Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 23 September 2018


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108[109], 252 (1762)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea purpurea (Jacq.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 499 (1864 [Apr 1864]) ["Phelipaea"] [view IPNI entry (accessed Jun 2009)]

Kopsia purpurea (Jacq.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009)

Orobanche purpurea var. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 124 (1890) ["Variat: ... β. typica = Orobanche purpurea Jacquin"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

Kopsia purpurea var. typica (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902) ["a typica"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. purpurea (Jacq.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 124 (1890) ["Formas: ... 1. (Orobanche) purpurea Jacquin"]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787]) ["coerulea. N."]. Syn.: Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822);   Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831); Phelipanche caerulea (Vill.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874). Ind. loc.: "Elle vient dans les prés, ŕ Crest & ailleurs." [Dauphiné, southeastern France]. Ic: Smith, 1796-1797: t. 423; Reichenbach, 1829: t. DCXCII f. 928 (Beck, 1930: 106 "depicta est forma cum spica densiore"). Obs. "vidi orig. in herb. Willdenow!" (Beck, 1930: 106; Carlón & al. 2008: 100, typification: lectotype designated here: "Herb. Villars - MHNGr.1837.28688!")

? = Orobanche purpurascens J.F. Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis], 2(2): 954 (1792 [1791 publ. late Apr-Oct 1792]) (Wallroth, 1825: 61; Steudel, 1841: 230, "(sec. Wallr.)"; Walpers, 1844: 457; Beck, 1890: 125 ["fide Wallroth et Walpers"] et Beck, 1930: 106; = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [view IPNI entry])

= Orobanche caerulea Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 423 [t. 423] (1796-1797), pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)

= Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.: Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787])

= Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831) (Reuter, 1847: 5-6). Syn.: Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787]). Ic.: Reichenbach fil. (1862: t. 149, sub "Phelipaea caerulea C.A. Mey.")

= Phelipanche caerulea (Vill.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche caerulea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 406 (1787 [Feb 1787])

? = Phelypaea cedreti Reut. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 495 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]) ["P. Cedreti Reut. in Noë exs."], pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN) [status incertain]. Syn.: ? = Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey.(1831) (Boissier, 1879: 495); ? = Phelypaea syspirensis K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 662 (1849) (Boissier, 1879: 495). Ind. loc.: "Libano [Lebanon] (Boiss.! Noë!)". Obs. From our point of view, it is very probable that Boissier 1879 has included more than one species under this name (e.g., P. libanotica)

= Orobanche pareysi Beck in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 310 (1881). Syn.: Orobanche purpurea var. pareysi (Beck) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 310 (1890); Phelypaea pareysii (Beck) Boiss., Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 357 (1888 [Oct 1888]). Ind. loc.: "Hab. Tauria (Pareysz in Herb. Caes. Vindob.) (Non vidi)" (Boissier, 1888: 357); "Tauria! (herb. Vindob.)" (Beck, 1890: 127); "Russische Länder: In der Krim (Pareys in Herb. Wien!)" (Beck, 1930: 112)

= Phelypaea pareysii (Beck) Boiss., Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 357 (1888 [Oct 1888]). Syn.: Orobanche pareysi Beck in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 310 (1881)

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= Phelypaea caerulea var. ciliaris Griseb., Spic. Flor. Rumel. 2: 59 (1844) ["coerulea"]. Syn.: Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. ciliaris (Griseb.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125 (1890). Ind. loc.: "In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άθως / Agion Oros / Άγιον Όρος, Athonite State / Αθωνική, Chalkidiki / Halkidiki / Χαλκιδική, Central Macedonia, Greece]: in sylvis pr. Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie!"

= Phelypaea purpurea var. stenosepala Vetter (1877) ["nob. (Vetter, s.d.)"], in sched., nom. nud. Ind. loc.: "Val. Var: Estenc [Entraunes, Alpes-Maritimes], prčs les sources du Var, 27.7.1877" [Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] (Charpin & Salanon, 1985: 253)

= Orobanche caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz., Agg. Fl. Venet., ser. 5. VIII: 146 (1882). Syn.: = Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125[-126] (1890); = Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Ind. loc.: "nei C. Euganei [Colli Euganei, Padova, Veneto, Italy] (Bizz.)" (Beck, 1890: 126, "Venetia (non vidi)"; Béguinot, 1902: 473; Beck, 1930: 110)

= Orobanche purpurea var. tapeina Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 124 (1890) ["a. (Orobanche) tapeina"]

= Orobanche purpurea var. sptizelii Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 126 (1890) ["γ. (Orobanche) Spitzelii"]. Ind. loc.: "Ischia [Isole Flegree, Campania] (var. spitzelii) ... in valle Ruegras (var. spitzelii leg. Rostan) [Italy]"

= Orobanche purpurea var. hirsuta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 126 (1890) ["δ. (Orobanche) hirsuta"]. Ind. loc.: "Rare. Transsilvania: Prope Boos Comit. Kolos [Cluj County / Kolozs megye, Romania] leg. Freyn (vidi in herb. suo). In herb. Petrop. (leg. Fischer — unde ?)."

= Orobanche purpurea var. garhwalensis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 126 (1890) ["η. (Orobanche) Garhwálensis"]. Ind. loc.: "Prope Jánglo inter Tihri et Garhwál [Uttarakhand, India] Indiae orientalis (leg. Duthie nr. 528) !"

= Orobanche purpurea var. pareysi (Beck) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 127 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche pareysi Beck in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 31: 310 (1881)

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= Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. longirhachis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125 (1890) ["2. (Orobanche) longirhachis"]. Ind. loc.: "Rarius: Vidi ex Hungaria prope pagum Lagos [Lugoj, Timiș County, Banat, Romania] comit. Krassó [Krassó-Szörény County / Caraş-Severin was an administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary], leg. Heuffel (herb. Háynald); ex Caucaso prope Mahmutli [Georgia], leg. Bayern (herb. Petrop.); ex Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта], leg. Becker; ex Moravia, leg. Formanek.". Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche coerulea Vill / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. Becker" (P 04393735 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [cf.]); "Phelipaea arenaria / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. A. Becker" (P 04215442; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the sheet contains two specimens, only the left-side specimen is P. arenaria, the specimen on right-side of the sheet could be P. purpurea)

= Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. ciliaris (Griseb.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125 (1890) ["4. (Orobanche) ciliaris"]. Syn.: Phelypaea coerulea var. ciliaris Griseb., Spicileg. Flor. Rumel. 2: 59 (1844)

= Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125[-126] (1890) ["? 5. (Orobanche) achroantha"]. Syn.: Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha ( Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902); = Orobanche caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz., Agg. Fl. Venet., ser. 5. VIII: 146 (1882). Ind. loc.: "Venetia [Veneto, Italy] (non vidi). Germania: prope Hanau [Frankfurt am Main, N 50° 8' 0'' E 8° 55' 0'', Main-Kinzig-Kreis, Germany] (leg. Clemençon)!" (Beck, 1890: 126; 1930: 110). Obs. "Corollae ochroleucae"

= Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902) ["b. achroantha"]. Syn.: Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 125[-126] (1890)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche laevis L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753), nom. rej. Syn.: = Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) and = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874). Obs. "ambiguous name" [nom. rej. prop. (Turland & Rumsey in Taxon 46: 789-791. 1997); nom. rej. (Brummitt in Taxon 49: 263-264. 2000)]

–  Phelypaea caesia sensu Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 624 (1853) ["Ph. caesia Reut. in DC. prodr. 11, p. 6 (non Griseb.)"] [saltem p.p.], non Orobanche caesia Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 48, t. 698 f. 936 (1829). Syn.: = Phelipanche camphorosmae Carlón & al. (2008) (Carlón & al., 2008: 42, MARS); = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) ["lčvres ... ŕ dents obtuses" (MA 114850; MA 114851)]; = Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey. (1831) [= Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (Coste, 1904: 64)]; = Orobanche purpurea Jacq. (1762) [= Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (Tela Botanica - search, accessed Sep 2007)]. Ind. loc.: "Hab. Sur les racines de l'Artemisia gallica Willd. [view IPNI entry] dans les sables de la Mediterranée; Marseille! (Jord.); Banyuls dans les Pyrénées-Or. (Jord.). Ч Juin".

