Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 7 September 2023


Accepted Name:

Orobanche calendulae Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 110 (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 110 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche mauretanica subsp. calendulae (Pomel) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 569 (1913), nom. inv.

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris subsp. calendulae (Pomel) O. Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot (1990)

Orobanche minor var. calendulae (Pomel) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie Tunisie: 254 (1905) ["O. minor Sutton β Calendulae Pomel"] (Battandier & Trabut 1905: 254)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche mauretanica var. ryparia J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 154-[160] (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... ε. (O.) ryparia Guim., nov. var."]. Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Beira littoral : Buarcos [Buarcos e São Julião, Figueira da Foz, Coimbra District, Beira Litoral] (parasita da Calendula microphylla Lge., Moller!)."

= Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151-[159] (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... β. (O.) welwitschii Guim., nov. var."]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. genuina J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151-[159] (1904), nom. inv. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3); Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. genuina (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930), nom. inv. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Centro littoral: — Berlenga [Ilha da Berlenga, Distrito de Leiria, Beira Litoral], em frente do pharol (parasita da Calendula algarbiensis Boiss., exsicc. n.º 76 bis, sub nomine O. barbata Poir., J. Daveau!); Praia das Maçãs [freguesia de Colares, concelho de Sintra, Estremadura, Portugal], (parasita da mesma Calendula, Welwitsch!)

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= Orobanche mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[158] (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... α. (O.) mauretanica Beck ... α.3 O. pseudopogonia Guim., nov. subvar."] [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. pseudopogonia (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Algarve:— Faro: campos incultos arenosos [juncto das Leguminosas, da Tolpis barbata Gärtn., etc. (sub nomine O. barbata Poiret), E . Bourgeau! exsicc. n.° 2011]". Herbarium Specimens: "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d’Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2011 Orobanche barbata, Poir (Coss.) / Champs incultes sablonneux à Faro, Algarve. / Parasite sur les Légumineuuses et le Tolpis barbata, etc. / 17 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384499 - P 04384499.jpg - hb. Bourgeau - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/1/P04384499.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464692500 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BB083521EEFC4E16A66407AB8479595E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [the sheet contains a mix of more than one species, but only one of them (the right-hand) seems to correspond to O. calendulae and the specimen on the left side of the sheet seems to correspond to O. mauretanica]); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410484 - P 04410484.jpg - hb. L. Giraudias - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009733 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6A5B9CA9F69347A392E31CF90BE40D3C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, the largest specimen is apparently O. mauretanica). Obs. The rest of Guimarães's records do not seem to correspond to this species (Guimarães 1904: 158). See Orobanche mauretanica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 233[-234] (1890)

= Orobanche mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151-[159] (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... α. (O.) mauretanica Beck ... α.4 O. xeroxantha Guim., nov. subvar."] [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. xeroxantha (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Alemtejo littoral: — Ilha do Pecegueiro (Daveau!). Obs. The rest of Guimarães's records do not seem to correspond to this species (Guimarães 1904: 159). See Orobanche mauretanica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 233[-234] (1890)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. genuina J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151, 159 ["typica"] (1904) ["b. I genuina = (O.) welwitschii Guim.], nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151-[159] (1904); Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. genuina (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930)

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= Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. genuina (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930) ["β. 1   = (O.) welwitschii Guim. ... Forma 5. genuina"], nom. inv. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151 (1904); Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. typica J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151-[159] (1904)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. pseudopogonia (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930) [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 150-[158] (1904)

= Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica f. xeroxantha (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 189 (1930) [p.p.]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151-[159] (1904)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche mauretanica sensu J.A. Guim. et auct. [saltem p. p.], non Orobanche mauretanica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 233[-234] (1890)

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Ind. loc.: Algeria / Argelia: "Sur Calendula suffruticosa [Compositae]: Oran, Oued el Hammam (Habra [Oued Habra])" (Pomel 1874: 110).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: «Lectotype (designed here): “Orobanche calendulae Pomel! / Type! / O. Oued el Hammam près l’Habra sur Calendula suffruticosa / leg. A. Pomel” [manu Maire] (MPU-4862; isolectotype: P-102804).» (Domina & al. 2013: 761).

Designated by: Domina & al. in Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 761. (2013).

Host: Parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Jun 2016).

