Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 14 July 2021


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108[109], 252 (1762)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea purpurea (Jacq.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 499 (1864 [Apr 1864]) ["Phelipaea"] [ipni.org/n/662949-1]

Kopsia purpurea (Jacq.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009)

Orobanche purpurea var. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 124 (1890) ["Variat: ... β. typica = Orobanche purpurea Jacquin"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

Kopsia purpurea var. typica (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902) ["a typica"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. purpurea (Jacq.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 124 (1890) ["Formas: ... 1. (Orobanche) purpurea Jacquin"]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787]) ["coerulea. N."]. Syn.: Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822);   Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831); Phelipanche caerulea (Vill.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874). Ind. loc.: "Elle vient dans les prés, ŕ Crest & ailleurs." [Dauphiné, southeastern France]. Ic: Smith 1796-1797: t. 423; Reichenbach, 1829: t. DCXCII f. 928 (Beck 1930: 106 "depicta est forma cum spica densiore"). Obs. "vidi orig. in herb. Willdenow!" (Beck 1930: 106; Carlón & al. 2008: 100, typification: lectotype designated here: "Herb. Villars - MHNGr.1837.28688!")

? = Orobanche purpurascens J.F. Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis], 2(2): 954 (1792 [1791 publ. late Apr-Oct 1792]) (Wallroth 1825: 61; Steudel 1841: 230, "(sec. Wallr.)"; Walpers 1844: 457; Beck 1890: 125 ["fide Wallroth et Walpers"] et Beck 1930: 106; = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [ipni.org/n/662627-1])

= Orobanche caerulea Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 423 [t. 423] (1796-1797), pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)

= Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.: Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787])

= Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831) (Reuter 1847: 5-6). Syn.: Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787]). Ic.: Reichenbach fil. (1862: t. 149, sub "Phelipaea caerulea C.A. Mey.")

= Phelipanche caerulea (Vill.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874) ["Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant. 11: 103 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])"]. Syn.: Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787])

? = Phelypaea cedreti Reut. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 495 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]) ["P. Cedreti Reut. in Noë exs."], pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN) [status incertain]. Syn.: ? = Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey.(1831) (Boissier 1879: 495); ? = Phelypaea syspirensis K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 662 (1849) (Boissier 1879: 495). Ind. loc.: "Libano [Lebanon] (Boiss.! Noë!)". Obs. From our point of view, it is very probable that Boissier 1879 has included more than one species under this name (e.g., P. libanotica)

? = Orobanche pareysi Beck in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 310 (1881). Syn.: Phelypaea pareysii (Beck) Boiss., Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 357 (1888 [Oct 1888]); Orobanche purpurea var. pareysi (Beck) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 127 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Habitat: In Tauria ubi legit cl. dom. Pareys, cujus specimen in herbario caesareo Vindobonensi conservatur" (Beck 1881: 310); "Hab. Tauria (Pareysz in Herb. Caes. Vindob.) (Non vidi)" (Boissier 1888: 357); "Tauria! (herb. Vindob.)" (Beck 1890: 127); "Russische Länder: In der Krim (Pareys in Herb. Wien!)" (Beck 1930: 112). Obs. "apparently is described from random, not fully typical specimens, possibly also belonging to O. arenaria Borkh. Beck reported it for Crimea and Talysh [Iran]" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[42], sub O. purpurea)

? = Phelypaea pareysii (Beck) Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl.: 357 (1888 [Oct 1888]). Syn.: Orobanche pareysi Beck in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 310 (1881)

= Orobanche rhenana Eeden, Fl. bat. 18: 1412 (1889) (TL-2: 650 n 3874). Syn.: Phelypaea millefolii var. rhenana (Eeden) Corb., Nouv. Fl. Norm.: 442 (1893); Phelypaea caerulea var. rhenana (Eeden) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 163 (1909). Ind. loc.: "Groeiplaats. Ontdekt door den Gerlof van Vloten, Lit. Cand. en mij, in Julij 1887, ter zijde van het Mallegat bij Katwijk [South Holland, Netherlands], aan den rand van een zandig aardappelland, op Achillea Millefolium" (Schlauer & al. 2012). Herbarium Specimens: Ste Marie du Mont [Sainte-Marie-du-Mont] 1852 Lebel (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04404603 - P 04404603.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464993979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2021)

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= Phelypaea caerulea var. ciliaris Griseb., Spic. Flor. Rumel. 2: 59 (1844) ["coerulea"]. Syn.: Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. ciliaris (Griseb.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125 (1890). Ind. loc.: "In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άθως / Agion Oros / Άγιον Όρος, Athonite State / Αθωνική, Chalkidiki / Halkidiki / Χαλκιδική, Central Macedonia, Greece]: in sylvis pr. Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie!" (Grisebach 1844: 59)

= Phelypaea purpurea var. stenosepala Vetter (1877) ["nob. (Vetter, s.d.)"], in sched., nom. nud. Ind. loc.: "Val. Var: Estenc [Entraunes, Alpes-Maritimes], prčs les sources du Var, 27.7.1877" [Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] (Charpin & Salanon, 1985: 253)

= Orobanche caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz., Agg. Fl. Venet., ser. 5. VIII: 146 (1882). Syn.: = Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125[-126] (1890); = Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Ind. loc.: "nei C. Euganei [Colli Euganei, Padova, Veneto, Italy] (Bizz.)" (Beck 1890: 126, "Venetia (non vidi)"; Béguinot 1902: 473; Beck 1930: 110)

= Orobanche purpurea var. tapeina Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 124 (1890) ["a. (Orobanche) tapeina"]

= Orobanche purpurea var. sptizelii Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 126 (1890) ["γ. (Orobanche) Spitzelii"]. Ind. loc.: [Italy]: "Ischia [Isole Flegree, Campania] (var. spitzelii) ... in valle Ruegras (var. spitzelii leg. Rostan)"

= Orobanche purpurea var. hirsuta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 126 (1890) ["δ. (Orobanche) hirsuta"]. Ind. loc.: "Rare. Transsilvania: Prope Boos Comit. Kolos [Cluj County / Kolozs megye, Romania] leg. Freyn (vidi in herb. suo). In herb. Petrop. (leg. Fischer — unde ?)."

? = Orobanche purpurea var. garhwalensis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 126 (1890) ["η. (Orobanche) Garhwálensis"]. Ind. loc.: "Prope Jánglo inter Tihri et Garhwál [Uttarakhand, India] Indiae orientalis (leg. Duthie nr. 528) !"

? = Orobanche purpurea var. pareysi (Beck) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 127 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche pareysi Beck in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 310 (1881)

= Phelypaea millefolii var. rhenana (Eeden) Corb., Nouv. Fl. Norm.: 442 (1893). Syn.: Orobanche rhenana Eeden, Fl. Bat. 18: 1412 (1889)

= Phelypaea caerulea var. rhenana (Eeden) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 163 (1909) ["β. Rhenana Corb., l.c., Orobanche Rhenana Kops (et cont.)"]. Syn.: Orobanche rhenana Eeden, Fl. Bat. 18: 1412 (1889)

? = Orobanche purpurea var. rhodopea T. Georgiadis in God. Sof. Univ. Agron.-Les. Fak. 5(1): 44. (1937) (Stoyanov 2005: 465, sub O. purpurea). Ind. loc.: "34TGM45 (17.1). in collis siccis, mt. Rhodope occidentalis [Rhodope Mountains], Čepino, 750 m.s.m.". Herbarium Specimens: Lectotype: "Orobanche purpurea / f. rhodopea T. Georg. / In collis siccis, mt. Rhodope occident. [Rhodope Mountains] / Cepino,750 m. / 24.VI.1926 / Leg. Davidov" (SOA 56078.jpg - nmnhs.com/images/e-natura/photos-types/1200/soa/SOA_56078_DMC_0135.jpg [the specimens are not typical of P. purpurea, the image does not allow a sure determination]) [National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences]

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= Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. longirhachis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125 (1890) ["2. (Orobanche) longirhachis"]. Ind. loc.: "Rarius: Vidi ex Hungaria prope pagum Lagos [Lugoj, Timiș County, Banat, Romania] comit. Krassó [Krassó-Szörény County / Caraş-Severin was an administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary], leg. Heuffel (herb. Háynald); ex Caucaso prope Mahmutli [Georgia], leg. Bayern (herb. Petrop.); ex Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта], leg. Becker; ex Moravia, leg. Formanek.". Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche coerulea Vill / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. Becker" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04393735 - P 04393735.jpg - hb. Th. Delacour - gbif.org/occurrence/464936519; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [cf. P. caesia]); "Phelipaea arenaria / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. A. Becker" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04215442 - P 04215442.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/474703068; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the sheet contains two specimens, only the left-side specimen is P. arenaria, the specimen on right-side of the sheet could be P. purpurea)

= Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. ciliaris (Griseb.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125 (1890) ["4. (Orobanche) ciliaris"]. Syn.: Phelypaea coerulea var. ciliaris Griseb., Spicileg. Flor. Rumel. 2: 59 (1844)

= Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125[-126] (1890) ["? 5. (Orobanche) achroantha"]. Syn.: Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha ( Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902); = Orobanche caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz., Agg. Fl. Venet., ser. 5. VIII: 146 (1882). Ind. loc.: "Venetia [Veneto, Italy] (non vidi). Germania: prope Hanau [Frankfurt am Main, N 50° 8' 0'' E 8° 55' 0'', Main-Kinzig-Kreis, Germany] (leg. Clemençon)!" (Beck 1890: 126; 1930: 110). Obs. "Corollae ochroleucae"

= Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902) ["b. achroantha"]. Syn.: Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125[-126] (1890)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche laevis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]), nom. rej. Syn.: = Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) and = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874). Obs. "ambiguous name" [nom. rej. prop. (Turland & Rumsey in Taxon 46: 789-791. 1997); nom. rej. (Brummitt in Taxon 49: 263-264. 2000)]

–  Phelypaea caesia sensu Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 624 (1853) ["Ph. caesia Reut. in DC. prodr. 11, p. 6 (non Griseb.)"] [saltem p.p.], non Orobanche caesia Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 48, t. 698 f. 936 (1829). Syn.: = Phelipanche camphorosmae Carlón & al. (2008) (Carlón & al. 2008: 42, MARS); = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) ["lčvres ... ŕ dents obtuses" (MA 114850; MA 114851)]; = Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey. (1831) [= Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (Coste 1904: 64)]; = Orobanche purpurea Jacq. (1762) [= Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (Tela Botanica - search, accessed Sep 2007)]. Ind. loc.: "Hab. Sur les racines de l'Artemisia gallica Willd. [view IPNI entry] dans les sables de la Mediterranée; Marseille! (Jord.); Banyuls dans les Pyrénées-Or. (Jord.). Ч Juin".

