Óscar SÁNCHEZ PEDRAJA 1,  Gonzalo MORENO MORAL 2,  Luis CARLÓN 3,

Renata Piwowarczyk 4, Manuel LAÍNZ 5  &  Gerald M. SCHNEEWEISS 6

ISSN: 2386-9666

(September 2005  "onwards"  [last updated  23  June  2017]  -  2,2 MB)

 


Aeginetia - Anoplanthus - Anoplon - Aphyllon - Boschniakia - Boulardia - Catodiacrum - Ceratocalyx - Chorobanche - Christisonia - Cistanche - Conopholis - Diphelypaea - Epifagus - Gleadovia - Gymnocaulis - Haemodoron - Hyobanche - Kopsia - Kopsiopsis - Lathraea - Leptamnium - Loxanthes - Mannagettaea - Mylanche - Myzorrhiza - Orobanche - Orobanchella - PhacellanthusPhelipanche - Phelypaea [Phelipaea, Phelippaea, Phelypea, Phelipea, Phaelypaea, Phaelypae] - Platypholis - Thalesia - Tienmuia - Trionychon [Trionychion] - Xylanche - Other Genera of Orobanchaceae Vent. (1799) [nom. conserv.] in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Apr. 2009) – Host - References - Images – Authors - Advisers - Cite us - GBC - Edited by Óscar Sánchez Pedraja in Liérganes (Cantabria, Spain)


Aeginetia

Aeginetia L., Sp. Pl. 2: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Type Name: Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia sect. Aeginetia. Syn.: = Aeginetia sect. Euaeginetia Beck (1930)

Aeginetia sect. Euaeginetia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 17 (1930 [9 Sep 1930]), nom. inv. (Art 21.3 ICN)

Aeginetia sect. Pseudoaeginetia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 20 (1930 [9 Sep 1930])

Aeginetia abbreviata Buch.-Ham. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind.: 55 (1835 [17 Nov 1835]). Syn.: = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844 [12-14 Sept. 1844]). Syn.:  Orobanche acaulis Roxb. (1820); = Orobanche pedunculata Roxb. (1814), nom. nud.; = Aeginetia pedunculata Wall. (1831). Ind. loc.: "Found growing on the root of the China sugar cane, in the Botanic Garden at Calcutta [Kolkata, India], and in full blossom in September." (Roxburgh, 1820: 89). Ic.: a, Wallich, 1831: t. 219, sub A. pedunculata; b, f. 264, 9-11 in Flora of China.efloras.org. Herbarium specimens: K 001117749; K 001117748

Aeginetia boninensis Nakai in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 45: 134 (1931). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia coccinea (M. Bieb.) Juss. ex Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844), pro syn. Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Aeginetia coccinea Juss. ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 44 (1847), pro syn. Syn.: = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Aeginetia flava J. Parn. in Kew Bull. 67(1): 81 [-82 f. 1] (2012 [17 Mar 2012]). Type: "Thailand, Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao Nuea, 1,400-1,540 m, 26 Aug 2008, Harwood 2013 (holotypus TCD!; isotypus BKF!)" (Parnell, 2012: 81)

Aeginetia indica L., Sp. Pl. 2: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Syn.: Phelypaea indica (L.) Spreng. ex Steud. (1841); = Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zucc. (1835), nom. amb.; = Orobanche aeginetia L. (1763); = Aeginetia boninensis Nakai (1931); = Aeginetia saccharicola Bakh. (1933). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Malabaria [Malabar, S.W. India]". Type: "Rheede, Hortus Indicus Malabaricus 11: 97, t. 47. 1692 (lectotype)" (Parnell, 2001: 73). Ic.: a, Wight, 1846: t. 895 (Plant illustrations, accessed Apr. 2015); b, f. 264, 1-8 in Flora of China.efloras.org; c, PPBC 2306379 (accessed April 2017). Herbarium specimens: NY 00525349 ("Festland bei Hong Kong", C.V. Starr Virtual Herbarium, accessed Feb. 2010); NY 00089807. Obs. A. indica in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Apr 2009); USDA (accessed Apr. 2009); Flora of Pan-Himalayas (accessed Dec 2014)

Aeginetia indica var. boninensis (Nakai) H. Harr. in Enum. Sperm. Jap. 1: 286 (1948). Syn.:  Aeginetia boninensis Nakai (1931); = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia indica var. gracilis Nakai in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 45: 136[-137] (1931 [20 March 1931]). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zucc., Fl. Jap. 1: 17 (1835), nom. amb. Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zucc. in Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4(3): 141 (1846). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753). Type: "Type not located" (Parnell, 2001: 73)

Aeginetia kimurai Makino in Journ. Jap. Bot. 7 (3): 97 (1931). Syn.: = Aeginetia sinensis Beck (1930)

Aeginetia mairei H. Lév. in Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 199 (1916). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia mirabilis (Blume) Bakh. in Trop. Natuur 10: 156 (1921) ["in obs.; et in Trop. Natuur, No. 11, 172 (1921)"]. Obs. see Gbif 3728142

Aeginetia mpomii Letouzey in Adansonia sér. 2(7): 29 (1967). Type: Cameroon: A 45 Km au Sud Est de Linté, prčs Mankim (route Ntui-Yoko), R. Letouzey 8100, 3 Octobre 1966 (P 00569114)

Aeginetia pedunculata Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 13, t. 219 (1831). Syn.:  Orobanche pedunculata Roxb. (1814), nom. nud. ["p. 45 et jusd. mss." (Wallich, 1831: 13)]; = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Bengala, infra gramina altiora, praecipuč varias species Bambusae, eonrum radicum parasitica(?). Viget, floret fructificatque sub pluviis". Type: "India, Wallich 3695 (holotype K)" (Parnell, 2001: 75) ... is lectotypified here using this illustration [t. 219].

Aeginetia saccharicola Bakh. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 3(13): 87 (1933). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia selebica Bakh. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 3(13): 89 (1933). Ind. loc.: Sulawesi

Aeginetia sessilis Shivam. & Rajanna in Rheedea 4(2): 133 (1994). Ind. loc.: Karnataka, India

Aeginetia sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 19 (1930 [9 Sep. 1930]). Syn.: = Aeginetia kimurai Makino (1931). Ind. loc.: "China: Kiangsi, bei Lu Shan im Kuling-Gebirge bei 1100 m Seehöhe im August 1908 (A.K. Schindler, PI. sin. n. 351, im Herb. Berol.!); Prov. Fukien auf dem Berge Tienhwa-schan westl. von Dingdschou (Tingchow) bei ca. 1100 m Seehöhe im Juni, Juli (Wang-te-Hui in Handel-Mazzetti PI. sinens. n. 413!). Japan: Bei Jhao auf feuchtem Waldboden bei 800 m Seehöhe (M. du Bois Reymond n. 665 im Herb. Berlin!)". Ic.: a, A.sinensis in FRPS (accessed April 2017); b, PPBC 597458 (accessed April 2017); c, f. 264, 12 in Flora of China.efloras.org

Aeginetia subacaulis (Benth.) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 155 (1927). Syn.: Christisonia subacaulis Gardner (1847)

Aeginetia tournefortii (Desf.) [Juss. sec. Steudel] Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 44 (1930), pro syn. Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

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Anblatum [Amblatum (orthographic variant)]

Anblatum Tourn. ex Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 207 (1763). Type Name: Anblatum tournefortii G. Don (1837-1838); ? Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) (cf. Steudel, 1841: 318; Reuter, 1847: 42)

Anblatum Hill, Brit. Herb.: 128 (1756 [Apr 1756]). Syn.: = Lathraea L. (1753). Type Name: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef., Corollarium: 48 (1703), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 633 (1837-1838), pro syn. Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849), pro syn. Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Anblatum tournefortii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 635 (1837-1838). Syn.: ? Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975); = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Anoplanthus

Anoplanthus Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839), nom. superfl. (Schneider, 2016). Type Name: Orobanche uniflora L. (1753); Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) A. Gray (1848)

Anoplanthus sect. Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) ["b. Anblatum"]. Type Name: Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef. (1703), nom. illeg.

Anoplanthus sect. Euanoplon Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) ["a. Euanoplon"], nom. inv. (Art 21.3 ICN). Syn.:  Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon. Type Name: Orobanche uniflora L. (1753); Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) A. Gray (1848)

Anoplanthus sect. Macranoplon Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.: = Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl. 27 [Anoplanthus sect. Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839)] (Reuter, 1847: 42)

Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.: = Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus coccineus (M. Bieb.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844 [12-14 Sept 1844]). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus coccineus var. peduncularis Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 494 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]). Syn.: = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 494 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]). Syn.: = Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus fasciculatus (Nutt.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3(3): 480 (1844 [12-14 Sept 1844]). Syn.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Anoplanthus helenae (Popl.) Stankov in Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eu. Russ.: 825 (1949). Syn.: ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus tournefortii (Desf.) Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus uniflorus (L.) Endl., Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: [XII] t. 72 (1839 [Jan-Feb 1839]). Syn.: Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) A. Gray (1848)

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Anoplon

Anoplon Rchb. in Consp. Regn. Veg.: 212b (1828). Syn.:  Orobanche trib. Anoplon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 25, 66 (1825)", nom. inv. (Art 37.6). Type Name: Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975). Obs. Taxon 65: 194, "Ex 24bis"

Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov.-Dec. 1831]). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplon biflorum G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 634 (1837-1838). Syn.: Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray(1848)

Anoplon coccineum (M. Bieb.) Riedl & Schiman-Czeika in Rechinger, Fl. Iranica 5: 2 (1964). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplon fasciculatum (Nutt.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 633 (1837-1838). Syn.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Anoplon tournefortii (Desf.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 633 (1837-1838). Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

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Aphyllon

Aphyllon Mitch., Diss. Bot. & Zool.: 43 (1769). Syn.: Anoplanthus Endl. (1839), nom. superfl.; Thalesia Raf. ex Britton (1894), nom. superfl.; Anoplanthus sect. Euanoplon Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) (Gray, 1876: 584); = Loxanthes Raf. (1825) (cf. Schneider, 2016). Type Name: Orobanche uniflora L. (1753) (Nicolson, 1975: 655, "the type of Aphyllon Mitchell (1769) is Aphyllon uniflorum (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray ex A. Gray (1848, p. 290), which is based on Orobanche uniflora Linnaeus"; Gray, 1876; Schneider, 2016). Obs. x = 12 (Schneider, 2016; Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57, 65. 2005; Aphyllon in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden and Aphyllon in CPNWH, accessed March 2017)

Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon (Gray, 1876: 584, "True Aphyllon"). Syn.: = Loxanthes Raf. (1825); = Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848); = Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. (1818)

Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 584 (1876 [May-Jun 1876]). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Nothaphyllon (A. Gray) Heckard (1973); = Myzorrhiza Phil. (1857-58); = Orobanche sect. Myzorrhiza Beck (1890). Type Name: Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. (1828);  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray (1876), "lectotype designated by Heckard, Madrońo 22: 41 (1973)"

Aphyllon arenosum Suksd. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 27 (1906). Syn.: Orobanche multiflora var. arenosa Munz (1931); Orobanche ludoviciana var. arenosa (Suksd.) Cronquist (1959); = Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray (1876). Type: MO 1998126 (isotype)

Aphyllon arizonicum (L.T. Collins) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche arizonica L.T. Collins (2015). Type: "USA: Arizona, Coconino Co.: near Tuba City, 1539 m, 27 September 1935, Kearney & Peebles 12867 (holotype, ARIZ; isotype, US)"

Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 584 (1876 [May-Jun 1876]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. (1828);  Phelypaea californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) G. Don (1838);  Myzorrhiza californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rydb. (1909); = Aphyllon violaceum Eastw. (1900). Type: "USA: California: Near Port of San Francisco, Aug 1816, Chamisso s.n (holotype, LE)" (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 4). Host: Grindelia sp. (Asteraceae) (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 5). Herbarium specimens: WTU V 014820, WTU V 014793, WTU V 004172, PSM 05583. Obs. photos and distribution in Calflora (accessed March 2017); images and distribution in CPNWH (accessed March 2017)

Aphyllon californicum subsp. condensum (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica subsp. condensa Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: San Luis Obispo Co.: Yaro Creek, 25 May 1955, Bacigalupi, Ferris & Robbins 5242 (holotype, JEPS; isotypes, NY, RSA, US, WTU)"

Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica subsp. feudgei (Munz) Heckard (1973); Orobanche grayana var. feudgei Munz (1930). Type: "USA: California: San Bernardino Co.: Baldwin Lake, 2 June 1924, Munz 8177 (holotype, POM)". Host: Artemisia tridentata Nutt. (Asteraceae)

Aphyllon californicum subsp. grande (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica subsp. grandis Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Santa Barbara Co.: dunes at Surf, 22 July 1954, H.M. Pollard (holotype, UC; isotype, CAS)". Hosts: Corethrogyne filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt. [Lessingia filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) M.A. Lane] and Isocoma menziesii (Hook. & Arn.) G. Nesom var. vernonioides (Nutt.) G. Nesom (Asteraceae) (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 5)

Aphyllon californicum subsp. grayanum (Beck) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 113 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche grayana Beck (1890); Myzorrhiza grayana (Beck) Rydb. (1909). Type: "USA: Oregon: banks of the Columbia River, 1825, Douglas s.n. (lectotype, K)"

Aphyllon californicum subsp. jepsonii (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 113 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche grayana var. jepsonii Munz (1930); Orobanche californica subsp. jepsonii (Munz) Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Colusa Co.: Princeton, October 1905, H.P. Chandler s.n. (holotype: POM, isotype: UC)"

Aphyllon chilense (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 113 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Myzorrhiza chilensis Phil. (1858); Orobanche chilensis (Phil.) Beck (1890). Ind. loc.: "In Andibus provinciae Santiago [Santiago de Chile] ct ipse legi et orn. Germain". Ic.: Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: t. 1 f. 6 (1890)

