Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 23 August 2023


Accepted Name:

Orobanche balsensis (J.A. Guim.) Carlón, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor. & Ó. Sánchez in Flora Montiber. 60: 39 (2015 [May 2015])

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

 Orobanche loricata var. synomora subvar. balsensis J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 163[-164] (1904)

 Orobanche loricata f. balsensis (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 200 (1930)

Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162[-163] (1904). Syn.: Orobanche loricata var. synomora subvar. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 163[-164] (1904). Ind. loc.: "β. 1 (O.) synomora Guim.". Portugal, "Algarve: Serra de Monchique: Foia [Fóia mountain (Faro District)] (sobre a Carlina sp., Welwitsch!); na charneca arenosa do Cabo de S. Vicente [Vila do Bispo (Faro District)] (fórma de transição para a O. Picridis Schultz, com as antheras mais curtamente mucronadas, Welwitsch!)" (Guimarães 1904: 164). Type: 1. "Flor. Algarb. Nº 944 / Orobanche / In aditionibus jugei Foiae / in Carlina (spec. abundem vulgatinisime) radicibus ... / (volemen tota) / 26 Jun (1)847". – 2. "Flor. Algarb. Nº 969 / Orobanche / In dumetis sabulosis de Cabo de S. Vicente Maio (1)847". – 3. "Escola Polytechnica / ... / O. loricata Reich. / β. 1 (O.) synomora Guim.". – 4. "Escola Polytechnica / Orobanche amethystea, Thuill. / ... / P.C. [António Xavier Pereira Coutinho]" (LISU 34657). "Lectotype [designated here (hic designatus)]: LISU 34657 [Flor. Algarb. Nº 944 / Orobanche / In adition ... Foiae / in Carlina ... / ... / ... / 26 Jun (1)847]" (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis)

= Orobanche loricata var. synomora subvar. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 163[-164] (1904). Syn.: Orobanche loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162[-163] (1904). Ind. loc.: "β. 1 (O.) synomora Guim.". Portugal, "Algarve: Serra de Monchique: Foia [Fóia mountain (Faro District)] (sobre a Carlina sp., Welwitsch!); na charneca arenosa do Cabo de S. Vicente (fórma de transição para a O. Picridis Schultz, com as antheras mais curtamente mucronadas, Welwitsch!)" (Guimarães 1904: 164). "Lectotype [designated here (hic designatus)]: LISU 34657 [Flor. Algarb. Nº 944 / Orobanche / In adition ... Foiae / in Carlina ... / ... / ... / 26 Jun (1)847]" (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis)

= Orobanche loricata f. synomora (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 200 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162[-163] (1904)

= Orobanche lusitanica J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162 (1904), nom. nud., in schedis (Guimarães 1904: 162, "in litteris et in schedis"; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis). Syn.: Orobanche loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162[-163] (1904)

= Orobanche pseudoloricata J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162 (1904), nom. nud., in schedis (Guimarães 1904: 162, "in litteris et in schedis"; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis). Syn.: Orobanche loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 162[-163] (1904)

? = Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 174 (1904). Syn.: Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata f. genuina J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 174 (1904), nom. inval.; Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata subvar. strangulata J.A. Guim. Ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 212 (1930). Ind. loc.: «"γ I (O.) strangulata Guim.". Portugal, "Centro littoral:—Otta [Ota (Alenquer, Lisbon District)] (juncto da Carlina sp., Welwitsch!) / Algarve:— Estoy [Estoi, Faro District] (A. Guimarães!)". Lectotype [designated here (hic designatus)]: LISU 34683 (Orobanche / Tota sordida purpu-/reo – violacea / auf Carlina / ... Otta [Ota (Alenquer, Lisbon District)] junio [1]848) !)"» (Guimarães 1904: 178; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis)

? = Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata f. genuina J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 174 (1904), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3). Ind. loc.: «"γ I (O.) strangulata Guim.". Portugal, "Centro littoral:—Otta [Ota (Alenquer, Lisbon District)] (juncto da Carlina sp., Welwitsch!) / Algarve:— Estoy [Estoi, Faro District] (A. Guimarães!)". Lectotype [designated here (hic designatus)]: LISU 34683 (Orobanche / Tota sordida purpu-/reo – violacea / auf Carlina / ... Otta [Ota (Alenquer, Lisbon District)] junio [1]848) !)"» (Guimarães 1904: 178; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis)

? = Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata subvar. strangulata J.A. Guim. Ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 212 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 174 (1904); Orobanche minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata f. genuina J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 174 (1904), nom. inval.