–  Orobanche arenaria auct. div., non Orobanche arenaria Borkh. in Neues Mag. Bot. 1: 6 (1794) (Sell & Murrell 2009: 503)

–  Phelypaea longiflora K. Koch "in Exsicc. herb. Berol.", non Orobanche longiflora Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806) (Beck 1890: 125)

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Ind. loc.: "In collibus et montosis siccis ... Habitat in collibus siccioribus; supra Weinhaus [Weinhaus, village very close to the city of Vienna, Austria / Österreich], & c." (Jacqin, 1762: 108-9, 252).

Typus / Type: "Type:—Austria (lectotype here designated): «nş 97 Oropanche purpurea. Jacq.: non Lin: [Habitat in collibus siccioribus; supra Weinhaus (Weinhaus, village very close to the city of Vienna), & c., leg. Jacquin]» (LINN-HL-798-12!)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22).

Designated by: Piwowarczyk & al. in Phytotaxa 386(1): 22 (2019).

Host: parasites on Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl (Compositae Giseke), usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium L., more rarely on Artemisia species). "Mainly parasitic on Achillea sp., principally A. millefolium L., rarely on Tanacetum balsamitoides Sch. Bip. (in the southern part, Syunik province [Armenia]) (Asteraceae)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22).

Achillea clypeolata Sm. [= Achillea borzana Prodan]. Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2005: 465, sub O. purpurea), Serbia (Petrovic ex Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea).

Achillea collina (Wirtg.) Heimerl [Achillea millefolium var. collina Wirtg.; Achillea millefolium subsp. collina (Wirtg.) Oborny; = Achillea millefolium aggr.]. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486, sub P. purpurea); Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 76, sub O. purpurea).

Achillea holosericea Sm. Greece (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209308 - herb. Gutermann 35589; Carlón & al. 2005: 12, sub P. purpurea s.l.).

Achillea millefolium L. Eurasia (Wallroth 1825: 61; Zázvorka 2000: 486, sub P. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 28, sub O. purpurea; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009). Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22 sub P. purpurea), Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2005: 465, sub O. purpurea), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486, sub P. purpurea), France (CLF 170369 - hb. Alleizette; MPU 339611 - hb. Litzler), Georgia (WU 0032450 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209306; Carlón & al. 2005: 12, sub P. purpurea), Great Britain (K 000759343; Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 115, sub P. purpurea), Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 76, sub O. purpurea), Russia (MW 0717043), Spain (MA 160870).

Achillea nobilis L. Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2005: 465, sub O. purpurea), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486, sub P. purpurea), Russia (MW 1008943).

Achillea nobilis subsp. neilreichii (A. Kern.) Velen. [≡ Achillea neilreichii Kern.] (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Achillea pannonica Scheele [Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica (Scheele) Oborny; = Achillea millefolium aggr.]. Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 76, sub O. purpurea)

Achillea setacea Waldst. & Kit. [Achillea millefolium subsp. setacea (Waldst. & Kit.) Čelak.; = Achillea millefolium aggr.]. Caucasus (MW 0717046), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486, sub P. purpurea), Greece (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); France (CLF 170371).

Achillea wilhelmsii K. Koch  [Achillea santolinoides subsp. wilhelmsii (K. Koch) Greuter]. Iran (Yousefi & al. 2013: 694, sub O. purpurea).

Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 487, sub P. purpurea), Italy (Franco Giordana, sub P. arenaria).

Artemisia vulgaris L. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486, 487, sub P. purpurea), Italy (floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org...t=46931 [215568, 215569, 215577, 215578] by Eugenia Bugni; floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=63799 by Ettore Guarnaroli; floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=40286 [187217, 187218, 187219...] by Emma Silviana Mauri; inaturalist.org/observations/48934498 - gbif.org/occurrence/2641414251 by Mirko Tomasi; inaturalist.org/observations/81570438 by Letizia del Giudice).

Tanacetum balsamitoides Sch. Bip. Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22 sub P. purpurea).

Comments: "15) We propose to consider Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják as a single polytypic species with four well recognizable subspecies in the Western Palearctic. P. purpurea subsp. purpurea (tall plants with lax inflorescences of patent flowers, white corolla creases and lanceolate lower lip lobes) is parasitic on Achillea and Artemisia (Compositae) in somewhat ruderal places across Western and central Europeand to SW Asia. P. purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (tall plants with dense spikes of erecto-patent flowers) is parasitic on Artemisia in steppic environments of Central Europe, and is here cited for the first time for the Pyrenees and the Iberian Peninsula. P. purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.), comb. et stat. nov. (shorter plants with uniformly colored corollae and rounded, apiculated lower lip lobes) grows on Achillea in not very anthropized places in Western and Central Europe. Finally, P. purpurea subsp. balii (Maire), comb. et stat. nov. (taller plants with rounded not apiculated lower lip lobes) is the geographic race occurring in the Atlas Mountains (Morocco) as a parasite of Achillea ligustica and Cladanthus scariosus (Compositae)" (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 6-7, 98-109, 99-100 [subsp.-key], f. 1 [phylogenetic relationships]. 2008).

Chromosomatic number: n = 12 (Palomeque & Sańudo 1981; Foley 2001: 46 [Spain]); 2n = 24 (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 261 [Britain]); n = 12, 2n = 24 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004: 441).

Ic.: a, Jacquin, Florć Austriac. 3: t. 276 (1775) (illustration of O. Purpurea); b, Herb. Villars - MHNGr.1837.28688 [lectotype of O. caerulea]; c, J.E. Smith, Engl. Bot. 6: t. 423 (1796-1797) [sub O. caerulea]; d, MA 114846 (sub Phelipaea coerulea; Elsasses, France; leg. Emberger 1908); e, inflorescences (on Achillea millefolium L.; Traspeńa, Spain); f, anthers (sparsely hairy at the base; ib.); g, inflorescences (on Achillea millefolium L.; Era Solana, Spain); h, pistil (Luko, Spain); i, fruit (ib.); j, opend fruit schowing seeds (ib.); k, Orobanche purpurea, Florć Austriacć 3: t. 276 Jacquin vs hb. Sánchez Pedraja 12278; l, Phelipanche purpurea subsp. purpurea vs millefolii vs bohemica (Iberian Peninsula); m, habit [sub Orobanche purpurea (search-Vyhledávání - Florian, accessed Feb 2006) rostliny.nikde.cz].

Distribution: Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands [in error for P. nana], Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canary Islands [in error for P. lavandulacea subsp. trichocalyx], Corsica [in error for P. rosmarina], Crete [unconfirmed], Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia [see P. purpurea subsp. bohemica], France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India [n.v.], Iran, Italy, Krim, Lebanon [unconfirmed, see P. libanotica], Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia [unconfirmed, see P. purpurea subsp. bohemica], Pakistan [n.v.], Poland, Portugal [in error for P. arenaria], Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine.

"General distribution: Atlantic and Central Europe, Mediterranean Region, Balkans-Asia Minor, Armenia-Kurdistan, Iran" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 42, sub O. purpurea). European distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); Iberian Peninsula distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Afghanistan / Afġānistān / Afganistán / Афганистан (Gilli 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. tapeina)

Baghlan Province: "NE: Kataghan [Qataghan Province]: in decl. borealibus jugi Salang, 2200 m, Lamond 2230" (Gilli 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. purpurea f. purpurea); "NE: Kataghan [Qataghan Province]: in decl. borealibus jugi Salang, 2200 m, Lamond 2230" (Gilli 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. tapeina).

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Albania Republic / Republika e Shqipërisë (Meyer 2011, sub O. purpurea; Shuka & Tan 2013: f. 13, sub O. purpurea)

Central Albania / Shqipëria qendrore:

Tirana County: " TIR! / Shengjergji, south of Dry Mt, 1000-1300 m, 5 July 1959, 3546 F.K. Meyer, JE, digital specimen image!" (Shuka & Tan 2013: f. 13, sub O. purpurea).

Northern Albania / Shqipëria veriore / Gegëria: "N Albanian Alps, Shtegu i Dheneve, Thethi, 1300 m, 23 July 1959, 4085 F.K. Meyer;  JE, digital specimen image!" (Shuka & Tan 2013: f. 13, sub O. purpurea).

Southern Albania / Shqipëria jugore / Toskëria

Korçë County: "Dry Mt, above Gorrica e Madhe (near the border with F.Y.R. Macedonia), Gropat e Palates; 1820 m, 40°54'N 20°50'E, 8 July 2011, 5518 Shuka" (Shuka & Tan 2013: f. 13, sub O. purpurea).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea f. iberica; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[41-42], sub O. purpurea; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Aragatsotn Province / Арагацотнская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Ararat Province / Араратская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Gegharkunik Province / Гехаркуникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Kotayk Province / Котайкская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea): "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis / M.G. Pimenov. Plantae caucasicae / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / Армения, ... Гутанасар [Gutanasar] ... / 1997 N.ş 1057 / 7791" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717054 - MW 0717054.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. arenaria]) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 33, sub P. arenaria)

Lori Province / Лорийская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Syunik Province / Сюникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Tavush Province / Тавушская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Vayots Dzor Province / Вайоцдзорская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22-24, f. 11D et f. 12, sub P. purpurea)

Unknown locations: "Armeniâ (Koch)" (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "prope Eriwan [Yerevan / Erywan / Jerewan / Ереван] (f. iberica [see Phelipanche iberica])" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "... / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / ... Кнровакаи (Армянская) / 31.VII.[19]38. Собр. П. Юзбашян [P. Yuzbashyan]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717055 - MW 0717055.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2021).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Jacqin 1762: 108-9, 252, loc. class. of O. purpurea; Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Kärnten / Carinthia: "Carinthia (Obervellach)" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea); "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209307: Austria, province of Lower Austria, Wiener Becken, close to the raod crossing Leopoldsdorf-Maria Lanzendorf, J. Walter (LI: 04105-04108)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 12, sub P. purpurea subsp. purpurea).

