Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 6 June 2018


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche ramosa L., Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Kopsia ramosa (L.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009). Obs. "K. ramosa Dum (3), ... (3) Orobanche ramosa, C. Mey.— Nunca vi exemplares portuguêses ..." (sec. Sampaio, Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116. 1913 [of course, we think Sampaio was probably right])

Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831)

Orobanche ramosa var. genuina Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890) ["Variat: ... α. genuina = Orobanche ramosa L."], nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche ramosa f. genuina (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 72 (1930), nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Orobanche micrantha Wallr. Sched. Crit.: 315 (1822). Syn.: = Orobanche Flore Minore, Hirsuto purpurascente, Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257 f. 2 (1677), pre-Linnaean name, not validly published ["Legumen"]; = "Orobanche minor, purpureis floribus, ramosa Chabraei p. 257" (Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257. 1677)], Ruppius, Flora jenensis [3 ed.]: 238 (1745) (Wallroth, 1824: 315; Skočdopolová & Chrtek, 2008: 28, "have not yet been found in the herbarium PR"). Obs. see P. nana

= Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 [-69, t. 16] (1827), nom. inv. [name was not validly published]. Syn.: Orobanche cannabis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828), pro syn.; Orobanche cannabios F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["29. O. Cannabios (O. ramosa Auct.)"], pro syn. Ind. loc.: "répandue dans toute l'Europe, croît sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Wallroth, 1822: 315, "Ad Cannabeos Sativae [Cannabis sativa L.] radicen parasiticam ubertin viget prope Wiehe, Hechendorf et alibi. Jul."; Reichenbach, 1829: 48, "Omnium vulgatissima per omnem fere Europam sparsa ... in Cannabi nempe et Nicotianae")

= Orobanche cannabis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828), pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 (1827). Obs. "in agris parasitica Cannabi sativae [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Duby, 1828: 351)

= Orobanche cannabios F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["29. O. Cannabios (O. ramosa Auct.)"], pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 (1827). Obs. "Orobanche ramosa L. auf Hanf [Cannabis sativa L.], Kartoffeln [Solanum tuberosum L.] und Tabak [Nicotiana tabacum L.]" (Schultz, 1830: 504)

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= Orobanche ramosa var. polyclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Syn.: Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. polyclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 ( 1902); = Orobanche Minor Purpureis Floribus, ramosa, Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257 f. 3 (1677), nom. inval. ["in agris Cannabi"]; = Orobanche ramosa L., Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753) (Wallroth, 1824: 315, 1825: 64)

= Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Syn.: Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 ( 1902); Phelypaea ramosa var. monoclonos (Wallr.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 159 (1909); = Orobanche ramosa var. genuina f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890); = Orobanche ramosa var. simplex Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 490 (1837) (Beck, 1890: 89; Rouy, 1909: 159)

= Orobanche ramosa var. simplex Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 490 (1837) ["ε. A Tige simple. Simplex. Nob."]. Syn.: = Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) (Beck, 1890: 89; Rouy, 1909: 159). Ind. loc. [Orobanche ramosa L.]: "H. Les champs sur les racines de chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] et de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.]. C. Toulouse [Midi-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, France]: dans les cultures de tabac, entre l'emboucure du Cana du Midi et le port de Blagnac"

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= Orobanche ramosa var. genuina f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) (Beck, 1890: 89; Rouy, 1909: 159)

= Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. polyclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902) ["a. polyclonos Nob."]. Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. polyclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Obs. Béguinot (1902) did not have a clear concept of Kopsia ramosa var. typica and he confused it with similar species

= Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902) ["b. monoclonos Nob."]. Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825)

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Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Europae siccis" (Linnaeus, 1753: 633).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: 1. "Orobanche ramosa floribus ... ramosa". 2. "2 // p. 321 Orobanche 2 [Europe, Netherlands. Cultivated material from the garden of George Clifford III: Hartekamp Garden, Holland (Jstor, accessed May 2018)]" (BM 000646204) (The Natural History Museum, accessed Sep 2005). "Hort. cliff. 321" (Linnaeus, 1753: 633).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 231 (2001).

Host: P. ramosa is usually parasitic on cultivated alien species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed May 2017; Piwowarczyk, 2012: 54; Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2012; Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2013).

Comments:

Historical observation: species whose native status is uncertain. Archaeophyte?, probably introduced with the cultivation of Cannabis sp. (Companyo, 1864: 512, "en 1852 ... graines de chanvre géant apportées de la Chine par M. Itier", sub P. ramosa); (Piwowarczyk, 2012: 53, "The species probably travelled to Central Europe from Asia with hemp crops ca. 500 BC (Kreutz, 1995; Pusch and Günther, 2009)."). It was formerly widely recorded from the Iberian Peninsula and from the rest of Europe (Reichenbach, 1829: 48, "Omnium vulgatissima per omnem fere Europam sparsa ... in Cannabi nempe et Nicotianae"). Although nowadays we think that many of these records could be due to mistakes with allied species (e.g., P. nana). Today it is extinct in most parts of Iberian Peninsula, although it remains as a pestilent weed in many crops from Andalucia.

Phylogenetic observation: "phylogenetic relationships" (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 12 f. 1. 2008).

Chromosomatic number: n = 12, 2n = 24 (Palomeque & Sañudo, 1981: 508; Schneeweiss & al., 2004: 441).