–  Orobanche arenaria auct. div., non Orobanche arenaria Borkh. in Neues Mag. Bot. 1: 6 (1794) (Sell & Murrell, 2009: 503)

–  Phelypaea longiflora K. Koch "in Exsicc. herb. Berol.", non Orobanche longiflora Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806) (Beck, 1890: 125)

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Ind. loc.: "In collibus et montosis siccis ... Habitat in collibus siccioribus; supra Weinhaus [Weinhaus, village very close to the city of Vienna, Austria / Österreich], & c." (Jacqin, 1762: 108-9, 252).

Typus / Type: "Described from Austria. Type in Vienna" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 42, sub O. purpurea); "«In collibus et montosis siccis agri Vindobonensis» Jacq., W!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 11).

Designated by:

Host: usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium L., more rarely on Artemisia species [Wallroth, 1825: 61; Zázvorka, 2000: 486, sub P. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 28, sub O. purpurea; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009]).

Comments: "15) We propose to consider Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják as a single polytypic species with four well recognizable subspecies in the Western Palearctic. P. purpurea subsp. purpurea (tall plants with lax inflorescences of patent flowers, white corolla creases and lanceolate lower lip lobes) is parasitic on Achillea and Artemisia (Compositae) in somewhat ruderal places across Western and central Europeand to SW Asia. P. purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (tall plants with dense spikes of erecto-patent flowers) is parasitic on Artemisia in steppic environments of Central Europe, and is here cited for the first time for the Pyrenees and the Iberian Peninsula. P. purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.), comb. et stat. nov. (shorter plants with uniformly colored corollae and rounded, apiculated lower lip lobes) grows on Achillea in not very anthropized places in Western and Central Europe. Finally, P. purpurea subsp. balii (Maire), comb. et stat. nov. (taller plants with rounded not apiculated lower lip lobes) is the geographic race occurring in the Atlas Mountains (Morocco) as a parasite of Achillea ligustica and Cladanthus scariosus (Compositae)." (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 6-7, 98-109, 99-100 [subsp.-key], f. 1 [phylogenetic relationships]. 2008).

Chromosomatic number: n = 12 (Palomeque & Sańudo, 1981; Foley, 2001: 46 [Spain]); 2n = 24 (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 261 [Britain]); n = 12, 2n = 24 (Schneeweiss & al., 2004: 441).

Ic.: a, Jacquin, Florć Austriac. 3: t. 276 (1775) (illustration of O. Purpurea); b, Herb. Villars - MHNGr.1837.28688 [lectotype of O. caerulea]; c, J.E. Smith, Engl. Bot. 6: t. 423 (1796-1797) [sub O. caerulea]; d, MA 114846 (sub Phelipaea coerulea; Elsasses, France; leg. Emberger 1908); e, inflorescences (on Achillea millefolium L.; Traspeńa, Spain); f, anthers (sparsely hairy at the base; ib.); g, inflorescences (on Achillea millefolium L.; Era Solana, Spain); h, pistil (Luko, Spain); i, fruit (ib.); j, opend fruit schowing seeds (ib.); k, Orobanche purpurea, Florć Austriacć 3: t. 276 Jacquin vs hb. Sánchez Pedraja 12278; l, Phelipanche purpurea subsp. purpurea vs millefolii vs bohemica (Iberian Peninsula); m, habit [sub Orobanche purpurea (search-Vyhledávání - Florian, accessed Feb 2006) rostliny.nikde.cz].

Distribution: "General distribution: Atlantic and Central Europe, Mediterranean Region, Balkans-Asia Minor, Armenia-Kurdistan, Iran" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 42, sub O. purpurea). European distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); Iberian Peninsula distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Afghanistan / Afganistán

Baghlan Province: "NE: Kataghan [Qataghan Province]: in decl. borealibus jugi Salang, 2200 m, Lamond 2230" (Gilli, 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. purpurea f. purpurea); "NE: Kataghan [Qataghan Province]: in decl. borealibus jugi Salang, 2200 m, Lamond 2230" (Gilli, 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. tapeina).

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Albania Republic / Republika e Shqipërisë (Shuka & Tan, 2013: f. 13, sub O. purpurea)

"Dry Mt, above Gorrica e Madhe (near the border with F.Y.R. Macedonia), Gropat e Palates; 1820 m, 40°54'N 20°50'E, 8 July 2011, 5518 Shuka; TIR! / Shengjergji, south of Dry Mt, 1000-1300 m, 5 July 1959, 3546 F.K. Meyer, JE, digital specimen image! / N Albanian Alps, Shtegu i Dheneve, Thethi, 1300 m, 23 July 1959, 4085 F.K. Meyer;  JE, digital specimen image!"  (Shuka & Tan, 2013: f. 13, sub O. purpurea).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Jacqin, 1762: 108-9, 252, loc. class. of O. purpurea; Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Kärnten / Carinthia: "Carinthia (Obervellach)" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Salzburg: (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Styria: "Stiria (Graz)" ( Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Tyrol: (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Vienna: "In collibus et montosis siccis ... Habitat in collibus siccioribus; supra Weinhaus [Weinhaus, village very close to the city of Vienna, Austria / Österreich], & c." (Jacqin, 1762: 108-9, 252, loc. class. of O. purpurea); "Tabula tituli exprimit prospectum ex Türkenfchantz, qui collis est pago Weinhaus imminens urbique Viennae vicinissimus, ad montem Cetium versus laevam, montemque Leopoldi dextrorfum sětum. Ad quorum pedem ex prodit imo pagus Grinzing." (Jacquin (1775: 56, t. 276, loc. class. of O. purpurea); "circa Vindabonam etc." (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea); (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

"Austria [Austrian Empire]: Galicia, Bohemia (e prope Karlstein), Moravia (Brünn, Nikolsburg, Parfuss), Austria inferior et superior (circa Vindabonam etc.), Stiria (Graz), Carinthia (Obervellach), Tirolia (Brixen, Bozen, Riva), Istria (Barbona)" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien [unconfirmed] (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Beck, 190: 128, sub O. purpurea f. iberica; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 41-42 [50-51], sub O. purpurea)

Yerevan: "prope Eriwan [Yerevan] (f. iberica [see Phelipanche iberica])" (Beck, 190: 128, sub O. purpurea).

"Armeniâ (Koch)" (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea).

Кавказ, Армения (Армения) [Caucasus, Armenia (Armenia)] "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis / M.G. Pimenov. Plantae caucasicae / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / ... / 1997 N.ş 1057 / 7791" (MW 0717054 [Seregin MW0717054]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. arenaria]).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan (Beck, 190: 127, sub O. purpurea var. pareysi)

Goygol Rayon: "Transcaucasia: Prope Helenendorf [Goygol / Yelenino / Khanlar] leg. Hohenacker" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Lerik Rayon: "Caucasus: prope Tatuni [Lerik] (leg. Hohenacker in herb. Petrop.)" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea var. pareysi); "Talish: Swant, Hohen." [Talish Mountains / Talüsch / Talysch / Talyseh, prope pagum Swant [Zuvant / Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iranian Azerbaijan] (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea).

Yardymli Rayon: "In montibus Talüsch [Talish Mountains] prope pagum Limar [Gora Limar, Iranian Azerbaijan?] (alt. 500 hexap.)" (Meyer, 1931: 104, sub P. coerulea mihi).

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Belgium / Belgique / Belgien / Bélgica (Beck, 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea)

Luxembourg / Luxemburgo: Durbuy, "Bomal ... 13-6-1988" (Kreutz, 1995: 43, photo!, sub O. purpurea).

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea)

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: "Bosnia: pr. Sarajevo (leg. Beck)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea; Stoyanov, 2005: 464-466 f. 2 [distribution map], sub O. purpurea; Stoyanov & al., 2015)

"proved host plants (Asteraceae: Achillea clypeolata, A. millefolium, A. nobilis)" (Stoyanov, 2005: 465, sub O. purpurea).

