Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 27 May 2024


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Phelypaea coelestis Reut. in DC., Prod. 11: 5 (1847) ["Phelipaea"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche coelestis Boiss. & Reut. in Pinard, Pl. Exscc. (1843), nom. illeg. (Reuter 1847: 5, 37; Beck 1930: 93; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 54)

Orobanche coelestis Boiss. & Reut. ["in Pin. pl. exs. 1843"] ex Reut. in DC., Prod. 11: 5 [37] (1847), pro syn. [sec. (IK) view IPNI entry, accessed Sep 2007]

Orobanche coelestis Boiss. & Reut. ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 114 (1890) (w3Tropicos, accessed Sep 2007)

Orobanche coelestis (Reut.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 114 (1890) (Greuter & al. 1989: 258; nom. val.(!) sec. ICBN - St. Louis Code, Art. 34)

Kopsia coelestis (Reut.) Bég. & A. Vacc. in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 13: 29 (1915)

Orobanche coelestis f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 114[-115], t. 2 f. 21(1) (1890) ["Formae ... 1. typica = Orobanche coelestis Boissier & Reuter"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24, Vienna Code) [poor quality illustration (calyx teeth seem too long)]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Phelypea syspirensis K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 662 (1849) ["P. Syspirensis C. Koch Linn. XXIII ... Armeniâ (Koch)"] (Beck 1930: 94, "p.p."; Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 55[50]; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 9; Gilli 1982: 10, "p.p."). Syn.: Orobanche syspirensis (K. Koch) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 85 (1930), nom. illeg. [pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)]; Orobanche syspirensis (K. Koch) Tzvelev [in sched. (ERE)]; # Orobanche coelestis f. persica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 115 (1890) (Beck 1890: 115, "vidi orig. in Herb. Berol."; Beck 1930: 94, "p.p.; vidi orig. in Herb. Berol."); Orobanche persica (Beck) Beck ex Novopokr. in Grossh., Opred. Rast. Kavk.: 354 (1949); ? = Orobanche serratocalyx Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 104[-105], t. 1 f. 15 (1890) (Beck 1930: 94, "ex parte sec. spec. orig. herbarii Berlin! ... als O. syspirensis in Herb. Berlin!"); – Orobanche coelestis sensu Novopokr. & Tzvelev in Kom., Flora SSSR 23: 54[-55] (1958). Ind. loc: [Turkey / Türkiye, Erzurum (Turkish Armenia):] "Im Tschabantzthale des Gaues Sber [İspir / Speri / Sper], c. 5500' hoch." (Koch 1849: 662); "in valle Tschabantz [Tschabantz-Dereh / Çabantsdere] prope Sber [İspir] (f. 2 leg. C. Koch)" (Beck 1890: 115); "[Turkey / Türkiye:] A8 Erzurum: Tschabanz (Çapans [Başçeşme, near İspir]) valley, 2 viii 1843, C. Koch" (Gilli 1982: 10, sub O. coelestis [incl. f. persica]). Obs. Status incertain. However, from our point of view, it is morphologically very different to P. coelestis s. str.

? = Orobanche syspirensis (K. Koch) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 85 (1930). Syn.: Phelypea syspirensis K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 662 (1849)

? = Orobanche ehrenbergii Solms ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 94 (1930) ["O. Ehrenbergii Solms daselbst"], nom. nud. Syn.: = Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972) (Beck 1930: 94). Ind. loc.: "Syrien: Bei Haddet (Ehrenberg in Herb. Berlin = O. Ehrenbergii Solms daselbst)". Obs. Status incertain. However, from our point of view, it is morphologically very different to P. coelestis s. str.

