ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 3 April 2023

Distribution: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia [unconfirmed], Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Caucasus, Croatia, Czech Republic, England [alien], France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Krim, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey and Ukraine (see Orobanche gracilis Sm.)

Specimens examined and literature records (Orobanche gracilis Sm.).

Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia (Beck 1890: 200, "Macedonia! Epirus!", sub O. spruneri f. breviflora; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. gracilis, "Al"; Ball 1964: 47, "3739. O. gracilis M32 Sch").

Kukës County / Qarku i Kukësit: "Lugina e Valbones [Valbona Valley National Park / Parku Kombëtar "Lugina e Valbonës"], AL-KK-TP [42°28'12.7"N 19°50'58.5"E 42.470202, 19.849572], 16 Jul 2018" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/17537482 by Jakob Fahr in iNaturalist, accessed Jun 2022); "Lugina e Valbones, AL-KK-TP, AL-KK, AL" [42°28'21.4"N 19°50'29.8"E - 42.472622, 19.841613], 17 Jul 2018 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/14567319 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1883926652 by Jakob Fahr in iNaturalist, accessed Jun 2022).

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Algeria / الجزائر‎  / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Reuter 1847: 17, "Algeriâ (Mutel)", sub O. variegata; Reuter 1847: 18, "Algeriâ (Schimper! un. it. 1832 sub O. foetida [vide O. foetida])", sub O. condensata; Beck 1890: 199, 200; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis var. spruneri; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696, loc. class. of O. variegata var. integrisepala Maire; Kreutz 1995: 101, sub O. gracilis)

Annaba: "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Orobanche foetida Desf. / La Calle / Sur le Cytisus lanigerus / (variatio, squamis exceptes, toa / pallidč flava!) / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] / 24 mai 1841" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983101 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983101 - P 02983101.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771900 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C8723C5DB58B4FC88A1536735839D8B3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Blida Province: "Dr R. Maire. Itenera Algerica / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. bonensis / Ad radices Coronilla junceae L. [Coronilla juncea L.] / supra fauces fluminis Chiffa [Annaba / Bône] / stylus purpureus / stigma luteum  9-5[-1937]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04363847 - P 04363847.jpg - hb. Maire - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/11/15/3/P04363847.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/442607298 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B42F634C831F45C5955705FF56C1DC48; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [cf., the specimen seems to correspond to O. foetida]).

El Taref Province / El Tarf Province: "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Orobanche foetida Desf. / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] / Sur le Cytisus lanigerus [C. lanigerus (Desf.) DC.; = Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link; = Spartium villosum Poir.] / (variatio, squamis exceptes, toa / pallidč flava!) / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] / 24 mai 1841" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983101 - P 02983101.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983101.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771900 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C8723C5DB58B4FC88A1536735839D8B3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Médéa Province: "Orobanche / fleurs fauve / Dallia... / ouest de Boghar / juin 1852" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983096 - P 02983096.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983096.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771901 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/02F10DDB3DA245A1862FBCF9517E8EF9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Mostaganem Province: "Orobanche condensata / Mostaganem, 5 avril 1848 / Parasite sur le calycotone" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983102 - P 02983102.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983102.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437107754 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/847A068A9775402680EA2351B0B9DC08; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "nş 25 / fleurs couleur de ... striés / Mostaganem ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983100 - P 02983100.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983100.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772820 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0C78FAB2D5E64E6898FB1063550B421D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1851 / 58. Orobanche condensata, Moris. / Mostaganem. Parasite sur le Calycotome intermedia / 12 Avril" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983098 - P 02983098.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983098.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438439024 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4541FD4D4D4343D6B715EF5CAA228B1C, https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428635 - P 03428635.jpg - hb. W. de Schoenefeld 589 - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428635.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474803340 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A7BEB5AE322A45579BE500175196BBD5, https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410488 - P 04410488.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/2/P04410488.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464927695 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/22274259F8B14D13A1AB2B5C7CF3F2A5 et https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977787 - P 02977787.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/13/9/P02977787.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438772573 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/60B3F7931271449690D9C27A7BE8FE35; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheets need to be confirmed, the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Mostaganem. Parasite sur le Calycotome intermedia 12 Avril. Balansa 58! (Octo specimina)" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 94, sub O. condensata); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Mostaganem ...)" (Beck 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck 1930: 290, sub O. variegata, 292, "Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie (1851) n. 58!"); "Mostaganem (leg. Balansa)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Mostaganem" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis var. spruneri); "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / ... / Orobanche condensata Moris / ... / Afr. Septle. ... (sur le Calycotome spinosa) / Mostaganem - Mai 1911" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428634 - P 03428634.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428634.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474715996 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D99C218E676946AA8C7A77CAD83A5F2B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Oct. 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]).

Oran Province: 1. "nş 228 / Orobanche reticulata Wallr. Reut.! in DC. prod. / Obs. j'ai aussi recuille ŕ Oran l'O. Hederae! et / a Tlemezen l'O. amethystea Thuill! / Oran, ŕ la grand Falaise au pied des Cistes! / en grosses touffes! / avril 1849 / Reuter". – 2. "Orobanche reticulata Wallr. Reut.! in / DC. prod. / Oran, ŕ la grand Falaise in radice / Cistorum avril 1849 / Reuter" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983100 - P 02983100.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983100.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772820 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0C78FAB2D5E64E6898FB1063550B421D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the two specimens of Reuter seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "Algeria: prope Oran" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis var. spruneri); "Société Française 1929 / Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 5955.- Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Dépt d'Oran: Oran, bois des Planteurs, sur Calycotome / intermedia L. / 20 mars 1929  R. Le Cesve" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03810684 - P 03810684.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/04/02/3/P03810684.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/607536295 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0D54F93BD833494BA3285F04EFACCE3C et https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410511 - P 04410511.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/2/P04410511.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465124314 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/FD5E3B50CA0A400098FF251EB1DD5ECA; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l., except only one specimen with corolla not deep red inside]); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04243509 - P 04243509.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/03/19/6/P04243509.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474880300 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5BFC4DCC076D45C5B805CE1A56F28B6D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "Herbier A. Faure / Plantes d'Algerie / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Oran, ŕ Santa Cruz / Lieu rocailleux / 2. 3. 1937 / Legit A. Faure" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983084 - P 02983084.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983084.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437441352 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0DA5F2F41D6F44D3B9DEF70FF08F83F4; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Mers El Kébir [35°42'25.7"N 0°40'20.3"W 35.707136, -0.672310], 16 Mar 2008" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/130052839 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3888983859 by Errol Vela [https://www.inaturalist.org/people/abounabat] in iNaturalist; accessed Dec 2022).

Sidi Bel Abbčs Province: "Orobanche reticulata Wallr.? / Sidi Bel Abbčs / Lefranc" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983096 - P 02983096.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/2/P02983096.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771901 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/02F10DDB3DA245A1862FBCF9517E8EF9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Azrou ŕ Ras-el-Ma, / sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire]. 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brillant int. jaune sale veiné de rou- / ge ext. stigmate jaune. / ... / Dr. R. Maire" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu002113 - MPU 002113.jpg - hb. Maire - http://plants.jstor.org/specimen/mpu002113 - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424539037; holotypus of O. variegata var. integrisepala; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Hab. in Adenocarpo Boudyi prope Ras-el-Ma Atlantis Medii [Sidi-Bel-Abbčs], ad alt. 1550 m." (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696, loc. class. of O. variegata var. integrisepala Maire); "Tessala [35°16'15.2"N 0°46'33.6"W 35.270874, -0.776001], 8 Mar 2008" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/143217975 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3986122398 by Errol Vela [https://www.inaturalist.org/people/abounabat] in iNaturalist; accessed Dec 2022 [very illustrative images]).

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Andorra / Andorre (Foley 2001: 66, "And [MA 525609; MA12172]")

Sant Juliŕ de Lňria: "parroquia de Sant Juliŕ de Loria, hacia la borda del Germŕ, 940 m, encinares con boj y roquedos, Aedo, C. (2008)" (http://www.anthos.es/v22/, accessed Nov 2011).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Arménie / Armenien [unconfirmed] (Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 98, sub O. gracilis)

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Reichenbach 1829: 38, sub O. gracilis; Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 671 f. 903, sub O. variegata; Nyman 1854-1855: 130 "Austr. (excl. bor.)"; Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 281, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Au", sub O. gracilis; Pusch 2009: 95, sub O. gracilis)

Kärnten / Carinthia / Koroška: "Klagenfurt [Klagenfurt am Wörthersee / Celovec] Traunfellner!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "atque Carinthia" (Reichenbach 1829: 38 sub O. gracilis); "Flora of Austria / ... / Orobanche pancicii Beck / Kärnten, Westrand der Sattnitz, SSW Schiefling am See [Schiefling am Wörthersee / Škofiče, Klagenfurt-Land District / Bezirk Klagenfurt-Land]: / 1,1 km SSE Augsdorf S Kote 558 (9450/1) / 560 m / ... / Leg. Schratt-Ehrendorfer, L. s.n.  02.Aug.2018 / Det. L. Schratt-Ehrendorfer; confirm. G.M. Schneeweiß 2018" (https://herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=1429063 - https://wu.jacq.org/WU0103966 - WU 0103966 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1988306778; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2019, sub O. gracilis).

