Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 7 September 2023


Accepted Name:

Orobanche mauretanica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 233[-234] (1890)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 149 (1904)

Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. genuina J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150 (1904) ["α. 2 — genuina = O. mauretanica Beck"], nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. genuina (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche reverchoni (Lange ex Willk.) T. Durand & B.D. Jacks, Index Kew. Suppl. 1: 305 (1901-1906) ["Reverchoni, Lange ex Willk. Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hisp. (1893) 187 = O. mauritanica, G. Beck"], pro syn. (Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. reverchoni Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 187 (1893) (Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica)

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= Orobanche mauretanica var. reverchoni Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 187 (1893) ["Var. reverchoni Lge. in sched. pro spec. propr."] (Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica). Syn.: Orobanche reverchoni (Lange ex Willk.) T. Durand & B.D. Jacks, Index Kew. Suppl. 1: 305 (1901-1906), pro syn. Ind. loc.: Spain: "In prov. Malac. (pr. Cartagena [Murcia] sup. Genistas rara, Reverch.! d. 16 Jun. 1888"

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= Orobanche mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[159, t. 14] (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... α. (O.) mauretanica Beck ... α.4 O. xeroxantha Guim., nov. subvar."] [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. xeroxantha (J.A. Guim.) Coutinho, Fl. Portug.: 569 (1913); Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. xeroxantha (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Alemtejo littoral: — Ilha do Pecegueiro (Daveau!) / Algarve: — Entre Portimão e Lagos, na valeta da estrada.". Ic.:  Guimarães 1904: t. 14 ["Estampa. XIV, A. Guimarães!"]. Obs. see Orobanche calendulae Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 110 (1874)

= Orobanche mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[158] (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... α. (O.) mauretanica Beck ... α.3 O. pseudopogonia Guim., nov. subvar."] [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. pseudopogonia (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930) [p.p.]. Ind. loc.: [Portugal:] "Algarve:— Faro: campos incultos arenosos [juncto das Leguminosas, da Tolpis barbata Gärtn., etc. (sub nomine O. barbata Poiret), E . Bourgeau! exsicc. n.° 2011]". Obs. see Orobanche calendulae Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 110 (1874). Herbarium specimens: "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d’Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2011 Orobanche barbata, Poir (Coss.) / Champs incultes sablonneux à Faro, Algarve. / Parasite sur les Légumineuuses et le Tolpis barbata, etc. / 17 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384499 - P 04384499.jpg - hb. Bourgeau - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/1/P04384499.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464692500 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BB083521EEFC4E16A66407AB8479595E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [the sheet contains a mix of more than one species, but only one of them (the right-hand) seems to correspond to O. calendulae and the specimen on the left side of the sheet seems to correspond to O. mauretanica]); "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d’Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2011 Orobanche barbata, Poir (Coss.) / Champs incultes sablonneux à Faro, Algarve. / Parasite sur les Légumineuuses et le Tolpis barbata, etc. / 17 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04385329 - P 04385329.jpg - hb. Bourgeau - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841103 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/166601EC14A1438DB7EDAA8558FEF2DA; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [the sheet contains a mix of more than one species, the three right specimens seem to correspond to O. castellana and the specimen on the left side of the sheet seems to correspond to O. mauretanica]); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410484 - P 04410484.jpg - hb. L. Giraudias - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009733 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6A5B9CA9F69347A392E31CF90BE40D3C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, the largest specimen is apparently O. mauretanica)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia subvar. pyrroleuca J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 153 (1904). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia f. pyrroleuca (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 191 (1930). Ind. loc.: [Portugal:] "γ. 4— (O.) pyrroleuca Guim. Centro littoral:—Arredores de Lisboa [Lisbon / Lisboa]: prox. do cemi terio de Bemfica [Benfica], casal do Lumiar (parásita do Convolvulus tricolor L., J. Daveau!), Ponte Nova (parásita do mesmo Con volvulus tricolor L., R. da Cunha!); Monsanto (parásita do mesmo Convolvulus tricolor L., n.° 1088, Pereira Coutinho!)" (Guimarães 1904: 160). Herbarium specimens: "Herbarium Lusitanicum / J. Daveau-1879 / Orobanche barbata Poir. / Cazal de Lumiar / Haies & prairies Mai-Juin. / Environs de Lisbonne [Lisbon / Lisboa]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384491 - P 04384491.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009639 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4EC211393F9348AE8987D4E3BCF30C28; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [on Convolvulus tricolor L.]); "Herbarium Lusitanicum / J. Daveau-1879 / Orobanche barbata Poir. / Cazal de Lumiar / Haies & prairies Mai-Juin. / Environs de Lisbonne [Lisbon / Lisboa]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384488 - P 04384488.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465089770 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5AF2B80FDD064AB793BCE54049A64CAC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [typical specimens on Convolvulus tricolor L.]); idem (LE s.n.; rev. R. Piwowarczyk et Ó. Sánchez Pedraja)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia subvar. typica J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 152 (1904) [saltem p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia f. pogonia (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930). Ind. loc.: [Portugal:] "γ. 1 —typica Centro littoral: — Serra de Monsanto : entre a Ajuda e a Cruz da Oliveira (parásita do Convolvulus tricolor L., Welwitsch !) ... Bemfica [Benfica] (parásita do Convolvulus tricolor L., J. Daveau!); Cascaes [Cascais] (parásita do mesmo Convolvulos tricolor L., n.º 1087, Pereira Coutinho!)" (Guimarães 1904: 160)

