Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us - ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 13 July 2017


Accepted Name:

Orobanche variegata Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 40 (1825) [see "Comments"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Catodiacrum variegatum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867), non Catodiacrum variegatum sensu Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370-371 (1867)

Orobanche variegata var. typica (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 478 (1902), nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche variegata var. typica (Beck) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934), nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche variegata f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202, t. 3 f. 61 (1890) ["Formas... 1. typica = Orobanche variegata Wallroth."], nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata sensu Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) [nom. illeg.]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: 34[XXXIV] (1826) (Beck, 1890: 202, "vidi orig. in herb. univers. Pragensis"; Béguinot, 1902: 478; Beck, 1930: 289). Syn.: Orobanche foetida sensu Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789) (Presl, 1826: 34[XXXIV], "Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl. / (O. foetida. Biv.)"). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Bivona-Bernardi, 1813: [16]). Herbarium Specimen: Type: "Orobanche grandiflora Presl, Fl. Sicul. I XXXIV / Orobanche foetida Biv. / In pratis apricis ad Panormum Sicilia / Maj. 1817 // "Orob. variegata Wallr. / det. Dr. G. Beck" // "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / rev. G. Domina / 05.02.2004" (PRC 454804)

= Orobanche condensata Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 2: 8 (1828) (Bertoloni, 1846: 433; Moris, 1858-1859: 247; Beck, 1890: 202, "1828"; Beck, 1930: 289; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "1828"; Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 131, "1827"). Ind. loc.: "Habui ex Sardinia [Italy] ab Eq. Prof. Morisio" (Bertoloni, 1846: 433); "Parasitica radicum Genistae corsicae [Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC.], Calycotomes villosae [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] aliarumque leguminosarum: S. Elia Cagliari [Sardegna, Italy / Italia / Italien]: Iglesias [Carbonia-Iglesias]: Insula S. Pietro: Arizzo" (Moris, 1858-1859: 247). Ic.: Reichenbach f., 1862: 93, t. 213, f. I 1-9

? = Orobanche satyrus De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 305 (1844) (Beck, 1890: 203; Greuter & al., 1989: 265). Syn.: Orobanche variegata var. satyrus (De Not.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 478 (1902);  Orobanche variegata f. satyrus (De Not.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Genova nella valle della Polcevera [Liguria, Italy / Italia / Italien] (DNtrs.)" (Béguinot, 1902: 478). Herbarium Specimen: P 04384675 [unconfirmed, in error for O. gracilis or O. rapum-genistae?]

? = Orobanche superba De Not., Prosp. Fl. Ligust.: 34 (1846) (Beck, 1890: 202, "sec. Reuter"; Béguinot, 1902: 478; Beck, 1930: 289). Ind. loc.: Liguria, Italy / Italia / Italien. Herbarium specimen: "Portofino" (P 04384674 [unconfirmed, in error for O. gracilis?])

= Orobanche sicula Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 255 (1882 [1 Aug 1882]) (Beck, 1890: 203; Greuter & al., 1989: 265). Syn.:  "Orobanche spartii f. ex Tin. in Herb."; Orobanche variegata f. sicula (Lojac.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890). Ind. loc.: "In Silvaticis, Valdemone [Val Demňne / Val Demona, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] (locus specialis non indicatus) Junio." (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 227). Obs. "Lectotype (here designated): PAL 43216" (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 227)

= Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882 [1 Aug 1882]), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816). Syn.: Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813). Ind. loc.: "In sylvaticis, in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza [Palermo Province, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo, rarissima. (Jun. 1878)". Obs. "Questa pianta riportata da Bivona sotto il nome di var. lutea, della O. Spartii, ha tutti i titoli per costituire una distinta specie ... che crediamo elevare questa pianta al rango di specie" (Lojacono, 1882: 256). Neotype (here designated): PAL 56360 [Herbarium Mediterraneum Panormitanum / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / su Calycotome infesta / Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro (Palermo) / 26.05.2004 / leg. G. Domina.]" (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 232, loc. class. of Orobanche lutea Lojac.)

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= Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813) ["β Lutea ... aliquando flavo"] (Gussone, 1828-32: 183). Syn.: Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816); Orobanche spartii var. lutea (Biv.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32) (sec. Beck, 1890: 202, "Bivona Bern. Stirp. rar. Sic. Manip. 1"); Orobanche variegata f. lutea (Biv.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Bivona-Bernardi, 1813: [16])

= Orobanche spartii var. rubra Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32)  ["b. rubra"]. Ind. loc.: "var. b. Nicosia [Nicosia / Nicusěa, Province of Enna, Sicily, Italy], Terranova [Olbia / Tarranňa / Terranňa / Terranova Pausania, Gallura Sub-region, Sardinia, Italy]" (Gussone, 1828-32: 183)

= Orobanche spartii var. lutea (Biv.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32)  ["c. lutea Biv. l.c."] (Beck, 1890: 202, "Bivona Bern. Stirp. rar. Sic. Manip. 1"). Syn.: Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813); Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816); = Orobanche variegata f. epixantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890). Obs. "varietatem c. non vidi" (Gussone, 1828-32: 183)

= Orobanche gracilis var. villosa Strobl, Flora 1885: 640 (1885) ["β. villosa mihi = Or. Spartii Guss. Pr., Syn. et Herb.!, non Vauch."] (Beck, 1890: 202; Béguinot, 1902: 478; Beck, 1930: 289). Syn.: = Orobanche spartii sensu Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182[-183] (1828-32), non Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827) nec Orobanche spartii Vaucher ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32). Ind. loc.: "var. β. : An sonnigen, buschigen Rainen vor Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina, Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien]! April, Mai"

? = Orobanche variegata var. satyrus (De Not.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 478 (1902) ["β Satyrus (DNtrs.)"]. Syn.:  Orobanche satyrus De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 305 (1844). Obs. unconfirmed, in error for O. gracilis?

? = Orobanche variegata var. integrisepala Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 618 [12] (1929 [1930]) (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Adenocarpo Boudyi [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire] prope Ras-el-Ma Atlantis Medii [Sidi-Bel-Abbčs, Algérie / Algeria / Argelia], ad alt. 1550 m.". Herbarium Specimens: Holotype: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Azrou ŕ Ras-el-Ma, / sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire]. 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brillant int. jaune sale veiné de rou- / ge ext. stigmate jaune. / ... / Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 002113; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [since this colouring and morphology are frequent in O. gracilis, the specimens seem to correspond to it (incl. O. tetuanensis)]. "Lectotype (designated here): “Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var / Moyen Atlas; Agrau ŕ Ras-el-Ma, sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire – 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brilliant int., jaune sale veiné de rouge ext., stigmate jaune. / Dr. R. Maire” [manu Maire] (MPU-2113)." (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata)

? = Orobanche variegata var. porphyrostigma Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 618 [12] (1929 [1930]). Syn.:  Orobanche variegata var. typica f. porphyrostigma (Maire) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Erinacea Anthyllide: prope jugum Taghzeft Atlantis Medii [Taghzeft Pass / col du Taghzeft / Tizi-n-Taghzeft / Tizi-Taghzeft, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos] ad alt. 2000 m (Humbert et Maire, 1923); in Cytiso Balansae [Cytisus balansae (Boiss.) Ball] in monte Moussa-ou-Salah [Jbel Moussa ou Salah, Bou Iblane range, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], ad alt. 2.600 mn (Emberger et Maire, 1927)". Herbarium Specimens: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n-Taghzeft, sur / Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int. / gris-jaune lavée de rouge / ext. stigmate purpurin. / 1-7-1923 / Dr R. Maire (MPU 002114; type [in sched.] et sintype sec. M. Durand & C. Loup, 14.05.2004 [in sched.]); P 00083144; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [the two specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Lectotype (designated here):Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n. Taghzeft, sur Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int., gris-jaune lavée de rouge ext., stigmate purpurin. / Dr. R. Maire” [manu Maire] MPU-2114; isolectotype: P-8314) (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata). Obs. "A typo differet stigmate rubro nec flavo" (Maire, 1930: [12])

? = Orobanche variegata var. nepae Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 23: 204 (1932). Ind. loc.: "MA. Mont Tazzeka [Tazzeka Mountains / Djebel Tazzeka / Jbel Tazzeka ["supra urbem Taza ... 1900 m"], Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], sur Ulex (Nepa) Webbianus (Maire) [Ulex boivinii Webb; U. webbianus Coss.] ["die 18 junii 1925"]" (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696). Herbarium Specimens: "Dr R. Maire. iter Maroccanum decimum / Université d Alger / 1925 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobranche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens / rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma / ex atrorubente aurantiacum / In Atlantis Medii montibus supra urben / Taza: ad radices Ulicis Webbiani 1500 m / 18-6" (MPU 002985; holotype sec. Madaule, Durand & Loup, 17/06/2004, in sched.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [specimen bad preserved, the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis), but needs be confirmed in further studies]) et (P 00083145; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [specimen bad preserved]); "Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire Iter Maroccanum Decimum, 1925 / “Orobanche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma ex atrorubente aurantiacum / in Atlantis Medii monti bus supra urben Taza: ad radices Ulicis webbiani, 1500 m / die 18 junii” [manu Maire] (MPU-2985; isolectotype: P-83145)" (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata). Obs. "corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens rubro-venosi ... stigma ex atrorubente aurantiacum" (Maire on MPU 002985, label)