Niederösterreich / Lower Austria: "Breitenfurt bei Wien [Mödling] Czagl!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Austria inferior fere tota: vidi ex Gloggnitz, Baden ... Kottes etc." (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Oberösterreich / Upper Austria: "Austria: Linz Kurzvvernhart!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Austria superior: ! Wels, Linz, Schwertberg etc." (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); http://www.zobodat.at...fundbase.fundnr=100111205 / Orobanche gracilis Sm.[!] / det.-rev.: Michael Strauch / Österreich, Oberösterreich, am W-Hang bei Mühlbach / Kürnberg [Linz-Land] (Bild Nummer: 00030863 - LI 566044).

Salzburg: "in pluribus locis in Austria, Salisburgo" (Reichenbach 1829: 38 sub O. gracilis); "Salisburgia: ! ex Saalfelden, Lofer, Frohnwies, Aigen, Salzburg" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Steiermark / Styria / Estiria: "Steiermark Pilloni! ... Lofer v. Spitzel! ... Salzburg Sauler! v. Miltitz! Mielichhofer! Papperitz!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Stiria tota: ! Judenburg, Graz, Römerbad etc." (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Tyrol: "Germania australi Tyroli nempe" (Reichenbach 1829: 35, sub O. cruenta); "Hist. 903 Innsbruck [Tyrol, Austria] Heynhold" (Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 671 f. 903, sub O. variegata); "Tyroli" (Reichenbach 1829: 38, sub O. variegata); "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch [Innsbruck] (Rchb.)" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata); "Auf Genista Scoparia [≡ Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link]; in südlichen Gebiete, bei Inspruck [Innsbruck]: Heynhold" (Reichenbach 1831-1832: 354, sub O. variegata); "Insbruck („variegata Rchb.") ... Innsbruck Schramm!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Austria: Tirolia tota: ... Mieders [Innsbruck-Land District], Innsbruck, Hall [Innsbruck-Land District], Kitzbühel [Kitzbühel Alps / Kitzbühler Alpen] etc." (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Orobanche cruenta Bertol. / Tirolia: Lienz in pratis montanis / 5.7.1870 Gardef [?]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419586 - P 04419586.jpg - hb. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04419586.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464661691 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7A169BDFFCB64BC091B974AED2265651; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2012).

Wien / Vienna: "Austria: ... Kahlenberg [Wienerwald (Vienna forest)] bei Wien. Papperitz! ..." (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Wien" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis)

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina / Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine / Федерација Босне и Херцеговине

Central Bosnia Canton / Srednjobosanski kanton / Средњобосански кантон / Županija Središnja Bosna: "Travnik [Травник] ... (leg. Sendtner)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Herzegovina-Neretva Canton / Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija / Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton: "Hercegovina: Mostar [Мостар]!" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "auf dem Velež, hier auf Petteria ramentacea [Petteria ramentacea (Sieber) C. Presl ≡ Cytisus ramentaceus Sieber] (Beck), Podvelež (Pichler)" (Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis).

Sarajevo Canton / Kanton Sarajevo / Sarajevska županija / Сарајевски кантон: "! Sarajevo [Сарајево]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Zenica-Doboj Canton / Zeničko-dobojski kanton / Zeničko-dobojska županija / Зеничко-добојски кантон: "...Zenica [Зеница], Vareš [Вареш] (leg. Sendtner)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Srpska Republika / Република Српска: "...Pale [Пале] (ipse legi)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, sub O. gracilis, "Bu"; Stoyanov 2013, sub O. gracilis).

Smolyan Province / Област Смолян: "P9X3+VF, 4800 [41°44'58.1"N 24°21'12.8"E 41.749477, 24.353549, near Devin / Девин], Bulgarien, 29 Jun 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/140091451 by Lars Mannzen, sub O. alba ssp. xanthostigma, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023, sub O. gracilis [hairy stamens and bloody-red corolla internally]); "4800, Bulgarien [41°45'15.7"N 24°25'17.8"E 41.754356, 24.421606, near Devin / Девин], 4 Jul 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/140287301 by Lars Mannzen, sub O. alba ssp. xanthostigma, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023, sub O. gracilis).

Sofia Province / Софийска област: in monte Vitoš [Vitoša / Витоша / Vitosha] et in monte Balkan prope Petrov Han (leg. Velenovský)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Bulgarien [Bulgaria / България]: auf der Vitoša Planina [Sofia Province] an grasigen Stellen zwischen Crna Skala [Chernata Skala mountain / Black Rock mountain, N 42° 2' 0'' E 22° 49' 0'', Macedonia / Македонија / Makedonija] und Kamiči ober Knaževo bei 1400 m Seehöhe im Juli (F.A. Novak!)" (Beck 1930: 287, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. unidentata); "13th 06th 2009, Mountain Liulin, BG" (photo by Ivelin Assyova in Bulgaria Plants / Plants of Bulgaria, accessed Sep 2011).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso / Кавказ (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 112[107], sub O. gracilis; Tzvelev 1981 [2001]: 460)

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus (Russia) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 112[138], "Caucasus: Cisc.")

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan?, Georgia) (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 112[107], sub O. gracilis, "W. Transc., E. Transc. (west. part)"; Gilli 1982: 22).

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta, "Croat., Dalm."; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. condensata, "Croat."; Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis; Nyman 1881: 558, loc. class. of O. cruenta subsp. noeana; Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1922: 37, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. humilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. gracilis, "Ju")

Istria / Istarska: "bei Salvore in Istrien nach Bias" (Reichenbach 1831-1832: 354, sub O. cruenta); "Pola [Pula / Pulj]" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Istria tota: ... Pola [Pula / Pulj]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Primorje-Gorski Kotar / Primorsko-goranska: "Croat. [Croatia / Croacia / Hrvatska] (Fiume [Rijeka])" (Nyman 1881: 558, loc. class. of O. cruenta subsp. noeana); "Littorale: Fiume [Rijeka] Noë!... Insel Losino bis Chinucchi (Quarnero [Quarnaro / Carnaro / Kvarner]), Veglia [Krk / Khark / Vegl / Curicta] im Quarnero Tommassini! Uzka Berg (M. Maggiore) auf Lathyrus pratensis Tommasini! — Fianona in Istrien Papperitz!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Istria tota: ... i. Veglia [Krk / Khark / Vegl / Curicta, Adriatic island] ... Croatia: ! Agram, Fiume [Rijeka], Carlovic" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Croatia: in monte Trsat prope Fiume ad radices Cytisi argentei L. et Hippocrepidis comosae L., m. Majo 1894 (Beck)" (Beck 1922: 37, loc. class. of O. gracilis f. brevissima; Beck 1930: 286, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. brevissima); "Auf den Quarnero Inseln! [Quarnaro / Carnaro / Kvarner]" (Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis).

Slavonia / Slavonija: "Slavonia ! Semlin" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Splitsko-dalmatinska / Split-Dalmatia: "forte in Dalmatia" (Reichenbach 1829: 35, sub O. cruenta); "Istria tota: ... i. Lesina [Hvar / Hvor / For / Pharos / Pharia / Lesina, Adriatic island] etc.; Dalmatia" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Croatia: Visočica [Visočica Mountain] in monte Velebit, 160 m. s. m., Julio (B. Watzl in herb. univ. Vindob.) (Beck 1922: 37, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. humilis); "Kroatien: auf der Visočica im Velebitgebirge bei 1600 m Seehöhe, im Juli. (B. Watzl in Herb. Univ. Wien)" (Beck 1930: 286, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. humilis); "Orobanche gracilis Sm / 2022-05 / 44°19'14.1"N 15°28'40.7"E 44.320571, 15.477970, Starigrad / Stari Grad / Cittavecchia / Cittavecchia di Lesina" (https://identify.plantnet.org/weurope/observations/1013526016 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3949446608 by Dark Knight Nazgul in Pl@ntNet; accessed Jan 2023).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika / Tschechischen Republik (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. gracilis, "Cz"; Zázvorka 2000: 513, sub O. gracilis; Pusch 2009: 95, sub O. gracilis)

Moravia / Morava / Mähren: "Moravia" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

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England / Inglaterra / Angleterre [United Kingdom] (Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 111, sub O. gracilis) [alien]

South East

Hampshire: "50°59'27.2"N 1°55'09.3"W 50.990898, -1.919248, Martin" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/121248465 by mattnewnham; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2022, sub O. elatior [yellow form, apparently on Centaurea scabiosa]).