"Bulgaria prope Öukarova Dobrudschae (leg. Sintenis), M. Balkan pr. Petrov Han (Velenovský); Rumelia: leg. Privaldsk y et pr. Sliven leg. Skorpil" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso / Caucas / Caucase

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia)

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia)

Unknown location: 1. "Phelipaea longiflora / C.A. Meyer. / Caucas // Ledebour / scripsit".   2. "Phelipaea longiflora / C.A. Mey. / Caucase / Donné par M. Ledebour / en 1854" (P 02970728; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014); "provinciis caucasicis" (Ledebour, 1849: 311, sub "P. longiflora C.A. Mey. Ind. cauc. p. 104 ... excl. synon. Pers."); "Caucasus: All regions." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 41-42 [50-51], sub O. purpurea).

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck, 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Zázvorka, 2000: 484-485, t. 78 f. 1!, sub P. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 31, sub O. purpurea).

Bohemia / Čechy: "Bohemia (e prope Karlstein [Karlštejn])" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck, 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Zázvorka, 2000: 484-485, t. 78 f. 1!, sub P. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 31, sub O. purpurea).

Moravia / Morava [South Moravian Region / Jihomoravský kraj]: "Moravia (Brünn [Brno], Nikolsburg [Mikulov], Parfuss [near Brno])" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

"Moravia, leg. Formanek." (Beck, 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis); "Austria [Austrian Empire]: Galicia, Bohemia (e prope Karlstein), Moravia (Brünn [Brno], Nikolsburg [Mikulov], Parfuss [near Brno]), Austria inferior et superior (circa Vindabonam etc.), Stiria (Graz), Carinthia (Obervellach), Tirolia (Brixen, Bozen, Riva), Istria (Barbona)" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Note: P. purpurea subsp. bohemica "Obtížně odlišitelná od morfotypů P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parazitujícíh na Artemisia vulgaris [Difficult to distinguish from P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parasitizing on Artemisia vulgaris [and A. verlotiorum]]" (Zázvorka, 2000: 487).

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Estonia / Estland / Eesti / Эстони (Tzvelev, 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea) [see P. purpurea subsp. bohemica]

Vőru maakond / Vőru County: "Baltic (southeastern Estonia)" (Tzvelev, 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea); 1. "VII.1893 / Neu Kasseriz (= Kasaritsa) bei Werro (= Vőru lähedal) / auf Artemisia campestris / leg. H. Hiir". – 2. "Orobanche arenaria Borkh. / Sandsommerwurz". – 3. "Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / L. Viljasoo / 10.XI-65." (TU 301922 [Tiina Samson]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [it seems to correspond to P. purpurea subsp. bohemica parasitic on Artemisia campestris]).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Reuter, 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea; Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck, 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Drôme (26): "Elle vient dans les prés, ŕ Crest & ailleurs." (Orobanche caerulea Vill., lectotype: Herb. Villars-MHNGr.1837.28688) (Carlón & al., 2008: 100).

Haute-Savoie (74): "monte Voirons [Massif du Chablais, Alpes] prope Genevam (J. Muret!) [Communauté d'Agglomération d'Annemasse - Les Voirons]" (Reuter, 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea C.A. Mey.).

Isčre (38): Mizoën, 45° 03′ 04″ N / 6° 08′ 35″ E, parasitic on Artemisia campestris L. (Compositae) in dry and sunny pastures, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 19 Jun 2004 (obs [this record seems to correspond to P. purpurea subsp. bohemica]).

Puy-de-Dôme (67): "Ch. d'Alleizette / plantes d'auvergne / Phelipaea arenaria / Sur Achillea millefolium / Puy-de-Dôme. Puy Chaleix, pelouses. / 20-VI-1932" (CLF 170369; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [all specimens correspond to P. purpurea apparently parasitizing Achillea sp.]).

Savoie (73): "Aussois (Savoie - France) le 30/07/2001 sur Achillea millefolium" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon, sub P. purpurea, in Plantes parasites ou hémiparasites - Pharmanatur; accessed Jul 2013).

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté [Bourgogne / Burgundy / Borgońa-Franche-Comté / Franco Condado]

Doubs (25): 1. "Orobanche vagabunda / Citadelle [de Besançon] / 15 Juin 1829".   2. "Orobanche vagabunda Vauch / Comosa Duby / Sur lit de plants[?] / Citadelle" (P 04394318; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [apparently parasitizing Achillea sp.]).

Haute-Saône (70): "Champlitte (Haute-Saône - France) le 13/05/2001 - 15/06/2005 sur Achillea millefolium" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon, sub P. purpurea, in Plantes parasites ou hémiparasites - Pharmanatur; accessed Jul 2013).

Brittany / Bretagne

Ille-et-Vilaine (35): 1. "Orobanche purpurea Jacq.". 2. "... Phelipaea caerula (Meyer) / ... Rothéneuf prčs St Malo [Saint-Malo] / 1er Juin 1890" (P 00598502; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Centre-Val de Loire

Loir-et-Cher (41): "Phelipaea caerulea C.A. Mey. / 1. 28 Juin 1880 2. 13 Juin 1881. / Le haut du pâtureau de Jaugy, sur / l'Achillea millefolium / C.m de Gievu (Loir-et-Cher) ..." (P 04608140; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016).

Indre-et-Loire (37): "Orobanche caerulea / Coteaux de la loire / h. Poiret" (P 04384527 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017 [the sheet contains five specimens, only the three specimens on the right-side of the sheet are P. arenaria (near their label), the other two are P. purpurea]).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega / Korsika [unconfirmed]

Haute-Corse (2B): "Herbier Bernard de Retz / N.ş 34649 / Phelypaea / caerulea C.A. Mey. / 26 juillet 1954 / Monte d'Oro [massif du Monte Rotondo] (Corse) / pentes et rochers de la / face nord, alt. / Leg. B. de Retz / 5345" (P 04409264; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2016 [the sheet contains two specimes which seem to correspond to O. minor]).

Île-de-France

Essonne (91): "Phelypaea coerulea C.A. Mey. / sur Achillea millefolium / Chamarande / du côte de Bonne / 10 Juillet 1898" (P 04404584; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017 [the sheet contains five specimens, the four specimens on the left-side and near their label are P. purpurea and the other specimen (La Grande-Paroisse) on the right-side is P. arenaria]).

Seine-et-Marne (77): "712 / Phelypaea caerulea C.A. Mey. / 3 juin 1948 / Bord de la route - La Croix St / Marc- prčs de Montgeron / (Seine-et-Marne) / sur Achillea millefolium" (P 00598729 - hb. Henri Bouby; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Ch. d'Alleizette / Phelipaea / Sur Achillea millefolium / Seine-et-Marne - Env. de Nemours / prčs du canal / sol calcaire / 28 Juin 1929" (CLF 170370; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017).

Val d'Oise (95): "La Roche Guyon", Jean-Luc Tasset, Mai 2003 and Juin 2007 [5 photos!] (Tela Botanica; accessed Dec 2009); "Amenucourt", Jean-Luc Tasset, Juin 2008 [1 photo!] (Tela Botanica, accessed Dec 2009).

Grand Est [Alsace / Elsŕss-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardenne]

Bas-Rhin / Unterelsŕss (67): "Flora des Elsasses ... 1908. Leg. Emberger, Thann." (MA 114846, sub Phelipaea coerulea C.A. Mey.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007); "Elsaß (Straßburg!)" (Beck, 1930: 107).

Haute-Marne (52): "Herbier P. Litzler / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. (= Phelypaea carurea (Vill.) Meyer) / France (Haute-Marne): Langres, La Citadelle / sur Achillea millefolium / 29.06.1902 / leg. P. Fournier" (MPU 339611; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja June 2017).

Marne (51): "Orobanche coerulea Vill. ... / ... / laevis ... / ... côte de Champagne [Côte des Blancs, Champagne] / Juin / ..." (P 04393955 - hb. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

Normandy / Normandie / Normandía [Lower Normandy- Upper Normandy]

Manche (50): "Or. amethystea ... arenaria / ŕ Vieux Cerisy-la-Foręt / M. le Sauvage, 1829" (P 04429708 - hb. M.A. Ramond; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014); "Les Moitiers-d'Allonne", Benoit Bock, Juin 2002 [3 photos!] (Tela Botanica; accessed Dec 2009); "Pirou-plage, Normandie, 7 june 2008" (photo zipcodezoo_1.jpg in Orobanche purpurea - ZipcodeZoo; accessed Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017).