= Orobanche variegata var. sicula (Lojac.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935). Syn.:  Orobanche sicula Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 255 (1882)

? = Orobanche variegata var. pseudosatyrus Maire in Emb. & Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 441 (1938). Ind. loc.: Ksiba, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos (Emberger, Jahandiez & Maire, 1941: 1130). Herbarium Specimens: "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVII / Université d Alger / 1936 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. pseudo. satyrus / Atlantis Medius: Tizi n. Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra / Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpi anagyri- / folii var. leiocarpi [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius var. leiocarpus Maire] solo calcareo 1600 m /. Stigma ex albido luteum corolla flavo- / brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra. nitida 21-6[-1936]" (P 04363849 et MPU 021328; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVIII / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. satyrus (De Not.) / (integrisepala) / In Quercetis Atlantis Medii ad Tizi-n / Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpii / anagyrifolii [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius Coss. & Balansa]. Corolla ochracea ± rubro suffusa intus / stigma luteum, stylus purpureus / 9-4[-1937]" (P 04363848; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire iter Maroccanum XXVII, 1936 / “Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. pseudo-satyrus / Atlas Medius: Tizi n. Ooria supra Ksiba, ad radices Adenocarpi anagyrifolii var. leiocarpi, solo calcareo, 1600 m / stigma albido luteus corolla flavo-brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra nitida / 21-6” [manu Maire] (MPU 21328; isolectotype: P 4363849) (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. gracilis).

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= Orobanche variegata f. amplisima Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 3. (Orobanche) amplisima"]. Syn.: = Orobanche spartii sensu Rchb. f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 [yellow form]; = Orobanche condensata sensu Lojac., Crit. Orob.: 35 (1883)

= Orobanche variegata f. aterrima Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 2. (Orobanche) aterrima"]. Ind. loc.: "Cum priore [typica]" (cf. Beck, 1930: 291)

? = Orobanche variegata f. bonensis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 5. (Orobanche) bonensis"]. Ind. loc.: Bone, Annaba Province, "Algeria"

= Orobanche variegata f. epixantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 4. (Orobanche) epixantha"]. Syn.: = Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816); = Orobanche spartii var. lutea Biv. ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32). Obs. "Corolla lutea" (cf. Beck, 1890: 202; Beck, 1930: 291)

= Orobanche variegata f. pachnodes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890) ["Formas... 8. (Orobanche) pachnodes"]. Ind. loc.: "Sicilia: prope Ficuzza [south of Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] (leg. Lo Jacono)"

= Orobanche variegata f. sicula (Lojac.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890) ["Formas... 6. (Orobanche) sicula Lo Jacono"]. Syn.:  Orobanche sicula Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 255 (1882); Orobanche variegata var. sicula (Lojac.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935)

? = Orobanche variegata f. satyrus (De Not.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890) ["Formas... 7. (Orobanche) satyrus De Notaris"]. Syn.:  Orobanche satyrus De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 305 (1844)

= Orobanche variegata  var. typica f. lutea (Biv.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Syn.: Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813). Obs. ? = O. variegata  var. typica f. lutea sensu Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934)

? = Orobanche variegata var. typica f. porphyrostigma (Maire) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Syn.: Orobanche variegata var. porphyrostigma Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 618 [12] (1929 [1930])

? = Orobanche variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 22: 311 n. 1107 (1931) (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696). Ind. loc.: "In atlante rifano [prope Bab-taza, Rif Mountains, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos]: in monte Khessana, ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss ["Atlas rifain occidental: Mont Khessana, sur Adenocarpus decorticans Boiss., 1400-1600 m (Font-Quer et Maire, 1930)"]" (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696, "Mont Khessana, sur Adenocarpus decorticans (Font-Quer et Maire)). Herbarium Specimens: Types: "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XX / 1930 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. integrisepala Maire / f. erythrostigma Maire / In Atlante rifano: in monte Khessana [prope Bab-taza, Rif Mountains] / ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss. / solo arenaceo, 1500-1600 m. / stigma rubrum.   die 23 junii" (MPU 002678 et MPU 002678 (b) holotype; RAB 033245; type; P 04021935; type)

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Misapplied names:

? – Catodiacrum variegatum sensu Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370-371 (1867), non Catodiacrum variegatum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) (Dulac, 1867: 370-371 [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]). Ind. loc.: "Bois, Buissons: Lesponne [Vallée de Lesponne, Hautes-Pyrénées / Nauts Pirenčus / Hauts Pirenčus, Languedoc-Roussillon, France] (Ph.). C" (Dulac, 1867: 371, sub Catodiacrum variegatum [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]). Obs. "Cor. jaune ŕ l'extérieur, pourprée ŕ l'intérieur" (Dulac, 1867: 371)

Orobanche condensata sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 18 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) [only Sardinian and Algerian records "in aridis insulae S.-Atioco (Muller! exsc. un. it.)" ... Algeriâ (Schimper! un. it. 1832 sub O. foetida); the rest unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]. Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche condensata Moris / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / SantAntiňgu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province, Sardinia, Italy] Majo / U.I. Müller. // ex herb. H. Van Heurck" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris. / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / SantAntiňgu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)] Majo / U.I. Müller." (P 04393732 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris! / Alger, in collibus ad rad. Calycotomis / spinosa [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] !   mars 1844 / Reuter" (P 03428636 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014)

Orobanche foetida auct. pl., non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789). Obs. e.g., lectotype: "O. foetida Prsl. sic. exsicc." (Reichenbach, 1829: 38, t. 672 f. 904, "Hist. ... DCLXXII. 904 in Spartio in Sicilis cl. Presl. emarcida")

Orobanche foetida sensu Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789). Syn.: Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: 34[XXXIV] (1826) (Wallroth, 1825: 41; Reuter, 1847: 17; Beck, 1890: 202; Beck, 1930: 289; Domina & Arrigoni, 2007: 133); = Orobanche spartii sensu Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Presl, 1826: 34[XXXIV], "Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl. / (O. foetida. Biv.)"). Obs. "colore saepius atro-purpureo" (Bivona-Bernardi, 1813: [15])

Orobanche gracilis auct., non Orobanche gracilis Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 172 (1798)

Orobanche lutea sensu Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882) ["Orobanche lutea Mihi ... M. Lojac. Contrib. Fl. Sic., ann. 1878"; Crit. Orob.: 38 (1883)], non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816). Syn.: = Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813) (Lojacono, 1882: 256); = Orobanche spartii var. lutea (Biv.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32) (cf. Lojacono, 1882: 256). Ind. loc.: "In sylvaticis, in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo [south of Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien], rarissima (Jun. 1878).". Obs. "Neotype (here designated): PAL 56360 [Herbarium Mediterraneum Panormitanum / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / su Calycotome infesta / Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro (Palermo) / 26.05.2004 / leg. G. Domina.]" (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 232). "Note: This name has been attributed to yellowish individuals that occasionally occur within the Orobanche variegata Wallr. population" (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 232). Ic.: Reichenbach f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 ["optima!" (Lojacono, 1882: 256)]; "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle 31.3.98" (photo by Günther's, sub O. rapum-genistae [yellow form], accessed Sept 2011)

Orobanche purpurea Raf., Caratt.: 80 (1810), non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (Gussone, 1828-32: 182; Reuter, 1847: 17; Beck, 1890: 202, "sec. Gussone"; Béguinot, 1902: 478)

Orobanche spartii sensu Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182[-183] (1828-32), non Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827) nec Orobanche spartii Vaucher ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32) (Tenore, 1835-36: 43; Beck, 1890: 202; Béguinot, 1902: 478; Beck, 1930: 289; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "1828"; M.J.Y. Foley, 2001: 72; view IPNI entry). Syn.:Orobanche foetida sensu Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789) (Gussone, 1828-32: 182 "exclusis synonymis"; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94); Orobanche purpurea Raf., Caratt.: 80 (1810), non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (Gussone, 1828-32: 182; Reuter, 1847: 17; Beck, 1890: 202, "sec. Gussone"; Béguinot, 1902: 478). Ind. loc. "Ad radices Spartii infesti [Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss. Spartium infestum C. Presl], et S. juncei [Spartium junceum L.], nec non Cytisi triflori [Cytisus villosus Pourr. = C. triflorus L'Hér]; sat raro in illis Thymi capitati[?]; var. b. Nicosia [Nicosia / Nicusěa, Province of Enna, Sicily, Italy], Terranova [Olbia / Tarranňa / Terranňa / Terranova Pausania, Gallura Sub-region, Sardinia, Italy]" (Gussone, 1828-32: 183). Ic.: Fl. Sicul. t. 313 (Gussone, 1828-32: 182); Reichenbach fil. Icon. Fl. Germ. 20: 117, t. 218 f. 2 ["Nostra: Panormi (Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien) Todaro!". Herbarium Specimens: "Todaro Flora Sicula Exiccata / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. mon. p. 42 / ad radices Spartii juncei - Palermo. / Majo / n. 1156 Legit Todaro" P 04384683; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014; idem P 04384684 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014; "Herbarium R. Hort. Bot. Panormitani / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. / Palermo, ad radices Spartii juncei  / Aprili Legit Todaro" P 04410462; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014; "Plantae Siculae rariores / 361 Orobanche spartii Guss.Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. II p. 1138 (an Vaucher?) / ad radices Calycot. spinosae / In sylvaticis umbrosis / Ficuzza / Aprili 1880 Leg. M. Lojacomo" P 04384681 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014] (1862); Messina, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien (WU 0034312 - Kerner 34312); "nş 223 / Orobanche Spartii Guss! / je crois maintenant que les O. Spartii / et condensata ne sont que une seule et męme espčce! / Alger in collibus / mars 1849 / Reuter" (P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014). Obs. "corollae ... sordide purpureae in a. ... Affinis O. foetidae Poir. ac Desf. ..." (Gussone, 1828-32: 183)

Orobanche spartii sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 17 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), non Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827) [only Sicilian records "(Siciliâ (Guss.! Splitg.!)"; the rest unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

Orobanche speciosa Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 35 (1827), non Orobanche speciosa DC. in Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 5: 393 (1815) (Bertoloni, 1846: 433; Moris, 1858-1859: 247)

? – Orobanche variegata sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 38, t. 671 f. 903 (1829). Ind. loc.: "Hist. 903 Innsbruck [Tyrol, Austria] Heynhold" [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]. Obs. vide Reuter, 1847: 17, sub O. variegata, "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch (Rchb.)"