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= Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. xeroxantha (J.A. Guim.) Coutinho, Fl. Portug.: 569 (1913) [p.p.] (Beck 1930: 189, sub O. mauretanica). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[159, t. 14] (1904). Obs. see Orobanche calendulae Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 110 (1874)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. xeroxantha (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930) ["Var. α. mauretanica ... Forma 4. xeroxantha"], p.p., nom superfl. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[159, t. 14] (1904)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia f. pogonia (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930) ["Var. γ. pogonia ... Forma 8. genuina = pogonia O. barbata"]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia subvar. typica J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 152 (1904)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. pseudopogonia (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930) [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[158] (1904)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia f. pyrroleuca (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 191 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. pogonia subvar. pyrroleuca J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 153 (1904)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche barbata sensu Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 183 (1804 [7 Dec 1804]), non Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1797) (Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica)

Orobanche barbata sensu Reut. in DC. Prod. 11: 23 (1847), non Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1797) (Beck 1980: 234; Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Lusitaniâ (Brot.) Welwitsch ! pl. lus. exsicc. n. 209 parasitice in leguminosis annnis, in arvis ad pedem Serrae de Monsanto !"

Orobanche calendulae sensu Foley et Pujadas et auct. [saltem p.p.], non  Orobanche calendulae Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 110 (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 110 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])] (Foley 2001: 57, sub O. calendulae; Pujadas 2002: 401, sub O. calendulae)

Orobanche media sensu Beck, non Orobanche media Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 59[-60] (1798) (Beck 1980: 234, "in schedis"; Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica)

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Ind. loc.: "Lusitania [Portugal, distrito de Lisboa]: in arvis ad pedem Serrae de Monsanto (leg. Welwitsch [no. 209]!). / Mauretania [Morocco]: leg. Bové nr. 243! in arenosis prope Tingitem (Tanger), leg. Hackel!, Coite (leg. Salzmann)!; Algeria: leg. Mabille! et alii, in campis argillosis montis Djebel Chettabah prope Constantine! etc." (Beck 1890: 234, sub O. mauretanica).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Welwitsch iter Lusitanicum / 209. Orobanche barbata Lam. / Lusitanis: Herva toira amarella. / Parasit. in leguminosis annuis in arvis ad pedem Serrae de / Monsanto [Monsanto Forest Park] Apr. 1840 / U.i. 1841" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384493 - P 04384493.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841008 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BC1F14578720494595E60D1912487EE2; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [type, the two central specimens of the sheet] (Beck 1890: 234, sub O. mauretanica)).

Designated by: "Welwitsch, Iter lisit. nr. 209 (sub O. barbata)!" (Beck 1890: 234, sub O. mauretanica).

Host: "Sec. Welwitsch ad radices Leguminosarum annuarum crescit." (Beck 1890: 234, sub O. mauretanica). Host-plants need future studies.

Convolvulaceae Juss.