Ic.: a, BM 000646204 The George Clifford Herbarium (lectotypus) [The Natural History Museum (accessed Sep 2005)]; b, habit [on Nicotiana tabacum L.; Pedro Ruiz, Spain]; c, herb. Sánchez Pedraja P. nana 10560 vs. P. ramosa 10956B et 10955B (ib.); d, MA 114735 (on Cannabis sativa L., Palazuelos, Spain); e, MA 294135 (Oltenia, Romania); f, (sub Orobanche ramosa L. [USDA] accessed Feb 2006 [p.p., the photographs taken by Luigi Rignanese are not P. ramosa, they correspond to P. mutelii and P. nana]); g, (sub Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Meyer. HYPPA [INRA-Dijon] accessed Feb 2006).

Distribution: World wide distribution Orobanche sp. (Univ. Hohenheim 380, accessed May 2017) [it is often confused with similar species (e.g., P. nana or P. aegyptiaca)]; Parker (Figure 8 World distribution of O. ramosa and O. aegyptiaca). Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010). Iberian Peninsula distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Abyssinia / Abisinia / Abyssinie / Abessinien / Ethiopian Empire [Eritrea, Ethiopia] (Reuter, 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa; Beck, 1890: 91, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa) [more research is clearly required to clarify that this is true]

"Herbarium Runau / Orobanche ramosa L. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Abyssinie / Hiea 21 [?] 1839 / ... Dillon et Petit" [Richard Quartin-Dillon et Antoine Petit]" (P 02970673 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 (cf.)); " Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / Phelipaea aegyptiaca Walp. / Voyage de M. Quartin-Dillon en Abyssinie. Kiea / 10" (P 02970729; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 (cf.)); "Abyssiniâ (Dillon ! in h. mus. Paris.)" (Reuter, 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa); "Crescit in arvis cultis Abyssinise, in planitie montosa provincial Chire [Ch’īrē, Oromiya, Ethiopia], et prope Hiea (Quartin Dillon)" (Lefévre & al., 1847-1851 in Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae); "Orobanche interrupta Persoon, Enchirid. II, p. 180 (1807) ... / ... In territorio ... et Abessynia" (Beck, 1890: 89, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta); "Eritrea: Massaua (Ehrenberg), Ha Masen auf dem Berge Bizen 2480 m im Jänner (A. Fiori in Herb. Levier), nicht ganz typisch. Abessinien: nach Stapf in Th. Dyer, Fl. trop. Africa IV. 2. (1906) 465, bei Hiea (Quartin-Dillon), nicht gesehen, wahrscheinlich zu interrupta gehörig" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Note: The WAG herbarium specimens are not typical P. ramosa and they need to be revised: WAG 1141517, WAG 1141518, WAG 1141519, WAG 1141520, WAG 1141521, WAG 1141522, WAG 1141523, WAG 1141524, WAG 1141525, WAG 1141526, WAG 1141527, WAG 1141528, WAG 1141529, WAG 1141530.

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Algeria / الجزائر‎/ Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) [n.v.]

"Orobanche ramosa is present in the east and west." (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017).

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Australia / Australie / Australien [unconfirmed] (Carlón & al., 2005: 66, sub  P. mutelii; Barker & al. 2005, sub O. ramosa; Panetta & Lawes, 2007, sub O. ramosa; APNI 657753 and O. ramosa in Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]; O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]

South Australia (SA): South Australia (Panetta & Lawes, 2007); "Branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) poses the greatest threat to Australian crops and is only known to occur as an isolated infestation in the Murray Bridge area of South Australia ... Photos WeedImages 151 6 and WeedImages 219 6 - Photographer: Anna Williams, Courtesy Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, SA" (O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]); photos 0846018 and DAFWA.jpg (O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii].

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa)

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: "Dr. C. Baenitz, Herbarium Europaeum. N.º .... / Orobanche ramosa L. / Austri infer.: In radicibus Cannabis sat. [Cannabis sativa L.] ad Leitenstetlen / 500 m / leg. Strasser" (P 04384581 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Azerbaijan / Azerbaiyán / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан

Nagorno-Karabakh / Artsakh / Dağlıq Qarabağ / Нагорный Карабах: Orobanche ramosa L., Regio autonoma Karabakh, Legnt.: V.A. et I.P. Petrov (MW 0717071; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [cf.]).

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Belgique / Belgium / België / Bélgica / Belgien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa)

Flemish Region / Vlaams Gewest / Flanders / Flandre / Flandes / Flamande

Limburg: "Herbier E. G. Camus / Herbier Alphonse Lunet / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 1. Cortessem (Belgique) / n.º 174 exsicc. van heurck / legit van den Born. dedit B. Bailliere / ..." (P 04215450; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Oost-Vlaanderen / East Flanders / Flandre-Orientale / Ostflandern: "Nº 148   Kickxia Belgica, par A. Thielens et A. Devos.— Cent. II, 1866. / ... / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer ... / ... Parasite sur le Chanvre (Cannabis sativa L.) / Environs de Termonde (Flandre Orient.). / Août 1866. / Dr. Westendorp" (P 04215452; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Ex Herb. Arm. Thielens. / Tirlemont (Belgium). // Herbier Cap. Lenars / A Anvers. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey / Grembergen L Termonde [Grembergen-lez-Termonde / Grembergen near Dendermonde] / ... 63 [1863]" (P 04242443; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Britain / Great Britain / Gran Bretaña / Großbritannien / Grande-Bretagne [United Kingdom] (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 260 "extinct in the British Isles. Formerly parasitic on Cannabis sativa ... East Anglia", 275 f. 1A!, 278 f. 4A!, f. 8 "Distribution"); Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa), Kew Gardens, London ("Esta foto se tomó el 22 de junio, 2010 en Kew, Richmond, Inglaterra") [leg. Tiggrx] (accessed Aug 2010).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Stoyanov, 2003 [2009]: 12-13, t. 5, a [photo!]).