? – Orobanche variegata sensu Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 93, t. 160 (1862 [22 Dec 1862]) [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

? – Orobanche variegata sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 17 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

? – Orobanche variegata var. sicula sensu Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935), non Orobanche variegata var. sicula (Lojac.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935). Ind. loc.: "Algérie: Oran ŕ Canastel [Oran Province, Algérie / Algeria / Argelia] sur Calycotome intermedia. Maroc: embouchure du Sous [Sous / Souss / Tamazirt n Sus, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], sur Ononis Natrix L. var. Reesei Sirj.". Herbarium Specimen: "Dr R. Maire - iter Maroccanum XXVIII / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. sicula (Loj.) Beck pro forma / Ad radices Cytisi Segonnei Maire [Adenocarpus segonnei Maire; Cytisus segonnei (Maire) Maire; Genista segonnei (Maire) P.E. Gibbs] in / Anti Atlas valle Ammeln [Ammeln Valley, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco] supra Igardan / 1000 m / ... / 27.3[1937]" (P 04363850; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)])

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? Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata sensu Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Algérie (Mutel), Maroc, Région médit.". Obs. "jaunâtre extériurement, d'un pourpre foncé et doré ŕ l'intérieur... style jaune" (Battandier, 1890: 660 [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis saltem p.p.])

? Orobanche condensata [f.] spartii sensu Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890), non Orobanche condensata [f.] spartii (Vaucher ex Guss.) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) nec Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827). Ind. loc.: "Bône (Mutel)" [Bone, Annaba Province, Algeria / Argelia]

? Orobanche variegata var. typica f. lutea sensu Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934), non Orobanche variegata var. typica f. lutea (Biv.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934) nec Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813). Ind. loc.: "MA. Mont Taghzeft [Taghzeft Pass / col du Taghzeft / Tizi-n-Taghzeft / Tizi-Taghzeft, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], sur Erinacea (Maire)" (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696)

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Ind. loc.: "ad Spartii scoparii [Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link (1822); Spartium scoparius L. (1753); = Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm.] radices in Sicilia [Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien]. Majo".

Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Lectotype ... In Spartio. E. Sicilia, 1820[?], Presl s.n. (LE!) // herb. Martens. Orobanche foetida Desf. In Spartio. Maj. E. Sicilia, Presl 1820[?] // herb. Martens. Orobanche variegata mihi. Cum..." (Reichenbach, 1829: 38, t. 672 f. 904, "Hist. ... DCLXXII. 904 in Spartio in Sicilis cl. Presl. emarcida"; Beck, 1890: 202, "vidi orig. in herb. Petrop."; Foley, 2001: 232-233).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 232-233 (2001).

Host: only on shrub species of Leguminosae (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: "After carefully reviewing its protologue and lectotype, it is concluded that Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) is an earlier synonym of Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) and cannot be used for the western Mediterranean species to which in recent times it has been generally applied. Unless the conservation of that concept of the binomen Orobanche foetida is proposed and approved, that Iberian and North African plant must be called Orobanche hookeriana Ball." (Carlón & al., 2015: 128-134).

Morphological observations: "Ut ut proxima Orobanchidi cruentae nostrae differet tamen squamis caulinis imimi latioribus, corolla saturatius sanguinea, lobis labii inferioris acutiusculis, filamentis inferme latere interno puberulis, non hirsutis, reliqua parte glabris..." (Bertoloni, 1846: 434, sub O. condensata). "Comparaison entre Orobanche gracilis et O. variegata... " (Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 39).

Chromosomatic number: n = 38 (Weber, 1976).

Ic.: a, WU 0034612 - Kerner 34612 [Kerner 41] (Messina, Sicilia, Italy; accessed Feb 2009); b, Reichenbach f., 1862: 93, t. 213, f. I 1-9 (sub O. condensata Mor.); c, Reichenbach f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 (sub O. spartii, yellow form); d, M.J.Y. Foley in Paiva & al., Fl. iber. 14, Supl. fot.: 25, phot. 36 ["Sicilia, Italia"] (2001); e, "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle 31.3.98" (photo by Günther's; accessed Sept 2011); f, "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle 31.3.98" (photo by Günther's, sub O. rapum-genistae [yellow form]; accessed Sept 2011); g, "Universitŕ degli Studi di Trieste / picture by Antonio Speranza / Monte Altesina, EN, Sicilia, Italia" (photos by 2011 Dryades / KeyToNature; accessed Sept 2011); h, "Isola di S. Pietro [San Pietro Island / Isola di San Pietro, Sardinia, Italy]" (photos by Dan73; accessed Sept 2011); "Calasetta - Sant'Antioco Island [Sardinia, Italy]" (photo 1 and 2 by M.P. Tauriello; accessed Sept 2011).

Distribution: Algeria, Italy (only Sardinia and Sicily), Morocco?, Tunisia. Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); "G. Léothard (in litt.) pense que cette espčce a souvent éte confondue avec O. gracilis et que son aire de répartition est beaucoup plus restreinte" (Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81). Iberian Peninsula distribution [in our opinion, it does not occur in the Iberian Peninsula, the old records seem to be wrong since this species has often been confused with some forms of O. gracilis and O. austrohispanica (Foley, 2001b: 72)]. Orobanche variegata is considered as a valid species very closely allied to Orobanche gracilis and Orobanche foetida (although the differences between these species can not always be easily expressed). In the literature it has widely been confused with Orobanche gracilis and Orobanche foetida. Further studies seem to be necessary in order to clarify the distribution of this taxon.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Algeria / الجزائر‎  / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Reuter, 1847: 18, sub O. condensata; Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Debeaux, 1894: 280, sub O. condensata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Ag"; K 000425209 et K 000425208 [!, Algeria or Sardinia? ("Orobanche condensata / Moris ... / O. speciosa Mor. ... / Sardinia / Moris misit / Januar 1829")], Kew et Jstor.org, accessed Sept 2011; P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson, n.ş 427; sub O. rapum-genistae, photo et sub O. variegata, photo in Algeria Native Plants, accessed Feb 2013).