Asteraceae Bercht. & J. Presl [= Compositae Giseke]

Calendula L.

Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L. [= Calendula echinata DC.]. Morocco (MPU 059550.jpg - hb. Maire); Portugal (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 61).

Calendula maroccana (Ball) B. D. Jacks. [≡ Calendula suffruticosa subsp. maroccana Ball]. Morocco (P 02986977.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus; P 02986978.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus).

Calendula stellata Cav. [= Calendula algeriensis Boiss. & Reut.]. Morocco (MPU 064567.jpg - hb. Maire).

Calendula suffruticosa Vah. Algeria (MPU 004862.jpg - hb. Pomel; P 00102804.jpg - hb. Maire; P 03428403.jpg; P 02977878.jpg - hb. M. Martin).

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis (Boiss.) Nyman [≡ Calendula algarbiensis Boiss.; = Calendula microphylla Willk.]. Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12520; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12521; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13840).

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Ohle [≡ Calendula balansae Boiss. & Reut.]. Algeria (P 00102805.jpg - hb. Maire; MPU 064566.jpg - hb. Maire; MPU 064569.jpg - hb. Maire).

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. lusitanica (Boiss.) Ohle [≡ Calendula lusitanica Boiss.]. Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12527).

Comments:

Taxonomic obs.: "Note: The shapes of calyx and corolla clearly distinguish this taxon from O. mauretanica and O. artemisiae-campestris." (Domina & al. 2013: 761).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Oran (MPU 004862.jpg - hb. Pomel, lectotype); b, Oran (P 00102804.jpg - hb. Maire, isolectotype); c, Setúbal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12527 [inflorescences]); d, Setúbal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12521 [corolla]).

Distribution: Algeria, Canary Islands?, Madeira Islands, Morocco, Portugal, Spain.

Distribution (Greuter & al. 1989: 257; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010+); Iberian Peninsula distribution ["S. Portugal, S.W. Spain"] (Chater & Webb 1972: 291, sub O. calendulae [incl. O. mauretanica]).

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 Specimens examined and literature records.

Algeria / الجزائر‎ / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Pomel 1874: 110, type of O. calendulae; Battandier & Trabut 1905: 254, sub O. minor var. calendulae; Beck 1930; Greuter & al. 1989; Pujadas, 2002; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010)