Aphyllon cooperi A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 307 (1885). Syn.:  Orobanche cooperi (A. Gray) A. Heller (1898); Myzorrhiza cooperi (A. Gray) Rydb. (1909); Orobanche ludoviciana var. cooperi (A. Gray) Beck (1890). Type: "Type locality. USA: Arizona: Fort Mojave (lectotype designated by Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 57: 620-21, Cooper s.n. in 1860-61, GH)". Herbarium specimens: IDS 0044657, P 02985729

Aphyllon cooperi subsp. latilobum (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche cooperi subsp. latiloba (Munz) L.T. Collins (2015); Orobanche ludoviciana var. latiloba Munz (1930). Type: "USA: California: Riverside Co.: Colorado Desert, 22 April 1922, Munz & Keck 4960 (holotype: POM, isotype, US)

Aphyllon cooperi subsp. palmeri (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche cooperi subsp. palmeri (Munz) L.T. Collins (2015); Orobanche multicaulis var. palmeri Munz (1930). Type: "Mexico, Durango, April-November 1896, Palmer 7 (holotype: GH, isotypes, MO, UC)"

Aphyllon corymbosum (Rydb.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Myzorrhiza corymbosa Rydb. (1909); Orobanche corymbosa (Rydb.) Ferris (1958). Type: "USA: Reynold’s Creek, 2 July 1892, Isabel Mulford s.n. (holotype, NY; isotype, MO)". Herbarium specimens: P 04410422, P 04410423, P 04410424, WTU V 016722, ID 124913

Aphyllon corymbosum subsp. mutabile (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche corymbosa subsp. mutabilis Heckard (1978). Type: "USA: Washington: Grant Co.: O’Sullivan Dam, 11 July 1950, S.W. Harris 97 (holotype, WS)"

Aphyllon dugesii S. Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 132 (1883). Syn.:  Orobanche dugesii (S. Watson) Munz (1931). Type: "Mexico: Gueanajatao, Dugčs s.n. (holotype, GH)". Herbarium specimens: F 225882 (Neotropical Herbarium Specimens, accessed April 2017)

Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray, Manual (ed. 2): 281 (1848). Syn.:  Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (1818); Loxanthes fasciculatus (Nutt.) Raf. (1825) Phelypaea fasciculata (Nutt.) Spreng. (1825); Anoplon fasciculatum (Nutt.) G. Don (1837-1838) Anoplanthus fasciculatus (Nutt.) Walp. (1844) Gymnocaulis fasciculata (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848); Thalesia fasciculata (Nutt.) Britton (1894). Ind. loc.: "H. Native in sand alluvial soils aroun Fort Mandan [near Washburn, North Dakota, United States]" (cf. G. Don, 1837-1838: 633). Type: USA: “Missouri”, ca. 1811, Nuttal s.n., (holotype, PH) (Schneider, 2016). Herbarium specimens: P 02985723, P 02985724, ARIZ 228487, MONT 039667, WWB 019695, KHD 00016005. Ic.: a, Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 72 (1839); b, sub O. fasciculata (Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens, WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species); c, sub O. fasciculata in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed March 2017. Host: usually on Artemisia species. Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 60 f. 3 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 65 (2005)

Aphyllon inundatum Suksd. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 27 (1906). Syn.: = Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876). Syn.:  Orobanche ludoviciana Nutt. (1818);  Phelypaea ludoviciana (Nutt.) Walp. (1844);  Myzorrhiza ludoviciana (Nutt.) Rydb. (1903);  Conopholis ludoviciana (Nutt.) Wood.; = Phelypaea erianthera Engelm. (1867); = Aphyllon arenosum Suksd. (1906); = Orobanche multiflora var. arenosa Munz (1931); = Orobanche ludoviciana var. arenosa (Suksd.) Cronquist (1959). Type: "USA: Fort Mandan, 1810-1811, Nuttall s.n. (holotype, PH)". Herbarium specimens: WTU V 014822, MONT 039709. Ic.: a, sub O. ludoviciana Nutt. subsp. ludoviciana in Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens - WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species (accessed Feb 2006); b, sub O. ludoviciana Nutt. in Tropicos.org. - MBG (accessed Sept 2008); c, sub O. ludoviciana in CPNWH (accessed Sept 2014); d, O. ludoviciana in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed March 2017

Aphyllon minutum Suksd. in Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 18(10): 155 (1900 [Oct 1900]). Syn.:  Thalesia minuta (Suksd.) Rydb. (1909); Orobanche uniflora var. minuta (Suksd.) Beck  (1930); = Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub (1998)

Aphyllon multiflorum (Nutt) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876 [May-Jun. 1876]). Syn.:  Orobanche multiflora Nutt. (1848). Type: "USA: Rio Grande, 1845, Gambel s.n. (neotype designated by White & Holmes, Sida 19: 623, USA: Texas: Jim Wells Co., 19 April 1944, Lundell & Lundell 12809, LL; isoneotype, LL)". Herbarium specimens: ID 124926; ASU 100820

Aphyllon parishii (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 115 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche parishii (Jeps.) Heckard. (1973); Orobanche californica var. parishii Jeps. (1925). Type: "USA: California: San Bernardino Co.: Bear Valley, 1894, S.B. Parish s.n. (holotype, JEPS)". Herbarium specimens: WTU V 014810, WTU V 014809

Aphyllon parishii subsp. brachylobum (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 115 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche parishii subsp. brachyloba Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Ventura Co.: Dutch Harbor, San Nicolas Island, 23 April 1966, Raven & Thompson 20794 (holotype, JEPS; isotypes, MO, RSA, SBBG)". Hosts: Isocoma sp. (Asteraceae), e. g., Isocoma menziesii (Hook. & Arn.) G. Nesom

Aphyllon pinorum (Geyer ex Hook.) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876). Syn.:  Orobanche pinorum Geyer ex Hook. (1851); Phelypaea pinorum (Geyer ex Hook.) A. Gray (1868); Myzorrhiza pinorum Rydb. (1909). Type: "USA: Idaho/Washington border, Geyer 445 (holotype, K [K 000061342])". Herbarium specimens: SOC 00432, ID 124927

Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub in Preslia 70: 100 (1998). Syn.:  Thalesia purpurea A. Heller (1896); Orobanche uniflora var. purpurea (A. Heller) Achey (1933); = Aphyllon minutum Suksd. (1900); = Aphyllon sedi Suksd. (1900); = Thalesia minuta (Suksd.) Rydb. ( 1909); = Orobanche porphyrantha Beck (1930); = Orobanche uniflora subsp. occidentalis (Greene) Abrams ex Ferris (1958); = Aphyllon uniflorum var. occidentale Greene (1894); = Orobanche uniflora var. minuta (Suksd.) Beck  (1930); = Orobanche uniflora f. sedi (Suksd.) Beck (1930). Type: "USA: Idaho: Nez Perce Co.: near mouth of the Potlatch, 20 May 1896, Heller 3099. (no holotype designated; isotypes, CAS, DAO, K, MIN, MO, MSC, NDG, PH, US)." (Schneider, 2016). Herbarium specimens: WTU V 011620, HPS U014940

Aphyllon riparium (L.T. Collins) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec. 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche riparia L.T. Collins (2009). Type: "USA: Indiana, Gibson Co.: Griffin, 16 August 1931, Deam 50941 (holotype, IND; isotypes, A, F, GH, IND, MINN, WIS)". Ic.: a, O. riparia in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed March 2017. Herbarium specimens: ARIZ 164571, ASU 0094353

Aphyllon robbinsii (Heckard ex Colwell & Yatsk.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche robbinsii Heckard ex Colwell & Yatsk. (2016). Type: "USA: California: San Francisco Co.: Parasitic on Eriophyllum staechadifolium Lag., on small rock slides on ocean cliff near Lands End, just below Lincoln Park, San Francisco; elev. ca. 150 ft, 13 Aug 1956, G. Thomas Robbins 3730 (holotype: JEPS!; isotypes: GH!, JEPS!, NY!, CAS!)" (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 2). Host: Eriophyllum staechadifolium Lag. (Asteraceae)

Aphyllon sedi Suksd. in Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 18(0): 155 (1900 [Oct 1900]). Syn.:  Orobanche uniflora var. sedi (Suksd.) Achey (1933); = Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub (1998); = Orobanche uniflora subsp. occidentalis (Greene) Abrams ex Ferris (1958). Type: "Flora of Washington / Skamanta CO. / 2130 Aphyllon Sedi, sp. nov. / On Sedum. / Mossy rocks in woods near Chenowith / W.N. Suksdorf. June 16, 1892" (GH 00071671, isotype)

Aphyllon tacnaense (Mattf.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche tacnaensis Mattf. (1922). Type: "Syntypes. Peru: Tacna, 1890, Woitschach 71 (photograph of type: F); Peru: Tacna, 1833, F.J.F. Meyen s.n."

Aphyllon tarapacanum (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche tarapacana Phil. (1891)

Aphyllon tuberosum (A. Gray) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876). Syn.:  Phelypaea tuberosa A. Gray (1868); = Orobanche bulbosa Beck (1890). Type: "USA: California: Monterey Co: Gavilan Mountains, 1860-1862, Brewer 743 (holotype, GH; isotype K)". Ic.: a, O. bulbosa in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed March 2017. Host: Adenostoma fasciculatum Hook. & Arn. (Rosaceae). Herbarium specimens: UTC 00264595, NCSC 00023633, ARIZ 236137

Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray, Manual: 290 (1848). Syn.:  Orobanche uniflora L. (1753); Anoplanthus uniflorus (L.) Endl. (1839); Gymnocaulis uniflora (L.) Nutt. (1848); Thalesia uniflora (L.) Britton (1894); Aphyllon inundatum Suksd. (1906). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Viginia" (Wallroth, 1825: 67, "In Viginia, Clayton. Maj. Tuam cl. Turpin. dedit"). Type: "USA: Virginia (lectotype, Clayton 387, BM)" (Schneider, 2016) (BM 000051200 [The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project [The Natural History Museum; accessed Nov. 2007]). Ic.: a, sub O. uniflora [(Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens) WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species]. Herbarium specimens: P 02985705, P 02985711, ID 125049, SRP 016246, ID 125142. Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 60 f. 3 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 65 (2005)

Aphyllon uniflorum var. occidentale Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 285 (1894 [2 Feb 1894]). Syn.:  Orobanche uniflora subsp. occidentalis (Greene) Abrams ex Ferris (1958); = Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub (1998)

Aphyllon validum (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche valida Jeps. (1929); Orobanche ludoviciana var. valida (Jeps.) Munz (1930). Type: "USA: California: Rock Creek, San Gabriel Mountains, 2 June 1923, F.W. Peirson 7937 (holotype: JEPS, isotype: RSA)". Herbarium specimens: WTU V 014818

Aphyllon validum subsp. howellii (Heckard & L.T Collins) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.: Orobanche valida subsp. howellii Heckard & L.T Collins (1982). Type: USA: California: Mendocino Co.: Impassable Rock, 14 July 1951, Donald V. Hemphill s.n. (holotype: UC).

Aphyllon vallicolum (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche comosa var. vallicola Jeps. (1925); Orobanche vallicola (Jeps.) Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Santa Clara Co.: Coyote, 14 October 1914, W.L. Jepson 6196 (holotype: JEPS, isotypes: GH, MO)". Host: Quercus agrifolia Nee (Fagaceae). Herbarium specimens: WTU V 014814, WTU V 014811

Aphyllon violaceum Eastw. in Zoe 5(4-5): 85[-86] (1900). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray (1876)

Aphyllon weberbaueri (Mattf.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche weberbaueri Mattf. (1922). Type: "Peru: Camaná: Areuipa, Hafen Chala, 26 November 1915, A. Weberbauer 7185 (isotypes: GH, US)" [US 1496220, US 1495150]

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Boschniakia

Boschniakia C.A. Mey. ex Bong. in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 159 (1832 [Aug 1832]). Type Name: Boschniakia glabra C.A. Mey. ex Bong. (1833), nom. illeg. [nom. superfl.] (Art. 52, Vienna Code); = Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910). Obs. "Named in honour of A.K. Boshnyak" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 114[140])

Boschniakia sect. Boschniakia. Syn.:  Boschniakia sect. Euboschniakia Beck (1930)

Boschniakia sect. Euboschniakia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 327 (1930 [9 Sep 1930]), nom. inv. (Art 21.3 ICN)

Boschniakia sect. Thamnophagus Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 328 (1930 [9 Sep 1930]). Type Name: Boschniakia handelii Beck (1930); = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884)

Boschniakia glabra C.A. Mey. ex Bong. in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 159 (1832 [Aug 1832]), nom. illeg. [nom. superfl.] (Art. 52, Vienna Code). Syn.:  Orobanche glabra (C.A. Mey. ex Bong.) Hook. (1840); = Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910). Ic.: a, Beck, 1930: 328 f. 23 a-g

Boschniakia handelii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 328[-329] (1930 [9 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884). Ind. loc.: "China. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan: bei der Stadt Lidjiang (Likiang), vornehmlich auf dem Berge Yülung-schan (Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, n. 4148! fruct.), ... n. 7059 ... n. 9531 ... (Handel-Mazzetti n. 9285!)" (Beck, 1930: 329). Ic.: a, Beck, 1930: 328 f. 23 h-o. Type: P 02968829

Boschniakia handelii f. minor Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 329 (1930 [9 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884). Ind. loc.: "China. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan: auf dem Joche Ulüla ... Cum n. 9265 supra citato (Handel-Mazzetti)"

Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 327[-328] (1884 [Jan 1884]) ["Hook. f. & Thoms. Herb. Ind. Or."]. Syn.:  Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson) Beck (1890); = Boschniakia kawakamii Hayata (1914); = Xylanche kawakamii (Hayata) Beck (1930). Ind. loc.: "Temperate and Subalpine Himalaya, on Rhododendron roots; Garwhal and Kumaon [Uttarakhand, India], alt. 8-10,000 ft., Strach. & Winterb.; Sikkim [India], alt. 10-13,000 ft., J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker], Clarke" (B. himalaica in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Oct. 2008]). Ic.: a, f. 263, 8-15 in Flora of China.efloras.org. Types: P 02968827, P 02968828. Host: Rhododendron sp. (Ericaceae). Distribution: Bhutan, China, N India, Nepal. Obs. Considered by some authors conspecific with Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910)

