Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 9 October 2023


Accepted Name:

Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz in Flora 28(47): 739 (1845 [21 Dec 1845]) ["Orobanche Grenieri (F. Schultz Orob. gen. monogr. mspt.)"] (Schultz 1845: 739; Schultz 1846: 96-97; Reichenbach 1860: 107, "O. Grenierii F. Schultz, Flora 1845. p. 739)" (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 60.8)

Synonyms:

Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche virginis Gareiso, Syn. Anal. Fl. Gard: 199 (1847) ["(Orobanche) 2 ... Virginis. de la Vierge. (1 [type locality and description])"]. Ind. loc.: France: "j'ai trovée en quantité dans l'enclos de la chapelle de N.-D.-de-Rochefort (Gard [Languedoc-Roussillon]) ... je lui donne le nom d' orobanche de la Vierge, en souvenir du lui où je l'ai trouvée. ... plante parasite du prénanthe osier [Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl]" (James Molina, pers. comm., 5 Jan 2010 [«Notre Dame du Gard / Notre Dame des Grâces» near Rochefort (a little bit northeast of Rochefort-du-Gard]; MPU - Bernardin Martin; Grenier, 1853: 642, "du Lactuca viminea Link (Garreizo)"; Pouzolz, 1862). Obs. "Abbé J. G. [Joseph Gareiso]". Herbarium Specimens: "Type:—France (lectotype here designated): Notre Dame du Gard, near Rochefort (MPU - Bernardin Martin! [James Molina, pers. comm., 5 Jan 2010])" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 53). 1. "Orobanche Virginis / Nîmes et Rochefort [Rochefort-du-Gard, Arrondissement de Nîmes, N 43° 58' 0'' E 4° 41' 0''] (Gard) / je ... ai pas trouve de nouvelle / cette année près Nîmes / et je ... pa aller à Rochefort / Gareiso 1849". – 2. "Orobanche cernua L. / ex Reuter" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419161 - P 04419161.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419161.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465035158 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C98D4A2F46EE4172A39B02ECB087B809; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2012).

= Orobanche lactucae Arvet-Touvet in Ess. Pl. Dauph.: 54 (1871). Ind. loc.: France: "Hab. In radicibus lactucae perennis parasitica: Briançon [Hautes-Alpes] autour des forts (l'abbé Faure) (n.)" (Arvet-Touvet 1871: 55). Ic.: a, habit [on Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl (Compositae [Asteraceae]), loc. class.]

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche caerulescens sensu Pouzolz, Fl. Gard (1862), non Orobanche coerulescens Stephan in Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 349 (1800)

Orobanche cernua auct. plur. [saltem p.p.], non Orobanche cernua L. in Loefl., Iter Hispan.: 152 (1758) (e.g., Grenier 1853: 642; Saint-Lager 1883: 612; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 74[94-95])

Orobanche solmsii auct. [saltem p.p.], non Orobanche solmsii C.B. Clarke ex Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 4: 325 (1884 [Jan 1884]) (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 76-77[98], sub O. solmsii). Obs. "Parasitic on composites; reported on Lactuca tatarica L."

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Ind. loc.: France: "Patria. Prope Gap, Delphinatus [Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur], in radice Cichoriacearum! (Lactuca perennis ?)" (Schultz 1845: 739). "In radice plantae e cichoriacearum ordine (nondum-floret; sed foliara radicalia Lactuca perennis [Compositae] habel) prope Gap, Delphinatus" (Schultz 1846: 97).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Type:—France (lectotype here designated): vignes de remdlon près Gap [Hautes-Alpes], juim 1844, leg. B. Blanc (P-04419157! [ex herb. Grenier])".

Designated by: Piwowarczyk & al. in Phytotaxa 386(1): 53 (2019).

Host: Parasitic exclusively on Lactuca species [mainly on Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl] (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

Lactuca L. Azerbaijan (Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, 457 f. 2, sub O. grenieri); Italy (Carlón & al. 2005-2016, sub O. grenieri; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, 457 f. 2, sub O. grenieri).

Lactuca perennis L. France (Schultz 1845: 739; Schultz 1846: 97; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 55).

Lactuca serriola L. [unconfirmed]. Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 0723462.jpg; MW 0723463.jpg; MW 0723464.jpg).

Lactuca takhtadzhianii Sosn. [≡ Cephalorrhynchus takhtadzhianii (Sosn.) Kirp.]. Armenia (Rätzel & al. 2017: 92, 93 f. 1, sub O. grenieri).

Lactuca tatarica (L.) C. A. Mey. [≡ Sonchus tataricus L.]. Russia, Volgograd Oblast (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/464823.html by Дмитрий Бочков [Dmitriy Bochkov] 2016; Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri).

Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl [≡ Prenanthes viminea L.; ≡ Scariola viminea (L.) F.W. Schmidt; incl. Prenanthes ramosissima All.]. France (J.M. Tison, Jul 1992); Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 413; Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri); Krim (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958: 74[95], sub O. cernua; MW 0626310.jpg; http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/240324.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2014); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 0723902.jpg; Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri); Spain (herb. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 11918; Carlón & al. 2005: 29, 31 f.1, 35 t. 12, sub O. grenieri); Turkey (Carlón & al. 2005-2016, sub O. grenieri; Rabaute & al. 2007, sub O. grenieri; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, sub O. grenieri).