Blagoevgrad Province / област Благоевград / oblast Blagoevgrad / Благоевградска област / Blagoevgradska oblast / Pirin Macedonia: "... (auf Nicotiana tabacum) oberhalb Sandanski, Pirin" (Uhlich & al., 1995: 109, Abb. 104!, sub O. ramosa L.).

Central Transdanubia

Fejér: "Herbarium J. Bognár / Plantae Hungariae Exsiccatae / Orobanche ramosa L. / In agris arenosis ad marginem / viam publicam pro. pag. Dinnyés / 28.09.1999      917." (hb. J. Bognár 917; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Chile (Kogan, 1994: 599, sub O. ramosa; INIA 2016.08.23)

Santiago Metropolitan Region: "O. ramosa is more widely spread in the Metropolitan Region (32º lat S) ... the most common host is tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. [Solanum lycopersicum L.] ... potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ..." (Kogan, 1994: 599-600, sub O. ramosa).

Coquimbo Region (INIA 2016.08.23 [it needs to be confirmed (see P. aegyptiaca)])

"La presencia de Orobanche en Chile tiene amplia distribución, desde la región de Coquimbo hasta la Araucanía. En la provincia de Limarí es primera vez que se aprecia esta maleza en cultivos de pepino dulce [Solanum muricatum Aiton]. Este parásito también ataca a otros cultivos de la familia solanacea como tomate [Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanum lycopersicum L.), berenjena [Solanum melongena L.], papa [Solanum tuberosum L.] y tabaco [Nicotiana tabacum L.]; y con menor intensidad aparece en apio, maravilla y lechuga" (Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), accessed May 2017).

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Cuba (Cook & Horne, 1905; Bruner, 1940; Labrada, 1994: 604, sub O. ramosa, "the major pests on tobacco in the central provinces of Cuba ... introduced into Cuba with imported crop seeds from europe early this century (Acuña, 1970, pers. comm.); Alfonso Hernández & Valerino Díaz, 2007)

"Herbarium de Cuba / Estación Central Agronomica / No. 4518 / Orobanche / On tabacco [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / Santiago de las Vegas [Santiago de Compostela de las Vegas, Boyeros] / Col. Alearca [?] Fecha Feb. 6\05 [1905?] / Provincia de la Habana [Havana]" (CLF 231927; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Havana province ... Villa Clara, santi Spiritus and Ciego de Ávila" ... Holguin province" (Labrada, 1994: 605, f. 1, sub O. ramosa); "estación Experimental Agronómica de Santiago de las Vegas ... una planta parásita que crecía de las raíces del tabaco en la finca del Sr. Miguel Díaz, ubicada a corta distancia de Santiago de las Vegas (Cook & Horne, 1905) ... La "yerba sosa" es una planta fanerógama, de hábitos exclusivamente parasíticos, que en algunas localidades de Cuba constituye una plaga de las vegas ... el dueño de la finca Siguaney de Zaza del Medio [Sancti Spíritus Province], Sr. Joaquín Rodríguez Llorente remitía una planta de tabaco atacada por una planta desconocida en la zona, contestándole el Dr. Bruner que se trataba de O. ramosa" (Bruner, 1940) ... hay que destacar que si en Cuba en 1965 se señalaba que 191.70 millones de plantas de tabaco habían sido dañadas por orobanche ... El problema abarca en nuestros días extensas áreas de tabaco negro cultivado a la sombra con destino a capa, y al sol en las provincias de Villa Clara, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Ávila y La Habana. En las provincias de Pinar del Río y Cienfuegos se encuentran en áreas muy localizadas y de menor cuantía" (Alfonso Hernández & Valerino Díaz, 2007).

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Cyprus / Κύπρος / Kýpros / Kıbrıs / Chipre / Zypern

 Limassol District / Λεμεσός: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Cyprus, Division 3 of Meikle 1977, / Limassol, Potamos Yermasoyias, / flower-bed of the restaurant / Кипр, Район 3 (по Meikle, 1977), / г. Лимасол, район Ермасойя, / левый берег р. Ермасойя в ее нижнем течении, / цветочная клумба у ресторана. / Coll. A. Seregin, D. Sokoloff, M. Remizova / Собр.  А. Серегин, Д. Соколов, М. Ремизова / 8.03.2004 A-100 / Atlas florae europaeae: 36-S-WD2 [Asia]" (MW 0747837; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2018).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika (Zázvorka, 2000: 481-484, t. 78 f. 3)

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Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten

1. "Orobanche ramosa / Voyage de M. Quartin-Dillon en Abyssinie. Egypte". 2. "Orobanche / ... / entre Suant et Quirv [?] / 29 mars 1839" (P 02970678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2015).