Boschniakia hookeri Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 479 (1844). Syn.:  Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996)

Boschniakia kawakamii Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 19 (1914 [25 Nov 1914]). Syn.:  Xylanche kawakamii (Hayata) Beck (1930); = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884). Ind. loc.: Formosa [Taiwan]: "Mt. Morrison, ad 10000 ped. alt, leg. T. Kawakami et S. Sasaki, Oct. 1909"

Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. in B.A. Fedtschenko & A.F. Flerow, Fl. Evropeiskoi Ross. 3: 896, f. 875 (1910) (IPNI). Syn.:  Orobanche rossica Cham. & Schltdl. (1828); = Orobanche caule simplicissimo ultra dimidium fiorifero Gmelin (1768), nom. illeg.; = Lathraea clandestina Georgi (1775), non Lathraea clandestina L. (1753); = Boschniakia glabra C.A. Mey. ex Bong. (1832); = Orobanche glabra (C.A. Mey. ex Bong.) Hook. (1840); = Lathraea amentacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb. (1849); = Lathraea strobilacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb. (1849); = Stellara lathraeoides Fisch. ex Reut. (1847), pro syn. (Beck, 1930: 327). Ind. loc.: [Kamtschatka] "Kamtschadalis: Uktschutsch. (Pall. Mscpt.) / Ex insula Chamissonis plura ipsi retulimus specimina, alia e reliquiis Pallasianis in supplemento Herb. Willdenowiani exstant, loco natali adjecto: Ad Lenam et in Kamtschatka. «Jeniseam prope supra Worogowa pagum Joh. Georg. Gmelin (patruus) invenit et humiliorem ad Lenam, Stellerus in montosis ad Angaram sub initium Julii florentem.» Gmel. I. c.". Ic.: a, Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958: 95[99] t. 6 f. 3]); b, f. 263, 1-7 in Flora of China.efloras.org; c, habit (photo by R.T. and M. Orr); d, inflorescence d1 and d2 (photo by G. and B. Corsi, CalAcademy, accessed Oct 2008), e, Plantarium 44576. Host: Alnus sp. (Betulaceae) mainly on A. sibirica Fisch. ex Turcz. (sec. Turczaninow), A. alnobetula subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Raus [A. fruticosa Rupr.] (sec. Maximowicz), A. viridis DC. [= Betula ovata Schrank] (Reuter, 1847: 39; Beck, 1930: 327). Herbarium specimens: P 02968836, P 02968837, ALA 87512 - H1249636

Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Standl. in Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 8(5): 325 (1931), nom. superfl. Syn.:  Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910)

Boschniakia rossica var. flavida Yue Zhang & J.Y. Ma in Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 23(4): 390 (2003)

Boschniakia strobilacea A. Gray, Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 118 (1857) [non Lathraea strobilacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb. (1849)]. Syn.:  Kopsiopsis strobilacea Beck (1930)

Boschniakia tuberosa (Hook.) Jepson, Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 954 (1925 [23 Sep 1925]). Syn.: = Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996)

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Boulardia

Boulardia F.W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 103[-104] (Dec 1847-Mar 1848) ["Nomen dedi ... Camillé Boulard"]. Syn.:  Ceratocalyx Coss. (1848), nom. illeg. [pro syn.];  Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx Coss. ex Nyman (1854-1855) [nom. nov.] (Art. 55, Vienna Code);  Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx (Coss.) Pomel (1874) [comb. superfl.];  Orobanche subgen. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) A. Pujadas (2007 [Dec 2007]) [comb. superfl.];  Orobanche sect. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 659 (1890). Type Name: Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. genus published in "Dec. 1847" (Cosson, 1848: 146); view IPNI entry (accessed July 2008); Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111-112 (2008)

Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 104 (1848 [Dec 1847-Mar 1848]). Syn.:  Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. (Mar 1848), pro syn.

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Catodiacrum

Catodiacrum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 369 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche L. (1753)

Catodiacrum cruentum (Bertol.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 371 (1867) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798)

Catodiacrum foetidum (Lapeyr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 371 (1867) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195 (1789). Syn.: = Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799)

Catodiacrum incurvum (Benth.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)

Catodiacrum luteum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828)

Catodiacrum pallidiflorum (Wimm. & Grab.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825)

Catodiacrum rubidum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829)

Catodiacrum sparsiflorum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Catodiacrum variegatum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825)

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Ceratocalyx

Ceratocalyx Coss. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. ser. 3, 9: 145. t. 10. (1848 [Mar 1848]), nom. illeg. [nomen superfluum (art. Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)]. Syn.:  Boulardia F.W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 103[-104] (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Type Name: Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. (Mar 1848) Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. view IPNI entry (accessed July 2008); Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111 (2008)

Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. ser. 3, 9: 146[-147, t. 10] (1848 [Mar 1848]), nom. illeg. [pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)]. Syn.:  Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848)

Ceratocalyx fimbriata Lange in Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjřbenhavn 1863: 52 (1864). Syn.: = Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848)

Ceratocalyx reuteri Lange Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1863: 52 (1864) ["Obs. ... C. Reuteri nob. (Orobanche gamosepala Reut.)"]. Syn.:  Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847) (Lange, 1864); IPNI (accessed Nov. 2007)]

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Chorobanche

Chorobanche C. Presl in Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. ser. 5(3): 521 (1845 [July-Dec 1845]) ["Chorobane"] et Bot. Bemerk.: 91 (1846 [Jan-Apr 1846]) (Beck, 1890: 86). Type Name: Chorobanche indica C. Presl [= Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)]

Chorobanche indica C. Presl in Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. ser. 5(3): 521 (1845 [July-Dec 1845]) et Bot. Bemerk. (C. Presl): 91 ([Jan-Apr 1846]). Syn.: Orobanche indica Roxb., Hort. Beng.: 45 (1814), nom. nud. Orobanche indica Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. (1832), non Orobanche indica Spreng. (1825); Phelypaea indica (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) G. Don (1838); = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

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Christisonia

Christisonia Gardner Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 153 (1847). Type Name: Christisonia tricolor Gardner (1847)

Christisonia subacaulis Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 162 (1847). Syn.: Phelypaea subacaulis Benth. (1835); Orobanche subacaulis Benth. ex Walp. (1852), pro syn.; Aeginetia subacaulis (Benth.) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "In Peninsulâ Indiae orientales" (Reuter, 1847: 11). Ic.:  Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4(3): t. 1424 (1846) (www.plantillustrations.org, accessed March 2016). Herbarium specimen: "595/1835 Courtallam [Tamil Nadu, India] Phelipaea subacaulis [Leg. R. Wight]" (K 000999885)

Christisonia tricolor Gardner Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 156 (1847)

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Cistanche

Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 318, t. 63 (1813). Syn.: = Orobanche subgen. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Schmalh. (1897); = Orobanche sect. Haemodoron Wallr. (1825); = Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Walp. (1844); = Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Reut. (1847); = Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Ledeb. (1849); = Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Willk. (1870). Type Name: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [ Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)] (Tzvelev, 1981: 318[435]). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57 (2005)

Cistanche sect. Cistanche. Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck (1890), nom. illeg.

Cistanche sect. Cistanchiella Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 40 (1930). Type Name: Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888)

Cistanche sect. Cistanchopsis Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 12 (1895). Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Heterocalyx Beck (1890). Dignosis: "Sect. II. Cistanchopsis. G. Beck. Kelch rückwärts tiefer gespalten, mit 4 Zipfeln, von denen die vorderen breiter und stumpf, die hinteren schmäler und oft spitz. — 1i Art, C. fissa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck, mit behaarten Kelchen und Blumen, im Kaukasus."

Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 57 (1890), nom. illeg. [et in Engler u. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4 (3b): 129 (1895); et Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 27 (1930)] (ICN, Art. 21.3). Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Cistanche

Cistanche sect. Heterocalyx Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 57 (1890) [et Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 38 (1930)]. Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Cistanchopsis Beck (1895). Type Name: Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895). Dignosis: "während bei der zweiten Reihe (Sect. Heterocalyx) ein rückwärts tiefer eingeschnittener viertheiliger Kelch angetroffen wird, dessen vordere Lappen breit und stumpf sind, während die 2 hinteren schmäleren Zähne spitz zulaufen, ein Fall der bei keiner Orobancheart sich vorfindet"

Cistanche sect. Salsae Kravtsova in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. Budantsev): 36 (1993). Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck (1890), p.p. Type Name: Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey. (1830); Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche sect. Subcistanche Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 38 (1930) [Z.Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res. 4(4): 113 (1984)]. Type Name: Cistanche sinensis Beck (1930)

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Cistanche allochroa Chiov., Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 131 (1916). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge (1851); ? = Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) (Beck, 1930: 40)

Cistanche armena (K. Koch) M.V. Agab. in Fl. Medit. 23: 135 (2013). Syn.: Phelypaea armena K. Koch (1844)

Cistanche brunneri (Webb) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 35 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche calotropidis (Edgew.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 34 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche calotropidis var. tomentosa (Hook. f.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 34 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche carnosa Pax in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 651 (1907). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche compacta (Viv.) Bég. & Vacc., Sp. Nuove Fl. Libia: 2 (1912). Syn.: ? = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche christisonioides Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 36 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Ost-Indien [Pakistan]: Im Punjab [Pănjáb] bei Lahóre, im März 1857 (Schlagintweit n. 10485 im Herb. München, Wien  [W]!)". Type: M 0185673

Cistanche deserticola Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1960(1): 63 (1960). Syn.: Cistanche deserticola Ma (1977)

Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936). Syn.: ? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck (1930)

Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895). Syn.:  Phelypaea fissa C.A. Mey. (1831)

Cistanche fissa var. barbata Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche flava (C.A. Mey.) Korsh. in Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 5 (1896). Syn.:  Phelypaea flava C.A. Mey. in Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov.-Dec. 1831]); Cistanche tubulosa var. flava (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(4): 686 (1904) (Beck, 1930: 33); ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884) (Beck, 1930: 33; Schlauer & al., 2002). Ind. loc.: "Described from Azerbaidzhan [Azerbaijan] (between Baku and Salyans [Saljanami / Sallian])". Type in LE (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 22[26]). Herbarium specimens: P 02970920

Cistanche flava subsp. bicolor Saeidi & Shahi in Iranian J. Bot. 14(2): 96, f. 1 (2008 [Dec. 2008]). Syn.: ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884) (Schlauer & al., 2002). Ind. loc.: "Type:. Iran, Semnan, Touran protected area, 3 km from Chah-jam to Toroud, 1100 m, 1978.4.23, Freitag & Mozaffarian 28437 (holo. TARI)"

Cistanche franciscana Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 87 (1934), nom. nud. Syn.: ? = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche hesperugo (Webb) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 35 (1930). Syn.: ? = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche hybrida Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930 [9 Sept 1930]). Syn.: = Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche lanzhouensis Zhi Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 4(4): 114 (1984). Syn.: = Cistanche ningxiaensis D.Z. Ma & J.A. Duan (1993). Ind. loc.: "Lanzhou / Lanchow, Gansu, China". Obs. Holotype: J.Z. Liu & Y.J. Sun 215 (LZU)

Cistanche lusitanica ([Tournef. ex] Coss.) J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 190 (1904), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche lusitanica var. grandiflora Freyn in Porta et Rigo, Exsicc. Hisp. (Beck, 1930: 31, "Iter Hisp. II (1890) n. 283! et III (1891) n. 236!"), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 319 (1813). Syn.:  Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche lutea sensu Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 319[-320] t. 63 (1813), non Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) nec Phelypaea lutea Desf. (1798). Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche lutea sensu Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 2: 180, t. 158b, f. 4 (1850), non Phelypaea lutea Desf. (1798) nec Cistanche lutea sensu Hoffmanns. & Link (1813). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884) (view IPNI entry, accessed 5 Nov. 2008)

Cistanche lutea subsp. compacta (Viv.) Bég. & Vacc., Contr. Fl. Libia: 59 (1912). Syn.: ? = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche mauritanica (Coss. & Durieu) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930). Syn.:  Phelypaea mauritanica Coss. & Durieu (1857)

Cistanche mongolica Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 34 (1930). Syn.: ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche ningxiaensis D.Z. Ma & J.A. Duan in Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 13(1): 75 (1993). Syn.: = Cistanche lanzhouensis Zhi Y. Zhang (1984). Ind. loc.: "Ningxia, China"

Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 571 (1913). Syn.:  Lathraea phelypaea L. (1753)

Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz in Anuário Soc. Brot. 39: 130 (1973). Syn.:  Phelypaea lutea Desf. (1798)

Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3(1): 93[-94], t. 39 (1888). Syn.: Cistanche salsa auct., non Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895)

Cistanche rosea Baker ex Hook., Icon. Pl. 4(ser. 4, part 3): t. 2363 (1895). Syn.:  Cistanche rosea Baker (1894), nom. nud.

Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895). Syn.:  Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey. (1830)

Cistanche senegalensis (Reut.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 33 (1930). Syn.: ? = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Nord-China [China]: Kansu [Gansu] septentrional, bei Wei tschou, am 7. Juni 1918 (R.P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris [P 02983456])"

Cistanche sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. in Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. 2(4): 686 (1904). Syn.: = Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 43: 327 no. 336 (1896 [1897]). Syn.: ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Beck in Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2, 4: 685 (1904). Syn.: ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche tinctoria f. lusitanica (Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche tinctoria f. lutea (Desf.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche tinctoria f. major ([Durieu ex.] Reut.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche tinctoria × violacea Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930 [9 Sept. 1930]). Syn.: = Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. (1877)

Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 324 (1885). Syn.:  Phelypaea tubulosa Schenk (1840)

Cistanche tubulosa Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: 4, t. 1420 bis (1850), non Phelypaea tubulosa Schenk, Pl. Spec. Schubert: 23 (1840). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche tubulosa var. albiflora (Gilli) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist 141 (1995). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche tubulosa var. flava (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(4): 686 (1904) (cf. Beck, 1930: 33). Syn.:  Cistanche flava (C.A. Mey.) Korsh. (1896)

Cistanche tubulosa var. tomentosa Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4(11): 324 (1884). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Pontug. 1: 320 (1813). Syn.:  Phelypaea violacea Desf. (1798)

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Clandestina

Clandestina Hill, Brit. Herb.: 128 (1756)

Clandestina Tourn. ex Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 207 (1763)

Clandestina clandestina Huth in Helios 11: 134 (1893), nom. illeg. Syn.: Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Clandestina japonica Miq. in Verslagen Meded. Afd. Natuurk. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. ser. 2(2): 85 (1868). Syn.: Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Clandestina penduliflora Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 329 (1778 [after 21 March 1779]). Syn.: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Clandestina purpurea Hill, Brit. Herb.: 128 (1756). Syn.: = Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Clandestina rectiflora Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 328 (1778 [after 21 March 1779]). Syn.: Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Clandestina squamaria (L.) Legrand, Fl. Anal. Berry: 197 (1887). Syn.: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

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Conopholis

Conopholis Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 78 (1825). Type Name: Orobanche americana L. (1767);   Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. (1825) (Haynes, 1971; Rodrigues & al., 2013; Conopholis in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed March 2017)

Conopholis alpina Liebm., Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 1844: 184[-185] (1847). Syn.: = Conopholis panamensis Woodson (1938); = Conopholis sylvatica Liebm. (1847). Lectotype: "México. Puebla: In rupibus Tepeyecuapa pr. Chinaulta ad radices Pinorum. Alt. 8600 ft. Liebmann 3719. March 1841 (C). Isotype: F. In the original description Liebmann referred to two collections. He did not designate either one as the type; therefore. I am herein designating one as the lectotype. Figure 7." (Haynes, 1971: 254). Ic.: a, Haynes, 1971: 258 f. 2; b, Gómez & al., 2000: 167 f. 28. Herbarium specimens: ASU 0078673 (Rodrigues & al., 2013; C. alpina in Herbario Virtual Austral Americano, accessed March 2017). Distribution: Haynes, 1971: 261 f. 5; distribution [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]

Conopholis alpina var. mexicana (A. Gray ex S. Watson) R.R. Haynes in Sida 3: 347 (1969). Syn.:  Conopholis mexicana A. Gray ex S. Watson (1882-83); = Conopholis alpina Liebm. (1847) (Gómez & al., 2000: 166); Conopholis americana sensu Endlicher (1839), non Wallr. (1825). Holotype: México. Coahuila: Sierra Madre, 40 miles south of Saltillo. Palmer 996, March 1880 (GH). Isotypes: F, NY, PH, US, VT. Figure 8" (Haynes, 1971: 255). Ic.: a, C. americana sensu Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 81 (1839) ["anthers sparingly pilose"]; b, C. americana sensu A. Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N.U.S. (ed. 2): 235 f. 3881 (1913) ["anthers sparingly pilose"]; c, Haynes, 1971: 259 f. 3; d, photo by G.A. Cooper [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]. Herbarium specimens: K 000533800 -  Palmer 996 (isotype), K 000533797-800, ASU 0078667, ASU 0078668, P 02985731, P 02985732, P02985718. Distribution: Haynes, 1971: 261 f. 5; Distribution and synonyms [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]

Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 78[-79] (1825). Syn.:  Orobanche americana L. (1767) (Tropicos 50127274 in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed March 2017). Ind. loc.: "In Carolina ad arborum et fruticum radices (Garden)" (Wallroth, 1825: 78). Holotype: U.S.A. "Carolina": Garden (Linn. Herb. 798.5) (LINN). Figure 6". Ic.: a, Haynes, 1971: 257 f. 1; b, photo by T.G. Barnes 2004 [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]. Herbarium specimens: v 0299949 WIS ["anthers glabrous"], NY 01283749 ["anthers glabrous"], ASU 0078671. Distribution: Haynes, 1971: 260 f. 4; distribution and images [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]

Conopholis americana sensu Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 81 (1839), non Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 78[-79] (1825). Syn.:  Conopholis alpina var. mexicana (A. Gray ex S. Watson) R.R. Haynes (1969)

Conopholis ludoviciana (Nutt.) Wood. Syn.:  Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray (1876)

Conopholis mexicana A. Gray ex S. Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 131 (1882-83). Syn.:  Conopholis alpina var. mexicana (A. Gray ex S. Watson) R.R. Haynes (1969)

Conopholis panamensis Woodson in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 25: 835, f. 2 (1938) (Rodrigues & al., 2013). Syn.: ? = Conopholis alpina Liebm. (1847) (Haynes, 1971: 254-255; Gómez & al., 2000: 166). Type: "Chiriqui: trail from Bambito to Cerro Punta, alt. 1400-2300 m., April 6, 1937, P. 77. Allen 305 (Herb. Missouri Bot. Garden, type); on hillside, valley of the upper Eio Chiriqui Viejo, vicinity of Monte Lirio, alt. 1300-1900 m., June 27-July 13, 1935, R.J. Seihert 298 (Herb. Missouri Bot. Garden, co-type)". Herbarium specimens: US 1822529 - Allen 305

Conopholis sylvatica Liebm. in Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 1844: 185[-186] (1847). Syn.: = Conopholis alpina Liebm. (1847) (Haynes, 1971: 254-255; Gómez & al., 2000: 166)

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Diphelypaea

Diphelypaea Nicolson in Taxon, 24(5-6): 654 (1975), nom. nov. Type Name: Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975). Obs. "Diphelypaea Nicolson, nom. nov. is a substitute name for Phelypaea Linnaeus (1758, p. 237 ["Opera Varia" p. 653]), non Phaelypea Browne (1756, p. 269)" (Nicolson, 1975); "replaced synonym: Phelypaea L., Op. Var. 237 (1758); vide Dandy, Ind. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 1753-74 (Regn. Veg. li.) 7(1967)" (view Kew Record reference, accessed Feb. 2008; Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57. 2005; vide Phelypaea)

Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24 (5-6): 654 (1975). Syn.:  Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. (1847)

Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24 (5-6): 654 (1975). Syn.:  Orobanche coccinea M. Bieb. (1798)

Diphelypaea coccinea var. boissieri (Reut.) Uhlich in Kochia 9: 83 (2015). Syn.: Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Nicolson

Diphelypaea helenae (Popl.) Tzvelev in Fedorov, An.A. (Ed. Ch.). Fl. Evropeĭskoĭ Chasti SSSR 5: 319 (1981). Syn.:  Phelypaea helenae Popl. (1928); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24(5-6): 654 (1975). Syn.:  Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807)

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Epifagus [Epiphejus (orthographic variant [Walpers, 1844: 457])]

Epifagus Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 60[-61] (1818 [14 July 1818 [Orobanch.]). Syn.: = Leptamnium Raf. (1818), nom. inval. (nom. nud.); = Mylanche Wallr. (1825) (vide Epifagus Nutt. in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed March 2017). Type Name: E. americana Nutt., nom. illeg. (Orobanche virginiana L., Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton) (ICBN - Vienna Code, July 2005 Appendix III Nomina familiarum bryophytorum et spermatophytorum conservanda, E. Spermatophyta, E3. Dicotyledones; accessed Nov 2007; Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57. 2005)

Epifagus americana Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 60 (1818 [14 July 1818]), nom. illeg. [nom. superfl.]. Syn.: = Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 50 (1818 [Aug 1818]). Syn.:  Orobanche virginiana L. (1753); Leptamnium virginianum (L). Raf. (1818); Mylanche virginiana (L.) Wallr. (1825). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Virginia". Host: Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Herbarium specimens: lectotype: BM 000051684 [The Natural History Museum]; O. virginiana in Linnean herbarium (S-LINN). Ic.: a, Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 80, sub E. americana Nutt. (1839); b, sub Epifagus virginiana [(Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens) WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species (accessed Feb 2006)]. Obs. see O. virginiana in The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project (The Natural History Museum, accessed Nov 2007)

Epifagus virginiana var. rauana Austin in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6(12): 65 (1875 [Dec? 1875]). Ind. loc.: "On the roots of the Beech, on the east side of High Peak, Catskill Mountains, Sept. 9th, 1875, about a hundred plants, more or Iess. ... Rau and Austin"

Epifagus virginiana f. atropurpurea Pease in Rhodora 54: 140 (1952). Ind. loc.: "Maine, Bickford Trail, Stow, 30 Aug, 1951 (Pease); New Hampshire, Randolph, 8 Sept, 1920 (Pease 18087, type) in N.E.B.C."

Epifagus virginiana f. pallida Weath. in Rhodora 36: 59 (1934). Ind. loc.: "Old beech and maple woods, Stratton, Vermont, Una F. and C.A. Weatherby, Sept 3, 1933 (Type, in Gray Herb.)"

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Gymnocaulis

Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Loxanthes Raf. (1825) Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. (1818); = Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon Mitch. (1769). Type Name: Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (1818); Gymnocaulis fasciculata (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848). Obs. D.M. Achey (1933); Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed March 2017)

Gymnocaulis biflora (Nutt.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Gymnocaulis fasciculata (Nutt.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Gymnocaulis uniflora (L.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

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Haemodoron

Haemodoron Rchb. in Consp. Regn. Veg.: 212b (1828), non Sm. Syn.:  Orobanche trib. Haemodoron Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 26, 69 (1825), nom. inv. (Art 37.6). Obs. Taxon 65: 194, "Ex 24bis"

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Hyobanche

Hyobanche L., Mant. Pl.: 155 (1771) (IPNI; A. Wolfe, 1996, Hyobanche, accessed March 2017; A. Wolfe & Randle, 2001; A. Wolfe, Hyobanche and Hyobanche images and video, accessed March 2017; Thiselton-Dyer, 2013: 416, key). Type Name: Hyobanche sanguinea L. (1771)

Hyobanche atropurpurea Bolus, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 15: t. 1486 (1885 [1883-1885 publ. Dec 1885]). Type: [South Africa:] Cape Div.; Table Mountain behind Klassenbosch, about 1000 ft., Welby in Herb. Bolus 4987! (Thiselton-Dyer, 2013: 419)

Hyobanche barklyi N.E. Br. in Kew Bull. 1901: 129 (1901). Ind. loc.: "[South Africa, Western Cape:] Cape Colony. Little Namaqualand: Parasitic on bulbs, in sand hill near Port Nolloth, Barkly". Type: "Near Port Nolloth / Little / Namaqualand / From Sir H. Barkly Oct. 1873" (K 000405261)

Hyobanche calvescens Gand. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 220 (1919). Ind. loc.: "Hab.: [South Africa, Western Cape:] Caledon ad Lotshraal (Penther n. 1878!)" (Gbif 3742127; Kamundi, 2005, accessed March 2017)

Hyobanche fulleri E. Phillips, Fl. Pl. S. Afr.: t. 89 (1923). Type: "No. 1463 / Natal [KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa] / Hyobanche sp. / Karridene / ... / Aug.1921 Coll. C. Fuller" (K 000405260). Host: Chrysanthemoides monilifera (L.) Norl. (Asteraceae) (PlantZAfrica.com, accessed March 2017)

Hyobanche glabrata Hiern, Fl. Cap. (Harvey) 4(2.3): 417 (1904 [Oct 1904]), nom. nov. Syn.:  Haematobanche sanguinea C. Presl, Epimel. Bot.: [249-] 250 (1851 [Oct 1851]); ? Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabra Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 488 (1825); "Hyobanche sanguinea β glabra Drege pl. cap. exs. Benth. in Cand. prod. X. 506". Ind. loc.: "Habitat ad Caput bonae spei [Cape of Good Hope] (Drege)". Types: "Cape / Drege / Kans Mountains / 3000-4000 ft. / Little Namaqualand // Hyobanche sanguinea β glabresc. Th. b." (K 000405265). Herbarium specimens: "Between / Buffels (Koasie) / Rivers and Silver / Fontein, 2000 ft. / Little Namaqualand. // Hyobanche sanguinea β glabresc. Th. a." (K 000405266)

Hyobanche robusta Schönland in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1913(8): 301 (1913 [13 Nov 1913]). Ind. loc.: "South Africa. [Eastern Cape:] Humansdorp Div.; near Humansdorp, Mrs. Christy 54". Type: "Type! / No. 54 / Hyobanche robusta Schönl. n. sp. / Humansdorp / Humansdorp Div. / Leg. Mrs. Christy Nov. 1909" (K 000405259). Ic.: 2513893 by Lynda de Wet, accessed March 2017. Host: Metalasia muricata R. Br. (Asteraceae)

Hyobanche rubra N.E.Br. in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1901(175-177): 129 (1901 [July-Sept 1901]). Ind. loc.: "[South Africa, Western Cape:] Cape Colony. Mossel Bay Div.: Near Gauritz River Bridge, alt. 800 ft., Galpin, 4329". Type: "Type! / ... No. 4392 / Near Gauritz River Bridge, Alt. cir 800' / 25 Sept 1897 / Coll. E.E. Galpin / Mossel Bay Div." (K 000405262)

Hyobanche sanguinea L., Mant. Pl.: 253 (1771 [Oct. 1771]). Ind. loc.: "Habitat ad Cap. b. spei [Cape of Good Hope]". Ic.: a, Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 82 (1839), b, MO 2368471 and MOA 11920 (cf. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed March 2017); 6099903 and 7391925 by Lynda de Wet, accessed March 2017. Host: Cullumia setosa Sieber ex DC. (Asteraceae)

Hyobanche sanguinea auct., non Hyobanche sanguinea L., Mant. Pl.: 253 (1771 [Oct. 1771]). Syn.: = Phelypaea sanguinea Thunb. (1784)

Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabra Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 488 (1825) ["β", Thunb."]. Syn.:  Hyobanche glabrata Hiern (1904)

Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabrescens Drege, Cat. Pl. Exsicc. Af. Austr.: 4 (1837). Syn.:  Hyobanche glabrata Hiern (1904)

Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabra Benth. in DC., Prodr. 10: 506 (1846) ["β glabra (Thunb. l.c.)"]. Syn.:  Hyobanche glabrata Hiern ( 1904). Ind. loc.: "Cum praecedente (Drčge ! Paterson!) [in Africae australis collibus arenosis planitiei capensis, in radicibus variis parasitica (Thunberg, Harvey, Drčge!)]"