Lactuca viminea subsp. chondrilliflora (Boreau) St.-Lag. [≡ Lactuca chondrilliflora Boreau]. France (Martin 1877 (MPU-Bernardin Martin)).

Tragopogon L.

Tragopogon graminifolius DC. Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri).

Comments:

Historical observations: "Grenier sandte mir auch eine Orobanche zum Benennen, welche ich als neu erkannte und beschrieb, wie folgt: … Nomen dedi in honorem amicissimi G. Grenier, Med. doct. et Bot. prof., cujus benevolentiae plantam siccam debeo." (Schultz 1845: 739). "Orobanche grenieri has for a long time been interpreted as a synonym of O. cernua Loefl. [L.], until Carlón & al. (2005: 29) showed its discreteness" (Rätzel & al. 2015: 456).

Taxonomic observation: "From the newly included species of Orobanche [Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3], only O. grenieri groups in the clade, in which it would have been expected to fall based on traditional taxonomic and as such morphology based treatments. Orobanche grenieri groups with other accessions of O. cernua s.l., but while different races of O. cernua from a wide geographical area (from Spain to Australia) have nearly identical ITS sequences, that of O. grenieri is unexpectedly pronouncedly different. Together with the clear morphological distinctness the recognition of O. grenieri on the specific level is strongly supported. This is in stark contrast to the nearly complete lack of differentiation on the sequence level among taxa traditionally recognized as separate, most importantly O. cumana. Further in-depth studies of this complex are obviously needed." (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 29-31 f. 1, 32 t. 9, 35 t. 12, 57, 59, 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 62, 64. 2005).

Chromosomatic number: 2n = 38 [?] ([O. cernua s.l.] Palomeque & Sañudo 1981; Schneeweiss & al. 2004).

Ic.: a, inflorescences (Mizoën, France); b, flowers (ib.); c, habit (Las Heras, Spain); d, flowers (ib.); e, flower, in partial long-section (ib.); f, opened corolla showing stamens (ib.); g, MPU (sub O. Virginis Nob., Courbessac, France); h, Azerbaijan (Rätzel & al. 2015: 457 f. 2); i, Armenia (Rätzel & al. 2017: 93 f. 1); j, Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 41 f. 24, sub O. grenieri).

Distribution:

General distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, France, Georgia, Iran, Italy, Krim, Kazakhstan?, Kyrgyzstan?, Pakistan?, Russia, Spain, Tajikistan, Turkey (Schultz 1845: 739, sub O. grenieri; Gareiso 1847: 199, sub O. virginis; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 54, sub O. lactucae; Carlón & al. 2005: 29-31 f. 1, 32 t. 9, 35 t. 12, 57, 59, 61 f. 4, 62, 64, sub O. grenieri; Rabaute & al. 2007, sub O. grenieri; Crouzet & al. 2009: 60, sub O. grenieri; Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 412, f. 1; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, 457 f. 2; Rätzel & al. 2017: 92, 93 f. 1; Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri; Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri).

European distribution: France, Georgia, Italy, Krim, Russia and Spain.

Iberian Peninsula distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения [former Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic [Armenian SSR] / Армянская Советская Социалистическая Республика] (Rätzel & al. 2017: 92, 93 f. 1, sub O. grenieri)

Ararat Marz: "Armenia: Ararat Marz, near road from Garni to Nubarashen, little pass c. 1 km N of Azat Reservoir, 40°05'24"N, 48°37'10"E, c. 1200 m, semi-desert, moving clay, open soil with very sparse vegetation cover, parasitic on Lactuca takhtadzhianii Sosn. (root attachment verified, matrix nova), 10 Jul 2013, Gabrielian & al. 2013-24 (B 10 0576237 [https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=1644583 - http://herbarium.bgbm.org/object/B100576237 - B 10 0576237.jpg], ERE)" (Rätzel & al. 2017: 92, 93 f. 1, sub O. grenieri).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaïdjan [former Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic [Azerbaijan SSR] / Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Азербайджанская CCP] (Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, 457 f. 2, sub O. grenieri)

Baku Economic Region / Bakı iqtisadi rayonu / Бакинский экономический район

Baku / Bakı / Баку: 1. "Флора Апшеронского полуострова / Orobanche cernua Loefl. / Азербайджан, Апшеронский п-ов [Azerbaijan, Apsheronsky Peninsula / Absheron Peninsula / Abşeron yarımadası], окрестности / пос. Зиря [Zyra]‚ примерно в 3-х км к югу, опустыненные / холмы вдоль солончака Шурезар. / Nº 8004 30 апреля [April] 2013 г. / [Leg.] А.С. Зернов, Ш.Н. Мирзоева [A.S. Zernov, Sh.N. Mirzoyev]". – 2. "... Orobanche grenieri F.W.Schultz / A.V. Fateryga, 2.11.2018 / ..." (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723443 - https...MW0723443/img/0.jpg?original=1717f880-1a26-4ead-ac15-7384942dcf9a - MW 0723443.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1697840916; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018 [cf.]).

