Accepted Name - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 2 August 2023


Accepted Name:

Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) [25 Nov 1847 (https://www.ipni.org/n/662567-1)]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche minor var. palaestina (Reut.) Pau ex Cuatrecasas in Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 429 (1929), non Orobanche minor var. palaestina sensu Cuatrecasas in Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 429 (1929) [see Orobanche ballotae A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 29 t. 1. 1997]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Greuter & al. 1989: 259; Boulos 2002: 94; http://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:662568-1). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995)

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? = Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995) (Boulos 2002: 93). Syn.: Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov 1847])

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Misapplied names:

? Orobanche palaestina sensu Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 506 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]) ["Palestina (Reut D.C. Prodr. XI, p. 718)"], p.p., non Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) (Beck 1930: 216; Post 1933: 315). Syn.: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797); = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Greuter & al. 1989: 264; https://ipni.org/n/662391-1). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Palestinâ circa Sichem et Banias (Boiss!), Hierosolymae [Jerusalem] (Roth exs. 494!), ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş] Syriae (Haussk!)". Obs. cf. Boissier (1884: 504, "Stigma luteum vel flavidum", 506 "spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente", G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1)

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Ind. loc.: "In Palaestinâ prope Naplouse [Nablus / Sichen / Shechem / Škem / Νeapolis, Nablus Governorate, West Bank / Cisjordan] et circa Banias [Banias / Paneas, next to Mount Hermon, Golan Heights] (Boissier!)".

Typus / Type: "Type (lectotype designated here):—"circa Banias, Palaestina", Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier (barcode G00150143, the right plant, photo! http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=184427&base=img)" (Domina & al. 2022: 92).

Syntypes: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3).

Designated by: Domina & al. in. Phytotaxa 531 (2): 92 (2022).

Host:

Apiaceae Lindl. (= Umbelliferae Juss.) [unconfirmed]

Eryngium maritimum L. Turkey (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina).

Asteraceae Bercht. & J. Presl (= Compositae Giseke)

Lophiolepis phyllocephala (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Bureš, Del Guacchio, Iamonico & P.Caputo [≡ Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & C.I. Blanche]. Israel (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1).

Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass. [≡ Carduus syriacus L.]. Israel (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1).

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. [≡ Carduus marianus L. ]. Israel (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina).

"Annual leguminosae, Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass. [≡ Carduus syriacus L.], Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & C.I. Blanche [≡ Lophiolepis phyllocephala (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Bureš, Del Guacchio, Iamonico & P.Caputo]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1).

"Annual leguminosae, Notobasis syriaca Cass. [≡ Carduus syriacus L.], Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. [≡ Lophiolepis phyllocephala (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Bureš, Del Guacchio, Iamonico & P.Caputo], Eryngium maritimum L. [?, Umbelliferae]" (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina). The host-plants need to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: "The species is closely related to [O. ballotae,] O. minor and O. grisebachii and they are all placed in O. minoris group" (Zare & al. 2009: 150). Although, from our point of view, the taxonomic relationship among these species is still open to debate and needs to be better explored in order to improve our scientific knowledge of this taxa.

Morphological observations: "Stigma luteum vel flavidum ... spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente ... flores eis O. minoris submajores" (Boissier 1884: 504, 506, sub O. Palaestina); "Stigma yellow ... Bract ... longer than corolla; ... corolla whitish" (Post 1896: 604); "stigmate luteo (?)" (Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Corolla 15-17 mm ... cream-coloured with a violet-tinged limb" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 214); white stigma? (flowers in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Oct 2008). Orobanche grisebachii: yelow or purple stigma, on Leguminosae / Orobanche palaestina: white stigma, on Asteraceae.

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, type: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4); b, type: "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3); c, "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina / Ed. Boissier" (G 00192020 - n° SIB 188175/1); d, Beck 1890: t. 4 f. 82x; e, inflorescence [parasitizing Silybum marianum, Lower Galilee] in Flora of Israel Online (accessed Oct 2008); f, Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: t. 364.

Distribution: Israel, Jordan [unconfirmed], Lebanon, Palestine, Spain [in error for O. ballotae], Syria, Turkey.

