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ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 12 May 2024


Accepted Name:

Orobanche reticulata Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 42 (1825)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche reticulata Wallr. subsp. reticulata [autonym (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 26.3)]

Orobanche reticulata subsp. reticulata (Wallr.) Hayek in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 151 (1914), comb. superfl. Hosts: "Besonders auf Carduus defloratus, aber auch auf Cirsium Erisithales, Scabiosa lucida, Carlina acaulis, Knautia silvatica" (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata)

Orobanche platystigma subsp. reticulata (Wallr.) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 798 (1937), nom. illeg. [O. reticulata subsp. reticulata (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 26.3)]

Orobanche reticulata var. typica (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 160 (1930) ["Var. γ. typica"], nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3) [O. reticulata var. reticulata (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)]

Orobanche reticulata f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 219, t. 4, f. 67(2) (1890) ["Formas ... 3. typica = Orobanche reticulata Wallroth"], nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3) [O. reticulata var. reticulata (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Koch 1833: 441, sub O. Scabiosae). Syn: Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) (Koch 1833: 441, sub O. Scabiosae); Orobanche scabiosae-columbariae [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830), nom. superfl.; = Orobanche minor Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 422 [t. 422] (1796-1797)

Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) ["Dub. mss."]. Syn.: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]; = Orobanche minor Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 422 [t. 422] (1796-1797)

Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Koch 1833: 441; Wimmer 1857: 412). Syn.: Catodiacrum pallidiflorum (Wimm. & Grab.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867); Orobanche reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Hayek in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 151 (1914); Orobanche platystigma subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 797 (1937); Orobanche reticulata var. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 159 (1930); Orobanche reticulata f. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 218, t. 4, f. 67(1) (1890); = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Nyman 1881: 559); = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842) (Kreutz 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora); = Orobanche leucantha Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2 : 57 (1844) (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159); = Orobanche cirsii-oleracei Casp. in Schrift. Phys. Ges. Koenigsb. 2: 46, t. 1 B (1861) (Beck 1890: 218); = Orobanche scabiosae var. elatior Molendo, Flora: 483 (1857) (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159); Orobanche reticulata Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 42 (1825) (Chater & Webb 1972: 290 "incl. O. pallidiflora"; Greuter & al. 1989: 264, sub O. reticulata; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 265, sub O. reticulata; Zázvorka 2000: 496, sub O. reticulata; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 286, sub O. reticulata; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 67, sub O. reticulata). Ind. loc.: Poland: "Hab. in arvis. Unicum, exemplar, muper repertum in agro novali prope Koberwitz [Kobierzyce, Wrocław County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship]; praeterea in herbario asservamus plura exemplaria silesiaca illi plane conformia, loco natali non admotato. Mem se Junio exeunte laete florebat" (Wimmer & Grabowski 1829: 234); "Wir fanden diese Art, welche mit O.speciosa De Cand. sehr nahe übereinkommt, in einigen Exemplaren auf einem Brachacker zwischen Koberwitz [Kobierzyce, Wrocław County] und Wirrwitz [Wierzbice, Wrocław County] bei Br. [Wrocław / Breslau], wahrscheinlich auf den Wurzeln von Cirsium arvense; in Günther's Sammlung befinden sich ausserdem mehrere gleichfalls in Schlesien ohne genauere Bezeichnung des Standortes gesammelte." (Wimmer 1857: 413); "Unicum exemplar nuper repertum in agro novali prope Koberwitz; praeterea in herbario asservamus plura exemplaria silesiaca ille plane conformia loco natali non adnotato" (Reichenbach 1862: 94; Биоразнообразие Алтае-Саянского экорегиона. 2007-2010 Южно-Сибирский Ботанический сад АлтГУ, accessed Sep 2012). Ic: Reichenbach fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 94, t. 168 (1862); Beck 1890: t. 4, f. 67(1); Kreutz 1995: 126, 127, sub O. pallidiflora. Obs. according to some authors (e.g., Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958[2000]: 89[115]; Kreutz 1995: 126), it would be considered a different species which grows in the low altitude regions. Herbarium Specimens: "Fundnummer: 100299106 // Nr. 6415 / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. ssp. pallidiflora (Wimm. et Grab.) / det-rev: Hans Metlesics / Österreich, Schneeberg; Krummbachgraben / 1100 m / 24.08.1947 / leg: Hans Metlesics / Bild Nummer: 00016770 (https://www.zobodat.at/belege.php?id=100299106 - LI 283757 - 00016770.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); Niederösterreich, Spitzerberg bei Prellenkirchen; flach südexp., 22.6.1952, leg. Hans Metlesics (https://www.zobodat.at/belege.php?id=100301931 - LI - 283721 - 00016769.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013)

= Orobanche platystigma Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 31 (1829) (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95, "Rchb. Exc. 353", sub O. platystigma Rchb.). Syn: Orobanche reticulata Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 42 (1825) (Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma; Beck 1930: 160, sub O. reticulata var. typica; Greuter & al. 1989: 264, sub O. reticulata; Kreutz 1995: 136, sub O. reticulata; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 67, sub O. reticulata). Ind. loc.: Austria: "crescit in Salisburgo ... Trattberg: Hinterhuber [Trattberg is a mountain at east of Kuchl village and southeast of Salzburg city, Salzburg State]" (Reichenbach 1829: 31). Herbarium Specimens: 1. "O. platystigma pl. crit. / VII pag. 31 ... / Fl. germ. no. 2409. Salzbg. / ex herbario Reichenbachiano". – 2. "... Herbarium (WU) / Flora von Österreich [W. Gutermann (WU):] Original exemplar (? Syntypus) von / O. platystigma Reichenbach (1829)" (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=518746 - https://wu.jacq.org/WU0077715 - WU 0077715.jpg - http://131.130.131.10/djatoka/jacq-viewer/viewer.html?rft_id=wu_0077715&identifiers=wu_0077715 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1830990333; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013); "2547. Orobanche platystigma Rchb. / Rchb. Fl. exc. 2409. / Wälder bei Orawitza [Oravița / Oravicabánya / Orawitz / Oravice / Oravica / Оравица, Romania] auf Cytisus elongatus. Wierzcicki." (http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000031268639 - https://oxalis.br.fgov.be/images/BR0/000/031/268/639/BR0000031268639.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4072502527; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013 [calyx-segments bidentate, see O. bartligii])

Orobanche scabiosae-columbariae [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830), nom. superfl. Syn: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]; Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828); = Orobanche minor Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 422 [t. 422] (1796-1797)

= Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Greuter & al. 1989: 264, sub O. reticulata). Syn.: Orobanche reticulata subsp. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Dostál in Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 12 (1984); Orobanche platystigma var. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma); Orobanche reticulata var. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 160 (1930); Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Nyman 1881: 559; Zázvorka 2000: 498, sub O. reticulata); = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842) (Beck 1930: 160); = Orobanche mathenii F.W. Schultz in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 2: 857 (1844) (Beck 1930: 160); = Orobanche antirrhina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 21 (1847) (Beck 1930: 160); = Orobanche serotina Kirschl. in Jahresber. Pollichia 3: 14 (1845) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma); = Orobanche psilandra K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 668 (1849) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma); = Orobanche pallidiflora "β" [var.] cirsii (Fr.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 496 (1864) (Beck 1930: 160). Ind. loc: Germany: "Sie wurde von Dr. Karl Schimper auf lehmigen Aeckern in der Gegend von Mannheim in der Rheinpfalz [Palatinate] gefunden: bei Neckerau, bei dem Lindenhof, bei Rennersgut und am Wege nach dem Neckerauer Walde neben dem Rheine. Der Entdecker kannte damals die Wichtigkeit der Nachforschung nach der Pflanze, worauf diese Orobanche wächst, noch nicht, und versäumte darnach zu suchen, so dafs die Mutterpflanze jetzt noch unbekannt ist. Ich selbst fand Ein Exemplar am Rheine bei Mannheim gleich unter der Rheinschanze nach Obau zu, versäumte aber ebenfalls die Mutterpflanze zu untersuchen. Sie blühete, so viel ich mich erinnere, im Juni." (Koch 1833: 438); "Parasitica in radice Cirsii arvensis, in agris Palatinatus prope Manheim [Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg]. (v. s.)" (Reuter 1847: 16). Ic.: Reichenbach fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 95, t. 166 (1862); "67269 Grünstadt [49°34'20.0"N 8°09'02.4"E 49.572215, 8.150673, near Mannheim (see Rhineland-Palatinate)], 6 Jun 2022" (https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3858452707 - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/120515773 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/wormsy in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora [deep yellow flowers]). Herbarium Specimens: "F. Schultz, herbarium normale, nov. ser. Cent. 12 / 1196. Orobanche procera Koch in dutsch. fl. / IV. 438. / 17. Junio 1846. / Supra Cirs. arv. [Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.] prope Neckarau [Mannheim]. Germania / Leg. Möhler" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384621 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384621 - P 04384621.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464824800 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/205F81289B68427C95B3FA0FB791E09E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Florae Galliae et Germaniae exsiccata. / 1112, Orobanche procera K. in d. Fl. 4 p. 438; / K. Syn. 613 / 17 Juin 1846. /  Sur le Cirsium arvense dans les champs argileux de I' al- / luvion de la plaine, surtout dans les chanvričres, prč de / Neckarau aux environs de Mannheim / Déc- C. Schimper, rec. E. Moehler" (http://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816793 - L 2816793.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019); "2368. Orobanche procera Koch / D. Fl. IV. p. 438. Rchb. Fl. germ. Novit.- Doell / Rhein. Flora p. 3 47. / Auf Aeckern bei Mannheim auf Cirsium arvense. / Prof. Doell. // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03810706 - P 03810706.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/04/02/3/P03810706.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/607821644 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9A85A844144D4E8D931049DCE6D9BC52; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora; Beck 1890: 222, "Reichenbach, Exsicc. nr. 2368 (O. procera) !"; Rouy 1909: 172, "Exs. Reichb. 2368", sub O. platystigma)), idem (http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000031269049 - https://oxalis.br.fgov.be/images/BR0/000/031/269/049/BR0000031269049.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4072398838; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023). Obs. "Reichenbach, Exsicc. nr. 2368 (O. procera) !" (Beck 1890: 222); "Exs. Reichb. 2368" (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma)

= Orobanche scabiosae W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 440 (1833) (Grenier 1853: 633, sub O. Scabiosae; Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica, "vidi exempl. originalia in herb. Berol."; Hayek 1914: 150, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 160, sub O. reticulata var. typica; Kreutz 1995: 136, sub O. reticulata). Syn: Orobanche scabioshaerens St.-Lag. in Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 131 (1880); Orobanche scabiosifixa St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889). Ind. loc.: "Die Orobanche Scabiosae wurde von Berger bei Berchtesgaden [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern, Germany / Deutschland] auf Scabiosa columbaria entdeckt v. Spitzl fand sie auf der Mitter kaseralpe [Mitterkaser Alpe, N 47° 34' 40'' E 12° 56' 33''] bei Lofer [Pinzgau, Salzburg State, Austria] 5500' hoch. Die Blülhezeit ist bei den getrockneten Exemplaren nicht beigemerkt" (Koch 1833: 441, sub O. Scabiosae)"

= Orobanche seyserensis F.W. Schultz, Flora (Regensb.) 16(2): 602 (1833) ["mihi (6000 Fufs hoch, mit Epithymum DC. verwandt)"], nom. nud. (Beck 1890: 220). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata f. atrata (Sauter) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890). Ind. loc.: Italy: "mihi (6000 Fufs hoch, mit Epithymum DC. verwandt) [Seyseralpe in Tyrol (Alpe di Siusi [Seis am Schlern / Siusi allo Sciliar, South Tyrol / Bolzano])]"

= Orobanche bracteata Weinm. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 10(7): 65 (1837), non Orobanche bracteata Viv. in Ann. Stor. Nat. 4: 235 (1830). Syn: Orobanche weinmannii Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 2: 231 (1841), nom. nov.; = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958[2000]: 89[115]). Ind. loc.: Russia / Россия, Tambov Oblast / Тамбовская область: "Hanc indicem herbarum, ab alumno meo, O. Thoermer in regione Tamboviae ab anno 1835 ad 1836 usque collectarum" (Weinmann 1837: 51)