Lankaran-Astara Economic Region / Lənkəran-Astara iqtisadi rayonu / Ленкорань-Астаринский экономический район

Lerik District / Lerik rayonu / Лерикский район: "Azerbaijan: Talysh, NE side (near the border to Iran), near Şonaçola [Shonadzhola] (S of Lerik), 38°41′01.3″N, 48°22′45.5″E (WGS 84), c. 1410 m, Artemisiasteppe on little hills, S of the small stream Konjavuçay, in open and sunny place, in loose siliceous grit, parasitic on perennial Lactuca species (root attachment verified), 27 May 2013, Rätzel, Ristow & al. (herb. Rätzel)" (Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, 457 f. 2).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Schultz 1845: 739, loc. class. of O. grenieri; Schultz 1846: 97, loc. class. of O. grenieri; Gareiso 1847: 199, loc. class. of O. virginis; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 55, loc. class. of O. lactucae; Carlón & al. 2005: 31, 32 t. 9, sub O. grenieri; Crouzet & al. 2009: 60, sub O. grenieri; Tison & al. 2014: 1444, 1951 photo 4, sub O. grenieri)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne - Rhône-Alpes]

Ardèche (07): "Orobanche cernua Loef. / Sur le Côtés [?] à St. Martin / d'Ardèche [Saint-Martin-d'Ardèche, N 44° 18' 0'' E 4° 35' 0'', Arrondissement de Privas] (Ardèche) / Parasite du Lactuca chondrilliflora / Juin 1877  Martin" (MPU - Bernardin Martin, rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007); "Photo n° 197601 / Orobanche cernua Loefl. / Dét.: Marie Portas / Saint-Andéol-de-Berg (07) / Auteur Marie Portas / Date d'observation 26.05.2013" (Tela Botanica, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2015); "Bois de Païolive, hautes Cévennes [Massif central], Ardèche sud, mai 2017" (https://www.visoflora.com/images/original/orobanche-crenata-visoflora-113255.jpg, 113256, 113257 and 113258 by charlie07, sub O. crenata, in Visoflora; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017 [they correspond to O. grenieri]).

Isère (38): Arrondissement de Grenoble, near Mizoën, 31TGK7492, 1130 m, sobre (!) Lactuca viminea, J.M. Tison, Jul 1992, Sep 1996 and 16 Jun 2004 [09/96 (photo 1), 07/92 (photo 2), 06/04 (photos 1-8)!]; Arrondissement de Grenoble, near Mizoën, 31TGK7492, 1130 m, on (!) Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl [s.l.], slate slopes of the road, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0148/2004, 19 Jun 2004 (JBAG - Laínz et herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11928) (Carlón & al. 2005: 31, 32 t. 9)"; "La flore de l'Isère..." (photos by Frédéric Laurent in floreal, sub O. grenieri, accessed Feb 2014); "Isère - France le 15/06/2013 sur Lactuca sp." (photos by J.M. Moingeon in Pharmanatur, sub O. grenieri, accessed Feb 2014).

Occitanie / Occitània / Occitània [Languedoc-Roussillon - Midi-Pyrénées] (Michaud & Molina, pers. comm., 5 Jan 2010)

Gard (30): 1. "orobanche / virginis / Gareiso / n. d. de Rochefort [Rochefort-du-Gard, 43°58'30.0"N 4°41'26.9"E, Arrondissement de Nîmes]". 2. "Orobanche Virginis Nob. / Orobanche de la Vierge / Rochefort - Courbessac [Courbessac, N 43° 52' 0'' E 4° 24' 0']" (MPU, rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007 [James Molina, pers. comm., 5 Jan 2010]; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 53, lectotype of O. virginis) (Gareiso 1847: 199; Grenier 1853: 642 ["du Lactuca viminea Link (Garreizo [Gareiso])"]; Pouzolz 1862; Saint-Lager 1883: 612, "Parasite sur les racines des ... Lactuca viminea ... Gard: ... Rochefort); "Orobanche cernua Loef. / Orobanche virginis. / Gar. [Gareiso] / Donné par m. Gareiso 1850 [«donné par M. Gareiso, 1850» James Molina, pers. comm., 5 Jan 2010] (MPU - Bernardin Martin, rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007); 1. "Orobanche Virginis / Nîmes et Rochefort [Rochefort-du-Gard, Arrondissement de Nîmes, N 43° 58' 0'' E 4° 41' 0''] (Gard) / je ... ai pas trouve de nouvelle / cette année près Nîmes / et je ... pa aller à Rochefort / Gareiso 1849". – 2. "Orobanche cernua L. / ex Reuter" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419161 - P 04419161.jpg - hb. Grenier - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419161.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465035158 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C98D4A2F46EE4172A39B02ECB087B809; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2012); "APCVdeLédenon ... Orobanche penchée (Orobanche cernua) [3422574295, 2654501232]"; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2014; "30" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri); "Villeneuve-lès-Avignon [43°58'41.2"N 4°48'22.4"E 43.978120, 4.806226], 29 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/158285778 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4103284940 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/jltasset in iNaturalist; accessed Oct 2023).

