Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae

(Index of Orobanchaceae)

Óscar Sánchez Pedraja 1,  Gonzalo Moreno Moral 2,  Luis Carlón 3,  Renata Piwowarczyk 4,

Manuel Laínz 5  &  Gerald M. Schneeweiss 6

ISSN: 2386-9666

[September 2007  "onwards"  (last updated  20 November 2022)]



Below, we give our first approximation to the list of host plants (organized alphabetically by genus and species) in order to facilitate the identification of different Orobanchaceae species. This list is based, mainly, on our personal field research. When this not the case, we use the bibliographical data and the herbarium sheets, which, from our point of view and knowledge of the family, seem to be certain (in this case we indicate the source).


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | ZReferences - Authors - Cite us - GBC - Editor


Acanthopanax (Araliaceae)

Acanthopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz. ex Rehder [vide Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz.]

Acanthopanax wardii W.W. Sm. [vide Eleutherococcus wardii (W.W. Sm.) S.Y. Hu]

Acer (Sapindaceae Juss.; = Aceraceae Juss.)

Acer campestre L.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/461503.html [on Acer campestre ?] by Геннадий Окатов [Gennadiy Okatov] 2016; https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/47953392 [on Acer campestre?] by Екатерина Кропочева [Ekaterina Kropocheva] 2020)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Achillea (Compositae [Asteraceae]) (Compositae Giseke, Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538. Apr 1792; nom. alt.: Asteraceae. Typus: Aster L. [Vienna Code (accessed May 2009)])

Achillea aurea Lam. [vide Tanacetum aureum (Lam.) Greuter, M.V. Agab. & Wagenitz]

Achillea bipinnata L. [vide Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. argyrophyllum (K. Koch) Podlech]

Achillea borzana Prodan [vide Achillea clypeolata Sm.]

Achillea clypeolata Sm. [= Achillea borzana Prodan]: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2005: 465)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea collina (Wirtg.) Heimerl [≡ Achillea millefolium var. collina Wirtg.; ≡ Achillea millefolium subsp. collina (Wirtg.) Oborny; = Achillea millefoliumaggr.]: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486); Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 76)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea holosericea Sm.: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Greece (AY209308 - herb. Gutermann 35589; Carlón & al. 2005: 12, sub P. purpurea s.l.)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea ligustica All. [= Achillea sylvatica Ten.]: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii (Maire) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Jahandiez & Maire 1934] [unconfirmed]; Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Italy (Gussone 1855) unconfirmed)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea odorata L. [Spain], as well as on Achillea millefolium L., more rarely on Achillea ligustica All.)]

Achillea millefolium L.: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea odorata L. [Spain], as well as on Achillea millefolium L., more rarely on Achillea ligustica All.)]

Achillea millefolium subsp. collina (Wirtg.) Oborny [vide Achillea collina (Wirtg.) Heimerl]

Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica (Scheele) Oborny [vide Achillea pannonica Scheele]

Achillea millefolium subsp. setacea (Waldst. & Kit.) Čelak. [vide Achillea setacea Waldst. & Kit.]

Achillea millefolium var. collina Wirtg. [vide Achillea collina (Wirtg.) Heimerl]

Achillea neilreichii Kern. [vide Achillea nobilis subsp. neilreichii (A. Kern.) Velen.]

Achillea nobilis L.: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2005: 465); Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486); Greece (Beck 1902: 448); Russia (MW 1008943)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea nobilis subsp. neilreichii (A. Kern.) Velen. [≡ Achillea neilreichii Kern.]: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Beck 1890: 127] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea odorata L.: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea odorata L. [Spain], as well as on Achillea millefolium L., more rarely on Achillea ligustica All.)]

Achillea pannonica Scheele [≡ Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica (Scheele) Oborny; = Achillea millefolium aggr.]: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 76)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea santolinoides subsp. wilhelmsii (K. Koch) Greuter [vide Achillea wilhelmsii K. Koch]

Achillea setacea Waldst. & Kit. [≡ Achillea millefolium subsp. setacea (Waldst. & Kit.) Čelak.]: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Caucasus (MW 0717046); Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 488); Greece (Beck 1902: 448); France (CLF 170371)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Achillea wilhelmsii K. Koch [≡ Achillea santolinoides subsp. wilhelmsii (K. Koch) Greuter]: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Iran (Yousefi & al. 2013: 694)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Acinos (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Acinos vulgaris (L.) Pers. [vide Clinopodium vulgare L.]

Aconitum (Ranunculaceae)

Aconitum cymbulatum (Schmalh.) Lipsky: Orobanche mlokosiewiczii Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. (2017) [exclusively]

Aconitum lycoctonum L. [s.l.]: Orobanche lycoctoni Rhiner (1890-91) [exclusively]

Adenocarpus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Adenocarpus anagyrifolius Coss. & Balansa: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [P 04363849 - hb. Maire; P 04363848 - hb. Maire] [only on Leguminosae species]

Adenocarpus artemisiifolius Jahand., Maire & Weiller (1931): Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [MPU 003186 - hb. Maire; RAB 033175] [only on Leguminosae species]

Adenocarpus segonnei Maire [vide  Genista segonnei (Maire) P.E. Gibbs]

Adenostyles (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Adenostyles alliariae (Gouan) A. Kern.: Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829) [Austria (Beck 1922: 36)] [mainly on Petasites paradoxus, rarely on other Petasites species. More rarely, also on other Compositae species]

Aetheorhiza (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass. [vide Sonchus bulbosus (L.) N. Kilian & Greuter]

Alhagi (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Alhagi maurorum Medik. [= Alhagi persarum Boiss. & Buhse]: Cistanche armena (K. Koch) M.V. Agab. (2013) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk, May 2016)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae shrubs, but in Armenia also observed on Alhagi maurorum Medik. (Fabaceae)]; Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Jordan (Qasem 2009, sub C. tubulosa)] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Zygophyllaceae]; Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888) [Turkmenistan (Plantarium 433845)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.) and Fabaceae]

Alhagi persarum Boiss. & Buhse [vide Alhagi maurorum Medik.]