Occitanie / Occitŕnia [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Hérault (34): "CH. D'Alleizette / Phelipaea arenaria Walp. / Hérault: La Motte [La Grande-Motte], prčs Montpellier / sables sur Achillea setacea [Achillea millefolium subsp. setacea (Waldst. & Kit.) Čelak.] / 2 Juin 1912" (CLF 170371; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the sheet contains three specimens, only the central specimen that is attached to its host (Achillea) is P. purpurea; the two lateral specimens are P. arenaria (very typical and well preserved the left-hand specimen)]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenčus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "Herbier Bernard de Retz / 26621 / Phelypaea / caerulea C.A. Mey. / 26 juillet 1948 / Montlouis [Mont-Louis] (Pyrénées-Orientales) Fetjčs, alt. 1500 m. / Leg. B. de Retz / 5345" (P 04409263; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2016).

Pays de la Loire

Vendée (85): "2809 / Phelypaea caerulea Mey. / Vendée - La Châtaigneraie, route du rocher / Perrot / 10 juin 1921" (P 00598730 - hb. Jean Guillet, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Picardie

Aisne (02): "Herbier M. Bournérias Nş 3306 / ... Phelypaea purpurea (Jacq.) Asch. / ... / Commenchon (Aisne) / 21.6.46[1946] / ..." (P 04409228, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2013).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence: "Orobanche Coerulea / ... / Barcelonnette Basses Alpes / Av. Juill. 1870 Coll. Cheminaud" (P 04393956 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "Val Vésubie: env. de St-Martin-Lantosque [Arrondissement de Nice, N 43° 58' 0'' E 7° 19' 0''], 19.6.1865 (herb. G. Thuret). Val. Estéron: Sallagriffon [Arrondissement de Grasse, N 43° 53' 0'' E 6° 54' 0''], prčs du village (entre Aiglun et Puget-Théniers, 20.6.1884 (Charpin & Salanon, 1985: 253); "Val. Var: Estenc [Entraunes], prčs les sources du Var, 27.7.1877, det. P. purpurea (Jacq.) Aschers. var. stenosepala nob. (Vetter, s.d.); val Sanguiničre sur Estenc [Entraunes], 29.7.1877" (Charpin & Salanon, 1985: 253).

Var (83): "Gonfaron et les Mayons ... parasite l'Achillée millefeuille (Achillea millefolium) (photo 2: O. purpurea1 !) (Michaud & Morvant, 2005: 190).

"Gallia: Precigne Dép. Sarthe, Fontainebleau, Laiz prčs Maron" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea)

Samtskhe-Javakheti Region: valley of river Kura (Mtkvari): gorge between monastery of Vardzia and castle Khertvisi. 43°19'03'' E 41°23'32'' N. 1260 m, G. Schneeweiß, A. Tribsch, M. Staudinger & P. Schönswetter, 2002-07-16, AY209306 (WU 0032450).

No precise location given: "Iberiâ (M.B., Hoh.)" (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "prope Mahmutli [Georgia] (formam longirhachis leg. Bayern)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

South Ossetia / Tskhinvali Region / State of Alania / Южная Осетия / Государство Алания

Кавказ, Южная Осетия [Caucasus, South Ossetia] (MW 0717053; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. owerinii]).

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania (Reuter, 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea; Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Beck, 1930: 107, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea)

Hessen / Hesse / Hessia

Main-Kinzig-Kreis: "prope Hanau [Frankfurt am Main, N 50° 8' 0'' E 8° 55' 0''] (leg. Clemençon)!" (Beck, 1890: 126, loc. class. of O. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha).

North Rhine-Westphalia / Nordrhein-Westfalen:

Blankenheim: Blankenheim, Eifel (D), 31-7-1984 (Kreutz, 1995: 43, photo!); "bei Marsberg ... 1989" (Uhlich & al., 1995: 40 Abb20!, 109 Abb. 105!).

Rhineland-Palatinate / Rheinland-Pfalz

Alzey-Worms: "Wöllstein, Hunsrück (D), 1-7-1989" (Kreutz, 1995: 43, photo!).

Saxony / Sachsen / Sajonia

Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge: "Burg Stolpen" (Uhlich & al., 1995: 40 Abb19!).

"Germania: Bitch, Strassburg, Heidelberg, Kelheim, Coblenz, Würzburg, Giessen, Aschaffenburg, München, Prenzlau, Berlin etc." ( Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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Great Britain / Gran Bretańa / Grande-Bretagne / Großbritannien [United Kingdom] (Smith, 1796-1797: 423 [t. 423], sub O. caerulea; Reuter, 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea; Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 261, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]; Sell & Murrell, 2009: 503)

Channel Islands / Îles Anglo-Normandes / Îles de la Manche

Channel Islands: "Orobanche caerulea Vill. / Herb. J. Gay. / Presented by Dr. Hooker, February 1868. / Ile de Jersey.- Lagasca dedit / Aug. 1832. - Il existe aussi en Angleterra / (Smith Engl. Fl. II. p. 149)" (K 000759342; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2012 [the sheet contains four specimens (each of them next to its label), three of them correspond to P. purpurea from Jersey (specimens of Lagasga and Stevens) and the fourth (the Besser's specimen) seems to correspond to P. arenaria from Podolien[?] (see also P. arenaria)]); "795 / Orobanche arenaria Bork. / Loc. Saint Martin [?] / Co. Jersey / June 1853 / Coll. & Comm. by John T. Syme, London / Botanical Society of London" (P 04392703; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017); "Stevens / Orobanche arenaria / Bork. / On Achillea Millefolium / Near St Saviour's church, Jersey, / August. 1881" (K 000759343; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2012); "Jersey! und Alderney!" (Beck, 1930: 107); "the Channel Islands in 1839 (Marquand 1901) ... Guernsey" (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 261, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]; Sell & Murrell, 2009: 503).

England / Inglaterra / Angleterre (Reuter, 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea)

East of England: "It grows in hilly pastures on the north coast of Norfolk, flowering in July. A single specimen was found in 1779 by a Mr. Scarles near Northreps [Northrreps], and several more last year near Sheringham by Mr. W. Skrimshire of Wisbeach; ours was gathered by the Rev. Mr. Sutton at Beeston near Cromer" (Smith, 1796-1797: 423 [t. 423]; Beck, 1930: 107); "Norfolk in 1779 ... Suffolk in 1828 ... Orobanche purpurea has always been found on Achillea millefolium Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire ... Norfolk ... Lincolnshire ... Eastfield Road, N. Killingholme" (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]).

North West of England: "near Senhouse Dock, Maryport, Cumbria" (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 261, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]).

South East England: "John Goodyer's 1621 Hampshire ... Isle of Wight in 1841 by Bromfield ... Stoke in Hampshire ... CGE (20.6.1903, Shedfield) ... Isle of Wight ... Sandown area" (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 261-262, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]); "The Kent station ... Bishopsbourne" (Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 262, 283 f. 9 [BI distribution]).

Wales / Gales

South West Wales: Pembrokeshire, "Pembrokeshire and Dorsetshire to Lincolnshire and in the Channel Islands" (Sell & Murrell, 2009: 503).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas (Grisebach, 1844: 59, loc. class. of Phelypaea coerulea var. ciliaris; Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea; Beck, 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea; Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea) [distribution needs to be confirmed]

Continental Greece / Στερεά Ελλάδα / Stereá Elláda

Attica / Αττική

Mount Pentelicus / Pentelikon / Pendeli / Πεντέλη: "Hab. in Anthemide Austriacâ [Anthemis austriaca Jacq.] ad cacumen montis Pentelici (leg. Sart!)" (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "Graecia: In cacumine montis Pentelikon (leg. Sartori)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "Attica: mt. Pentelicon (Sartori!)" (Beck, 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "Sterea Ellas [Central Greece - Rumelia]: Pendeli (G. Beck loc. cit.)" (Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Phthiotis / Φθιώτιδα: "Timfristos!" (Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki / Halkidiki / Χαλκιδική: "In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άθως / Agion Oros / Άγιον Όρος, Athonite State / Αθωνική]: in sylvis pr. Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie!" (Grisebach, 1844: 59, loc. class. of Phelypaea coerulea var. ciliaris; Orobanche purpurea var. typica f. ciliaris); "Macedonia in Athone (Griseb.)" (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); "North East: Athos (Grisebach op. cit.)" (Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Pieria / Πιερία: Pindus Mountain Range / Pindos / Pindhos / Πίνδος [see Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják]: "Graecia: in Pindo Tymphaeo (Hausskn.)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "In herbidis. Thessalia: pr. Klinovo in Pindo tymphaeo (Haussk.!)" (Beck, 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "N Pindhos: Petra Likou [Pétra] W of Milea! ... (G. Beck loc. cit.)" (Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Crete / Κρήτη / Creta

"Creta (Sibth.)" (Beck, 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea, Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη

Drama / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Δράμας: "Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Greece: Dráma, Falakron, 2,0 km NW Dendrakia 1990-06-14, leg.: Willing, R. & Willing, E. 10276, 1990-06-14, det. E. Willing" (B 100682850).