Convolvulus tricolor L. [= Convolvulus tricolor subsp. hortensis (Batt.) Maire] (Beck 1930: 187, "(f. Welwitsch, Daveau)", sub O. mauretanica).

Comments:

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Guimarães 1904: t. 14 ["Estampa. XIV, A. Guimarães!"].

Distribution: Mediterranean Region distribution: Algeria, Morocco, Portugal and Spain.

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 Specimens examined and literature records.

Algeria / الجزائر‎ / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica; Beck 1930: 187-188, sub O. mauretanica)

Constantine: "Algeria: leg. Mabille! et alii, in campis argillosis montis Djebel Chettabah prope Constantine! etc." (Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Marokko (Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica; Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica; Emberger & Maire 1941: 1130, sub O. Picridis Holandre)

Marrakesh-Safi [Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz]

Al Haouz Province: "Harald Lindberg, Iter Maroccanum 1926 / 3102 Orobanche mauretanica Beck (?) / Atlas magnum, in convalle fl. Reraïa [Rhirhaïa / Ghighaya, High Atlas / Haut Atlas], prope pag. Asni, in margine via in Eryngio camp. [Eryngium campestre L.], 1200 m / 30.5 leg. et det. Harald Lindberg" (http://id.luomus.fi/C.371053 - http://id.luomus.fi/MY.7850222 - C 371053.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3439937561; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. amethystea).

Oriental / Oujda

Guercif Province: "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche Picridis Holandre / Fissures des blocs de base dans un oued ad Tamgilt [Tamjilte] ver 1900 m / Moyen atlas Oriental / (Det. R. Maire) 5.7.1938" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410502 - P 04410502.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465189232 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0DD64E6A425440B984E13C2BECC9B9FC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014, sub O. mauretanica).

Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima

Ouezzane Province: "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / ... / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / ... / Orobanche minor / Loc.: Eastern slope, about 10 km North of / Ouezzane. Rif mountains, area of rivulet / Zanddeuila / N.º 1572 Die: 14-4-1961 / On cultivated fields and along / roadside .- / Loamy clay." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84167 - AMD 84167.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513061121; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [on Convolvulus tricolor L.?]); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141460 - WAG 1141460.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2517673024; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [on Convolvulus tricolor L.?]); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816578 - L 2816578.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2514529588; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica).

Tangier-Assilah Prefecture: "Mauretania [Morocco]: leg. Bové nr. 243! in arenosis prope Tingitem (Tanger [Tangier / Tánger]), leg. Hackel!, Coite (leg. Salzmann)!" (Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica); "Marokko (Bove n. 243!); bei Coite (Salzmann!), an sandigen Orten bei Tanger [Tangier / Tánger] (Hackel!)"; "T. Tanger [Tangier / Tánger] sur Convolvulus tricolor ssp. hortensis (Buchet)" (Emberger & Maire 1941: 1130, sub O. Picridis Holandre).

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Portugal (Reuter 1847: 23, sub O. barbata sensu Reut.; Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica; Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. genuina; Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia; Guimarães 1904: 159, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha; Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica; Beck 1930: 189, loc. class. of O. mauretanica)

Algarve (Ag) (Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia)

Faro District: "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d’Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2011 Orobanche barbata, Poir (Coss.) / Champs incultes sablonneux à Faro, Algarve. / Parasite sur les Légumineuuses et le Tolpis barbata, etc. / 17 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384499 - P 04384499.jpg - hb. Bourgeau - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/1/P04384499.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464692500 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BB083521EEFC4E16A66407AB8479595E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [the sheet contains a mix of more than one species, but only one of them (the right-hand) seems to correspond to O. calendulae and the specimen on the left side of the sheet seems to correspond to O. mauretanica]); "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d’Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2011 Orobanche barbata, Poir (Coss.) / Champs incultes sablonneux à Faro, Algarve. / Parasite sur les Légumineuuses et le Tolpis barbata, etc. / 17 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04385329 - P 04385329.jpg - hb. Bourgeau - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841103 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/166601EC14A1438DB7EDAA8558FEF2DA; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [the sheet contains a mix of more than one species, the three right specimens seem to correspond to O. castellana and the specimen on the left side of the sheet seems to correspond to O. mauretanica]); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410484 - P 04410484.jpg - hb. L. Giraudias - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009733 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6A5B9CA9F69347A392E31CF90BE40D3C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, the largest specimen is apparently O. mauretanica); "Algarve:— Faro: campos incultos arenosos [juncto das Leguminosas, da Tolpis barbata Gärtn., etc. (sub nomine O. barbata Poiret), E . Bourgeau! exsicc. n.° 2011]" (Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia).