= Orobanche weinmannii Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 2: 231 (1841) ["Weinmanni. Steud." (Shenzhen Code Art 60.1)], nom. nov. Syn: Orobanche bracteata Weinm. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 10(7): 65 (1837), non Orobanche bracteata Viv. in Ann. Stor. Nat. 4: 235 (1830) (Steudel 1841: 231); = Orobanche weinmannii Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 222 (1890), nom. nov. [nom. illg.]; = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958[2000]: 89[115]). Ind. loc.: Russia / Россия: Russia (Steudel 1841: 231); "In Rossia media prope Tambow [Tambov / Тамбов, Tambov Oblast / Тамбовская область]" (Beck 1890: 222)

= Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842). Syn: Orobanche mathenii F.W. Schultz in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 2: 857 (1844), nom. nov.; Orobanche mathesii Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 559 (1881), pro syn. (Nyman 1881: 559); Orobanche pallidiflora subsp. cirsii (Fr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 559 (1881 [Jul 1881]); Orobanche pallidiflora var. cirsii (Fr.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 496 (1864 [Apr 1864]); Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Kreutz 1995: 124); = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Beck 1930: 160). Ind. loc.: Sweden: "In radicibus Cirsii heterophylli [Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill (Carduus heterophyllus L.)]. In monte Hunneberg Vestrogothiae [Vänersborg Municipality, Västergötland / Westrogothie] (1841, 1842) detexit feliciss. plantarum rariorum indagator Cl. Mathesius" (Fries 1842: 58). Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Orobanche cirsii Fr. Mant. III. / Vestrogoth. [Västergötland / Westrogothie, Sweden] Mösserberg, in Cirs. heteroph. Jul. / Leg. Mathesius. / Jam ante plura decennia l. c. leg. Gyllenhaal, sed pro O. majori in Mscr. sumsit.". 2. "Eliae Fries Herb. Normale Suecicum / Fasc. XI  nş, 24" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384629 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384629 - P 04384629.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464676510 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/2752676DAD654B5BA836BECBC7092AB2; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013, syntype). Ic.: Reichenbach fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 95, t. 211, f. 1-7 (1862); G.C. Oeder, Flora Danica, Hft 46, t. 2725 (1761-1883) (plantillustrations 110654 in Plant illustrations, accessed Sep 2012). Obs. "Fr. hb. norm. XI. 24." (Nyman 1881: 559); "Fries, Exscc. fasc. XI" (Beck 1890: 222)

? = Orobanche leucantha Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2 : 57 (1844 [Jul 1844]). Syn: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159). Ind. loc: Greece: "In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Όρος Άθως / Oros Athos, Macedonia]: in castanetis umbrosis pr. Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie! Fl. Maj. Jun. M." (Beck 1890: 222; Strid 2000: 301). Ic.: Reichenbach fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 95, t. 167 [see O. bartligii] (1862). Type: Grisebach no. 545 (GOET!) (Strid 2000: 301). Obs. "stigma violaceo"

= Orobanche mathenii F.W. Schultz in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 2: 857 (1844), nom. nov. (Beck 1890: 218, "Mathesii"; Beck 1930: 160; IK, view IPNI entry). Syn: Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842); = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Beck 1930: 160). Type: Sweden: "Orobanche cirsii Fries / Westergothland [Västergötland / West Gothland]: Mösseberg / Mathesius" (O. reticulata by Arne Anderberg in Den virtuella floran. Naturhistoriska riksmuseet 1998, accessed Sep 2012). Obs. "Eine neue von Mathenius auf Cirsium heterophyllum entdeckte Orobanche ist unter dem Namen O. Cirsii beschrieben. Wenn nun Koch seine auf Cirsium arvense wachsende O. procera nach der Nährpflanze benannt hätte, so gäbe es zwei O. Cirsii. Ich habe schon andernwärts erklärt, warum man keine Orobanche nach der Nährpflanze benennen darf, und schlage daher für die von Mathenius entdeckte neue Art den Namen O. Mathenii vor."

= Orobanche serotina Kirschl. in Jahresber. Pollichia 3: 14 (1845) (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora; Beck, 1890: 219; IK view IPNI entry). Syn: = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Beck 1890: 219; Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma). Ind. loc: France: "Alsat. pr. Erstein [Bas-Rhin, Alsace / Elsass / Elsaß / Alsacia]" (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora)

? = Orobanche antirrhina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 21 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Beck 1890: 219; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958[2000]: 89[115]). Syn: = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Beck 1930: 160); = Orobanche epithymum var. major sensu Godet ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 21 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), non Orobanche epithymum var. major Čelak., Prodr. Fl. Boehm.: 341 (1871) (Reuter 1847: 21, "Godet h.!"); = Orobanche gracilis Besser ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 21 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), pro syn. et Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 318 (1849 [Jun 1849]), pro syn., non Orobanche gracilis Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 172 (1798) (Reuter 1847: 21, "Besser! in h. DC. non Smith"; Ledebour 1849: 318). Ind. loc: Ukraine: "In Podoliâ [Podolya / Поділля / Podillya / Podole / Podilia / Podolie] ad marginem sylvarum inter Zinkow [Zinkiv / Zinkow / Зиньков / Зіньків, Khmelnytskyi Oblast / Хмельницька область] et Bar [Бар, Vinnytsia Oblast / Вінницька область] rarissima (Godet! 1824)"

= Orobanche psilandra K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 668 (1849) (Beck 1890: 219; Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma; IK, view IPNI entry). Syn: = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Beck 1890: 219). Ind. loc: "Im Banate [Banat / Банат / Bánát]"

= Orobanche cardui Saut. in Flora 34: 49 (1851) ["O. Cardui m."] (Sauter 1851: 49; Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Hayek 1914: 150, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Syn: Orobanche sauteri F.W. Schultz ex Saut. in Flora 34: 49 (1851); Orobanche scabiosae var. cardui (Saut.) Saut., Flora Salzb. 2: 114 (1868). Ind. loc.: Austria: "Bereits am 17. August 1840 fand Ich am Radstadter Tauern [Radstädter Tauern Pass (1,738 m (5,702 ft) between Radstadt and Mauterndorf, Niedere Tauern range (Central Eastern Alps), State of Salzburg] in beiläufig 4500 F. Höhe auf Carduus defloratus eine Orobanche, die ich glelch für new hielt und als solche Hrn. Dr. Schultz in Bitche unter dem Namen O. Cardui m. sandte; erst jetzt bestätigte derselbe meine Ansicht mit der Bemerkung, er habe sie, da bereits eine O. Carduacearum benannt sei und die Benennung nach der Pilanze zu Verwechslungen Anlass gebe, in O. Sauteri umgetauft." (Sauter 1851: 49); "Radstadter Tauern [Radstadt Tauern] (4000') auf Carduus defloratus, 15 August 1849. Sauter!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 92). Ic.: Reichenbach fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 92, t. 219, f. 1(1-2) (1862)

= Orobanche sauteri F.W. Schultz ex Saut. in Flora 34: 49 (1851) ["O. Sauteri F. Schultz" (Shenzhen Code Art. 46.5), sauterii (Art. 60, "but not in -er")], nom. nov. (Sauter 1851: 49). Syn: Orobanche cardui Saut. in Flora 34: 49 (1851) (Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Hayek 1914: 150, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica)

= Orobanche hygrophila Brügger in Flora 38(3): 33, t. 1 f. 1-10 (1855 [Jan 1855]) ["Brügger ap. Sendtner: «Veget. Suedbay.» p. 836" (Brügger 1855: 34; Reichenbach f. 1862: 95; Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159, "sine descr.")]. Syn: = Orobanche palustris Brügger, Flora 38(3): 34 (1855 [Jan 1855]). Ind. loc.: Germany: "Diese Art fand ich zuerst am 7. Juli 1853 auf Wiesen - (Kalk-) Moor bei Moosach nächst München [Munich, Bavaria / Bayern] (1610' P.M. über M.) in der Richtung von der Biegung der Dachauerstrasse (ausserhalb Moosach bei der 2ten Stundensäule) gegen die Fasanerie."

= Orobanche palustris Brügger, Flora 38(3): 34 (1855 [Jan 1855]) ["= Orobanche palustris mihi herbar. 1853"], pro syn. [nom. nud.] (Brügger 1855: 34; Reichenbach f. 1862: 95; Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159; IK, view IPNI entry). Syn: = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842) (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95); = Orobanche hygrophila Brügger in Flora 38(3): 33 t. 1 f. 1-10 (1855 [Jan 1855]) (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95); = Orobanche scabiosae var. elatior Molendo, Flora: 483 (1857)

= Orobanche cirsii-oleracei Casp. in Schrift. Phys. Ges. Koenigsb. 2: 46 (1861) ["Cirsii oleracei"] (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159; (IK) view IPNI entry). Syn: = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Beck 1930: 159 "vidi spec. orig. in Herb. Reichenbach filii Vindob. [W]")

= Orobanche cirsii-palustris Casp. in Schrift. Phys. Ges. Koenigsb. 2: 46 (1861) ["O. Cirsii palustris"] (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95). Syn: = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842); Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829)

= Orobanche deucalion Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 92 [t. 206, f. I, II (1-8)] (1862 [22 Dec 1862]). Syn: Orobanche platystigma subsp. deucalion (Rchb. fil.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 559 (1881); Orobanche reticulata f. deucalion (Rchb. fil.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890). Ind. loc.: Italy: "Legi in Pedemontii Col de Tenda [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, Piedmont] 7 Augusto 1843" (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Obs. "Musei Palat. Vindob." (Beck 1890: 220)

= Orobanche carlinoidis Miégev. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 347 (1865) (Beck 1890: 219, "carlinoides" sub O. reticulata f. typica; Rouy 1909: 172, "carlinoides", sub O. platystigma; Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica; Greuter & al. 1989: 264, "1866"). Ind. loc.: France: "...et l'autre ŕ Héas [Gčdre]", sur les flancs du Maillet, au pied du Mont-Ferrant, propiéte de la vallé de Baréges" [Hautes-Pyrénées / Nauts Pirenčus / Hauts Pirenčus (65), Midi-Pyrénées] (Miégeville 1866: 346-347)

= Catodiacrum pallidiflorum (Wimm. & Grab.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) ["1206 C. pallidiflorum ... O. pallidiflora Wim.; O. scabiosae Koch"]. Syn.: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829); = Orobanche scabiosae W.D.J. Koch in Mert. & W.D.J. Koch, Deutschl. Fl. 4, ed. 3: 440 (1833) (Philippe 1859: 131; Dulac 1867: 370)

= Orobanche Cardui deflorati Christeuer (1869) [in sched., unpublished name]. Ind. loc.: Switzerland, Vaud: "Pente entre Surchamp [Sur Champ] et La Veira Alpes de Bex / 27 Juli 1869 Christeuer". Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche Cardui deflorati / Pente entre Surchamp [Sur Champ] et La Veira Alpes de Bex / 27 Juli 1869 Christeuer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04608105 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04608105 - P 04608105.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/667517967 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/40EAE74C609140F68B15B8492D9F2782; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019)

= Orobanche cirsii Arvet-Touvet in Ess. Pl. Dauph.: 54 (1871) ["O. Cirsii (n.)"], nom. illeg. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 53.1). Ind. loc.: France: "Hab. In radicibus cirsii arvensis parasitica: montée de Laffrey; Nantes-en-Rattier" [département de l'Isčre, Rhône-Alpes]" (Arvet-Touvet 1871: 54)

= Orobanche scabioshaerens St.-Lag. in Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 131 (1880), nom. illeg. (Saint-Lager 1880: 131, "Scabiosae  scabioshaerens"; Saint-Lager 1883: 609, "O. scabioshaerens, O. scabiosae Koch"; Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma; Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Syn: Orobanche scabiosae W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 440 (1833). Obs. "Parasite sur Scabiosa columbaria, Carduus defloratus et australis"

= Orobanche mathesii Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 559 (1881 [prob. Jul 1881]) ["O. Mathesii Schlecht."], pro syn. (Beck 1890: 218, "Mathesii"; Beck 1930: 160; view IPNI entry). Syn: Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842); = Orobanche pallidiflora subsp. cirsii (Fr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 3: 559 (1881 [Jul 1881]). Ind. loc.: Sweden: "Vestrog. [Västergötland / Westrogothie] (m. Mösseberg, r.)"