Orobanche sogdiana Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 306 (1950) (Schlauer & al. 2012). Syn.: Phelipanche sogdiana (Novopokr.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) [see P. libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják]

Phelipanche sogdiana (Novopokr.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) (Schlauer & al. 2012). Syn.: Orobanche sogdiana Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 306 (1950) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 67). Ind. loc.: "Described from Hissar Mountains [Gissar ridge, Tajikistan-Uzbekistan]. Type in Leningrad [LE]". Ic.: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 67, 51 t. 4 f. 6. Obs. Parasitic on Amygdalus bucharica Korsh. (Rosaceae) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 67). Distribution: "Soviet Central Asia: Pamiro-Alai. Endemic" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 67). Obs. Status incertain. However, from our point of view, it is morphologically very different to P. coelestis s. str. [see P. libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják]

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Orobanche persica subsp. sogdiana (Novopokr.) Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Herb. Bot. Inst. AN. SSSR. 13: 306 (1950) (Schlauer & al. 2012). Syn.: Phelipanche sogdiana (Novopokr.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) [see P. libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják]

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Ind. loc.: Turkey: "In cacumine montis Sypili [Mount Sipylus (Mount Spil, Manisa, Manisa-Salihli ancient capital of Lydia, Manisa Province)] in radicibus..... (Boissier!), in Cariâ [Caria (SW Turkey)] (Pinard!)" (Reuter 1847: 5).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: G 00147181 [herb. Prodr. (G-DC)]: «A) "M [H?] Boissier 1844 // Orobanche coelestis B. & Reut.! / Caria 1843  C. Pinard"; B) "Phelipaea celestis Reut. / Orobanche celestis Boss. & Reut."». Declaramos lectótipo al ejemplar más grande de los dos del pliego [The G-DC sheet contains two specimens and we have designated as lectotype to the largest one].".

Designated by: Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 44 (2008 [17 Jul 2008]).

Host: host-plant unknown.

Lamiaceae / Labiatae [?], Micromeria cristata (Hampe) Griseb.; Phlomis sp. [?] were mentioned by (Beck 1890: 115, "...Haussknecht ... Phlomidis..."; Bornmüller 1904: 677; Beck 1930: 94, sub O. coelestis; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009). "Known with certainty only as parasitic on Rubiaceae and Caryophyllaceae species, e.g., Asperula glomerata (M. Bieb.) Griseb., as well as Silene iberica M. Bieb., S. spergulifolia (Willd.) M. Bieb. Need confirmation: Galium verum L. and S. noctiflora L. [syn. Elisanthe noctiflora (L.) Rupr.] (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 48[45], sub O. pulchella) and the hosts mentioned by Beck (1930: 94, sub O. coelestis)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 28, sub P. coelestis). The host plant needs to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: "Typus: Caria, Pinard, W!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 9).

Morphological observations: "corollâ porrecta ... Scapus 4-5-pollicaris [10-12.5 cm]" (Reuter 1847: 5); "Caulis semper simplex ... Corollae lobi obtusissimi" (Boissier 1879: 495-496, sub Phelipaea caelestis Reut.).

Morphological and taxonomic observations: O. coelestis, according to Beck 1930, is a heterogeneous mixture [!] of different species that have little to do with each other; e.g., sec. Beck 1930: 93-94; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 9-10; Flora of China and Flora of Pakistan (accessed Oct 2008) this species is conspecific with Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Soják ["Gruppe der Trichocalyces (O. Schultzii, stricta, trichocalyx)" (sensu Beck 1890: 117)]. However, from our point of view, P. coelestis is morphologically very different to Phelipanche heldreichii and to the "Gruppe der Trichocalyces". It is relatively morphologically similar to P. cilicica, P. nowackiana (P. rechingeri), P. pulchella (P. bungeana) [incl. O. longiflora sensu Rchb. (1829), non Pers. (1806); Phelypaea longiflora sensu C.A. Mey. (1831), non Pers. (1806)] and P. tzvelevii.

Chromosomatic number: n: 12, 2n: 24 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004: 441, 443 f. 2 "(I) coelestis, 2n = 24 (diakinesis)").