Salzburg: (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Styria: "Stiria (Graz)" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Tyrol: (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Vienna: "Type:—Austria (lectotype here designated): «nş 97 Oropanche purpurea. Jacq.: non Lin: [Habitat in collibus siccioribus; supra Weinhaus (Weinhaus, village very close to the city of Vienna), & c., leg. Jacquin]» (LINN-HL-798-12!)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22, lectotype of P. purpurea); "In collibus et montosis siccis ... Habitat in collibus siccioribus; supra Weinhaus [Weinhaus, village very close to the city of Vienna, Austria / Österreich], & c." (Jacqin 1762: 108-9, 252, loc. class. of O. purpurea); "Tabula tituli exprimit prospectum ex Türkenfchantz, qui collis est pago Weinhaus imminens urbique Viennae vicinissimus, ad montem Cetium versus laevam, montemque Leopoldi dextrorfum sětum. Ad quorum pedem ex prodit imo pagus Grinzing." (Jacquin 1775: 56, t. 276, loc. class. of O. purpurea); "circa Vindabonam etc." (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea); "Inzersdorf [48°09'10.0"N 16°20'12.0"E], Wien, Österreich", 4 Jul 2020" (inaturalist.org/observations/52071236 by cpu in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021).

"Austria [Austrian Empire]: Galicia, Bohemia (e prope Karlstein), Moravia (Brünn, Nikolsburg, Parfuss), Austria inferior et superior (circa Vindabonam etc.), Stiria (Graz), Carinthia (Obervellach), Tirolia (Brixen, Bozen, Riva), Istria (Barbona)" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea var. pareysi)

Goygol Rayon: "Phelipaea longiflora C.A. Mey. / In umbrosis et in agris prope col. / Helenendorf [Еленендорф / Goygol / Yelenino / Khanlar] terr Elisabethopol [Elisabethpol Governorate]. / Armen. or. / R.F. Hohenacker [Rudolph Friedrich Hohenacker, Enumeratio plantarum quas in itinere per provinciam Talysch...] Apr.-Oct.." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141127 - https://medialib.naturalis.nl/file/id/WAG.1141127/format/large - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515815237; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2021, ut P. purpurea); "Transcaucasia: Prope Helenendorf [Goygol / Yelenino / Khanlar] leg. Hohenacker [Rudolph Friedrich Hohenacker, Enumeratio plantarum quas in itinere per provinciam Talysch...]" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "Transkaukasien: Georgien: bei Helenendorf [Goygol / Yelenino / Khanlar] (Hohenacker!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea).

Lerik Rayon: "Caucasus: prope Tatuni [Lerik] (leg. Hohenacker in herb. Petrop.)" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea var. pareysi); "Talish: Swant, Hohen." [Talysh Khanate: prope pagum Swant [Zuvant / Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iranian Azerbaijan] (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea).

Yardymli Rayon: "In montibus Talüsch [Talish Mountains] prope pagum Limar [Gora Limar, Iranian Azerbaijan?] (alt. 500 hexap.)" (Meyer 1931: 104, sub P. coerulea mihi).

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Belgium / Belgique / Belgien / Bélgica (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea)

Wallonia / Walloniea / Wallonien / Wallonië / Valonia

Ličge Province: "Belgien: bei Theux (Mairlot)" (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea).

Luxembourg Province / Luxemburgo: Durbuy, "Bomal ... 13-6-1988" (Kreutz 1995: 43, photo!, sub O. purpurea).

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea)

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo Canton / Kanton Sarajevo / Sarajevska županija / Сарајевски кантон: "Bosnia: pr. Sarajevo (leg. Beck)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Canton 10 / Herzeg-Bosnia County / Kanton 10 / Hercegbosanska županija / Кантон 10: Hercegobosanski [near Ćoslije, Glamoč], Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine, BA (inaturalist.org/observations/19071044 by ubmirko in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Stoyanov 2005: 464-466 f. 2 [distribution map], sub O. purpurea; Stoyanov & al. 2015)

"proved host plants (Asteraceae: Achillea clypeolata, A. millefolium, A. nobilis)" (Stoyanov 2005: 465, sub O. purpurea).

"Bulgaria prope Öukarova Dobrudschae (leg. Sintenis), M. Balkan pr. Petrov Han (Velenovský); Rumelia: leg. Privaldsk y et pr. Sliven leg. Skorpil" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso / Caucas / Caucase / Кавказ (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[42], sub O. purpurea)

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia)

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia)

Unknown location: 1. "Phelipaea longiflora / C.A. Meyer. / Caucas [m. Ledebour] // Ledebour / scripsit".   2. "Phelipaea longiflora / C.A. Mey. / Caucase / Donné par M. Ledebour / en 1854" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970728 - P 02970728.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/438104928; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014); "provinciis caucasicis" (Ledebour 1849: 311, sub "P. longiflora C.A. Mey. Ind. cauc. p. 104 ... excl. synon. Pers."); "Caucasus: All regions." (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[42], sub O. purpurea); on Achillea setacea / VI.1924. П. Сюзев [P. Suzhev] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717046 - MW 0717046.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2021).

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

"21230, Sinj [43°42'24.2"N 16°38'43.6"E], Hrvatska", 21 Jun 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/50365425 by Marko Doboš in iNaturalist; accessed Feb 2021 [!]).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Zázvorka 2000: 484-485, t. 78 f. 1!, sub P. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 31, sub O. purpurea).

Bohemia / Čechy: "Bohemia (e prope Karlstein [Karlštejn])" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); "Tschechoslovakeü: Böhmen (Milleschauer Berg, Sebusein, Karlstein, Groß Priesen)" ( Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea); (Zázvorka 2000: 484-485, t. 78 f. 1!, sub P. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 31, sub O. purpurea).

Moravia / Morava [South Moravian Region / Jihomoravský kraj]: "Moravia (Brünn [Brno], Nikolsburg [Mikulov], Parfuss [near Brno])" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); "Mähren (Brunn, Nikolsburg, Parfuß!)" ( Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea).

"Moravia, leg. Formanek." (Beck 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis); "Austria [Austrian Empire]: Galicia, Bohemia (e prope Karlstein), Moravia (Brünn [Brno], Nikolsburg [Mikulov], Parfuss [near Brno]), Austria inferior et superior (circa Vindabonam etc.), Stiria (Graz), Carinthia (Obervellach), Tirolia (Brixen, Bozen, Riva), Istria (Barbona)" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Note: P. purpurea subsp. bohemica "Obtížně odlišitelná od morfotypů P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parazitujícíh na Artemisia vulgaris [Difficult to distinguish from P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parasitizing on Artemisia vulgaris [and A. verlotiorum]]" (Zázvorka 2000: 487).

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Denmark / Danmark / Dinamarca / Danemark / Dänemark (Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea)

"Sjćlland, Hundested [55°59'48.5"N 11°55'19.2"E], Hovedstaden, DK", 17 Jun 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/67786988 by teresemalmgren in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [!, on Achillea sp.]); Hundested [55°59'52.7"N 11°55'09.4"E], 2020-06-19 Recorded and Identified by Anne Storgaard (gbif.org/occurrence/2885185674 - arter.dk/observation/record-details/93b199de-510d-4ea0-92fe-abe101225704 - arter.dk/taxa/taxon/details/6c69ddf8-f785-ea11-aa77-501ac539d1ea in Danish National portal Arter.dk; accessed Feb 2021 [!, on Achillea sp.]).

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Estonia / Estland / Eesti / Эстони (Tzvelev 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea) [see P. purpurea subsp. bohemica]

Vőru maakond / Vőru County: "Baltic (southeastern Estonia)" (Tzvelev 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea); 1. "VII.1893 / Neu Kasseriz (= Kasaritsa) bei Werro (= Vőru lähedal) / auf Artemisia campestris / leg. H. Hiir". – 2. "Orobanche arenaria Borkh. / Sandsommerwurz". – 3. "Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / L. Viljasoo / 10.XI-65." (TU 301922 [Tiina Samson]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [it seems to correspond to P. purpurea subsp. bohemica parasitic on Artemisia campestris]).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea; Grenier 1853: 624, sub Phelipaea caerulea; Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Drôme (26): "Elle vient dans les prés, ŕ Crest & ailleurs." (Orobanche caerulea Vill., lectotype: Herb. Villars-MHNGr.1837.28688) (Carlón & al. 2008: 100, sub P. purpurea).

Haute-Savoie (74): "monte Voirons [Massif du Chablais, Alpes] prope Genevam (J. Muret!) [Communauté d'Agglomération d'Annemasse - Les Voirons]" (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea C.A. Mey.).

Isčre (38): Mizoën, 45° 03′ 04″ N / 6° 08′ 35″ E, parasitic on Artemisia campestris L. (Compositae) in dry and sunny pastures, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 19 Jun 2004 (obs [this record seems to correspond to P. purpurea subsp. bohemica]).

Puy-de-Dôme (67): "Ch. d'Alleizette / plantes d'auvergne / Phelipaea arenaria / Sur Achillea millefolium / Puy-de-Dôme. Puy Chaleix, pelouses. / 20-VI-1932" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf170369 - CLF 170369.jpg - hb. Alleizette - gbif.org/occurrence/1437901222; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [all specimens correspond to P. purpurea apparently parasitizing Achillea sp.]).

Savoie (73): "Aussois (Savoie - France) le 30.07.2001 sur Achillea millefolium" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon, sub P. purpurea, in Plantes parasites ou hémiparasites - Pharmanatur; accessed Jul 2013).

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté [Bourgogne / Burgundy / Borgońa-Franche-Comté / Franco Condado]

Doubs (25): 1. "Orobanche vagabunda / Citadelle [de Besançon] / 15 Juin 1829".   2. "Orobanche vagabunda Vauch / Comosa Duby / Sur lit de plants[?] / Citadelle" (P 04394318; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [apparently parasitizing Achillea sp.]).

