Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 14 March 2020


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii (Maire) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 104 (2008 [17 Jul 2008]) comb. nov. [transl. nov.] (Dobignard & Chatelain 2013: 24)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche purpurea var. ballii [Ball ex] Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. 21-22 [21]: n.ş 617 [12 (12)] (1930) ["Ballii Maire, n. var."] (Dobignard & Chatelain 2013: 24). Obs. "Phelipaea caerulea C. A. M. var. Ball. spicil., p. 603. A typo recedit praecipue corollae labii superioris lobis rotundatis emarginatis, labii inferioris lobis rotundatis vix nevix [vix aut ne vix] acuminatis. / Hab. ad radices Ormenidis scariosae (Ball.) Lit. et Maire [Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt] in convallibus Atlantis Majoris: in ditione ditione Reraya [Reraďa (Rhirhaďa / Ghighaya, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz)] prope Arround; in ditionis Mesfioua monte Aouljdid [Tidili Mesfioua, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province, Morocco]." (view IPNI entry)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey. var. "[unnamed]" Ball in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16 (96-97): 603 (1878 [17 Jun 1878]), nom. illeg. Ind. loc.: "Specimen unicum in convalle Aďt Mesan [Ait Mesan / Aďt Mizan valley (Grand Atlas / High Atlas / Haut Atlas), above Arround village, N 31° 7' 48'' W 7° 55' 12'', Marrakech-Safi, Morocco)] legit J. D. H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" . Obs. "Ar. Geog. ... Praeter sp. nostrum ex Africa non vidi [our species has only been seen in Africa] ... Specimen Hookerianum a typo differt ... corollae labi inferioris lobis late ovatis vix aut ne vix acutis." (Ball 1878: 603)

Orobanche ballii (Maire) Domina in Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 763 f. 2a (2013 [1 Sep 2013]) (INPI) [Published online: 22 Aug 2013]

Phelipanche ballii (Maire) Domina in Willdenowia 47: 93 (2017 [23 Mar 2017])

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Misapplied names:

– Orobanche purpurea auct., non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (e.g., Domina & Raab-Straube 2010)

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Ind. loc.: Morocco, Marrakech-Safi, "Specimen unicum in convalle Aďt Mesan legit J. D. H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" (Ait Mesan / Aďt Mizan valley [Grand Atlas / High Atlas / Haut Atlas], above Arround village, N 31° 7' 48'' W 7° 55' 12'" (Ball 1878: 603).

"Protologue data: ad radices Ormenidis scariosae (Ball) Lit. et Maire in convallibus Atlantis Majoris: in ditione Reraya [Rhirhaďa / Ghighaya] prope Arround; in ditionis Mesfioua monte Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul]." (Domina & al. 2013).

Holotypus / holotype: K - "Arround! (J.D. Hooker 32)" (Ball 1878: 603, "Specimen unicum"; Beck 1930: 108, "in herb. Kew (typus)"; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694; Carlón & al. 2008: 106).

"Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire Iter Maroccanum Octavum, 1924 / “Orobanche purpurea Jacq. var. Ballii Maire / in Atlantis majoris ditione Mesfioua: in pascuis rupestr. granit. mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul], 2000-2300 m / 12.7” [manu Maire] (MPU - 2116)." (Domina & al. 2013).

Designated by: Ball in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16 (96-97): 603 (1878 [17 Jun 1878], "Specimen unicum"). Lectotype designated by Domina, Greuter, P. Marino & P. Schäf. in Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 763 f. 2a (2013 [1 Sep 2013])

Host: This species has been reported as parasitic on Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt [ Santolina scariosa Ball; Ormenis scariosa (Ball) Litard. & Maire; Chamaemelum scariosum (Ball) Benedí] and even more rarely on Achillea ligustica All. [= A. sylvatica Ten.] (Maire 1930: no. 617 [12]; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

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Comments:

Chorological observations: P. purpurea subsp. ballii is a Algerian-Moroccan endemic species: "Ar. Geog. ... Praeter sp. nostrum ex Africa non vidi" (Ball 1878: 603); "spécial au Maroc" (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 693).