Hérault (34): "34" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenèus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "(66)" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri).

N. B. new unpublished record for Languedoc-Roussillon: H. Michaud, 2 Jan 2010 (pers. comm., 5 Jan 2010) [in press].

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (O. grenieri in Plantun de Prouvènço; accessed Jul 2017)

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): Montjustin / sur Lactuca / Amat, r. (C. 2825, F. 3308), s.n., 23/06/1985 (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mhnaix/collection/aix/item/aix010731 - AIX 010731.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/667741325).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "06" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri).

Bouches-du-Rhône (13): "a été observée à Gémenos [N 43° 18' 0'' E 5° 38' 0'', Arrondissement de Marseille] (col de l’Espigoulier), Allauch [N 43° 20' 0'' E 5° 29' 0'', Arrondissement de Marseille] (château de Ners) et Orgon [Arrondissement d'Arles, N 43° 47' 0'' E 5° 2' 0''] (N. Crouzet, H. Michaud, Y. Morvant). C’est à cette plante qu’il faut rattacher la donnée d’O. cernua du vallon de Saint-Clair à Gémenos (H. Roux 1/06/1862 in herb.)" (Crouzet & al. 2009: 60, sub O. grenieri); "13" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri).

Hautes-Alpes (05) 1. "orobanche Genierii / vignes de remdlon près Gap / juim / B. Blanc 1844". – 2. "Orobanche cernua L. Reut. in DC. prod. / je crois toujours que c'est une état plus jeune de l cernua! le tube de la corolle se courbe en viellissant!". – 3. "... / Orobanche Genierii Schultz / ..." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419157 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419157 - P 04419157.jpg - hb. Grenier - https://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/14413592578809bweSxZUUTNq579O - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/2/P04419157.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464964078 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/DC9449A7F6A64B269CE4E82752D0F7C1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [on Lactuca], lectotype of O. grenieri); "In radice plantae e cichoriacearum ordine (nondum-floret; sed foliara radicalia Lactuca perennis [Compositae] habel) prope Gap, Delphinatus" (Schultz 1845: 739, loc. class. of O. grenieri); "prope Gap (1) h. Jordan!" (Reuter 1847: 32, sub O. cernua); "Gap! (Blanc)" (Grenier 1853: 642, sub O. cernua Loefl.); "Hab. In radicibus lactucae perennis parasitica: Briançon autour des forts (l'abbé Faure) (n.)." (Arvet-Touvet 1871: 55, loc. class. of  O. lactucae); "... Lactuca, etc. ... Indiqué a Gap par Godron (l.c., p. 642), d'après Blanc: à retrouver" (Rouy 1909: 167); "7.670 / Orobanchées. / Orobanche cernua Loefling / 17 juillet 1966 / Forteresse de Briançon / (Citadelle) - H.tes Alpes - alt.: 1300 m" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00598662 - P 00598662.jpg - Henri Bouby - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/02/1/P00598662.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439580994 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B0208D4112D34AD0B451B2EA69A3A9DF; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Très peu d'observations: Brianconnais, noté par M. Bournerias (1988) au Monétier-les-Bains (alt. 1560 m) et cité par J. Pons (1922) près Briançon, indique "à Gap" par Breistroffer (1953): Orobanche lactucae..." (Chas 1994, sub O. cernua); Arrondissement de Briançon, Fort du Château, 32TLQ1474, 1270 m, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 18 June 2004 (obs. [two specimens]) (Carlón & al. 2005: 29, sub O. grenieri); "la Saulce ... 7 Juin 2012" (http://www.flickr.com/photos/20979444@N04/7165938967/sizes/h/in/set-72157627090983147, sub O. rapum-genistae, by Jacqdesalpes in "Orobanchaceae" (flickr); accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [they correspond to O. grenieri]).

Var (83): "83" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri); Var, [43°14'48.7"N 5°43'21.9"E, Le Castellet], 15 May 2021 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78846957 by Ben Costamagna in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on cf. Lactuca viminea (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl]).

Vaucluse (84): "84" (Tison & al. 2014: 1444, sub O. grenieri); Tête des Mines [44°09'55.7"N 5°10'40.5"E, Beaumont-du-Ventoux], 14 Jun 2021 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/105109810 by hyla_21 in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия (former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic [Georgian SSR] / Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Грузинская ССР]) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 413, sub O. grenieri; Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri)

Mtskheta-Mtianeti / Мцхета-Мтианети (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri).