Haute-Saône (70): "Champlitte (Haute-Saône - France) le 13.05.2001 - 15.06.2005 sur Achillea millefolium" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon, sub P. purpurea, in Plantes parasites ou hémiparasites - Pharmanatur; accessed Jul 2013).

Brittany / Bretagne

Ille-et-Vilaine (35): 1. "Orobanche purpurea Jacq.". 2. "... Phelipaea caerula (Meyer) / ... Rothéneuf prčs St Malo [Saint-Malo] / 1er Juin 1890" (P 00598502; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Centre-Val de Loire

Loir-et-Cher (41): "Phelipaea caerulea C.A. Mey. / 1. 28 Juin 1880 2. 13 Juin 1881. / Le haut du pâtureau de Jaugy, sur / l'Achillea millefolium / C.m de Gievu (Loir-et-Cher) ..." (science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04608140 - P 04608140.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/667374351; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016).

Indre-et-Loire (37): "Orobanche caerulea / Coteaux de la loire / h. Poiret" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384527 - P 04384527.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - gbif.org/occurrence/464964064 - rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017 [the sheet contains five specimens, only the three specimens on the right-side of the sheet are P. arenaria (near their label), the other two are P. purpurea]).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega / Korsika [apparently in error for P. rosmarina (= P. mutelii sensu Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008)] (Chater & Webb 1972: 289, "Co", sub O. purpurea; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 94-95, "nous n'avons jamais vu", sub O. purpurea)

Haute-Corse (2B): "Herbier Bernard de Retz / N.ş 34649 / Phelypaea / caerulea C.A. Mey. / 26 juillet 1954 / Monte d'Oro [massif du Monte Rotondo] (Corse) / pentes et rochers de la / face nord, alt. / Leg. B. de Retz / 5345" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04409264 - P 04409264.jpg - hb. Retz - gbif.org/occurrence/464676688; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2016 [the sheet contains two specimes which seem to correspond to O. minor]).

Île-de-France

Essonne (91): "Phelypaea coerulea C.A. Mey. / sur Achillea millefolium / Chamarande / du côte de Bonne / 10 Juillet 1898" (P 04404584; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017 [the sheet contains five specimens, the four specimens on the left-side and near their label are P. purpurea and the other specimen (La Grande-Paroisse) on the right-side is P. arenaria]).

Seine-et-Marne (77): "712 / Phelypaea caerulea C.A. Mey. / 3 juin 1948 / Bord de la route - La Croix St / Marc- prčs de Montgeron / (Seine-et-Marne) / sur Achillea millefolium" (P 00598729 - hb. Henri Bouby; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Ch. d'Alleizette / Phelipaea / Sur Achillea millefolium / Seine-et-Marne - Env. de Nemours / prčs du canal / sol calcaire / 28 Juin 1929" (CLF 170370; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017).

Val d'Oise (95): "La Roche Guyon", Jean-Luc Tasset, Mai 2003 and Juin 2007 [5 photos!] (Tela Botanica; accessed Dec 2009); "Amenucourt", Jean-Luc Tasset, Juin 2008 [1 photo!] (Tela Botanica, accessed Dec 2009).

Grand Est [Alsace / Elsŕss-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardenne]

Bas-Rhin / Unterelsŕss (67): "Strassburg" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); "Flora des Elsasses ... 1908. Leg. Emberger, Thann." (MA 114846, sub Phelipaea coerulea C.A. Mey.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007); "Elsaß (Straßburg!)" (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea).

Haute-Marne (52): "Herbier P. Litzler / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. (= Phelypaea carurea (Vill.) Meyer) / France (Haute-Marne): Langres, La Citadelle / sur Achillea millefolium / 29.06.1902 / leg. P. Fournier" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu339611 - MPU 339611.jpg - hb. Litzler - gbif.org/occurrence/1424966595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017).

Marne (51): "Orobanche coerulea Vill. ... / ... / laevis ... / ... côte de Champagne [Côte des Blancs, Champagne] / Juin / ..." (P 04393955 - hb. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

Meuse (55): "... / 5098. — Phelypaea coerulea C.A. Mey. / ... / Parasite sur Achillea millefolium / Meuse: Lamorville / Legit Breton / 22 juin 1903" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu516900 - MPU 516900.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1807567236; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2021).

Normandy / Normandie / Normandía [Lower Normandy- Upper Normandy]

Manche (50): "Or. amethystea ... arenaria / ŕ Vieux Cerisy-la-Foręt / M. le Sauvage, 1829" (P 04429708 - hb. M.A. Ramond; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014); Ste Marie du Mont [Sainte-Marie-du-Mont] 1852 Lebel (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04404603 - P 04404603.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464993979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2021); "Les Moitiers-d'Allonne", Benoit Bock, Juin 2002 [3 photos!] (Tela Botanica; accessed Dec 2009); "Pirou-plage, Normandie, 7 june 2008" (photo zipcodezoo_1.jpg in Orobanche purpurea - ZipcodeZoo; accessed Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017).

Occitanie / Occitŕnia [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Hérault (34): "CH. D'Alleizette / Phelipaea arenaria Walp. / Hérault: La Motte [La Grande-Motte], prčs Montpellier / sables sur Achillea setacea [Achillea millefolium subsp. setacea (Waldst. & Kit.) Čelak.] / 2 Juin 1912" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf170371 - CLF 170371.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1437901227; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the sheet contains three specimens, only the central specimen that is attached to its host (Achillea) is P. purpurea; the two lateral specimens are P. arenaria (very typical and well preserved the left-hand specimen)]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenčus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "Herbier Bernard de Retz / 26621 / Phelypaea / caerulea C.A. Mey. / 26 juillet 1948 / Montlouis [Mont-Louis, arrondissement of Prades.] (Pyrénées-Orientales) Fetjčs, alt. 1500 m. / Leg. B. de Retz / 5345" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04409263 - P 04409263.jpg - hb. Retz - gbif.org/occurrence/465139761; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2016); "Castabona, Pyr. Or., ad radices Achillea millefolium,-VII-1872, Vayreda, BC s/n-Herbari Vayreda. Pentes de Taurinya vers Fillols, 23-VI-1898, Fre. Sennen, BC 822105 (sub O. cernua). Alta Cerdanya, voltants d’Angostrina, 30-VII-1980, O. de Bolňs et al., BC 632271" (Pujadas 2001: 73, sub O. purpurea).

Pays de la Loire

Vendée (85): "2809 / Phelypaea caerulea Mey. / Vendée - La Châtaigneraie, route du rocher / Perrot / 10 juin 1921" (P 00598730 - hb. Jean Guillet, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Picardie

Aisne (02): "Herbier M. Bournérias Nş 3306 / ... Phelypaea purpurea (Jacq.) Asch. / ... / Commenchon (Aisne) / 21.6.46[1946] / ..." (P 04409228, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2013).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): "Orobanche Coerulea / ... / Barcelonnette Basses Alpes / Av. Juill. 1870 Coll. Cheminaud" (P 04393956 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "Herbier P. Litzler / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / ... Saint-Martin-Vésubie / Belvédčre, les Blancons / sur Artemisia campestris / 10.07.1988 / Leg. -det. ipse [P. Litzler] n.ş 88.776" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu339612 - MPU 339612.jpg - hb. Litzler - gbif.org/occurrence/1424966620; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2021 [the three specimens correspond to P. arenaria]); "Val Vésubie: env. de St-Martin-Lantosque [Arrondissement de Nice, N 43° 58' 0'' E 7° 19' 0''], 19.6.1865 (herb. G. Thuret). Val. Estéron: Sallagriffon [Arrondissement de Grasse, N 43° 53' 0'' E 6° 54' 0''], prčs du village (entre Aiglun et Puget-Théniers, 20.6.1884 (Charpin & Salanon 1985: 253); "Val. Var: Estenc [Entraunes], prčs les sources du Var, 27.7.1877, det. P. purpurea (Jacq.) Aschers. var. stenosepala nob. (Vetter, s.d.); val Sanguiničre sur Estenc [Entraunes], 29.7.1877" (Charpin & Salanon 1985: 253).

Hautes-Alpes (05): "Flore des Hautes-Alpes / Orobanche ozanonis ? / La Grave / VIII. 1958 Leg. J. Braun-Blanquet" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu165816- MPU 165816.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1807386536; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021 [ut P. purpurea]).

Var (83): "Gonfaron et les Mayons ... parasite l'Achillée millefeuille (Achillea millefolium) (photo 2: O. purpurea1 !) (Michaud & Morvant 2005: 190).

"Gallia: Precigne Dép. Sarthe, Fontainebleau, Laiz prčs Maron" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия (former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic [Georgian SSR] / Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Грузинская ССР]) (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea)

No precise location given: "Iberiâ (M.B., Hoh.)" (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "prope Mahmutli [Georgia] (formam longirhachis leg. Bayern)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "Grusien !" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea).

Samtskhe-Javakheti Region: valley of river Kura (Mtkvari): gorge between monastery of Vardzia and castle Khertvisi. 43°19'03'' E 41°23'32'' N. 1260 m, G. Schneeweiß, A. Tribsch, M. Staudinger & P. Schönswetter, 2002-07-16, AY209306 (WU 0032450); "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209306: Georgia, Minor Caucasus, valley of river Kura (Mtkvari), gorge between monastery of Vardzia and castle Khertvisi, 1260 m, on Achillea millefolium s.l. (Asteraceae), G. Schneeweiß, P. Schönswetter & A. Tribsch (WU: S&T 8107)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 12, sub P. purpurea subsp. purpurea); "Samtskhe-Javakheti" [41°47'07.6"N 43°07'34.4"E, Atskuri] (inaturalist.org/observations/31489686 by Curren Frasch in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021).

South Ossetia / Tskhinvali Region / State of Alania / Южная Осетия / Государство Алания

Кавказ, Южная Осетия [Caucasus, South Ossetia] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717053 - MW 0717053.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. owerinii]).