Oran Province: "Orobanche minor, Sutton. / Environs d'Oran / E. Cosson, Mai 1852 / Cosson dedit / 29 April. 1853" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759348 - K 000759348 - herb. J. Gay - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400400.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2015); 1. "Université d' Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel! / Type! / O. Oued el Hammam près l’Habra [Oued Habra] sur Calendula suffruticosa [C. suffruticosa Vahl] / leg. A. Pomel [m. Maire]". 2. "Seen for taxonomic revision of Orobanche / M.J.Y. Foley / Univ. Lancaster, XI 1994." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004862 - MPU 004862.jpg - hb. Pomel - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541752; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016 [the most important Maire' Collection of North Africa plants is preserved in MPU], syntype of O. calendulae); 1. "Orobanche Calendulae Pom. / Oued el Hammam". 2. "Université d' Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel! / Type! / O. Oued el Hammam près l’Habra [Oued Habra] sur Calendula suffruticosa / leg. A. Pomel [m. Maire]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00102804 - P 00102804.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437962438 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A859CA5E441C41C3A3D53FA7D95D0CDA; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016, syntype of O. calendulae); "Sur Calendula suffruticosa [Compositae (Asteraceae)]: Oran, Oued el Hammam (Habra [Oued Habra])" (Pomel 1874: 110, loc. class. of O. calendulae); «Lectotype (designed here): "Orobanche calendulae Pomel! / Type! / O. Oued el Hammam près l’Habra sur Calendula suffruticosa / leg. A. Pomel” [manu Maire] (MPU-4862; isolectotype: P-102804).» (Domina & al. 2013: 761); "95965 / Flora Atlantica exsiccata / Orobanche calendulae (Pomel) / sur Calendula suffruticosa / Environs d' Oran; batterie espagnole / Mars 1888 / J. Garrigues" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428403 - P 03428403.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428403.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474793169 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/ACEAAD1140FF410D867020FEF8F2F21B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013); "Orobanche Calendulae (Pomel) / Oran: falaises du Nord Est; sur / le Calendula suffruticosa ! / Avril 1888 / Récolte par J. Garrigues" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977878 - P 02977878.jpg - hb. M. Martin - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438438051 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A3157718142B4E5AAF416305936A15F4; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428402 - P 03428402.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474877400 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B00341373E964CFFBC0D72E4A27E0AE3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Orobanche minor Sutt. / β Calendulae Pomel. / Oran - Avril 1915" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04243512 - P 04243512.jpg - hb. Rotereau - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474784509 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/16A3797605F64733B7D98CBBC5A5C9EE; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); "Plantes d'Algerie / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / Sur Calendulae Balansae / Batterie espagnole / Oran / Mai 1919" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064566 - MPU 064566.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839800 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/39407FBCE8A34E16A1C573EFC3C58469; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Ch. D'Alleizette / Plantes d'Algerie / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / Sur Calendulae Balansae / Oran. Batterie espagnole /  Avril 1919" (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=1899416 - https://pi.jacq.org/PI058859 - PI 058859.jpg - hb. Guadagno 2922 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3965951476; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023); "Dr. R. Maire itinera Algerica 1936 / Université d' Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche calendulae Pomel / Ad radices Calendulae Balansae / Boiss. [C. suffruticosa subsp. balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Ohle] in arenis ad ostium fluminis / Macta [Marais de la Macta] / 16-4" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00102805 - P 00102805.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/436964155 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F8F6A3A8D4A04ADA9718C346F8768971; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera algerica / 1936 / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / Ad radices Calendulae Balansae Boiss. / in arenis ad ostium fluminis Macta [Marais de la Macta] / 16-4" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064569 - MPU 064569.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839821 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D066BA851F5F42A5A78F6283E3F49C76; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064568 - MPU 064568.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839798 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/97C0E266EACC45C8A4CDC0054D8A4410; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera algerica / 1940 / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / Ad radices Calendulae suffruticosa / (s.l.) in arenis ad ostium fluminis / Macta [Marais de la Macta] / 4-5" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064581 - MPU 064581.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839813 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/2B91231E11CC48E48FD4E68C127BA7C7; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Orobanche minor Sutton β Calendulae Pomel, sur Calendula vivaces à Oran" (Battandier & Trabut 1905: 254, sub O. minor var. calendulae); Orobanche / Calendulae Pomel / Vindplaats: in duinen te Macha bij Oran / 16.IV.1936 / T.J. Stomps / op Calendula suffruticosa (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84035 - AMD 84033.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016 [bad preserved specimen (cf.)]); "Plantes d'Algerie / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel ? / La Macta [Marais de la Macta], près Mostaganem / Pelouses sablonneuses / 16.4.1939 / Legit A. Faure" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064580 - MPU 064580.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839789 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D9D8A2D6A4924418B18B2B3021E188C0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018).

Skikda Province: 1. "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche barbata Poiret / (=O. minor Sm. ... ) / var. barbata (= var. typica Fiori) / subéraie des crêtes de boudra, près de / Bessombourg [Zitouna, 36°59'29.0"N 6°27'37.0"E 36.991389, 6.460278], vers 600 mètres. / Kabylie de Collo / 26 mai 1944". – 2. "R. Maire ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu357244 - MPU 357244.jpg - hb. Dubuis - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424980954 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4BB5974D3DA04C4B9F8FB821D76E7F7E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. cf. calendulae).

Tlemcen Province: "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanchaceae / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / ... / Sur le Cystus à Tlemcem. Mai 1914" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983095 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983095 - P 02983095.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772819 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A17FD6BC62D74868B315EC12259451BE; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O calendulae, aggr.]).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko (Beck 1930; Greuter & al. 1989; Pujadas 2002; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010)