= Orobanche hyperici Unger in Einfl. Bodens Verth. Gew.: 321 (1886) (Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Beck, 1930: 160, sub O. reticulata var. typica; view IPNI entry). Ind. loc.: Austria: "Tyrol" (Nyman 1854-1855: 133)

= Orobanche scabiosifixa St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889), nom. illeg. (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Syn: Orobanche scabiosae W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 440 (1833)

= Orobanche rhaetica Brügger in Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens 29: 88 (1884-85 [1886]) (Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma; Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica, "vide spec. orig. quae omnino typum aequant")

= Orobanche polychroma Beck ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 217 (1890) [in sched.], pro syn. (Beck 1930: 155, sub O. reticulata)

= Orobanche Erisythalis Lamotte ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890) ["Lamotte, in litt. (1881)"], pro syn. Syn: = Orobanche reticulata f. atrata (Sauter) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890) (Beck 1890: 220)

= Orobanche weinmannii Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 222 (1890) ["Weinmanni"], nom. nov. [nom. illg., nom. superfl.] (Steudel 1841: 231). Syn: Orobanche bracteata Weinm. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 10(7): 65 (1837), non Orobanche bracteata Viv. in Ann. Stor. Nat. 4: 235 (1830) ["Orobanche bracteata Weinmann, Tambow nr. 62, et C.A. Meyer, Beitr. zur Pfianzenk. des russ. Reiches I, nr. 86 ; sec. Walpers, Annal. V, p. 637, — non Viv." (Beck 1890: 222)]; Orobanche weinmannii Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 2: 231 (1841), nom. nov. Ind. loc.: Russia / Россия: "In Rossia media prope Tambow [Tambov / Тамбов, Tambov Oblast / Тамбовская область]" (Beck 1890: 222). Obs. Ad formas O. reticulatae pertinere videtur." (Beck 1890: 222)

= Orobanche lloana Sennen (1920) [in sched., unpublished name] (Pujadas 2001: 82, sub O. reticulata). Ind. loc.: France: "Cerdagne, Vall de Llo, Serra des Clots, paturages des flancs vers 2100 m, 28-VII-1920, Fr. Sennen, BC 822398 [Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenčus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales, Languedoc-Roussillon]"

# Orobanche chrysacanthi Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 15: 390[-391] (1924) [see Orobanche chrysacanthi]

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= Orobanche platystigma subsp. deucalion (Rchb. fil.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 559 (1881). Syn.: Orobanche deucalion Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 92 [t. 206, f. I, II (1-8)] (1862) (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica [O. reticulata var. reticulata])

= Orobanche pallidiflora subsp. cirsii (Fr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 559 (1881 [Jul 1881]) ["* O. Cirsii Fr.!"]. Syn.: Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842); = Orobanche reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Hayek in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 151 (1914)

= Orobanche reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Hayek in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 151 (1914) ["1. subsp. pallidiflóra"] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 11.4). Syn.: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829); Orobanche reticulata var. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 159 (1930); = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842) (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora); = Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833); = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842) (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora). Hosts: "Auf Cirsium arvense, C. oleraceum, Carduus acanthoides und C. crispus" (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora)

= Orobanche platystigma subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 797 (1937), comb. superfl. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 11.4). Syn.: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829)

= Orobanche reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Tzvel. in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 362 (1973), comb. superfl. (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 332-333[456], sub O. pallidiflora). Syn.: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829)

= Orobanche reticulata subsp. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Dostál in Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 12 (1984), comb. superfl. (Shenzhen Code Art 11.2?). Syn.: Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833) (Rätzel & al. 2016)

= Orobanche reticulata subsp. agigensis Ratzel & Uhlich in Willdenowia 46: 430-[-432] (2016). Herbarium Specimens: "Holotype: Russia, Krasnodarskiy Kray, NW Greater Caucasus, Thač region [Tkhatch / Тхач], Mt Agige (S part), 43°58'32.4"N 40°30'01.5"E 43.975667, 40.500417, 2085 m, moist tall forb community, loam above Triassic limestone, populated area, on Carduus acanthoides s.l., 8 Sep 2015, Kreinsen & Rätzel (B 100673157; isotypes: B 100673156, GLM, LE, WU, herb. Rätzel)" (Rätzel & al. 2016). Hosts: "The main host is Carduus acanthoides L. s.l. and in one case very probably Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier" (Rätzel & al. 2016). Obs. "stigma always yellow" (Rätzel & al. 2016)

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= Orobanche scabiosae var. elatior Molendo in Flora 40: 483 (1857) ["β. elatior"] (Beck 1890: 218). Syn: = Orobanche hygrophila Brügger in Flora 38(3): 33 t. 1 f. 1-10 (1855) (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159); = Orobanche palustris Brügger, Flora 38(3): 34 (1855) (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159; IK, view IPNI entry); = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159). Ind. loc.: Germany: "Bis 2' hoch auf Cirsium oleraceum ! In Waldsümpfen der Valley häufig 18—1900' [Aschau im Chiemgau, Rosenheim, Bavaria]. M., P."

= Orobanche pallidiflora "b" [var.] cirsii (Fr.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 496 (1864 [Apr 1864]) ["b) Cirsii Fr." (Ascherson 1864: 496); "O. pallidiflora β Cirsii Ascherson" (Beck 1930: 160)]. Syn.: Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842)

= Orobanche scabiosae var. cardui (Saut.) Saut., Flora Salzb. 2: 114 (1868). Syn.: Orobanche cardui Saut. in Flora 34: 49 (1851) (Sauter 1851: 49; Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica)

= Orobanche platystigma var. atrata Saut., Fl. Salzb. 2: 115 (1868) (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Syn.: Orobanche reticulata f. atrata (Sauter) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890); Orobanche platystigma var. scabiosae subvar. atrata (Saut.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909)

= Orobanche scabiosae var. cirsii Gillot in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 23: CIX (1876). Syn: = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829); = Orobanche platystigma var. ochracea Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma). Ind. loc.: France: "Au sortier mčme de Tenay [Ain, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes] ... aux racines du Cirsium bulbosum DC. ... J'ai donc cru devoir rapporter l'Orobanche de Tena ŕ la variété de l'Orobanche Scabiosae Koch" (Gillot 1876: CIX-CX)

= Orobanche rhaetica var. pallens Brügger in Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens 29: 89[-90] (1884-85 [1886]), p.p. Syn: = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Beck 1890: 218)

= Orobanche rhaetica var. glabrescens Brügger in Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens 29: 89[-90] (1884-85 [1886]). Syn: = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Beck 1890: 218)

= Orobanche platystigma var. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909) ["γ procera Nob."]. Syn.: Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833)

= Orobanche platystigma var. scabiosae (W.D.J. Koch) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909) ["α Scabiosae Nob."] (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Syn: Orobanche scabiosae W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 440 (1833) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma)

= Orobanche scabiosae var. nigricans Rhiner in Prodom der Waldstätter Gefässpflanzen: 96 (1870), nom. nud. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 38.1). Ind. loc.: "Zerstreut längs der ganzen diesseitigen Abdachung der Mutaathaler [Muotatal / Muotathal, Schwyz (SZ), Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza] Voralp Lippisbühl, 50 Ex.; unterhalb ausserdem auf zwei steinichten Abhängen (16. August 1860) gesellig auf Cirsium oleraceum zusammen 42 Stöcke ausgezeichnet durch die schwärzere Farbe und durch die Länge, da die meisten an zwei Fuss hoch waren. Ich tauschte die gleiche Var. nigricans mihi aus Oberbaiern [Oberbayern, Bavaria / Bayern / Baviera, Germany / Deutschland] vom «Mangfallthale zwischen Valley und Miesbach Aug. 1865»" (Rhiner 1870: 96, sub O. Scabiosae)

= Orobanche platystigma var. ochracea Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909) ["β."]. Syn: = Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829) (Beck 1930: 159); = Orobanche scabiosae var. cirsii Gillot in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 23: CIX (1876) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma). Obs. "Corolle ochracée; tubercules pilifčres et poils plus pâles ; stigmate jaune" (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma)

= Orobanche reticulata var. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 159 (1930) ["Var. α. pallidiflora"], comb. superfl. (Shenzhen Code Art 11.2?). Syn.: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829); Orobanche reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Hayek in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 151 (1914); = Orobanche pallidiflora var. cirsii (Fr.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 496 (1864 [Apr 1864]) (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora). Obs. Orobanche reticulata subsp. reticulata var. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 159 (1930) (Rätzel & al. 2016), comb. superfl. (Shenzhen Code Art 11.2?)

= Orobanche reticulata var. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 160 (1930) ["Var. β. procera"]. Syn.: Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833); Orobanche platystigma var. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909); = Orobanche pallidiflora "b" [var.] cirsii sensu Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 496 (1864 [Apr 1864]) (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora)

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= Orobanche platystigma var. scabiosae subvar. atrata (Saut.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909) ["S.-var. atrata Sauter ... Nob."]. Syn.: Orobanche platystigma var. atrata Saut., Fl. Salzb. 2: 115 (1868) (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica)

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= Orobanche pallidiflora f. colorata Meinsh., Fl. lngrica: 263 (1878 [15 Oct 1878]) ["Form "a"]. Ind. loc.: Russia / Россия: "Die Form a. schmarotzt auf Cirsium oleraceum, gewöhnlich an feuchten od. nassen Orten, sowohl im Kalkstein-, als auch im Sandgebiete hie und da (so in tiefen Sümpfen in der Umgegend von Luga [Leningrad Oblast / Ленинградская область] in schattigen Nadelwäldern, unter Gebüsch); die Abart ist sehr selten. Blüht im Juli, bis "Anfang Aug.". Herbarium Specimens: Type: 1. "Herbarium Fl. Ingricae / 477B. Orobanche Rapum Thuill. / v. colorata (O. Scabiosa K.?) / In paludibus sylvaticis, ad rad. Cirsii oleracii pr. urb. Luga / Julio". 2. "n. 477b  Syntypus / Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. / f. colorata Meinsh. ... / Det. V. Byalt [LE] Date 17.VI.2011" (http://db.taxon.pro/kfta/?s=Orobanche&f=[all]&id=2222 - KFTA 0002025; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2019)

= Orobanche pallidiflora f. flavescens Meinsh., Fl. lngrica: 263 (1878 [15 Oct 1878]) ["Form "b"]. Syn.: = Orobanche cirsii Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mantissa 3: 58 (1842). Ind. loc.: Russia / Россия: Ingria / Inkeri / Ингрия / Ингерманландия / Ingermanland / Ingeri, Leningrad Oblast / Ленинградская область

= Orobanche reticulata f. atrata (Sauter) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890) ["Formas ... 4. (Orobanche) atrata Sauter"]. Syn.: Orobanche platystigma var. atrata Saut., Fl. Salzb. 2: 115 (1868) (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica); Orobanche platystigma var. scabiosae subvar. atrata (Saut.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 172 (1909); ? = Orobanche seyserensis F.W. Schultz, Flora (Regensb.) 16(2): 602 (1833) (Beck 1890: 220); = Orobanche Erisythalis Lamotte ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890), pro syn.