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Estonia / Estland / Eesti / Эстони

Tartu County / Tartu maakond: "Herbarium Musei Botanici Universitatis Tartuensis / Herbarium Generale / Orobanche ramosa L. / Tartu Botaanikaaias . Cannabis sativa L. / 6 oct. 1925 / leg.-det. K. Eichwald" (TU 301921 [Tiina Samson 482713]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Lapeyrouse, 1813: 359-360; Duby, 1828: 349; Companyo, 1864: 512, sub P. ramosa; Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Noulet, 1837; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2012, on Brassica napus L.; P. ramosa in Tela Botanica; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [none of these photos seem to correspond to P. ramosa s. str., all of them are P. nana ("Thémines (46)", "Lastours (11)", "Saint-Ferriol (11) and "Signes (83)" photos by Mathieu Menand and Robert Leras) except the "Le Rozier (48) / 30 mai 2009 / Photo n° 23384 by Mathieu Menand" which corresponds to P. inexspectata, the "à Haría - Las Palmas [Espagne] by Benoit Bock" which correspond to P. gratiosa and the "Alcaucín - Malaga [Espagne]" and "Águilas - Murcia [Espagne]" which correspond to P. mutelii.

Alsace / Elsass / Elsaß / Alsacia [Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine]

Bas-Rhin / Unterelsàss (67): "Flora Galliae et Germaniae exsiccata de C. Billot / 60. Orobanche ramosa L. ... / 18 septembre 1845 / Parasite sur le chambre [Cannabis sativa L.], à Drusenheim (Bas-Rhin). / Rec. par E. et C. Billot." (P 04384580 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] Soufflenheim [Sufflenheim] (Bas-Rhin) / 68-87-1-31  herb. Kralik" (P 04215450; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Aquitaine

Lot-et-Garonne / Òlt e Garona (47): "Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 192. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey.  ... / ... Orobanche ramosa L. ... / Lot-et-Garonne: Aiguillon; parasite sur le tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / 7 septembre 1911.   Jeanjean // Herbier - L. Segrel" (P 04242434; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Société Française, 1934 / Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 7260.— Orobanche ramosa L. / Lot-et-Garonne: Aiguillon; parasite sur le tabac [N. tabacum L.] / Septembre 1930.   Jeanjean" (P 04409227; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Auvergne [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Savoie (73): "F. Schultz, herbarium normales, nov. ser. Cent. 15. / 1441. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. ... / ... Août. / Ad radices Cannabis sativi [Cannabis sativa L.]. Chambéry. Savoie. / Rec. Bonjean." (P 04384579; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Basse-Normandie / Lower Normandy

Calvados (14): "Herb. E. Cosson, 18 / Orobanche ramosa / Falaise / Collect. 15 [?] 1843  DD." (P 04384601 - hb. E. Cosson - Durand; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "L. Chevallier, Précigné / Phelippaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Falaise" (P 03996071; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Bourgogne

Cote d'Or (21): "Société Dauphinoise, 2º série, 1891 / Nº 408. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. ... / ... / Soc. dauph. 1 sér. nº 906. Plombières-les-Dijon [N 47° 20' 0'' E 4° 58' 0''] (Côte-d'Or): chenevières [chènevière / canebière is a hemp field (chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.]) in the south of France] des bords de l'Ouche. / Juillet 1890. / Leg. Noël Garnier. Ad. Pellat." (MPU; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007); idem (P 04242788 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 03996072; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr. 2013); idem (P 04242785; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Saône-et-Loire (71): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Montceau-les-Mines: Dans un champ de Chambre [Cannabis sativa L.] / à Galuzot  13 août 1906 / P. Porte" (P 04242427; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Sept 2012); "Phelipaea ramosa / Chenevières [Cannabis sativa L.] à Raconnay / Gergy Saône-et-Loire / 13 août 1879!" (P 04242761 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Centre [Centre-Val de Loire]

Cher (18): "N.º 20783 / Phelipaea ramosa / Parterres de Herny, sur les Ginnia[?] Cher / 1 Nov. 1875 / Mouillefarine" (P 04242760; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Indre-et-Loire (37): "Orobanche Ramosa L. / Env. de Bourgueil / Leg. J. Caquere[?]" (P 04384563 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Loir-et-Cher (41): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / ... 17 août 1872. Rounis du / chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] dans ... / (Loir-et-Cher) ..." (P 04242436; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Flore des environs de Romorantin / (Loir-et-Cher) / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / 17 août 1866 / Sur les racines du Cannabis sativa / au grand village, Cme de Pruniers [Pruniers-en-Sologne] / par Em. Martin" (P 04242781; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herb. E. Martin / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Mey / Cne des Pruniers / par les Risuloux / Sans date / ..." (P 04242763; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Phelipaea albiflora / Cour Cheverny / mon jardin" (P 04384565 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Île-de-France

Essonne (91): "Herbier E. G. Camus  2144 / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 19 juillet 1846 / Marcoussis / Legit Cintrael" (P 04242428 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2012); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Marcoussis / 23 juillet 1848 / Legit Cintrait // E. G. Camus" (P 04242784 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier Th. Delacour / Phelippea ramosa / hort. Vilmon a Verrières [Verrières-le-Buisson (Seine-et-Oise)] [?] / ... 1863 / ... " (P 04215477; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Herb. M. G. Eugène / 2.627 / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / ... / Marcoussis, parasite du sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] / juin   Bouch" (P 04242789; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Seine-et-Marne (77): "Reliquiae Mailleanae / 1484. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Coss. / Champs, Marmant près Melun, / Seine-et-Marne / Coll. Guilloteaux, 20 Août 1847" (P 04242762; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 04384569 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Environs de Provins, / Phelipaea ramosa Coss. & Germ. / Poigny, chenevières [Cannabis sativa L.] / Collect. 13 Août 1861 / Herbier Ed. Bouteiller" (P 04242429; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Lorraine [Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine]

Vosges (88): "Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Orobanche ramosa L. / Sur des racines de Cannabis sativa / (FR-88) / Villars, près Neufchâteau / 28 Août 1864 / ..." (P 06903013; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Midi-Pyrénées

Haute-Garonne (31): "H. Les champs sur les racines de chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] et de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.]. C. Toulouse: dans les cultures de tabac, entre l'emboucure du Canal du Midi et le port de Blagnac" (Noulet, 1837: 490, sub O. ramosa L.).