Casablanca-Settat: "Herbier E. G. Camus / Orobanche hyalina / Maroc; Casablanca / Avril 1898 / Legit Mellerio / E.G. Camus S" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02986973 - P 02986973.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/7/P02986973.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772627 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D1072DC235624822BFAE429BE889530B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [apparently parasitizing Calendula sp.]); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / Maroc; Casablanca / Avril 1898. / Legit Mellerio / E.G. Camus S nr 254" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02986976 - P 02986976.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/7/P02986976.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437771900 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/23B47B2F4B7447F3AF0CB0EA0F119067; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [apparently parasitizing Calendula sp.]); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / sur le Calendula maroccana [C. maroccana (Ball) B. D. Jacks. = C. suffruticosa subsp. maroccana Ball] / Maroc; Casablanca / avril 1898. / Legit Mellerio / E.G. Camus S" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02986977 - P 02986977.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/7/P02986977.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439104451 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/CAE4399BB965436A9791F3F41C22E890; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / sur le Calendula maroccana [C. maroccana (Ball) B. D. Jacks. = C. suffruticosa subsp. maroccana Ball] / Maroc; Casablanca / avril 1898. / Legit Mellerio / E.G. Camus S nr 254" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02986978 - P 02986978.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/7/P02986978.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439104450 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/36B1BCC5F416460B96F64BB1B956D8BD; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02986979 - P 02986979.jpg - hb. E.G. Camus - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/7/P02986979.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438770912 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B76E19B168BE466B8E7E970E64933DDB; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013); "Orobanche / Environs de Casablanca / 18 Avril 1898. / Maroc - M. Mellerio / Reçu en Juill. 88" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02982367 - P 02982367.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/1/P02982367.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438438048 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0DC1092C94E14DD09FAC69EDDA605342; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [apparently parasitizing Anthemis sp.]).

Fès-Meknès [Meknès-Tafilalet]

Ifrane Province: 1. "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. / = O. Galii Vaucher / Moyen Atlas: Ari Hebbri [Ari-Hebbri, near Azrú / Azrou], sur Rubia laevis 2000 m / 25-8-1923 /  Dr. R. Maire". – 2. "non O. caryophyllacea Sm. / Anno 2000 Determinavit A. Pujadas" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu261523 - MPU 261523.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424915960 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/FF1F355C6B654392BBCBFDC01CB9786C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2023 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. calendulae Pomel]); "MA [Moyen Atlas]. Ari Hebbri [Ari-Hebbri, near Azrú / Azrou] (Maire)" (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 697, sub O. caryophyllacea Sm. — O. galii Duby [this record needs to be confirmed, it may be confused with this species]); 1. "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / ... / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche / Loc.: Oued Ifrane, 2 to 5 km direction / Meknes. / No. 2776 Die: 3-6-1961. / ...". – 2. "Orobanche minor Sm.? / Det. F.M. Muller, 1982 ..." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141459 - WAG 1141459.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515841394; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2022 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. calendulae Pomel]).

Meknès Préfecture: 1. "Orobanche minor Sutt. / var. Calendulae Pom. / Maroc: Meknès / R. Benoist legit, nº 280 - 25 Avril 1918". – 2. "Orobanche calendulae Pomel / Det.-rev. D. Costa Junho 1998" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428659 - P 03428659.jpg - hb. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428659.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474956775 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9D45C9DD4C6E4359955255229E8F6D9A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [apparently parasitizing Calendula sp.]); Meknès, leg. R. Benoist , nº 280 - 25 Avril 1918 (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00072205 - P 00072205 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/436964156 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/E25542D6C1A243DEA3D37A922667C9E3 [n.v.]).

Marrakesh-Safi

Essaouira Province: J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche calendulae Pomel / Loc.: c. 5 km S of Mogador (= Essaouira) / Cross roads with Oued Ksob. / No: 1800  Die: 23-4-1961 / ... Host / plant Tamarix and / or Nicotianum spec. / (1784). ... / det. F.M. Muller 1983 (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141175 - WAG 1141175.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816535 - L 2816535.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84034 - AMD 84034.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016).

Safi Province: "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum undecimum / 1926 / Orobanche Calendulae Pomel / Ad radices Calendulae algeriensis Boiss. et Reut. [= Calendula stellata Cav.] / prope Saffi / corolla ochroleuca / stigma sordide luteum / 30-3" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064567 - MPU 064567.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839812 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6F6DC09F9CBD43678FA32E9BA64D870C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018).

Rabat-Salé-Kénitra

Kenitra Province: "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum XVII / 1929 / Orobanche barbata Poiret / var. / Kenitra, ad radices Microlonchi sal- / mantici DC. [Microlonchus salmanticus (L.) DC. Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill.] / corolla alba violaceo suffusa / ... / stigma violaceum / die 15 aprilis" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu059553 - MPU 059553.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424835817 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/AC106F330BD5403FA7F719AB8590DF40; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. calendulae Pomel])).