= Orobanche reticulata f. deucalion (Rchb. f.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche deucalion Rchb. f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 92 [t. 206, f. I, II (1-8)] (1862) (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica)

? = Orobanche reticulata f. kirantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 221 (1890) ["9. (Orobanche) kirantha"]. Syn.: = Orobanche pancicii Beck in Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 2: 148[-149] t. 7(6) f. 8-12 (1887) [saltem p. p.]. Ind. loc.: "Bosnia [Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина]: Infra arcem oppidi Sarajevo [Сарајево], ipse legi; "Transsylvania [Transylvania, Roumanie / România / Rumanía / Rumänien]: in monte Bük prope Klausenburg [Cluj-Napoca] (leg. Simonkai)"; Hungaria [Roumanie / România / Rumanía / Rumänien]: Somlyo prope Grosswardein [Oradea / Großwardein / Nagyvárad, Bihor County] (leg. Simonkai)". Obs. "Scapus luteolus. corolla flavida mox arescens et luteo-fusca"

= Orobanche reticulata f. lophofera Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 220 (1890) ["7. (Orobanche) lophofera"] (Beck 1930: 161, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Ind. loc.: "Hinc inde obvia"

= Orobanche reticulata f. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 218, t. 4, f. 67(1) (1890) ["Formas ... 1. (Orobanche) pallidiflora"] (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 332-333[456], "var. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Beck" , sub O. pallidiflora) . Syn.: Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab., Fl. Siles. 2(1): 233 (1829)

= Orobanche reticulata f. procera (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 218 (1890) ["Formas ... 2. (Orobanche) procera"]. Syn.: Orobanche procera W.D.J. Koch in Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, 4: 438 (1833)

= Orobanche reticulata var. pallidiflora f. imminuta Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 159 (1930) ["Var. α. pallidiflora ... Forma 1. imminuta G. Beck"]. Ind. loc.: "Hinc inde cum typo"

= Orobanche reticulata var. typica f. exiguior Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 161 (1930) ["Var. γ. typica ... Forma 7. exiguior G. Beck"]. Ind. loc.: "Cum typo"

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche alba auct., non Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 350 (1800) [e.g., Kittel, Simonkai (Beck 1890: 218; Beck 1930: 159)]

Orobanche elatior Flüggé ex Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 42 (1825) ["Flügge in lit."], non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178[-179], t. 17 (1798) (Wallroth 1825: 42; Schultz 1830: 493)

Orobanche epithymum var. major sensu Godet ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 21 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), non Orobanche epithymum var. major Čelak., Prodr. Fl. Boehm.: 341 (1871) (Reuter 1847: 21, "Godet h.!")

Orobanche concolor St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889), non Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma). Obs. "Corolle ochracée; tubercules pilifčres et poils plus pâles; stigmate jaune" (Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma)

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Ind. loc.: "in agro Tolotono [Toulouse, N 43° 36' 15'' E 1° 26' 37'', Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France / Francia / Frankreich]" (Wallroth 1825: 42).

Typus / Type: 1. "ad reticulatam // Wallroth / orig [?]". – 2. "Herb. Mertens / Orobanche elatior / Toulouse 1807 D. Flügge". – 3. "Herb. Mertens / Orobanche reticulata / mihi". – 4. "? Orobanche reticulata / 1955.V.7 Teste: Н. Цвелев [N. Tzvelev]. – 5. "Lectotype Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / designated MJY Foley - (i.1998) / (for Flora iberica)" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01036370 - LE 01036370 [Record creation: 2019-02-28, Andrey Sytin, PhotoScan D1]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023). "Das Original exemplar Wallroth's, unicum tantum hujus speciei exemplar ... im St. Petrsburger Herbar [LE] befindet ... Loc. class. in agro Tolotono (leg. Flügg.)") (Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica). Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Toulouse, 1807, Flugge s.n. (LE!)" (Foley 2001: 231).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 231 (2001).

Host: usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species (Compositae [Asteraceae]), more rarely on Dipsacaceae Juss. [Caprifoliaceae Juss.] (e.g., Scabiosa) (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009; Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata et pallidiflora; Pusch 2009: 45, sub O. reticulata).

Carduus L. (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata)

Carduus acanthoides L. (Beck 1890: 221, "1 [f. pallidiflora]—2 [f. procera]; Beck 1930: 156, var. pallidiflora et var. procera; Uhlich & al. 1995: 200, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Kreutz 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora). Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata), Hungary (Bauer 2021: 96, sub O. reticulata), Romania (Höniges 2009: 89, sub O. reticulata ssp. pallidiflora), Russia (Rätzel & al. 2016: 430, sub O. reticulata subsp. agigensis).

Carduus carlinoides Gouan. (Beck 1930: 156, "Bras", sub O. reticulata var. typica et var. pallidiflora). France (P 04419098.jpg - hb. Grenier; Philippe 1859: 131, sub O. Scabiosae; Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. procera Koch), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 07046 et 08028; herb. Carlón; Carlón & al. 2002: 20, sub O. reticulata).

Carduus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10709, 10793 and 11491; Carlón & al. 2002: 19, sub O. reticulata; Aedo & al. 2003: 34, sub O. reticulata).

Carduus chrysacanthus Ten. (Beck 1890: 221, "1 [f. pallidiflora], 3 [f. typica]", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata var. typica et var. pallidiflora). Italy (P 04384623.jpg - Plantae Neapolitanae; P 04384627.jpg - Plantae Neapolitanae).

Carduus collinus Waldst. & Kit. Hungary (Beck 1930: 157, "Degen", sub O. reticulata).

Carduus crispus L. Beck 1890: 221, f. pallidiflora; Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata var. typica; Uhlich & al. 1995: 200, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Kreutz 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata), France (Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. Scabiosae Koch), Germany (P 04243413.jpg).

Carduus defloratus L. (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata; Beck 1890: 221, "3 [f. typica], 4"; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata var. typica). Austria (Sauter 1851: 49, sub O. cardui; Reichenbach f. 1862: 92, sub O. Cardui; Reichenbach f. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma; Kreutz 1995: 138-139, sub O. reticulata; WU 0085123.jpg), France (P 04419093.jpg - hb. Grenier; P 00598746.jpg - hb. L. Rotereau; Grenier 1853: 633, sub O. Scabiosae; Philippe 1859: 131, sub O. Scabiosae; Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. Scabiosae Koch; Gillot 1876: CIX-CX, sub O. scabiosae; Saint-Lager 1880: 131, sub O. scabioshaerens; P 04392439.jpg - hb. J. Arénes), Germany (Molendo 1857: 483, sub O. Scabiosae), Italy (L 2816797.jpg), Spain (Guardiola & al. 2009: 35-36), Switzerland (Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. Scabiosae Koch; Rhiner 1870: 96, sub O. Scabiosae; P 04384622.jpg - hb. G. Rouy; FR 0108903.jpg).

Carduus defloratus subsp. argemone (Pourr. ex Lam.) Ces. [≡ Carduus argemone Pourret ex Lam.; ≡ Carduus defloratus L. subsp. argemone (Pourr. ex Lam.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10946; 12693; 13146; Carlón & al. 2002: 19, sub O. reticulata; HDXA 8253 - ficha 8253 in Herbario digital Xabier de Arizaga; accessed Jul 2019).

Carduus defloratus subsp. carlinifolius (Lam.) Ces. [≡ Carduus carlinifolius Lam.]. France (P 04410936.jpg - hb. Léveillé), Italy (P 04384626.jpg - Plantae Neapolitanae - hb. Cosson; Beck 1930: 156-157, "Levier, Grande", sub O. reticulata).

Carduus defloratus subsp. glaucus (Rchb. f.) Nyman [≡ Carduus glaucus Baumg.]. (Beck 1890: 221, "1 [f. pallidiflora], 3 [f. typica]", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata var. typica et var. pallidiflora). Austria (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/61768850 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2883051131 by Norbert Sauberer).

Carduus hamulosus Ehrh. Hungary (Bauer 2021: 96, sub O. reticulata).

Carduus ×loretii Rouy [Carduus defloratus subsp. argemone (Pourr. ex Lam.) Ces × Carduus nutans L.]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10865; Carlón & al. 2002: 20, sub O. reticulata).

Carduus nigrescens subsp. australis (Nyman) Greuter [≡ Carduus australis Jord.]. France (Saint-Lager 1880: 131, sub O. scabioshaerens; Beck 1890: 221, "St. Lager", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, "St. Lager", sub O. reticulata).

Carduus nutans L. [s.l.]. France (P 04419095.jpg - hb. Grenier; P 04419376.jpg - hb. Guétrot; Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. procera Koch; Beck 1890: 221, "Lamotte", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, "Lamotte", sub O. reticulata), Hungary (Bauer 2021: 96, sub O. reticulata); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10791; Carlón & al. 2002: 20, sub O. reticulata; Aedo & al. 2003: 34, sub O. reticulata).

Carduus nutans subsp. leiophyllus (Petrovič) Arčnes [≡ Carduus leiophyllus Petrovič]. Hungary (Bauer 2021: 96, sub O. reticulata), North Macedonia (Bornmüller 1928 [Nikolov 2024, pers. comm.]).

Carduus nutans subsp. platylepis (Rchb. & Sauter) Nyman [≡ Carduus platylepis Rchb. & Sauter]. Switzerland (ZT 00207566.jpg).

Carduus personata (L.) Jacq. Switzerland (Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. Scabiosae Koch; Rhiner 1870: 96, sub O. Scabiosae).

Carduus tmoleus Boiss. [= Carduus armatus Boiss. & Heldr., non (Banks & Sol.) Steudel (1821); = Carduus tmoleus subsp. armatus Franco, nom. nov.]. Bulgaria (Beck 1890: 222, "Velenovský", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, 158, "Velenovský", sub O. reticulata); Greece (Strid & Tan 1991: 271).

Cirsium Mill. (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata)

Cirsium acaule (L.) Scop. [≡ Carduus acaulis L.]. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata).

Cirsium arvense (L. ) Scop. (Reichenbach f. 1862: 94, sub O. pallidiflora; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 54, sub O. cirsii; Beck 1890: 221, f. pallidiflora et f. procera; Tzvelev 1981; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 265; Uhlich & al. 1995: 201, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Kreutz 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora). Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2006a: 254 f. 3-b), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata), England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 265, sub O. reticulata), France (P 00598745.jpg - hb. H. Bouby; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 54, sub O. cirsii), Germany (P 04384621.jpg; P 03810706.jpg - hb. E. Cosson; L 2816793.jpg; Ascherson 1859. 459, sub O. pallidiflora; Reichenbach f. 1862: 95, sub O. procera), Netherlands (Kreutz 1995: 126, 127, sub O. pallidiflora; Londo & Mourik 2001: 140, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora), North Macedonia (Nikolov 2024, pers. comm.), Poland (Wimmer 1857: 413, sub O. pallidiflora), Romania (Höniges 2009), Russia (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 94-95[89-90], sub O. pallidiflora).

Cirsium canum (L.) All. [≡ Carduus canus L.]. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata).

Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop. [s.l.] (vide Lophiolepis eriophora (L.) Del Guacchio, Bureš, Iamonico & P. Caputo)

Cirsium erisithales Scop. (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata f. typica; Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata var. typica). France (L 2816792.jpg).

Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill. [= Cirsium helenioides All.]. (Beck 1890: 221, "1—2 Krylow", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, "1—2 Krylow", sub O. reticulata var. pallidiflora et procera, "Hackel", var. typica). Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata); Germany (Ascherson 1864: 496, sub O. pallidiflora "b" [var.] cirsii), England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 265, sub O. reticulata), Russia (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 94-95[89-90], sub O. pallidiflora), Sweden (Fries 1842: 58, sub O. cirsii; Beck 1930: 157, "Mathesius", sub O. reticulata).

Cirsium ligulare subsp. armatum (Velen.) Petr. [≡ Cirsium armatum Velen]. Bulgaria (Beck 1890: 222, "Velenovský", sub O. reticulata var. typica).

Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop. (Beck 1890: 221, f. pallidiflora et f. procera; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata var. typica et var. pallidiflora). Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata), Germany (Molendo 1857: 483, sub O. scabiosae var. elatior; Ascherson 1864: 496, sub O. pallidiflora "b" [var.] cirsii; https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/192796767 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4145478088 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/plantamigo [Joachim Keller] in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora), Sweden (Brunet 2006, sub O. reticulata), Russia (KFTA 0002025; MHA 0070845.jpg; Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 94-95[89-90], sub O. pallidiflora), Switzerland (Rhiner 1870: 96, sub O. Scabiosae; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12016).

Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop. (Beck 1890: 221 ("Sendtner, Caspary"); Beck 1930: 156 ("Sendtner, Caspary"); Uhlich & al. 1995: 201, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora). Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata), Italy (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95, sub O. Cirsii), Russia (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 94-95[89-90], sub O. pallidiflora).

Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All. Italy (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95, sub O. Cirsii; Beck 1890: 221, "Facchini", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, "Facchini", sub O. reticulata var. pallidiflora et procera).

Cirsium tuberosum (L.) All. [= Cirsium bulbosum DC., nom. illeg.]. France (Beck 1930: 156, "Gillot", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, "Gillot", sub O. reticulata).

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata).

Lophiolepis Cass. [= Cirsium Mill. p.p.]

Lophiolepis eriophora (L.) Del Guacchio, Bureš, Iamonico & P. Caputo [≡ Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop. (s.l.)]. Bosnia and Herzegovina (Beck 1930: 157, "α. [pallidiflora] Maly", sub O. reticulata), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 498-499, sub O. reticulata; Uhlich in Galería de Holger1963, accessed Sep 2012), England (Beck 1930: 157, "Druce", sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, "Druce", sub O. reticulata var. typica; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 265, sub O. reticulata), France (Gillot 1876: CIX-CX, sub O. scabiosae; Beck 1930: 156, "Gillot", sub O. reticulata var. typica), Spain (Pujadas 2001: 82, sub O. reticulata; Guardiola & al. 2009: 35-36; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11481).

Lophiolepis horrida (Adams) Bureš, Del Guacchio, Iamonico & P. Caputo [≡ Carduus horridus Adams; = Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier] (unconfirmed). Russia, Krasnodar Krai (Rätzel & al. 2016: 430, sub O. reticulata subsp. agigensis).

Scabiosa L. [this host should need to be confirmed by new researches] (Koch 1833: 441, sub O. Scabiosae; Reichenbach f. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma; Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 156, sub O. reticulata)

Scabiosa columbaria L. (Saint-Lager 1883: 609, sub O. scabioshaerens; Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata; Uhlich & al. 1995: 199). Austria (Koch 1833: 441, sub O. Scabiosae; Reichenbach f. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma; Beck 1930: 156, "Koch", sub O. reticulata; O-V 2254699), France (Grenier 1853: 633, sub O. Scabiosae), Germany (Koch 1833: 441, sub O. Scabiosae; Reichenbach f. 1862: 96, "Bavariae", sub O. platystigma).

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: In our present taxonomic treatment, we have preferred to include the Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Grab. in O. reticulata, but further investigations are required to determine whether this is so.

Morphological observation: "Variabilita: Polyfágni, značně plastický a variabilní druh, ve svém areálu s velkým výškovým rozsahem výskytu a širokou škálou stanovišt'. Orobanche reticulata bývá členěna do dvou základních typů, a to na horský typ – O. reticulata s.str. a typ rostoucí převážně v nižších polohách – O. pallidiflora. [Variability: Polyphagous, highly plastic and variable species in its area with a large altitude range of occurrence and a wide range of habitats. Orobanche reticulata is divided into two basic types, namely the mountain type – O. reticulata s.str. and the type growing mainly in lower locations – O. pallidiflora.]" (Zázvorka 2000: 498, sub O. reticulata).

Chorological observation: Orobanche reticulata auct. [p.p.], non Orobanche reticulata Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 42 (1825). The specimens collected under this name in the south of Iberian Peninsula and Northern Africa seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. [incl. O. tetuanensis Ball et O. austrohispanica M.J.Y. Foley] (Reuter 1847: 16; Nyman 1854-1855: 130; Willkomm 1870: 621; Ball 1878: 604, 606; Nyman 1878-1882: 557-558, sub O. reticulata, 557, "Stigma luteum", 558 "Exs.- Bourg. hisp. a. 1849. 377 b. Hisp. mer."; Colmeiro 1888: 274; Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata f. typica, O. reticulata Wallr. "(1825), non. Reuter, Willkomm"; Willkomm 1893: 186; Pujadas 2004: 131).

Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 1: 15 t. 7, 19-20 (2002); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 2: 15-17, 16 f. 1 (2003); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationship"], 65 (2005).

Chromosomatic number: 2n = 38 (Favarger 1953; Hambler 1954; 1955; 1957 [sub O. reticulata Wallr., s.l.]; Weber 1976; Albers & Pusch 1999 [sub O. reticulata Wallr. subsp. reticulata]; Albers & Pusch 1999 [sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Tzvel.]; Zázvorka 2000: 498, "extra fines", sub O. reticulata; Schneeweiss & al. 2004).

Ic.: a, habit (Verdeńa, Spain); b, flowers (ib.); c, habit («Llagu Cimeru», Central Massif, Picos de Europa, Spain); d, Beck 1890: 219, t. 4, f. 67 (1 "pallidiflora", 2 "typica").

Distribution: Albania [see O. pancicii], Algeria [unconfirmed], Andorra, Armenia [in error for O. alba], Austria, Azerbaijan [unconfirmed], Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina [unconfirmed, see O. pancicii], Bulgaria, China [in error for O. alba], Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England (United Kingdom), Estonia, Finland [unconfirmed], France, Georgia [unconfirmed], Germany, Greece [unconfirmed, see O. pancicii], Hungary, India [unconfirmed], Iraq [unconfirmed], Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lietuva, Moldova [unconfirmed], Montenegro [unconfirmed, see O. pancicii], Morocco [see O. chrysacanthi], Netherlands, North Macedonia, Poland, Potugal [always in error], Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia [unconfirmed], Turkey [Rätzel & Uhlich 2018, sub O. reticulata subsp. agigensis)], Ukraine [unconfirmed] and Walles [in error] (United Kingdom).

"England, Denmark, Scandinavian countries, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Italy, Banat, Romania, Croatia, Herzegovina, Dalmatia, Greece" (Kojić & al. 2001); distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube 2010).

Iberian Peninsula distribution; Cantabrian Mountains distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia / Albanie / Albanien (Greuter & al. 1989: 264, sub O. reticulata) [see Orobanche pancicii Beck]

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Algeria / الجزائر‎  / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien [unconfirmed] (Greuter & al. 1989: 264, sub O. reticulata)

Annaba: "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Orobanche foetida Desf. / La Calle / Sur le Cytisus lanigerus / (variatio, squamis exceptes, toa / pallidč flava!) / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] / 24 mai 1841" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983101 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983101 - P 02983101.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771900 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C8723C5DB58B4FC88A1536735839D8B3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Médéa: "Orobanche / fleurs fauve / Dallia... / ouest de Boghar / juin 1852" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983096 - P 02983096.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983096.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771901 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/02F10DDB3DA245A1862FBCF9517E8EF9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Mostaganem: "Orobanche condensata / Mostaganem, 5 avril 1848 / Parasite sur le calycotone" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983102 - P 02983102.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983102.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437107754 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/847A068A9775402680EA2351B0B9DC08; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "nş 25 / fleurs couleur de ... striés / Mostaganem ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983102 - P 02983100.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983100.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437107754 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/847A068A9775402680EA2351B0B9DC08; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar. 2013 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Oran: nş 228 / "Orobanche reticulata Wallr. Reut.! in DC. prod. / ... / Oran, ŕ la grand Falaise au pied des Cistes! / en grosses touffes! / avril 1849 / Reuter" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983100 - P 02983100.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983100.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772820 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0C78FAB2D5E64E6898FB1063550B421D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Sidi Bel Abbčs: "Orobanche reticulata Wallr.? / Sidi Bel Abbčs / Lefranc" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983096 - P 02983096.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983096.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771901 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/02F10DDB3DA245A1862FBCF9517E8EF9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Tizi Ouzou: "(Sur le ciste) / Route de Tirourda (en sortant / de Fort National [Larbaâ Nath Irathen]) / Dép. d'Alger / 25 Juin 1875 / Al. D." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983103 - P 02983103.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983103.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438105853 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5FFDBDE613174D5FBE972777D5F2A04A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. variegata]).

Tlemcen: "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanchaceae / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / ... / Sur le Cystus ŕ Tlemcem. Mai 1914" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983095 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983095 - P 02983095.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772819 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A17FD6BC62D74868B315EC12259451BE; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O calendulae, aggr.]).

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Altai Mountains [unconfirmed (see Russia)] (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 158, sub O. reticulata; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958[2000]: 89-90[115-116], sub O. pallidiflora)

"Asia: in montibus Altaicis [3 [f. reticulata]] leg. Bunge (nisi schedula confusa?)" (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata); "Im Altai (Bunge in der Var. γ [typica]); ob nicht Etiquetten-Verwechselung?" (Beck 1930: 158, sub O. reticulata var. typica).

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Andorra / Andorre (Foley 2001b: 52, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata)

MA 813913 (Foley 2001b: 52, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения [recorded in error for O. alba (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 67-71, 98, sub O. alba)]

Tavush Province: "Ботанический институт им. В. Л. Комарова / Академии наук СССР / Музей / 7791 Герб. № 1 / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / Армения. / Дилижан. / Головино - лес. [Armenia. Dilijan. Golovino is a forest] / 30.VI. Собр. З.И. Никитичева [Z.I. Nikiticheva] / Опр. Н.Н. Цвелев [N.N. Tzvelev]" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01188548 - LE 01188548; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023 [the specimen does not correspond to O. reticulata, see O. laxissima]).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Reichenbach 1829: 31, loc. class. of O. platystigma Rchb.; Koch 1833: 441, loc. class. of  O. Scabiosae; Hinterhuber & Hinterhuber 1851: 161, sub O. Cardui Sauter; Reichenbach f. 1862: 92, loc. class. of O. cardui Saut.; Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. Sauteri; Beck 1890: 219, 221-222, sub O. reticulata; Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. reticulata; Beck 1930: 157, sub O. reticulata; Kreutz 1995: 138-139, sub O. reticulata; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 286; Pusch 2009: 45, sub O. reticulata)

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: "Austria infer. ([1 [f. pallidiflora]] circa Vindobonam [Vienna], Baden, Wiener Neustadt, Bruck a. L., in montibus Schneeberg [Northern Calcareous Alps] [3 [f. reticulata], 9 [f. kirantha]], Raxalpe, Voralpe [3 [f. reticulata]])" (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata); Fundnummer: 100299106 // Nr. 6415 / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. ssp. pallidiflora (Wimm. et Grab.) / det-rev: Hans Metlesics / Österreich, Schneeberg; Krummbachgraben / 1100 m / 24.08.1947 / leg: Hans Metlesics / Bild Nummer: 00016770 (https://www.zobodat.at/belege.php?id=100299106 - LI 283757 - 00016770.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); Niederösterreich, Spitzerberg bei Prellenkirchen [Bruck an der Leitha]; flach südexp., 22.6.1952, leg. Hans Metlesics (https://www.zobodat.at/belege.php?id=100301931 - LI - 283721 - 00016769.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Pfaffstätten [48°01'52.5"N 16°15'11.9"E 48.031247, 16.253312 (Baden)], on Carduus defloratus subsp. glaucus, 17 Jun 2013" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/61768850 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2883051131 by Norbert Sauberer in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023 [see O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora]); "Bruck an der Leitha [48°07'38.0"N 16°56'29.4"E 48.127223, 16.941511, near Hundsheim], 8 Jun 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/26630257 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/christinaleodigl [Christina Staudigl], sub O. reticulata, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2023 [see O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora, relatively pigmented and typical habitat]).