South West (Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 111, sub O. gracilis)

Bristol: "in cultivation at the University of Bristol Botanic Garden where introduced in 2009" (Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 111, sub O. gracilis).

Wiltshire: "first time in 2015 ... at its single Wiltshire site ... colonist, or ephemeral introduction ... Henry Edmunds in July 2015 as a solitary ... on his Cholderton Farm estate ... host was most probably Lotus corniculatus ..." (Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 111-112, sub O. gracilis).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Vaucher 1827: 37-38, loc. class. of O. du Genęt des teinturiers; Vaucher 1827: 40, loc. class. of O. du Genęt sagitté; Vaucher 1827: 41-42, sub O. du Genęt cendré; Vaucher 1827: 44, loc. class. of O. de l'Ulex d'europe; Vaucher 1827: 47, loc. class. of O. du Dorichnium ligneux; Reichenbach 1829: 35, "Gallia australi", sub O. cruenta; Reichenbach 1829: 36, Gallia et Helvetia australi", sub O. gracilis; Reichenbach 1829: 38, "Gallia", sub O. variegata; Des Moulins 1835: 71, loc. class. of O. ulicis; Reuter 1847: 15, "Galliâ", sub O. cruenta; Reuter 1847: 17, "Galliâ Australi et Occidentali", sub O. variegata; Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta; Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. variegata; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta; Beck 1890: 199, "Gallia australis et occidentalis", sub O. gracilis; Gautier 1897: 336, sub O. cruenta; Léveillé 1909: 212, loc. class. of O. myrtilli; Beck 1930: 281, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Ga", sub O. gracilis; Kreutz 1995: 103!, sub O. gracilis; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296, sub O. gracilis; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 38-42, sub O. gracilis; Pusch 2009: 95, sub O. gracilis; Tison & al. 2014: 1444, 1951 photo 3, sub O. gracilis)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes] (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta, "Alp.")

Ain (01): "collines de châtaigniers qui s'étemdent de la Rippe ŕ Divonne, dans le pays de Gex [Gex]" (Vaucher 1827: 40, loc. class. of O. du Genęt sagitté).

Allier (03): "Couzon" (Cariot 1854: 390, sub O. cruenta).

Drôme / Droma (26): "Col de Boite 17.5.07" (photos by Günther's, accessed Sep 2011).

Isčre: (38): "insulis Iseranis [Isarinseln, Isčre / Isera / Isčra] frequens" (Reichenbach 1829: 38 sub O. gracilis); "Pic de Beaumont (05) - 18/06/2007" (photos by F. Le Driant in FloreAlpes.com - 2011, accessed Sep 2011).

Rhône (69D): "la Pape [Rillieux-la-Pape]" (Cariot 1854: 390, sub O. cruenta).

Savoie (73): "Je l'ai retrouvée ensuite de Chambéry [Chambéry / Ciamberě]" (Vaucher 1827: 37-38, loc. class. of O. du Genęt des teinturiers). 

Basse-Normandie

Calvados: "Vire (Calvados)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Centre (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta, "le centre de la France")

Loir-et-Cher: "Cheverny et Sargé (Loire et Cher)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Herbier d Luizet / Orobanche Ulicis (Desmoulins) / Romorantin (Loir & Cher) ... sur l'Ulex nanus [Ulex nanus T.F. Forst. ex Symons = Ulex minor Roth]. / 10 Juin 1888" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384349 - P 04384349.jpg - hb. Guétrot 1943 - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04384349.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465190267 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/EF511B86E14248E785B049910C3B5A4E; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2012).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega

"Corsicâ ... (Mutel)" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata); "Corsicâ ... (Mutel)" (Reuter 1847: 18, sub O. condensata); "Cors. (Mut.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. condensata); "Cros. (?)" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "Corsica ... (n.v.)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); Beck 1930: 282; "Co" (Chater & Webb 1972: 293)

Haute-Corse (2B): "Secteur Cap Corse, commune de Meria ... secteur Incudine-Bavella ... J7114 (G)" (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 38-42, sub O. gracilis).

Franche-Comté

Jura: "le Jura" (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta); "Jura" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta).

Île-de-France

Paris: "tout l'ouest de Paris ŕ Bayonne" (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta); "Gall. (centr.; occ. de Paris ŕ Bayonne)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta); "Paris, St. Germain en Laye [Saint-Germain-en-Laye]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Seine-et-Marne: "Mantes! Fontainebleau (Woods)" (Cosson & Germain 1843-1844, loc. class. of O. cruenta var. citrina Coss. & Germ.); "Mantes" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine  [Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes]

Charente-Maritime (16): "Les Nouillers, Charente (F), 15-6-1986" (Kreutz 1995: 103, sub O. gracilis [!]).

Corrčze (19): "Les espéces protégées de Brive [Brive-la-Gaillarde]: Page 2" (photo by Le Jardin Sauvage, accessed Nov 2011); "Orobanche gręle (Orobanche gracilis) dans une prairie sčche calcicole (Corrčze - Limousin)" (photo by Anne Sorbes in Puy d'Arnac - Flore, accessed Nov 2011).

Dordogne (24): "Cette magnifique Orobanche, que j'ai découverte, auprčs de Lanquais [Lanquais], le 5 juillet 1827, est loin de croître partout oů se trouve l'Ulex nanus ... " (Des Moulins 1835: 71, loc. class. of O. ulicis); "Orobanche Ulicis nanae. Des Moul. // Herb. J. Gay / Presented by Dr. Hooker, February 1868. // Aux Pailloles, commune de Lanquais, / prčs Bergerac, dép. de la Dordogne, le 3 Mai 1834 (Des Moulins) / . Des Moulins / dedit 9.br 1834" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759378 - K 000759378 - Herb. J. Gay - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400432.jpg, type of O. ulicis; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Bergerac ... St. Genies (Dordogne)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Gironde (33): "mais je l'ai reçue de M. Charles Des Moulins, qui l'a trouvée dans les Landes du Médoc [Landes de Gascogne], croissant au milieu de l'Ulex" (Vaucher 1827: 44, loc. class. of O. de l'Ulex d'europe; "Ulex europeeus me parut, il est vrai, la plante dominante dans le seul lieu (St.-Julien de Pauillac [Saint-Julien-Beychevelle], département de la Gironde), oů j'aie trouvé cette Orobanche; mais je n'ai aucune preuve de son adhérence ŕ la racine de l'ajonc" (Duby 1828: 349); "... M. Du Rieu de Maisonneuve [Durieu] a retrouvé cette espčce dans d'autres parties du Périgord ... ŕ Bourg [Gironde]..." (Des Moulins 1835: 71, loc. class. of O. ulicis); "Bordeaux" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Landes (40): "Galloprovinciae propč Mées" (Duby 1828: 349, sub O. foetida).

Pyrénées-Atlantiques / Pirenčus-Atlantics / Pirinio-Atlantiarrak (64): "Vasconiae (Des Moul.)" (Duby 1828: 349, sub O. foetida); "tout l'ouest de Paris ŕ Bayonne ... les Pyrénées" (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta); "Gall. (centr.; occ. de Paris ŕ Bayonne)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta); "Cette [Cette-Eygun]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); Zuberoa, Binbaleta, 30TXN7358, 1500 m, resaltes margosos, pastos pedregosos y graveras de cara este, 30/07/1991, P.M. Uribe-Echebarría (VIT 5677, sub O. gracilis) // Revisión para «Contribuciones VI» / O. gracilis Sm. / rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26.11.2002; Zuberoa, Binbaleta, 30TXN7358, 1500 m, resaltes margosos, pastos pedregosos y graveras de cara este, 30/07/1991, P.M. Uribe-Echebarría (VIT 5678, sub O. gracilis) // Revisión para «Contribuciones VI» / O. gracilis Sm. / rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26.11.2002; Bidart, Uhabia, 30TXP11, arenales costeros, 23/05/1994, P. Urrutia (VIT 18483, sub O. gracilis) // Revisión para «Contribuciones VI» / O. gracilis Sm. / rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26.11.2002; Lapurdi, Anglet, 30TXP1817, 5 m, dunas fijas, 4/05/1996, J. Elorza & J. Valencia [SESTAO 239.96]  (VIT 67425, sub O. gracilis) // Revisión para «Contribuciones VI» / O. gracilis Sm. / rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26.11.2002; Lapurdi, Biarritz, 30TXP1813, 20 m, terrenos arenosos, 4/05/1996, J. Elorza & J. Valencia (VIT 67426, sub O. gracilis) // Revisión para «Contribuciones VI» / O. gracilis Sm. / rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26.11.2002; Promenade Eynard (bajo la Promenade de l’Imperatrice, sobre Eaux-Bonnes), 30TYN1260, 860 m, junto a Lotus pedunculatus Cav. en camino herboso, G. Moreno Moral MM0089/2009, 01.07.2009 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13332).