Algiers / Alger Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / (in Spartio spinoso L. [Spartium spinosum L.; Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]) / Unio itineraria.   In collibus. / 1832. W. Schimper.    Algier [Algiers]; Aprili. // 1833 W. Schimper 1832 / J. Hennecart / Orobanche foetida Desf. DC. Pr. 11. / Alger" (P 02978299; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche foetida Desf. / (in Spartio spinoso L. [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]) / Unio itineraria.   In collibus. / 1832. W. Schimper.    Algier; Aprili." (P 03428627; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Oct. 2014 [cf.]); "Algeria: In collibus Algier. Aprili. In Spartio spinoso [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]. Schimper!" (K 000425199 et 425202; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [the specimens K 000425199 and K 000425202 were labelled incorrectly, these are not from Tanger (Morocco) like the K 00045200 which seems to be from that city (vide Orobanche densiflora)]); "Herbier de Mauritanie / Orobanche foetida, Desf. / Alger. Lieux boisés prčs de la Maison-Carrée [El-Harrach] / N. Bové.   Avril 1837" (P 02978295; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "n 141 Orobanche foetida / [Alger?] / parasite sur les racines / du Spartium spinosum et / d'un medicago / mars et avril 1838 // Herbier de Mauritanie / N. Bové., 1838 // Alger (Bové) / Herbier de la Commision scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844" (P 02978303; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [see O. foetida]); "nş. 1C / Alger. Trčs commum sur le / Cytisus spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / 6 février 1840" (P 02978379; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "nş. 1C / Orobanche condensata Moris / Foetida Desf. / Odor gravis spermatius. / Alger. Trčs commum sur le / Cytisus spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / 6 février 1840" (P 03428421 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [the sheet contains two different species. One of them is the O. foetida (only one specimen on the right-hand of the sheet) and the rest (on the left-hand) seems to correspond to O. variegata]); "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Sur le Cytisus spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / Alger 24 février 1840" (P 02978364; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Nş ... / Orobanche condensata Moris. / ... / Alg. in collib. propč Mustapha [Sidi M'Hamed] ad / radices Cytisi spinosum [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / 27 febr. 1840" (P 03428631 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Orobanche condensata Moris. / Alger. c. sur le Cytisus / spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] 27 février 1840" (P 02978297; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Route du Bouzareah (nord-Est) Alger / 20 mars 1840 // Algérie. Ravevgie" (P 02978372; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris! / Alger, in collibus ad rad. Calycotomis / spinosa [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] !   mars 1844 / Reuter" (P 03428636 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "nş 223 / Orobanche Spartii Guss! / je crois maintenant que les O. Spartii / et condensata ne sont que une seule et męme espčce! / Alger in collibus / mars 1849 / Reuter" (P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "946 / Orobanche condensata, Moris. / (Durieu) / Broussailles prés le Fort de l'Eau [Bordj El Kiffan] / 20 mars 1851 / elle vient pour touffes de 20 ŕ 30 tiges" (P 03428632 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "– Alger Boissier et Reuter! – ..." (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94, sub O. condensata); "J. Lefebvre / Brounailles de La ... / 16 mars 1861 [?] (Algérie) // prov. d'Alger (Algérie) / J. Lefebvre 186." (P 03428626 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "M. Gandoger. Flora Algeriensis exsiccata. / 363. Orobanche foetida Desf. var. / ... / Hab. in ditione urbis Alger, loco dicto Birmandreis [Bir Mourad Raďs] / ad radices Rubi rarior / Legi ipse: 21.3.1879 / ..." (P 03428625 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Oct. 2014 [only the two specimens close to their label]); "Herbier A. de Vésian / Orobanche foetida Desf. / Maison carree [El-Harrach] pr. Alger février 1881" (P 02978307 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Algier ...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata); "Herbier L. Chevallier Précigné (Sarthe) / Orobanche condensata Moris. / (sur Calicotome spinosa) / Algérie: La Maison-Carrée [El-Harrach], bois / de Eucalytus / 8-4-1893 Legi L. Chevallier" (P 02986968; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Algčrie" (cf. Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "H. Humbert - Plantas d'Algérie - 1924 / Orobanche variegata / Environs d'Alger La Reghaďa [Algiers] / 8 Avril Leg. H. Humbert" (P 02986936; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011); "Algérie / Orobanche variegata / Barrage de Hamiz [Oued el Hamiz, Algiers] / vidit R. Maire 24 Mars 1931" (P 02983085 - hb. Gombault; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Annaba Wilaya: "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] nş 1 / ... / Bône [Annaba / Bona]. Sur le Cytisus lanigerus [C. lanigerus (Desf.) DC.; = Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link; = Spartium villosum Poir.] / 2 mars 1841" (P 02978380; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Variation ŕ fleurs d'un rouge / vineux clairs. Ce pied était distant / ...  de plus de 6 metres! de l'individu / de Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] dont la racine / le nourrissant / Algérie. Foret du Tonga, dans le / Cercle de La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] / 16 mars 1841" (P 02978377; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Nş 1A / Orobanche foetida Desf. / -- an auct.? / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly], 30 mars 1841. CC / parasit... Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link]" (P 03428422 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Nş 1B / Orobanche foetida Desf. / ... / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] ... sur le Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] / 11 avril 1841" (P 03428628 - hb. E. Cosson, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "1146. Orobanche foetida / sur le Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] / M. Rainer" (P 02978387; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Bône (Mutel)" (Battandier, 1890: 660, sub O. condensata [f.] spartii (Vaucher ex Guss.) Batt.); "Africa boreali: Algeria (Bone...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata); "Afrika. Algerien!: Bone [Annaba]" (Beck, 1930: 290, loc. class. of O. variegata f. bonensis Beck).

Batna Wilaya: "Orobanche condensata, Moris. / Lambčse, cercle de Batna, province / de Constantine, Algérie. / E. Cosson, 20 Mai 1853." (P 03428637 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Batna-Khenchela (Constantine Province): "Orobanche condensata, Moris. / (stigma luteo) / vallée de Médina [Médina] / Monts Aures [Aurčs / Awras /  Aurés / Orés], province de Constantine / Algérie.  E. Cosson, 9 Juin 1853" (P 03428633 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Constantine ...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata).

Béjaďa Wilaya: "(Sur un carduus ŕ fleurs jaunes) / Col de Chellata / Dépat. d'Algers / 27 Juin 1871 / ..." (P 03428422 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014).

Blida Wilaya: "Dr R. Maire. Itenera Algerica / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. bonensis / Ad radices Coronilla junceae L. [Coronilla juncea L.] / supra fauces fluminis Chiffa [Annaba / Bône] / stylus purpureus / stigma luteum  9-5[-1937]" (P 04363847, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. foetida]); "Oued el Kebir, bei Blida, 30.iii.1904, Dr. Kuegler (JE) [ut f. bonensis Beck]" (Pujadas, 2007: 212, sub O. variegata).

Bouira Wilaya: "956 Orobanche condensata Moris. / stigmate orangé / Sous les genets du versant Sud du Mazouz / Env. d'Aumale, Algérie / 4 mars 1866 / Alcide Charey, / Envai de 1868" (P 03428631 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Chlef Wilaya [unconfirmed]: "Algérie (Mutel) ... La planta qui pousse sur le Calycotome intermedia dans le Dahra [Chlef Province] en est au moins bien voisine" (Battandier, 1890: 660, sub O. condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt.).

Constantine Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Constantine 1868 / Coste 1869" (P 02978381 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche / Massif du Chettaba, prov. / de Constantine / Algérie. / El Cheboud [?], mai 1878." (P 03428637 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

El Taref / El-Tarf Wilaya: lac Noir 2 / El Tarf [El Taref] / 1993-03-30 / sub O. variegata (photo in herbier de Gérard de Belair, accessed Oct 2014).

Mostaganem Wilaya [unconfirmed]: "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1851 / 58. Orobanche condensata, Moris. / Mostaganem. Parasite sur le Calycotome intermedia / 12 Avril" (P 02983098, P 03428635 - hb. W. de Schoenefeld 589, P 04410488 et P 02977787; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheets need to be confirmed, the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Mostaganem. Parasite sur le Calycotome intermedia 12 Avril. Balansa 58! (Octo specimina)" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94, sub O. condensata); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Mostaganem ...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata, 292, "Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie (1851) n. 58!"); "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / ... / Orobanche condensata Moris / ... / Afr. Septle. ... (sur le Calycotome spinosa) / Mostaganem - Mai 1911" (P 03428634; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]).

M'Sila Wilaya: "Orobanche rapum ? condensata Moris / Im quercetis vallís El Nadja [Berhoun / Souk Ouled Nadja?] / 21 maio 1886 / A. Letourneux" (P 03428642 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [only one specimen close to its label]); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche condensata Moris / sur Erinacea Anthyllis [Erinacea anthyllis Link] A Monts de Bou-Saada [Bou-Saâda], vallée de / l'Oued Guina entre le Dj. Tsegna [Djebel Tsegna] et le / Dj. Es-Serdj [Djebel Es Serdj]. 21.5.1921 Dr. R. Maire" (P 04363431; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Oran Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Oran. sur le Cytisus calptrates[?] / 9 mars [18]42 // Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844" (P 02978305; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Oran ...)" (cf. Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata); "Ch. d'Alleizette / Plantes d'Algérie / Orobanche condensata Moris / Oran Avril 1914" (P 04410494; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [undeterminable]); "Ch. d'Alleizette / Plantes d'Algérie / Orobanche condensata Moris / Sur les ... / Oran Avril 1914" (P 04243514 - hb. Cadomense; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014; "Herbier A. Faure / Plantes d'Algerie / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Oran, ŕ Santa Cruz / Lieu rocailleux / 2. 3. 1937 / Legit A. Faure" (P 02983084; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Société Française 1929 / Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 5955.- Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Dépt d'Oran: Oran, bois des Planteurs, sur Calycotome / intermedia L. / 20 mars 1929  R. Le Cesve" (P 03810684 et P 04410511; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l., except only one specimen with corolla not deep red inside]); idem (P 04243509; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Skikda Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Philippeville [province de Constantine] ... / 1840" (P 02978371; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris. / Philippeville / province de Constantine, Algérie / E. Cosson, 11 Mai 1853." (P 03428636 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris / Lieux incultes au bord de la / mer prčs de Stora [Skikda District] 15 mars 1858" (P 03428626 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / (O. condensata Moris) / var. variegata / (= var. typica G. Beck) / Subéraie, prčs de Bessombourg, / vers 500-600 mčtres. / Kabylie de Collo. / 19 mai 1944" (P 04410515; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Sidi-Bel-Abbčs Wilaya [unconfirmed]: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Azrou ŕ Ras-el-Ma, / sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire]. 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brillant int. jaune sale veiné de rou- / ge ext. stigmate jaune. / ... / Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 002113, holotypus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]; "Hab. in Adenocarpo Boudyi prope Ras-el-Ma Atlantis Medii [Sidi-Bel-Abbčs], ad alt. 1550 m." (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696, O. variegata var. integrisepala Maire).

Souk Ahras Wilaya: djebel Kelaia / Souk Ahras / 2012-04-27 / sub O. rapum-genistae (photo in herbier de Gérard de Belair, accessed et rev. Oct 2014).