Alnus (Betulaceae)

Alnus alnobetula (Ehrh.) K. Koch (s.l.) [Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC.; Betula alnobetula Ehrh.; B. ovata Schrank; B. ovata Willd.; Betula viridis Chaix; Duschekia viridis (Chaix) Opiz]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [Chamisso & Schlechtendal 1828; Walpers 1844; Beck 1930; Raup 1936] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus alnobetula subsp. crispa (Aiton) Raus [≡ Betula crispa Aiton; ≡ Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh; ≡ Alnus viridis subsp. crispa (Aiton) Turrill; = Alnus viridis f. groenlandica Callier]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [Canada (CAN 10081303; CAN 10081317; CAN 10081318; HXC 002734; P 04409929; V 174330; Porsild 1974; Lee 1980)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus alnobetula subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Raus [≡ Alnus fruticosa Rupr.; ≡ Alnaster fruticosus (Rupr.) Ledeb.; ≡ Duschekia fruticosa (Rupr.) Pouzar; = Alnus viridis var. sibirica Regel]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [Russia (Beck 1930: 327, sub B. glabra, "sec. Maximowicz"; Hulten 1930: 126, sub B. rossica; MW 0139163; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 155[109], sub B. rossica; Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 336[461], sub B. rossica).] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus alnobetula subsp. mandschurica (Callier) Chery [vide Alnus mandschurica (Callier) Hand.-Mazz.]

Alnus alnobetula subsp. maximowiczii (Callier) Chery [vide Alnus maximowiczii Callier]

Alnus alnobetula subsp. sinuata (Regel) Raus [≡ Alnus crispa subsp. sinuata (Regel) Hultén; ≡ Alnus sinuata (Regel) Rydb.; ≡ Alnus viridis var. sinuata Regel; ≡ Duschekia sinuata (Regel) Pouzar; Alnus kamschatica (Regel) Kudô ex Masam.; Alnaster kamtschaticus (Callier) Czerep.]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [United States of America, Alaska (Anderson 1918: 447; WTU 351377A; WTU 351377B)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus borealis var. koreana (Callier) Nakai [vide Alnus japonica (Thunb.) Steud.]

Alnus crispa (Aiton) Pursh [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. crispa (Aiton) Raus]

Alnus crispa subsp. sinuata (Regel) Hultén [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. sinuata (Regel) Raus]

Alnus fruticosa Rupr. [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Raus]

Alnus fruticosa var. mandschurica Callier [vide Alnus mandschurica (Callier) Hand.-Mazz.]

Alnus hirsuta (Spach) Rupr. [Alnus sibirica (Spach) Turcz. ex Kom.; Alnus sibirica Fisch. ex Turcz.]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [China (PE 01542403; Zhang & Ma 2003: 390), Russia (sec. Turczaninow [Reuter 1847: 39, sub B. glabra; Ledebour 1849: 323, sub B. glabra; Beck 1930: 327, sub B. glabra]; P 02968835 - Turczaninow 1833; B. Legler 835 - ID 741 - WTU)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus incana (L.) Moench [≡ Betula incana (L.) L. f.]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [Canada (CAN 10081320)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus japonica (Thunb.) Steud. [Alnus borealis var. koreana (Callier) Nakai]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [China (Zhang & al. 2016)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus kamschatica (Regel) Kudô ex Masam. [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. sinuata (Regel) Raus]

Alnus mandschurica (Callier) Hand.-Mazz. [≡ Alnus fruticosa var. mandschurica Callier; ≡ Alnus alnobetula subsp. mandschurica (Callier) Chery; ≡ Duschekia mandschurica (Callier) Pouzar]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [China (PE 01542395), Korea (Nakai 1932: 66, sub B. rossica)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus maximowiczii Callier [≡ Alnus alnobetula subsp. maximowiczii (Callier) Chery; ≡ Duschekia maximowiczii (Callier) Pouzar; ≡ Alnus viridis subsp. maximowiczii (Callier) D. Löve]: Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910) [Japan (Ohwi 1965: 811, sub B. rossica; Konishi & al. 1987; Sanada & al. 1987)] [only confirmed on Alnus sp., unconfirmed hosts include Betula [Betulaceae] and Vaccinium [Ericaceae]; dubious hosts include Chamaedaphne [Ericaceae], Picea [Pinaceae], and Salix [Salicaceae] (Collins & al. in FNA 17)]

Alnus sibirica (Spach) Turcz. ex Kom. [vide Alnus hirsuta (Spach) Rupr.]

Alnus sinuata (Regel) Rydb. [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. sinuata (Regel) Raus]

Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC. (s.l.) [vide Alnus alnobetula (Ehrh.) K. Koch (s.l.)]

Alnus viridis subsp. crispa (Aiton) Turrill [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. crispa (Aiton) Raus]

Alnus viridis subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Nyman [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Raus]

Alnus viridis subsp. maximowiczii (Callier) D. Löve [vide Alnus maximowiczii Callier]

Alnus viridis var. sibirica Regel [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. fruticosa (Rupr.) Raus]

Alnus viridis var. sinuata Regel [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. sinuata (Regel) Raus]

Alnus viridis f. groenlandica Callier [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. crispa (Aiton) Raus]

Alyssum (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae]) [Cruciferae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 237. 4 Aug 1789; nom. alt.: Brassicaceae. Typus: Brassica L.] (Vienna Code, accessed May 2009)]

Alyssum heldreichii Hausskn.: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972) [Hartvig 1991: 267] [only on Brassicaceae, especially the genera Alyssum and Bornmuellera]

Alyssum markgrafii O.E. Schulz: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972) [Mullaj & al. 2010: 164] [only on Brassicaceae, especially the genera Alyssum and Bornmuellera]

Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit.: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972) [Hartvig 1991: 267; Mullaj & al. 2010: 164] [only on Brassicaceae, especially the genera Alyssum and Bornmuellera]

Alyssum smolikanum Nyár.: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972) [Hartvig 1991: 267] [only on Brassicaceae, especially the genera Alyssum and Bornmuellera]

Alyssum spinosum L. [Hormatophylla spinosa (L.) Küpfer]

Alyssum troodi Boiss. [vide Odontarrhena troodi (Boiss.) Španiel, Al-Shehbaz, D.A.German & Marhold]

Amygdalus (Rosaceae)

Amygdalus armeniaca (L.) Dum. [vide Prunus armeniaca L.]

Amygdalus bucharica Korsh. [vide Prunus bucharica (Korsh.) B. Fedtsch. ex Rehder]

Amygdalus communis L. [vide Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb]

Amygdalus fenzliana (Fritsch) Lipsky [vide Prunus fenzliana Fritsch]

Amygdalus salicifolia Boiss. & Balansa [vide Prunus webbii (Spach) Vierh.]

Amygdalus webbii Spach [vide Prunus webbii (Spach) Vierh.]