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea; Ascherson 1860: 499, sub Phelipaea purpurea; Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea)

Baden-Württemberg (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

Bavaria / Bayern / Baviera (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

Munich / München: "Aschheim [48°10'50.2"N 11°42'23.6"E], Lkr. München, Deutschland", 2 Jul 2016 (inaturalist.org/observations/67902729 by Felix Riegel in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [!, on Achillea sp.]).

Berlin (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

Brandenburg (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

Hessen / Hesse / Hessia

Main-Kinzig-Kreis: "prope Hanau [Frankfurt am Main, N 50° 8' 0'' E 8° 55' 0''] (leg. Clemençon)!" (Beck 1890: 126, loc. class. of O. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha).

North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen:

Blankenheim: Blankenheim, Eifel (D), 31-7-1984 (Kreutz 1995: 43, photo!); "bei Marsberg ... 1989" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 40 Abb20!, 109 Abb. 105!).

Rhineland-Palatinate / Rheinland-Pfalz

Alzey-Worms: "Wöllstein, Hunsrück (D), 1-7-1989" (Kreutz 1995: 43, photo!).

Saxony / Sachsen / Sajonia

Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge: "Burg Stolpen" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 40 Abb19!).

"Germania: Bitch, Strassburg, Heidelberg, Kelheim, Coblenz, Würzburg, Giessen, Aschaffenburg, München, Prenzlau, Berlin etc." (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); "Deutschland!: Baden (Heidelberg), Hessen (Gießen), Rheinland (Elberfeld, Goblenz, Saarlouis), Bayern (Aschaffenburg, Würzburg, Kelheim, München), Prov. Sachsen (Halberstadt), Brandenburg (Berlin, Lychen, Prenzlau), Schleswig etc." (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea).

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Great Britain / Gran Bretańa / Grande-Bretagne / Großbritannien [United Kingdom] (Smith 1796-1797: 423 [t. 423], sub O. caerulea; Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea; Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 261, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]; Sell & Murrell 2009: 503; Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 114-118, 116 map, sub P. purpurea)

Channel Islands / Îles Anglo-Normandes / Îles de la Manche (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea)

Channel Islands: "Orobanche caerulea Vill. / Herb. J. Gay. / Presented by Dr. Hooker, February 1868. / Ile de Jersey.- Lagasca dedit / Aug. 1832. - Il existe aussi en Angleterra / (Smith Engl. Fl. II. p. 149)" (K 000759342; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2012 [the sheet contains four specimens (each of them next to its label), three of them correspond to P. purpurea from Jersey (specimens of Lagasga and Stevens) and the fourth (the Besser's specimen) seems to correspond to P. arenaria from Podolien[?] (see also P. arenaria)]); "795 / Orobanche arenaria Bork. / Loc. Saint Martin [?] / Co. Jersey / June 1853 / Coll. & Comm. by John T. Syme, London / Botanical Society of London" (P 04392703; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017); "Stevens / Orobanche arenaria / Bork. / On Achillea Millefolium / Near St Saviour's church, Jersey, / August. 1881" (K 000759343; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2012); "Jersey! und Alderney!" (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea); "the Channel Islands in 1839 (Marquand 1901) ... Guernsey" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 261, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]; Sell & Murrell 2009: 503).

England / Inglaterra / Angleterre (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea)

East of England: "It grows in hilly pastures on the north coast of Norfolk, flowering in July. A single specimen was found in 1779 by a Mr. Scarles near Northreps [Northrreps], and several more last year near Sheringham by Mr. W. Skrimshire of Wisbeach; ours was gathered by the Rev. Mr. Sutton at Beeston near Cromer" (Smith 1796-1797: 423 [t. 423]; Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea); "Norfolk in 1779 ... Suffolk in 1828 ... Orobanche purpurea has always been found on Achillea millefolium Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire ... Norfolk ... Lincolnshire ... Eastfield Road, N. Killingholme" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]).

North West of England: "near Senhouse Dock, Maryport, Cumbria" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 261, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]).

South East England: "John Goodyer's 1621 Hampshire ... Isle of Wight in 1841 by Bromfield ... Stoke in Hampshire ... CGE (20.6.1903, Shedfield) ... Isle of Wight ... Sandown area" (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 261-262, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]); "The Kent station ... Bishopsbourne" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 262, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]).

Wales / Gales

South West Wales: Pembrokeshire, "Pembrokeshire and Dorsetshire to Lincolnshire and in the Channel Islands" (Sell & Murrell 2009: 503).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas (Grisebach 1844: 59, loc. class. of Phelypaea coerulea var. ciliaris; Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Strid & Tan 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea) [distribution needs to be confirmed]

Continental Greece / Στερεά Ελλάδα / Stereá Elláda

Attica / Αττική

Mount Pentelicus / Pentelikon / Pendeli / Πεντέλη: "Hab. in Anthemide Austriacâ [Anthemis austriaca Jacq.] ad cacumen montis Pentelici (leg. Sart!)" (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "Graecia: In cacumine montis Pentelikon (leg. Sartori)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "Attica: mt. Pentelicon (Sartori!)" (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "Sterea Ellas [Central Greece - Rumelia]: Pendeli (G. Beck loc. cit.)" (Strid & Tan 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Phthiotis / Φθιώτιδα: "Timfristos!" (Strid & Tan 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki / Halkidiki / Χαλκιδική: "In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άθως / Agion Oros / Άγιον Όρος, Athonite State / Αθωνική]: in sylvis pr. Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie!" (Grisebach 1844: 59, loc. class. of Phelypaea coerulea var. ciliaris; Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. ciliaris); "Macedonia in Athone (Griseb.)" (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "North East: Athos (Grisebach op. cit.)" (Strid & Tan 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Pieria / Πιερία: Pindus Mountain Range / Pindos / Pindhos / Πίνδος [see Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják]: "Graecia: in Pindo Tymphaeo (Hausskn.)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "In herbidis. Thessalia: pr. Klinovo in Pindo tymphaeo (Haussk.!)" (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "N Pindhos: Petra Likou [Pétra] W of Milea! ... (G. Beck loc. cit.)" (Strid & Tan 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Crete / Κρήτη / Creta [unconfirmed] (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea)

"Creta (Sibth.)" (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "?Cr" (Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea); "Creta ... Beck" (Strid & Tan 1991: 269 sub O. purpurea).

Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη

Drama / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Δράμας: "Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Greece: Dráma, Falakron, 2,0 km NW Dendrakia 1990-06-14, leg.: Willing, R. & Willing, E. 10276, 1990-06-14, det. E. Willing" (B 10 0682850 - jacq.org/detail.php?ID=810840 [n.v.]).

Ionian Islands Region / Περιφέρεια Ιονίων Νήσων

Cephalonia / Kefalonia / Κεφαλονιά / Κεφαλλονιά: "Cephalonia (Unger)" (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea).

North Aegean / Περιφέρεια Βορείου Αιγαίου

Samos: "Is: Samos, Fors.-Maj. 397." (Gilli 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Peloponnese / Περιφέρεια Πελοποννήσου

"Peloponnesus (Sibth.): mt. Ithome Messeniae [Messenia] (Friedr.), mt. Kupe (Chaub.)" (Beck 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "Peloponnisos: Mt. Ithome and Mt. Kupe (G. Beck loc. cit.)" (Strid & Tan 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Thessaly / Θεσσαλία

Trikala / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Τρικάλων: "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209308: Greece, Southern Pindos, province Trikálon, Kóziakas [Δήμος Κόζιακα] (Kerkétion Oros), NNE of Eláti, steep westerly slopes below the southern summit, 1640-1800 m, on Achillea holosericea (Asteraceae), WG (Herb. Gutermann 35589)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 12, sub P. purpurea s.l.).

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Hungary / Hungría / Magyarország (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea)

Central Hungary / Közép-Magyarország

Pest County: Visegrád, 2025 Magyarország [47°47'20.3"N 18°58'18.9"E] (inaturalist.org/observations/82266187 by Zoltán Stekkelpak in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021).

"Hungaria: Pressburg, N. Podhrad, Gran, circa Budapesth, Gr. Maros, Grosswardein etc." (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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India / Indien / Индия / 印度 [n.v.] (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea)

"In Ostindien: bei Jangla zwischen Tihri [Tehri Garhwal district] und Garhwäl [Garhwal division, Uttarakhand] (Duthie n. 528!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); "Himalayas" (Jafri 2011, sub O. purpurea in Flora of Pakistan Online - efloras.org).

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Iran / Irán / Иран [Persia] (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea; Gilli 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. garhwalensis, 304, sub O. purpurea f. purpurea et sub O. purpurea var. spitzelii [usually, he never refers to host-plants, so their determinations must be confirmed]; Yousefi & al. 2013: 694, sub O. purpurea)

Alborz Province: "Persia: C: Qazv.: Kuh Dashteh [N 35°48′08″ E 51°05′28″] prope Karŕj [Karaj County], 2500 m, Gauba 737!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea).

East Azerbaijan Province [Iranian Azerbaijan]: "In montibus Talüsch [Talish Mountains / Talüsch / Talysch / Talyseh] prope pagum Limar [Gora Limar, Yardymli District, Azerbaijan?] (alt. 500 hexap.)" (Meyer 1931: 104, sub P. coerulea mihi); "Persien: am Caspischen Meere [Caspian Sea] (Hohenacker!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); "Talish: Swant [Talish Mountains, prope pagum Zuvant / Zuvand], Hohen." (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea).

Gilan Province [the North is part of Talysh territory]: "Persia: N: Gilan: in montibus inter Asalem (Navrud) et Khalkhal (Herowabad), 1900-2300 m, Rech. 43488" (Gilli 1979: 304, sub O. purpurea var. spitzelii).

West Azerbaijan Province: "Persia: W: Azerb.: in jugo Qushchi [Gardaneh-ye Qūshchī] inter Shahpur [Salmas] et Rezaiyeh [Urmia], 1600-1850 m, Rech. 41932" (Gilli 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. garhwalensis); "Persia: W: Azerb.: in jugo S.E. Shahpur [Salmas], 1750 m, Petrovitz 59" (Gilli, 1979: 304, sub O. purpurea f. purpurea).