Baixo Alentejo (BAl) [unconfirmed, see O. calendulae Pomel]

Setúbal District: "Alemtejo littoral: — Ilha do Pecegueiro (Daveau!)" (Guimarães 1904: 159, sub O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha).

Estremadura (E) (Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica; Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. genuina; Guimarães 1904: 159, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha)

Grande Lisboa / Greater Lisbon: "Lusitania [distrito de Lisboa]: in arvis ad pedem Serrae de Monsanto (leg. Welwitsch [no. 209]!)" (Beck 1890: 234, loc. class. of O. mauretanica); "Portugal: Distr. Centro littoral, Arredores de Lisboa [Lisbon / Lisboa] (Welwitsch!)"; "Lusitaniâ (Brot. ) Welwitsch ! pl. lus. exsicc. n. 209 parasitice in leguminosis annnis, in arvis ad pedem Serrae de Monsanto !" (Reuter 1847: 23, sub O. barbata sensu Reut.); "Welwitsch, plantae Lusitanicae, 1851 / Orobanche / ad Convolv. tricoloren [Convolvulus tricolor L.] in Serra / de Monsanto [Monsanto Forest Park] prope Olisip. [Lisbon / Lisboa]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384492 - P 04384492.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009640 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/90FB271F7D4C4A0F991BBEFC0591A435; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [loc. class., three specimens near their label and on right side of the sheet]); "Welwitsch iter Lusitanicum / 209. Orobanche barbata Lam. / Lusitanis: Herva toira amarella. / Parasit. in leguminosis annuis in arvis ad pedem Serrae de / Monsanto [Monsanto Forest Park] Apr. 1840 / U.i. 1841" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384493 - P 04384493.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841008 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BC1F14578720494595E60D1912487EE2; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [syntype, the two central specimens of the sheet]); idem (LE s.n.; rev. R. Piwowarczyk et Ó. Sánchez Pedraja); "Herbarium Lusitanicum / J. Daveau-1879 / Orobanche barbata Poir. / Cazal de Lumiar / Haies & prairies Mai-Juin. / Environs de Lisbonne [Lisbon / Lisboa]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384491 - P 04384491.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009639 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4EC211393F9348AE8987D4E3BCF30C28; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [on Convolvulus tricolor L.]); "Herbarium Lusitanicum / J. Daveau-1879 / Orobanche barbata Poir. / Cazal de Lumiar / Haies & prairies Mai-Juin. / Environs de Lisbonne [Lisbon / Lisboa]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384488 - P 04384488.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465089770 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5AF2B80FDD064AB793BCE54049A64CAC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [typical specimens on Convolvulus tricolor L.]); idem (LE s.n.; rev. R. Piwowarczyk et Ó. Sánchez Pedraja); "α. 2 — typica Centro littoral:—Arredores de Lisboa: nas faldas da Serra de Monsanto (juncto de Leguminosas annuaes, Welwitsch, fide Beck)" (Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. genuina); "Algarve: — Entre Portimão e Lagos, na valeta da estrada." (Guimarães 1904: 159, loc. class. of  O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha (Guimarães 1904: t. 14 ["Estampa. XIV, A. Guimarães!"]); "γ. 1 —typica Centro littoral: — Serra de Monsanto: entre a Ajuda e a Cruz da Oliveira (parásita do Convolvulus tricolor L., Welwitsch !) ... Bemfica [Benfica] (parásita do Convolvulus tricolor L., J. Daveau!); Cascaes [Cascais] (parásita do mesmo Convolvulos tricolor L., n.º 1087, Pereira Coutinho!)" (Guimarães 1904: 160, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. pogonia subvar. typica); "γ. 4— (O.) pyrroleuca Guim. Centro littoral:—Arredores de Lisboa [Lisbon / Lisboa]: prox. do cemiterio de Bemfica [Benfica], casal do Lumiar (parásita do Convolvulus tricolor L., J. Daveau!), Ponte Nova (parásita do mesmo Convolvulus tricolor L., R. da Cunha!); Monsanto (parásita do mesmo Convolvulus tricolor L., n.° 1088, Pereira Coutinho!)" (Guimarães 1904: 160, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. pogonia subvar. pyrroleuca); "Portugal: Distr. Centro littoral, Arredores de Lisboa, auf Convolvulus tricolor L. (J. Daveau, R. da Cunha, Pereira Coutinho nach Guimaraes)" (Beck 1930: 191, loc. class. of O. mauretanica f. pyrroleuca); 22785 São Domingos de Rana [38°43'11.0"N 9°19'01.0"W 38.719722, -9.316944], 11 Apr 2021 / The most obvious was a very high cover by Convolvulus tricolor" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73619650 - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3090881422 by Pedro Beja in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Willkomm 1893: 187, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. reverchoni; Wolley-Dod 1914: 80, sub O. mauretanica; Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica; Foley 2001: 57, sub O. calendulae [p.p.]; Pujadas 2002: 401, sub O. calendulae [p.p.])