Hyobanche thinophila A. Wolfe in Phytotaxa 85(2): 57 f. 1 (2013 [8 Mar 2013]). Type: "South Africa. Western Cape: Koeberg Nature Reserve, 33°08'56.8" S, 18°24' 55.9" E, 26 m, 10 September 2004, Wolfe 1174 (Holotype: NBG!)"

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Kopsia

Kopsia Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822), nom. rejic. (cf. ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed June 2009). Syn.: Phelipanche Pomel (1874). Type Name: Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia aegyptiaca (Pers.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 358 (1885). Syn.:  Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia arenaria (Borkh.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.:  Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia borkhausenii (Besser ex Reut.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 355 (1885), nom. nud. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.: = Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia caesia (Rchb.) O. Schwarz in Mitt. Thuring. Bot. Ges. 1: 117 (1949). Syn.:  Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia coelestis (Reut.) Bég. & A. Vacc. in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 13: 29 (1914) (Greuter & al., 1989: 258). Syn.:  Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia coerulea [orthographic variant, vide Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort. (1822)]

Kopsia cyanea Pau (1899) [in sched., not validly published]. Syn.: = Phelipanche rosmarina (Welw. ex Beck [1921]) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano (2005)

Kopsia gussoneana (Lojac.) Lojac., Alcune Obs. Orob.: 5 (1887). Syn.: = Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) (Greuter & al., 1989: 263); = Phelipanche oxyloba (Reut.) Soják (1972) (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 230)

Kopsia interrupta (Pers.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia lavandulacea (Rchb.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 357 (1885). Syn.:  Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia longiflora (Pers.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 18 (1822). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia mutelii var. angustiflora (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 472 (1902 [June 1902]). Syn.: = Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Freyn in Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 623 (1888). Syn.:  Phelipanche nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia panormitana Lojac., Naturalista Sicil. 6: 81 (1887). Syn.: = Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia purpurea (Jacq.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia purpurea sensu Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913) et Fl. Portug. (2.Ş ed.): 499 (1946 [28 May 1947]), non Kopsia purpurea (Jacq.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia purpurea var. bohemica (Čelak.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000)

Kopsia purpurea var. spitzelii (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón & al. (2008)

Kopsia purpurea var. typica (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia ramosa (L.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822). Syn.:  Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia ramosa var. mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 359 (1885). Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia ramosa r. mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia ramosa r. nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Reut.) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia reuterii (Moris) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. (ed. 2): 417 (1894). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia schultzii (Mutel) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 472 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia schultzii r. stricta (Moris ex Bertol.) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia stricta (Moris ex Bertol.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 356 (1885). Syn.: = Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874)

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Kopsiopsis

Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts, World Checkl. Seed Pl. 2(1): 14 (1996). Syn.:  Boschniakia hookeri Walp. (1844) (see B. hookeri in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed March 2017); Orobanche hookeri (Walp.) Beck (1890); = Orobanche tuberosa Hook. (1837), non Vell. (1829) (Scoggan, 1979: 1392); = Boschniakia tuberosa (Hook.) Jepson (1925); Boschniakia strobilacea auct., non A. Gray (1857) (Scoggan, 1979: 1392). Ic.: Cnps 1590

Kopsiopsis strobilacea (A. Gray) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 306 (1930). Syn.:  Boschniakia strobilacea A. Gray (1857). Ic.: a, B. strobilacea by D. Mosquin in Botany Photo of the Day (UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research, accessed Oct 2008). Obs. see B. strobilacea in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed March 2017; K. strobilacea in Calflora, accessed March 2017

Kopsiopsis tuberosa Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 305, f. 18 (1930 [9 Sept 1930]). Syn.:  Orobanche tuberosa Hook. (1837), non Vell. (1829) [later homonym, nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996)

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Lathraea

Lathraea L., Sp. Pl. 2: 605 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Type Name: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Lathraea amentacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 323 (1849). Syn.: = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884)

Lathraea anblatum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 606 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Syn.: ? = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Lathraea arenaria (Borkh.) Cuatrec. in Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12, Sčr. Bot.: 429 (1929). Syn.:  Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea chinfushanica Hu & Tang in Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 5: 315 (1934). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea clandestina L., Sp. Pl. 2: 605 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Europae frigidioris umbrosissimi". Herbarium specimen: P 03829089

Lathraea clandestina Georgi, Bemerk. Reise Russ. Reich 1: 223 (1775), non Lathraea clandestina L., Sp. Pl. 2: 605 (1753)

Lathraea japonica Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 205 (1867) [Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 461, 462 (1877) view IPNI entry]. Syn.:  Clandestina japonica Miq. (1868)

Lathraea japonica var. miqueliana (Franch. & Savat.) Ohwi, Fl. Jap.: 811 (1965). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea lavandulacea (Rchb.) Cuatrec. in Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12, Sčr. Bot. 429 (1929). Syn.:  Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea miqueliana Franch. & Sav. Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 461 (1877). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 118 (1903). Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea nakaharae Makino in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28(329): 156[-157] (1914). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.:  Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 571 (1913)

Lathraea phelypaea β Orobanche orientalis, flore coccineo. (Tournef.) L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Lathraea phelypaea Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 111 (1775), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Lathaea phelypaea Pall. ex Lamb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 260 (1811), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.: Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Lathraea quinquefida Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 111 (1775). Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Lathraea rhodopea Dingler in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 35: 74 (1877). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in fagetis umbrosis montis Rhodopes meridionalis Thraciae (Karlykdagh [Gyumyurdzhinski Snezhnik, Kardzhali Province, Bulgaria]) prope Gumeldschinam 3500'-3800' (Dingler!)" (Boissier, 1875: 493). Herbarium specimen: P 04384724

Lathraea squamaria L., Sp. Pl. 2: 606 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in umbrosis Galliae, Pyrenaeorum, Italiae". Herbarium specimen: P 04243166

Lathraea strobilacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 323 (1849). Syn.: = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884)

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Leptamnium

Leptamnium Raf. in Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2(4): 267, no. 98. (1818 [Feb 1818]), nom. inval. (nom. nud.). Type Name: Leptamnium virginianum (L). Raf. (1818); Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

Leptamnium virginianum (L). Raf. in Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2(4): 267 (1818 [Feb 1818]). Syn.: Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

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Loxanthes

Loxanthes Raf., Neogenyt.: 3 (1825) [non Loxanthes Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 117 (1866 [Apr-May 1866]). Syn.: Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848) Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. (1818); = Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon Mitch. (1769). Type Name: Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (1818); Loxanthes fasciculatus (Nutt.) Raf. (1825)

Loxanthes fasciculatus (Nutt.) Raf., Neogenyt.: 3 (1825). Syn.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

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Mannagettaea

Mannagettaea Harry Sm. in Acta Horti Gothob. 8: 135 (1933). Type Name: Mannagettaea labiata Harry Sm. (1933)

Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. in Acta Horti Gothob. 8: 135 (1933). Syn.: = Gleadovia kokonorica Keng f. in Sunyatsenia 7(1): 3, t. 1 (1948); = Mannagettaea ircutensis Popov. (1954). Type: prov. Kansu, Jango, ad septentr. versus a Va-pa-kuo, in declivitate lapidosa. / Expeditio centrali-asiatica sub duce Dr. Sven Hedin [Gansu (China)], 2.8.1930, D. Hummel 4752 (S); idem (PE 00032335). Ic.: a, M. hummeli in FRPS (accessed April 2017); b, f. 265, 6-15 in Flora of China.efloras.org; c, sevin.ru 330spbig. Host: Caragana Fabr. and Salix L. Distribution: SW Gansu and SE Qinghai (China), Sayan Mountains (Russia). Herbarium specimen: P 03811129; PE 01463662; PE 01463663

Mannagettaea ircutensis Popov in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 16: 10, t. 2 (1954). Syn.: = Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. (1933). Ind. loc.: "[Sayan Mountains (East Siberian, Russia)] Buryat-Mongolian ASSR (Tunkin aimak, near village of Turan, in riparian spruce forest, 22 VII 1953, Leg. M. Popov et L.V. Bardunov). Type in Leningrad (LE)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 115-116). Type: "3849 Mannagettaea ircutensis M. Pop. / ... / Burjato-Mongolia. Montes Sajanenses orientales. Vallis fl. Tunka in silva riparia ad ripam fl. Irkut in radicibus Caragana jubata Poir.  Leg. M. Popov et L.V. Bardunov 1953 VII 22" (PE 01463669); idem (E 00477632). Ic.: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: t. 6 f. 4. Host: Caragana jubata (Pall.) Poir. (Fabaceae) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 116)

Mannagettaea ladyginii Popov [in sched.]. Syn.: = Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. (1933)

Mannagettaea labiata Harry Sm. in Acta Horti Gothob. 8: 137[-138], f. 3, t. 3b (1933). Type: "Cotypus // Plantae Sinensis N.ş 4012  45582 / Mannagettaea labiata H. Sm. nov. gen et spec. / ... / Prov. Sze-ch'uan [Sichuan, China], reg. bor.: Hsioch-shan, im prato / fruticoso ca. 3600 m.s.m. 7.8.1922 / Det. H. Smith 1933  leg. Harry Smith / Universitas Regia Upsaliensis" (PE 231420 - 00032335, isotype); idem (BM 000997924, isotype). Ic.: a, M. labiata in FRPS (accessed April 2017); b, f. 265, 1-5 in Flora of China.efloras.org. Host: Caragana Fabr. (Fabaceae). Distribution: China: Sichuan, Songpan

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Mylanche

Mylanche Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 75 (1825). Type Name: Mylanche virginiana (L.) Wallr. (1825); Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

Mylanche virginiana (L.) Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 76 (1825). Syn.: Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

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Myzorrhiza

Myzorrhiza Phil. in Linnaea 29: 36 (1857-58). Syn.: = Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray ( 1876). Type Name: Myzorrhiza chilensis Phil. (1858). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57 (2005)

Myzorrhiza californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray ( 1876)

Myzorrhiza chilensis Phil. in Linnaea 29: 36 (1858). Syn.:  Aphyllon chilense (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Myzorrhiza cooperi (A. Gray) Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.: Aphyllon cooperi A. Gray (1885)

Myzorrhiza corymbosa Rydb. in Bull Torrey Bot. Club 36: 696 (1909). Syn.:  Aphyllon corymbosum (Rydb.) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Myzorrhiza ludoviciana (Nutt.) Rydb. in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 1093 (1903 [22 July 1903]). Syn.:  Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray (1876)

Myzorrhiza grayana (Beck) Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum subsp. grayanum (Beck) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Myzorrhiza pinorum Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.: Aphyllon pinorum (Geyer ex Hook.) A. Gray (1876)

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Aeginetia - Anoplanthus - Anoplon - Aphyllon - Boschniakia - Boulardia - Catodiacrum - Ceratocalyx - Chorobanche - Christisonia - Cistanche - Conopholis - Diphelypaea - Epifagus - Gleadovia - Gymnocaulis - Haemodoron - Hyobanche - Kopsia - Kopsiopsis - Lathraea - Leptamnium - Mannagettaea - Loxanthes - Mylanche - Myzorrhiza - Orobanche - Orobanchella - PhacellanthusPhelipanche - Phelypaea [Phelipaea, Phelippaea, Phelypea, Phelipea, Phaelypaea, Phaelypae] - Platypholis - Thalesia - Tienmuia - Trionychon [Trionychion] - Xylanche - Other Genera of Orobanchaceae Vent. (1799) [nom. conserv.] in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Apr. 2009) – Host - References - Images  Authors - Advisers - Cite us - GBC - Editor-in-chief

Orobanche


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Orobanche L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Type Name: Orobanche major L. (Jarvis & al. in Regnum Veg. 127: 71. 1993). Obs. "They chose a type referable to Orobanche caryophyllacea ... The Committee accepts this lectotypification..." (N. Turland & F. Rumsey in Taxon 46: 787-789. 1997; Brummitt in Taxon 49: 263. 2000). "Lectotype of genus" [Orobanche major L. (= O. elatior Sutt., sec. Tzvelev, 2015: 202)]. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57, 58, 59, 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 63 (2005); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 13 f. 2 [phylogenetic relationships] (2008)

Orobanche C.A. Mey. in Ledeb., Fl. Altaica 2: 450 (1830). Syn.:Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche subgen. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 32: 266 (2007 [Dec. 2007]) [comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec. 1847-Mar. 1848); Ceratocalyx Coss. (1848), nom. illeg.; Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx Coss. ex Nyman (1854-1855) [nom. nov.] (Art. 55, Vienna Code); Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx (Coss.) Pomel (1874) [comb. superfl.]; Orobanche sect. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 659 (1890). Type Name: Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111 (2008)

Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx Coss. ex Nyman in Syll. Fl. Eur.: 130 (1854-1855) [nom. nov.] (Art. 55, Vienna Code). Syn.: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Type Name: Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. (Mar 1848) Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111 (2008)

Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx (Coss.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 108 (1874) [comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. "type Orobanche macrolepis, Coss. sub Ceratocalyx"

Orobanche subgen. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Schmalh., Fl. Ssredn. Jushn. Rossii 2: 295 (1897 [Nov 1897]). Syn.: Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Orobanche subgen. Monoschiza Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 108 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Monoschiza (Pomel) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909). Type Name: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874)

Orobanche subgen. Orobanche. Obs. see lectotypification of Orobanche L. (1753). Lectotype: "Lectotype of genus" [Orobanche major L. (= O. elatior Sutt., sec. Tzvelev, 2015: 202)]

Orobanche subgen. Osproleon (Wallr.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Osproleon Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 307 (1822); = Orobanche L. (1753); = Orobanche subgen. Orobanche

Orobanche subgen. Phelipanche (Pomel) Tzvelev in An.A. Fedorov, Fl. Evrop. Časti SSSR 5: 325 (1981) [comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Phelipanche Pomel (1874); = Orobanche subgen. Trionychon (Wallr.) Spach (1838); = Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr. (1822). Type Name: Orobanche ramosa L. (1753) [ Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)]. Obs. see A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 32: 265 (2007 [Dec. 2007])

Orobanche subgen. Phelypaea (Desf.) Nyman in Syll. Fl. Eur.: 133 (1854-1855) ["Phelipaea"]. Syn.:Phelipanche Pomel (1874) ["Trionychiones"], p.p. et – Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) ["Cistanches"], p.p.