Zanjan Province [Iranian Azerbaijan]: "Orobanche purpurea Jacq., on A. wilhelmsii plants in two locations in province of Zanjan (Zanjan, 36°37′19.85″ N, 48°27′16.87″ E, 1,707.4 m elevation, and Qolabar [Golabar Rural District], 36°19′19.85″ N, 48°19′16.41″ E, 1,663.9 m elevation) in northwestern Iran in May 2012" (Yousefi & al. 2013: 694, sub O. purpurea).

"Persiâ boreali (Bge!)" (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Bertoloni 1846: 449, sub O. caerulea; Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica et K. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea)

Apulia / Puglia (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Foggia (FG): "Gargano, Puglie" (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Basilicata (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Potenza (PZ): "Basil." (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica); "Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Reut. / Orobanchaceae: Succiamele ramoso / La Sellata (PZ), 1350 m, giu 2013" (photos 3225 [sub P. mutelii 59734_273301.jpg, 59734_273306.jpg, 59734_273298.jpg, 59734_273308.jpg] by Franco Caldararo in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014 [the specimens correspond to P. purpurea]).

Campania [unconfirmed, see Phelypaea caerulea var. millefolii]

Naples (NA): "di Buceto [Buceto (water spring), Insula Inarime / Ischia island] ad radices Achilleae ligusticae, sola var. b." (Gussone 1855: 250, sub Phelypaea caerulea var. millefolii); "Ischia (var. spitzelii)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea; Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. spitzelii); "Nap. ... Capri [unconfirmed, see P. rosmarina]" (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica).

Emilia-Romagna

Forlě-Cesena (FC): "Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel // Orobanche ramosa L. // Orobancaceae / Forli' (FC), 34 m, mag 2012 (floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=46931 [215568, 215569, 215577, 215578] by Eugenia Bugni in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.]).

Parma (PR): "Parma" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Ravenna (RA): "Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják / Orobanchaceae: Orobanche purpurea Ortazzino (RA), 0 m, mag 2011" (photo 32988_155854 by Daniele Saiani in Acta Plantarum; accessed Dec 2014).

Lombardia

Brescia (BS): "BS" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Provinz Brescia: Val Camonica und an der Grenze des Bearbeitungsgebietes in der Ebene südlich Brescia" (Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea); Bompensiero [Villachiara] (BS), mag 2008 ... su Artemisia verlotiorum (id=10865 - Phelipanche_arenaria_97a5efd7.jpg, id=10375 - Phelipanche_arenaria_1ed7648f.jpg and id=10377 - Phelipanche_arenaria_361d073b.jpg by di Franco Giordana, sub P. arenaria, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea [yellowish form]).

Como (CO): Como (CO): Erba (CO), 250 m, giu 2014 (floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=63799 by Ettore Guarnaroli, sub Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Reut., in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.); "CO" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Lecco (LC): "Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják / Orobanchaceae: Orobanche purpurea / Olgiate Molgora (LC), 300 m, giu 2012 [apparently parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris L. (cf.)]" (floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=40286 [187217, 187218, 187219...] by Emma Silviana Mauri in Acta Plantarum; accessed Dec 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris]).

Sondrio (SO): "Bormio" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "SO" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); 23030 Chiuro [46°10'13.9"N 9°59'53.1"E], 30 May 2021 (inaturalist.org/observations/80918458 by Danilo Miozzari in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021).

Varese (VA): "Provincia di Varese, Parco Valle del Lanza [45°47'54.6"N 8°52'25.2"E]", 8 Jun 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/48934498 - gbif.org/occurrence/2641414251 by Mirko Tomasi in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2014 [the specimen corresponds to P. purpurea!, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris]).

Marche

Ascoli Piceno (AP): "in Mte. Vettore supra St. Gemma agri Pisani" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "Marche sul M. Vettore" (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica).

Pesaro e Urbino (PU): "Habui ex districtu Urbinati in monte Cupiolo [Montecopiolo], et Villa grande [Villagrande] ab Azzabolio" (Bertoloni 1846: 449, sub O. caerulea).

Piedmont / Piemonte / Piemont (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea)

Cuneo (CN): "CN" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Torino (TO): "TO" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Valle di Susa, comune di Meana di Susa (TO), dosso a NNE della frazione le Combe, 630 m, 1° giugno 2010. Leg. A. Soldano, D. Bouvet, det. G. Domina (hb. TO)... Si tratta di una specie molto rara in Piemonte ove la massima presenza si riscontra proprio in Valle di Susa ove č stata per la prima volta citata da Re (1805) tra Foresto di Bussoleno e S. Giuliano di Susa col sinonimo Phelipaea caerulea A. Meyer. In hb. TO sono presenti due altre raccolte inedite: Mompantero (Leg. E. Ferrari, 11 giugno 1901) e Cesana alla “Polveriera dietro le casermette” (sine coll., 19 luglio 1915)" (Soldano & al. 2011: 395, sub O. purpurea); "Val di Susa, comune di Bardonecchia (TO), salita alla Croce di Chabričre, 1590 m, esp. S., 1590 m, 7 luglio 2013. Obs. A. Selvaggi (foto A. Selvaggi); 2) comune di Bussoleno (TO), da Pian Colore scendendo verso Foresto, 530 m, esp. S, 20 giugno 2014. Obs. A. Selvaggi (foto A. Selvaggi)" (Palazzolo & al. 2015: 300-301, sub O. purpurea); Bruere, Metropolitan City of Turin [45°05'01.4"N 7°33'13.7"E], 9 May 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/45366365 by Pasquale Ceres in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021 [apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris]); Parco Fluviale del Po, Moncalieri [45°00'49.3"N 7°40'14.7"E]", Metropolitan City of Turin, 10 Jun 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/49104215 - gbif.org/occurrence/2641445519 by Alberto Tamietti in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021 [ apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris]); Venaria Reale, Metropolitan City of Turin [45°07'41.5"N 7°38'54.6"E], 4 Jun 2021 (inaturalist.org/observations/81570438 by Letizia del Giudice in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021 [apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris]).

Verbano-Cusio-Ossola (VB): "Valli dell’Ossola, Valle Dčvero, comune di Baceno (VB), dosso a NO di Oresso sotto croce di legno 785, 775 m, esp. S, 24 maggio 2007. Leg. et det. A. Antonietti (hb. Antonietti). Valli dell’Ossola, Valle Divedro: 1) comune di Trasquera (VB), tra Valdo e Ai Piani a valle della strada per Bugliaga di dentro, 1330 m, esp. SO, 8 luglio 2009. Leg. et det. A. Antonietti (hb. Antonietti); 2) comune di Trasquera (VB), monti a valle della strada da Trasquera a Bugliaga dopo il Ponte del Diavolo, 1235 m, esp. S, 5 giugno 2012. Leg. et det. A. Antonietti (hb. Antonietti)" (Antonietti & Dellavedova 2013: 415-416, sub O. purpurea).

Vercelli (VC): "Vercelli+Biella" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Sicilia / Sicily [unconfirmed]

Messina (ME): "Salina nelle Eolie" (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica [unconfirmed]).

Toscana (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Florence (FI): "Firenze" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Livorno (LI): "Cal. ed isole de Capria" (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica [unconfirmed, see P. rosmarina]); Livorno (LI), 20 m, mag 2011 (photos 32499 [32499_153443, 32499_153445, 32499_153446, 32499_153447 et 32499_153452] by Valerio Lazzeri, sub P. arenaria, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.]).

Pisa (PI): M. Pisano [Monte Pisano, Subappennino toscano] (PI), giu 2005 (photos 8730_39730 by Brunello Pierini, sub P. purpurea, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.); Coltano (PI), 0 m, giu 2013 (photos 50433_231782 et 50433_231784 by Alessio Pierotti, sub P. purpurea, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens may correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.]).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol [unconfirmed, see P. purpurea subsp. bohemica (Zázvorka 2000: 487)*]

Bolzano – Alto Adige / Bozen – Südtirol (BZ): "Süd-Tirol (Brixen [Bressanone], Bozen [Bolzano], ... !)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); "BZ" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Trento / Trentino (TN):  "... Riva [Riva del Garda]!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); "ex Tyroli Italico in Fiemme [Fiemme Valley] sub Tesero prope Capriana a Facchinio" (Bertoloni 1846: 449, sub O. caerulea); "TN" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Provinz Trento: z. B. bei Mezzana im Val di sole [Sulzberg], um Trient [Trento] und Mt. Baldo bei S. Valentino" (Pusch & Günther 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Valle d'Aosta / Vallée d'Aoste (AO): "AO" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Diffusa nella media valle centrale dalla conca di Saint-Vincent a quella di Arvier !; anche in V. di Cogne a Pondel (Vust) e tra il ponte di Laval e Crétaz [Valtournenche] (Vaccari, Maillefer & Wilczek - FI, Domina det.) e nella V. del G.S.Bernardo, a monte di Gignod (Vaccari - FI, Domina det.; Bovio, AO !) e sopra Saint-Oyen (Bovio, Broglio & Galbiati, 2014 - Hb Bovio, Domina det.). Osservata fino a 1715 m.", AO-N.SFV-2756: Verrayes, 2012 - Bovio det., Domina conf. (photos 5430.0030-03.jpg, 5430.0030-06.jpg and 5430.0030-05.jpg [the three photos correspond to P. arenaria]; 5430.0030-01.jpg [the photo corresponds to P. nana]; 5430.0030-02.jpg and 5430.0030-04.jpg [the photos seem to correspond to P. purpurea subsp. bohemica] by M. Broglio, sub Phelipanche purpurea 1306-102 in 2018 Société de la Flore Valdôtaine; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2018).

Veneto

Padova (PD): "nei C. Euganei [Colli Euganei] (Bizz. [Bizzozero])" (Beck 1890: 126, loc. class. of O. caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz.; "Venetia (non vidi)", loc. class. of O. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck); Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha; Beck 1930: 110, sub O. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha).

Verona (VR): "37067 Valeggio sul Mincio [45°22'05.6"N 10°46'15.3"E]", 17 May 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/46231394 by Chiaramonte family in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [cf. the specimens seems to correspond to P. nana]).

Vicenza (VI) [unconfirmed]: "T. de Lavoro [Del Lavoro?]" (Béguinot 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica).