Cádiz (Ca): "Between Sprague's Farm and San Roque ! (my 1985, 1986, teste Beck)" (Wolley-Dod 1914: 80, sub O. mauretanica); "Harald Lindberg, Iter Hispanicum 1926 / 568 Orobanche mauretanica Beck / f. rubra / Prov. Cádiz. Algeciras, in colle sicco pr. / oppidum, in rad. Convolv. tric. [Convolvulus tricolor L.] ... / 16.4 leg. et det. Harald Lindberg" (http://id.luomus.fi/C.371047 - http://id.luomus.fi/MY.7850198 - C 371047.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3439938592; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica); "Harald Lindberg, Iter Hispanicum 1926 / 567 568 Orobanche mauretanica Beck / f. lutea (...) / f. rubra ... / Prov. Cádiz. Algeciras, in colle sicco pr. / oppidum, in rad. Convolv. tric. [Convolvulus tricolor L.] ... / 16.4 leg. et det. Harald Lindberg" (http://id.luomus.fi/C.371048 - http://id.luomus.fi/MY.7850202 - C 371048.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3439845879; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica); "Harald Lindberg, Iter Hispanicum 1926 / 567 Orobanche mauretanica Beck / f. lutea / Prov. Cádiz. Algeciras, in colle sicco pr. / oppidum, in rad. Convolv. tric. [Convolvulus tricolor L.] ... / 16.4 leg. et det. Harald Lindberg" (http://id.luomus.fi/C.371049 - http://id.luomus.fi/MY.7850206 - C 371049.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3439938593; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica); "Ferner auf Gibraltar: auf der Sprague's Farm, San Roque, Los Barrios Station, im April, Mai (A.H. Wolley-Dod!)" (Beck 1930: 187, sub O. mauretanica); "…in some quantity in a cultivated field near Los Barrios Station, is probably this!” (Wolley-Dod 1949: 73); Los Barrios, ladera sur del Cerro de Monreal (sobre la Vereda de las Albutreras, cerca de la estación de ferrocarril de Los Barrios), 30STF7806, 40 m, sobre (!) Convolvulus tricolor en prado semiabandonado invadido por esta planta, G. Moreno Moral MM0042/2013, 30-IV-2013 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13842); San Roque, curva de Viña Sprague (bajo el Cortijo de la Cruz, pr. San Roque), 30STF8508, 25 m, parásita de Convolvulus tricolor en taludes herbosos y borde de camino, J.A. García Rojas, G. Moreno Moral MM0043/2013 & F. Muñoz Secilla, 30-IV-2013 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13843).

Madrid (M): "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1854. / Orobanche / Casa de Campo près Madrid / Juin" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384494 - P 04384494.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841009 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F5DDC9DCB6E74780B3E229B2A53D947B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [the specimen central of the sheet]).