Deux-Sčvres: 1. "Orobanche ulicis Desm. / Nueil sous les ambieres [Nueil-les-Aubiers] / Deux-Sčvres / 28 Mai 1863 Dr. Genevier / From J.G. Baker, / Thirsk, Yorkshire". – 2. "Herbarium of the late J. Traherne Moggridge / ... 1875" (US 14620891 - NMNH-03926925.jpg - http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/m33eb48d3e-ff2a-4494-ad49-32b4092bd1bb - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2643365647; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023).

Vienne (86): "Orobanche cruenta Bert. / var. Ulicis Desm. / Coulombiers (Vienne) / 7 Juin 1871" (BESA 015913 - Collection Contejean; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "F. Schultz, herbarium normale. Con. 8 / 723, Orobanche Ulices D. Des Moulins ... / ... / Du 25 mai au 5 juin 1863. / Sur les racines de l'Ulex nanus, dans les landes du ter- / rain argillo-siliceux ŕ Pindray, prčs Montmorillon (Vienne). / Rec. T. Chaboisseau" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817518 - L 2817518.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Vienne ... Montmorillon" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

"N. 94 / cette belle Orobanche et trčs commune en Limousin / sur les racines de l'ulex Europaeus ou de l'ulex nanus, et / ... / ... Orobanche ulicis Desm. / ... / ... rouge / Sanguin ... / ... / ...1835 [m. E. Cosson]" (K 000759380 - hb. J. Gay - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400436.jpg - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759380; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Occitanie / Occitŕnia [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Aričge (09): "ad Mijanes [Mijančs]" (Bubani 1897: 251, sub O. cruenta).

Aude (11): "Legi in Pyr. Atax. supra Narbonne secus iter de Lesignan, die 26. Maj. 1839." (Bubani 1897: 251, sub O. cruenta); beside the Cap des Trois Frčres, near the Franqui, 03ş 02’ 50’’ E, 42ş 55’ 35’’ N, 50 m, apparently parasitizing Coronilla sp. and Dorycnium pentaphyllum in limestone soils in a place of shrubs and pasture, G. Moreno Moral, 1 May 2009 (obs.).

Haute-Garonne (31): "Pyren. Orientalium et Tolosae ex Lapeyr." (Duby 1828: 349, sub O. foetida); "Ex Sybarette, Pyr. septr. med., habui a Deville. Observavi in nemore Larramet (ad. Toulouse)" (Bubani 1897: 251, sub O. cruenta); "Viveret ad Toulouse, ex Mut. Fr. 2 p. 448" (Bubani 1897: 253, sub O. variegata); "H. Les prairies humides, les pâturages secs, les bois; sur les du Lotier corniculé C. C. C., sur celles du Genęt des teinturiers et du Genęt sagitté. C. Toulouse: partout." (Noulet 1837: 484, loc. class. of  O. vulgaris sensu Noulet).

Hautes-Pyrénées (65): "Herb. Mus. Paris / Orobanche Spartii Vaucher / Sur Spartium junceum / Sauveterre prčs Mauborget (Htes Pyrén. [Hautes-Pyrénées]) / 10 juin 1873 / Leg. Dulac" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04385068 - P 04385068.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/2/P04385068.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464994227 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/8C4CE92C2436410791F2F4A15EC0DA69; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04385069 - P 04385069.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/2/P04385069.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465073799 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/CD736452181B407C9BEC160FEB8F2E28; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [specimen very bad conserved]); ibidem (P 04385070 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "ad Aras, supra Argeles de Bigorre [Argelčs-Gazost], ad Escaladieu [Escaladieu Abbey / l'Abbaye de l'Escaladieu]" (Bubani 1897: 251, sub O. cruenta); "Habui ex la Coume grande ŕ Bize, et ex Nestier a Deville ... Valle [vallée de] Lesponne" (Bubani 1897: 253, sub O. variegata); "Vidi ex Bareges [Barčges] (H. Pyren.)" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Hérault (34): Orobanche cruenta Bertol. Saint-Guiraud, 2 juin 1885 (MPU 651094 - hb. Coustan; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Saint-Guilhem-le-Desert [Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert / Sant Guilhčm dau Desčrt] 1.6.09 ... Lac de Salagou [Celles] 4.6.09 ... Sčte 10.5.84" (photos by Günther's, accessed Sep 2011).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenčus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "Pyren. Orientalium et Tolosae ex Lapeyr." (Duby 1828: 349, sub O. foetida); "Pyrenaes (Benth.)" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata); "les Pyrénées" (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta); "Pyrénées-Orientales (Benth.)" (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. variegata); "Pyren." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta); "Pyren. orient." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. variegata); "Pyren. or. (Bth.)" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "vallée d'Eyne (Pyrénées-Orientales), 24 aoűt 1852, sur les racines du Genista purgans [Genista purgans L. = Genista scorpius (L.) DC.]" (Loret 1859: 443, sub O. variegata); "Sur les Sarothamnus scoparius et purgans, Spartium junceum: Albčres et vallée de l'Agly ŕ la montagne de Laroque, Port-Vendres, Banyuls, etc.; Tautavel, etc.; Cerdagne au val d'Eyne (Loret), etc." (Gautier 1897: 336, sub O. variegata); "Roussillon; Albčres; vallée de la Tet jusq'au-dessus de Mosset et la Trancade d'Ambouilla" (Gautier 1897: 336, sub O. cruenta); "Albčres ŕ Colliure, la Massane au correc del Llam; Banyuls, etc." (Gautier 1897: 336, sub O. cruenta var. citrina); "ad Bagnouls sur mer [Banyuls-sur-Mer / Banyuls de la Marenda], Port-Vendres [Portvendres]" (Bubani 1897: 251, sub O. cruenta); "ad Mont-Louis [Montlluís] parasiticam supra Genistam purgatem [Genista purgans L. = Genista scorpius (L.) DC.] ... Ad Baniuls sur mer [Banyuls-sur-Mer / Banyuls de la Marenda] vidit Timbal" (Bubani 1897: 253, sub O. variegata); "Port-Vendres (Gaut.), Vall d'Eina (Loret ex Gaut.)" (Cadevall 1932: 302, sub O. variegata); "Corneilla-de-Conflent [Cornellŕ de Conflent] le 10/06/04" (photo, sub O. alba, in Fleurs du Roussillon, accessed Nov 2011); "Prugnanes [Saint-Paul-de-Fenouillet] le 29/04/08" (photo, sub O. gracilis, in Fleurs du Roussillon, accessed Nov 2011).

Pays de la Loire

Maine-et-Loire (49): "Orobanche cruenta Bertol. / ... du Bellay / 24 mai 1846. / sur le genista pilosa [Genista pilosa L.]!" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419586 - P 04419586.jpg - hb. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04419586.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464661691 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7A169BDFFCB64BC091B974AED2265651; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2012).

Mayenne (53): "Orobanche Myrtilli Léveillé et Labbé / Laval bois de l'Huisserie / sur Vaccinium Myrtillus / 24 juin 1909 Corfec leg." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03307815 - P 03307815.jpg - hb. Léveillé - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464966695 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F83731A8839D4A96B85FDCE1239FF2BD; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018 [the sheet contains two specimens that seem to correspond to O. gracilis]; "Laval: prairie au milieu du bois de l'Huisserie, sur Vaccinium Myrtillus L., 24 juin 1909 (Corfec)" (Léveillé 1909: 212, loc. class. of O. myrtilli H. Lév. & É. Labbé).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta, "les Alpes... la Provence"; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta, "Alp. ...; Prov."; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. condensata, "Prov.: Mut."; Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. Spartii, "Gall. mer.-occ. (?)")

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): "Digne [Digne-les-Bains] (Basses-Alpes [Alpes-de-Haute-Provence]), fin juin 1850, sur les racines du Cytisus sessilifolius [Cytisus sessilifolius L. Cytisophyllum sessilifolium (L.) O. Lang]" (Loret 1859: 443, sub O. variegata).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "Je l'ai trouvée en assez grande abondance sur la route Nice ŕ Tende [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, France-Italy] entre l'Escarelle [L'Escarčne] et Sospello [Sospel], et entre Sospello et la Gondouille" (Vaucher 1827: 41-42, loc. class. of O. du Genęt cendré); "Je l'ai trouvée en assez grande quantité sur les rochers qui bordent la route de Nice [Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] ŕ la Trébie [Trebbia, Province of Genoa, Liguria Italy], entre Final [Finale Ligure, Savone Province, Liguria Italy] et Pietra [Pietra Ligure, Savone Province, Liguria Italy], et en général sur les collines du Littoral" (Vaucher 1827: 47, loc. class. of O. du Dorichnium ligneux).