Samtskhe-Javakheti / Самцхе-Джавахети (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 40, sub O. grenieri): "district: Kortaneti (ca 8 km NE Borjomi), a rocky slope above an asphalt road, 780-790 m a.s.l., 31 May 2014" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 413, f. 2 ["Parasite connected with host Lactuca cf. viminea" (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/browser/api/embl/KU238876 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3351020813)], sub O. grenieri).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Carlón & al. 2005-2016, sub O. grenieri; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, 457 f. 2, sub O. grenieri)

Liguria

Savona (SV): "Toirano (SV), aprile 2008" (photos 115552 [Orobanche_minor_d0c5472e.jpg], 3728 [host-plant (Lactuca sp. [cf. Lactuca viminea (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl]) at lower right corner], 3731 di Renzo Salvo, sub O. minor, in Acta Plantarum et in Flora Italiana (luirig.altervista.org); accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014 [these photos seem to correspond to a species of Series Cernuae, it is probably the O. grenieri]) (Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, sub O. grenieri); "Orobanchaceae: Succiamele di Grenier / Toirano (SV), 50 m, mar 2008 / Foto di Renzo Salvo" (http://www.actaplantarum.org/galleria_flora/galleria1.php?aid=6130 [12682] by Renzo Salvo in Acta Plantarum; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016).

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Iran / Irán / Иран [Persia]

Fars province: "Fars [28°24'17.0"N 55°11'23.0"E 28.404722, 55.189722, Forg, near Rostaq (Darab County)], 17 Apr 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/67715471 by Paul G. Schrijvershof in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on Lactuca sp.]); "Fars [Ma'dan, 29°14'06.0"N 54°37'51.0"E 29.235000, 54.630833, near Hasanabad] 19 Apr 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/67714334 by Paul G. Schrijvershof in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on Lactuca sp.]).

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Israel and Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palaestina]

Central District / מְחוֹז הַמֶּרְכָּז: "חוף געש, ישראל [32°13'41.5"N 34°49'08.8"E , near Ga'ash]", 13 Feb 2010 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/81525117 by שמואל [shmuelabinun] in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2022 [O. cernua]).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán / 哈萨克斯坦 [unconfirmed]

Atyrau Region / Аtyrau Oblysy / Атырауская область [former Guryev Region / Гурьевская область]

Zhylyoi District / Жылыой ауданы / Жылыойский район: "Жылыойский район [47°20'18.8"N 54°22'24.5"E 47.338563, 54.373468], 2 Jun 2017" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/121600332 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/ivanprst [Иван Пристрем / Ivan Pristrem]; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2023, sub O. amoena C.A. Mey.).

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Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан / Киргизстан / Kirguistán / Kirgisistan / Kirgiziya [need to be confirmed]

"Часть соцветия. Кыргызстан, Алайский хр., северный макросклон, басс. р. Исфайрамсай, урочище Шамбесай, паразитирует на Cousinia polycephala. 20 июня 2012 г." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/445126.html and http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/445125.html by Георгий Лазьков [Georgii Lazkov] 2016; растение определил(а) Холгер Улих [H. Uhlich], sub O. hansii A. Kerner, in Plantarium; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016 et Nov 2017 [these photos seem to correspond to a species of Series Cernuae, it could be a specimen of O. hansii sensu Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 76[71] on Cousinia Cass.).

Batken Region / Баткен облусу: "Lactuca tatarica L. ... mountainnous Turkemia [Turkestan Range], Pamiro-Alai [Pamir-Alay / Памиро-Алай]" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 82[77], sub O. solmsii).

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Pakistan / Pakistán / Paquistán [needs to be confirmed] (Jafri, O. cernua [s.l.] in Flora of Pakistan Online - efloras.org; accessed Feb 2017)

Gilgit-Baltistan: "B-8 Baltistan: ... Baltistan: Kasurnik to Doghani, 3000 m, 16.8.40, parasitic on Lactuca sp., flowers blue, R.R. Stewart 20624 (RAW)" (Jafri, O. cernua in Flora of Pakistan Online - efloras.org; accessed Feb 2017).

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Russia / Rusia / Россия (O. grenieri in Plantarium; accessed Jul 2017; Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri)

Southern Federal District / Южный федеральный округ

Volgograd Oblast / Волгоградская область: "Верхняя часть соцветия (паразитирует на Lactuca tatarica). Волгоградская обл. [Volgograd Oblast], Иловлинский р-н [Ilovlinsky District], залежь. 22.06.2016" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/464822.html, 464823 and http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/464824.html - https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/20389376 by Дмитрий Бочков [Dmitry Bochkov] 2016; растение определил(а) Михаил Князев [Mikhail Knyazev] in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016 [Orobanche solmsii auct.] and iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022); "Volgograd province, Ilovlya district, 49°06′25.9″N, 44°07′17.1″E, 85 m, fallow land, parasitic on Lactuca tatarica (L.) C. A. Mey., 22 Jun 2016, D. Bochkov (photo)." (Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri).