Anabasis (Chenopodiaceae)

Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey. [vide Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge]

Anabasis aretioides Moq. & Coss.: Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Maire 1936: 252 (Algeria and Morocco)] [parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, as well as on other Plumbaginaceae and Zygophyllaceae species]

Anabasis articulata (Forssk.) Moq. [≡ Salsola articulata Forssk.]: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [f. A. Ivorra, pers. comm. 2009 (Spain)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]; Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Fahmy & al. 1996 (Egypt)] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Anabasis cretacea Pall.: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 23[28]] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Anabasis salsa (C.A. Mey.) Volkens [≡ Brachylepis salsa C. A. Mey.]: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 23[28]] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Anabasis tamariscifolia L. [vide Hammada articulata (Moq.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]

Andropogon (Gramineae [Poaceae])

Andropogon bicolor (L.) Roxb. [vide Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]

Andropogon hackelii Hook. f. [vide Chrysopogon hackelii (Hook. f.) C.E.C. Fisch.]

Andropogon muricatus Retz. [vide Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty]

Andropogon nervosus Rottler [vide Sehima nervosum (Rottler) Stapf ]

Andryala (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Andryala glandulosa subsp. cheiranthifolia (L’Hér.) Greuter [= Andryala varia Lowe ex DC., nom. illeg.]: Orobanche almeriensis A. Pujadas (1995) [usually on Andryala species]

Andryala integrifolia L.: Orobanche almeriensis A. Pujadas (1995) [usually on Andryala species]

Andryala ragusina L.: Orobanche almeriensis A. Pujadas (1995) [usually on Andryala species]

Andryala varia Lowe ex DC., nom. illeg. [vide Andryala glandulosa subsp. cheiranthifolia (L’Hér.) Greuter]

Angelica (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Angelica razulii Gouan: Orobanche montserratii A. Pujadas & D. Gómez (2000) [unconfirmed] [only on Umbelliferae species (probably on Laserpitium species and, perhaps, also on Angelica razulii Gouan and A. sylvestris L.)]

Angelica sylvestris L.: Orobanche montserratii A. Pujadas & D. Gómez (2000) [Andrieu & Michaud 2010: 19, France] [only on Umbelliferae species (probably on Laserpitium species and, perhaps, also on Angelica razulii Gouan and A. sylvestris L.)]

Anthemis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Anthemis maritima L.: Orobanche iammonensis A. Pujadas & P. Fraga (2008) [Menorca, Spain (Pujadas & Fraga 2008)] [exclusively]

Anthriscus (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. [≡ Scandix cerefolium L.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Krim (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/239257.html, 239256, 239255 et 239254 by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2014)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Anthyllis (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Anthyllis cytisoides L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Anthyllis erinacea L., syn. subst. [vide Erinacea anthyllis Link]

Anthyllis terniflora (Lag.) Pau [= Genista terniflora Lag.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Spain (Serra Laliga 2007: 787)] [only on Leguminosae species]

Anthyllis vulneraria L. [aggr.]: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Spain (LOU 30466)] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Antirrhinum (Scrophulariaceae)

Antirrhinum sp.: Orobanche subbaetica Triano & A. Pujadas (2014) [Gibraltar (Flora of Gibraltar, sub O. amethystea); Morocco (Carine & al. 2006: 215, sub O. amethystea); Spain (Pujadas & Triano 2015: 275, 280, sub O. subbaetica; Carlón & al. 2015: 48, sub O. subbaetica)] [only on Antirrhinum species]

Antirrhinum australe Rothm.: Orobanche subbaetica Triano & A. Pujadas (2014) [Spain (Carlón & al. 2015: 48, sub O. subbaetica)] [only on Antirrhinum species]

Antirrhinum barrelieri subsp. litigiosum (Pau) O. Bolňs & Vigo [vide Antirrhinum litigiosum Pau]

Antirrhinum graniticum Rothm.: Orobanche subbaetica Triano & A. Pujadas (2014) [Spain (Pujadas & Triano 2015: 275, 280, sub O. subbaetica)] [only on Antirrhinum species]

Antirrhinum litigiosum Pau [≡ Antirrhinum barrelieri subsp. litigiosum (Pau) O. Bolňs & Vigo]: Orobanche subbaetica Triano & A. Pujadas (2014) [Spain (Pujadas & Triano 2015: 275, 280, sub O. subbaetica)] [only on Antirrhinum species]

Apium (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Apium crispum Mill. [vide Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss]

Apium graveolens L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Feliachi & Aouali 2005] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Libya (P 03428454.jpg - hb. E. Cosson)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Arachis (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Arachis hypogaea L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Israel and Palestinian territories (forestryimages.org...imgnum=0686006 by Dr. Reuven Jacobsohn (Agricultural Research Organization, Bugwood.org))] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Aralia (Araliaceae)

Aralia japonica Thunb. [vide Fatsia japonica (Thunb.) Decne. & Planch.]

Araliae papyrifera Hook. [vide Tetrapanax papyrifer (Hook.) K. Koch]

Arctotheca (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns [≡ Arctotis calendula L.]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) [LOU 30404 (rarely, Spain)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Argyrolobium (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Argyrolobium argenteum (L.) Willk. [vide Argyrolobium zanonii (Turra) P.W. Ball]

Argyrolobium zanonii (Turra) P.W. Ball [≡ Cytisus zanonii Turra; = Argyrolobium argenteum (L.) Willk.; = Cytisus argenteus L.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Beck 1922: 37; Beck 1930: 286] [only on Leguminosae species]

Armeniaca (Rosaceae)

Armeniaca vulgaris Lam. [vide Prunus armeniaca L.]

Artemisia (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Artemisia sp.: Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Azerbaijan (Plantarium 53221 and Plantarium 53222 by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov], 2010); Iran (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 97, sub C. fissa); Turkmenistan (Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. Sintenisii; Beck 1930: 39, sub C. fissa)] [parasitic on small shrubs of the families Chenopodiaceae and Compositae]

Artemisia abrotanum L. [= Artemisia procera Willd.]: Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830) [European Russia (Tzvelev 1981: 330[451])] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia absinthium L. [= Artemisia baldaccii Degen]: Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [(Beck 1930: 103, sub O. arenaria), unconfirmed] [only on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 24); Austria (Beck 1890: 121); Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 488)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia alba Turra [= Artemisia camphorata Vill.]: Orobanche serbica Beck & Petrovic (1885) [exclusively]

Artemisia albicerata Krasch. [vide Artemisia arenaria DC.]