Morphological observations: "Phelipaea caerulea C.A.M. var. Ball. spicil., p. 603. A typo recedit praecipue corollae labii superioris lobis rotundatis emarginatis, labii inferioris lobis rotundatis vix nevix [vix aut ne vix] acuminatis" (Maire 1930: no. 617 [12]). "Ph. purpurea subs. ballii (Maire), comb. et stat. nov. (taller plants with rounded not apiculated lower lip lobes) is the geographic race occurring in the Atlas Mountains (Morocco) as a parasite of Cladanthus scariosus (Compositae)." (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 7, 104. 2008). The taxon is more variable than the type could make us think, "La existencia de lo que parecen transiciones morfológicas es precisamente una de las razones que nos han decidido a optar en estos cuatro casos por el rango subespecífico." (Carlón & al. 2008: 105).

Taxonomic observations: "Note: The large rounded lobes of the lower lip of the corolla distinguish this taxon from O. purpurea Jacq., justifying its reevaluation as an independent, distinct species. Extensive field surveys can clarify the taxonomic relation of this taxon with Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón et al. recently revaluated (Carlón et al. 2008)" (Domina & al. 2013).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, MPU 002115 - Maire (Reraya, Morocco); b, MPU 002115 - Maire (flowers; Reraya, Morocco); c, MPU 002116 (mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul], Morocco, lectotype (Domina & al., 2013)); d, MPU 002116 (label and flower section; mont. Aouljdid, Morocco lectotype (Domina & al. 2013)); e, Grand Atlas / High Atlas: Ourika [Al Haouz Province, Morocco] (P 04363437 - hb. Maire); Grand Atlas / High Atlas: Imlil, Oued Rhirhaďa, Morocco (WAG 1141509).

Distribution: Mediterranean Region distribution (Algeria and Morocco); Maroccan distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Algeria / الجزائر‎ / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien

Batna: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Phelipaea arenaria Walp. / Orobanche / sur Artemisia campestris L.? / C. Aurčs, Sgag [foręt de Sgag / foręt Legag?, Aurčs Mountains, Saharan Atlas]" (MPU 261551 - hb. Maire; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017); "Batna" (Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae arenaria, p.p.).

"et peut-ętre sur les Achilloea des montagnes du Sudoranais [Atlas Mountains]" (Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae caerulea).

Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko

Marrakech-Safi: "in convalle Aďt Mesan legit J. D. H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" (Ait Mesan / Aďt Mizan valley [Grand Atlas], above Arround village, N 31° 7' 48'' W 7° 55' 12'' (Ball 1878: 603; Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae caerulea); «im Tale Ait-Mesan (Hooker nach Ball [1877-1878]...)» (Beck 1930: 108); «Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / Phelipaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A.M. / Grand Atlas: Ourika [Ourika Valley, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province: pâturages sur / les gres permiens prčs d’ Anfegeďn [Asguine], lieux / humides, 2100-2150 m. - sur Achillea ligustica L. ?, 9-7-1921 / Corolle bleue / stigma blanchâtre Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 191379; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007) (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694); "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Phelipaea hirsuta purpurea (Jacq.) Asch. arenaria  Walp. / var. atlantica n. var. / M. Grand Atlas, Ourika [Ourika Valley, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province]: pâturages / sur les gres au dessus d’ Anfegeďn [Asguine], lieux / humides, 2100-2200 m  9-7-1921 / Corolle bleue / stigma blanchâtre Dr. R. Maire" (P 04363437 - hb. Maire; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum octavum / 1924 / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / var. Ballii Maire / In Atlantis Majoris ditione Reraya [Reraďa (Rhirhaďa / Ghighaya, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz)]: / pr. Arround ad radices Ormenidis scariosa / 1950 m / 24-7-[1924]" (MPU 002115 - hb. Maire; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007) (Maire 1930: n.ş 617; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694); «ditione Mesfioua: in pascuis rupestr. granit. mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul], 2000-2300 m. / 12-7-[1924]» (MPU 002116!, lectotype of O. purpurea var. ballii; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007) (Maire 1930: no. 617 [12]; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694); "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum octavum / 1924 / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / var. Ballii Maire / In Atlantis Majoris ditione Mesfioua / in pascuis rupestr. granit. mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul], 2000-2300 m / 12.7 [.1924]" (MNHN-P-P02274514 - P02274514.jpg - Gbif 1212579878; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020); "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / a Herbario Vadensi distributae / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche spec.  Orobanchac. / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / Imlil, 1700 m. alt. 18 km SE of / Asni. Haut Atlas. / No: 2255 Die: 10-5-1961. / Data: Fl. purple-blue. In riverbed of Oued Reraďa [Oued Rhirhaďa]. partly dry" (WAG 1141509; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017); "terrases et pâturages de l'assif Leqaq [Assif Aďt Leqaq river, Oukaďmeden, Parc national de Toubkal, on Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt ?]" (Atlas bota 2016/05/orobancherameuse.pdf; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020).