Orobanche subgen. Trionychon (Wallr.) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 9: 262 (1838 [15 Aug 1838]) ["Sous-genre Trionychon Wallr. (Kopsia Dumort.)"]. Syn.: Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr. (1822); = Phelipanche Pomel (1874); = Orobanche subgen. Phelipanche (Pomel) Tzvelev (1981) [comb. superfl.]; = Orobanche subgen. Phelypaea (Desf.) Nyman (1854-1855), p.p. Obs. sec. É. Spach (1838: 262, "Fleurs 3-bractéolées")

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Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) ["Tribus B. Amoenae"] [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: Orobanche Grex Amoenae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 131 (1930); Orobanche subsect. Amoenae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Anoplon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 25, 66 (1825) ["Tribus III Anoplon"], p.p. [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: = Diphelypaea Nicolson (1975); = Aphyllon Mitch. (1769) (Nicolson, 1975: 654). Obs. Taxon 65: 194, "Ex 24bis"

Orobanche trib. Arcuatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) ["Tribus E. Arcuatae"] [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: Orobanche Grex Arcuatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 269 (1930), nom. invalid; Orobanche subsect. Arcuatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Note: "tribus" sensu Beck (1890) = "Grex" sensu Beck (1930) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]

Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) ["Tribus A. Coerulescentes"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche Grex Coerulescentes Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 115 (1930), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Coerulescentes Teryokhin, Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev) 37 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) ["Tribus F. Cruentae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Ampliatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 131 (1882) (Beck, 1930: 278); Orobanche Grex Cruentae Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 278 (1930); Orobanche subsect. Cruentae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev) 40 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 [168] (1890) ["Tribus D. Curvatae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Curvatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 128 (1882) (Beck, 1930: 243); Orobanche Grex Curvatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 243 (1930)

Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 [152] (1890) ["Tribus C. Galeatae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Galeatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 125 (1882) (Beck, 1890: 152 "Tribus"); Orobanche Grex Galeatae (Beck) Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 222 (1930), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 [208] (1890) ["Tribus G. Glandulosae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Glandulosae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 132 (1882) (Beck, 1930: 142); Orobanche Grex Glandulosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 142 (1930), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Glandulosae Teryokhin (1993)

Orobanche trib. Haemodoron Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 26, 69 (1825) ["Tribus IV Haemodoron"] (cf. Beck, 1930: 26 "sect.") [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn.: Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813), p.p.; Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.; Orobanche L. (1753), p.p.; Harveya Hook., p.p.

Orobanche trib. Minores Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 [228] (1890) ["Tribus I. Minores"], nom. invalid. Syn:  Orobanche [unranked] Minores Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 135 (1882); Orobanche Grex Minores Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 167 (1930), nom. invalid.

Orobanche trib. Osproleon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 21, 29 (1825) ["Tribus I Osproleon"] (cf. Beck, 1930: 44 "sect.") [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn.: Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche trib. Speciosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 224 (1890), nom. invalid. Syn:  Orobanche Grex Speciosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 136 (1930), nom. invalid.

Orobanche trib. Trionychon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 23[-25] (1825) [23, "Tribus II Trionychon"; 58, "Sect. II Trionychon"] (cf. Beck, 1930: 44 "sect.") [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: Phelipanche Pomel (1874)

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Orobanche Grex Amoenae Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 131 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890), nom. invalid. Note: "tribus" sensu Beck (1890) = "Grex" sensu Beck (1930) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Obs. "Grex" ICBN 1952 (Stockholm Code), ICNCP 2009 Art. 4, 23

Orobanche Grex Arcuatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 269 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Arcuatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]

Orobanche Grex Coerulescentes Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 115 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890), nom. invalid. (Beck, 1930: 278 "Tribus")

Orobanche Grex Curvatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 243 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890), nom. invalid.

Orobanche Grex Cruentae Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 278 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890), nom. invalid. (Beck, 1930: 278)

Orobanche Grex Galeatae (Beck) Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 222 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. [Бот. мат. (Ленин-град)] 13: 327 (1950); Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993)

Orobanche Grex Glandulosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 142 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890), nom. invalid.

Orobanche Grex Minores Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 167 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn:  Orobanche [unranked] Minores Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 135 (1882) (Beck, 1890: 228; Beck, 1930: 167); Orobanche trib. Minores Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135[ 228] (1890), nom. invalid.

Orobanche Grex Speciosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 136 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Speciosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 224 (1890), nom. invalid.

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Orobanche sect. Angustatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909). Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 125 (1882); Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) (view IPNI entry)

Orobanche sect. Anoplon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 66 (1825) ["Tribus III Anoplon"] (Beck, 1930: 42, 44) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: = Diphelypaea Nicolson (1975), p.p.; = Aphyllon Mitch. (1769), p.p.

Orobanche sect. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 659 (1890 [Dec 1890]). Syn: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848); Ceratocalyx Coss. (1848), nom. illeg.

Orobanche sect. Euanoplon (Endl. ex Walp.) Thieret in J. Arnold Arbor. 52(3): 425 (1971), nom. inv. (Art. 21.3 ICN)

Orobanche sect. Eucistanche Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 57 (1890), nom. inv. (Art. 21.3 ICN)

Orobanche sect. Gamosepalae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847)

Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. in Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 59 (1818). Syn: Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848)

Orobanche sect. Haemodoron Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 69 (1825) (Beck, 1930: 26) ["Tribus IV Haemodoron", nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6) (Wallroth, 1825: 69)]. Syn.: Haemodoron Rchb. (1828), non Sm.; Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813), p.p.; Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.; Orobanche L. (1753), p.p.; Harveya Hook., p.p.

Orobanche sect. Holoclada Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 13(1): 305 (1950) [Бот. мат. (Ленинград) 13: 303 (1950)] (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Syn.: = Phelipanche sect. Arenaria Teryokhin (1993) (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Type Name: "Lectotypus (Tzvelev, hic designatus): P. kelleri Novopokr." (Tzvelev, 2015: 200)

Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909 [July 1909]). Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 124 (1882). Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) (Tzvelev, 1981: 328; 2015: 212)

Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Tzvelev, Fl. Evrop. Časti SSSR 5: 328 (1981) [isonym, comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 124 (1882). Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) (Tzvelev, 1981: 328; 2015: 212)

Orobanche sect. Kopsiopsis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 74, 85 (1890). Syn.: Kopsiopsis (Beck) Beck (1930)

Orobanche sect. Kotschyinae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche kotschyi Reut. (1847)

Orobanche sect. Monoschiza (Pomel) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909). Syn.: Orobanche subgen. Monoschiza Pomel (1874). Type Name: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874)

Orobanche sect. Myzorrhiza Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 78 (1890). Syn.: = Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray (1876)

Orobanche sect. Nothaphyllon (A. Gray) Heckard in Madrońo 22(2): 41 (1973). Syn.: Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray (1876)

Orobanche sect. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)]. Lectotype: "Lectotype of genus" [Orobanche major L. (= O. elatior Sutt., sec. Tzvelev, l.c.)]; see lectotypification in Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche sect. Osproleon Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 307 (1822) (Duby, 1828: 348, "Sect. I Osproleon Wallr."; F.W. Schultz, 1830: 500; Beck, 1882: 117). Syn.: = Orobanche L. (1753). Obs. Wallroth (1822: 307, "Flores bractea 1 suffulti"); Beck (1830: 113)

Orobanche sect. Osproleon Wallr. ex Duby, Bot. Gall.: 350 (1828), nom. superfl. (Tzvelev, 1981: 328). Syn.: = Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche sect. Pleioclada Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 13(1): 303 (1950) [Бот. мат. (Ленинград) 13: 303 (1950)] (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Pleioclada (Novopokr.) Novopokr. & Tzvelev (1958)

Orobanche sect. Tribracteatae Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 212 (1816) (see Art. 20.2)

Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 314 (1822) (Duby, 1828: 348, "Sect. II Trionychon Wallr."; F.W. Schultz, 1830: 500; Beck, 1882: 117). Syn: Phelipanche Pomel (1874). Obs. Wallroth (1822: 314, "Calyx connatus, integer, 4-5 - fidus. Bracteae 3: interiores minores corollam munientes.")

Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask. 23: 58 (1825) ["Sect. II Trionychon"], nom. superfl. Syn: Phelipanche Pomel (1874)

Orobanche sect. Unibracteatae Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816) (Art. 20.2). Syn.:Orobanche L. (1753). Obs. cf. Beck (1930: 113, "corollis 4-lobis")

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Orobanche subsect. Amoenae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (Teryokhin, 1997: 15)

Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 125 (1882 [Mar.-Jul. 1882]) ["Subsectio B.) Angustatae"] (Beck, 1890: 152) [et Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890)]. Syn.: Orobanche sect. Angustatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909)

Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) ["Subsectio II Angustatae"]. Syn: Orobanche sect. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)] (Tzvelev, 1981)

Orobanche subsect. Arcuatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Arcuatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche colorata K. Koch (1844)

Orobanche subsect. Camptolepides Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879)

Orobanche subsect. Coerulescentes Teryokhin, Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche subsect. Cruentae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798)

Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. [Бот. мат. (Ленин-град)] 13: 327 (1950). Syn: Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)] (Tzvelev, 2015: 203)

Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)

Orobanche subsect. Glandulosae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche subsect. Hederae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828)

Orobanche subsect. Holoclada (Novopokr.) Novopokr. & Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 44 (1958). Syn: Orobanche sect. Holoclada Novopokr. (1950) (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Syn.: = Phelipanche sect. Arenaria Teryokhin (1993) (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Type Name: "Lectotypus (Tzvelev, hic designatus): P. kelleri Novopokr." (Tzvelev, 2015: 200)

Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 124 (1882 [Mar.-Jul. 1882]) ["Subsectio A.) Inflatae"]. Syn:  Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909)

Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 136 (1890). Syn:  Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909)

Orobanche subsect. Minores Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993). Syn:  Orobanche trib. Minores Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135[228] (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche subsect. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)]

Orobanche subsect. Orobanche sensu Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993), nom. illeg. Syn: Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]; Orobanche Grex Curvatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 243 (1930), nom. inv. Type Name: Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) [= Orobanche major L. sensu Teryokhin]

Orobanche subsect. Pleioclada (Novopokr.) Novopokr. & Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 59 (1958). Syn: Orobanche sect. Pleioclada Novopokr. (1950)

Orobanche subsect. Speciosae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Speciosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 224 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche speciosa DC. (1815) [= Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775)]

Orobanche subsect. Vitellinae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 41 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche vitellina Novopokr. (1950)

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Orobanche ser. Albescentes Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 12: 284 (1950)

Orobanche ser. Alsaticae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche ser. Amoenae Novopokr. & Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 74 (1958). Syn: Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (Teryokhin, 1997: 15)

Orobanche ser. Amoenae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (Teryokhin, 1997: 15)

Orobanche ser. Camptolepides Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 82[-83] (1958). Type Name: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879)

Orobanche ser. Coerulescentes Novopokr. & Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 71 (1958). Syn: Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 136 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]; = Orobanche ser. Araneosae Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. ANSSSR: 311 (1950), p.p. Type Name: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche ser. Clarkei Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche clarkei Hook. f. (1884)

Orobanche ser. Cernua Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 13: 314 (1930). Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) (Tzvelev, 1981: 328)

Orobanche ser. Crassicaules Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 13: 317 (1950)

Orobanche ser. Kotschyanae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 41 (1993)

Orobanche ser. Minores Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 135 (1882 [Mar-Jul 1882])

Orobanche ser. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)]

Orobanche ser. Orobanche sensu Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993), nom. illeg.

Orobanche ser. Pycnostachyae Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 73 (1958). Type Name: Orobanche pycnostachya Hance (1873)

Orobanche ser. Sordidae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 41 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche sordida C.A. Mey. (1830)

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Orobanche [unranked] Ampliatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 131 (1882) ["3. Ampliatae"] (Beck, 1890: 195, "a tribu Ampliatae"; Beck, 1930: 278). Syn: Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]

Orobanche [unranked] Curvatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 128 [120] (1882) ["2. Curvatae"] (Beck, 1930: 243). Syn: Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 [168] (1890), nom. invalid

Orobanche [unranked] Galeatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 125 [119] (1882) (Beck, 1890: 152 "Tribus Galeatae Beck, in Halácsy und Braun"; Beck, 1930: 222)

Orobanche [unranked] Glandulosae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 132 [118] (1882) (Beck, 1890: 208; Beck, 1930: 142). Syn: Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890)

Orobanche [unranked] Minores Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 135 (1882)

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Orobanche abyssinica A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 137 (1851). Syn: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche acaulis Roxb., Hort. Beng.: 45 (1814), nom. nud.