Artemisia alpina Willd. [= Artemisia caucasica Willd.; Artemisia lanata sensu Grossgejm 1934]: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Krim (MW 0626302)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia aragonensis Lam. [vide Artemisia herba-alba Asso]

Artemisia araxina Takht. [= Artemisia spicigera auct.]: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 24)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia arenaria DC. [= Artemisia albicerata Krasch.; = Artemisia lercheana Presc. ex Besser]: Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [Russia (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/515586.html, 515588, 515590, 515591, 515592 by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2017)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia armeniaca Lam. [= Artemisia potentillifolia Spreng.]: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 24)] [usually on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche pallens (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 46[43], sub O. uralensis Beck)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia austriaca Jacq. [= Artemisia repens Willd.]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Kazakhstan (MW 087811)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Russia (P 02968104 - Hb. E. Cosson; L 2817612; WAG 1141225)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]; Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Austria (Beck 1882: 121, sub O. peisonis; Beck 1890: 122, sub O. caesia; Beck 1930: 98, sub O. caesia; Pusch 2009: 23, sub O. caesia), Krim (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/614508.html, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/614507, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/614484 and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/614483.html by Валентина Фатерыга [Valentina Fateryga] 2019), Russia (MW 0514055; MW 0514073; http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/231260.html, 231263, 227355 by Слава Беспалов [Slava Bespalov] 2014), Ukraine (Beck 1930: 99, sub O. caesia; Piwowarczyk & al. 2014: 797, sub P. caesia)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia barrelieri Besser [≡ Seriphidium barrelieri (Besser) Soják]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (P 04419649 - Hb. E. Cosson; Molero 1985: 157; Pujadas & Velasco 2000: 517, sub O. cernua L.)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Artemisia caerulescens subsp. gallica (Willd.) K.M. Perss. [vide Artemisia gallica Willd.]

Artemisia campestris L.: Orobanche artemisiae-campestris Vaucher ex Gaudin (1829) [exclusively on Artemisia campestris L. (s.l.)]; Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [France (MPU - Herbier Faculté Médicine; Gautier 1897: 337); Spain (Löfling 1758: 152; Pujadas & Velasco 2000: 517, sub O. cernua L.)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Austria (AY209235; Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. coerulescens); Belarus (MW 0513832); Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000); Germany (CLF 170337; NHG 30468; Kreutz 1995: 82-83); Hungary (Kerner 1874: 46); Kazakhstan (MW 0878108); Serbia (Kojić & al. 2001: 81)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [(Beck 1890: 131, sub O. arenaria; Beck 1930: 103, sub O. arenaria), Algeria (Pomel 1876: 103, sub Phelipanche arenaria; P 04076079 - hb. E. Cosson; MPU 261551 - hb. Maire; MPU 261556 - hb. Battandier - Maire), Austria (Kerner 1874: 46, sub O. ionantha), France (Saint-Lager 1883: 394, sub Phelypaea arenaria Walp.; Franchet 1885: 450; MPU - Planchon; P 04384507 - hb. E. Drake), Germany (Dietrich 1835: 151, sub O. robusta; P 04392702; P 04392701: Uhlich & Gregor 2017, sub O. arenaria), Poland (Piwowarczyk & al. 2011: 40), Romanie (E 01005562 - hb. Dörfler), Slovakia (WU 0076578), Spain (Montserrat 1957: 349; Alejandre & al. 2004: 41)] [only on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Ukraine (Bunge ex Beck 1890: 122, sub O. caesia; Alexeenko ex Beck 1930: 99, sub O. caesia)] [usually on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000) [only on Artemisia campestris L. (s.l.)]

Artemisia campestris L. subsp. glutinosa (Gay ex Bess.) Batt. [≡ Artemisia glutinosa J.Gay ex Besser]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13183, 13316, 13924; Pujadas & Velasco 2000: 516, sub O. cernua L.)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12262 et 13687; Sánchez-Gómez & al. 2016: 111, sub O. arenaria)] [only on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000) [only on Artemisia campestris L. (s.l.)]

Artemisia campestris subsp. inodora Nyman [vide Artemisia marschalliana Spreng., nom. nov.]

Artemisia campestris subsp. maritima (DC.) Arcang. [≡ Artemisia campestris var. maritima DC.; = Artemisia crithmifolia L.]: Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [(Beck 1890: 131, sub O. arenaria; Beck 1930: 103, sub O. arenaria), Portugal (Sampaio 1913: 116, sub Kopsia purpurea; Sampaio 1947: 499, sub Kopsia purpurea), Spain (MA 114834 - Merino, sub Phelypaea arenaria var. ramosa; Laínz 1955: 125, sub Phelypaea arenaria f. ramosa M. Laínz)] [only on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) [rarely] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Artemisia campestris var. maritima DC. [vide Artemisia campestris subsp. maritima (DC.) Arcang.]

Artemisia camphorata Vill. [vide Artemisia alba Turra]

Artemisia carruthii Alph. Wood ex Carruth: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848) [SEINet - Arizona New Mexico Chapter)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia chamaemelifolia Vill.: Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [Spain (Winkler ex Beck 1890: 131, sub O. arenaria; Beck 1930: 103, sub O. arenaria)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia commutata Besser: Orobanche pycnostachya Hance (1873) [Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 86] [only on Artemisia species]; Orobanche pycnostachya var. amurensis (Beck) Beck (1930) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 69(87)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia crithmifolia L. [vide Artemisia campestris subsp. maritima (DC.) Arcang.]

Artemisia cuneifolia DC. [vide Artemisia japonica Thunb.]

Artemisia desertorum Spreng.: Orobanche pycnostachya Hance (1873) [FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Jun 2013] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia dioscoridis sensu Bubani (1897: 257) [vide Artemisia gallica Willd.]

Artemisia dracunculus L.: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Piwowarczyk & Przemyski 2009] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche pallens (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 46[43], sub O. uralensis Beck)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia fragrans Willd. [= Artemisia meyeriana (Besser) Grossh., non Besser 1841]: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Georgia (WU: S&T 6609 - AY209231; Carlón & al. 2005: 59)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]; Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 24, sub P. caesia)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia frigida Willd.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848) [KHD 00016005 - SEINet] [usually on Artemisia species, sometimes on other species]; Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Piwowarczyk & Przemyski 2009] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche pallens (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 46[43], sub O. uralensis Beck)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia gallica Willd. [≡ Artemisia caerulescens subsp. gallica (Willd.) K.M. Perss.; ≡ A. maritima subsp. gallica (Willd.) Corb.]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [France (Gautier 1897: 337; CLF 210006; P 04243542 - hb. L. Rotereau; P 04392772; P 04405561; P 04405927 - Hb. A.V. Roussel; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13432); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12214; López Udias & al. 2016: 23, sub O. cernua)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Artemisia glanduligera Krasch. ex Poljakov: Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 75[70])] [only on Artemisia species, sometimes on other Compositae species]

Artemisia glauca Pall. ex Willd.: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Piwowarczyk & Przemyski 2009] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche pallens (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 46[43], sub O. uralensis Beck)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia glutinosa J.Gay ex Besser [vide Artemisia campestris L. subsp. glutinosa (Gay ex Bess.) Batt.]