Tizi Ouzou Wilaya: "Orobanche / Broussailles de la Vallée de Dra / el Mizan [Draâ El Mizan] / Thévenon" (P 03428629 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); ibidem (P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Draâ El Mizan (Thév)" (Debeaux, 1894: 280, sub O. condensata); "(Sur le ciste) / Route de Tirourda (en sortant / de Fort National [Larbaâ Nath Irathen]) / Dép. d'Alger / 25 Juin 1875 / Al. D." (P 02983103 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche [unconfirmed (Beck, 1890: 203, "omnes stationes alterae (... Austria etc.) falsae sunt"; Uhlich & al., 1995: 160)]

Tyrol / Tirol [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]: "Hist. 903 Innsbruck Heynhold" ["Orobanche variegata Wallr. Auf Sarothamnus (Genista) scoparius; bei Innsbruck (Heynhold in Reichenb. fl. exc. p. 354)]" (Reichenbach, 1829: 38, t. 671 f. 903); "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch (Rchb.)" (Reuter, 1847: 17, sub O. variegata).

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Croatia / Hrvatska / Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie  

[unconfirmed (Beck, 1890: 203, "omnes stationes alterae (Istria [Fiume] ... ) falsae sunt"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "S. Jugoslavia requires confirmation"; Uhlich & al., 1995: 160, "nur Fiume = Rijeka (leg. Noël 1837 Hal), von Beck, (1930) angezweifelt")].

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France / Francia / Frankreich [unconfirmed (Reichenbach, 1829: 38 "Gallia"; Reuter, 1847: 17, sub O. variegata, "In radicibus Sarothamni scopariae (Mut.) et Genista cinereae (Reut.) parasitica, in Galliâ Australi et Occidentali, in Pyrenaes (Benth.), Corsicâ..."; Reichenbach f., 1862: 93, t. 160 [sub O. variegata, unconfirmed (some or all of these records may be confused with O. gracilis)], "In siccis Pedemontii Tendam [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, France-Italy] inter et Lupega, forte in Genista cinerea. Rchb. fil. 23. Juli 1843! „Je l'ai trouvée en grande abondance sur la route de Nice ŕ Tenda [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, France-Italy] entre l'Escarelle [L'Escarčne, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] et Sospello, et entre Sospello [Sospel, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] et la Gondouillet" Vaucher l.c.  / Ad manus sunt specimina herbarii ill. Grenier: Sur le Cytisus sessifolius ŕ Puy-Mone prčs Gap: Blanc! Sur les racines de la Genista juncea, lieux secs et monteux. Garlabon jusqu' ŕ Marseille Roux! Sur le Cytisus sessilifolius — Digne Loret! Sur le Coronilla juncea (rare) lieux secs et élevés ŕ St. Trone (sic?) Marseille Roux! Fréjus Perreymond! / Exstant ibi specimina singularia, deflorata in Foeniculo lecta: Villefranche Loret!"; Beck, 1890: 203, "Gallia australi: Provence, Toulon"; Bonnier & Douin, 1911-1935 [1990]: pl. 465 f. 2154, sub "Orobanche variegata sur (Genista cinerea)" [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]; Beck, 1930: 290, "Südfrankreich: ! in der Provence; Dep. Var (bei Toulon, Roquebrune!); Dep. Alpes maritimes, bei Nice!; an Abhängen des Berges Grammont ad Castellar c. 1300 m im Juli (K.H. Rechinger!); Dep. Pyrénées Orient. Perpignan!"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Ga"; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Ga"; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296-297 f. 116.1.25 [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]; Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81)]

Champagne-Ardenne [unconfirmed]

Marne (51): "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / ... / paraite = Coronilla / Juin 1997 / 51300 Couvrot / Coll: A. Viel-Cazal" (P 04394756; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. caryophyllacea]).

Corse / Córcega [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. rapum-genistae et O. gracilis]

(Beck, 1930: 290, "Italien! ... Corsica! Monté di Ghisone au Col de Sorba, Calcatoggio bei Cargese, im Juni (Burnat, Cavillier, Abrezol!)"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Co"; Pignatti, 1982: 616; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Co"; Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 63 "[O. rapum-genistae] confusions avec O. variegata", 81-82 "O. variegata doit ętre considéré comme totalement absent de Corse").

Languedoc-Roussillon [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

Hautes-Pyrénées / Nauts Pirenčus / Hauts Pirenčus: "Bois, Buissons: Lesponne (Ph.). C" (Dulac, 1867: 371, sub Catodiacrum variegatum [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenčus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales: "Pyrénées-Orientales (Benth.)" (Grenier, 1853: 631); "Sur les Sarothamnus scoparius et purgans, Spartium junceum: Albčres et vallée de l'Agly ŕ la montagne de Laroque, Port-Vendres, Banyuls, etc.; Tautavel, etc.; Cerdagne au val d'Eyne (Loret), etc." (Gautier, 1897: 336, sub O. variegata).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur [unconfirmed] (Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81)

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "06" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296); Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81, "G. Léothard (in litt.) pense que cette espčce a souvent éte confondue avec O. gracilis et que son aire de répartition est beaucoup plus restreinte. Il se base notamment sur l'examen des plantes des Alpes-Maritimes, récoltées et déterminées por Burnat sous ce nom, mais qui, selon Léothard, s'avčrent ętre O. gracilis").

Bouches-du-Rhône (13): "Marseil. [Marseille]" (Nyman, 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "Orobanche variegata Wallr / Sur les racines de la Genista juncea [Spartium junceum L.] / ...; Garlaban / 11 Juin 1854 - Marseille / H. Roux" (P 04385052; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]).

Hautes-Alpes (05): "05" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296).

Var (83) [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]: "Orobanche foetida / ... / Fréjus / Perreymond 1846" (P 04385050 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]); "la Provence, Fréjus ! (Perreymond)" (Grenier, 1853: 631); "Orobanche variegata / Sur le Dorycnium suffruticosum ... / Plau d'Aigne, prčs de la La Roquebrussanne[?] / (Var) / legi 4 Jun 1864 Schultz" (P 04395317 et P 04395318; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]); "Flora selecta exsiccata / Publié par Ch. Magnier / 1262.– Orobanche variegata  Wallr. ... / Var: La Farlčde, su le Coronilla juncea L. / 17 avril 1885  A. Albert." (P 04385047; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis); "...Orobanche variegata / Roquebrune (Var) / fin mai 1904" (P 04405541 - hb. C. Bertrand et P 04405890; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, on Dorycnium]); "83" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296).

Vaucluse (84): "84" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296).

Rhône-Alpes [unconfirmed]

Drôme (26): "26" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296).

Unknown location: "Herbier de la Flore Française (Bot. Gall.) / donné par au Muséum par A. P. De Candolle. 1822. // Orobanche foetida B.A. / Coillouteus" (P 04385049; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]).

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne [unconfirmed]

 Tyrol / Tirol [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]: "Hist. 903 Innsbruck Heynhold" ["Orobanche variegata Wallr. Auf Sarothamnus (Genista) scoparius; bei Innsbruck (Heynhold in Reichenb. fl. exc. p. 354)" (Reichenbach, 1829: 38, t. 671 f. 903); "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch (Rchb.)" (Reuter, 1847: 17, sub O. variegata).

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Italy / Italia / Italien [unconfirmed in Mainland Italy (Reichenbach, 1829: 38 "in Sicilia (absque dubio in Italia)"; Bertoloni, 1846: 433; Reuter, 1847: 17, sub O. variegata, sub O. spartii, sub O. condensata; Beck, 1890: 203, "Italia: Liguria, Neapel, Calabria, Sardinia (St. Antioco etc.), Sicilia (Messina, Palermo, Ficuzza, Finale), Nebrodes, Lipari"; Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata, "Italie méridionale"; Béguinot, 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. typica, "Parass. su Leguminosae dal mare alla reg. mont. nel Nizz., Lig., A. Apuane, Tosc., Appenn.-pavense, Bologn., Nap., Cal. e grandi isole"; Beck, 1930: 290, "Italien! in Ligurien, bei Bologna, Toscana, Apenn. pavese, Apuaner Alpen, Neapel, Calabrien!; Corsica! Monté di Ghisone au Col de Sorba, Calcatoggio bei Cargese, im Juni (Burnat, Cavillier, Abrezol!); Sardinien (St. Anioco u.a. 0.!); Sizilien! Messina, Catania, Palermo, Ficuzza, Finale, Nebroden, Liparische Inseln!"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "It"; Pignatti, 1982: 616; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "It"; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296; Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81)]

Abruzzo [unconfirmed]

L'Aquila (AQ): "Massa d'Albe (AQ), 900 m, giu 2007" (Photo by Marinella Miglio in http://www.actaplantarum.org/, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Campania [unconfirmed]

Salerno (SA): "Monti Lattari, prov Salerno, altitudine 800 m slm, terreno ruccioso, esposto a sud, mare a 300 m circa in linea d'aria" (photo by guaglio58 in http://www.naturamediterraneo.com, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Emilia-Romagna [unconfirmed; Alessandrini & al., 2012: 9]

Modena (MO): "Rovolo (MO), giu 2010" (photo by Patrizia Ferrari in http://www.actaplantarum.org/, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Lazio [unconfirmed]

Roma (RM): "Monti Prenestini (RM), 1000 m, lug 2011" (photo by Gianluca Nicolella in http://www.actaplantarum.org/, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Liguria [unconfirmed]

Genoa / Genova / Génova: "Genova nella valle della Polcevera [Val Polcevera / Pűçéivia / Ponçéivia] (DNtrs.)" (Béguinot, 1902: 478, loc. class. of O. satyrus De Not.); Liguria  (De Notaris, 1846: 34, loc. class. of O. superba De Not.).