Krasnodar Krai / Краснодарский край / Kuban: "... / Orobanche cumana Wallr. / Краснодарский край [Krasnodar Territory], Адлерский район [Adlersky City District / Адлерский внутригородской район] / левый берег р. Мзымта [Mzymta] ниже пос. Монастырь / (Красная Скала) [(Krasnyy Gostagay), Anapsky District / Анапский район] / буковый самшитовый лес ниже устья Глубокого [mouth of Glubokoe] ... / Собр. А. Серёгин, Л. Ашуркова, З. Винокурова [Coll. A. Seregin et al.] / 12.09.2008. N.º C-1079" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723461 - MW 0723461.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. hederae]); "... Orobanche cernua Loefl. subsp. cumana (Wallr.) Soó / Краснодарский край [Krasnodar Krai] / Приморско-Ахтарский р-н. [Primorsko-Akhtarsky District] / Берег Азовского моря в 2 км зап. хут. Бородинский [Coast of the Sea of Azov within 2 km Borodinskiy Khutor] / Край пшеничного поля / Собр. [Coll.] А. Щербаков [A. Shcherbakov], М. Скрипникова [M. Skripnikova] , 25.06.1993" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723462 - MW 0723462.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018 [apparently on Lactuca serriola L. (see O. grenieri)]); ibidem (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723463 - MW 0723463.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018 [apparently on Lactuca serriola L. (see O. grenieri)]); ibidem (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723464 - MW 0723464.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018 [apparently on Lactuca serriola L. (see O. grenieri)]); 1. "... / Orobanche cumana Wallr. / Краснодарский край [Krasnodar Territory], Анапский район [Anapa district], 1 км к северо-востоку от пос. Малый Утриш [Malyi Utrish], Лысая гора [Mt Lysaya]. Щебнистая опыпь 2.06.2016. Соl.: Кожин М.Н. [Kozhin M.N.] / № Kr-1615 Det.: Кожин М. Н. [Kozhin M.N.]". – 2. "... Orobanche grenieri F.W.Schultz / A.V. Fateryga, 2.11.2018 / ..." (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723902 - https...MW0723902/img/0.jpg?original=5092dcb8-3e0f-4baf-8eef-146cc6a02d4f - MW 0723902.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2022); "Цветущее растение (паразитирует на Scariola viminea). Краснодарский край, п-ов Абрау [Abrau], гора Солдатская, между пос. Сукко и мысом Большой Утриш [Big Utrish], осыпной склон. 21.05.2016" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/514260.html and http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/514259.html by Антон Попович [Anton Popovich] 2017; растение определил(а) Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] in Plantarium; accessed Jul 2017); "г. Новороссийск [Gorod Novorossiysk, 44°42'07.3"N 37°28'37.2"E, near Malyi Utrish / Малый Утриш]", 25 May 2016 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/60436736 by Наталья Гамова [Natalia Gamova]; "Соцветие. Краснодарский край [Krasnodar Krai], м/о город-курорт Анапа [Anapa], окр. с. Большой Утриш [Big Utrish], каменистая осыпь в можжевеловом лесу (паразитирует на Lactuca viminea). 9 июня 2017 г." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/515768.html, 515769 and http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/515771.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2017 in Plantarium; accessed Jul 2017); "Krasnodar territory, Anapa district [Анапский район], between Sukko and Cape Bolshoy Utrish, Mt Soldatskaya, 44°46′22.0″N, 37°23′09.7″E, 65 m, gravelly SE slope, parasitic on Lactuca viminea (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl, 21 May 2016, A.V. Popovich (MW [https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1003790 - https...MW1003790/img/0.jpg?original=1717f880-1a26-4ead-ac15-7384942dcf9a - MW 1003790.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1801084113); ibid., 1 km NE of Malyy Utrish, Mt Lysaya, 44°42′47.5″N, 37°28′08.8″E, 240 m, rocky scree, 2 Jun 2016, M.N. Kozhin [https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723902 - MW 0723902.jpg]; ibid., vicinity of Bolshoy Utrish, 44°46′14.7″N, 37°23′21.0″E, 130 m, rocky scree in juniper forest, parasitic on Lactuca viminea (root attachment verified), 9 Jun 2017, A.V. Fateryga (MW [https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1005113 - https...MW1005113/img/0.jpg?original=1717f880-1a26-4ead-ac15-7384942dcf9a - MW 1005113.jpg]); ibid., Novorossiysk district, Abrau peninsula, mouth of Mokraya gorge, 44°41′25.8″N, 37°30′39.1″E, 25 m, rocky scree, parasitic on Lactuca viminea, 27 May 2016, A.V. Popovich (photo)." (Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri); "Выкопанное растение с питающим его Lactuca tatarica. Краснодарский край [Krasnodar Krai], окр. г. Новороссийск [Novorossiysk], Маркотхский хр. [Markotkhsky Ridge], гора Сахарная Голова [Gora Sakharnaya Golova], нижняя часть южного отрога, можжевеловое редколесье на серых сильно карбонатных почвах с обломками известняка и мергеля, подстилаемыми гидротермально проработанными верхнемеловыми отложениями. 12.05.2018" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/571920.html, https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/571919.html, https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/571918.html by Анна Малыхина [Anna Malykhina] 2018; таксон определил(а) Антон Попович.[Anton Popovich] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2022); "Зацветающее растение (паразитирует на Lactuca viminea). Краснодарский край, м/о город-курорт Анапа [Anapa], окр. с. Большой Утриш [Big Utrish], каменистая осыпь в можжевеловом лесу. 12 мая 2019 г." (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/613029.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2019 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2022).