Bouches-du-Rhône (13): "Marseil. [Marseille]" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "Orobanche variegata Wallr / Sur les racines de la Genista juncea [Spartium junceum L.] / ...; Garlaban / 11 Juin 1854 - Marseille / H. Roux" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04385052 - P 04385052.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/2/P04385052.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465049341 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/2D960C716A5A4D8887A195AD88006640; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]).

Hautes-Alpes (05): path to Le Replat, next to the Barranc de Touvet (near les Barrets village, Gap commune), parasitic on Leguminosae, Carlón, Gómez Casares & Moreno Moral MM0146/2004, 18 June 2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11925).

Var (83): 1. "Orobanche foetida / ... / Fréjus / Perreymond 1846". – 2. "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Reut! in DC prod. / O. foetida DC! non Desf.! / en Reuter! (1851)" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04385050 - P 04385050jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/2/P04385050.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465189404 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A283F40657EA4E81831465B98EAB2C8F; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]); "ad Forum Julii Gallo-provinciae (Peyreim. ex Mut.)" (Reuter 1847: 18, sub O. condensata); "Fréjus, Hyčres" (Grenier 1853: 630, sub O. cruenta); "Fréjus! (Perreymond)2 (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. variegata); "Gall. (Frejus [Fréjus / Frejús]...)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. variegata); "Gallopr. (Frejus [Fréjus / Frejús]...)" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "Orobanche variegata / Sur le Dorycnium suffruticosum [Dorycnium suffruticosum Vill. ≡ Lotus dorycnium L.] ... / Plau d'Aigne, prčs de la La Roquebrussanne [?] / (Var) / legi 4 Jun 1864 Schultz" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04395317 - P 04395317.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/02/2/P04395317.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465190478 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F158534C0FDE43CCBD6A98AEFFF316C0 et https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04395318 - P 04395318.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/02/2/P04395318.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464979345 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/AE135E17AEE4433EB8B23AB0F84B289C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Géorgie / Georgien (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 112[107], sub O. gracilis; Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 89, sub O. gracilis)

Kakheti / Кахетия (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 89, sub O. gracilis): "Orobanche gracilis Sm. / = O. cruenta Bertol / Тифлисская губ. [Tiflis Governorate], Телавский ... [Telavi Municipality] / ... / 8.06.1916. / [Leg.] Петунников А.Н. [Petunnikov A.N.] (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723497 - MW 0723497.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1697840989, accessed Jun 2022).

Mtskheta-Mtianeti / Мцхета-Мтианети (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 89, sub O. gracilis)

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti / Рача-Лечхуми и Нижняя Сванетия (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 89, sub O. gracilis)

Samtskhe-Javakheti / Самцхе-Джавахети (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 89, sub O. gracilis): Samtskhe-Javakheti [41°49'25.7"N 43°19'10.4"E - 41.823792, 43.319541, near Likani, Borjomi district], 16 Jun 2019 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/31416537 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2465119689 by Curren Frasch in iNaturalist, accessed Jun 2022).

Shida Kartli / Шида-Картли (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 90, sub O. gracilis)

Tbilisi / Тбилиси (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 90, sub O. gracilis): "Asia. / Transcaucasia: Chasmi orient, versus a Tiflis [Tbilisi] (leg. Hohenacker, nisi schedula me fallit?)" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis).

South Ossetia / Южная Осетия / Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania / Республика Южная Осетия (Государство Алания) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 90, sub O. gracilis)

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne (Reichenbach 1829: 35, "Germania australi Tyroli nempe", sub O. cruenta; Reuter 1847: 15, "Germaniâ", sub O. cruenta; Nyman, 1854-1855: 130 "Germ. (Bayern.)"; Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 281, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Ge"; Kreutz, 1995: 102!-103!; Haeupler & Muer, 2000: 451, photo 2490!)

Bavaria / Bayern: "899 in pratis Monhemii [Monheim, Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] in rad. Loti corniculati Julio cl. Schnitzlein" (Reichenbach 1829: 36, sub O. gracilis); "Bavaria" (Reichenbach 1829: 36, sub O. gracilis); "In Oberbayern [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] gegen den Co. chelsee und bei Wasserburg [Wasserburg am Inn, Rosenheim, Upper Bavaria] sehr häufig von mir aufgefunden und auf Genista tinctoria sitzend ausgegraben. 1830 Frühling" (Schultz 1830: 505, "loc. class. of" Orobanche cruenta var. genistae); "im südlichen Gebiete, bis nach München [Upper Bavaria], auf den Isarinseln: v. Spitzel, Monheim: Schnitzlein" (Reichenbach 1831-1832: 354, sub O. gracilis); "Germ. (Bayern.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta); "Monnheirn [Monheim, Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] Schnizlein! Isarauen bei Mönchen Kurz! Isarinseln daselbst v. Spitzel! Unterpinzgau, vom vom Thal bis 5500' aufsteigend v. Spitzel! Partenkirchen v. Spitzel! Tölz [Bad Tölz, district of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] Papperitz! Partenkirchen [Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] v. Spitzel!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Germania: in Bavaria australi et media (! Hohenschwangau [Ostallgäu, Swabia], Schongau [Weilheim-Schongau, Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern], Partenkirchen [Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Upper Bavaria], München [Upper Bavaria], Regensburg [Ratisbon, Upper Palatinate]) septentrionem versus usque ad Streitberg 49ş 50' et ad Sylvam bavaricam" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Bayern: bei Neuburg a. d. Donau juxta Ried 1907 (Erdei)" (Beck 1922: 37, loc. class. of Orobanche gracilis var. typica f. albo-violacea); "with host (Lotus corniculatus) Berchtesgaden, Berchtesgadener Alpen (D), 26-7-1989" (Kreutz 1995: 102-103, sub O. gracilis [!]); "Hurlach 8.6.08" [Landsberg] (photos by Günther's, accessed Sep 2011); "Orobanche cruenta / Sur le Hypocrepis / comosa ŕ Munich" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419586 - P 04419586.jpg - hb. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04419586.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464661691 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7A169BDFFCB64BC091B974AED2265651; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2012).

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Greece / Ελλάδα / Hellas / Grecia / Grčce / Griechenland (Schultz 1843: 130, loc. class. of O. breviflora; Schultz 1843: 130, loc. class. of O. spruneri; Reuter 1847: 16, sub O. spruneri; Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis var. spruneri; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. gracilis, "Gr"; https://floraionica.univie.ac.at/index.php?site=2&taxa_id=3953, sub O. gracilis in Flora Ionica, accessed Jan 2023)

Attica Region / Αττική / Attikí: 1. "O. breviflora / Sepalis 3-5 nervis ex basi ovata / subito subulatis ... / ... / ... / ... staminibus in basi / corollae insertis glabris / Habitas O. cruenta / In Attica leg. Fraas". – 2. "Orobanche breviflora F. G. Schultz". – 3. "... / Herbarium (WU) / [wahrscheinlich Holo-] Typus von / Orobanche breviflora / F.W. Schultz in Flora 26: 130 (1843) / Handschriftlicher Entwurf der (!Original-) / Diagnose von F.W. Schultz. / 1998 W. Gutermann (Wien)". – 4. "Orobanche gracilis Sm. / 1998 det. W. Gutermann (Wien)" (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=517617 - https://wu.jacq.org/WU0077698 - WU-Keck 0077698 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1830990186; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023, holoypus of O. breviflora); "In Attica [Attica / Αττική / Attikí] legit Cl. Fraas" (Schultz 1843: 130, loc. class. of O. breviflora); "... in Atticâ ..." (Reuter 1847: 16, sub O. spruneri); "Attica... (DC)." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub Orobanche spruneri); "Graecia: Attica: in monte Pentelikon etc., in insula Aegina [Saronic Islands]" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis var. spruneri); "De Heldreich plantae exsicc. Florae Hellenicae. / Dr. Heldr. Herbarium Graecum normale / 75. Orobanche spruneri F.W. Sch. / O. gracilis Sm., Beck! / Flora Attica: in m. Pentelico [Pentéli / Πεντέλη / Pentelikon, Athens], in reg. media / ad radices Cistorum / Legit Dr. Th. de Heldreich  16 Mai 1894[?]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04405540 - P 04405540.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/30/2/P04405540.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464773072 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/1063F778B7944E1A9A0292B033A0D68C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2012); "75 / Orobanche spruneri / F.W. Schultz / Flora Attica: in m. Pentelico [Pentéli / Πεντέλη / Pentelikon, Athens], in reg. / inter ad radices Cistorum / Legit Dr. Th. de Heldreich  16 Mai 1894" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410447 - P 04410447.jpg - hb. L. Giraudias - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/2/P04410447.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465015493 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/FE9146C9C337428786078C93F54FFA5C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2012); "Kon/nou Paleologou Ia 85, Glifada 165 61 [37°52'57.1"N 23°46'37.1"E 37.882523, 23.776979], 11 Apr 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/22369258 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2988307341 by kmdonnelly, sub O. gracilis, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023!).