Málaga (Ma): "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1849. / Orobanche minor / Pto. del Viento Sierra de Ronda / 29 Juin." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384489 - P 04384489.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465089771 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C1DE5D09B4104FE78F607B44D5FD7A0E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [only the specimen on the right side of the sheet, the rest are apparently O. castellana]).

Murcia (Mu): "In prov. Malac. (pr. Cartagena sup. Genistas rara, Reverch.! d. 16 Jun. 1888" (Willkomm 1893: 187, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. reverchoni).

Valencia / València (V): "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1852. / Orobanche / stig rouge / Fuente de la Higuera [Xàtiva / Játiva, Costera] / 12 Juin." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384493 - P 04384493.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841008 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BC1F14578720494595E60D1912487EE2; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [the two specimens on the right side of the sheet]); "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1852. / Orobanche / San Felipe de Xativa [Xàtiva / Játiva, Costera] / Juin" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384494 - P 04384494.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464841009 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F5DDC9DCB6E74780B3E229B2A53D947B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [the specimen on the right side of the sheet]); 1. "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1852. / Orobanche / Moxente [Mogente / Moixent, Xàtiva / Játiva, Costera] / 13 Juin.". – 2. "Orobanche / γ blanc! / parasite du Ballota hirsuta / Sierra de San Felipe de Xativa [Xátiva / Játiva] / 16 mai [leg. Bourgeau, Mai-Juin 1852?]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384495 - P 04384495.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465089772 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/8AB97EBD7F2241E2BE7FAA165258337E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [the specimen on the right side of the sheet] and O. ballotae [three specimens on the left side of the sheet]).

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References.

Anthos (Proyecto). Sistema de información sobre las plantas de España (Spanish plants information system). Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. Fundación Biodiversidad. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC. http://www.anthos.es/v21/ (accessed 6 Mar. 2007).

Beck, G. 1890. Monographie der Gattung Orobanche. Biblioth. Bot. 19. Theodor Fischer. Kassel. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/10221.

Beck, G. 1930 [30 Sep 1930]. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae Lindl. In: Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig, pp. 1-348. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71652.

Durand, T. & Jackson, B.D. 1886-1895. Index Kewensis. Suppl. 1 [Index Kewensis plantarum phanerogamarum. nomina et synonyma omnium generum et specierum ab initio anni MDCCCLXXXVI usque ad finem anni MDCCCXCV complectens Supplementum primum]. Bruxelles: apud Alfredum Castaigne, 1901-1906. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/134099.

Emberger L. & Maire, R. 1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc (Spermatophytes et Ptéridophytes) Tome IV. Supplément aux volumes I, II et III. Mém. H.s. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc: i-vi, LX-LXXV, [915]-1181. Alger: Imprimerie Minerva 5, rue Clauzeì. [Orobanchaceae: 1128-1130]. [Cat. Pl. Maroc]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/viewer/13179.

Foley, M.J.Y. 2001. Orobanche L. In Paiva, J., Sales, F., Hedge, I.C., Aedo, C., Aldasoro, J.J., Castroviejo, S., Herrero, A. & Velayos, M. (eds.). Flora iberica 14: 32-72 + 235-251 (Suplemento Fotográfico). Madrid. URL: http://www.rjb.csic.es/floraiberica/floraiberica/texto/pdfs/14_05%20orobanche.pdf (accessed Sep 2007).

Pujadas, A. 2002. Orobanche L. In López Sáez, J. A., P. Catalán & L. Sáez (eds.). Plantas parásitas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Ediciones Mundi-Prensa [pp. 348-440].

Uhlich, H., Pusch, J. & Barthel, K.-J. 1995. Die Sommerwurzarten Europas: Gattung Orobanche. Westarp Wissenschaften - Magdeburg.

Willkomm, M. 1893. Supplementum prodromi florae hispanicae. Stuttgart. [Fam. Orobanchaceae: 185-191, 328]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/9513.

Wolley-Dod, A.H. 1914. A flora of Gibraltar and the neighborhood [Issued as a Supplement to 'Journal of Botany,' 1914]. J. Bot. [Journal of Botany: British and Foreign] 52: 1-131. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/108310.

Wolley-Dod, A.H. 1949. Flora calpensis. A list of Plants Recorded from Gibraltar and the Campo District of Spain.

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