Salzburg: 1. "O. platystigma pl. crit. / VII pag. 31 ... / Fl. germ. no. 2409. Salzbg. / ex herbario Reichenbachiano". – 2. "... Herbarium (WU) / Flora von Österreich [W. Gutermann (WU):] Original exemplar (? Syntypus) von / O. platystigma Reichenbach (1829)" (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=518746 - https://wu.jacq.org/WU0077715 - WU 0077715.jpg - http://131.130.131.10/djatoka/jacq-viewer/viewer.html?rft_id=wu_0077715&identifiers=wu_0077715 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1830990333; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013); "crescit in Salisburgo ... Trattberg: Hinterhuber [Trattberg is a mountain at east of Kuchl village and southeast of Salzburg city]" (Reichenbach 1829: 31, loc. class. of O. platystigma Rchb.); "Die Orobanche Scabiosae wurde von Berger bei Berchtesgaden [Berchtesgaden Alps, between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria] auf Scabiosa columbaria entdeckt v. Spitzl fand sie auf der Mitter kaseralpe [Mitterkaiser Alpe, 47°34'40.0"N 12°56'33.0"E 47.577778, 12.942500] bei Lofer [Pinzgau] 5500' hoch. Die Blülhezeit ist bei den getrockneten Exemplaren nicht beigemerkt" (Koch 1833: 441, loc. class. of  O. Scabiosae); "O. Cardui Sauter, Distel-Sommerwurz. Ausd, Auf unseren Alpen. Juli" (Hinterhuber & Hinterhuber 1851: 161, sub O. Cardui Sauter); "O. platystigma Rchb. Breitgrifflige Sommerwurz. Ausd. Auf dem Trattberg gegen Abtenau. (siehe Rchb. flora excurs. sect. II. Seite 353.) R. H. Juli" (Hinterhuber & Hinterhuber 1851: 161, sub O. platystigma Rchb.); "bei Lofer [Pinzgau] (Spitzel!)" (Hausmann 1852: 648, sub O. Scabiosae); "Austr. (Salzb.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. platystigma); "In alpinis Austriae ac Bavariae in Scabiosa Columbaria ac Carduo deflorato. Aestate. Salisburguria: Trattberg R. Hinterhuber Auf dem Hoheneck bei 5000' 1837. Brittinger ! Lofer [Pinzgau, Salzburg State, Austria]: Milterkofer Alpe auf einer absoluten Höhe von 5000' Mitte August. Untersberg [Berchtesgaden Alps, between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg]. — Hochgesang. Gaisberg [Northern Limestone Alps]. v. Spitzel ! Indicata: Tennstädt Thuringiae [Thuringia, Germany] Garcke D. fl." (Reichenbach f. 1862: 95-96, sub O. platystigma Rchb.); "Radstadter Tauern (4000') auf Carduus defloratus, 15 August 1849. Sauter!" [Radstädter Tauern Pass (1,738 m (5,702 ft) between Radstadt and Mauterndorf, Niedere Tauern range (Central Eastern Alps)] (Reichenbach f. 1862: 92, loc. class. of  O. cardui Saut.); "Austr. (Radstadter Tauern)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. Sauteri); "Salisb." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora); "in alpinis Austriae ac Bavariae in Scabiosa Columbaria ac Carduo deflorato. Aestate. Salisburia: Trattberg R. Hinterhuber!)" (Beck 1890: 219, sub O. reticulata); "Salisb." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma); "Salisburia ([3 [f. reticulata]] in montibus Untersberg, Göll, Radstädter Tauern, in valle Pinzgau, Lofer etc.)" (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata); "Austria, Salzburské Alpy, Gosau - Přední Gosausee 950 m" (http://www.biolib.cz/IMG/GAL/BIG/173253.jpg by František Pleva, det. Jiří Valíček in Biolib.cz; accessed Mar 2013); "Flora of Austria / Orobanche reticulata / subsp. reticulata / Salzburg, Hallein District. Golling an der Salzach, appr. / 950m WNW of Verbundhuette / 47°32'23.6"N 13°06'15.9"E 47.539890, 13.104420 1700 m / Alpine grassland with Carduus defloratus / Leg. Reich, D. & Hofbauer, M. s.n. 06.Aug.2015 / Det.: D. Reich & M. Hofbauer / Voucher for "Floristische Kartierung Österreichs" and habitat mapping Salzburg (biotope 56226 0045)" (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=926278 - https://wu.jacq.org/WU0085123 - WU 0085123.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1830990374; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013).

Styria / Steiermark / Štajerska / Stájerország: "Austr. (Stey.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. Scabiosae); "Austr. (Stey.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. pallidiflora); "Styr." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma); "Styr." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora); "Stiria ([3 [f. reticulata]] in montibus Hoehschwab et Ennsthaler Alpen)" (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata); "with host (Carduus defloratus), Neuberg an der Mürz [Mürzzuschlag], Alpen Rax Schneeberg-Gebiet (A), 9-7-1994" (Kreutz 1995: 138-139, sub O. reticulata); "Fotos: E. Horak / 13.8.2004 / Steiermark / Tragöß - Grüner See" (photos in http://flora.nhm-wien.ac.at (Botanik im Bild / Flora von Österreich; accessed Mar 2013).

Tyrol / Tirol: "Passeyreralpen (Per.)" (Hausmann 1852: 648, sub O. Scabiosae); "Vorarlberg: bei Au in Bregenzerwald (Tir. B.)! Innsbruck: lehmige Waldränder nahe am Eingange zum Allerheiligen-Lähner (Hfl.)" (Hausmann 1852: 648, sub O. pallidiflora); "Austr. (Tyrol)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. Scabiosae); "Austr. (Tyrol)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. pallidiflora); "Tyrol" (Nyman 1854-1855: 133, sub O. Hyperici); "Tyrol." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma); "Tyrol." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora); "Austria: Tirolia, Vorarlberg ([3 [f. reticulata]] prope Oenipontem [Oenipons = Innsbruck = "bridge over the Inn"], Jenbach, Kufstein etc.)" (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata).

Vienna / Wien: "Flora Austriae inferioris / Orobanche pallidiflora Wim. & Grab. / Auf Cirsium arvense im / Wiener Prater / 3.VII.1919 leg. Ernst Korb" (https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1702126898 - O-V 2254699; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019).

Vorarlberg: "Vorarlberg: bei Au in Bregenzerwald (Tir. B.)!" (Hausmann 1852: 648, sub O. pallidiflora); "Vorarlberg ([3 [f. reticulata]]" (Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata); "Dornbirn [47°19'47.5"N 9°46'48.9"E 47.329856, 9.780241], 19 Jul 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/53822492 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3383968472 by Jeremy Barker in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan [n.v.] (Karjagin 1957)

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Belarus / Bielorrusia / Biélorussie / Беларусь / Белоруссия

Minsk Region / Мінская вобласць / Минская область

Myadzel District / Мядзельскі раён / Мядельский район: "Narochanski NP - Blue Lakes (Golubye Ozera [Голубые озера / Golubyye Ozera]) - Olsehevo/Dlshevo [54°57'43.7"N 26°21'57.2"E 54.962134, 26.365895], 11 Jul 2015" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/15562273 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2992691334 by Andre Hosper, sub O. reticulata, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023 [sub O. pallidiflora]).

Vitebsk Region / Віцебская вобласць / Витебская область

Braslaw District / Браслаўскі раён / Браславский район: "Vitsyebsk [55°47'16.7"N 27°08'28.8"E 55.787973, 27.141332, near Zamenka Lake], BY, Jul 2009" 8 https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/103644810 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/dmitry97 [Dmitry Tretjakov], sub O. reticulata, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023 [sub O. pallidiflora]).

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина [unconfirmed] (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma, "Bosn."; Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora, "Bosn. Herceg."; Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 157, sub O. reticulata) [see Orobanche pancicii Beck]

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina / Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine / Федерација Босне и Херцеговине

Central Bosnia: "Travnik et in monte Vlasić ([3 [f. reticulata]] leg. Sendtner)" (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata) [see Orobanche pancicii Beck].

Sarajevo: "Bosnia: Infra arcem oppidi Sarajevo [Сарајево], ipse legi" (Beck 1890: 221, loc. class. of O. reticulata f. kirantha Beck); "prope Sarajevo ([9 [f. kirantha]] leg. ipse)" (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata) [see Orobanche pancicii Beck].

Tuzla: "Livady ad montem Orahovik [N 44° 23' 19'' E 18° 43' 2''] ([3 [f. reticulata]] leg. Szyszyłowicz)" (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata).

Republika Srpska / Република Српска

Istočno Sarajevo / Источно Сарајево: "auf dem Trebević — 1290 m Seehöhe auf Cirsium eriophorum (α. [pallidiflora] Maly)" (Beck 1930: 157, sub O. reticulata).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 158, sub O. reticulata; Greuter & al. 1989: 264; Stoyanov 2006a: 254 f. 3 sub O. reticulata Wallr., (fig. 3), "O. reticulata subsp. reticulata (f. 3-a)" et "O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. et Grab.) Beck [sic] (f. 3-b); Stoyanov 2006b sub O. reticulata Wallr., (fig. 3), "O. reticulata subsp. reticulata (fig. 4-a)" et "O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora (Wimm. et Grab.) Beck [sic] (fig. 4-b)"; Dimitrov & Kachaunova 2013: 274, sub O. reticulata)

Blagoevgrad Province / област Благоевград"Бъндерица, 2770 Бъндерица [Banderishka, 41°46'06.6"N 23°25'36.6"E 41.768498, 23.426828, near Bansko / Банско (Pirin Mountains / Пирин)], 15 Ago 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/179221931 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4399866238 by Росица Делчева ППМГ Сливен [https://www.inaturalist.org/people/ppmg-sliven] in iNaturalist; accessed Nov 2023 [host, apparently, behind the parasite in the photo]).

Kyustendil Province / Област Кюстендил: "... und beim Kloster Rilo [Rila Monastery / Рилски Манастир] (Velenovský!) ..." (Beck 1930: 158, sub O. reticulata).

Montana Province / Област Монтана: "Bulgaria: Balkan in reg. alpina prope Petro Han [Petrohan Pass, Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina)] ([3 [f. typica (= reticulata)]] leg. Velenovský)" (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata); "Bulgarien: in der Alpenregion des Rilo bei Petro han [Petrohan Pass, Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina)] (γ [var. typica] Velenovský) auf Cirsium armatum Vel. ..." (Beck 1930: 158, sub O. reticulata).

Vidin Province / Област Видин: "KG-96. Novo Selo, 200 m, host Cirsium arvense, 11.05.2003 (K. Kishelov / KS) SOA 57050" (Stoyanov 2006a: 254 f. 3-b).

Vratsa Province / Област Враца: "52. Orobanche reticulata Wall. Bu Forebalkan (Western): between Tsakonitsa and Kameno Pole villages, Mezdra district, GN29, 22.05.2010, coll. D. Dimitrov (SO 106 394)" (Dimitrov & Kachaunova 2013: 274, sub O. reticulata).

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China / Chine / Китай / 中国 [in error]

Yunnan Province / 云南: "214国道, 迪庆藏族自治州, 云南省 [27°54'11.7"N 99°38'11.7"E 27.903262, 99.636580], CN, 28 Jul 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/128286181 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3912045660 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/tausher [桃子], sub O grigorjevii, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023, O. alba s.l. apparently on Salvia sp.).

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1930: 157-158, sub O. reticulata; Greuter & al. 1989: 264; FCD 7116, sub O. reticulata [incl. O. pallidiflora] in 2004 Flora Croatica Database (FCD), accessed Jul 2019)

Dubrovnik-Neretva County / Dubrovačko-neretvanska županija: "20207, Bosanka, Dubrovnik, Chorvatsko [42°38'42.9"N 18°07'14.2"E 42.645250, 18.120611], 1 May 2015" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37612286 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2557803030 by Václav Dvořák https://www.inaturalist.org/people/vaclavdvorak in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023 [very illustrative images, with calyx-segments bidentate]); "20000, Dubrovnik [42°38'52.9"N 18°06'35.8"E 42.648019, 18.109931], 29 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/159712584 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/martef, sub O. reticulata, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023, sub O. reticulata).

Lika-Senj County / Ličko-senjska županija: "Northern Velebit National Park [44°42'00.2"N 15°01'36.8"E 44.700062, 15.026900], Jablanac, 22 Jul 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/175016347 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/sandro_bogdanovic [Sandro Bogdanović] in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023 [very pigmented specimens]).

Primorje-Gorski Kotar County / Primorsko-goranska županija: "51218, Soboli [45°25'58.2"N 14°34'40.5"E 45.432839, 14.577902], 9 Jul 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/181533406 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4407373922 by Sebastian Ćato in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023 [very illustrative images]).