Ic.: a, G 00147181 (herb. Prodr. (G-DC)]: A) «M Boissier 1844 / Orobanche coelestis B. & Reut.! / Caria 1843  C. Pinard» (lectotype); b, specimens (ib.); c, G 00074291 - Pinard 1843 (ib.; isolectotype); d, specimens (ib.); e, MA 742261 (Aragat mountain, Aragatsotn province, Armenia); f, G 00147181 (Caria; lectotype) vs. MA 742261 (Aragat); g, flowers of the types of Phelipanche sp. (P. pulchella vs. coelestis vs. nowackiana vs. tzvelevii); h, Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 27, f. 14, sub P. coelestis.

Distribution: Armenia, Georgia [in error for P. pulchella], Greece [in error fo P. nowackiana], Iran and Turkey.

Its distribution is not well known, because it has frequently been confused with other species (e.g., Phelipanche heldreichii [Asia, on Eryngium sp.]; Phelipanche pulchella [Asia (Imeritia, leg. Szovits)]; P. portoilicitana [N Africa, Bengashi, on Centaurea sp.]).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения [former Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic [Armenian SSR] / Социалистическая Советская Республика Армения] (Caucasus / Cáucaso) (Boissier 1879: 496, sub Phelipaea caelestis Reut.; Beck 1930: 94, only O. coelestis f. typica; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29, sub P. coelestis)

Aragatsotn Province / Арагацотнская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29, sub P. coelestis): "Iter Armeniacum (VI-VII-2005) / Orobanche / Armenia, prov. Aragatsotn, monte Aragat [Aragat mountain, Lesser Caucasus] / Ghazaravan, / carretera de subida al lago Kari, 40°23'00.0"N 44°15'38.0"E 40.383333, 44.260556, / 2080 m, 30-jun-2005, pastos por encima del limite del / robledal, Medina & al. 2597. / Plantae Armeniae, anno 2005 ... )" (MA 742261; det. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2007).

Gegharkunik Province / Гегаркуникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29, sub P. coelestis)

Syunik Province / Сюникская область [Syunik / Siunik / Siwnik] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29, sub P. coelestis)

Vayots' Dzor Province / Вайоцдзорская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29, sub P. coelestis)

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия [former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic [Georgian SSR] / Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Грузинская ССР]] (Caucasus / Cáucaso) [unconfirmed] (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelypaea pulchella C.A. Mey.; Boissier 1879: 497, sub P. pulchella)

Imeretiya / Imereti / Имеретия [unconfirmed]: "f. 1—3 Szovits in itinere suo persico, quorum plantae in herb. Petrop. conservantur" (Beck 1890: 115, sub Orobanche coelestis f. typica); "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani / Phelipaea coelestis Reut. / Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti]"] / Szovits [Szovits O.J.] (P 02968079 [Reçu le 16 Avril 1880]; rev. as Phelipanche pulchella by Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 30 Nov 2011 (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelypaea pulchella C.A. Mey.)); "Imeritiâ (Eichw.)" (Boissier 1879: 497, sub P. pulchella).

Mtskheta-Mtianeti / Мцхета-Мтианети [unconfirmed]: "Central Caucasus Chain (Khazbegi Region [Qazbegi / Kazbegi])" (photo, sub P. pulchella, in "Mountain Biodiversity in the Caucasus and its Functional Significance" - Ilia State University, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2015, sub P. coelestis (Reut.) Soják [cf.]).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas [unconfirmed] (Rechinger 1944: 489, sub O. coelestis [see P. nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják])

South Aegean / Περιφέρεια Νοτίου Αιγαίου

Karpathos / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Καρπάθου

Kasos / Κάσος / Casos: "S: Kasos: Felder bei Argos (FM. 901 — als O. Heldreichii).1 [Bezeichnet von Beck revidierte Exemplare.]" (Rechinger 1944: 489, sub O. coelestis [see P. nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják]).