Orobanche acaulis Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 3(4): 89 (1820 [18 Feb. 1820]). Syn.:  Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

Orobanche aconiti-lycoctoni Moreno Mor., G. Gómez, Ó. Sánchez, Carlón & M. Laínz in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 1: 37[-44], 41 t. 13 [illustration with analysis], 42 t. 14-43 t.15-44 t.16 [phot.] (2002 [Nov 2002]). Syn.: = Orobanche lycoctoni Rhiner (1890-91)

Orobanche aeginetia L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2(2): 883 (1763 [Aug 1763]). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806 [Nov 1806]). Syn.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche aegyptiaca subsp. euaegyptiaca Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique 26: 220 (1935), nom. inv. (Art 21.3 ICN). Syn.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche aegyptiaca subsp. tunetana (Beck) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique 26: 220 (1935). Syn.: = Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche aegyptiaca subsp. tunetana var. eutunetana (Beck) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique 26: 220 (1935), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche aegyptiaca var. tricholoba (Reut.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 103, t. 1, f. 14(5) (1890). Syn.: Phelypaea tricholoba Reut. (1847) (sec. Beck, 1890: 103, "excl. var. simplex")

Orobanche aegyptiaca var. lasianthera Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 31 (1929). Syn.: = Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche aegyptiaca subsp. euaegyptiaca var. lanuginosa Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique 26: 220 (1935). Syn.: = Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche aegyptiaca var. tacassea (Beck) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 4 (Suppl.): 1129 (1941). Syn.: = Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche aegyptiaca var. typica f. aemula Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 102, t. 1 f. 14(3) (1890). Syn.: = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche aegyptiaca subsp. tunetana var. eutunetana f. macrantha Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique 26: 220 (1935). Syn.: = Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 350 (1800). Syn.: = Orobanche epithymum DC. (1805)

Orobanche alba subsp. cuprea (Boiss. & Balansa ex Boiss.) Uhlich, Kreutz & Rätzel in Phytotaxa 222(1): 4 (2015). Syn.: = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka in Preslia 72(1): 88 (2000). Syn.: Orobanche epithymum var. major Čelak. (1871)

Orobanche alba subsp. xanthostigma Rätzel & Uhlich in Feddes Repert. 115(1-2): 198[-201], fig. 4 (2004). Syn.: = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche alba var. hellebori (Miégev.) Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 187-188 (1893). Syn: = Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (1847)

Orobanche alba var. raddeana (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 154 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche raddeana Beck (1890)

Orobanche alba var. superba (Solms ex Čelak.) Uhlich & Rätzel in Phytotaxa 222(1): 7 (2015). Syn: = Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000)

Orobanche alba f. grigorjevii (Novopokr.) Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. Budantsev): 39 (1993). Syn.: Orobanche grigorjevii Novopokr. (1950)

Orobanche alba f. hellebori (Miégev.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 212 (1890). Syn: = Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (1847)

Orobanche alba f. maxima Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 210 (1890). Syn.: = Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000)

Orobanche albolanata Steud., Nom. 2 (ed. 2.): 230 (1841). Syn.: = Orobanche caerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche alexandri Tineo in Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 845 (1844). Syn.: = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche almeriensis A. Pujadas in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 53: 48[-52], 51 f. 1 [illustration with analysis] (1995). Syn.: Orobanche amethystea var. almeriensis (A. Pujadas) A. Pujadas (2002). Ind. loc.: "Typus. Almería [Spain]: Albox Sierra de las Estancias, entre El Santuario y El Saliente Alto, 30SWG7453, 950 msm, parásito sobre Andryala ragusina L., 11.V.1994, A. Pujadas Salvá, COA 16482, holotypus" Obs. Pujadas, A. & Lora, A. Orobanche almeriensis A. Pujadas (Orobanchaceae), nueva especie del sureste de la Península Ibérica. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 53: 45-53. 1995; Foley in Fl. iberica 14: 57. 2001, ? = Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874)

Orobanche alpestris F.W. Schultz, Flora (Regensb.) 23: 128 (1840). Syn.: = Orobanche salviae F.W. Schultz (1830)

Orobanche alpigena K. Koch, Linnaea 22: 668 (1849). Syn.: ? = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche alsatica Kirschl., Prodr. Fl. Alsace: 109 (1836). Syn.: = Orobanche cervariae Suard ex Godr. (1843)

Orobanche alsatica F.W. Schultz, Fl. Gall. Germ. exs. cent. 1 (1836), nom. nud. Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche alsatica [F.W. Schultz ex] Suard (1840 [2 July 1840]) [in sched., nom. nud.]. Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche alsatica [F.W. Schultz ex Suard (1840) ex] F.W.Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 70 (1844), pro syn. Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche alsatica subsp. libanotidis (Rupr.) Tzvel. in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 363 (1973). Syn.: = Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844)

Orobanche alsatica subsp. mayeri (Suess. & Ronniger) Kreutz, Orobanche (Central & N. Europe) 1: 56 (1995). Syn.: Orobanche mayeri (Suess. & Ronniger) Bertsch & F. Batsch (1948)

Orobanche alsatica var. caudata (De Not.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 480 (1902). Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche alsatica var. laserpitii-sileris (Reut.) Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 129 (1882). Syn.: = Orobanche laserpitii-sileris Reut. ex Jord. (1846)

Orobanche alsatica var. libanotidis (Rupr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 177 (1890). Syn.: = Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844)

Orobanche alsatica var. mayeri Suess. & Ronniger, Beitr. Naturk. Forssch. Oberrheingeb. 7: 125[-127] (1942). Syn.: Orobanche alsatica subsp. mayeri (Suess. & Ronniger) Kreutz (1995)

Orobanche alsatica var. yuennanensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 259 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche yuennanensis (Beck) Hand.-Mazz. (1936)

Orobanche alsatica, "morfotyp parazitujicí na Seseli osseum" sec. Zázvorka, Orobanche [...] In [...] Flora of the Czech Republic (Kvetena Ceske republiky), 6 (field guide): 510-512, 509 t. 82 3-3a (2000)]. Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche altisima F.W. de Noë ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890), pro syn. Syn.: = Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775)

Orobanche americana L., Mant. Pl. 1: 88[-89] (1767). Syn.:  Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche amethystea Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris ed. 2: 317 (1799). Syn.: = Orobanche eryngii [Vaucher ex] Duby (1828)

Orobanche amethystea subsp. castellana (Reut.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 185 (1909). Syn.:  Orobanche castellana Reut. (1847)

Orobanche amethystea var. almeriensis (A. Pujadas) A. Pujadas in López Sáez & al. (eds.). Pl. Par. Pen. Ibérica: 395 (2002). Syn.:  Orobanche almeriensis A. Pujadas (1995)

Orobanche amethystea var. galactitis Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 662 (1890). Syn: = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche amethystea var. eryngii ([Vaucher ex] Duby) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie 1: 662 (1890). Syn.: = Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799)

Orobanche amethystea var. henriquesii J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 128 (1904). Syn.: = Orobanche castellana Reut. (1847) (sec. Pujadas, 2002: 395)

Orobanche amethystea var. maura Jahand. & Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 68 (1923). Syn.: = Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775)

Orobanche amethystina [Thuill. ex] Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 42, t. 685 f. 920, t. 686 f. 921 (1829), nom. superfl. [orthographic variant]. Syn.: = Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799)

Orobanche // Inicio / Top of page // References

Orobanche ammophila C.A. Mey. in Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 2: 454 (1830). Syn.: = Orobanche caerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) (cf. Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 83)

Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. in Ledeb., Fl. Alt. 2: 457 (1830). Syn.: = Orobanche colossea (Beck) Novopokr. (1950)

Orobanche amoenoides Kabulov in Nov. ser. 109 (Biol.): 115 (1961). Syn.: = Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830)

Orobanche amoena var. calycina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 31 (1847). Syn.: = Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830)

Orobanche amurensis (Beck) Kom. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 25: 469 (1907). Syn.:  Orobanche pycnostachya var. amurensis (Beck) Beck (1930)

Orobanche anatolica Boiss. & Reut. ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 17 (1847 [25 Nov. 1847]). Syn.: = ? Orobanche colorata K. Koch (1844); = Orobanche leucopogon Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss. (1879)

Orobanche androssovii Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 309 (1950). Syn.:  Phelipanche androssovii (Novopokr.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche angelicifixa Péteaux & St. Lager in Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 27: 221 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche fuliginosa var. typica f. angelicifixa (Péteaux & St. Lager) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 217 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Frankreich: Auf Angelica archangelica L. im Garten der Veterinär-Schule in Lyon [France] gefunden (nach Péteaux und St. Lager)." (sec. Beck, 1930: 217, sub O. angelifixa)

Orobanche angustelaciniata Gilli in Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 63: 326 (1961)Syn: Phelipanche angustelaciniata (Gilli) Holub (1977)

Orobanche angustisepala F.W. Schultz in Flora 26: 130 (1843). Syn.: = Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775)

Orobanche antirrhina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 21 (1847). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche apiculata Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 310 (1822). Syn: = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche apuana Domina & Soldano in Phytotaxa 207(2): 164 (2015). Syn.: = Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863)

Orobanche arachnoidea F.W. Schultz ex K. Koch, Linnaea 22: 669 (1849). Syn.: = Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822)

Orobanche arbuti Senn., nom. illeg. Syn.: = Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799)

Orobanche arenaria Borkh. in Neues Mag. Bot. 1: 6 (1794). Syn.:  Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche arenaria f. robusta (A. Dietr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 130 (1890). Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche arenaria f. sareptana Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 130 (1890). Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche arenaria f. typica (A. Dietr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 129 (1890), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche ariana Gontsch. in Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 1: 173 (1933). Syn.: = Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830)

Orobanche arizonica L.T. Collins in Phytoneuron 2015(48): 16, f. 1, 2, 4, 5, 6A, 7 (2015). Syn.:  Aphyllon arizonicum (L.T. Collins) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche armena Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23 [Addenda 22]: 686 [99] (1958) [view IPNI entry]. Ind. loc.: "Described from Turkey, close to its border with Armenia (Kagyzman, along Kagyzman - Darasu gully close to Araks, 18.VI.1886, V. Massalskii). Type in Leningrad (LE)"

Orobanche artemisiae [Vaucher ex] Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France: 638 (1853). Syn.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 179 (1829). Syn.: = Orobanche loricata Rchb. (1829)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830). Syn.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829)

Orobanche de l'Artémise des champs Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 62[-63] [t. 13] (1827). Syn.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris sensu Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor. & Ó. Sánchez in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 1: 21, 25-26 (2002) ["cf."], non Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829). Syn.: = Orobanche serbica Beck & Petrovic (1885)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris subsp. calendulae (Pomel) O. Bolňs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot, Fl. Manual Paďsos Catalans: 769 (1990). Syn.:  Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris subsp. picridis (F.W. Schultz) O. Bolňs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot, Fl. Manual Paďsos Catalans: 769 (1990). Syn.:  Orobanche picridis F.W. Schultz (1830)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris subsp. santolinae (Loscos & J. Pardo) O. Bolňs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot, Fl. Manual Paďsos Catalans: 769 (1990). Syn.:  Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863)

Orobanche artemisia-camphoratae Petrovic ["Artemisia camphoratae", in litt., nom. illeg. (sec. Beck, 1890: 215)]. Syn.: Orobanche serbica Beck & Petrovic (1885)

Orobanche de l'Artemise commune Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 65 [t. 14] (1827), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche artemisia-vulgaris [Vaucher ex] Duby, Bot. Gall.: 350 (1828), pro syn. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche artemisiae-vulgaris [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830), pro syn. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche artemisiepiphyta St.-Lag., Cat. Fl. Bass. Rhône: 611 (1883). Syn.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829)

Orobanche artemisiophya St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 652 (1889). Syn.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829)

Orobanche arvensis Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 33 (1827). Syn: = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche asiatica Weinm. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 23: 552 (1850). Syn.: = Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche astragali Mouterde in Saussurea 4: 23 (1973). Syn.: Phelipanche astragali (Mouterde) Holub (1990)

Orobanche atropurpurea F.W. Schultz, Flora 23: 128 (1840), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829)

Orobanche atrorubens F.W. Schultz, Flora 23: 128 (1840), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829)

Orobanche attica Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847). Syn.: = Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799)

Orobanche auranitica Mouterde, Fl. Djebel Druze: 182 (1953). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche australiana F. Muell. Syst. Cens. Au. Pl. Suppl. 1: 98 (1884). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche australis Moris ex Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 440 (1846). Obs. "only known from Sardinia [Sardegna]" (sec. Domina & Arrigoni, 2007: 117)

Orobanche austrohispanica M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 224 (2001). Syn.: = Orobanche gracilis subsp. deludens (Beck) A. Pujadas (2006)

Orobanche avellanae Pfund, Flora 26(1): 183 (1843). Syn.: ? = Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816)

Orobanche // Inicio / Top of page // References

Orobanche badchysensis Novopokr. & V.V. Nikitin in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 315 (1950). Syn: ? = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche balearica Sennen & Pau in Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 8: 18 (1911). Syn.: = Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828)

Orobanche ballii (Maire) Domina in Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 763 f. 2a (2013). Syn.: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii (Maire) Carlón & al. (2008)

Orobanche ballotae A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 29 (1997). Syn.: = Orobanche minor f. albens sensu A. Pujadas & A. Lora (1996), non Beck (1921)

Orobanche balsensis (J.A. Guim.) Carlón, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor. & Ó. Sánchez in Fl. Montiber. 60: 39 (2015 [May 2015]). Syn.:  Orobanche loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. subvar. balsensis J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 163[-164] (1904)

Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1797). Syn.: = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche barbata [var.] atropurpurea Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 183 (1804). Syn.: = Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789)

Orobanche baumanniorum Greuter in Willdenowia 16(2): 448 (1987 [9 Mar 1987]). Isotype: Greece, Attika, Mt. Parnis [Parnitha / Πάρνηθα / Parnes]; parasitisch auf Pterocephalus perennis. 05.1974, H. Baumann s.n." (B 10 0294598)

Orobanche baumanniorum var. longebracteata Uhlich in Willdenowia 24(1-2): 50 (1994). Syn.: = Orobanche baumanniorum Greuter (1987). Holotype: Greece, Attika; um Athen, S.-Hang des Berges Parnes; offene Kalkschuttflur. Alt.: 800-900 m. 31.05.1990, H. Uhlich s.n. (B 10 0294599). Host: Pterocephalus perennis Coult.