Zagreb County / Zagrebačka županija: "Croatia: Agram [Zagreb] [1 [f. pallidiflora]]" (Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika / Tschechischen Republik (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora, "Bohem. (r.). Morav. Austr. (r.)"; Beck 1890: 222, sub O. reticulata; Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Zázvorka 2000: 496-499, 497 t. 80 f. 1-1a, sub O. reticulata; Pusch 2009: 45, sub O. reticulata)

Ústí nad Labem Region / Ústecký kraj / Region Aussig: "Böhmen ... Laun [Louny] ... Leitmeritz [Litoměřice]" (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora); "Orobanche reticulata ssp. pallidiflora at Hazmburg castle / Bohemia (Czech Republic), 13.06.2008, paras. on Cirsium eriophorum" (Uhlich in Galería de Holger1963 [good photography!], accessed Sep 2012).

Hradec Králové Region / Královéhradecký kraj: "Böhmen (Königgrätz [Hradec Králové] ... Gitschin [Jičín]" (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora).

Karlovy Vary Region / Karlovarský kraj / Carlsbad Region [Bohemia / Čechy]: "Fotografováno dne 27.7.2008 (nedaleko Humnice v Doupovských horách)" (O. reticulata by Daniel Koutecký in www.botany.cz, accessed Sep 2012).

Olomouc Region / Olomoucký [Moravia / Morava / Mähren]: "O. reticulata / Písečná u Jeseníku [Jeseník District] / 2003.07.02" (http://www.biolib.cz/en/image/id15308/, id15309 and id15307 by Lukáš Konečný in www.biolib.cz; accessed Mar 2013 [see O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora]); "790 01 Jeseník-Jeseník 1 [50°14'52.7"N 17°11'28.2"E 50.247977, 17.191168 (Jeseník / Frývaldov [Jeseník District])], Česko, 17 Jul 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/189960856 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/fanylamla [ František Lamla], sub O. reticulata, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2023 [see O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora, typical habit and habitat]).

Pardubice Region / Pardubický kraj / Pardubitzer Region: "Böhmen ... Pardubitz [Pardubice]" (Hayek 1914: 151, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora).

South Moravian Region / Jihomoravský: "Austr. (Mähren [Moravia / Morava / Mähren])" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. procera); "Moravia ([1 [f. pallidiflora]] prope Nikolsburg [Mikulov / Nikolshburg])" (Beck 1890: 222).

N.B. "All material from Czech Republic territories belongs to the O. pallidiflora morphotype" (Zázvorka 2000: 498, sub O. reticulata).

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Denmark / Danmark / Dinamarca / Danemark / Dänemark (Beck 1930: 157, sub O. reticulata)

Southern Denmark: O. reticulata in www.fugleognatur.dk (accessed Sep 2012).

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Estonia / Estland / Eesti / Эстония (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 333[456], Baltic, sub O. pallidiflora)

Hiiu County / Hiiu maakond / Hiiumaa: "... Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. et Grab. / Kőpu ps. kv. 176 lit.4 ... / ... / 29.07.1995 / Leg. et det. Taavi Tuulik" (TAA 0155342 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3412744362; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019).

Jőgeva County / Jőgeva maakond: "... / Orobanche pallidiflora ... / Tartu r. Puurmani lähedal metsasihil [Pőltsamaa Parish / Pőltsamaa vald] / 16.VIII.1968 Leg. L. Viljasoo / Det. E. Parmasto" (TAA 0088085 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1148220858; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019).

Rapla County / Rapla maakond: "Ex Herbario Alberti Ueksipi / Orobanche pallidiflora Wimm. & Gr. / 18.7.1945, Järvakandi: Rüta / In prato subsilvoso, ... (flores albis)" (https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1148677900 - TSB 70627 - TU 255165.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019) (http://dbiodbs.univ.trieste.it/carso/chiavi_pub26?spez=8941 et 3100&specie=8941 (sub O. pallidiflora) by University of Tartu, Estonia et Rein Kalamees in 2009 KeytoNature - Dryades (Moro & al. 2003); accessed Jul 2019); O. pallidiflora in Estonia, 1 July 2016 (photo 4/43 by Marko Vainu in https://commons.wikimedia.org; accessed Jul 2019).

Tartu County / Tartu maakond / Tartumaa: "Metsasihi tee T1, Vorbuse [58°25'05.2"N 26°36'30.0"E 58.418121, 26.608345], 61412, 9 Jul 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/125464976 by Veljo Runnel, sub O. reticulata, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2023, sub O. pallidiflora).

inicio / top of page

Finland / Suomi / Finlandia / Финляндия [n.v.]

"Ohdakenäive (Orobanche reticulata) Parasitic on Cirsium oleraceum and Cirsium helenioides." (Finnish-index; accessed Jul 2019).

inicio / top of page

France / Francia / Frankreich (Wallroth 1825: 42, loc. class. of O. reticulata; Grenier 1853: 633, sub O. Scabiosae; Reichenbach f. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 54, loc. class. of O. cirsii; Beck 1890: 221, sub O. reticulata; Rouy 1909: 172, sub O. platystigma; Beck 1930: 157, sub O. reticulata; Greuter & al. 1989: 264; Tela Botanica, accessed Jan 2009; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 286, sub O. reticulata; Pusch 2009: 45, sub O. reticulata)

 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Ain (01): "sommet de ... et du Reculet dans le Jura [Jura mountains] (Rapin)" (Grenier 1853: 633, sub O. scabiosae); "sommet du Reculet ... MM. Grenier et Godron" (Cariot 1854: 392, sub O. scabiosae); "la Faucille!, au dessus de Thoiry, le Colombier!" (Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. Scabiosae Koch); "Au sortier mčme de Tenay ... aux racines du Cirsium bulbosum DC. ... J'ai donc cru devoir rapporter l'Orobanche de Tena ŕ la variété de l'Orobanche Scabiosae Koch" (Gillot 1876: CIX-CX, loc. class. of O. scabiosae var. cirsii Gillot); "Herb. C. Flagey / Orobanche platystigma Rchb. / Orobanche scabiosae Koch / ... Parasite sur Carduus / defloratus. La Faucille (Ain) Env. 1290 m / ... / ... 1878 / ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00598746 - P 00598746.jpg - hb. L. Rotereau - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/02/1/P00598746.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438621786 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B6F48FEC626C4DE98972800A54ABD14B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Jura helvétique et français: ... Faucille, Colombier, au dessus de Thoiry, ... , St-Rambert en Bugey [Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey]" (Saint-Lager 1883: 610, sub O. scabioshaerens); "Spécialement sur Carduus L. spp. (chardons), souvent sur Carduus defloratus L. s.l. (Chardon décapité). Ain (01), F. 03 juillet 2009" (O. reticulata by don't_think's photostream, accessed Sep 2012); (Julve & al. 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Cantal (15): 1. "Plante couverte de poil gladuleux violets / sur Cirsium arvense". 2. "9187 / ... / Orobanche platystigma Rchb. / 30 juillet 1969 / Prčs du Tunnel du Lioran, / St. Jacques-des-Blats (Cantal)" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00598745 - P 00598745.jpg - hb. H. Bouby - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/436957721 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/541063621E574516AB5B3834711A2490; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Cantal [45°06'44.8"N 2°52'46.7"E 45.112451, 2.879633, Ezoldebeau, Murat], Sep 2021 / Sur Cirsium erisithales / Cirsium rivulare" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/94574144 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3383984688 by Kélian Gautier in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023 [very pigmented]), "15300 Albepierre-Bredons [45°04'40.1"N 2°51'42.1"E 45.077806, 2.861680], 19 Jul 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/132802570 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/kelian_gtr [Kélian Gautier] in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2023).

Haute-Savoie (74): "Brizen [Brizon / Brison] au-dessus de Solaîson [plateau de Solaison], Saléve [Salčve] ŕ la Grande-Gorge" (Saint-Lager 1883: 610, sub O. scabioshaerens).

Isčre (38): "Hab. In radicibus cirsii arvensis parasitica: montée de Laffrey; Nantes-en-Rattier" (Arvet-Touvet 1871: 54, loc. class. of O. cirsii Arvet-Touvet)

Puy-de-Dôme (63): 1. "Herbier M. de Wailly / Plantes de France / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / Talus / Theix prčs Aydat - Puy de Dôme / nş 2532   14 Juin 1932 / Legit M. de Wailly". 2. "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 35202 / Orobanche / platystigma Rchb. / (O. reticulata Wallr.) / Puy-de-Dôme / Plante provenant / de l'Herbier / M. de Wailly (donné en 1954)" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04411770 - P 04411770.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the four specimens seem to correspond to O. alba]); 1. "... / Orobanche rapum-genistae / Chambon (Puy de Dôme) / A. Raynal 2337 / 10.7.1957". 2. "Herbier J. & & A. Raynal / Plantes de Francce / (Massif Central) / récoltée par A Raynal-Roques / (1954-1957)" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p00598743 - P 00598743.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016); "Herb. Lugd. Batav. / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / Leg. J.J. Barkman / No.: 4891 Dat.: 22-8-1955 / Loc.: Auvergne, Puy-de-Dôme, Besse [Besse-et-Saint-Anastaise], 950 m / in ± open beukenbos... / wocheremd op Cirsium erysithales [Cirsium erisithales (Jacq.) Scop.] det.: J.J.B." (http://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816792 - L 2816792.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2019).

Savoie (73): "Herbier E. Delpature / ... / Orobanche / Laserpitii-Sileris Rapin / Pralognan [Pralognan-la-Vanoise] / Juillet 1953" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03810526 - P 03810526.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/607534692 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/989916BE2B564847855FC26ED8052FA6; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2021, sub O. reticulata).

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté [Bourgogne / Burgundy / Borgońa-Franche-Comté / Franco Condado]

Doubs (25): "O. Scabiosae / ... Citadelle de Besançon / 22 juin 1847 / Grenier" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419096 - P 04419096.jpg - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. elatior]); "Orobanche Scabiosae / ... du rochers du mt. d'Or (Doubs) / 20 juillet 1854 / Grenier" (P 04419099 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Pied du rocher du mont d'Or (Doubs) Grenier!" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma); "St-Hippolyte [Saint-Hippolyte]" (Saint-Lager 1883: 610, sub O. scabioshaerens); Besançon (O. reticulata in http://crdp.ac-besancon.fr; accessed Mar 2013); (Julve & al., 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Jura (39): "Orobanche procera Koch / Lieux incultes entre Choisey et Parcey / pres Dole, sur le Carduus nutans / 15 juillet 1859 / Michaelet [Eugene Michalet]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419095 - P 04419095.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419095.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464987608 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/48E15A5D0BB247FE9FDE6D7BFF280247; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Gall. (... Jura)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. Scabiosae); "Sur le Carduus nutans; bords de champs entre Choisey et Parcey / prčs Dole" (Michalet 1864: 252, sub Orobanche procera Koch); "Rg. alp.; sur les Carduus defloratus et personata; ab. au Noirmont au-dessus des Rousses! ... sur le Carduus crispus, au pied des rochers de Rochefort prčs Dole, á 230 m. d'altitude!" (Michalet 1864: 252, sub O. Scabiosae Koch); "L' Orobanche Scabiosae se recontre du reste non loin dans le Jura, et croět en parasite non-seulement sur les racines des Scabieuses, mai aussi sur celles del Carduacées (Carduus defloratus L., Cirsium eriophorum Scop.)" (Gillot 1876: CIX-CX, sub O. scabiosae); "Jurass." (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma); "Bois d'Amont (Jura - France) le 30/05/2011 sur Carduus defloratus" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon in Pharmanatur, accessed Mar 2013); (Julve & al. 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega (20) [unconfirmed (Greuter & al. 1989: 264, "? 231 [Gamisans 1985]"; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 67-68, "n'est pas présent en Corse")]

Grand Est / Great East / Großer Osten [Alsace / Elsass / Elsaß / Alsacia-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine] (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. pallidiflora, "Alsat. (rr.)")