"Rare. Turkey, Syria, Israel and Palestine (Figure 3)." (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Israel and Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palaestina] (Reuter 1847: 718, sub O. Palaestina; Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina; Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina; Post 1896: 604, sub O. palaestina; Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina; Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina; Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 214-215; Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2; Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina)

"Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina / Ed. Boissier" (G 00192020 - n° SIB 188175/1 - https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=185649, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Donné par Mr. Boissier 1855 / Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02968128 - P 02968128.jpg - Boiss - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/4/P02968128.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437278576 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/CC78E5380F1549029FC39126AB6887FE, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02968682 - P 02968682.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438438821 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A23CE32F8BC14B85A503D985CDC86441, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier // Herb. Hookerianum 1867" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000061372 - K 000061372 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/665219.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/925146841, terra class. of O. palaestina); 1. "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . april mai 1846 / Ed. Boissier // reca en 1851". – 2. "Herbier de Candolle / Donnée en 1921..." (G00192013 - n° SIB 186980/2 - https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=184415); "Sharon Plain, Philistean Plain [Joppa to Gaza]; Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Samaria, Judean Mts. [Judaean Hills / Hebron Hills]; Dan Valley [Hula Valley]; Golan, Moav [Moab]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "on Physocaulos nod. [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] and Anthriscus [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.]. Leb. [Lebanon] Beirut (Bn. 12235); No. Mar'sch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş, Turkey], N. of Kasab [Syria], Aintab [Gaziantep / Ayntab / Antep, Turkey]; Pal. [Palestine / Palaestina] Nazareth to Tiberias (PH), Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo), Moab (Tr)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Upper and Lower Galilee, the Golan Heights, Mount Carmel, Samaria, and the Judean mountains [Judaean Hills / Hebron Hills]" (Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2).

Central District: "Sharon Plain" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "Corola covers with curly hair, Few flowers on eacs Inflorescence | Hashfela, Beyt Gimal | Photo by Yonatan Roness 19.04.2020; Hashfela, Beyt Gimal | Photo by Yonatan Roness 19.04.2020" (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina, [white stigma!]).

Haifa District: "Mt. Carmel" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "Mount Carmel" (Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2); "bracts much longer than corolla | Lower Galilee, E of Rehasim [Rekhasim] | Photo by Bar Shemesh 6.4.2016; many flowered spiek | Lower Galilee, Rehasim [Rekhasim] | Photo by Bar Shemesh 6.4.201" (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina, [white stigma!]); "[32°45'30.4"N 35°02'43.4"E 32.758444, 35.045389, Nesher, Apr 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/77493991 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4126828881 by Yael Orgad in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!]); "[32°41'31.7"N 35°00'40.0"E 32.692143, 35.011114, Ezor Zihron Ya'akov, Daliyat al-Karmel / Daliyat el-Carmell], Apr 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/115318588 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3772877933 by Yael Orgad in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!]); "[32°36'40.8"N 34°56'58.6"E 32.611345, 34.949614, Hof HaCarmel, Fureidis], Apr 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/112679791 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/shani010 in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!]); "[32°44'30.0"N 35°07'37.9"E 32.741658, 35.127188, Sha'ar ha-Amakim Reserve, Rekhasim], May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/159383326 by Nitzan Caspi in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!]).

Jerusalem District: "Hierosolymae [Jerusalem] (Roth exs. 494!)" (Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina [according to Beck 1890: 247 et Beck 1930: 202 it corresponds to O. picridis]); "Jerusalem (D)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "ירושלים [Jerusalem, 31°49'00.2"N 35°13'01.4"E 31.816715, 35.217050], 15 Apr 2010" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/153786511 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4080636983 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!, on Lophiolepis phyllocephala ?, very illustrative images]).

North District (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215)

Emek HaMaayanot Regional Council / Valley of the Springs Regional Council [formely Beit She'an Valley Regional Council]: "[32°24'08.8"N 35°33'17.4"E 32.402433, 35.554835, Tirat Zvi, Emek HaMayanot], Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/153573377 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4080657759 by Nevo reichmann in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!, on Notobasis syriaca?]).