Souss-Massa [Souss-Massa-Draa]: "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum XXI / 1931 / Orobanche minor Sutton / Agadir, ad radices Calendulae / echinatae D.C. [Calendula echinata DC. = C. arvensis (Vaill.) L.], 13 aprilis 1931" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu059550 - MPU 059550.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424835814 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/46D110137BF2471D88706BA5F36CDE7C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018 [cf.]).

Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima

Larache Province: "Orobanche amethystea Thuill. / Fleur de couleur citron [lemon]. / Sables aux env. de Larache / Mars 1886" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02982369 - P 02982369.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/1/P02982369.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438438047 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BC99D512AD7145E3B7C42C22F5527263; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [cf., apparently parasitizing Anthemis sp.]).

No precise locality given: 1. "Leg. Ch.H. Andreas / H.D. Schotsman  d.d. 15-III-1970 / Orobanche spec. / Africa / Morocco / 1970-03-15". – 2. "Orobanche minor Sm. / Det. F.M. Muller, 1986 ..." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141457 - WAG 1141457.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515856822; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2022 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. calendulae Pomel]).

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Portugal (Guimarães 1904: 160, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. ryparia; Guimarães 1904: 151, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. welwitschii; Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia; Guimarães 1904: 159, sub O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha; Coutinho 1913: 569, sub O. mauretanica subsp. calendulae; Beck 1930: 190, sub O. mauretanica var. welwitschii; Chater & Webb 1972: 291, sub O. calendulae [incl. O. mauretanica]; Greuter & al. 1989; Foley 2001; Pujadas 2002; Domingues de Almeida 2003; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010+)

Algarve (Ag)

Faro District: "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d’Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2011 Orobanche barbata, Poir (Coss.) / Champs incultes sablonneux à Faro, Algarve. / Parasite sur les Légumineuuses et le Tolpis barbata, etc. / 17 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384499 - P 04384499.jpg - hb. Bourgeau - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/1/P04384499.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464692500 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/BB083521EEFC4E16A66407AB8479595E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2013 [the sheet contains a mix of more than one species, but only one of them (the right-hand) seems to correspond to O. calendulae and the specimen on the left side of the sheet seems to correspond to O. mauretanica]); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410484 - P 04410484.jpg - hb. L. Giraudias - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465009733 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6A5B9CA9F69347A392E31CF90BE40D3C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, the largest specimen is apparently O. mauretanica); "Algarve:— Faro: campos incultos arenosos [juncto das Leguminosas, da Tolpis barbata Gärtn., etc. (sub nomine O. barbata Poiret), E . Bourgeau! exsicc. n.° 2011]" (Guimarães 1904: 158, loc. class. of O. mauretanica subvar. pseudopogonia).

Baixo Alentejo (BAl)

Setúbal District: "Alemtejo littoral: — Ilha do Pecegueiro (Daveau!)" (Guimarães 1904: 159, sub O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha); "Alemtejo littoral: — Villa Nova de Milfontes (parasita da Ononis Hispánica L., Welwitsch !)." (Guimarães 1904: 160, sub O. mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. xeroxantha [cf.]); "Milfontes [Vila Nova de Milfontes]" (Coutinho 1913: 569, sub O. mauretanica subsp. calendulae [cf.]); "Île du Pecegueiro, 29SNB18, IV-1886, J. Daveau LISU P 34634; Odemira: Vila Nova de Milfontes, sobre Calendula arvensis, 29SNB17, IV-18??, Guimarães? LISU P 34636" (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 61); Sines, Forte da Ilha (junto a los acantilados de la costa cercana a la Ilha do Pessegueiro, pr. Porto Covo), 29SNB1886, 20 m, probable parásita de Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis (Boiss.) Nyman [C. suffruticosa Vahl] entre una maraña de Carpobrotus sp. que va invadiendo la vegetación en este tramo costero rocoso, G. Moreno Moral MM0040/2013, 29-IV-2013 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13840); Sines, Forte da Ilha (junto a los acantilados de la costa cercana a la Ilha do Pessegueiro, pr. Porto Covo), 29SNB1886, 20 m, parásita de Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis entre una maraña de Carpobrotus sp. que va invadiendo la vegetación en este tramo costero rocoso, G. Moreno Moral MM0015/2018, 3-V-2018 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14141, solo un ejemplar, que ya está más bien pasado, ha brotado, de momento, este año. El 29-IV-2013 casi 100 ejemplares componían esta colonia [MM0040/2013]. Tallitos secos, de años anteriores, dispersos, se veían entre esta colonia del Forte da Ilha y la Praia do Queimado).