Lot / Òlt (46): "3302 / Herbier de M. Bournérias / Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey. / champs de Tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.] ... / Les Masseries (Lot) / 8 .48 [1948]" (P 04409222; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2012).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine [Aquitaine / Aquitania-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes]

Deux-Sèvres (79): "479 Herbier Grelet .... (Orobanche ramosa L.) / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Vançais (D.-S.) jardin de la erme[?] / parasite sur les racines des tomates [Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.]  10 juillet 1874" (P 04242769; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier L. Grelet / Nº 2312 ... / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Orobanche ramosa L. / Les Fosses (Deux-Sèvres) lieux cultivés / juin 1897" (P 04242768; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Dordogne (24): "2385 / ... / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 8 Septembre 1950 / Champs de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / Le Buisson [Le Buisson-de-Cadouin] (Dordogne)" (P 00598738 - hb. H. Bouby; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016).

Occitanie / Occitània [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Lozère (48) [unconfirmed]: "Le Rozier (48) / 30 mai 2009 / Photo n° 23384 by Mathieu Menand" (sub P. ramosa in Tela Botanica; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [it corresponds to P. inexspectata]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenèus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "Habite toutes les vallées oú le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] est cultivé" (Companyo, 1864: 512, sub P. ramosa).

Pays de la Loire

Maine-et-Loire (49): "Flora selecta exsiccata / publié par Ch. Magnier. / 639.— Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey., en pl. cauc. 104; / G. et G. 2, p. 627. / O. ramosa L. Sp. 882. / Maine-et-Loire: Corné, à la Croix-Blanche. Parasite du / Chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] / 14 août 1884.   E. Préaubert." (P 04242430 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 04384570 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "06 = Alpes-Maritimes" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa).

Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Ain (01): "Société dauphinoise. / N.º 906. Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer /... / Crottet (Ain): champs sablonneux sur les racines / du Cannabis sativa / Août-septembre 1875.  F. Lacroix." (P 03944893; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (P 04215475; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Haute-Savoie (74): "Société Rochelaise, 1881. / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / Chenevières [Cannabis sativa L.] humides, à Domancy (Haute-Savoie). / 23 Août 1881 / AE. Boullu, à Lyon (Rhône)" (P 04409223; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (P 03944894; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); L. Chevallier, Précigné // Société Rochelaise, 1881. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / idem (P 03996070; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Isère (38): "Herbier L. Chevallier, Précigné (Sarthe) / Phelipaea ramosa A. Mey. / Isère: Le Touvet, sur les / tabacs [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / 7 bre 1899 ..." (P 03996068; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier E.G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa / sur tabac [N. tabacum L.] / Les Avenières / 8 Septembre 1910   Isère / leg. Eugène Hautreux" (P 04242786 - hb. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Loire (42): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. M. / Loire / Veauche in arenosis, ad radices Cannabinis [Cannabis sativa L.]. 8 . 83[1883]" (P 04394028; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

N. B. Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 359-360. 1813, "Abondamment dans les récoltes de tabac, qu'elle détruit ... du chanvre et du tabac"; Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349. 1828, "in agris parasitica Cannabi sativae".

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne (Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa)

"A? [Archäophyt] ... AV [nördliches Alpenvorland], M1 [Süddeutsches Schichtstufenland (mit Oberrhein-System)], M2 [Zentraleuropäische Mittelgebirgsschwelle], F [Norddeutsches Flachland] ... Tabak [Nicotiana tabacum L.], Hanf [Cannabis sativa L.], Tomate [Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.] u.a. Solanaceae" (Haeupler & Muer, 2000: 449, f. 2477!); "Sehr selten Oberrheinebene; nur Altfunde Osten, Bayern, Franken, Z-Pfalz, Kölner Bucht, Münsterland" (Hassler & Schmitt, 2009, photos!); "Orobanche ramosa Ästige..." (Botanik-Fotos.de, accessed Jan 2010).

Unknown locations: "O. ramosa L. / Beck [m. Beck] // 224. W. [Herbarium Willdenow]" (B-W 11605-01 0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017); idem  // 226[?]. W. [Herbarium Willdenow] (B-W 11605-03 0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas [unconfirmed (see P. nana)]

Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη

Evros / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Έβρου: "34. Orobanche ramosa L. Gr Samothraki [Samothrace / Σαμοθράκη]: S of Chora, walled cemetery with old trees, on basalt/porphyr, 280 m, 40°28'48"N, 25°31'32"E, 04.05.2010, Biel 10.135. Recorded from Limnos. Other localities were noted near Alonia, Kato Kariotis, Therma and Xiropotamos. Det. H. Uhlich, June 2010." (Biel & Tan, 2012: 74, sub O. ramosa).

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Gibraltar [British Overseas Territory] (Iberian Peninsula) [unconfirmed]

Orobanche ramosa L., "Common and widespread throughout the Rock [Rock of Gibraltar / El Peñón de Gibraltar]. Grows in clearings and waysides" (Flora of Gibraltar, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017, all them seem to correspond to P. nana and are parasitizing wild species [apparently parasitizing Oxalis pes-caprae L. (typical plant-host)]).