Lower Galilee: "Nº 217 / Tiberias / 2.6.20 / Orobanche palaestina / Reut. / Collectors: Jos. Carmin / and N. Sitzer" (US 1029741 - http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/m3affc3b3a-8c8e-4982-a8eb-a34f49a7ade3 - https://smithsonian-open-access.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/media/nmnh/NMNH-03927146.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2625887108; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [O. crenata]); "Upper and Lower Galilee" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); Lower Galilee / Date Picture Taken: 01.05.06 07:11:15 by Danny Joel (inflorescence [parasitizing Silybum marianum, Lower Galilee] (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina, [white stigma?]); "near Shimshit in the Jezreel Valley" (Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1, "Orobanche palaestina Reut. parasitizing thistle (Notobasis syriaca L.) in its native habitat in the Jezreel Valley, Israel"); "[32°47'14.1"N 35°10'25.2"E 32.787237, 35.173676, Adi], May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/159168741 by Nitzan Caspi in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!]); "[32°38'37.9"N 35°11'38.5"E 32.643866, 35.194032, Kfar Baruch], Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/154389966 by Tal Kokhin iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

Upper Galilee: "Upper and Lower Galilee" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "מקום הצילום: הגליל העליון, ליד משגב-עם / 08/04/10 [Upper Galilee, near Misgav]" (flowers in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Dec 2013 [white stigma?]); Merom HaGalil Regional Council [32°58'21.9"N 35°26'57.0"E 32.972750, 35.449167, near Meron] 21 Apr 2017 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21668753 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3117783317 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021 [on Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. ?]); "HaZafon, IL [32°58'17.1"N 35°17'39.8"E, near Kisra-Sumei]", 27 Mar 2019 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21668699 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021); "HaZafon [32°54'54.3"N 35°26'53.3"E 32.915094, 35.448129, Merom HaGalil Regional Council], Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/153476579 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4076061876 by Mitch Van Dyke in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [white stigma!]).

Southern District: "Philistean Plain [ Joppa to Gaza]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215).

West Bank / Cisjordan [Judea and Samaria Area]

Jericho Governorate: "Plantae Palestinae / Maris Mortui / Orobanche speciosa DC. / In hortis / Jericho / 250 m / 17 mar. 1903 / Nº 536 / let. et determ. J.E. Dinsmore / The americam colony, Jerusalem" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817594 - L 2817594.jpg - https://www.europeana.eu/es/item/11651/_Botany_L_2817594; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [O. palaestina on Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & Blanche ?]).

Nablus Governorate: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse [Nablus / Sichen / Shechem / Škem / Νeapolis]" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4 - https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=184428, type of O. palaestina); "In Palaestinâ prope Naplouse ... (Boissier!)" (Reuter 1847: 718, loc. class. of O. palaestina); "Palaestina: prope Naplouse et circa Banias (Leg. Boissier), no vidi" (Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina); "Shechem" (Post 1896: 604, sub O. palaestina); "Palaestina: bei Naplouse und Banias (O. palaestina Boiss.!)" (Beck 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii); "Palästina: bei Naplouse und Banias (Boissier; nicht gesehen)" (Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Samaria" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215).

Shomron Regional Council: "Har Bracha [Har Brakha, 32°11'34.2"N 35°15'26.6"E 32.192825, 35.257375, near Nablus], 8 May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/162004412 by Yehuda Sar Shalom in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [fantastic and very illustrative images]).