Krim / Crimea / Крымский полуостров / Кримський півострів / Tauria / Tauris / Ταυρική [Autonomous Republic of Crimea / Автономная Республика Крым - Республика Крым / Republic of Crimea] (formerly Crimean ASSR / Крымская АССР) [see Ukraine / Russia]

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Carlón & al. 2005: 29, 31 f.1, 35 t. 12, sub O. grenieri; Alejandre & al. 2016: 56, sub O. grenieri)

Castilla-León / Castile and León

Burgos (Bu): "30TVN4139, Valle de Sedano, al N de Pesquera de Ebro sobre la carretera a Cubillo de Butrón, 660 m, en rellano pedregoso calizo soleado muy pocos tallitos, muy secos, en un concreto punto; cerca había un ejemplar, asimismo muy agostado, de lo que semejaba Lactuca sp., 6-IX-2014, J.A. Alejandre & G. Moreno Moral (ALEJ 1119/14). Ibíd., parásita de Lactuca sp., en talud pedregoso y terroso calizo soleado, 14-VI-2015, G. Moreno Moral (MM0054/2015, herb. Sánchez Pedraja s/n. & ALEJ 839/15)" (Alejandre & al. 2016: 56, sub O. grenieri).

Palencia (P): municipality of Santibáñez de la Peña, near Las Heras de la Peña village, 30TUN5839, 1100 m, parasitic on (!) Lactuca viminea [s.l.], in a very sunny place on rocky limestone soils, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0139/2004, 7 June 2004 (herb. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 11918) (Carlón & al. 2005: 29, 31 f.1, 35 t. 12, sub O. grenieri; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KP641334 (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 413, sub O. grenieri).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 414, sub O. grenieri; Nowak & al. 2020: 520, "1275", sub O. grenieri)

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region / Вилояти Мухтори Кӯҳистони Бадахшон / Горно-Бадахшанская автономная область: "Badakhsan, near rhe Shakdara River. Rostkala area [Roshtqal'a District / Nohiya-i Roshtqal'a / Ноҳияи Роштқалъа] on Lactuca, 22 June 1996, R. Kamelin (LE)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 414, f. 3, sub O. grenieri).

Sughd Region / Вилояти Суғд [unconfirmed]: "mountainnous Turkemia [Turkestan Range, Ferghana Valley?], Pamiro-Alai [Pamir-Alay / Памиро-Алай]" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 76-77[98], sub O. solmsii).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía / Турция (Carlón & al. 2005-2016, sub O. grenieri; Rabaute & al. 2007, sub O. grenieri; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, sub O. grenieri)

Central Anatolia Region / İç Anadolu Bölgesi

Yozgat Province / Yozgat ili: 10 km east to Yerkoy, direction to Karacaahmelti. 559 m, parasitic on Lactuca viminea (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl, 19 May 2004, leg. P. Coulot, det. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 25 Nov 2008 (Hb. P. Coulot, photo by P. Coulot); "Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz - Yozgat, 19 mai 2004 (Orobanchaceae)" (photos 5659176152941243810 et 5659175982623863890 in Digital flora of Turkey by Philippe Rabaute, Pierre Coulot & Henri Michaud. Voyage botanique Turquie 2007 (accessed Feb 2013); idem (Coulot & Rabaute, Digital flora of Turkey).

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Ukraine / Ucrania / Україна / Украина

Donetsk Oblast / Донецька область: "Богородичне [Bohorodychne, 49°00'45.5"N 37°29'34.2"E], Донецька область, Україна, 84136", 17 Ago 2004 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/59634586 by Vasyliuk Oleksij in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on Artemisia sp., cf. O. cumana]).

Krim / Crimea / Крымский полуостров / Кримський півострів / Tauria / Tauris / Ταυρική [Autonomous Republic of Crimea / Автономная Республика Крым - Республика Крым / Republic of Crimea] (formerly Crimean ASSR / Крымская АССР) [see Ukraine / Russia] (Carlón & al. 2005-2016, sub O. grenieri; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, sub O. grenieri; O. grenieri in Plantarium; accessed Jul 2017)

Feodosia City Municipality / Феодосийский горсовет: 1. "Orobanche cernua Loefl. / на Lactuca (Scariola) viminea / Восточный Крым [East Crimea]. Окрестности Морского. Приморский [Prymorskyi] сланцевый склон западнее посёлка 19.05.1988. Собр. Н. Шведчикова [Coll. N. Shvedchikova]". – 2. "... Orobanche grenieri F.W.Schultz / A.V. Fateryga, 2.11.2018 / ..." (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0626310 - https...MW0626310/img/0.jpg?original=1717f880-1a26-4ead-ac15-7384942dcf9a - MW 0626310.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1697745550; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018); "Растения, паразитирующие на Lactuca viminea [host]. Крым, Карадагский заповедник [Karadag Nature Reserve, 44°56'10.0"N 35°14'00.0"E], сухой приморский склон. 10 мая 2013 [10 May 2013] г. / Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2013; растение определил(а) Михаил Князев [Mikhail Knyazev]" in Plantarium, sub O. cernua; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2014 [these photos (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/185945.html, 185944, 185943) seem to correspond to a species of Series Cernuae, it is probably the O. grenieri]).