"Italia: Piernont, Firenze, in Mte. Vettore supra St. Gemma agri Pisani, Bormio, Ischia (var. spitzelii), Capri, Parma, in valle Ruegras (var. spitzelii leg. Rostan) in alpibus Cotticis (var. bohemica leg. Rostan)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Note: P. purpurea subsp. bohemica "Obtížně odlišitelná od morfotypů P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parazitujícíh na Artemisia vulgaris (Difficult to distinguish from P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parasitizing on Artemisia vulgaris [and A. verlotiorum])" (Zázvorka 2000: 487).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban [unconfirmed, see P. libanotica] (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea)

"Libano (Boiss! Noe!)" (Boissier 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "Syrien: auf dem Libanon (nach Boissier, nicht gesehen)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea)

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Luxembourg / Luxemburgo / Lëtzebuerg / Luxemburg

"Dondelange, Kehlen [49°41'23.4"N 6°01'18.1"E], Lëtzebuerg, LU", 3 Jun 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/48329060 by Jean-Paul Wolff by Jean-Paul Wolff in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [!, on Achillea sp.]); "Remich [49°33'36.6"N 6°14'09.2"E, Verbrannte Bësch, Dalheim], Grevenmacher, Luxembourg", 21 Jun 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/50402430 by Bee Together; accessed Feb 2021 [!, on Achillea sp.]); "Aischen, Habscht [49°40'38.5"N 5°53'19.1"E, Hafferbesch], Lëtzebuerg, LU", 22 Jul 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/53947567 by Jean-Paul Wolff in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [!, on Achillea sp.]); "BK_653708006_M1_Stra_003" et "BK_653708006_M1_Stra_004" (Turpel & Walisch 2021) (gbif.org/occurrence/3019453490 et gbif.org/occurrence/3019460498 [n.v.]).

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Montenegro / Crna Gora [Black Mountain] / Црна Гора (Rohlena 1942)

Podgorica Capital City / Glavni grad Podgorica / Главни град Подгорица: Lake Skadar by Rudy Claeys (observation.org/locations/252251/observations/?species=2660&...2014-05-13 [n.v.] in Observation.org; accessed Feb 2021).

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Netherlands / Nederlanden / Países Bajos (Eeden 1889: 1412, loc. class. of Orobanche rhenana; Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea)

South Holland / Zuid-Holland: "Groeiplaats. Ontdekt door den Gerlof van Vloten, Lit. Cand. en mij, in Julij 1887, ter zijde van het Mallegat bij Katwijk [South Holland, Netherlands], aan den rand van een zandig aardappelland, op Achillea Millefolium" (Eeden 1889: 1412, loc. class. of Orobanche rhenana); "In Süd-Öland nach Sterver in Svensk bot. Tidskr. XVIII. (1924) 465" (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea); "Noordwijk aan Zee" (Kreutz 1995: 43, photo!); Netherlands (photo by Rogier van Vugt in Flora of the Netherlands, sub O. purpurea); "... Orobanche purpurea / Leg.: W.J. Holverda ... / 6 juni 2014 ... / Nabij Noordwijkerhout, in linkerberm (vanaf Noordwijk) N206 [52°15'36.0"N 4°29'44.0"E] ..." (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.3974531 - L 3974531.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/2515076239; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2021).

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North Macedonia / Република Северна Македонија / Македонија / Mazedonien / Macédoine [former Socialist Republic of Macedonia (Yugoslavia / Jugoslavia)] [unconfirmed]

Mavrovo and Rostuše Municipality / Општина Маврово и Ростушe / Mavrova ve Rostuşa Belediyesi: 1. "Flora Exsiccata Macedonica / Korab: od dolina Korab (bačilo) kon Kobilino / pole [41°46'56.0"N 20°34'10.0"E], 1800 m. n. v., / 19.07.2003 leg. Z. Nikolov". – 2. "Phelipanche purpurea s.l. / 2021 det. G.M. Schneeweiss, WV" (WU 0122207 - jacq.org/detail.php?ID=1712577 - gbif.org/occurrence/3079416308; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2021 [apparently, parasitizing Artemisia campestris cf. P. purpurea subsp. bohemica]).

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Pakistan / Pakistán / Paquistán / Пакистан / 巴基斯坦 [n.v.] (Jafri 2011, sub O. purpurea in Flora of Pakistan Online - efloras.org)

Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas): "B-8 Baltistan: Skardu to Gol, 26.6.55, E. Nasir & G.L. Webster 5871 (RAW)" (Jafri 2011, sub O. purpurea).

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 31, sub O. purpurea; Piwowarczyk 2012: 73-81, sub O. purpurea)

"znalezisko 20090618.1.rpw - Orobanche purpurea (zaraza niebieska) · Chrzanów · (leg. det. Renata Piwowarczyk)" (photos in www.atlas-roslin.pl; accessed Dec 2014).

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Portugal (Chater & Webb 1972: 289, "?Lu", sub O. purpurea)

P. purpurea was also recorded from Portugal by Sampaio 1947: 499, sub Kopsia purpurea, "(Artemisia crithmifolia Lin.). 5-7. Norte"; Franco 1984: 277, sub O. purpurea, "Epífito em Artemisia spp. e Leontodon sp. NW. ocid. e CW. aren."; Foley 2001: 46, sub O. purpurea, ["Mi?"]; Domingues de Almeida 2003: 59 ["DL", "Mi"]; Sequeira & al. 2011: 46, sub O. purpurea, but these records seem to correspond to P. arenaria (Aedo & al. 1997: 338, sub O. purpurea; Carlón & al. 2002: 11, sub O. purpurea).

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Romania / Rumania / România (Beck 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis; Beck 1890: 128, loc. class. of Orobanche purpurea var. hirsuta; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea)

Caraș-Severin County: "Rarius: Vidi ex Hungaria prope pagum Lagos [Lugoj, Timiș County, Banat, Romania] comit. Krassó [Krassó-Szörény County / Caraş-Severin was an administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary], leg. Heuffel (herb. Háynald)" (Beck 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis); "Banatus (Oravitza [Oravița])" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Cluj County: "Mărișel [46°40'04.6"N 23°06'35.6"E]", 9 Jul 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/52867150 by Adina Kira in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021).

Transsylvania

"Rare. Transsilvania : Prope Boos Comit. [County / Comitatus)] Kolos [Cluj County / Kolozs megye, Nord-Vest] leg. Frey n (vidi in herb. suo). In herb. Petrop. (leg. Fische r — unde ?)." (Beck 1890: 128, loc. class. of O. purpurea var. hirsuta); "Transsylvania (V. Hunyad [Hunedoara County, Vest], Sard prope Karlsburg [Alba Iulia, Centru], Klausenburg [Cluj-Napoca, Nord-Vest], prope arcem Deva [Hunedoara County, Vest], Rodna [Kreis Bistrița-Năsăud / Bistrița-Năsăud County, Nord-Vest] etc.)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Russia / Россия / Rusia / Russie / Russland (Ledebour 1849: 312, sub P. caerulea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[42], sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Tzvelev 1981 [2001]: 448-449, sub O. purpurea)

Central Federal District / Центральный федеральный округ / Tsentralny federalny okrug [the location needs be confirmed]

"Center (Upper Volga: town of Rozhdestveno on the Nara River; Volga-Don)" (Tzvelev 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea); "Восточная Европа, Центральный лесостепной район (Россия) [Eastern Europe, Central Forest-Steppe District (Russia)]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0514093 - MW 0514093.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [the specimen corresponds to P. arenaria]).

North Caucasian Federal District / Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ [locations need be confirmed]

Dagestan / Daghestan / Республика Дагестан (formerly Дагестанская АССР / Dagestan SSSR): "Daghestan: in trockenen Wiesen bei Temie-Chan Schura 517 m ü. M. im Mai und bei Petrowsk (Alexeenko!), Derbent [Дербент] (Becker!), Gub. Jelisawetpol bei Geriussy (Lipsky!), Mahmutli (Bayern!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); "... / Orobanche purpurea ... / ... Буйнакский район [Buynaksky District] ... 16.VII.1934  А.Г. Воронов [A.G. Woronow]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717051 - MW 0717051.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021); Orobanche arenaria Borkh. 17.05.1970. Собр. А. Гаджиомаров [Coll. A. Gadzhiomarov] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723409 - MW 0723409.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017 [the specimens correspond to P. purpurea]); "Верхушка соцветия. Дагестан, Табасаранский р-н [Tabasaran district], 4 км к северо-востоку от с. Дарваг [Darvag, 42°03'09.0"N 48°06'48.0"E], поляна в дубовом лесу (паразитирует на Achillea nobilis). 3 июня 2019 г." (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/618454, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/618455 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/618456 by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2019 in Plantarium; accessed Feb 2021 [MW 1008943]); "... Tabasaranskiy district, 4 km NE Darvag, ... parasitizing on Achillea nobilis / ... 42°00'01"N 48°00'17"E / 3.VI.2019 / Leg. Fateryga A.V., Fateryga V.V. (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1008943 - MW 1008943.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021); "Каспийск [Kaspiysk, 42°53'41.3"N 47°38'14.8"E], Респ. Дагестан", 16 May 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/46328784 - gbif.org/occurrence/2626591600 by mallaliev in iNaturalist; accessed Feb 2021 [on Achillea sp.]).