Artemisia gmelinii Weber ex Stechm. [= Artemisia sacrorum Ledeb.; Artemisia sancta Ledeb. (F. Karo in sched.)]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [China (PE 01463882)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Orobanche pycnostachya Hance (1873) [Beck 1930: 117 (P 02968051 - F. Karo in Pl. Dahuriae n. 368); Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 86] [only on Artemisia species]; Orobanche pycnostachya var. amurensis (Beck) Beck (1930) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 69(87)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia herba-alba Asso [= Artemisia aragonensis Lam.]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Morocco (MPU 064598 - hb. Maire; MPU 064606 - hb. Maire; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 699, sub O. cernua Loefl.); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 09131, 11906, 12217, 12219, 13885; Burgaz 1983: 101; Pujadas & Velasco 2000: 516, sub O. cernua L.; Carlón & al. 2002: 17; Molina Martín & al. 2017: 19, sub O. cernua)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [only Cuenca, Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13856 et 13857)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Artemisia herba-alba subsp. valentina (Lam.) Masclans [vide Artemisia valentina Lam.]

Artemisia incana (L.) Druce [Artemisia fasciculata M. Bieb.; Artemisia orientalis Willd.]: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 24)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia indica Willd. [≡ Artemisia vulgaris var. indica (Willd.) Maxim.]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [China (P 02968147), Japan (Makino 1929: 9; Beck 1930: 122)] [only on Artemisia sp.]

Artemisia inodora M. Bieb., non Mill. [vide Artemisia marschalliana Spreng., nom. nov.]

Artemisia japonica Thunb. [= Artemisia cuneifolia DC.]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Japan (Makino 1928: 41; Lee & al. 2016)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [India (Sharma & al. 2021: 196, sub O. cumana)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Artemisia japonica subsp. littoricola (Kitamura) Kitamura [vide Artemisia littoricola Kitamura]

Artemisia laciniata Willd: Orobanche pycnostachya var. amurensis (Beck) Beck (1930) [Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 69(87)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia latifolia Ledeb.: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Piwowarczyk & Przemyski 2009] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche pallens (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 46[43], sub O. uralensis Beck)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia lercheana Presc. ex Besser [vide Artemisia arenaria DC.]

Artemisia lercheana Weber ex Stechm. [= Artemisia nachitscevanica Rzazade; = Artemisia pseudofragrans Klokov; = Seriphidium lercheanum var. astrachanicum (Kazak.) Y. R. Ling]: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Russia (MHA 0007615)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]; Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Uhlich & al. 1995: 200] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia lerchiana Stechm. [see Artemisia lercheana Weber ex Stechm.]

Artemisia lessingiana Besser: Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 75[70])] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia littoricola Kitamura [≡ Artemisia japonica subsp. littoricola (Kitamura) Kitamura]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Japan (Makino 1928: 41; Lee & al. 2016), Korea (Lee & al. 2016)] [only on Artemisia sp.]

Artemisia maritima subsp. gallica (Willd.) Corb. [vide Artemisia gallica Willd.]

Artemisia maritima subsp. monogyna (Waldst. & Kit.) Hegi [vide Artemisia santonicum L. (incl. Artemisia santonicum subsp. patens (Neilr.) K.M. Perss.)]

Artemisia maritima var. boschniakiana Besser [vide Artemisia santonicum L.]

Artemisia maritima var. meyeriana Besser [vide Artemisia fragrans Willd.]

Artemisia maritima var. sublessingiana B. Keller [vide Seriphidium sublessingianum (B. Keller) Poljakov]

Artemisia marschalliana Spreng., nom. nov. [= Artemisia campestris subsp. inodora Nyman; = Artemisia inodora M. Bieb.]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Amenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 49); Russia (A. Becker in P 04419693, L 2817721...; R.F. Hohenacker in P 04419693, L 2817721...)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [Russia (Becker ex Beck 1890: 131, sub O. arenaria), Russia, Stavropol Krai (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/120982132 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3858673033 by Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич [Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich])] [only on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Russia (Becker ex Beck 1890: 122, sub O. caesia; Becker ex Beck 1930: 98, sub O. caesia; P 04419693; US 481336; L 2817721)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia monogyna Waldst. & Kit. [= Artemisia santonicum L.]

Artemisia monosperma Delile: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Palestina (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 213)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Artemisia nachitscevanica Rzazade [vide Artemisia lercheana Weber ex Stechm.]

Artemisia nova A. Nelson: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848) [Southwest Colorado Wildflowers] [usually on Artemisia species, sometimes on other species]

Artemisia ordosica Krasch.: Orobanche pycnostachya Hance (1873) [Chinese Virture Herbarium - CVH, accessed Jun 2013] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia pontica L.: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Austria (Beck 1890: 122, sub O. caesia; Beck 1930: 98, sub O. caesia; MPU - Neyraut; Kreutz 1995: 38-39, sub O. caesia), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 488, sub P. caesia; Pusch 2009: 23, sub O. caesia)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia porrecta Krasch. ex Poljakov: Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 75[70])] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia potentillifolia Spreng. [Artemisia armeniaca Lam.]

Artemisia procera Willd. [vide Artemisia abrotanum L.]

Artemisia pseudofragrans Klokov [vide Artemisia lercheana Weber ex Stechm.]

Artemisia pubescens Ledeb. [= A. commutata Besser]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [only on Artemisia sp.]

Artemisia ramosa Buch [≡ Seriphidium ramosum (Buch) Dobignard]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain, Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12392)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Artemisia repens Willd. [vide Artemisia austriaca Jacq.]

Artemisia sacrorum Ledeb. [Artemisia gmelinii Weber ex Stechm.]

Artemisia salina subsp. patens (Neilr.) Sagorski [vide Artemisia santonicum subsp. patens (Neilr.) K. M. Perss.]