Drâa-Tafilalet - Marrakech-Safi: Tizi-n-Test! [Tizi n' Test pass, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province] (Emberger & Maire 1941: 1129, «G[rand] A[tlas]: Tizi-n-Test! [Tizi n' Test pass] sur Isatis tinctoria (Balls)» [very doubtful host record]).

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References.

Apd - African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Orobanchaceae. CJB - Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Villle de Genčve and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. URL: http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/ - http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/details.php?langue=an&id=227444 (accessed Jul 2013).

Ball, J. 1877-1878. Spicilegium florae Maroccanae. London (Taylor and Francis). Extr. Linn. Soc. J. Bot. 16: 281-376 (29 Nov 1877), 377-472 (10 Jan 1878), 473-568 (27 Feb 1878), 569-772 (17 Jun 1878) [J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16(93): 281-376, pl. 9-15 (29 Nov 1877); 16(94): 377-472, pl. 16-20 (10 Jan 1878); 16(95): 473-568, pl. 21-26 (27 Feb 1878); 16(96-97): 569-772, pl. 27-28 (17 Jun 1878)]. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/8369.

Battandier, J.A. 1890 [Dec 1890]. Orobanchées Jussieu. In: Battandier, J.A. & Trabut, L.Ch. 1888-1897. Flore de l'Algerie. Flore de l'Algerie. Ancienne flore d'Alger transformée, contenant la description de toutes les plantes signalées jusqu'ŕ ce jour comme spontanées en Algérie par Battandier et Trabut professeurs ŕ l'École de Mčdecine et de Pharmacie d'Alger. Dicotylédones. Alger: Typographie Adolphe Jourdan; Paris: Libraire F. Savy 77, Boulevard Saint-Germain, 77 (Alger.—Typographie Adolphe Jourdan), pp. 655-664. [Fl. Algérie (Dicot.)]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/10763.

Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. 2008 [17 Jul 2008]. Más, a propósito de algunas Phelipanche Pomel, Boulardia F. W. Schultz y Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) del oeste del Paleártico [More on some Phelipanche Pomel, Boulardia F.W. Schultz and Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) from the western Palearctic.]. Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 1-128 (in Spanish, plus an enlarged abstract in English).

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Domina, G. & Raab-Straube, E. 2010. Orobanche purpurea (Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii) - Orobanche ballii - Phelipanche balii. Orobanchaceae. In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (accessed Mar 2012, Nov 2013 and Jul 2017).

Domina, G., Greuter, W., Marino, P. & Schäfer, P.A. 2013 [1 Sep 2013 (22 Aug 2013 online)]. Types of names of Orobanche taxa described from North Africa. Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 758-766.

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