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Iran / Irán / Иран / 伊朗 [Persia / Persien] (Beck 1890: 115, sub O. coelestis f. typica; Bornmüller 1904: 677, sub O. caelestis f. typica)

Eşfahān / Esfahan / Isfahan: "Persia: ... in monte Taktak [Kūh-e Tak Tak / Kuh-e Taktak, 32°20'23.0"N 51°41'10.0"E - 32.339722, 51.686111, near Mobarakeh, Eşfahān / Esfahan / Isfahan] (f. 1 leg. Haussknecht)" (Beck 1890: 115, sub Orobanche coelestis f. typica); "Persia media: inter Kum [Kaschan] et Sultanabad prope pagum Dschekab, VII. 1903 (leg. Th. Strauss)." (Bornmüller 1904: 677, sub O. caelestis f. typica).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía / Türkei / Турция (Boissier 1879: 496, sub Phelipaea caelestis Reut.; Beck 1890: 115, f. typica; Bornmüller 1904: 677, sub O. caelestis f. typica; Beck 1930: 94, only O. coelestis f. typica).

Aegean Region / Ege Bölgesi

Caria (SW Turkey): «A) "M Boissier 1844 / Orobanche coelestis B. & Reut.! / Caria 1843  C. Pinard"; B) "Phelipaea celestis Reut. / Orobanche celestis Boss. & Reut."» (G 00147181 [herb. Prodr. G-DC]; lectotypus of P. coelestis); idem (G 00074291, isolectotypi of P. coelestis); idem (K 000061354, isolectotypi of P. coelestis); idem (K 000061355, isolectotypi of P. coelestis); idem (Boissier: 1879: 496, sub P. celestis Reut.); idem (Carlón & al., 2008: 44, lectotypus of P. coelestis).

Central East Anatolia Region / Ortadoğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Van Province / Van ili: "Between Beşparmak village and Köseveli Hill, steppe, 2400 m, 17 vii 1997, 1650. Hk." (Ünal & Behçet 2007: 216, sub O. coelestis).

East Black Sea Region Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi [unconfirmed]

Artvin Province / Artvin ili: "Ph. cf. coelestis (Reut.) Soják - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209332: Turkey, NE Anatolia, at the road between Ardanuç und Yalnizçam, close to Boyati, 800-1000 m, GS [Schneeweiss] & CJ (WU: S&T 7767)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 66, sub P. coelestis).

Gümüşhane Province / Gümüşhane ili: "in collibus ad Gumuschkhané Armeniae [Turcica] (Bourg!)" (Boissier 1879: 496, sub Phelipaea caelestis Reut.).

Eastern Anatolia Region / Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi [unconfirmed, see P. heldreichii (Reut.) Soják]

Erzurum Province / Erzurum ili: "Im Tschabantzthale des Gaues Sber [İspir / Speri / Sper], c. 5500' hoch." (Koch 1849: 662; loc. class. of P. syspirensis); "in valle Tschabantz [Tschabantz-Dereh / Çabantsdere] prope Sber [İspir] (f. 2 [f. persica] leg. C. Koch)" (Beck 1890: 115); "A8 Erzurum: Tschabanz (Çapans [Başçeşme, near İspir]) valley, 2 viii 1843, C. Koch" (Gilli 1982: 10, sub O. coelestis [incl. f. persica]); "https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209329: Turkey, NE Anatolia, between Bayburt and Erzurum, 6-7 km WNW of Askale, 1700-1800 m, on Eryngium campestre (Apiaceae), GS [G. Schneeweiss] & CJ [Chang-Gee Jang] (WU: S&T. 7769)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 66, sub P. coelestis [see P. heldreichii (Reut.) Soják]).

Tunceli Province / Tunceli ili (formerly Dersim Province / Paręzgeha Dęrsim): "Pülümür [39°31'37.8"N 39°53'37.4"E 39.527178, 39.893714, near Dağyolu (Pülümür District)], 23 Jun 2023 / next to Helichyrsum sp" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/172468676 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/m_gokmen [Mustafa Gökmen], sub P. arenaria, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2024, sub P. coelestis cf.).