Artemisia santonicum L. [≡ Seriphidium santonicum (L.) Soják; = Artemisia monogyna Waldst. & Kit.; Artemisia maritima subsp. monogyna (Waldst. & Kit.) Hegi; Artemisia maritima var. boschniakiana Besser; = Artemisia maritima auct., non L.]): Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Bulgaria (Petrov 1968; Encheva & Shindrova 1994; Pineda Martos 2014); Hungary (Barina & al. 2005: 5); Russia (Beck 1930: 123-124)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Artemisia santonicum subsp. patens (Neilr.) K. M. Perss. [= Artemisia maritima subsp. monogyna (Waldst. & Kit.) Hegi; = Artemisia salina subsp. patens (Neilr.) Sagorski]: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Europe (Pusch 2009: 23, sub O. caesia); Romania (MA114845 - herb. Jul. Wolff), unconfirmed] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia schmidtiana Maxim.: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Japan (P 02968139)] [only on Artemisia sp.]

Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. [= Artemisia scoparioides Grossh.; = Artemisia capillaris auct.]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1890: 139; Beck 1930: 119; Japan (http://wildplantsshimane.jp/Plates/Orobanche_coerulescens.htm)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Russia (Plantarium.ru/page/image/id/113082 by Сергей Банкетов [Sergey Banketov])] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Artemisia selengensis Turcz. ex Besser: Orobanche pycnostachya var. amurensis (Beck) Beck (1930) [Chinese Virture Herbarium - CVH, accessed June 2013] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia sericea Stechm.: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Russia (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/99130.html by Михаил Князев (Mikhail Knyazev) 2011)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia sieversiana Ehrh. ex Willd. [= Artemisia chrysolepis Kitagawa; = Artemisia koreana Nakai]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Russia (P 02986270)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche pallens (Bunge ex Ledeb.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 46[43], sub O. uralensis Beck)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia spicigera auct. [vide Artemisia araxina Takht.]

Artemisia splendens Willd.: Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 24)] [usually on Artemisia species]

Artemisia steveniana Grossh. [vide Artemisia taurica Willd.]

Artemisia stolonifera (Maxim.) Kom. [= A. vulgaris var. stolonifera Maxim.]: Orobanche pycnostachya var. amurensis (Beck) Beck (1930) [Chinese Virture Herbarium - CVH, accessed Jun 2013] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia sublessingiana (B. Keller) Krasch. ex Poljakov [≡ A. maritima var. sublessingiana B. Keller; Seriphidium sublessingianum (B. Keller) Poljakov]: Orobanche amoena C.A. Mey. (1830) [Kazakhstan (MW 0878064)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia taurica Willd. [≡ Seriphidium tauricum (Willd.) Poljakov; = Artemisia steveniana Grossh.]: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Krym (Plantarium.ru/page/image/id/613629.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga])] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Artemisia valentina Lam. [≡ Artemisia herba-alba subsp. valentina (Lam.) Masclans]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (Pau in BC 822104, MA 114871 and MAF 36156; Pujadas & Velasco 2000: 516, sub O. cernua L.)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [Pau (MA 114830)] [only on Artemisia species]

Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte.: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 487), Italy (Franco Giordana, sub P. arenaria)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Artemisia vulgaris L.: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Japan (P 02968151 - hb. Drake); Ukraine (MW 0513849)] [only on Artemisia sp.]; Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [(Hoehnel ex Beck 1890: 131, sub O. arenaria; Beck 1930: 103, sub O. arenaria), Germany] [only on Artemisia species]; Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 486, 487); Italy (floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org...t=46931 [215568, 215569, 215577, 215578] by Eugenia Bugni; floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=63799 by Ettore Guarnaroli; floraitaliae.actaplantarum.org/viewtopic.php?f=40&t=40286 [187217, 187218, 187219...] by Emma Silviana Mauri; inaturalist.org/observations/48934498 - gbif.org/occurrence/2641414251 by Mirko Tomasi; inaturalist.org/observations/81570438 by Letizia del Giudice)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Artemisia vulgaris var. indica (Willd.) Maxim. [vide Artemisia indica Willd.]

Artemisia vulgaris var. stolonifera Maxim. [vide A. stolonifera (Maxim.) Kom.]

Artemisia xigazeensis Y.R. Ling & M.G. Gilbert [A. halimodendron Ledeb.]: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [China (PE 01476062; PE 01476067)] [only on Artemisia sp.]

Arthrocnemum (Chenopodiaceae)

Arthrocnemum belangerianum Moq. [vide Halostachys belangeriana (Moq.) Botsch.]

Arthrocnemum fruticosum (L.) Moq. [vide Sarcocornia fruticosa (L.) A.J. Scott]

Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moric.) Moris [≡ Salicornia macrostachya Moric.]: Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [Pujadas] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008; Sergeev in Flora of Qatar 2015] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Arthrocnemum perenne (Mill.) Moss [vide Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A.J. Scott]

Aspalthium (Leguminosae [Fabaceae]) (Leguminosae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 345. 4 Aug 1789; nom. alt.: Fabaceae. Typus: Faba Mill. [= Vicia L.] (Vienna Code, accessed May 2009))

Aspalthium bituminosum (L.) Fourr. [≡ Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. (1981); ≡ Psoralea bituminosa L.; = Psoralea palaestina Gouan (1773)]: Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874) [exclusively]; Phelipanche lavandulacea subsp. trichocalyx (Webb) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Canary Islands endemic] [exclusively]; Phelipanche lavandulaceoides Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Continental Iberian Peninsula endemic] [exclusively]

Asperula (Rubiaceae)

Asperula galioides M. Bieb. [≡ Galium galioides (M. Bieb.) Soó]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Asperula glomerata (M. Bieb.) Griseb. [≡ Crucianella glomerata M. Bieb.]: Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 28)] [apparently only parasitic on Rubiaceae and Caryophyllaceae species]

Asperula hirsuta Desf.: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [Algeria (MPU 004867 - Clauson 1858)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Asperula odorata L. [≡ Galium odoratum (L.) Scop.]

Asperula galioides M. Bieb. [vide Galium glaucum L.]

Asperula glauca (L.) Bess. [vide Galium glaucum L.]

Asperula purpurea (L.) Ehrend. [vide Galium purpureum L.]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Greece (Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea; Strid & Tan 1991: 274, sub O. caryophyllacea)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Asteriscus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Asteriscus arabicus Velen. [vide Rhanterium epapposum Oliv.]

Asteriscus maritimus (L.) Less. [vide Pallenis maritima (L.) Greuter]

Astracantha (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Astracantha denudata (Steven) Podlech [≡ Astragalus denudatus Steven; = Astragalus marschallianus Fisch.]: Orobanche owerinii (Beck) Beck (1922) [Russia, North Ossetia-Alania Republic (MW 0717018)] [mostly on Fabaceae, usually on species of Trifolium L. and Vicia L.]