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Hungary / Magyarország / Hungría / Hongrie / Ungarn (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa)

Central Hungary

Pest: "Flora Hungarica / L. Chevallier, Précigné / Orobanche ramosa L. / Pestins in Rakos, ad Üllői / Csárda. In Cannabis sativa / 1876, jul. leg. A. ..." (P 03996066; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Flora Hungarica / Orobanche ramosa L. / Locus: Budapest Rakos arenaria / Substratum Cannabis sativa / 1876 die July  Leg. Richter" (P 03996067; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Béguinot 1902, did not have a clear concept of Kopsia ramosa var. typica and he confused it with similar species; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa)

Piemonte / Piedmont

Torino / Turin (TO): "TO = Torino" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sicile

Palermo (PA) [unconfirmed (see P. mutelii and P. nana)]

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol

Trentino / Trento (TN): "Orobanche ramosa L. / Tirol austr. in agris ... / pr. Riva [Riva del Garda] ... 300' / Jun. 1872 / legeren Porta" (P 04384577; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Orobanche ramosa L. / Tirolia austral in agris Nicotiano [Nicotiana tabacum L.] satis pr. / Mori [Moor] / Aug. 1875    Th. Pichler" (P 04384578 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) [n.v.] (see P. aegyptiaca)

"The fast-spreading parasites namely Orobanche ramosa/eagyptiaca cause heavy yield losses in potato and tomato, while in potato, grown in 150 000 ha and 90% of it irrigated, the parasites are the main pest." (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017).

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Mexico (FAO, Rome 2007)

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko (Zemrag,‎1994: 635, sub O. ramosa/O. aegyptiaca complex) [n.v.]

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Netherlands / Países Bajos / Pays-Bas / Niederlande

Gelderland: "Herbarium J. Valckenier Suringar / Orobanche ramosa / Wamel op tabak [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / leg. Schuyt 1917" (WAG 1141515; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017).

Limburg: "Orobanche / ramosa / Maastricht / Franquinet" (WAG 1141514; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017).

South Holland / Zuid-Holland: "Herbarium der Nederlandsche Flora / ... / Orobanche ramosa L. / Ammerstol. op Cannabis Sativa [Cannabis sativa L.] / Aug. 1874 / H.J. Kok Ankersmit." (WAG 1141513; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017).

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen (Piwowarczyk, 2012: 57, f. 1, sub O. ramosa)

"First documented reports on its occurrence in Poland date back to the beginning of the 19th century from a hemp crop (Fiek , 1881, after Starke – probably before 1800) and a tobacco crop (Rebentisch, 1804) ... Orobanche ramosa in Poland, also in Central Europe, is probably an archaeophyte. The first documented reports on the occurrence of O. ramosa in Poland date back to the early 19th century, mostly from hemp, tobacco and potato cultivation" (Piwowarczyk, 2012: 57-58, sub O. ramosa).

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Romania / Rumania / România / Roumanie / Rumänien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa)

Ilfov: "Flora Romaniae Exsiccata / A Museo Botanico Universitatis Clusiensis (in Timişoara) edita / 185b. Orobanche ramosa L. / Muntenia, distr. Ilfov. com. Roşiori. In cultis, ad radices Cannabis / sativae L. Alt. 60 m s. m. — 15 Iul. 1943. / leg. et det. I. Morariu et M. Badea." (P 04392351; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2015).

Oltenia / Little Walachia: "... / Flora Olteniae Exsiccata / 1013. Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Oltenia, distr. Dolj. Habitat ad radices plantae hospitae / Lycopersicum esculentum, prope vicum Vela. Alt. cca. 120 / m.sm.19.VII.1971. / Leg. et det. D Cirtu, I. Teodorescu" (MA 294135; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007).

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Russia / Rusia / Россия (Meyer, 1831: 104, sub Phelipaea ramosa; Reuter, 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev], 1958: 64-65[70], sub O. ramosa L.)

"Sibiriâ" (Reuter, 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa); "European USSR: Upper Dniester, Upper Dnieper, Middle Dnieper, Volga-Don, Bessarabia, Black Sea Region, Lower Don, Crimea. — Caucasus: All regions." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev], 1958: 64-65[70], sub O. ramosa L.).

Central Federal District / Центра́льный федера́льный о́круг [unconfirmed location]

Orobanche ramosa L. ... [parasitic on] Xhantium strumarium [Asteraceae] ... 19/VII-1946 [Восточная Европа, Центральный лесостепной район (Россия) / Eastern Europe, Central Forest-Steppe District (Russia)] (MW 0514123 [Seregin MW0514123]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

Southern Federal District / Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг [formerly known as North Caucasian Federal District]

Krasnodar Krai / Краснода́рский край: 1. "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. M.". 2. "... растения Кубанской области [plants of the Kuban Region] 1888-90 / Orobanche ramosa L." (MW 0717059; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018); 1. "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / ... .313 / 1578". 2. "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. M.". 3. "... растения Кубанской области [plants of the Kuban Region] 1888-90 / Orobanche ramosa L." (MW 0717060; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018); 1888-90 Кубанская обл. [Kuban Region] (MW 0717061; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018); 1888-90 Кубанская обл. [Kuban Region] (MW 0717062; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018); 1888-90 Кубанская обл. [Kuban Region] (MW 0717063; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018).