Beira Litoral (BL)

Coimbra District: "Beira littoral: Buarcos [Buarcos e São Julião, Figueira da Foz] (parasita da Calendula microphylla Lge. [C. suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis (Boiss.) Nyman], Moller!)" (Guimarães 1904: 160, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. ryparia); "Figueira da Foz: pr. Buarcos, hosp. Calendula, 29TNE14, VI-1880, A. Moller COI" (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 61); Herb. Acad. Rheno-Trai. / Orobanche calendulae Pomel / Beira Litoral / Cantanhede, NW of Coimbra. Alt. 75 m. / ... / Leg.: Stud. biol. Rheno-Trai. in itinere No. 59-983. / d. d. 18.V.1959 / Det.: J.A.W. Brak 1963 (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/U.1469347 - U 1469347.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016 [bad preserved specimen (cf.)]).

Leiria District: "Centro littoral: — Berlenga [Ilha da Berlenga], em frente do pharol (parasita da Calendula algarbiensis Boiss. [C. suffruticosa Vahl], exsicc. n.º 76 bis, sub nomine O. barbata Poir., J. Daveau!)" (Guimarães 1904: 151, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. welwitschii); "Berlengas" (Coutinho 1913: 569, sub O. mauretanica subsp. calendulae); "Portugal: Distr. Centro-littoral bei Berlenga auf Calendula algarbiensis Boiss. (n. Daveau)" (Beck 1930: 190, sub O. mauretanica var. welwitschii Guimarães, l.c. 151. Forma 5. genuina Guimarães, l.c. 151 pro subvar. = var. Welwitschii Guim); "2520 Peniche [39°24'51.5"N 9°30'22.1"W 39.414303, -9.506147 (Arquipélago das Berlengas)], 14 May 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/141286225 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3963364173 by Rafael António in iNaturalist; accessed Sep 2023 [on Calendula sp.]); "Alqueidão da Serra [39°36'29.7"N 8°46'02.6"W 39.608260, -8.767400, Porto de Mós], 7 May 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/115987396 - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3772500034 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/vproenca in iNaturalist; accessed Sep 2023 [on Calendula sp.]).

Estremadura (E)

Grande Lisboa / Greater Lisbon: "Praia das Maçãs [freguesia de Colares, concelho de Sintra], (parasita da mesma Calendula, Welwitsch!)" (Guimarães 1904: 151, loc. class. of O. mauretanica var. welwitschii); "Praia das Maçãs" (Coutinho 1913: 569, sub O. mauretanica subsp. calendulae); "Praia das Maçãs (Welwitsch nach Guimarães)" (Beck 1930: 190, sub O. mauretanica var. welwitschii Guimarães, l. c. 151. Forma 5. genuina Guimarães, l. c. 151 pro subvar. = var. Welwitschii Guim); Sintra: Cabo da Roca (junto al faro, pr. Azóia), junto a C. suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis, algunos ejemplares aquí, más bien en el comienzo de la floración (la misma planta que se vio en la Serra da Arrábida), L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 29.04.2006 (obs.); Sintra: Cabo da Roca (junto al faro, pr. Azóia), 38°46'52.9"N 9°29'52.5"W 38.781361, -9.497914 [29SNC0260], 130 m, junto a C. suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis entre una maraña de Carpobrotus sp. que invade la vegetación propia del cabo, G. Moreno Moral, 28-IV-2013 (obs.); Lisboa, Cascais, Cresmina [Praia da Crismina] (pr. Areia), 38°43'39.6"N 9°28'28.6"W 38.727678, -9.474603 [29SNC0260], 150, junto a C. suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis en borde de duna junto a la ctra., G. Moreno Moral, 28-IV-2013 (obs. [pocos ejemplares, en plena floración]); "2530 Lourinhã [39°16'50.1"N 9°20'06.1"W 39.280590, -9.335035], 7 Jun 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/48958807 - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/2802561789 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/zaca in iNaturalist; accessed Sep 2023).