Astragalus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Astragalus denudatus Steven [vide Astracantha denudata (Steven) Podlech]

Astragalus incanus subsp. macrorhizus (Cav.) Charter: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Astragalus lusitanicus Lam. [vide Erophaca baetica (L.) Boiss.]

Astragalus marschallianus Fisch. [vide Astracantha denudata (Steven) Podlech]

Astragalus pelecinus (L.) Barneby subsp. pelecinus [≡ Biserrula pelecinus L.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13658)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Astragalus squarrosus Bunge: Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888) [Iran (B 10 0264813)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.) and Fabaceae]

Athamanta (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae]) (Umbelliferae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 218. 4 Aug 1789; nom. alt.: Apiaceae. Typus: Apium L. [Vienna Code, accessed May 2009]

Athamanta libanotis L. (1753) [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Athamanta cervaria L. (1759) [vide Peucedanum cervaria Lapeyr. (1813)]

Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae)

Atriplex cana C.A. Mey. [≡ Cremnophyton canum (C.A.Mey.) G.L. Chu; ≡ Sukhorukovia cana (C.A. Mey.) Vasjukov]: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 23[28]; Plantarium.ru id/641447 by Vladimir Kolbintsev 2020 (East Kazakhstan Region)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Atriplex glauca L. [? Atriplex glauca subsp. mauritanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Dobignard; = Atriplex parvifolia Lowe, nom. illeg.]: Cistanche mauritanica (Coss. & Durieu) Beck (1930) [Morocco (Sennen ex Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [Welwitsch, R. da Cunha ex Guimarăes 1904: 192] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Atriplex glauca subsp. mauritanica (Boiss. & Reut.) Dobignard [vide Atriplex glauca L.]

Atriplex halimus L.: Cistanche mauritanica (Coss. & Durieu) Beck (1930) [Algeria (P 02985971 - M. Durieu 1840-1844; P 06902927 - hb. Maire); López Jiménez & Mola Caballero de Rodas 2002] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [R. da Cunha ex Guimarăes 1904: 192; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 693] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [P 04410188 - hb. A. Dubius (Oran, Algeria)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]

Atriplex parvifolia Lowe, nom. illeg. [vide Atriplex glauca L.]

Atriplex portulacoides L. [vide Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen]

Atriplex verrucifera M. Bieb. [vide Halimione verrucifera (M. Bieb.) Aellen]

Azalea (Ericaceae)

Azalea lepidota (Wall.) Kuntze [vide Rhododendron lepidotum Wall.]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Ballota (Labiatae [Lamiaceae]) (Labiatae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 110. 4 Aug 1789; nom. alt.: Lamiaceae. Typus: Lamium L. [Vienna Code, accessed May 2009])

Ballota hirsuta Benth.: Orobanche ballotae A. Pujadas (1997) [exclusively]

Ballota pseudodictamnus (L.) Benth.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Libya (MPU 008119 - Maire & Weiller 1175; MPU 008120 - Maire & Weiller 1173)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Bassia (Chenopodiaceae)

Bassia prostrata (L.) Beck [≡ Salsola prostrata L.; ≡ Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad.]: Phelipanche camphorosmae Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Spain (Guardiola & al. 2016: 89, sub P. camphorosmae)] [usually on Camphorosma monspeliaca L., mentioned also on Kochia]; Phelipanche kelleri (Novopokr.) Soják (1972) [URSS (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 57[52]; Tzvelev 1981: 449)] [apparently only on Kochia species]

Berberis (Berberidaceae)

Berberis sp.: Orobanche lucorum A. Braun ex F.W. Schultz (1830) [Rumsey & Jury 1991, "Berberis cultivars"; Rätzel & Zimmermann 1999: 76, sometimes on other cultivated species of this genus] [only on shrub species of Berberidaceae, usually on Berberis sp., rarely on Mahonia sp.]

Berberis vulgaris L.: Orobanche lucorum A. Braun ex F.W. Schultz (1830) [Schultz 1830; Koch 1833: 458; Beck 1890: 187] [only on shrub species of Berberidaceae, usually on Berberis sp., rarely on Mahonia sp.]

Betonica (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Betonica macrantha K. Koch [vide Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn]

Betula (Betulaceae)

Betula incana (L.) L. f. [vide Alnus incana (L.) Moench]

Betula crispa Aiton [vide Alnus alnobetula subsp. crispa (Aiton) Raus]

Betula ovata Schrank [vide Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC.]

Betula viridis Chaix [vide Alnus viridis (Chaix) DC.]

Bilacunaria (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Bilacunaria microcarpa (M. Bieb.) Pimenov & V. N. Tikhom. [vide Cachrys microcarpos M.Bieb.]

Biserrula (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Biserrula pelecinus L. [vide Astragalus pelecinus (L.) Barneby subsp. pelecinus]

Bituminaria (Leguminosae [Fabaceae]) [Bituminaria Heist. ex Fabr., Enum. 165 (1759), nom. gen. illeg. (G. López, comm. pers. [Carlón & al. 2005: 26])]

Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirt. (1981) [vide Aspalthium bituminosum (L.) Fourr.]

Bornmuellera (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae]) [Cruciferae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 237. 4 Aug 1789; nom. alt.: Brassicaceae. Typus: Brassica L.] [Vienna Code, accessed May 2009]

Bornmuellera baldaccii (Degen) Heywood [≡ Ptilotrichum baldaccii Degen]: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972) [Hartvig 1991: 267] [only on Brassicaceae, especially the genera Alyssum and Bornmuellera]

Bornmuellera tymphaea (Hausskn.) Hausskn. [≡ Vesicaria tymphaea Hausskn.]: Phelipanche nowackiana (Markgr.) Soják (1972) [Hartvig 1991: 267; Uhlich 1991] [only on Brassicaceae, especially the genera Alyssum and Bornmuellera]

Brachyglottis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Brachyglottis greyi (Hook. f.) B. Nord. [Senecio greyi Hook. f.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271; Thorogood & al. 2009)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Brachyglottis × jubar P.D. Sell: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [England (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 230)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Brassica (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Brassica alba (L.) Boiss. [vide Sinapis alba L.]

Brassica botrytis (L.) Mill. [vide Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.]

Brassica capitata (L.) Pers. [vide Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.]