Kabardino-Balkar Republic / Кабардино-Балкарская Республика: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche mutelii / F. Schultz / Кавказ [Caucasus], Кабардино-Балкарская [Kabardino-Balkaria], / по линии ж.д. Налъчикт-докшуыино [along the railway line of Nalchik-Dokshukino], 11 июня 1928 [11.06.1923] / Собр. A. Щукини [I. Schukin] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717027 - MW 0717027.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [the specimen corresponds to P. purpurea]); "Terek: am Flusse Baksan bei Atashukino [Atazhukino, Baksansky District / Баксанский район], Terskol 2100 m ü. M. im Juli (Alexeenko!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); 1. "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / ... / 2.VII ...". . – 2. "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis / Сев. Кавказ [North Caucasus] / ... Каб-Бал [Кабардино-Балкария] / 1947 г. Собр. А.Я. Орлов [A.YA. Orlov]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717047 - MW 0717047.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

Karachay-Cherkess Republic / Карачаево-Черкесская Республика: "Ciskaukasien: im Gub. Kuban: im Tale des Flusses Teberda auf dem Berge Popowa gora, im Juli (E.A. Endourowa!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); "14.VII.1932. Кавказ [Caucasus]. Теберда [Teberda, Карачаевский район / Karachayevsky District] / [Leg.] Арсеньев В.А. [Arsenyev V.A.]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723325 - MW 0723325.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2021); "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche mutelii F. Schultz / Карачаево-Черкесия, / Карачаевский р-н [Karachayevsky District], окр. города / Теберда [Teberda], долина реки Джамагат‚ / правый берег. На лугу. / N.ş 7140  17 июля 2009 г. [17 Jul 2009] / Leg. А.С. Зернов, С.А. Сенатор [A.S. Zernov, S.A. Senator] / Det. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov]  ! N. Tzvelev 2010" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717028 - MW 0717028.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimen corresponds to P. purpurea]); Карачаево-Черкесия (Zernov [Зернов] & al. 2015: 379; accessed and rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2018, sub O. mutelii [the photo corresponds to P. purpurea] and sub O. purpurea [the photo corresponds to P. arenaria]); "Цветущее растение (паразитирует на Achillea sp.). Карачаево-Черкесия, окр. пос. Теберда [Teberda], сухой склон. 04.06.2015" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/408342 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/408343 by Сергей Банкетов [Sergey Banketov] 2015 in Plantarium; accessed Feb 2021); "... Orobanche lanuginosa ... / ... Карачаевский р-н [Karachayevsky District], / Верхняя Мара [Verkhnyaya Mara] ... / 43°46'48.0"N 42°12'18.0"E / 1 июня 2018 г. / Собр. Козаев Н.Б. [Kozaev N.B.] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1008930-1 - MW1008930-1.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [the specimen corresponds to P. purpurea]); "... Orobanche lanuginosa ... / Карачаевский р-н [Karachayevsky District], / ... им. Коста Хетагурова [Imeni Kosta Khetagurova], Шоанинский храм [Shoaninskiy Khram], / 43°48'14.4"N 41°53'27.6"E / / 1 июня 2018 г. / Собр. Дубровская А.Д. [Dubrovskaya A.D.]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1008930-2 - MW1008930-2.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [the specimens correspond to P. purpurea]); "Верхушка цветущего растения. Карачаево-Черкесия, Зеленчукский р-н [Zelenchuksky district], окр. пос. Архыз [Arkhyz], хребет Абишира-Ахуба [Abishir-Akhuba ridge, 43°33'23.2"N 41°10'12.5"E], южный склон пер. Федосеева, ≈ 1920 м н.у.м., сосновое редколесье. 29.07.2018" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/601928 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/601807 by Богдан Крыжатюк [Bogdan Kryzhatyuk] 2019, det. Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] in Plantarium; accessed Feb 2021).

Republic of North Ossetia-Alania / Республика Северная Осетия-Алания: Северо-Осетинская АССР. 21.VI-1976 [North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717050 - MW 0717050.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. owerinii]); Северная Осетия. Кабардино-Сунженский хребт [Kabardino-Sunshenskiy Ridge / Сунженский Хребет / Sunzhenski Khrebet] ... [west of the village of] Старый Батакоюрт [Staryy Batakoyurt / Батако / Batako] / ... 400 m / 24.06.1992 Николаев И.А. [Nikolayev I. A.] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717049 - MW 0717049.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018).

Stavropol Krai / Ставропольский край: "Herbarium horti botanici Universitatis Mosquensis. / Orobanche caerulea Vill. / ... на Achillea millefolium. / ... / ... [near Yessentuki / Ессентуки?] / 21 мая 1902 г. Собр. И. Новопокровский [Coll. I. Novopokrovsky]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717043 - MW 0717043.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "bei Kislowodsk [Кисловодск] 1290 m — 4300' ü. M. im Juni (Akinfiew!), bei Stawropol [Stavropol / Ставрополь], im Juni (Norman und Akinfiew!), Mineralny wody [Mineralnye Vody / Минеральные Воды] (Lipsky!) bei 600 m ü. M." (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); Ставропольский край, 17.VII.1955 (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717048 - MW 0717048.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [atypical specimens]); Предгорный р-н [Predgorny District], Ставропольский край [44°05'26.7"N 43°12'52.9"E, near Nizhnepodkumskiy / Нижнеподкумский] 6 Jun 2018 (inaturalist.org/observations/78371558 by Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич [Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich] in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021 [on Achillea sp.?]); Пятигорск [Pyatigorsk], Ставропольский край [44°03'48.9"N 43°05'44.2"E], 9 Jun 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/78373772 by Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич [Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich] in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2021 [on Artemisia sp.?]).

Southern Federal District / Южный федеральный округ [formerly known as North Caucasian Federal District]

Republic of Adygea / Адыгэ Республик / Adyghe Republic / Республика Адыгея: "Caucasus: All regions" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[42], sub O. purpurea).

Krasnodar Krai / Краснодарский край / Krasnoyarsk Krai / Krasnoyarsky kray / Krasnodarsky kray / Кубань / Kuban: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / Краснодарский кр., Таманский п-ов [Taman Peninsula], окр. станицы Голубицкая [Golubitskaya, Temryuksky District / Темрюкский район], луг на песчано-галечном пляже Азовского моря 5.07.2003. Собр. Зернов А.С. [Zernov A.S.], № 2636" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717041 - MW 0717041.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2021 [cf. P. arenaria]); "Temnoleskaja [Temnolesskaya / Темнолесская] (Akinfiew!)" (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); Orobanche (caerulea) [?] Кардывач [Ozero Kardyvach] ... [Кавказский зап-к (Caucasian West)] 23.07. leg. V. Miller / det. А. Зернов [A. Zernov], 19.03.2004 (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717042 - MW 0717042.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Анапский р-н [Anapsky District, 44°59'54.7"N 37°13'48.2"E], Краснодарский край", 19 jun. 2011 (inaturalist.org/observations/69361607 by elenasuslova in iNaturalist.org; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2021 [P. arenaria]); Orobanche mutelii F. Schultz, Краснодарский край, Большой Сочи [Greater Sochi], 04.06.2016, leg. Шепелева Е.А. [Shepeleva E.A.], N.ş 72 (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1003792 - MW 1003792.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2018 [atypical branched specimen apparently parasitizing on Artemisia vulgaris]); "Цветущее растение, паразитирующее на Achillea. Краснодарский край, окр. г. Новороссийск [Novorossiysk], окр. пос. Гайдук [Gayduk], Маркотхский хр. [Markotkh Ridge], низ юго-западного отрога второго порядка (трансаккумулятивный ландшафт), опушка дубово-грабинникового леса на каменистых серо-коричневых почвах, подстилаемых верхнемеловыми мергелями. 30.05.2019" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/615478, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/615479, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/615480, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/615481 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/615482 by Анна Малыхина [Anna Malykhina] 2019 in Plantarium; accessed Feb 2021); "Новокубанск [Novokubansk, 45°06'21.2"N 41°03'19.0"E], Краснодарский край", 31 May 2020 (inaturalist.org/observations/47977831 by Irina Irinina in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [on Achillea sp.]).

Volgograd Oblast / Волгоградская область / Volgogradskaya oblast: "Orobanche coerulea Vill / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. Becker" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04393735 - P 04393735.jpg - hb. Th. Delacour - gbif.org/occurrence/464936519; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [cf. P. caesia]); "Phelipaea arenaria / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. A. Becker" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04215442 - P 04215442.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/474703068; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the sheet contains two specimens, only the left-side specimen is P. arenaria, the specimen on right-side of the sheet could be P. purpurea); "ex Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта], leg. Becker" (Beck 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis).

Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District / Приволжский федеральный округ

Bashkortostan Republic / Республика Башкортостан / Respublika Bashkortostan: "Orobanche / Башҡорт АССР [Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic] / плато Чуюнчи-Чупаново [Chuyunchi-Chupanovo] / 24.06.72 Тавасиев Р.А. [Tavasiev R.A.]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0514072 - MW 0514072.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018, P. purpurea).

"Rossia: In Gouverniis Orel, Tambow, Tauria (var. pareysi), Astrachan; in territorio Caucasico prope Derbent ad mare caspicum (leg. Becker)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "European USSR: Upper Dniester, Middle Dnieper, Volga-Don, Trans-Volga Region, (south-west), Bessarabia, Black Sea Region, Lower Don, Lower Volga, Crimea. Caucasus: All regions." (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 45[42], sub O. purpurea); "Baltic (southeastern Estonia); Center (Upper Volga: town of Rozhdestveno on the Nara River; Volga-Don); West; East; Crimea. — In steppes, on dry herbaceous slopes, forest glades, scrublands; parasitizing species of Achilles L., less often species of Artemisia L., Pyrethrum Zinn. and Anthemis L." (Tzvelev 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea).

Krim / Crimea / Кримський півострів / Кримський полуостров / Tauric Peninsula (see Crimean Peninsula)

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Serbia / Srbija / Србија (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea; Kojić & al. 2001: 80, sub O. purpurea)

Belgrade / Београд / Beograd: "Serbia: in Mte. Avala [Авала] prope Belgrad" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Vojvodina / Војводина: "Banatus (Panczova [Pančevo / Панчево])" (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Zlatibor District / Златиборски округ / Zlatiborski okrug: "Kamena Gora [43°17'21.9"N 19°33'24.5"E], Serbien", 16 Jun 2018 (inaturalist.org/observations/36785846 by anaarenaria in iNaturalist.org; accessed Feb 2021 [!, apparently on Achillea sp.]).

"Serbia:... Mt. Rtanj Serbiae meridionalis, Supovac, Kusovac, Kragujevac (hb. Pančić), in agro Nissano (Petrovic)" (Beck 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Slovakia / Slovensko / Eslovaquia / Slowakei (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972: 289, sub O. purpurea)

"Slovakei (Schemnitz!)" (Beck 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea).

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Slovenia / Slovenija / Eslovenia / Slowenien (Beck 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Chater & Webb 1972