Sevastopol / Sebastopol / Севастополь / Акъяр: "Orobanche grenieri F.W.Schultz / 44°29'49.9"N 33°36'10.1"E 44.497200, 33.602800 / Крым, г. Балаклава [Balaklava] / каменистый склон у тропы к крепости Чемболо, грабинниково-можжевеловое редколесье, в тени грабинника. Atlas Florae Europaeae: 36TWQ2-42. Высота 90 м над ур. моря 17.08.2008. Собр. А. Серегин [A. Seregin], № T-1166 Опр. A.V. Fateryga, 2.11.2018" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0626312 - MW 0626312.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1697745565; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2023); "Балаклавський район [Balaklava district, 44°29'29.7"N 33°36'41.8"E], Севастополь [Sevastopol], 9 May 2010" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/102954330 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3456535280 by Yuri Bengus in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on Lactuca viminea]); "Часть соцветия. Крым, Балаклава [Balaklava (Sevastopol / Севастополь)], гора Кефало-Вриси. 24.05.2016" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/451545.html, 451546 by Людмила Саплицкая [Lyudmila Saplitskaya], 2016; растение определил(а) Holger Uhlich; in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016); "Балаклавский район [Balaklava District, 44°29'23.0"N 33°37'05.0"E, Solnechnaya Tropa], 24 May 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/106073105 by Katerina Kashirina in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022).

Sudak City Municipality / Судацька міськрада / Судакский горсовет: 1. "Orobanche cernua Loefl. / Восточный Крым. [East Crimea] / Окрестности Судака [Surroundings of Sudak]. / На приморских сланцевых обрывах. / 29 май [05] 1977. Собр. Н. Шведчикова [N. Shvedchikova]". – 2. "... Orobanche grenieri F.W.Schultz / A.V. Fateryga, 2.11.2018 / ..." (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0626309 - https...MW0626309/img/0.jpg?original=1717f880-1a26-4ead-ac15-7384942dcf9a - MW 0626309.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1697745621; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2018 [on Lactuca viminea]); Sudats'ka city council [44°55'36.9"N 35°05'07.6"E], 1 Jun 2021 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/106483401 by Вадим [vadim66] in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on Lactuca viminea], very illustrative photographs!); Sudats'ka city council [44°53'00.9"N 34°51'50.9"E], 6 Jun 2021 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/106666744 by Вадим [vadim66] in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022).

Yalta City Municipality / Ялтинский городской совет / Ялтинська міська рада / Yalta şeer şurası / Ялта шеэр шурасы: "Цветущее растение. Крым, Ялта [Crimea, Yalta], Грузпорт [Gruzport, 44°30'05.0"N 34°12'07.0"E], каменистая осыпь (паразитирует на Lactuca viminea [host]). 27 мая 2014 [27 May 2014] г. / Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2014; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук" in Plantarium, sub O. cumana; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014 [these photos (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/240324.html, 240323, http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/240322.html) seem to correspond to a species of Series Cernuae, it is probably the O. grenieri]) (Rätzel & al. 2015: 456); "Цветущее растение паразитирующее на Lactuca viminea. Южный Берег Крыма, окр. пгт Симеиз [Simeiz, 44°24'14.0"N 33°59'37.0"E], гора Кошка. 28.04.2016" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/446509.html, http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/446510.html by Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov], 2016; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andrey Kovalchuk]; in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016); "верхняя часть подъёма на яйлу из Ялты [ascent to the Yayla from Yalta, 44°27'55.3"N 34°03'55.2"E] (по шоссе), Ялтинский горно-лесной заповедник", 5 Jul 2020 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/68714212 by Alexey P. Seregin in iNaturalist; accessed Mar 2022 [on Lactuca viminea], very illustrative photographs!).

"Note. The most typical form of this species with completely glabrous filaments occurs in southern Crimea and is parasitic on Lactuca viminea (L.) Presl." (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958: 79[74], sub O. cernua).

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References.

Acta Plantarum. 2007. Acta Plantarum - Flora delle Regioni italiane. "IPFI: Index Plantarum". Orobanche minor Sm. - Succiamele minore". In: Acta Plantarum, Forum. URL: http://www.actaplantarum.org/ et www.floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?t=8525 - https://www.actaplantarum.org/galleria_flora/galleria1.php?aid=6130 (accessed Feb 2014).

Acta Plantarum. 2007. Acta Plantarum - Flora delle Regioni italiane. "IPFI: Index Plantarum". Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz. - Succiamele di Grenier". In: Acta Plantarum, Forum. URL: http://www.actaplantarum.org/ et http://www.actaplantarum.org/galleria_flora/galleria1.php?aid=6130 (accessed Jan 2016).

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