Haut-Rhin / Owerelsŕss (68): (Julve & al., 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Bas-Rhin (67): "Alsat. pr. Erstein" (Nyman 1881: 559, loc. class. of O. serotina Kirschl., sub O. pallidiflora; Julve & al., 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Vosges (88): "Voges [Vosges Mountains] (Hoheneck)" (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma).

Midi-Pyrénées

Haute-Garonne (31): "in agro Tolotono [Toulouse, N 43° 36' 15'' E 1° 26' 37'']" (Wallroth 1825: 42, loc. class. of O. reticulata).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine [Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes]

Charente-Maritime (17): "Plantes de France / Herbier A. Fouillade / Orobanche platystigma Rchb. / Pointe du Chay (Chte. Maritime) / sur Carduus nutans  7 juin 1928, ... / var. ŕ čtamines glabres ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419376 - P 04419376.jpg - hb. Guétrot - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419376.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464911689 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9C7F520D78DE4307A2C4A50C2BF7694C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Société Française pour l'Échange des / Plantes / Vasculaires - Exsicc. B. de Retz / Fascicule nş 6 (1952-1953) / Nş 2091 Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / Charente-Maritime - Angoulins-sur-Mer, champs ŕ la pointe ou Chay [pointe du Chay], / sur Carduus nutans L. / 9 mai 1952 Leg. & det. L. Rallet" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04392439 - P 04392439.jpg - hb. J. Arénes - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/30/3/P04392439.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464824946 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A77D6D1B489441639B9B138D93B1FF4C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Société Française pour l'Échange des / Plantes / Vasculaires - Exsicc. B. de Retz / Fascicule nş 6 (1952-1953) 2948 / Nş 2091 Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / Charente-Maritime - Angoulins-sur-Mer, champs ŕ la pointe ou Chay, / sur Carduus nutans L. / 9 mai 1952 Leg. & det. L. Rallet" (P 04432502; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); 1. idem – 2. "Herbier Bernard de Retz / Nş 37128 / Orobanche / platystigma Reichb. / (= O. reticulata Wallr.) / ... / 5349"  (P 04411772; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013).

Vienne (86): (Julve & al. 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Occitanie / Occitania [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Aričge (09): "09800 Balagučres [42°58'41.7"N 1°01'09.0"E 42.978255, 1.019179], 19 Jun 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/28019885 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2283110615 by Pierre Quévreux in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023 [yellowish form, flowers with bidentate calyx and scarcely pigmented corolla, on Cirsium sp.]).

Haute-Garonne / Nauta Garona (31): 1. "ad reticulatam // Wallroth / orig [?]". – 2. "Herb. Mertens / Orobanche elatior / Toulouse 1807 D. Flügge". – 3. "Herb. Mertens / Orobanche reticulata / mihi". – 4. "? Orobanche reticulata / 1955.V.7 Teste: Н. Цвелев [N. Tzvelev]. – 5. "Lectotype Orobanche reticulata Wallr. / designated MJY Foley - (i.1998) / (for Flora iberica)" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01036370 - LE 01036370 [Record creation: 2019-02-28, Andrey Sytin, PhotoScan D1]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023); "in agro Tolotono" [Toulouse, N 43° 36' 15'' E 1° 26' 37''] (Wallroth 1825: 42, loc. class. of O. reticulata); "Toulouse (3, leg. Flügg.)" (Beck 1890: 219, loc. class. of O. reticulata f. typica).

Hautes-Pyrénées / Nauts Pirenčus / Hauts Pirenčus (65): "H.J. / Orobanche procera / Cirque de Troumouse [42°43'50.2"N 0°06'32.0"E, Gčdre] / (Pyré. centra. [Central Pyrenees]) / ... (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419091 - P 04419091.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419091.jpg - www.gbif.org/occurrence/465065151 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4B433FD2A1464F13BB47CF1EEB80418B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "O. procera Koch / (Pyré. centr. [Central Pyrenees]) 1853 / Bois de L'Héris [Asque, Bagnčres-de-Bigorre] juillet ... / Philippe" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419090 - P 04419090.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419090.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464742304 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A0DAD11C73A34B329DE330E932217097; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); 1. "Orobanche rapum ? / ŕ Héas [Gčdre] (H. pyr.) Sur le Carduus carlinoides L. / ... / 49   Loret 1854". 2. "Orobanche procera Kch ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419098 - P 04419098.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419098.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465198385 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/1CFADD4295664EDB81FD65A3CA102ED4; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Pyrénées centrales: sur les racines du Carduus defloratus, bois de Lhéris [Asque, Bagnčres-de-Bigorre]; du Carduus carlinoďdes, vallée de Héas [Gčdre] R." (Philippe 1859: 131, sub O. Scabiosae); "Bois de L'Héris [Asque, Bagnčres-de-Bigorre] Philippe!" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma); "Pyrénées, aux cirques de Gavarnie et de Troumouse, sur le Carduus carlinoides" (Michalet 1864: 252, sub Orobanche procera Koch); "...et l'autre ŕ Héas [Gčdre], sur les flancs du Maillet, au pied du Mont-Ferrant, propiéte de la vallé de Baréges [Barčges]" (Miégeville 1866: 346-347, loc. class. of O. carlinoidis Miégev.); "Montagnes: Lhéris [Asque, Bagnčres-de-Bigorre] (Ph.), Héas (Dev.; Mié.) R." (Dulac 1867: 370); "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 69413 / Orobanche platystigma Rchb. / (= Orobanche reticulata Wallr.) / stigmate pourpre / 28 juillet 1974 / Gendre [Gčdre] (Hautes-Pyrénées) / sur les pentes Sud de / Pčne Blanque [Pic de Pčne Blanque , N 42° 54' 0''E 0° 12' 0'', Bagnčres-de-Bigorre], alt. 1750 m / Leg. B. de Retz" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04411762 - P 04411762.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/4/P04411762.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464986668 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7EB835B3EE704AEA9882AD7D8DE5CF95; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 et Nov 2021 [ut O. gracilis]); "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 22267 / Orobanche / platystigma Rchb. / var. scabiosae (Koch) Rouy / 31 juillet 1946 / Bareges [Barčges] (Htes. Pyrénées) / La Montagne Fleurie / prairies rocailleuses / alt. 1800 m. / Leg. B. de Retz" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04411767 - P 04411767.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/4/P04411767.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464910540 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/55B8590B9C3C4DE78EC7A6CA717AD497; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. alba]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenčus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): 1. "Bois de Ragot [?] / O. Scabiosae Koch / -- erisithalis Loret / 29 juin 1860". – 2. "Etiquette de / M. Lamotte" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419086 - P 04419086.jpg - hb. Loret - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419086.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464670048 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/30BE5AC6A668482780CC7CDDF0475A0C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Cerdagne, Vall de Llo, Serra des Clots, paturages des flancs vers 2100 m, 28-VII-1920, Fr. Sennen, BC 822398 (loc. class. of O. lloana Sennen). Vallée de Valce a Bollesč, sol, calcaire, 2000 m, 22-VIII-1910, J. Soulié, MPU s/n-Herbier Coste." (Pujadas 2001: 83, sub O. reticulata).

Pays de la Loire

Sarthe (72): "Herbier L. Chevalier / Orobanche procera ... / Environs de Saosnes / dans le médiane ... champ sur / Carduus nutans / 29.6.1876 / ..." (P 04405584; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. hederae]).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): (Julve & al., 2013, accessed Mar 2013).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 1825-b / Orobanche / platystigma Rchb. / var. scabiosae ( Koch) Rouy / parasite sur Helianthemum[?] / 7 aoűt 1932 / Saint Martin Vesubie (Alpes-Maritimes) / éboulis entre le Col St- / Martin et le Balme de la / Prema, alt. 1800 m / Leg. B. de Retz" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04411765 - P 04411765.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465064181 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7A219508117A488BB9F16B5D4DF17851; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar. 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. alba])

Bouches-du-Rhône (13): "N 20 Orobanche major L. ?  Scabiosa Koch / Sur des chardous, dans les lieux ... / aux environs des Martegaux prčs / Marseille / 12 mai 1861 / Roux" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419088 - P 04419088 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the sheet contains two specimens that are not typical]); "B.-du-Rh: St-Julien prčs Marseille" (Saint-Lager 1883: 610, sub O. scabioshaerens); "présent çŕ et lŕ dans les zones les plus froides du département par exemple au nord du massif de Sainte-Victoire et ŕ la Sainte-Baume, ainsi qu’ŕ la Montagnette ŕ Graveson (divers observateurs), oů il parasite le genre Carduus" (Crouzet & al. 2009: 60, sub O. reticulata Wallr. [incl. O. pallidiflora Wimm. et Grab.]); "Thistle Broomrape (Orobanche reticulata) flowering. A Parasitic plant growing on Centaurea aspera in an Olive orchard. Chaîne des Alpilles, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence, France. June." (Alamy 52275622.html, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019, sub O. kochii).

Hautes-Alpes (05): 1. "mt. Séuse prčs de Gap / 17 Juille 1842 Grenier". -- 2. "Orobanche Scabiosa Koch / ex Reuter! (1851)" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419087 - P 04419087.jpg - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); ibidem, "14 aoűt 1848 / Grenier" (P 04419089 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar. 2013); "pâturages des Hautes-Alpes, mont Séuse prčs de Gap! (Gren.); "Orobanche Scabiosa Koch / Lautaret, le longe de la Romanche au remontaut / du coté de l'Alpe; Sur le Carduus defloratus / 3 aoűt 1848 / Grenier" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419093 - P 04419093.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419093.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465198384 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B7AA85F28529445B9FD850ACBDE69F30; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); Lautaret! (Gren. Jord.)" (Grenier 1853: 633, sub O. Scabiosae); 1. "Orobanche Major / Les coteaux ... / Mathonnet, botabiste, ŕ Villar-d'Arčne [Aręne] / 1847". – 2. "Herb Mus. Paris / Orobanche Scabiosa Kch / ... " (P 04419094 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Gall. (Dauph. [Dauphiné])" (Nyman 1854-1855: 131, sub O. Scabiosae); "Mont Seuze prčs de Gap! Grenier! ... Lautaret le long de la Romanche. Grenier! Villar d'Arčne [Aręne]. Mathonnet!" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma); "nş 56 / Orobanche Scabiosa Koch / mt Auroure prčs de Gap / 6 aoűt 1865 / Burle Greres" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419097 - P 04419097.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419097.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465133416 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6E5409742B81476591940B190F4B58FD; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar. 2013); "Delph. [Dauphiné]" (Nyman 1881: 559, sub O. platystigma); "H.-Alp.: la Grave, Villard d'Arčre [Aręne], Lautaret, Abričs en Queyras, mont Séuse" (Saint-Lager 1883: 610, sub O. scabioshaerens); "Herbier A. Pellat / Orobanche platystigma Rchb. / O. scabiosa Koch / Lautaret (Htes Alp) / parasite / sur le Carduus carlinifolius [Carduus defloratus subsp. carlinifolius (Lam.) Ces.] / Aout 1894 / Leg. A. Pellat" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410936 - P 04410936.jpg - hb. Léveillé - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/3/P04410936.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464987582 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/DCA2A482CF8A4EAD9CDB8D3FE89D4A31; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013); "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 1825-a / Orobanche / platystigma Rchb. / var. scabiosae Ry / 17 juillet 1931 / Massif du Mont-Aurouse / (Hautes Alpes) / prairies sous la Fontaine / au Vallon, alt. 1850 m / Leg. B. de Retz" (P 04411768; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar. 2013); "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 16232 / Orobanche / platystigma Rchb. / var. Scabiosae Ry / 9 aout 1939 / Massif du Mont-Aurouse / (Hautes Alpes) / Col Conode / Pentes d'éboulis sous le / Pic de Bure, alt. 2000 ŕ / 2300 m / Leg. B. de Retz" (P 04411769; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Mar. 2013); "Herbier Bernard de Retz /  Nş 3383 / Orobanche / platystigma Rchb. / var. scabiosae