Imperia (IM): "IM" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296); "M. Pietravecchia (IM), 1500 m, giu 2009" (Photo by Franco Guadagni in http://www.actaplantarum.org/, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Marche [unconfirmed]

Macerata (MC): "Montelupone (MC), 1000 m, giu 2008" (photo by Maria Grazia Lobba in http://www.actaplantarum.org/, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Piedmont / Piemonte [unconfirmed]

Cuneo (CN): "CN" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296); "Limone P.te (CN), 1650 m, lug 2014" (Photo by Giacomo Bellone in http://www.actaplantarum.org/, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 O. gracilis!).

Sardinia / Sardegna / Sardaigne / Cerdeńa / Sardinien (Nyman, 1854-1855: 130, sub O. condensata, "Sard."; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94, t. 213, f. I 1-9 [sub O. condensata Mor.]; Beck, 1890: 203; Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata, "Sardaigne"; Beck, 1930: 290; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Sa"; Pignatti, 1982: 616; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Sa"; Conti & al., 2005; Domina & Arrigoni, 2007: 133)

"Terranova [Olbia / Tarranňa / Terranňa / Terranova Pausania, Olbia Comune, Olbia-Tempio Province, Gallura Sub-region]" (Gussone, 1828-32: 183, loc. class. of Orobanche spartii var. rubra Guss.); "Habui ex Sardinia [Italy] ab Eq. Prof. Morisio" (Bertoloni, 1846: 433, sub O. condensata); "Parasitica radicum Genistae corsicae [Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC.], Calycotomes villosae [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] aliarumque leguminosarum: S. Elia Cagliari [(CA), Sardegna]: Iglesias [Carbonia-Iglesias]: Insula S. Pietro: Arizzo" (Moris, 1858-1859: 247, loc. class. of O. condensata); "Orobanche condensata Moris. / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / SantAntiňgu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)] Majo / U.I. Müller." (P 04393732 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / SantAntiňgu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)] Majo / U.I. Müller. // ex herb. H. Van Heurck" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheet contains three specimens, one of these appears to be O. variegata (on right-hand of the sheet), but the other two (on the left-hand of the sheet) are from Porta (close to Porta's label) and correspond to O. lutea]); "Sardinia: in collinis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / SantAntiňgu] Majo. U.J. Müller! (Tria specimina)" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94, t. 213, f. I 1-9 [sub O. condensata Mor., "Planta sardoa"]); "Sardinia (St. Antioco etc.)" (Beck, 1890: 203); "Sardinien (St. Anioco [St. Antioco] u.a. 0.!)" (Beck, 1930: 290); "Distribution: South Sardinia and in the islands of Tavolara [Olbia Comune, Olbia-Tempio Province], S. Pietro [San Pietro Island / Isola di San Pietro, South western Coast of Sardinia, Carbonia-Iglesias Province] e S. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / SantAntiňgu]. Specimens seen: Sant’Antioco, 05, Müller (B, W, PRC) - Sardinia, s.d., Müller (PRC) - Arizzo, 06, Moris (TO) - Sardinia, misit 1822, Moris (BOLO) - Carlo Forte, 1826, Moris (TO) - S. Elia Cagliari, 04.1826, Moris (TO) - Sardegna, misit 1829, Moris (TO) - Sardinia, misit 1846, Moris (BOLO) - Isola Tavolara, 21.05.1885, Forsyth Major (FI) - Isola di S. Antioco, 26.04.1894, Martelli (FI) - Gariga e pascoli fra Bacu Abis e Porto Scuso, punta Maiorchina, 05.04.1970, Arrigoni & Ricceri (FI) Isola di S. Antioco, Cala Sapone, 06.04.1970, Arrigoni & Ricceri (FI) - San Giovanni Suergiu, presso Matzaccara, 30.04.1974, Arrigoni, Mori & Nardi (FI) - Is. Santo Pietro, 30.3.1985, Kilian (B) - Spalmatore lungo la strada, Isola di S. Pietro, 11.04.1987, Scrugli & Zedda (CAG) - Nel ciglio della strada che porta a Chia, 28.03.1989, Zedda (CAG) - S. Margherita di Pula (Cagliari), 11.04.1993, Bacchetta (CAG) - Chia, 29.04.2006, Domina (PAL)." (Domina & Arrigoni, 2007: 133); "Isola di S. Pietro, 1 aprile 2006" (photos by Dan73, accessed Sept 2011); "Calasetta - Sant'Antioco Island [Carbonia-Iglesias Province]" (photo 1 and 2 by Matteo Paolo Tauriello, accessed Sept 2011).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sicile / Sizilien (Reichenbach, 1829: 38, t. 672 f. 904, sub "O. foetida Prsl. sic. exsicc.", "Hist. ... DCLXXII. 904 in Spartio in Sicilis cl. Presl. emarcida"); Nyman, 1854-1855: 130, sub O. Spartii Guss., "Sicil."; Beck, 1890: 203; Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata, "Sicile"; Béguinot, 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. typica, "le forme b. [epixantha Beck = O. Spartii var. lutea Biv. ex Guss. = O. lutea Lojac.] c. [sicula] d. [amplissima Beck = O. Spartii Rchb. f. = O. condensata Lojac.] e. [pachnodes Beck] in Sic. (Lojac)"; Béguinot, 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. satyrus; Beck, 1930: 290; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Si"; Pignatti, 1982: 616; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Si"; M.J.Y. Foley in Paiva & al., Fl. iber. 14, Supl. fot.: 25, phot. 36 ["Sicilia, Italia"] (2001); Pujadas, 2007: 212; photos sub O. (sanguinea) variegata by Carmelo Rifici in Fiori di Sicilia, accessed Sept 2011 et Oct 2014; "Sicile le 19/04/2009 sur Genista sp." (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon, in Pharmanatur.com, accessed July 2012); "Slender Broomrape, [sub] Orobanche gracilis (Paul Harmes)" (Wild Flowers of Sicily in naturetrek.co.uk, accessed July 2012).

Caltanissetta Province: "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle [near Gela town, Province of Caltanissetta] 31.3.98", photo by Günther's, accessed Sept 2011; "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle [near Gela town, Province of Caltanissetta] 31.3.98", photo by Günther's, sub O. rapum-genistae [yellow form] accessed Sept 2011.

Catania Province: "Sic. sull'Etna [Province of Catania]" (Béguinot, 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. satyrus); Alcŕntara [north of Mt.] Etna, Castiglione di Sicilia [Castigghiuni di Sicilia], 4 May 2011 (photo 1 and 2 by Francesco Russo, sub O. gracilis; accessed Sept 2011); "Cittŕ: Caltagirone / Prov.: Catania / Regione: Sicilia" (photo 1 et 2 by MrT in naturamediterraneo.com, accessed Oct 2014).

Enna Province: "var. b. Nicosia [Nicosia / Nicusěa]" (Gussone, 1828-32: 183, loc. class. of Orobanche spartii var. rubra Guss.); "Universitŕ degli Studi di Trieste / picture by Antonio Speranza / Monte Altesina [Erean Mountains / Monti Erei], EN, Sicilia, Italia", photos by 2011 Dryades / KeyToNature, accessed Sept 2011).

Messina Province: "Sicilia (Messina [Messina / Missina / Mesina]" (Beck, 1890: 203); "e nelle Eolie [Isole Eolie / Aeolian Islands] a Salina, Vulcano e Filicuri [Filicudi] (Lojac.)" (Béguinot, 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. satyrus); "N.ş 120 Huter, Porta, Rigo, ex Itinere italico III / Orobanche / parasitica in radii Cytisi triflor. / Sicilia: in collibus supra Messina, sol. / granit. arenos. 3-400 m. / 18. April.1877 // O. Spartii Guss. n. Vaucher / [det. m.] Beck" (WU 0034312 - Kerner 34312 [Kerner 00041]); "In Silvaticis, Valdemone [Val Demňne / Val Demona] (locus specialis non indicatus) Junio. ["Lectotype ... PAL 43216"]" (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 227, loc. class. of O. sicula Lojac.); "Nebroden [Monti Nebrodi, Sicilian Apennines], Liparische Inseln [Lipari, Isole Eolie / Aeolian Islands]!" (Beck, 1930: 290); "Is. Eolie, vi, Lojacomo (PAL) [ut Orobanche spartii Juss.]" (cf. Pujadas, 2007: 212, sub O. variegata); near Taormina [Taurmina], 1974-04 (photo 156_06 and 156_05 [yellow and red forms] by Leif & Anita Stridval, sub O. gracilis; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011); Novara di Sicilia, 15 May 2014 (photo by Luigi Strano in www.flickr.com, accessed Oct 2014); Ilha de Salina, ilhas Eólias (photos [8694854507] by Mauricio Mercadante, sub O. sanguinea in www.flickr.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014).