? = Orobanche densiflora var. macraixma J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 144 (1904) ["γ. (O.) macraixma Guim., nov. var."]. Syn.: Orobanche densiflora var. genuina f. macraixma (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 195 (1930). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Centro littoral: — Arredores de Lisboa: Tapada da Ajuda (parasita da Carlina corymbosa L., Welwitsch! 1846)" (Guimarães 1904: 147). Obs. see Orobanche densiflora Salzm. ex Bertol.

? = Orobanche densiflora var. genuina f. macraixma (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 195 (1930)

Misapplied names:

Orobanche minor auct., non Orobanche minor Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 422 [t. 422] (1796-1797)

Orobanche minor [race / ecotype] "on Carlina corymbosa" sensu Thorogood, Rumsey, Harris & Hiscock in Plant Syst. Evol. 282(1-2): 37[-38] f. 4f (2009). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "on Cape St Vincent"

Orobanche amethystea auct., Orobanche amethystea Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris ed. 2: 317 (1799)

Orobanche artemisiae-campestris auct., Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 4: 179 (1829 [Jan-Jul 1829])

Orobanche castellana auct., Orobanche castellana Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847)

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Ind. loc.: "β. 2 (O.) balsensis Guim.". Portugal, "Algarve: Nas collinas aridas proximo de Tavira (parasita da Carlina corymbosa L., Welwitsch!)" (Guimarães 1904: 164, sub O. loricata var. synomora subvar. balsensis; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis).

Typus / Type: 1. "Flor. Algarb. Nº 780 / Orobanche / ad radices Carlina hispanicae parasitic / pr. Tavira in collinis aridis. / Eadem plantae etiam in agro Olisipo [Lisboa] ad ... Carlina radices legi, et ca Beira austr. [Beira Baixa] vidi / maio [1]847)". – 2. "Escola Polytechnica / ... / O. loricata Reich. / β. 2 (O.) balsensis Guim.". – 3. "Escola Polytechnica / Orobanche amethystea, Thuill. / ... / P.C. [António Xavier Pereira Coutinho]" (LISU 34658). "Lectotype [designated here (hic designatus)]: LISU 34658 (Flor. Algarb. Nº 780 / Orobanche / ad radices Carlina hispanicae parasitic / pr. Tavira in collinis aridis. / ... / maio [1]847)" (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis).

Designated by: L. Carlón, M. Laínz, M., G. Moreno Moral & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja in Fl. Montiber. 60: 39 (2015 [May 2015]).

Host:

Asteraceae Bercht. & J. Presl (= Compositae Giseke)

Carlina corymbosa L. (Guimarães 1904: 164, sub O. loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. subvar. balsensis; Carlón & al. 2015: 40, sub O. balsensis; Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis).

Comments:

Description: (Carlón & al. 2015: 40, sub O. balsensis).

Geographical Epithet: "(1) Balsensis deriva de Balsa, nome antigo de Tavira" (Guimarães 1904: 164, sub O. loricata var. synomora J.A. Guim. subvar. balsensis).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Carlón & al. 2015: 47, f. 6 [illustration with analysis], O. balsensis; b, Carlón & al. 2015: 46, f. 5, sub O. balsensis.