Central Greece Region / Στερεά Ελλάδα: "Graecia [Greece]: in herb. Heldreich, ! ex ins. Euboea [Aegean Islands, Central Greece] prope Kymi, monte Hymetto" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis).

Central Macedonia Region / Κεντρική Μακεδονία [Macedonia Region / Μακεδονία]: "(Maced.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta); "Macedonia!" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis); "Ostmakedonien und Thrakien, Livaditis-Region [41°19'11.7"N 24°41'31.1"E 41.319923, 24.691981], 24 Jun 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/100585440 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3415605647 by josefwirth, sub O. gracilis, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023!).

Crete Region / Κρήτη / Kreta / Creta: "Cr" (Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. gracilis).

Epirus Region / Ήπειρος: "Epirus! ... Kestoration (Epirus)" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis).

Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη [Macedonia Region / Μακεδονία]: "(Maced.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta); "Macedonia!" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis); "670 62, Griechenland, Dasos Haidous [41°20'58.3"N 24°46'25.2"E 41.349528, 24.773667], 24 Jun 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/100584418 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/josefwirth in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2023!).

Ionian Islands Region / Ιόνια νησιά

Zante / Zakynthos Island"Ins. Zante" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta).

Peloponnese Region / Περιφέρεια Πελοποννήσου

Argolis regional unit / Αργολίδα / Argolída: "In radicibus Cisti cujusdam ad Melissam [Malitsina / Malitsína / Μελισσά / Melissa / Mélissa] prope urbem Naupliam [Nafplio / Nauplion] (Schultz), in Atticâ et Argolide [Argolis / Αργολίδα / Argolída, Peloponnese] (Spruner! Boissier!)" (Reuter 1847: 16, sub O. spruneri); "Pelop. (DC)." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. spruneri); "Nauplia [Nafplio / Nauplion, Peloponnese], prope Dekeleiam in monte Parnethe" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis); "Argolis: Nauplia [Nafplio / Nauplion, Peloponnese], Myken [Mycenae / Μυκήνη / Mykēnē]" (Beck 1890: 200, sub var. spruneri).

West Greece Region / Περιφέρεια Δυτικής Ελλάδας

Elis regional unit / Ilia / Ηλεία / Ileia: 1. "Orobanche speciosa DC. var. major Spruner / Orobanche Spruneri F. G. Schultz Bistche / Auf Cistus bei Melissa [Malitsina / Malitsína / Μελισσά / Melissa / Mélissa, Elis / Ilia / Ηλεία / Ileia] nächst / Nauplia [Nafplio / Ναύπλιο / Nauplion] / Spruner". – 2. "Orobanche ampliflora F. G. Sch. / O. Spruneri F. G. Schultz Bistche / O. speciosa Sprun. nec DC. var. major Spruner / Sepalis ... / ... staminibus in basi corollae / insertis basi dense villosis superne / styloque glanduloso-pubescentibus / verte". – 3. "aff. var. O. cruenta und condensata / ... / Orobanche speciosa DC Spruner non DC. / variet. major / Auf Cistus bei Melissa nächst / Nauplia / Spruner / Orobanche Spruneri F. G. Schultz Bistche". – 4. "... / Herbarium (WU) / [Iso- oder wahrscheinlich Holo-] Typus von / Orobanche spruneri / F.W. Schultz in Flora 26: 130 (1843) / Handschriftlicher Entwurf der (!Original-) / Diagnose von F.W. Schultz. / 1998 W. Gutermann (Wien)". – 5. "Orobanche gracilis Sm. / (var. spruneri (F.W. Schultz) Beck) / 1998 det. W. Gutermann (Wien)" (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=517732 - https://wu.jacq.org/WU0077705 - WU-Keck 0077705 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1830990248; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2023, holoypus of O. spruneri); "In Cisto ad Melissam [Malitsina / Malitsína / Μελισσά / Melissa / Mélissa, Laconia / Λακωνία / Lacedaemonia] prope Naupliam [Nafplio / Nauplion, Peloponnese] legit Cl. Spruner" (Schultz 1843: 130, loc. class. of O. spruneri); "Zoulatika [Neromylos / Νερόμυλος, Elis / Ilia / Ηλεία / Ileia] (Gortyniae)" (Beck 1890: 200, sub O. gracilis).

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Hungary / Magyarország / Hungría / Hongrie / Ungarn (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, "Hung.", sub O. cruenta; Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Hu", sub O. gracilis)

"Hungaria: ! Theben, Pressburg, Gran, Temesvar, Lugos, Werschetz, ... Orsova" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Central Hungary / Közép-Magyarország

Pest County: "Pomáz [47°42'15.1"N 18°57'06.7"E 47.704182, 18.951858], 2013 Magyarország, 12 Oct 2012" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/144029933 by Attila Lengyel in iNaturalist; accessed Dec 2022).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Smith 1798: 172, loc. class. of O. gracilis; Vaucher 1827: 37, sub Orobanche du Genęt des teinturiers; Reichenbach 1829: 35, "Italia omni", sub O. cruenta; Bertoloni 1846: 431, sub O. cruenta, "Vulgatissima in tota Italia; Reuter 1847: 15, "Italiâ", sub O. cruenta; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta, "Ital. contin.; Sicil."; Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "It"; Pignatti 1982; Pusch 2009: 95, sub O. gracilis; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296; Conti & al. 2005, "Distribuzione in Italia"; sub "O. variegata, photos by Patrizia Ferrari" in www.luirig.altervista.org; accessed Sep 2011)

Abruzzo: sub "Orobanche variegata by Marinella Miglio - Abruzzo" (www.luirig.altervista.org; accessed Sep 2011); "Massa d'Albe (AQ) [Province of L'Aquila], 900 m, giu 2007" (sub O. variegata, photo by Marinella Miglio in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Apulia: "Gargano Tenore!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "monte Gargano" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Calabria: "AY209242: Italy, Calabria, province of Raggio di Calabria, coastal slopes NW of Barriteri ca. 6 km W of Seminara, along a path from the Monte Sant’Elia to Palmi, 300-350 m, GS (WU: S&T 7481) (Carlón & al. 2005: 64).

Campania

Avellino: "Italia in monte Avellino m. Junio (A. Trotter)" (Beck 1922: 37, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. brevissima).

Naples: "Neap." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. Spartii); "Neapel" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Emilia-Romagna

Bologna: "Hist. 896. Bologna. cl. Bertolene" (Reichenbach 1829: 35, sub O. cruenta).

Modena: "Prignano (MO) [Prignano sulla Secchia, Province of Modena], 700 m, giu 2008" (http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php?id=1119 by Patrizia Ferrari in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011); "Rovolo (MO) [Province of Modena], giu 2010" (sub O. variegata, http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php by Patrizia Ferrari in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Parma: "Parmae Jan!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis).

Piacenza (PC): "Torrio di Ferriere (PC) [Province of Piacenza], 1350 m, lug 2011" (http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php?id=1119 by Enrico Romani in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Trieste (TS): "Grignano, Triester Gebiet. Tommasini!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 92-93, sub O. gracilis); "Trieste [Trst / Triest, Trieste Province] ..." (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Comune di San Dorligo/Dolina, localitŕ Bagnoli della Rosandra, lungo il rio, a monte dell'abitato, TS, FVG, Italia, 4/5/05" (picture by Andrea Moro in Moro & al., O. gracilis. Dryades project; accessed, Nov. 2014); "Comune di Trieste, localitŕ Santa Croce, lungo la strada sterrata per Aurisina, TS, Friuli Venezia-Giulia, Italia, 25.04.2009" (picture by Andrea Moro in Moro & al., O. gracilis. Dryades project; accessed Nov 2014).