Orobanche bartlingii Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2 : 57 (1844). Syn.: = Orobanche libanotidis Rupr. (1845)

Orobanche benkertii Rätzel & Uhlich in Feddes Repert. 115: 190 (2004). Ind. loc.: Northwest Caucasus mountains. Holotypus: Rossia [Russia / Россия], in Caucasi boreooccidentali (Adygaea [Republic of Adygea / Республика Адыгея]), monti Bolschoi Tchatsch, declivi occidentali infra pascua Poljana Knjažeskaja, in silvis calidis, supra calces triassica, 1700 m s. m., ad radices Astrantiae cf. ponticae, parasitica, leg. Rätzel 08.08.2001 n. 2281 (B). Hosts: Astrantia cf. pontica Albov (Apiaceae), Solidago virgaurea L. (Compositae)

Orobanche benthamii Timb.-Lagr. in Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse ser. 7, 6: 643 (1874) [nom. nov.]. Syn.: = Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799)

Orobanche berberidis (W.D.J. Koch) Facchini, Fl. Südtirols: 76 (1855). Syn.: = Orobanche lucorum A. Braun ex F.W. Schultz (1830)

Orobanche berthelotii Webb in Webb & Berthel., Phytogr. Can. 3: 155 (1845). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche bicolor C.A. Mey. in Ledeb., Fl. Altaica 2: 458 (1830). Syn.: = Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche bicolor Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 448 (1846), non Orobanche bicolor C.A. Mey. in Ledeb., Fl. Altaica 2: 458 (1830). Syn:  Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche bipontina F.W. Schultz, Flora 12: 464 (1829). Syn.: = Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)

Orobanche bohemica Čelak., Sitz. Boehm. Ges. Wiss.: 61 (1874). Syn.: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000)

Orobanche bohemica Čelak. in Österr. Bot. Z. 29: 362 (1879). Syn.: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000)

Orobanche boissieri Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 118 t. 217 (1862). Syn: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche boninsimae (Maxim.) Tuyama in Sigenkagaku-Ken-Kyusho-Iho 10: 18 (1946). Syn.: Platypholis boninsimae Maxim. (1887)

Orobanche borbasiana Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 173 (1890). Syn.: = Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847)

Orobanche borkhausenii Andrz. ex Besser in Flora 15(2): 19 (1832), nom. nud. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche borkhausenii Besser ex Reut. in DC. Prod. 11: 6 (1847), pro syn. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche borealis Turcz. ex Kar. & Kir. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 722 (1841). Syn.: ? = Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) (sec. Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 44[ 53]); ? = Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [saltem p.p.]

Orobanche borealis Turcz. ex Kar. & Kir. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 420 (1842), nom. nud. Syn.: ? = Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) (sec. Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 44[ 53]); ? = Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [saltem p.p.]

Orobanche borissovae Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 305 (1950). Syn.: Phelipanche borissovae (Novopokr.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche bovei Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847 [25 Nov. 1847]). Syn: = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche brachypoda Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 303 (1950). Syn.:   Phelipanche brachypoda (Novopokr.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche brachysepala F.W.Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 69 (1844), pro syn. Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche brassicae (Novopokr.) Novopokr. in Izv. Donsk. Inst. Sel'sk. Khoz. Melior. 9: 47 (1929) Syn.:  Phelipanche brassicae (Beck) Soják (1972)

Orobanche brevidens Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 12: 282, f. 4 (1950). Syn: ? = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche bucharica Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 318 (1950) [in Not. Syst. Leningrad. 12: 287 (1950)]. Syn.: = Orobanche kotschyi Reut. (1847)

Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov. 1844]). Syn.: = Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816) (cf. Zázvorka, 2000: 505)

Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: t. 145 (1835). Syn.: = Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816)

Orobanche buhsei Reut. in Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 169 (1860). Syn.: ? = Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798); ? = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche bulbosa Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 83[-84] (1890). Syn.:  Aphyllon tuberosum (A. Gray) A. Gray (1876)

Orobanche bungeana Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 119 (1890) ["Bungeana"] Syn.:  Phelipanche bungeana (Beck) Soják (1972)

Orobanche // Inicio / Top of page // References

Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787). Syn.: = Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche caerulea sensu Benth., Cat. Pl. Pyrénées: 109 (1826), non Orobanche caerulea Vill. (1787). Syn.: Phelipanche inexspectata Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche caerulea auct., non Orobanche caerulea Vill. (1787). Syn.:Phelipanche georgii-reuteri Carlón & al. (2005)

Orobanche caerulea var. millefolii Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 8: 33 t. DCCLXXXIV f. 1056-1057 (1830). Syn.: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón & al. (2008)

Orobanche caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz., Agg. Fl. Venet., ser. 5. VIII: 146 (1882). Syn.: = Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche caerulescens [orthographic variant, vide Orobanche coerulescens (cf. ICBN - Vienna Code, 60.3)]

Orobanche caesia Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 48, t. 698 f. 936 (1829). Syn.: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche caesia sensu Guss., Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 138 (1834), non Orobanche caesia Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 48, t. 698 f. 936 (1829). Obs. "10. O. caesia. Reich. pl. cr. cent. 7 [...] Ad radices Artemisiae camphoratae; Madonia [Sicily, Italy]"

Orobanche caesia sensu Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 635 (1853). Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [saltem p.p.]

Orobanche caesia var. borealis (Turcz.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 122 (1890). Syn.: = Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [saltem p.p.]

Orobanche caesia (Rchb.) var. typica f. nowackiana (Markgr.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr., Orobanchac.: 100 (1930). Syn.: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche calendulae Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 110 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris subsp. calendulae (Pomel) O. Bolňs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot (1990)

Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. in Linnaea 3: 134[-136] (1828). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray (1876)

Orobanche californica subsp. condensa Heckard in Madrońo 22: 59[-60, f. 1I-L, 5] (1973). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum subsp. condensum (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche californica subsp. feudgei (Munz) Heckard in Madrońo 22: 62 (1973). Syn.: Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei (Munz) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche californica subsp. grandis Heckard in Madrońo 22: 60[-62, f. 1P-R, 3A, 4E, 5] (1973). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum subsp. grande (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche californica subsp. grayana (Beck) Heckard in Madrońo 22: 54 (1973). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum subsp. grayanum (Beck) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche californica subsp. jepsonii (Munz) Heckard in Madrońo 22: 57 (1973). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum subsp. jepsonii (Munz) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche californica var. parishii Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 952 (1925). Syn.:  Aphyllon parishii (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche calotropidis Edgew. in J. Bot. (Hooker) 2(14): 285 (1840). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1885)

Orobanche camphorosmae (Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew.) A. Pujadas & Triano in G. Domina & E. Raab-Straube Orobanchaceae. Euro+Med Plantbase (2010), comb. ined. Syn.: Phelipanche camphorosmae Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008)

Orobanche camphorosmae (Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew.) A. Pujadas & Triano in Mota, J.F., Sánchez-Gómez, P. & Guirado, J.S. (eds.). Div. Veg. Yeseras Ibéricas: 277 (2011). Syn.: Phelipanche camphorosmae Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008)

Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. in Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 515[-516] (1879 [Apr.-May 1879]). Syn.: = Orobanche ovata Blakelock (1950)

Orobanche campuliflora (Lojac.) Lojac., Fl. Sic. 2(2): 170 (1904). Syn.: = Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822)

Orobanche canescens C. Presl in J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 72 (1822). Syn.: = Orobanche littoralis Lojac. (1883), nom. illeg.

Orobanche canescens Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 50 (1833 [Mar. 1833]). Syn.: = Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche cannabios [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830). Syn.: = Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche cannabis [Vaucher ex] Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828). Syn.: = Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche capensis Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. 2: 97 (1800). Syn.: = Harveya bolusii Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3[3]: 234 (1898 [28 Sep. 1898])

Orobanche cardui Saut. ex F.W. Schultz, Flora 34: 95 (1851). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche carlinoidis Miégev. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 347 (1865). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche carnea Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 246 (1854 [1855]). Syn.: = Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799)

Orobanche carotae Des Moul. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 3: 78 (1835). Syn: = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 169 (1798). Syn: = Orobanche vulgaris Poir. (1798); = Orobanche galii Duby (1828)

Orobanche caryophyllacea f. atlantica (Batt.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr., Orobanchac.: 232 (1930). Syn: = Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874)

Orobanche castellana Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847). Syn.: Orobanche amethystea subsp. castellana (Reut.) Rouy (1909); = Orobanche amethystea var. henriquesii J.A. Guim. (1904) (sec. Pujadas, 2002: 395). Ind. loc.: "In lapidosis Castellae Novae ad radices montium Carpetanorum prope Escurialem [Montes Carpetanos (Sierra de Guadarrama), El Escorial, Autonomous Community of Madrid, Spain] in radicibus Digitalis Thapsiae parasiticam legi jun. 1841". Obs. Burdet & al. (1988:727-728, typus); D. Jeanmonod (2007: 194, "Lectotypus (désigné ici): Espagne: Escurial, 1841, Reuter s.n. (G nş G00001626), [l'exemplaire de gauche] (fig. 1).")

Orobanche caudata De Not., Prospett. Fl. Ligust.: 53 (1846). Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche caucasica Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 34(466)[-35(-467)] (1922). Syn.: Phelipanche caucasica (Beck) Sojak ex Teryokhin (1993); ? = Phelipanche bungeana (Beck) Soják (1972) (sec. Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 55); ? = Phelipanche pulchella (C.A. Mey.) Soják (1972) (sec. Grosshein, 1949)

Orobanche caucasica f. flava Gilli in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 394 (1971). Syn.: = Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche caucasica f. fusco-lutea Gilli in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 393 (1971). Syn.: = Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche // Inicio / Top of page // References

Orobanche de la Centaurée scabieuse Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 61 (1827), nom. illeg. Syn.: ? = Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798)

Orobanche centaureae-scabiosae [Vaucher ex] Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828), pro syn. Syn.: ? = Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798)

Orobanche centaureae-scabiosae [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit. Blätt. 5: 500 (1830). Syn.: ? = Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798)

Orobanche centaureae-scabiosae Holandre, Nouv. Fl. Moselle (ed. 2): 520 (1842). Syn.: = Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798)

Orobanche centaurina Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 430 (1846). Syn.: ? = Orobanche picridis F.W. Schultz (1830) (sec. Beck, 1890: 246, "Spec. orig. non vidi."); ? = Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) (sec. Reuter, 1847: 718)

Orobanche cernua L. in Loefl., Iter Hispan.: 152 (1758). Syn.: = Orobanche media Desf. (1798)

Orobanche cernua auct. gall. plur., p.p., non L. in Loefl., Iter Hispan.: 152 (1758). Syn.: = Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz (1845)

Orobanche cernua subsp. cumana (Wallr.) Soó in Feddes Repert. 83: 187 (1972). Syn.: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche cernua subsp. parviflora Kotov, Sov. Bot. 4: 90 (1935). Syn.: = Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche cernua subsp. rajahmundrica Teryokhin in Adv. Paras. Pl. Res.: 246 (1996). Syn.: = Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche cernua var. australiana (F. Muell.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr., Orobanchac.: 128 (1930). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cernua var. bicolor (C.A. Mey.) Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 32 (1847). Syn.: = Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche cernua var. cumana (Wallr.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr., Orobanchac.: 128 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche cernua var. desertorum (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr., Orobanchac.: 127 (1930). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cernua var. hansii (A. Kern.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr., Orobanchac.: 128 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche hansii A. Kern. (1870)

Orobanche cernua var. nepalensis Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 33 (1847 [25 Nov. 1847]). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cernua var. typica (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 127 (1930), nom. illeg. Syn:  Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cernua f. australiana (F. Muell.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 144 (1890). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cernua var. latebracteata f. camptolepis (Boiss. & Reut.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 126 (1930). Syn: = Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879)

Orobanche cernua f. cumana (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 143, t. 2 f. 33(3) (1890). Syn.: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche cernua f. desertorum Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 142, t. 2 f. 33(1) (1890). Syn: = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cernua f. hansii (A. Kern.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 144, t. 2 f. 33(4) (1890). Syn.: Orobanche hansii A. Kern. (1870)

Orobanche cernua f. kryptantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 143, t. 2, f. 33(2) (1890). Syn: = Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879)

Orobanche cernua f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 143 (1890), nom. illeg. Syn:  Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche cervariae Kirschl., Flora 18(1): 303 (1835). Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche cervariae Suard ex Godr., Fl. Lorr. 2(ed. 1): 180 (1843). Syn.: = Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836)

Orobanche cervariae var. seseli Petitm. in Monde Pl. 2(6): 48 (1904). Syn.: = Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844)

Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 [-69, t. 16] (1827), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Orobanche chassia Formánek in Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 35: 178 (1897). Syn.: = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche chilensis (Phil.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 82[-83], t. 1 f. 6 (1890). Syn.:  Aphyllon chilense (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Orobanche chironii Lojac., Contr. Fl. Sic.: 12 (1878). Syn.: Orobanche alsatica var. chironii (Lojac.) Bég. (1902)

Orobanche chrysacanthi Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 15: 390 (1924). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata auct., non Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825)

Orobanche chrysanthemi F.W. Schultz ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 27 (1847), pro syn. Syn.: = Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822)

Orobanche cicerbitae (Uhlich & Rätzel) Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 46: 210 (2015). Syn.: Orobanche flava subsp. cicerbitae Uhlich & Rätzel (2004); ? = Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829)

Orobanche cilicica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 119 t. 2 f. 26 (1890). Syn.: Phelipanche cilicica (Reut.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata

Orobanche cistanchoides Beck ex Stapf in Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math-Nat. Kl. 50: 26 (1885). Syn.: = Orobanche stocksii Boiss. (1879)

Orobanche clarkei Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 326 (1884). Syn.: Orobanche nicotianae sensu Clark [in sched.], non Orobanche nicotianae Wight (1850)

Orobanche clausonis Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atiant.: 107-108 (1874). Syn.: = Orobanche lucorum var. hesperina J.A. Guim. (1904)

Orobanche clausonis subsp. hesperina (J.A. Guim.) M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 54: 324 (1996). Syn.: = Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874)

Orobanche clavata Schiman-Czeika in Rech. f., Fl. Iranica 5: 4 [in clavi], 14, t. 5 et t. 8 f. 2 (1964). Syn: ? = Orobanche cernua L. (1758)

Orobanche clementei C. Vicioso in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6(2): 75-76, 91 (1948). Syn.: = Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775)

Orobanche coccinea M. Bieb., Tabl. Prov. Casp.: 58 (1798). Syn.: Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Orobanche coelestis (Reut.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 114, t. 2 f. 21-1 (1890). Syn.: Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche coelestis f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 114 (1890). Syn.: Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972)

Orobanche coelestis f. persica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 115 (1890) ["Formae ... 2. (Orobanche) persica"]. Syn.: Phelipanche persica Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. in Phytotaxa 292 (2): 239 (2017)

Orobanche coelestis f. confinis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 115 (1890) ["Formae ... 3. (Orobanche) confinis"]

Orobanche coerulea [orthographic variant, vide Orobanche caerulea Vill. (1787)]

Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 349 (1800) ["O. (coerulescens) ... Steph. in litt."] [