Distribution: Balearic Islands, France [needs to be confirmed], Portugal and Spain (Carlón & al. 2015: 46, f. 1, sub O. balsensis; Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

France / Francia / Frankreich [needs to be confirmed] (Carlón & al. 2015: 41-42, sub O. balsensis)

Corse / Corsica / Córcega / Korsika: "The case of Corsica, judging by the pictures taken in La Rondinara by J.-P. Chabert [03/05/14 2A La Rondinara Photo : JPC (on Carlina sp.)]" (http://kalliste.flora.free.fr/ - http://kalliste.flora.free.fr/visiteur/genres_rep.php, sub O. mimor)"; "Zonza (Corse-du-Sud - France) le 10.07.2008 sur Asteraceae" (photos, sub O. minor var. compositarum, by Jean-Marc Moingeon in Pharmanatur.com, accessed Feb 2014 [on Carlina sp.]).

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Portugal (Guimarães 1904: 164, loc. class. of O. loricata var. synomora subvar. balsensis; Guimarães 1904: 164, loc. class. of O. loricata var. synomora subvar. synomora; Guimarães 1904: 178, loc. class. of O. minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata f. genuina; Guimarães 1904: 147, loc. class. of O. densiflora var. macraixma; Thorogood & al. 2009: 37[-38] f. 4f, sub O. minor [race / ecotype] "on Carlina corymbosa"; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis)

Algarve (Ag)

Faro District: 1. "Flor. Algarb. Nº 780 / Orobanche / ad radices Carlina hispanicae parasitic / pr. Tavira in collinis aridis. / Eadem plantae etiam in agro Olisipo [Lisboa] ad ... Carlina radices legi, et ca Beira austr. [Beira Baixa] vidi / maio [1]847)". – 2. "Escola Polytechnica / ... / O. loricata Reich. / β. 2 (O.) balsensis Guim.". – 3. "Escola Polytechnica / Orobanche amethystea, Thuill. / ... / P.C. [António Xavier Pereira Coutinho]" (LISU 34658, lectotype of O. loricata var. synomora subvar. balsensis); 1. "Flor. Algarb. Nº 944 / Orobanche / In aditionibus jugei Foiae / in Carlina (spec. abundem vulgatinisime) radicibus ... / (volemen tota) / 26 Jun (1)847". – 2. "Flor. Algarb. Nº 969 / Orobanche / In dumetis sabulosis de Cabo de S. Vicente Maio (1)847". – 3. "Escola Polytechnica / ... / O. loricata Reich. / β. 1 (O.) synomora Guim.". – 4. "Escola Polytechnica / Orobanche amethystea, Thuill. / ... / P.C. [António Xavier Pereira Coutinho]" (LISU 34657, lectotype of O. loricata var. synomora subvar. synomora); "Algarve: Nas collinas aridas proximo de Tavira (parasita da Carlina corymbosa L., Welwitsch!)" (Guimarães 1904: 164, loc. class. of O. loricata var. synomora subvar. balsensis); "Algarve: Serra de Monchique: Foia [Fóia mountain] (sobre a Carlina sp., Welwitsch!); na charneca arenosa do Cabo de S. Vicente [Vila do Bispo] (fórma de transição para a O. Picridis Schultz, com as antheras mais curtamente mucronadas, Welwitsch!)" (Guimarães 1904: 164, loc. class. of O. loricata var. synomora subvar. synomora); "Algarve:— Estoy [Estoi, Faro District] (A. Guimarães!)" (Guimarães 1904: 178, loc. class. of O. minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata f. genuina); "on Cape St Vincent" (Thorogood & al. 2009: 37[-38] f. 4f, sub O. minor [race / ecotype] "on Carlina corymbosa"); "29SNA0197, Vila do Bispo, Laginha, near Cabo de São Vicente, not far from Sagres, 60 m, parasitic on (!) C. corymbosa in the clearings of the scrub, on stony soils, 29-IV-2013, G. Moreno Moral MM0041/2013 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13841); 29SNB9001, Mata do Pontal, near Gambelas, but in the concelho of Loulé, 25 m, beside C. corymbosa in a grassy wayside, 1- V-2014, G. Moreno Moral MM0007/2014 et MM0008/2014 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13963 et 13964); 29SNB9102, Mata do Pontal, south from Vale da Venda, above the bed of stream Biogal, 30 m, parasitic on C. corymbosa in a shady slope under pine trees, 2-V-2014, G. Moreno Moral MM0011/2014 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13967)" (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis); "Faro [37°02'05.4"N 7°58'45.0"W 37.034837, -7.979177, Montenegro], 4 Apr 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/41415425 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/jmneiva, sub O. minor Sm., in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023 [sub O. balsensis, on Carlyna sp.?]).