West Black Sea Region Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi [unconfirmed]

Amasya Province / Amasya ili: "Anatolia orient., prov. Pontus: in fissuris rupium montis Lokman supra Amasia, ad Micromeriam cristatam Griseb. [Micromeria cristata (Hampe) Griseb. (Lamiaceae / Labiatae)] parasitica, 5-600 m.s.m.; 15.5.1890 (Bornm., pl. exsicc. Anatol. or., n. 2437, forma calycis dentibiis copiose pilosis). In monte Abadschi-dagh ditionis oppidi Amasia, 1400 m.s.m., in radicibus Centaurea canae S. S. [C. cana Sm. = Cyanus triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Štěpánek (Asteraceae)] [?]; 11.V.1890 (Bornm., pl. exsicc. Anatoliae or., n. 2887, f. laciniis denticulatis copiose pilosis)" (Bornmüller 1904: 677, sub O. caelestis f. typica); "A5 Amasya: Abaci Da., 1400 m, Bornm." (Gilli 1982: 10, sub O. coelestis).

Tokat Province / Tokat ili [unconfirmed:] "prope Tokat (leg. Dr. Wiedermann in herb. Petrop.)" (Beck 1890: 115, f. typica); "In meiner Abhandlung über die Orobanchen Vorderasiens. (l.c. p. 676) ist bei den Angaben über die Verbreitung dieser Art zu ergänzen „Pontus (Tokat"), daselbst von Wiedemann (sec. Beck) gefunden. — Wie bereits der Monograph hervorhebt, steht diese Varietät von O. coelestis Boiss. et Reut. der ebenfalls bei Sultanabad [Arak / Arāk (formerly Solţānābād / Sultānābād)] is a city in and the capital of Markazi Province, Iran] vorkommenden O. Aegyptiaea β) tricholoba (Reut.) ungemein nahe. Das vorliegende Exemplar, obwohl der Diagnose entsprechend, ist von der von G. v. Beck als tricholoba bestimmten Pflanze kaum verschieden." (Bornmüller 1907: 116, sub O. coelestis Boiss. et Reut.).

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Piwowarczyk, R., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó., Moreno Moral, G., Fayvush, G., Zakaryan N., Kartashyan N. & Aleksanyan, A. 2019 [3 Jan 2019]. Holoparasitic Orobanchaceae (Cistanche, Diphelypaea, Orobanche, Phelipanche) in Armenia: distribution, habitats, host range and taxonomic problems. Phytotaxa 386(1): 001-106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.386.1.1.

Rechinger, K.H. 1944. Flora Aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres. Akad. Wiss. Wien Sitzungsber., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Abt. 1. 105(1): 1-924. URL: https://www.zobodat.at/pdf/DAKW_105_1_0001-0924.pdf.

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Roskov, Y., Kunze, T., Orrell, T., Abucay, L., Paglinawan, L., Culham, A., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., Baillargeon, G., Decock, W., De Wever, A. & Didžiulis, V. (ed.) 2014. Phelipanche sogdiana in "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Läst 26 May 2014.

Schiman-Czeika, H. 1964 [15 Jul 1964]. Orobanchaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.). Flora Iranica (Flora des iranischen Hochlandes und der umrahmenden Gebirge: Persien, Afghanistan, Teile von West-Pakistan, Nord-Iraq, Azerbaidjan, Turkmenistan). Graz-Austria. N.ş 5: Orobanchaceae 25 pp., 8 tab.

Schlauer J., Meijer, W. & Hansen, B. (last update, 5 March 2012). Parasitic Plants Database. Rick Walker, Palo Alto, CA - "walker AT omnisterra.com" (accessed Jun 2015).

Schneeweiss, G.M., Palomeque, T., Colwell, A.E. & Weiss-Schneeweiss, H. 2004. Chromosome numbers and karyotype evolution in holoparasitic Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) and related genera. American Journal of Botany 91: 439-448. [Abstract / Download - pdf] (accessed Sep 2007).

Soják, J. 1972. Nomenklatorické Poznámky (Phanerogamae). Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 140: 127-134.

Ünal, M. & Behçet, L. 2007. Turk. J. Bot 31(3): 193-223. 31 p. 6 Charts, 1 Map.

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