Palermo Province: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Bivona-Bernardi, 1813: [16], loc. class. of Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl O. foetida sensu Biv.); "Orobanche grandiflora Presl, Fl. Sicul. I XXXIV / Orobanche foetida Biv. / In pratis apricis ad Panormum Sicilia / Maj. 1817 // "Orob. variegata Wallr. / det. Dr. G. Beck" // "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / rev. G. Domina / 05.02.2004" (PRC 454804, type; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Presl, 1826: 34[XXXIV], loc. class. of "Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl. / (O. foetida. Biv.)"); "Herbarium R. Hort. Bot. Panormitani / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. / Palermo, ad radices Spartii juncei / Aprili Legit Todaro" (P 04410462; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Todaro Flora Sicula Exiccata / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. mon. p. 42 / ad radices Spartii juncei - Palermo. / Majo / n. 1156 Legit Todaro" (P04384683; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); ibidem (P 04384684 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Nostra: Panormi [Palermo] Todaro!" (Reichenbach f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 [sub O. spartii, yellow form]); "In sylvaticis , in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo, rarissima. (Jun. 1878)" (Lojacono, 1882: 256, loc. class. of O. lutea (Biv.) Lojac.); Flora nebrodensis / O. cruenta Bert. / O. spartii Vch. / In collibus incultis prope Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina] / 11 Aprili 1874 / leg. P. Gabriel Strobl // rev. Beck sub O. variegata [!]; "var. β.: An sonnigen, buschigen Rainen vor Finale [Finale di Pollina]! April, Mai" (Strobl, 1885: 640, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. villosa); "Flora nebrodensis / Orobanche spartii Vch. / In collibus herbosis prope Castellbuono [Castelbuono / Castiddubbuonu] / 4-600 m super Cytisus infestus [Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss.] / 8 Aprili 1874 / leg. P. Gabriel Strobl." (WU 34311 - Kerner 00040); "Castelbuono!" (Strobl, 1885: 640, sub O. spartii Vauch.); "Plantae Siculae rariores / 361 Orobanche spartii Guss.Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. II p. 1138 (an Vaucher?) / ad radices Calycot. spinosae / In sylvaticis umbrosis / Ficuzza / Aprili 1880 Leg. M. Lojacomo" (P 04384681 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Palermo, Ficuzza [Ficuzza wood, Marineo], Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina]" (Beck, 1890: 203); "In sylvaticis, in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo [south of Palermo], rarissima (Jun. 1878) ... Neotype (here designated): PAL 56360 [Herbarium Mediterraneum Panormitanum / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / su Calycotome infesta / Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro (Palermo) / 26.05.2004 / leg. G. Domina.]" (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 232, loc. class. of O. lutea Lojac.); "Palermo, Cefalú, 1.x.2003, C. Burgarella (COA 33991). Palermo, Monreale, Giacalone, Regia Trazzera Cannavera, Monti di Palermo, Pizzo dell’Assolichiata, 800 m, iv.2004, C. Burgarella (COA 33988). Madonie mountains, 29.v.2004, M. Fernández-Aparicio et al. (COA 33990). Palermo, Collesano, Madonie, Pizzo Cerro, 800–900 m, sobre Calycotome, 4.vi.2004, C. Burgarella (COA 33989). Palermo, ad radices Spartii juncei, v. Todaro (COI, JE, PAL) [ut O. spartii Vauch.]. In pratis apricis ad Pannororum, v.1817, Presl (COI) [ut Orobanche spartii Juss.; O. grandiflora Presl]. Ficuzza, iv.1877, Lojacomo (FI) [ut fma. pachnodes Beck]. Supra M. Sifona, S. Maria di Gesú, iv.1860, Citarda (JE) [ut Orobanche spartii]. ... Palermo, ad radices Calycotome infesta, v, Lojacomo (PI) [ut 361 Orobanche spartii Juss.]. Flora Nebrodensis, in collibus incultis prope Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina], 11.iv.1874, P. Gabriel Stroble (WU) [ut O. cruenta Bert.; O. spartii Vauch.]. Ficuzza [Ficuzza wood, Marineo], ad radices Calycotome spinosa, iv.1880, Lojacomo (WU) [ut O. spartii Vauch.]. Palermo, reg. infer. submont., v.1905, H. Ross (WU). ..." (Pujadas, 2007: 212, sub O. variegata); "Ficuzza (PA), 700 m, mag 2013" (photos by Beppe Di Gregorio in www.actaplantarum.org, accessed Oct 2014); "Gorgo del Drago, Godrano" (photo 3651102 by Elisa Vitale in Gbif 1453086196; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017).

Trapani Province: "Faraglioni di Scopello [Castellammare del Golfo / Casteddammari], garigue, auf Calycotome villosa, 27.iii.1975, A. Weber (WU)" (Pujadas, 2007: 212, sub O. variegata).

Unknown location: "Orobanche / major, Caryophilum oleas C.BP. / C. Phellypea." // "Herbarium Regium Monacense / Orob. variegata Wallr. / Wohl aus Sardinien oder Sizilien?" [written by Beck] / det. Dr. G. Beck / Ex Oriente: Hebenstreit." (M 0185508).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol [unconfirmed]

Trentino (TN): "Orobanche condensata Moris ? Porta / parasitica sub Medicagine [Medicago]. / Tirolia austral. in pascuis di Dos Brione pr. Riva [Riva del Garda] / sol. petrae arenariae ... / 16 ... 1894[?]  Porta" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheet contains three specimens, one of these appears to be O. variegata (on right-hand of the sheet), but the other two (on the left-hand of the sheet) are from Porta (close to Porta's label) and correspond to O. lutea]).

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Macedonia / Македонија / Mazedonien / Macédoine [unconfirmed (Beck, 1930; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "S. Jugoslavia requires confirmation"; Uhlich & al., 1995: 160, "im Tal des Flusses Lepenatr. bei Katschanik (leg. et det. Bornmüller 1917 B")]

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko [need be confirmed, see gracilis s.l. (Battandier, 1890: 660, sub O. condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt.,"Maroc"; Maire, 1930: [12]; Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696; Maire, 1936: 252; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Ma"; Rumsey & Jury, 2002: 591; MPU 002678 (loc. class. of O. variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma Maire); P 04363849 et MPU 021328 (types of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus); MPU 002113 (loc. class. of O. variegata var. integrisepala Maire), MPU 002114 et P 00083144 (loc. class. of O. variegata var. porphyrostigma Maire) in Jstor.org, accessed Sept 2011)]

Meknčs-Tafilalet [unconfirmed, see gracilis (incl. O. tetuanensis)]: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n- Taghzeft, sur / Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int. / gris-jaune lavée de rouge / ext. stigmate purpurin. / 1-7-1923 / Dr R. Maire (MPU 002114; type [in sched.] et sintype sec. M. Durand & C. Loup, 14.05.2004 [in sched.]); P 00083144; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [the two specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Lectotype (designated here):Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n. Taghzeft, sur Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int., gris-jaune lavée de rouge ext., stigmate purpurin. / Dr. R. Maire” [manu Maire] MPU-2114; isolectotype: P-8314) (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata); "Hab. in Erinacea Anthyllide: prope jugum Taghzeft Atlantis Medii [Taghzeft Pass / col du Taghzeft / Tizi-n-Taghzeft / Tizi-Taghzeft, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos] ad alt. 2000 m (Humbert et Maire, 1923)" (Maire 1930: no. 618 [12], loc. class. of O. variegata var. porphyrostigma).

Souss-Massa-Draâ [unconfirmed, see O. austrohispanica et gracilis (incl. O. tetuanensis)]: "Maroc: embouchure du Sous [Sous / Souss / Tamazirt n Sus], sur Ononis Natrix L. var. Reesei Sirj." (Maire, 1935: 220, sub O. variegata var. sicula); "Anti-Atlas, massif du Kest [Jebel Lkst / Djebel Kest / Djebel Lekest], sur Genista ferox Poiret ssp. microphylla (Ball) F.-Q." (Maire, 1936: 252, sub O. variegata var. integrisepala); Anti-Atlas, Ammeln Valley (P 04363850; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVII / Université d Alger / 1936 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. pseudo. satyrus / Atlantis Medius: Tizi n. Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra / Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpi anagyri- / folii var. leiocarpi [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius var. leiocarpus Maire] solo calcareo 1600 m /. Stigma ex albido luteum corolla flavo- / brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra. nitida 21-6[-1936]" (P 04363849 et MPU 021328; types of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011; "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVIII / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. satyrus (De Not.) / (integrisepala) / In Quercetis Atlantis Medii ad Tizi-n / Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpii / anagyrifolii [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius Coss. & Balansa]. Corolla ochracea ± rubro suffusa intus / stigma luteum, stylus purpureus / 9-4[-1937]" (P 04363848; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire iter Maroccanum XXVII, 1936 / "Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. pseudo-satyrus / Atlas Medius: Tizi n. Ooria supra Ksiba, ad radices Adenocarpi anagyrifolii var. leiocarpi, solo calcareo, 1600 m / stigma albido luteus corolla flavo-brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra nitida / 21-6" [manu Maire] (MPU21328; isolectotype: P-4363849) (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. gracilis); Ksiba (Emberger, Jahandiez & Maire, 1941: 1130, loc. class. of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus).