Ionian Islands Region / Περιφέρεια Ιονίων Νήσων

Cephalonia / Kefalonia / Κεφαλονιά / Κεφαλλονιά: "Cephalonia (Unger)" (Beck, 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea).

North Aegean / Περιφέρεια Βορείου Αιγαίου

Samos: "Is: Samos, Fors.-Maj. 397." (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Peloponnese / Περιφέρεια Πελοποννήσου

"Peloponnesus (Sibth.): mt. Ithome Messeniae [Messenia] (Friedr.), mt. Kupe (Chaub.)" (Beck, 1902: 448, sub O. purpurea); "Peloponnisos: Mt. Ithome and Mt. Kupe (G. Beck loc. cit.)" (Strid & Tan, 1991: 269, sub O. purpurea).

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Hungary / Hungría / Magyarország (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

"Hungaria: Pressburg, N. Podhrad, Gran, circa Budapesth, Gr. Maros, Grosswardein etc." (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

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Iran / Irán [Persia] (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea; Gilli, 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. garhwalensis, 304, sub O. purpurea f. purpurea et sub O. purpurea var. spitzelii [usually, he never refers to host-plants, so their determinations must be confirmed]; Yousefi & al., 2013: 694, sub O. purpurea)

Alborz Province: "Persia: C: Qazv.: Kuh Dashteh [N 35°48′08″ E 51°05′28″] prope Karŕj [Karaj County], 2500 m, Gauba 737!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea).

East Azerbaijan Province [Iranian Azerbaijan]: "In montibus Talüsch [Talish Mountains / Talüsch / Talysch / Talyseh] prope pagum Limar [Gora Limar, Yardymli District, Azerbaijan?] (alt. 500 hexap.)" (Meyer, 1931: 104, sub P. coerulea mihi); "Talish: Swant [Talish Mountains, prope pagum Zuvant / Zuvand], Hohen." (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 11, sub O. purpurea).

Gilan Province [the North is part of Talysh territory]: "Persia: N: Gilan: in montibus inter Asalem (Navrud) et Khalkhal (Herowabad), 1900-2300 m, Rech. 43488" Gilli, 1979: 304, sub O. purpurea var. spitzelii).

West Azerbaijan Province: "Persia: W: Azerb.: in jugo Qushchi [Gardaneh-ye Qūshchī] inter Shahpur [Salmas] et Rezaiyeh [Urmia], 1600-1850 m, Rech. 41932" (Gilli, 1979: 303, sub O. purpurea var. garhwalensis); "Persia: W: Azerb.: in jugo S.E. Shahpur [Salmas], 1750 m, Petrovitz 59" (Gilli, 1979: 304, sub O. purpurea f. purpurea).

Zanjan Province [Iranian Azerbaijan]: "Orobanche purpurea Jacq., on A. wilhelmsii plants in two locations in province of Zanjan (Zanjan, 36°37′19.85″ N, 48°27′16.87″ E, 1,707.4 m elevation, and Qolabar [Golabar Rural District], 36°19′19.85″ N, 48°19′16.41″ E, 1,663.9 m elevation) in northwestern Iran in May 2012" (Yousefi & al., 2013: 694, sub O. purpurea).

"Persiâ boreali (Bge!)" (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Bertoloni, 1846: 449, sub O. caerulea; Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica et K. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha; Beck, 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea)

Apulia / Puglia (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Foggia (FG): "Gargano, Puglie" (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Basilicata (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Potenza (PZ): "Basil." (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica); "Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Reut. / Orobanchaceae: Succiamele ramoso / La Sellata (PZ), 1350 m, giu 2013" (photos 3225 [sub P. mutelii 59734_273301.jpg, 59734_273306.jpg, 59734_273298.jpg, 59734_273308.jpg] by Franco Caldararo in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014 [the specimens correspond to P. purpurea]).

Campania [unconfirmed, see Phelypaea caerulea var. millefolii]

Naples (NA): "di Buceto [Buceto (water spring), Insula Inarime / Ischia island] ad radices Achilleae ligusticae, sola var. b." (Gussone, 1855: 250, sub Phelypaea caerulea var. millefolii); "Ischia (var. spitzelii)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea; Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. spitzelii); "Nap. ... Capri [unconfirmed, see P. rosmarina]" (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica).

Emilia-Romagna

Forlě-Cesena (FC): "Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel // Orobanche ramosa L. // Orobancaceae / Forli' (FC), 34 m, mag 2012 (photos 46931 [215568, 215569, 215577, 215578] by Eugenia Bugni in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.]).

Parma (PR): "Parma" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Ravenna (RA): "Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják / Orobanchaceae: Orobanche purpurea Ortazzino (RA), 0 m, mag 2011" (photo 32988_155854 by Daniele Saiani in Acta Plantarum; accessed Dec 2014).

Lombardia

Brescia (BS): "BS" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Provinz Brescia: Val Camonica und an der Grenze des Bearbeitungsgebietes in der Ebene südlich Brescia" (Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea); Bompensiero [Villachiara] (BS), mag 2008 ... su Artemisia verlotiorum (photos 058678b1 et 361d073b by di Franco Giordana, sub P. arenaria, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea [yellowish form]).

Como (CO): Como (CO): Erba (CO), 250 m, giu 2014 (photos 63799 by Ettore Guarnaroli, sub Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Reut., in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.); "CO" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Lecco (LC): "Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják / Orobanchaceae: Orobanche purpurea / Olgiate Molgora (LC), 300 m, giu 2012 [apparently parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris L. (cf.)]" (photos 40286 [187217, 187218, 187219...] by Emma Silviana Mauri in Acta Plantarum; accessed Dec 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris]).

Sondrio (SO): "Bormio" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "SO" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Marche

Ascoli Piceno (AP): "in Mte. Vettore supra St. Gemma agri Pisani" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "Marche sul M. Vettore" (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica).

Pesaro e Urbino (PU): "Habui ex districtu Urbinati in monte Cupiolo [Montecopiolo], et Villa grande [Villagrande] ab Azzabolio" (Bertoloni, 1846: 449, sub O. caerulea).

Piedmont / Piemonte / Piemont (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea)

Cuneo (CN): "CN" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Torino (TO): "TO" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Vercelli (VC): "Vercelli+Biella" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Sicilia / Sicily [unconfirmed]

Messina (ME): "Salina nelle Eolie" (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica [unconfirmed]).

Toscana (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica)

Florence (FI): "Firenze" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Livorno (LI): "Cal. ed isole de Capria" (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica [unconfirmed, see P. rosmarina]); Livorno (LI), 20 m, mag 2011 (photos 32499 [32499_153443, 32499_153445, 32499_153446, 32499_153447 et 32499_153452] by Valerio Lazzeri, sub P. arenaria, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.]).

Pisa (PI): M. Pisano [Monte Pisano, Subappennino toscano] (PI), giu 2005 (photos 8730_39730 by Brunello Pierini, sub P. purpurea, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.); Coltano (PI), 0 m, giu 2013 (photos 50433_231782 et 50433_231784 by Alessio Pierotti, sub P. purpurea, in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the specimens may correspond to P. purpurea, apparently, parasitizing Artemisia vulgaris cf.]).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol [unconfirmed, see P. purpurea subsp. bohemica (Zázvorka, 2000: 487)*]

Bolzano – Alto Adige / Bozen – Südtirol (BZ): "BZ" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea).