Udine (UD): "Pagnacco (UD) [Province of Udine], mag 2008" (photos by Gianni Dose in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011); "Passo del Pura [Ampezzo, Provincia di Udine] ... Santa Croce [Santa Croxe / Križ, Trieste Province] ... Bagnoli della Rosandra [Boljunec, San Dorligo della Valle / Dolina, Trieste Province]..." (photos by A. Moro, Universitŕ degli Studi di Trieste, accessed, Sept. 2011); "Comune di Ampezzo, Passo Pura, spazio erboso davanti al Rifugio Tita Piaz, UD, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italia, 14/07/2013" (picture by Andrea Moro in Moro & al., O. gracilis. Dryades project; accessed Nov 2014); "Comune di Ampezzo, localitŕ Passo del Pura, prato di fronte all'omonimo rifugio, UD, FVG, Italia, 18/7/04" (picture by Andrea Moro in Moro & al., O. gracilis. Dryades project; accessed Nov 2014).

Venice (VE): "... Venezia [Venice Province]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Liguria: "Gathered in hilly pastures at St. Orsese near Genoa, in July 1787" [Sant'Olcese, Province of Genoa / Genova] (Smith 1798: 172, loc. class. of O. gracilis); "Je l'ai trouvée dans les Apennins au-dessus du Ronco [Ronco Scrivia, Genoa, Province of Genoa], entre Novi [Novi Ligure, Alessandria, Piedmont] et Gęnes [Genoa, Genoa Province]; je l'ai revue ensuite dans le passage de Mondovi [Mondově, Cuneo Province, Piedmont] ŕ Savone [Savona, Savone Province, Liguria], entre Cčva [Cuneo Province] et Carcara [Savone Province], bordant la route et croissant sur les lisičres des bois." (Vaucher 1827: 39, loc. class. of Orobanche du Genęt germanique); "Je l'ai trouvée en assez grande quantité sur les rochers qui bordent la route de Nice [Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France] ŕ la Trébie [Trebbia, Province of Genoa], entre Final [Finale Ligure, Savone Province] et Pietra [Pietra Ligure, Savone Province], et en général sur les collines du Littoral" (cf. Vaucher 1827: 47, loc. class. of O. du Dorichnium ligneux); "In sylvaticis montanis supra Genuam [Genoa / Genova] legerunt Hortulani H. R. botanici gennensis." (De Notaris 1844: 305, loc. class. of O. satyrus); "Ne' monti selvosi della valle di Polcevera [Genoa / Genova (GE)] (DNtrs.)" (De Notaris 1846: 53); "Genova nella valle della Polcevera (DNtrs.)" (Béguinot 1902: 478); "in collibus supra Genuam [Genoa, Genoa Province] (Vauch.)" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata); "Ligur." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. Satyrus); "Auf Triften in der Ebene und in Hügellande in Ligurien: Bertol." (Reichenbach 1831-1832: 354, sub O. cruenta); "Ligur." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. Spartii); "Ligur. Hetr. (Lucc., alp. Apuan.)" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "Genuae (Vauch.)" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. Spartii); "Ligur. (Genova)" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. satyrus); "Liguria: S. Remo, Via Taggia e Cercina, Costa dei frati, m. Junio 1894 (Bicknell)" (Beck 1922: 37, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. typica f. ingens); AY209239: Italy, Ligurian Alps, Marg. Tenarda to Passo Valletta, 1570-1920 m, GS, PS & AT (WU: S&T 6368) (Carlón & al. 2005: 64); "Pian del Lago, Comune di Casarza Ligure (GE [Provincia di Genova]), 850 m, 06/05/2008 (http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php?id=1119 by Adriano Stagnaro in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed 23 Sep 2011); "Mendatica (IM) [Province of Imperia] 1600 m, giu 2011" (http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php?id=1119 by Renzo Salvo in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed 23 Sep 2011); "M. Pietravecchia (IM) [Monte Pietravecchia, Alpi del Marguareis, Province of Imperia], 1500 m, giu 2009" (sub O. variegata, photos by Franco Guadagni in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Lombardia: "... Les échantillons cueillis en Lombardie dans des lieux découverts, ont la gorge d'un rouge de sang" (Vaucher 1827: 37, sub O. du Genęt des teinturiers).

Bergamo: "Endine Gaiano (BG) [Province of Bergamo], mag 2007" (http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php?id=1119 by Marinella Zepigi in Acta plantarum; accessed Sep 2011).

Brescia: "Loca italica: Lasisii ad Benacum Fontana [Toscolano-Maderno]! Brescia ... Brescia: Lanfossi!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Valle di Stabio (BS) [Gruppo dell'Adamello, Alpi Retiche meridionali, Brescia Province], 1500 m, giu 2007" (http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php?id=1119 by Attilio Marzorati in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Marche: "Montelupone (MC) [Provincia di Macerata], 1000 m, giu 2008" (sub O. variegata, http://www.actaplantarum.org/acta/albums1.php by Maria Grazia Lobba in www.actaplantarum.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Piedmont: "... Je l'ai trouvée depuis Domo d'Ossola [Domodossola] jusqu'ŕ Baveno [Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola], et sur toutes les collines de la rive occidentale du lac Majeur [Lago Maggiore] ..." (Vaucher 1827: 37, loc. calss. of O. du Genęt des teinturiers); "Je l'ai trouvée dans les Apennins au-dessus du Ronco [Ronco Scrivia, Genoa, Province of Genoa], entre Novi [Novi Ligure, Alessandria, Piedmont] et Gęnes [Genoa, Genoa Province]; je l'ai revue ensuite dans le passage de Mondovi [Mondově, Cuneo Province, Piedmont] ŕ Savone [Savona, Savone Province, Liguria], entre Cčva [Cuneo Province] et Carcara [Savone Province], bordant la route et croissant sur les lisičres des bois." (Vaucher 1827: 39, loc. class. of Orobanche du Genęt germanique); "Pedemontio prope Tendam! [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, France-Italy] ubi legi" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata); "Pedem. (DC: O. superba De Not. in Bertol. fl. ital. VI. 446)" (cf. Nyman, 1854-1855: 130, sub O. variegata); "Limone Ped. [Limone Piemonte, Cuneo Province] Sonder!" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Italia tota: ! e montibus Valdensibus [Valadas Vaudenses / Valls Valdeses / Valli Valdesi, Turin Province] ... Genua [Genoa, Genoa Province]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Sardinia / Sardegna / Cerdeńa (Nyman 1881: 558, "Sard. mer.", loc. class. of Orobanche grandiuscula Moris; Beck 1890: 199, "Sardinia (n.v.)", sub O. gracilis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Sa")

Sicily / Sicilia (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. cruenta, "Sicil."; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Si")

Messina: "Auf den Äolischen Inseln [Aeolian Islands / Lipari Islands / Isole Eolie], im April (Lojacono)" (Beck 1930: 288, loc. class. of O. todaroi Lojac. = O. spruneri Lojac.").

Toscana: "in Toscana prope Versitia, Firenze [Florence], Vallombrosa etc." (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Colline livornesi (LI) [Colline Livornesi / Monti Livornesi, Livorno Province], 200 m, mag 2011" (sub O. gracilis, photos by Valerio Lazzeri, pers. comm. [conf. G. Domina et Ó. Sánchez Pedraja]).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol:

South Tyrol / Sudtirolo / Bolzano-Alto Adige / Bozen-Südtirol: "in pratis subalpinis m. Caressa Tyrol. austr. [Caressa Pass, Venetian or Dolomite Alps]" (Grisebach 1844: 55, sub O. gracilis); "Tyrol" (Nyman, 1854-1855: 130, sub O. variegata); "Tyrol" (cf. Nyman, 1854-1855: 130, sub O. condensata); "Heynhold! Bozen [Bolzano], Ober Bozen [Oberbozen / Soprabolzano] ... Bozen von Hausmann!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 92-93, sub O. gracilis); "Austria: Tirolia tota: ... Bozen, Ratzes [Seis am Schlern / Siusi allo Sciliar], Brixen [Bressanone], Schluderbach [Carbonin], Sexten [Sesto]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); "Corvara in Badia, Dolomiti (I), 6-7-1986" (Kreutz 1995: 13 [!], sub O. gracilis).

Trento / Trentino: "Austria: Tirolia tota: ! ex monte Baldo [located in the provinces of Trentino and Verona], Riva [Riva del Garda / Reiff am Gartsee], Valsugana [Suganertal / Valzegu]" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

Veneto

Belluno (BL): Monte Ferro [Alpi Carniche, Sappada] (photos by A. Moro, Universitŕ degli Studi di Trieste, accessed Sep 2011); "Foto: Ladislav Hoskovec, 22. 6. 2005 (Taliansko, Cortina d´Ampezzo)" (Orobanche gracilis in www.botany.cz, accessed Jan 2012); "Comune di Sappada, Cresta del Monte Ferro, BL, Veneto, Italia, 28/06/2008" (picture by Andrea Moro in Moro & al., O. gracilis. Dryades project; accessed Nov 2014).