Rostov Oblast / Росто́вская о́бласть: Orobanche ramosa L. / 7791 (MW 0514139 [Seregin MW0514139]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

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Serbia / Srbija / Србија (Kojić & al. 2001)

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South Africa / Suid-Afrika / Sudáfrica / Afrique du Sud / Südafrika [further field research is needed to clarify the Phelipanche species that grow in South Africa (see P. nana)]

"O. ramosa Thunberg, Flor. cap. p. 454 (1825). / In territorio Capensi" (Beck, 1890: 89, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta); "Ebenso scheinen alle Angaben aus Süd-Afrika zu O. Muteli v. interrupta zu gehören" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

"Orobanche ramosa L. 87.9", Coll. Ecklon & Zeyher (MO 1997664 - 2369194; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017, the sheet contains three specimens, the central and branched specimen seems to correspond to P. ramosa and the other two to P. nana (they are forms typical from South Africa, unbranched and with long calyx-teeth).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa)

Andalusia / Andalucía

Almería (Al): "Presa Níjar, 2-VI-62 [1962], R. Sagredo, H° LA SALLE s/n." (Pujadas & Lora González, 1996: 205; Pujadas, 2000: 96); "La Polacra, Mojácar, Níjar" (Ivorra & al., 2008, K. Kreutz's photos! [Where were these pictures taken?, apparently on Nicotiana tabacum L.]).

Granada (Gr): "Almuñécar, Torre del Cambrón [Sierras de Almijara, Guájares y Trevenque (Pujadas & al., 2007: 6)], in agro argilloso-glareoso, matrix Solanum lycopersicum [Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanaceae)], 28-IV-1952, H. Roivainen, BC 143760. La Zubia, sobre tabaco [Nicotiana tabacum L. (Solanaceae)], 27-V-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13816. Purchil, sobre tabaco, 25-VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13809. Mercagranada, sobre tabaco, 25-VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13815. Santa Fé, sobre tabaco, 25-VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13817. Pinos Puente, sobre tabaco, 25.VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13798. Trasmulas, sobre tabaco, 26-VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13820. Aeropuerto de Granada, sobre tabaco, 26-VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13856. Armilla, sobre tabaco, 27-VII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13855. Ambros, sobre tabaco, 25-VIII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13810. Belicena, sobre tabaco, 25-VIII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13813. El Jau, sobre tabaco, 25-VIII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13851. Churriana de la Vega, sobre tabaco, 25-VIII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13852. San Fernando, sobre tabaco, 25-VIII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13800. Bobadilla, sobre tabaco, 25-VIII-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13801. La Gabia, Vega de Granada, sobre tabaco, 14-X-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13551. Cullar de Vega, sobre tabaco, 5-X-1989, A. Pujadas & J. Oliveira. COA 13605. Chauchina, sobre tabaco, 5-X-1989, A. Pujadas, COA 13837." (cf. Oliveira, 1990; Pujadas, 2000: 96, sub O. ramosa L.); municipality of Santa Fe (near Pedro Ruiz [Vega de Granada]), 30SVG31, 550 m, parasitic on Nicotiana tabacum L. (Solanaceae) in a tobacco field, G. Moreno Moral MM0394/2002, MM0394B/2002, 29 Sep 2002 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10955, 10955B); municipality of Vegas del Genil (near Belicena village [Vega de Granada]), 30SVG31, 580 m, parasitic on Nicotiana tabacum in a tobacco field, G. Moreno Moral MM0395/2002, MM0395B/2002, 29 Sep 2002 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10956, 10956B); "Depresión de Granada: Granada, Vega, -1991-, Sáinz, MA 14749 [114749?]." (Pujadas & al., 2007: 6, sub O. ramosa L.).

Huelva (H): "Andévalo: Huerto de las Palomas, El Granado, 29SPB3352, 18-VI-2001, E. Sánchez Gullón, COA 37543" (Pujadas & al., 2007: 6, sub O. ramosa L.).

Jaén (J): Sierra Morena, Santa Elena, 1-VIII-1933, González Albo (MA 435475; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007) (Pujadas & al., 2007: 6, sub O. ramosa L.) [extinct?].

Sevilla / Seville (Se): "Vega del Guadalquivir: cercanías de Sevilla, s/f, s/leg, MA 114745" (Pujadas & al., 2007: 6, sub O. ramosa L.) [extinct?].

Aragon / Aragón

Teruel (Te): "Aragon austral. (Losc.!) [Loscos]" (Willkomm, 1870: 629, sub Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Meyer [probably now extinct]; Loscos 1878-1880 [1986]: 125; Guimarães, 1904: 72 "herbario de Willkomm ... só pertencem os exemplares colhidos en Aragão e na Catalunha [probably now extinct]").

Baleares, Islas / Balears, Illes / Balearic Islands [formerly known as Palma de Mallorca Province] (PM) [unconfirmed]

(sub Orobanche ramosa L. in Herbari virtual de les Illes Balears, this photo corresponds to P. nana and the others are not P. ramosa [Imatge al camp (cf. P. mutelii) / Flor (P. mutelii) / Flor 2 (cf. P. rosmarina)], accessed Apr 2013)

Canarias, Islas / Canary Islands / Kanarische Inseln [unconfirmed]

Tenerife: "E. Bourgeau, Plantae Canarienses, n.º 635 / Phaelipaea ramosa, Mey (Phytogr. Canar. 3 pag. 155) / Teneriffa: in convalle del Agua propè / oppidulum Guimar / Maio 1845" (P 04409246 - hb. Retz, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, P. nana! (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 69, "Auf der Insel Tenerife (Bourgeau)", sub O. ramosa); idem (P 02970670 - hb. E. Cosson - E. Durand, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [P. nana!, only the well preserved specimen next to its label]); "Chinamada. Tenerife" (photos, sub O. ramosa [apparently parasitizing Oxalis pes-caprae L. (typical plant-host)], in Flora de Canarias, accessed Apr 2013 [see P. nana (O. nana subsp. melitensis)]).