Alto Alentejo (AAl) [Alentejo Region]

Évora District: "Évora [38°31'12.0"N 8°00'59.0"W 38.520000, -8.016389, Nossa Sra. da Tourega], 29 Apr 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/75637233 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4091533365 in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023 [sub O. cf. balsensis]).

Estremadura (E)

Grande Lisboa / Greater Lisbon: 1. "Orobanche major. 384 / minor ? / St. José [São José], April 1794" – 2. "Orobanche minor / Lusitania prope Olisiponam [Lisbon / Lisboa] / : Withering [Withering William] / def Rob. Brown / Herbarium Martii" (http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000031268288 - BR 0000031268288.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4072904885; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023 [sub O. cf. balsensis]); 1. "... purpurea ... ramosa.-". – 2. "Orobanche minor / Lusitania prope Olisiponam [Lisbon / Lisboa] / : Withering [Withering William] / def Rob. Brown / Herbarium Martii" (http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000031268295 - https://oxalis.br.fgov.be/images/BR0/000/031/268/295/BR0000031268295.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4072994680; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023 [the left specimen seems to correspond to O. cf. balsensis and the right specimen apparently corresponds to P. cf. rosmarina]); "Centro littoral:—Otta [Ota (Alenquer, Lisbon District)] (juncto da Carlina sp., Welwitsch!) ... Lectotype [designated here (hic designatus)]: LISU 34683 (Orobanche / Tota sordida purpu-/reo – violacea / auf Carlina / ... Otta [Ota (Alenquer, Lisbon District)] junio [1]848) !)"» (Guimarães 1904: 178, loc. class. of O. minor subsp. neglecta var. strangulata f. genuina; Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis); "Centro littoral: — Arredores de Lisboa: Tapada da Ajuda (parasita da Carlina corymbosa L., Welwitsch! 1846)" (Guimarães 1904: 147, loc. class. of O. densiflora var. macraixma); "Arribas Areia Branca - Paimogo [39°16'54.8"N 9°21'08.7"W 39.281877, -9.352411, Lourinhã, Lisbon District], 10 Jun 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50477160 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/zaca in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [on Carlina sp.]).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis; Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis)

Baleares, Islas / Balears, Illes / Balearic Islands [formerly known as Palma de Mallorca Province] (PM)] (Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis)

Cabrera / Cabrera: "Del Castillo a sa Punta de sa Creueta, P. Palau Ferrer, 31 May 1947 (MA 115012)" (Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis).

Mallorca / Majorca (Mll): "Artà, garrigue près de l’ermita de Betlem, sur Carlina corymbosa, 13 May 1977, J. Duvigneaud 77E226, J. Lambinon & R. Renard (BR 611274 [http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000006112745 - https://oxalis.br.fgov.be/images/BR0/000/006/112/745/BR0000006112745.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3033591466], sub Orobanche loricata Rchb., groupe O. minor); Escorca: Puig Major [Serra de Tramuntana], vessant SE, 31SDE8206, 1350 m, karstic depressions, growing on Carlina corymbosa, 1 July 2016, L. Sáez LS-7732 (BCB); Escorca, Sa Rateta, 31SDE8102, 850 m, grassy slopes, growing on Carlina corymbosa, 3 July 2020, E. Guasp & L. Sáez LS-7885 (BC 984619) (Figure 5); Escorca, Penyal des Migdia, c. Coll de Coma de n’Arbona, 31SDE8105, 1211 m, open scrub, growing on Carlina corymbosa, 17 June 2021, L. Sáez LS-7945 (BC 984625) (Figure 6)" (Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis).