Tangier-Tetouan [unconfirmed, vide O. austrohispanica et gracilis (incl. O. tetuanensis)]: K 000425199-202 [the specimens were labelled incorrectly]; Tanger, Salzmann // Orobanche condensata // Det.-rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26 Nov 2002 [the specimens were labelled incorrectly] (K 000425199 ["Algier, Schimper"?]); "Tanger (Salz. Exsicc., sub O. strigosa)! (Ball, 1878: 604); ? // Orobanche condensata / / Det.-rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26 Nov 2002 [the specimens were labelled incorrectly] (K 000425202 ["Algier, Schimper"?]); "Mission scientifique de la Société de Géographie / au Maroc / Nş 1690 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Tanger: Djebel Kébir [Jebel Kebir], ad Cytis / linifolio [Cytisus linifolius (L.) Lam. = Genista linifolia L.] / 2.V.1912  C.J. Pitard." (P 02983081; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]); "Mission scientifique de la Société de Géographie / au Maroc / Nş 1690 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Djebel Kébir [Jebel Kebir] (sur Genista linifolia ) / 2.V.1912  C.J. Pitard." (P 02983082; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XX / 1930 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. integrisepala Maire / f. erythrostigma Maire / In Atlante rifano: in monte Khessana [prope Bab-taza, Rif Mountains] / ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss. / solo arenaceo, 1500-1600 m. / stigma rubrum.   die 23 junii" (MPU 002678 holotype; RAB 033245 et P 04021935 types of O. variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma Maire, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 et Ó. Sánchez Pedraja July 2017); "In atlante rifano [Rif Mountains]: in monte Khessana [prope Bab-taza], ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss." (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696, sub O. variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XV / Université d Alger / 1928 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / stigma luteum, corolla intus rubra vernicosa / In Atlante rifano: in Quercetis Tozae / ad radices montis Afestal, in Cytiso / monspessulano [Cytisus monspessulanus L.; Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch] parasitica 1200-1300 m / 17-6[-1928]" (P 04363846; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis); "Loukkos [Loukkos River / Oued Loukous / Locus River], Ouezzane [Wazan / Uessen], C. Rif" (Rumsey & Jury, 2002: 591); "Western Rif: Above Chefchaoučn and Ras el Maa, on track to Ain Tissimlane between Jbel Kelaa and Jbel Tissouka, 35°11’06’’N, 5°13’22"W, parasitic on Adenocarpus, 1560 m, 6.VI.2005, M. Ait Lafkih, M.A. Carine, S. L. Jury & F.J. Rumsey 163." (Carine & al., 2006: 209-210, "Our identification of material from the western Rif as this taxon is not without doubt.").

Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate [need be confirmed]: "Dr R. Maire. iter Maroccanum decimum / Université d Alger / 1925 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobranche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens / rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma / ex atrorubente aurantiacum / In Atlantis Medii monti bus supra urben / Taza: ad radices Ulicis Webbiani 1500 m / 18-6" (MPU 002985; holotype sec. Madaule, Durand & Loup, 17.06.2004, in sched.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept. 2011 [specimen bad preserved, the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis), but needs be confirmed in further studies]) et (P 00083145; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2011 [specimen bad preserved]); "Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire Iter Maroccanum Decimum, 1925 / “Orobanche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma ex atrorubente aurantiacum / in Atlantis Medii monti bus supra urben Taza: ad radices Ulicis webbiani, 1500 m / die 18 junii” [manu Maire] (MPU-2985; isolectotype: P-83145)" (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata); "in Cytiso Balansae in monte Moussa-ou-Salah [Jbel Moussa ou Salah, Bou Iblane range, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas], ad alt. 2.600 mn (Emberger et Maire, 1927)" (Maire, 1932: 204, loc. class. of O. variegata var. nepae).

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Spain / Espańa / Espagne / Spanien [unconfirmed, probably always in error for O. gracilis (s.l.), e.g., Beck, 1890: 203, "In Hispania deest, in Pyrenaes dubia"; Willkomm, 1893: 186; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Hs"; Kreutz, 1995: 150 "Grazalema, Andalucia (E), 12-4-1994", 151 "Grazalema, Andalucia (E), 12-4-1994"; Bolňs & Vigo, 1996: 504; "Sierra Nevada (Andalousie - Espagne) le 08/07/2012 sur Genista versicolor" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon in Pharmanatur, accessed July 2012 [in error for O. gracilis])]

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza [unconfirmed (Beck, 1930: 290; Kreutz, 1995: 150; Uhlich & al., 1995: 160)]

Ticino / Tessin: "Schweiz: im Kanton. Tessin bei Sta. Maria di Cola auf Sarothamnus (Bornmüller!)" (Beck, 1930: 290); "Canton Ticino" (Kreutz, 1995: 150).

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Tunisia / تونس / Tunisie / Túnez / Tunisien (Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata; Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 872, sub O. variegata = O. condensata, "sur les Légumineuses vivaces, surtout les Calycotome"; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Tu"; Pujadas, 2007: 213)

Béja Governorate: "Orobanche condensata / Kef En-Mesous (Ouchteta [Ouchata / Station d'Ouchtata / Station d’Ouchtata / Washtatah]) / Massif forestier d' El-Fedja / 20 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / E. Cosson" (P 03428644 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche / El-Fedja (Ouchteta [Ouchata / Station d'Ouchtata / Station d’Ouchtata / Washtatah]) / Ledillot, juin 1886" (P03428646 hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [cf.]).

Ben Arous Gobernorate: "CB: Bordj Cedria (P.A.)" (Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 873).

Bizerte Governorate: "Orobanche condensata Mor / sur Calycotome / Teskraia [Bizerte] (Tunisie), 14.3.1916 / J. Serres" (P 04410512; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / (O. condensata Moris) / var. variegata / (= var. typica G. Beck) / sur Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link / Maquis du Sidi Yahia a Ferryville [Menzel Bourguiba] (Tunisie) / 16.4.1932" (P 04410518; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "NM: Teskraďa [26.2.1955, MPU 026128]" (Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 873); "Sejmčne [Sejnane / Sejenane / Sejnčne], on Calycotome, 29.iv.2003, M. Kharrat (COA 37468)" (Pujadas, 2007: 213, sub O. variegata); "Teskraia [Bizerte], on Calycotome, 14.iii.1916, J. Serres (MPU) [ut O. condensata Mor.]" (Pujadas, 2007: 213, sub O. variegata).

Jendouba Governorate: "Orobanche condensata / Djebel El Bir, Ain-Draham, Kroumirie / 7 Juillet 1883 / Mission botanique en Tunisie en 1883: / M. M. E. Cosson, Doűmet-Adanson, A. Letourneux, V. Keboud; G. Barratte, E. Bonnet" (P 03428640 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "... Fedj El-Saha [Fedj-el-Saha / camp de la Santé, nord de Fernana, Kroumerie (Khroumirie / Kroumirie / Djebel Kroumire), 36° 39' N 8° 41' E], Dj. Bir. [Djebel El Bir]" (Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "K : Dj. Bir [Djebel El Bir, 36°46'13" N, 8°42'5"], les Chęnes, El Fedja (Ser. [J. Serres])" (Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 873).

Kairouan: "Orobanche condensata / El Kaďra Tofreuz (Ouled Ali) / Massif forestier d' El-Fedja / 23 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / E. Cosson" (P 03428640 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [undeterminable]).

La Manouba Governorate: "Khangat el Baouala, Tebourba [La Manouba], 23.iv.2003, M. Kharrat (COA 37467)" (Pujadas, 2007: 213, sub O. variegata).

Nabeul Governorate: "Orobanche condensata Moris / El Haouaria / 7 mai 1883 / Mission botanique en Tunisie en 1883: / M. M. E. Cosson, Doűmet-Adanson, A. Letourneux, V. Keboud; G. Barratte, E. Bonnet" (P 03428644 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [cf., specimen very bad conserved]); "Dj. Abd-er-Rahman [Abd-el-Rhaman Mountains], El-Haouaria" (Bonnet, 1896:  325, sub O. condensata); "CB: Dj. Abd er Rahman [Abd-el-Rhaman Mountains], El-Haouaria" (Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 873).

Tunis Governorate: "Herbier L. Chevallier Précigné (Sarthe) / Orobanche condensata Moris. / Tunisie: Carthage, a La Malga / 22-4-1894 Legi L. Chevallier" (P 02986967; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris / El Fedja [El Feja / Al Fajjah] / 11 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / E. Cosson" (P 03428645 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Sur les Calycotome spinosa et intermedia: Tunis, Carthage [Tunis] ... dj. Reças [Djebel Ressas] ..." (Bonnet, 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "NE: Carthage" (Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 873).

Zaghouan Governorate: "Association... / Orobanche condensata Moris / Dj. Maouine [Jebel Maouine] (Tunisie) / 7.4-1953 / leg. J. Serres" (P 04410513 - hb. Retz 38734; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Unknown location: "[Tunisia] In sylva Bou-Meeran apud / Oulad-Dhia / 29-30 Mars 1885 [Leg. A. Letourneux]" (P 03428625 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [cf.]).

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References.

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