Trento / Trentino (TN): "ex Tyroli Italico in Fiemme [Fiemme Valley] sub Tesero prope Capriana a Facchinio" (Bertoloni, 1846: 449, sub O. caerulea); "TN" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Provinz Trento: z. B. bei Mezzana im Val di sole [Sulzberg], um Trient [Trento] und Mt. Baldo bei S. Valentino" (Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Valle d'Aosta / Vallée d'Aoste (AO): "AO" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea); "Diffusa nella media valle centrale dalla conca di Saint-Vincent a quella di Arvier !; anche in V. di Cogne a Pondel (Vust) e tra il ponte di Laval e Crétaz [Valtournenche] (Vaccari, Maillefer & Wilczek - FI, Domina det.) e nella V. del G.S.Bernardo, a monte di Gignod (Vaccari - FI, Domina det.; Bovio, AO !) e sopra Saint-Oyen (Bovio, Broglio & Galbiati, 2014 - HbBovio, Domina det.). Osservata fino a 1715 m.", AO-N.SFV-2756: Verrayes, 2012 - Bovio det., Domina conf. (photos 5430.0030-03.jpg, 5430.0030-06.jpg and 5430.0030-05.jpg [the three photos correspond to P. arenaria]; 5430.0030-01.jpg [the photo corresponds to P. nana]; 5430.0030-02.jpg and 5430.0030-04.jpg [the photos seem to correspond to P. purpurea subsp. bohemica] by M. Broglio, sub Phelipanche purpurea 1306-102 in 2018 Société de la Flore Valdôtaine; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2018).

Veneto

Padova (PD): "nei C. Euganei [Colli Euganei] (Bizz. [Bizzozero])" (Beck, 1890: 126, loc. class. of O. caerulea var. pallidiflora Bizz.; "Venetia (non vidi)", loc. class. of O. purpurea var. typica f. achroantha Beck); Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica f. achroantha; Beck, 1930: 110).

Vicenza (VI) [unconfirmed]: "T. de Lavoro [Del Lavoro?]" (Béguinot, 1902: 473, sub Kopsia purpurea var. typica).

"Italia: Piernont, Firenze, in Mte. Vettore supra St. Gemma agri Pisani, Bormio, Ischia (var. spitzelii), Capri, Parma, in valle Ruegras (var. spitzelii leg. Rostan) in alpibus Cotticis (var. bohemica leg. Rostan)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

Note: P. purpurea subsp. bohemica "Obtížně odlišitelná od morfotypů P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parazitujícíh na Artemisia vulgaris (Difficult to distinguish from P. purpurea subsp. purpurea parasitizing on Artemisia vulgaris [and A. verlotiorum])" (Zázvorka, 2000: 487).

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Netherlands / Nederlanden / Países Bajos

South Holland / Zuid-Holland: "Noordwijk aan Zee" (Kreutz, 1995: 43, photo!); Netherlands (photo by Rogier van Vugt in Flora of the Netherlands, sub O. purpurea).

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen (Pusch & Günther, 2009: 31, sub O. purpurea; Piwowarczyk, 2012)

"znalezisko 20090618.1.rpw - Orobanche purpurea (zaraza niebieska) · Chrzanów · (leg. det. Renata Piwowarczyk)" (photos in www.atlas-roslin.pl; accessed Dec 2014).

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Portugal

P. purpurea was also recorded from Portugal by Sampaio, 1947: 499, sub Kopsia purpurea, "(Artemisia crithmifolia Lin.). 5-7. Norte"; Franco, 1984: 277, sub O. purpurea, "Epífito em Artemisia spp. e Leontodon sp. NW. ocid. e CW. aren."; Foley, 2001: 46, sub O. purpurea, ["Mi?"]; Domingues de Almeida, 2003: 59 ["DL", "Mi"]; Sequeira & al., 2011: 46, sub O. purpurea, but these records seem to correspond to P. arenaria (Aedo & al. 1997: 338; Carlón & al., 2002: 11).

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Romania / Rumania / România (Beck, 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis; Beck, 1890: 128, loc. class. of Orobanche purpurea var. hirsuta)

Caraș-Severin County: "Rarius: Vidi ex Hungaria prope pagum Lagos [Lugoj, Timiș County, Banat, Romania] comit. Krassó [Krassó-Szörény County / Caraş-Severin was an administrative county (comitatus) of the historic Kingdom of Hungary], leg. Heuffel (herb. Háynald)" (Beck, 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis); "Banatus (Oravitza [Oravița])" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

Transsylvania

"Rare. Transsilvania : Prope Boos Comit. [County / Comitatus)] Kolos [Cluj County / Kolozs megye, Nord-Vest] leg. Frey n (vidi in herb. suo). In herb. Petrop. (leg. Fische r — unde ?)." (Beck, 1890: 128, loc. class. of Orobanche purpurea var. hirsuta); "Transsylvania (V. Hunyad [Hunedoara County, Vest], Sard prope Karlsburg [Alba Iulia, Centru], Klausenburg [Cluj-Napoca, Nord-Vest], prope arcem Deva [Hunedoara County, Vest], Rodna [Kreis Bistrița-Năsăud / Bistrița-Năsăud County, Nord-Vest] etc.)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Russia / Россия / Rusia / Russie / Russland (Ledebour, 1849: 312, sub P. caerulea; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 41-42 [50-51], sub O. purpurea; Tzvelev, 1981 [2001]: 448-449, sub O. purpurea)

Central Federal District / Центра́льный федера́льный о́круг [the location needs be confirmed]

"Center (Upper Volga: town of Rozhdestveno on the Nara River; Volga-Don)" (Tzvelev, 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea); "Восточная Европа, Центральный лесостепной район (Россия) [Eastern Europe, Central Forest-Steppe District (Russia)]" (MW 0514093; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [the specimen corresponds to P. arenaria]).

North Caucasian Federal District / Се́веро-Кавка́зский федера́льный о́круг [locations need be confirmed]

Dagestan (Republic of) / Республика Дагестан: Orobanche arenaria Borkh. 17.05.1970. Собр. А. Гаджиомаров [Coll. A. Gadzhiomarov] (MW 0723409; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017 [the specimens correspond to P. purpurea]).

Karachay-Cherkess Republic / Карачаево-Черкесская Республика: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche mutelii F. Schultz / Карачаево-Черкесия, / Карачаевский р-н [Karachayevsky District], окр. города / Теберда [Teberda], долина реки Джамагат‚ / правый берег. На лугу. / N.ş 7140  17 июля 2009 г. [17 Jul 2009] / Leg. А.С. Зернов, С.А. Сенатор [A.S. Zernov, S.A. Senator] / Det. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov]  ! N. Tzvelev 2010" (MW 0717028; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimen corresponds to P. purpurea]); Zernov [Зернов] & al. (2015: 379; accessed and rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2018, sub O. mutelii [the photo corresponds to P. purpurea] and sub O. purpurea [the photo corresponds to P. arenaria]).

Republic of North Ossetia-Alania / Республика Северная Осетия-Алания: Северо-Осетинская АССР. 21.VI-1976 [North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic] (MW 0717050; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. owerinii]); Северная Осетия. 24.06.1992 (MW 0717049; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018).

Kabardino-Balkar Republic / Кабардино-Балкарская Республика: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche mutelii / F. Schultz / Кавказ [Caucasus], Кабардино-Балкарская [Kabardino-Balkaria], / по линии ж.д. Налъчикт-докшуыино [along the railway line of Nalchik-Dokshukino], 11 июня 1928 [11.06.1923] / Собр. A. Щукини [I. Schukin] (MW 0717027; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [the specimen corresponds to P. purpurea]).

Stavropol Krai / Ставропо́льский край: Herbarium horti botanici Universitatis Mosquensis. / Orobanche caerulea Vill. / ... Achillea millefolium. / ... / ... / 21 ... 1902 "Кавказ, Ставропольский край, Карачаево-Черкесия, Кабардино-Балкария (Россия) [Caucasus, Stavropol Territory, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia)]" (MW 0717043; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); Ставропольский край, 17.VII.1955 (MW 0717048; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018).