Setúbal District: Setúbal, entre Picoto y el Alto do Poiso do Cortiço (sobre Portinho da Arrábida, Serra da Arrábida), 29SNC0260, 380 m, sobre (!) Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0075/2006, 28.04.2006 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12520); Setúbal, between Picoto and the Alto do Poiso do Cortiço (above Portinho da Arrábida, Serra da Arrábida), 29SNC0260, 380 m, parasitic on (!) C. suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis [C. suffruticosa Vahl], L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0075/2006, 28 April 2006 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12521); Setúbal, junto al Convento da Arrábida —sobre Portinho da Arrábida, Serra da Arrábida—, 29SNC0058, 280 m, aparentemente sobre C. suffruticosa subsp. lusitanica (Boiss.) Nyman [C. suffruticosa Vahl] en la cuneta, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0080/2006, 29.04.2006 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12527); "N379-1, Portugal [38°28'50.0"N 8°59'23.0"W 38.480556, -8.989722, São Lourenço], 19 Mar 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21389941 by Adélia Vaz in iNaturalist; accessed Sep 2023 [on Calendula sp.]); "Caparica, 2825 Caparica [38°40'30.1"N 9°13'14.8"W 38.675016, -9.220767 (Almada), near Trafaria], 11 Apr 2021" ( https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73624600 by Mário Estevens, sub O. minor, in iNaturalist, accessed Aug 2023 [sub O. calendulae, on Calendula sp.?]).

Madeira Islands (Macaronesia / Macaronésie / Makaronesien)

Desertas: "Orobanche calendulae [yellow form] / Portugal, Islas de Madeira: Madeira, isla Deserta Grande, subida a la meseta, 32º 30’ 41’’ N, 16º 30’ 13’’ W, 400 m, C. Aedo (23-III-2007)" (O. calendulae in Anthos (Proyecto) accessed Jun 2016).

Porto Santo Island: Porto Santo (Hansen 1969).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Chater & Webb 1972: 291, sub O. calendulae [incl. O. mauretanica]; Greuter & al. 1989; Foley 2001; Pujadas 2002; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010)

Cádiz (Ca): San Roque —pr. villa del mismo nombre—, 29STF8510, 50 m, sobre (!) Solanum bonariense L., ruderal (suelos más o menos removidos), J.A. García Rojas, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0042C/2004, 10.04.2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11754C).

Málaga (Ma): "TF96 Cueva de la Pileta, 21-V-1974, Smythies (Herb. LTR 918)" (Smythies 1976: 100, sub O. calendulae); Benaoján, junto a la Cueva de la Pileta (pr. Benaoján), 30STF9763, 710 m, entre rocas calizas, G. Moreno Moral MM0039/2011, 16-V-2011 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13674 [solo había un ejemplar y estaba ya bastante estropeado. Las flores eran amarillentas]).

Canarias, Islas / Canary Islands / Kanarische Inseln (Macaronesia / Macaronésie / Makaronesien)

Lanzarote [unconfirmed]: 1. "Herbariu Groninganum D 5349 / Orobanche cf. cernua / Det. Andreas / Canarische eilanden / Lanzarote; W. zijde Famara complex / ... / Leg. C.H. Andreas & H.D. Schotsman / III-1972". 2. "Orobanche barbata Poiret? / Det. F.M. Muller, 1986" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141402 - WAG 1141402.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2517714053; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017, sub Phelipanche gratiosa); "Esta especie aparece algo frecuente en ciertas zonas del macizo montañoso del norte de Lanzarote, asociada a Andryala glandulosa Lam., y de forma más ocasional en el Parque Nacional de Timanfaya ... Lanzarote: picones al norte de Montaña Pedro Perico, Timanfaya, 2-5-1994, A. Marrero y M. González-Martín, (LPA: 018063); vueltas de Malpaso, Haría, 7-5-1995, A. Marrero y A. Carrasco, (LPA: 018064, duplic. in MA, ORT) (Marrero & al. 1995: 102-103, sub O. calendulae [the mentioned host-plant is not typical of this species]).

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