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Jordan / اَلأُرْدُنّ / Al-'Urdunn / Jordanie / Jordania / Jordanien [unconfirmed] (Heller & Heyn 1987)

O. palaestina, "near Taybiah [Taybeh?, West Bank, near Jerusalem]" (Musselman 2007 [these photos do not seem to correspond to O. palaestina]); "Previously unreported hosts for both genera include: Amygdalus communis, Olea europaea, and Quercus coccifera, which were parasitized by Orobanche palaestina [very doubtful host-plants]" (Qasem 2009).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban

Beirut Governorate: Leb. [Lebanon] Beirut (Bn. 12235)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

Mount Lebanon Governorate: Aatchane [33°54'44.5"N 35°39'02.1"E], Lebanon (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78952657 by Ramy Maalouf in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021 [O. palaestina on Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & Blanche ?]); "Matn [33°55'00.6"N 35°38'46.2"E 33.916835, 35.646168, Cornet Chahwan (Matn District / Metn)], 4 May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/160071599 by Ramy Maalouf in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien [in error for O. ballotae]

Jaén (J): "Campanario, vert. S., 1200 m, 3-VII-25" (Cuatrecasas 1929: 429, sub O. minor var. palestina (Reut.) Pau (Pujadas & al. 2007: 121, this record seems to correspond to O. ballotae)).

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien (Reuter 1847: 718, sub O. Palaestina; 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina; Beck 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii; Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina; Zare & al. 2009: 150)

Golan Heights / Syrian Golan

"Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3 - https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=184427, lectotype of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Rascheya [Mt HermonBanias  Naplouse" (G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1 - https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=184413); "circa Banias [Banias / Paneas, next to Mount Hermon, Golan Heights] (Boissier!)" (Reuter 1847: 718, loc. class. of O. palaestina); "Palaestina: prope Naplouse et circa Banias (Leg. Boissier), no vidi; in valle flum. Jordan [Jordan Valley] (leg. Tschichatscheff), herb. Petrop.!" (Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina); "Banias" (Post 1896: 604, sub O. palaestina); "Palaestina: bei Naplouse und Banias (O. palaestina Boiss.!)" (Beck 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii); "Palästina: bei Naplouse und Banias (Boissier; nicht gesehen); im Tale des Jordan-Flusses [Jordan Valley] (Tschichatscheff in Herb. Petersburg!)" (Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Golan, Moav" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); Golan Heights, 32°55'00.2"N 35°41'52.1"E, 5 Apr 2019 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/22013704 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2236214213 by giladg in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021); "[Golan Heights, 33°13'19.8"N 35°41'39.2"E 33.222153, 35.694234], May 23" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/162452291 by Ori Fragman-Sapir in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía (Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina; Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina)

Central Anatolia Region / Orta Anadolu Bölgesi

Nevşehir Province / Nevşehir ili: "Ürgüp/Nevşehir [38°36'39.9"N 34°51'29.2"E 38.611070, 34.858106, Ortahisar], 30 May 2014" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/46044067 by Nilüfer Orhan, sub O. minor, in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [the photo seems to correspond to O. palaestina Reut., white stigma]).

Mediterranean Region / Akdeniz Bölgesi

Hatay Province: "Antakya [C5]: Samandağ 3 km from Çevlik to Keldağ, on seashore, 36º 05’ 571’’ N 035º 56’ 371’’ E, 0 m, 26. vii. 2009, A. A. Dönmez 15970 [Hacettepe University (HUB)]", on Eryngium maritimum L." (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina [photography, habitat, host plant and stigma color do not agree with O. palaestina]).

Kahramanmaraş Province [unconfirmed]: Turquie / leg. C. Pinard (G00192014 - n° SIB 186984/1 - https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=184418 [n.v.]; "ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş] Syriae (Haussk!)" (Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina); "Marasch" (Post 1896: 604); "on Physocaulos nod. [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] and Anthriscus [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] ... No. Mar'sch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş], N. of Kasab [Syria], Aintab [Gaziantep / Ayntab / Antep]" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

Southeastern Anatolia Region / Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Siirt Province / Siirt ili: "Sıçan Deresi [37°47'23.7"N 42°13'16.6"E 37.789917, 42.221278, Çayırlı, Bilgili-Eruh], 1 May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/161033686 by Murat Kurtel, sub O. minor, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023 [the photos seem to correspond to O. palaestina Reut., the spine leaves of the host-plant behind it]).

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References.

Beck, G. 1890. Monographie der Gattung Orobanche. Biblioth. Bot. 19. Theodor Fischer. Kassel.

Beck, G. 1930. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae. In Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig [pp. 1-348].

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