Castile-La Mancha / Castilla-La Mancha

Guadalajara (Gu): "Orobanche ramosa L. / Ad radices Cannabis sativae [Cannabis sativa L.] / Palazuelos (Guadalajara) / Leg. L. Crespi 16-VII-1917 Det. C. Vicioso" (MA 114735; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007, the species is probably now extinct in this province).

Catalonia / Cataluña / Catalunya (sub Orobanche ramosa L. in Flora catalana.net, accessed Apr. 2013 [these photos correspond to P. nana])

Gerona / Girona (Ge / Gi): "Herbarium S. Vayreda / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / en radices Cannabi sativa [Cannabis sativa L.] / Olot (Gerona)" / Lecta Jul. 1871 / S. Vayreda" (P 04441432; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2012); Comarca de la Garrotxa, "c. Olot et alibi, ubi Cannabis [Cannabis sativa L.] colitur, abund. Vayr. [Vayreda]" (Willkomm, 1893: 190 [probably now extinct]; Guimarães, 1904: 72 "herbario de Willkomm ... só pertencem os exemplares colhidos en Aragão [Loscos] e na Catalunha [probably now extinct]").

Valenciana [Comunidad] / Valencian [Comunitat]

Valencia [extinct?]: Orobanche / ... / Valencia / Silla / ... / Boerboom / 10-4-1955 / 10 m" (WAG 1141516, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017 [they are not typical and recall to robust forms of P. nana]).

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Sudan / Sudán / Soudan (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) (see Abyssinia)

"farmers abandoned growing tomatoes due to Orobanche ramosa infestations" (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017).

Note: The WAG herbarium specimens are not typical P. ramosa and they need to be revised: WAG 1141534, WAG 1141535.

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) [n.v.] (see P. aegyptiaca)

"In Syria, Orobanche accounted for about 5-15% of the total production management constraints facing Agriculture in the country." (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017).

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Lauber & Wagner, 2001: 960-961, f. 1857!; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa)

"sur Cannabis, Nicotiana, Solanum. ... VS [Valais], TI [Tessin] mérid., GR [Grisons] (Vallée de Poschiavo), SH [Schaffhouse]" (Lauber & Wagner, 2001: 960-961, f. 1857!).

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Tunisia / تونس / Tunisie / Túnez / Tunisien (Amri & al, 2013; Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) [n.v.] [it needs to be confirmed (the photographs seem to correspond to P. nana)]

Beja Governorate: "En Tunisie, cette espèce a été trouvée parasitant le trèfle d'Alexandrie (Trifolium alexandrinum) dans certains champs de la région de Béja" (Amri & al, 2013 [the photographs seem to correspond to P. nana]).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía / Türkei (Bülbül & al., 2009)

"In Turkey, Orobanche ramosa L. and O. aegyptiaca Pers. are harmful to tobacco, tomato (Demirkan and Nemli, 1993) and lentil (Aksoy and Uygur, 2003)" (Bülbül & al., 2009).

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Ukraine / Ucrania / Україна / Украи́н

Chernihiv Oblast / Чернігівська область [Polesia / Полісся]: "Herbarium Florae Rossicae, / a Museo Botanico Academ. Imper. Sc. Petropolitanae editum. Fasc. VIII. / 378. Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Prov. Czernigow. In hortis ole- / raceis radici Cannabis sativae in- / nascens. Prope p. Novoselki distr. / Oster. / 13 Sept. 1898. / Legit A. Racoczi." (MW 0514133 [Seregin MW0514133]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

Southern Ukraine / Південна Україна

Восточная Европа, Южно-Украинский район (Украина) [Eastern Europe, South Ukraine region (Ukraine)] (MW 0514135 [Seregin MW0514135: Podolia, 1.IX.1928, M. Bilosir], MW 0514136 [Seregin MW0514136] et MW 0514137 [Seregin MW0514137]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

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United States of America (USA) / Estados Unidos de América / États-Unis d'Amérique / Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa)

"USA (CA, IL, KY, NC, NJ, TX, VA)" (Orobanche ramosa L. in USDA; accessed Feb 2006 [p.p., the photographs taken by Luigi Rignanese are not P. ramosa, they correspond to P. mutelii and P. nana]); California, US, Aug 1, 1970 (photo of O. ramosa in CalPhotos; accessed Apr 2013); Orobanche ramosa L. (p.p., e.g. "1440060 / Damage / R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Slide Set") in Forestry Images, accessed Apr 2013; O. ramosa map in www.bonap.org; accessed Apr 2013).

Kentucky: "Kentucky (nach Fairchild in Bull. Torr. bot. club XVIII. [1891] 274, u. Britt. and Brown, Illustr. Fl. North. Un. Stat. III. [1898] 196) in Hanf- und Tabak-Feldern, nach Gray, New Manual of bot. ed. 7. (1908) 740" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Illinois: "... und in Illinois; nicht gesehen" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

New Jersey: "auch eingeschleppt in New Jersey: bei New Brunswick (Halstad, B. D., in Rhodora III. [1901] 295) auf Solanum lycopersicum" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

North Carolina: "USDA APHIS PPQ - Oxford, North Carolina, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org" (Invasive.org 1149151 et Invasive.org 1149142; accessed May 2017