Menorca / Minorca [Mn]: "6 May 1975, (AMD 84143 [https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84143 - AMD 84143.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513062172], sub Orobanche minor [growing on Carlina]); Maó [Mahón], Sa Mesquida 31SFE1018, 20 m, 25 Apr 2003, G. Moreno Moral MM0052/03, (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11207)" (Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis), "Minorca, Mahón [39°55'33.6"N 4°16'53.3"E 39.926012, 4.281470, Punta d'en Frare, Sa Mesquida], 14 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/160787849 by Konrad and Roland Greinwald in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023 [on Carlina?] (Saez & al. 2022: 41, sub O. balsensis)).

Cádiz / Cadiz (Ca): "30STF8315, San Roque, southern slope of Cerro del Águila, Pinar del Rey, near San Roque, 110 m, parasitic on C. corymbosa on sandy soils in the clearings of a pine grove, 15-V-2011, J.A. García Rojas, G. Moreno Moral, F. Muñoz Secilla & G. Velasco Cintrano MM0033/2011 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13668); 30STF8468, Benaocaz, above the Cortijo de la Fuentezuela, near Benaocaz, 860 m, beside C. corymbosa on soils shaded by holm oaks by the path to the Tajo del Cabrero, 13-VI-2013, L. Carlón & G. Moreno Moral MM0094/2013 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13882)" (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis).

Málaga (Ma): "30STF8741, Gaucín, la Almuña, 400 m, parasitic on C. corymbosa in sunny meadows but under the shadow of scattered holm oaks, 23-V-2004, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0097/2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11852 & 11853)" (Carlón & al. 2015: 39, sub O. balsensis).

Sevilla / Seville (Se): "41704 Dos Hermanas [37°19'10.8"N 5°56'44.5"W 37.319667, -5.945694, Montequinto], 8 Apr 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73303658 by Alejandro Serrano in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [typical specimens on Carlina corymbosa, very illustrative images]); "41704 Dos Hermanas [37°19'10.4"N 5°56'44.6"W 37.319559, -5.945707, Montequinto], 17 Apr 2021" https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/74344278 by Santiago Martín-Bravo in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [typical specimens on Carlina corymbosa]).

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References.

Carlón, L., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G. & Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. 2015 [May 2015]. The overlooked Orobanche balsensis (J.A.Guim.) comb. nov., and some remarks on O. subbaetica Triano & A. Pujadas. Flora Montiber. 60: 38-53. ISSN: 1138-5952, edic. digital: 1998-799X. URL http://www.floramontiberica.org/FM/060/Flora_Montib_060_038-053_2015.pdf - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275886755.

Guimarães, J. d’A. 1904. Monographia das Orobanchaceas. Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 3: 1-208. Lisboa : Papelaria La Bécarre Typographia. 47, Rua Nova do Almada, 49. [Brotéria 4: 4-208, lám. 1-14 (1904)]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/10220.

Saez, L., Serapio, J., Medina, L., Lloret, F., Guasp, E., Vicens, M., Costa, S., Valls, P., Moreno Moral, G., Domínguez, L.A., Bibiloni, G., Rita, J., & Romero Zarco, C.M. 2022 [Oct 2022]. Nuevos datos florísticos, correcciones y otras notas fitogeográficas de las Islas Baleares. Acta Bot. Malac. 47: 35-48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24310/abm.v47i.15363. URL: https://revistas.uma.es/index.php/abm/article/view/15363 - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/366517862.

Thorogood, C.J., Rumsey, F.J. & Hiscock, J. 2009 [26 Feb 2009]. Host-specific races in the holoparasitic angiosperm Orobanche minor: implications for speciation in parasitic plants. Ann. Bot. 103(7): 1005-1014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcp034. URL: https://academic.oup.com/aob/article/103/7/1005/103979 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2707918.

Thorogood, C.J., Rumsey, F.J., Harris, S.A. & Hiscock, J. 2009 [Sep 2009]. Gene flow between alien and native races of the holoparasitic angiosperm Orobanche minor (Orobanchaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 282 (1-2): 31-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-009-0204-6. URL: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00606-009-0204-6.pdf.

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