Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 3 January 2014


Name:

Orobanche ritro Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 635 (1853)

Accepted Name:

Orobanche centaurina Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 430 (1846) [= Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz in Flora (Regensb.) 30(5): 66 [t. 2 f. 1] (1847 [7 Feb 1847]) (Zázvorka & al. 2019, "the name of Bertoloni is the correct one for this species")]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche rhytrosepiphyta St.-Lag., Cat. Fl. Bass. Rhône: 610 (1883) ["O. Ritro G. G."], nom. illeg.

Orobanche echinophya St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 650 (1889)

Orobanche major subsp. ritro (Gren.) Douin in Bonnier & Douin, Fl. Ill. France 8: 97 (1926) ["2.160. Orobanche major L. ... 2.160 b. O. ritro G. G."]

Orobanche major var. ritro var. ritro (Gren.) Willk., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Hispan.: 188 (1893) ["Orobanche major L. β Ritro (Gr. Godr., fl. Fr. II, p. 635! pro specie) ... (n. v.)"]

Orobanche major f. ritro (Gren.) Beck, Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 171 (1890)

Orobanche major r. ritro (Gren.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 181 (1909) ["race (proles)"], nom. illeg.

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche echinopis Pančić, Oesterr. Bot. Z., 18: 80 (1868). Syn.: Orobanche salviae subsp. echinopis (Pančić) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 560 (1881). Ind. loc.: "Habitat copiosissima in arena mobili ad Vakarec [Serbia (Vojvodina, Banatus), Vakarec Hill 5 km S-SW of Banatski Karlovac town] et Fontina fetje [Serbia (Vojvodina, Banatus), Deliblato Sands, Devojacki bunar (Girl´s well), 9 km S of Alibunar town] agris Romanorum in Banatu parasitica in radice Echinopis Ritronis (?). Floret Julio" (Zázvorka 2010: 88). Ic.: "Flora selecta exsiccata / Publié par Ch. Magnier / 3825.– Orobanche echinopis Pančić ... / Hongrie: Liofok (comté de Wesprem); prčs sablonneux sur les bordes du Balaton. –  Parasite sur les Echinops. / Legit Hermann. 16 juillet 1884. Richter." (MA 170768)

= Orobanche salviae subsp. echinopis (Pančić) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 560 (1881) ["41. O. Salviae ... *O. Echinopis Panc. - Banat."].  Obs. "Subspecies ideo (litteris minimis impressae) notantur asterisco (*)" (Nyman 1881: iv, 560)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche major auct. pl., non Orobanche major L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753), nom. rej. [= Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)]

Orobanche elatior auct. pl., non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) [e.g., Chater & Webb 1972: 363 "292(34)"; Uhlich & al. 1995: 134; Foley 2001: 71; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010]

Orobanche lutea auct. nonn., non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816) [e.g., auct. gall.]

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Ind. loc.: "Hab. Sur les racines de l'Echinops Ritro; collines sčches des environs de Gap, en allant ŕ Rabou et ŕ la Grangette [Col des Grangettes] (Gren. [Grenier]); Guillestre! (Boullu[Hautes-Alpes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] Ч Juillet".

Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Lectotype (designated here): Orobanche ritro - nob. / couleur jaune pâle. / Rabou prčs Gap. Sur l’Echinops ritro / 14 aoűt 1848 / Grenier / (handwritten by Grenier) // In addition, the sheet contains the following handwritten label by Reuter: Belle espčce que je ne connais pas! / probablement nouvelle. / (Reuter) 1851 / (P! [P 00654040])" (Pujadas 2012: 68)

Designated by: A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Gallica 159(1): 68 (2012 [30 May 2012]).

Host: see Orobanche centaurina Bertol.

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: Orobanche ritro Gren. [O. kochii F.W. Schultz], Orobanche leptantha Pomel [O. curvata Pomel; O. icterica Pau], Orobanche loscosii L. Carlón & al. [O. ritro auct. hisp.] and Orobanche elatior Sutton [Orobanche major auct. pl.] are considered conspecific by many authors (e.g., Chater & Webb 1972: 292; Greuter & al. 1989: 260; Foley 2001: 71; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010). But in our taxonomic treatment we have preferred to consider these taxa as different species, which have different morphological characters and, frequently, different host plants (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 2: 31-32, 40 t. 17. 2003; Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 56 [vide Orobanche major L. β Ritro]. 2005). According to Pujadas 2013: 161 "O. loscosii should be included among the synonyms for O. ritro". In our study, we indicated for the first time the main differential characters (e.g., the stigma color) between these taxa (Carlón & al. 2011). Orobanche ritri Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 635 (1853) (Tela Botanica, accessed Oct 2006).

Morphological observation: Grenier 1853: 635, "corolle ... beau jaune de soufre ... Plante fraîche, de beau jaune-paille" [yellow flowering form].

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a; lectotype (P 00654040.jpg); b, "Orobanche ritro Gren. / Lagarde prčs Gap / Leg. Blanc / Herbier donné par M. le Dr. Grennier, en 1875" (P 04406079.jpg); c, Reichenbach f. 1862: 97, t. 170 [yellow flowering form]; d, Bonnier 1926: t. 466 f. 2160b, sub "O. Ritro sur (Echinops Ritro)" [yellow flowering form]); e, Florealpes Orobanche lutea - Orobanche jaune (accessed May 2006); f, "O. echinopis Pančić; Hongrie: Liofok, comté de Wesprem (MA 170768); g, "Orobanche ritro Gr. Godr. / Major L. / sur la Centaurea aspera, l'Echinops Ritro / Sables de Mazargues [Marseille-Mazargues, France] / 8 juin 1896 / Roux et Blaise" (P 04406078).

Distribution: see Orobanche centaurina Bertol.

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Specimens examined and literature records (see Orobanche centaurina Bertol.).

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References (see Orobanche centaurina Bertol.).

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