Southern Federal District / Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг [formerly known as North Caucasian Federal District]

Adygea Republic / Респу́блика Адыге́я: "Кавказ, Краснодарский край и Адыгея (Россия) [Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory and Adygea (Russia)]" (MW 0717042; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

Krasnodar Krai / Краснода́рский край: Orobanche (caerulea) [?] "Кавказ, Краснодарский край и Адыгея (Россия) [Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory and Adygea (Russia)]" (MW 0717042; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); Orobanche mutelii F. Schultz, Краснодарский край, Большой Сочи [Greater Sochi], 04.06.2016, leg. Шепелева Е.А. [Shepeleva E.A.], N.ş 72 (MW 1003792; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2018 [atypical branched specimen apparently parasitizing on Artemisia vulgaris]).

Volgograd Oblast / Волгогра́дская о́бласть / Volgogradskaya oblast: "Orobanche coerulea Vill / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. Becker" (P 04393735 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [cf. P. caesia]); "Phelipaea arenaria / Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта] / Herb. A. Becker" (P 04215442; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017 [the sheet contains two specimens, only the left-side specimen is P. arenaria, the specimen on right-side of the sheet could be P. purpurea); "ex Sarepta [Old Sarepta / Старая Сарепта], leg. Becker" (Beck, 1890: 125, loc. class. of  O. purpurea f. longirhachis).

Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District / Приво́лжский федера́льный о́круг

Bashkortostan Republic / Респу́блика Башкортоста́н / Respublika Bashkortostan: "Orobanche / Башҡорт АССР [Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic] / ... / 24.06.72 Тавасиев Р.А. [Tavasiev R.A.]" (MW 0514072; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018, P. purpurea).

"Rossia: In Gouverniis Orel, Tambow, Tauria (var. pareysi), Astrachan; in territorio Caucasico prope Derbent ad mare caspicum (leg. Becker)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea); "European USSR: Upper Dniester, Middle Dnieper, Volga-Don, Trans-Volga Region, (south-west), Bessarabia, Black Sea Region, Lower Don, Lower Volga, Crimea. Caucasus: All regions." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 41-42 [50-51], sub O. purpurea); "Baltic (southeastern Estonia); Center (Upper Volga: town of Rozhdestveno on the Nara River; Volga-Don); West; East; Crimea. — In steppes, on dry herbaceous slopes, forest glades, scrublands; parasitizing species of Achilles L., less often species of Artemisia L., Pyrethrum Zinn. and Anthemis L." (Tzvelev, 1981: 328[449], sub O. purpurea); Кавказ, Ставропольский край, Карачаево-Черкесия, Кабардино-Балкария (Россия) [Caucasus, Stavropol Territory, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia)] (MW 0717047; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

Krim / Crimea / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів (see Crimean Peninsula)

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Serbia / Srbija / Србија (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea)

Vojvodina / Војводина: "Banatus (Panczova [Pančevo / Панчево])" (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea).

"Serbia: in Mte. Avala prope Belgrad, Mt. Rtanj Serbiae meridionalis, Supovac, Kusovac, Kragujevac (hb. Pančić), in agro Nissano (Petrovic)" (Beck, 1890: 128, sub O. purpurea).

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Slovenia / Slovenija / Eslovenia / Slowenien (Beck, 1890: 127, sub O. purpurea; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 284, sub O. purpurea)

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Spain / Espańa / Espagne / Spanien (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 98-101. 2008)

Álava / Araba (Vi): Legutiano [Villarreal de Álava], «Urbina», 30TWN2954, 545 m, cuneta, P. Urrutia, 4-VII-1984 (VIT 67455; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 4-IX-2002) (Carlón & al., 2003: 12); Arratzu-Ubarrundia [Arrazúa-Ubarrundia], pr. Luku [Luco], 30TWN2954, 520 m, parásita de Achillea millefolium, G. Moreno Moral MM0105/2007, 6-VII-2007 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12945) (Alejandre & al., 1987: 128, quienes la citaron de este exacto lugar bajo la fe de VIT 67455!, “4-VII-1984”).

Barcelona (B): municipality of Castellar de n’Hug [Nuch], south slope of Roc Vermell (above Castellar de n’Hug village [Berguedŕ Comarca]), 31TDG1982, 1550 m, parasitic (!) on Achillea millefolium between the grasses which occupy old cultivated terraces, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0086/2005, 15 July 2005 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12282); Castellar de n’Hug [Nuch], l’Erola, 31TDG1982, 1470 m, parásita de Achillea millefolium en prado soleado, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0087/2005, 15-VII-2005 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12283); Castellar de n’Hug [Nuch], barranco del Rieral —entre l’Erola y Castellar de n’Hug—, 31TDG1982, 1380 m, parásita de Achillea millefolium en prado fresco en la vaguada, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0088/2005, 15-VII-2005 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12284) (Aymerich, 1998: 49, sub O. purpurea).

Burgos (Bu): Cubilla, Partido de la Sierra en Tobalina, Losa, det. Pau (MA 114841 / BCF 39889) (Carlón & al., 2003: 12); Merindad de Montija, pr. Quintanilla de Pienza, 30TVN6060, 635 m, parásita de Achillea millefolium en cunetas herbosas y prados, G. Moreno Moral MM0140/2007, 6-X-2007 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12999); municipality of Merindad de Montija, near Quintanilla de Pienza, 30TVN6060, 635 m, parasitic on A. millefolium in a grassy roadside and meadows, G. Moreno Moral MM0140/2007, 15 Jun 2008 (obs); ibidem, G. Moreno Moral MM0072/2009, 24 Jun 2009 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13315 [twenty specimens were observed at anthesis and we collected some of them for our own studies]).

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Cantabria [formerly known as Santander Province] (S): municipality of Camaleńo, near Mogrovejo village, 30TUN6078, 650 m, next to Achillea millefolium and Artemisia campestris subsp. glutinosa, P. Catalán, G. Moreno Moral & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja SP0404/1996, 21 Jun 1996 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 05732) (Aedo & al., 1997: 338) [Obs. here it coexists with P. arenaria (cf. M.J.Y. Foley, 2001b: 240, phot. 7, sub Orobanche arenaria)]; municipality of Hermandad de Campoo de Suso, at south of the Virgen de los Cajigales hermitage, near Villacantid [Villacantiz], 30TVN0360, 875 m, apparently parasitizing Achillea millefolium in the fluvial terrace of the Híjar river, G. Moreno Moral MM0123/2007, 11 July 2007 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12982) (Carlón & al., 2010: 52); municipality of Hermandad de Campoo de Suso, at south west of the Cajigales (valley of Híjar river, near Villacantid village); 30TVN0361, 880 m, perhaps parasitic on Achillea millefolium L. in a pasture with deep soils, G. Moreno Moral MM0116/2008, 6 Jul 2008 (obs.) (Carlón & al., 2010: 52); Hermandad de Campoo de Suso, al sur de los Cajigales, vega del Híjar (pr. Villacantiz [Villacantid]), 30TVN0360, 875 m, G. Moreno Moral, 7-VI-2011 (obs.); Hermandad de Campoo de Suso, al norte de los Campos, (pr. Villacantiz [Villacantid]), 30TVN0260, 885 m, parásita de Achillea millefolium en pasto con abundante Eryngium campestre en suelos pedregosos de la terraza fluvial junto al Híjar, G. Moreno Moral, 8-VII-2012 (obs. [la colonia la componen 10 tallos floríferos]).

Gerona / Girona (Ge / Gi): "Rupit (Gerona) campos, sobre A. millefolium, legit. Losa junio 1949" (MA 160870, "Phelipaea coerulea C.A. Mey.") (Pujadas, 2001: 73, sub O. purpurea; M.J.Y. Foley, 2001b: 48, lám. 16, sub O. purpurea; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007).

Guipúzcoa / Gipuzkoa / Guipuscoa (SS): «Mendiola» (VIT 33098; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 4-IX-2002) (Aseginolaza & al., 1985: 702).

Granada (Gr): Huéscar, talud de la carretera junto al puente sobre el arroyo de la Tovilla Alta sobre el cortijo el Tebazo—, 30SWH3914, 1330 m, parásita de Artemisia campestris, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0116/2007, 24-VII-2007 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12963).