Treviso: "Treviso" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis); sub "Orobanche variegata by Pino Perino - Villorba (TV)" (www.luirig.altervista.org; accessed Sep 2011).

Verona: "Verona Bracht!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, sub O. gracilis); "Verona" (Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis).

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Liechtenstein (Beck 1930: 281, sub O. gracilis; Pusch 2009: 95, sub O. gracilis)

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Moldova / Moldavia / Moldavie / Moldawien (Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Tzvelev 1981 [2001]: 460, sub O. gracilis)

Bessarabia / Basarabia / Бессарабия / Бессарабія (Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis); "Moldavia: Kodry [Codri / Codru, Strășeni District]" (Tzvelev 1981 [2001]: 460, sub O. gracilis).

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Montenegro / Crna Gora [Black Mountain] / Црна Гора (Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis; Kreutz 1995: 10, sub O. gracilis)

Vasojevići / Васојевићи: "Andrijevica [Андријевица], Montenegro (Yu), 11-7-1987" (Kreutz 1995: 103, sub O. gracilis [!]).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko (Ball 1878: 606, loc. class. of O. tetuanensis; Ball 1878: 604, sub O. reticulata; Beck 1890: 199, sub O. gracilis; Beck 1890: 201, sub O. tetuanensis; Pau 1924: 370-371, sub O. gracilis f. tetuanensis; Beck 1930: 282, sub O. gracilis var. spruneri; Sennen & Mauricio 1933; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 697, sub O. gracilis var. typica; Rumsey & Jury 2002: 591; Pujadas 2007: 205-213, sub O. tetuanensis; Uhlich 2010, sub O. tetuanensis)

Béni Mellal-Khénifra

Béni Mellal Province: 1. "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVII / Université d Alger / 1936 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. pseudo. satyrus / Atlantis Medius: Tizi n. Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra / Ksiba [El Ksiba] ad radices Adenocarpi anagyri- / folii var. leiocarpi [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius var. leiocarpus Maire] solo calcareo 1600 m /. Stigma ex albido luteum corolla flavo- / brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra. nitida 21-6[-1936]". – 2. "Isolectotype / de O. variegata wallr. var. pseudosatyrus / Maire / = Orobanche gracilis Sm. / in Plant Biosystems 147(3): 764. 2013" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04363849 - P 04363849.jpg - hb. Maire - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/11/15/3/P04363849.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/442646118 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/59E2B028CCC54056B2DB11B5F3DA0705; type of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVIII / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata var. satyrus (De Not.) / (integrisepala) / In Quercetis Atlantis Medii ad Tizi-n / Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra Ksiba [El Ksiba] ad radices Adenocarpii / anagyrifolii [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius Coss. & Balansa]. Corolla ochracea ± rubro suffusa intus / stigma luteum, stylus purpureus / 9-4[-1937]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04363848 - P 04363848.jpg - hb. Maire - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/11/15/3/P04363848.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/442626274 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C8CBC8406680424FAF30526531066016; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Orobanche gracilis var. deludens (Beck) A. Pujadas / [32°12'58.7"N 5°27'26.3"W 32.216306, -5.457306, near Tighadouine] / 2014-06-04" (voucher: Chatelain 2783 - FR 70591 - http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de...gracilis_ccc_2119cycha_9575_b112fd.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/2028145413; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2024, sub O. gracilis Sm.).

Drâa-Tafilalet

Ouarzazate Province: "https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209240: Morocco, Ourzazate [Ouarzazate], upper Dades valley, in the vicinity of Tilmi, 2100 m, MS (WU: Staudinger 3217)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 64).

Fčs-Meknčs [Fčs-Boulemane]

Ifrane Province: 1. "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / a Herbario Vadensi distributae / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche variegata Wall. / Loc.: Upper drier slope of the / Oued Ifrane, valley near station / biologique Ifrane (Inet.Cherif) / No: 2520 Die: May 25, 61 [1961-05-25] / ... In mixed cedrus forest ...". – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84259 - AMD 84259.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513064269; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis); 1. idem. – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816585 - L 2816585.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2516599504; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis); 1. idem. – 2. "Orobanche variegata / Det. F.M. Nuller 1982". – 3. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141622 - https://medialib.naturalis.nl/file/id/WAG.1141622/format/large - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2517714057; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis); 1. "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / a Herbario Vadensi distributae / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche gracilis Sm. / ... Col du Zad. alt, 2178 m / No: 2832A Die: 4-6-1961 / ...". – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84277 - AMD 84277.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513063490; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis f. tetuanensis); 1. idem. – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816692 - L 2816692.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2514573300; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis f. tetuanensis); 1. idem. – 2. "Orobanche gracilis / Det. F.M. Nuller 1982". – 3. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141299 - WAG 1141299.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515723602; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis f. tetuanensis).

Sefrou Province: 1. "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum undecimum / 1926 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche sanguinea Presl / var. / Ad radices Calycotomes intermedia D.C. [Calicotome intermedia C. Presl] / prope Sefrou, 1000 m. / caules...". – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Anno  2000 Determinavit. A. Pujadas" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064634 - MPU 064634.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839859 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/181431BCF2444649943F2A80880B6C9A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2022, sub O. gracilis).

Taza Province: "Herbarium C.G.G.J. van Steenis n. 19204 / Orobanche / Frans Marokko. Jbel-Tazzeka, / vanaf Bab-Bou-Idir / Datum: 16 Juni 1954 1980 m / Cederbos / ...". – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816596 - L 2816596.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2516576493; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub O. gracilis f. tetuanensis); 1. "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / a Herbario Vadensi distributae / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche rapum-genistae / ... / Loc.: Jbel-Tazzeka [Tazekka National Park] Bab-Bou-Idir-Taza. / ± 10 km S of the top of the Jbel-Tazzeka / No: 2945A Die: 11-6-1961 / ...". – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513061793 - AMD 84235.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513061793; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, cf. O. rapum-genistae); 1. idem. – 2. "O. gracilis Sm. / Det. Uhlich H." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816695 - L 2816695.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2516576495; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, cf. O. rapum-genistae); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141584 - WAG 1141584.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515903171; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, cf. O. rapum-genistae); "Orobanche gracilis var. deludens (Beck) A. Pujadas / [33°48'37.5"N 4°04'45.4"W 33.810417, -4.079267, Tamtroucht] / 2014-05-29" (voucher: Chatelain 2594 - FR 70589 - http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de...gracilis_ccc_1397cycha_9575_35dd56.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/2028145418; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2024, sub O. gracilis Sm.).

Marrakesh-Safi [Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz]: "Tizi Likemt [Tizi n' Likemt Pass], Toubkal Mountains, at 3.550 m, High Atlas, Morocco" (http://www.treknature.com/gallery/Africa/Morocco/photo265103.htm by Ferran J. Lloret, accessed Sep 2011 [cf. O. rapum-genistae Thuill.]); "Oukaimden [31°12'00.0"N 7°51'36.0"W 31.200000, -7.860000, Al Haouz Province], 22 Jun 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50571313 by meyssoun in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2022, sub O. gracilis f. tetuanensis).

Meknčs-Tafilalet: "Orobanche gracilis Haute-Moulouya Boulojoul 1600 m M. Justin" (http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/images/data/images/Orobanche gracilis....jPG in CJB - African plants database, accessed Oct 2014).

Rabat-Salé-Kénitra [Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaër]

Kénitra Province: 1. "Orobanche / clairierč-friche de la Ft. de la Mamora [Mehdya] / aboundant. / sur Anthyllis hamosa / en venant de Rabat --> Meknčs / avt. le départ de la / friste (pancarte) / --> Sehoul  1  12.IV.1953". – 2. "... Orobanche gracilis Sm. / ... / En Mamora [Mehdya] avant route Sehoul ŕ droite / claire-friche, / sur Anthyllis hamosa ... / Herbier de M. Paul Jovet. Plantes du Maroc / 12.IV.1953" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p01089871 - P 01089871.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3923948411; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2022, sub O. foetida).

Souss-Massa [Souss-Massa-Draâ]

Agadir-Ida Ou Tanane Prefecture: 1. "Dr R. Maire - Iter Maroccanum XXII / 1932 / Orobanche foetida Poiret / var. subgracilis Maire / In ditione Ida-ou-Tanan [Ida Outanane / Idawtanan / Id-aw-Tanan]: ad radices Adeno- / carpi artemisiifolii Jah., Maire et Weiller [Adenocarpus artemisiifolius Jahand., Maire & Weiller (1931)] / 1300 m. / stigma luteum, corolla ochracea rubro- / fusco venosa, intus partim rubra. / die 19 m