Jaén (J): P. purpurea was also recorded from Sierra Mágina by Pujadas (Pujadas, 2000: 105; Pujadas & al., 2007: 11; Pujadas, 2009: 415, sub O. purpurea), but these records seem to correspond to Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Carlón & al., 2008: 103).

Lérida / Lleida (L / Ll): "Solŕ d’Espot [municipality of Espot, Pallars Sobirŕ Comarca], cap als Barrancs del Vedat, 1500 m" (Carrillo & Ninot, 1992); "Val d’Aran, Arres, sur le millefeuille, -1921, Fre. Xavier" (MPU s/n Herbier Coste) (Pujadas, 2001: 73, sub O. purpurea); Vielha e Mijaran [Viella-Mitg Arán], Era Solana —pr. Escunhau—, 31TCH2129, 1030 m, cerca de Achillea millefolium en ladera caldeada, terrosa y pedregosa, aparentemente silícea, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0139/2003, 3-VII-2003 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11452); municipality of Vielha e Mijaran [Viella-Mitg Arán], Era Solana (near Escunhau [Val d'Aran]), 31TCH2129, 1010 m, parasitizing Achillea millefolium, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0165/2004, 22 June 2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11945) (Pujadas, 2001: 73, sub O. purpurea); municipality of Espot, Suar [Solŕ de Espot], (near Espot village, Pallars Sobirŕ Comarca), 31TCH4116, 1520 m, parasitic on Achillea millefolium in sunny meadows, G. Moreno Moral MM0076/2009, 27 Jun 2009 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13319, about 50 flowering specimens).

Palencia (P): Castrejón de la Peńa, serrezuela de Penillas —pr. Traspeńa de la Peńa—, 30TUN6941, 1150 m, sobre (!) Achillea millefolium en suelos profundos y sueltos, G. Moreno Moral MM0174/2004, 4-VII-2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11985); municipality of Castrejón de la Peńa, Penillas little montaine range (near Traspeńa de la Peńa village), G. Moreno Moral MM0082/2005, 9 Jul 2005 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12278).

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Canarias, Islas / Canary Islands: P. purpurea was also recorded from Canary Islands by some authors (e.g., Pitard & Proust, 1909: 296; Beck, 1930: 108; Pérez de Paz & al., 1981: 27, 39), but these records seem to correspond to other Phelipanche species (Carlón & al., 2008: 98).

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza (Info Flora - O. purpurea; accessed Jul 2017)

Grisons / Graubünden / Grigioni: "Graubünden (Unterengadin, Münstertal)" (Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea).

Valais / Wallis: "Vallesiâ" (Reuter, 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea coerulea); "Wallis" (Pusch & Günther, 2009: 29, sub O. purpurea); "Orobanche arenaria / Valais / Thomas // Guebhard Saris 1840" (P 04384527 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017 [the sheet contains five specimens, only the three specimens on the right-side of the sheet are P. arenaria (near their label), the other two are P. purpurea]).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea)

Black Sea Region / Karadeniz Bölgesi

Kastamonu Province / Kastamonu ili: "Anatoliâ boreali (wied!)" (Boissier, 1879: 495, Phelipaea caerulea); Ilgaz (photo 295828 by Hasan Yasayacak (hsn6a) in TrekNature; accessed Jul 2017).

Central Anatolia Region / Orta Anadolu Bölgesi

Ankara Province / Ankara ili: "A4 Ankara: Kizilcahamam, 1960, Fitz!" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Sivas Province / Sivas İli: "A6 Sivas: Yildizdağ, 2300 m, Sorger 76-8-79!" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Marmara Region / Marmara Bölgesi

Edirne Province / Edirne ili: "A2(E) Edirne: Bosnaköy, Stojanov & Urumov" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Istanbul Province: "A2(E) Istanbul: Saray N.W. of Istanbul, Stojanov & Urumov. A2(A) Istanbul: Çatal Da., nr Alem Da., 5 vi 1892, Azn.!" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Mediterranean Region / Akdeniz Bölgesi

Adana Province / Adana ili: "C5 Adana: Karakilisse to Guyuk Su (Göksu), 10 vii 1906, B. Post!" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Antalya Province / Antalya ili [unconfirmed]: "E. Bourgeau.- Plantae Lyciae 1860 / Phelypaea oxyloba Reut. (Boiss.) / Elmalu [Elmalı], in vineis / 11 junio (MPU - Bourgeau 1860; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2007 [the sheet contains two specimens that are a species different to P. oxyloba or P. purpurea); "C2 Antalya: nr Elmali. Bourgeau" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Kahramanmaraş / Kahramanmaraş ili / Maraş Province: "C6 Maraş: 10 km N. of Andirin, 900 m, Sorger 73-14-34!" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

Mersin Province / Mersin ili: "Orobanche purpurea (?) - Kumkuya, Mersin, Turkey - 20 September 2015" (photo zipcodezoo_11.jpg in Orobanche purpurea - ZipcodeZoo; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [the photo seems to correspond to P. nana]).

West Anatolia Region / Batı Anadolu Bölgesi

Konya Province / Konya ili: "B3 Konya: Sultan Da., 1000 m, Bornm. 1899:5416" (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

West Black Sea Region / Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi

Amasya Province / Amasya ili: "A5 Amasya: Ak Da., 800-1400 m, Bornm." (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

"N.W. Turkey, C. & S., Anatolia, Islands." (Gilli, 1982: 12, sub O. purpurea).

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Ukraine / Ucrania / Україна / Украи́н

Kherson Oblast / Херсонська область / Khersonshchyna / Херсонщина: Херсонськаго (MW 0514112 [the specimen seems to correspond to P. caesia]).

Kirovohrad Oblast / Кіровоградська область: 195890 // Orobanche coerulea / M.B. / Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis / 1827 / Elisabethgrad [Kropyvnytskyi / Кропивницький / Yelisavetgrad / Elisavetgrad / Elizabethgrad / Kirovohrad?] // Imperial Moscow ... / Босняки, общее систематическое собранiе [Bosniaks, a common systematic gathering?] / Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis / ... - "Восточная Европа, Южно-Украинский район (Украина) [Eastern Europe, South Ukraine region (Ukraine)]" (MW 0514117; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

Western Ukraine / Західна Україна [the location needs be confirmed]

"Восточная Европа, Западно-Украинский район (Украина) [Eastern Europe, Western Ukraine (Ukraine)]" (MW 0514121; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. alba]); idem (MW 0514116; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimen seems to correspond to P. arenaria]); idem (MW 0514115 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. cumana]); idem (MW 0514113; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [the specimen seems to correspond to P. arenaria]).

Krim / Crimea / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів: "Hab. Tauria (Pareysz in Herb. Caes. Vindob.) (Non vidi)" (Boissier, 1888: 357, loc. class. of P. pareysi); "Tauria! (herb. Vindob.)" (Beck, 1881: 310, loc. class. of O. pareysi; Beck, 190: 127, loc. class. of O. purpurea var. pareysi); "Russische Länder: In der Krim (Pareys in Herb. Wien!)" (Beck, 1930: 112, loc. class. of O. purpurea var. pareysi).

Feodosia City Municipality / Феодосійська міськрада/ Феодосийский горсовет: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / ... Вост. Крым. Карадаг [East. Crimea. Kara Dag]. / С.-З. склон Лобового хр. / 8.VI.1962. Курченко [Coll. Kurchenko] (MW 0626347; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018).

Sevastopol / Севастополь / Севастополь / Акъяр: "Крым, Байдарская долина. 26 мая 2010 г. [Crimea, Bajdarsky valley (Balaklava District / Балаклавський район). May 26, 2010]" (photo 74081 by Павел Евсеенков [Pavel Evseenkov], 2010; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук in Plantarium; accessed Feb 2012); "Крым, г. Севастополь (западная окраина), шоссе на мыс Херсонес (за Соленой бухтой) [the city of Sevastopol (western outskirts), the highway to Cape Chersonesus (behind Salt Bay)], юго-западный угол аэродрома, нарушенная степь на бровке приморского обрыва; на Artemisia. Atlas Florae Europaeae: 36TWQ2. Высота 10 м над ур. моря, 28.05.2011. Собр. А. Серегин [A. Seregin], № T-1475a." (MW 0626346; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2018 [P. nana s.l.]).

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