Brassica napus L.: Phelipanche brassicae (Novopokr.) Soják (1972) [former European USSR (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 63[59], sub O. brassicae (Novopokr.) Novopokr.)] [usually on cultivated species of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), but it was sometime mentioned on other families]; Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874) [France (Gibot-Leclerc & al. 2012)] [locally extinct in some countries because the cultivation of the Cannabis sativa have been abandoned, usually on cultivated species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families]

Brassica oleracea L.: Phelipanche brassicae (Novopokr.) Soják (1972) [Russia, Rostov Oblast (Novopokrovsky 1928: MW 0514027, MW 0514026, IFP 13202999y0001, IBSC 0547784, PE 01463717; Gbif 8193379); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (Андрей Любченко [Andrey Lyubchenko] 2011 in http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/96611.html; former European USSR (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 63[59], sub O. brassicae (Novopokr.) Novopokr.); Tzvelev 2015] [usually on cultivated species of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), but it was sometime mentioned on other families]

Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. [≡ Brassica botrytis (L.) Mill.]: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Al-Jiftlik, Palestine (MA 511350 - Musselman 10004)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Brassica oleracea var. capitata L. [≡ Brassica capitata (L.) Pers.]: Phelipanche brassicae (Novopokr.) Soják (1972) [China (Zhang 1990 (FRPS 69: 101); Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub O. brassicae (Novopokr.) Novopokr.)] [usually on cultivated species of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), but it was sometime mentioned on other families]

Brassica rapa subsp. rapa: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Israel (Aly & al. 2019)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Cachrys (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Cachrys crispa Pers. [vide Cachrys microcarpos M.Bieb.]

Cachrys ferulacea (L.) Calestani [vide Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl.]

Cachrys microcarpos M.Bieb. [≡ Bilacunaria microcarpa (M. Bieb.) Pimenov & V. N. Tikhom.; = Cachrys crispa Pers.]: Orobanche kurdica Boiss. & Hausskn. (1879) [Russia (Fateryga & al. 2021: 363, sub O. kurdica)] [parasitic exclusively on Umbelliferae species (Prangos sp. and Cachrys sp.)]

Cachrys pastinacea Lam. [vide Magydaris pastinacea (Lam.) Paol. & Bég.]

Cachrys prangoides Boiss. [vide Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl.]

Calendula (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Calendula algarbiensis Boiss. [vide Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis (Boiss.) Nyman]

Calendula algeriensis Boiss. & Reut. [Calendula stellata Cav.]

Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L. [= Calendula echinata DC.]: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Morocco (MPU 059550 - hb. Maire); Portugal (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 61)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula balansae Boiss. & Reut. [vide Calendula suffruticosa subsp. balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Ohle]

Calendula echinata DC. [vide Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L.]

Calendula maroccana (Ball) B. D. Jacks. [≡ Calendula suffruticosa subsp. maroccana Ball]: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Morocco (P 02986977 - hb. E.G. Camus; P 02986978 - hb. E.G. Camus)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula microphylla Willk. [vide Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis (Boiss.) Nyman]

Calendula stellata Cav. [= Calendula algeriensis Boiss. & Reut.]: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Morocco (MPU 064567 - hb. Maire)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula suffruticosa Vah: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Algeria (MPU 004862 - hb. Pomel; P 00102804 - hb. Maire; P 03428403; P 02977878 - hb. M. Martin)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. algarbiensis (Boiss.) Nyman [≡ Calendula algarbiensis Boiss.; = Calendula microphylla Willk.]: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12520; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12521; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13840)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Ohle [≡ Calendula balansae Boiss. & Reut.]: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Algeria (P 00102805 - hb. Maire; MPU 064566 - hb. Maire; MPU 064569 - hb. Maire)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. lusitanica (Boiss.) Ohle [≡ Calendula lusitanica Boiss.]: Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) [Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12527)] [parasitic on Calendula species and perhaps on other Asteraceae (Compositae) species. Other mentioned families need to be verified]

Calendula suffruticosa subsp. maroccana Ball [vide Calendula maroccana (Ball) B. D. Jacks.]

Calicotome (Leguminosae [Fabaceae]) [Calycotome orthographic variant]

Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss. [≡ Spartium infestum C. Presl; ≡ Cytisus infestus (C. Presl) Guss.; ≡ Genista infesta (C. Presl) G. Don]: Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Gussone 1828-32: 183; Beck 1890: 208, "sec. Moris"; WU 34311 - Kerner 00040; Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Calicotome infesta subsp. intermedia (C. Presl) Greuter [vide Calicotome intermedia C. Presl]

Calicotome intermedia C. Presl [≡ Calicotome infesta subsp. intermedia (C. Presl) Greuter; ≡ Cytisus infestus subsp. intermedius (C. Presl) Cristof. & Troěa]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Algeria (B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1851 n. 58; P 02983098, P 03428635 - hb. W. de Schoenefeld 589, P 04410488 et P 02977787; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94, "Balansa 58", sub O. condensata)] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94; Beck 1890: 208] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link [≡ Spartium spinosum L.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Algeria (P 03428634 - hb. Alleizette)] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Algeria (P 02978299; P 03428627; P 02978303; P 02978379); Beck 1890: 208, "!"; Pujadas 2007: 212, "1880, Lojacomo (WU)"; P 04410518 - hb. Faurel 1932] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link [≡ Spartium villosum Poir.; = Cytisus lanigerus (Desf.) DC.; = Spartium lanigerum Desf.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Algeria (P 02983101 - hb. E. Cosson)] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Moris 1858-1859: 247; Beck 1890: 208, "sec. Moris"; Foley 2001: 72; Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227; Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Calligonum (Polygonaceae)

Calligonum polygonoides L.: Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008; Ilahi & al. 2010] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Calotropis (Asclepiadaceae)

Calotropis hamiltonii Wight [vide Calotropis procera subsp. hamiltonii (Wight) Ali]

Calotropis procera subsp. hamiltonii (Wight) Ali [≡ Calotropis hamiltonii Wight]: Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Hooker f. 1884: 324] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Calycotome [orthographic variant, vide Calicotome]

Campanula (Campanulaceae)

Campanula ciliata Steven: Orobanche raddeana Beck (1890) [Сергей Банкетов (Sergey Banquet) 2013 in Plantarium id/205017, id/205018, id/205019, id/205020, accessed Sep 2015)] [exclusively on species of Campanula L., usually on C. collina M.B. [C. collina Sims], also on other species such as C. ciliata Steven]

Campanula collina Sims: Orobanche raddeana Beck (1890) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 92[118]; WU 0032445; WU 0032467; Carlón & al. 2005: 65] [exclusively on species of Campanula L., usually on C. collina M.B. [C. collina Sims], also on other species such as C. ciliata Steven]

Camphorosma (Chenopodiaceae)

Camphorosma monspeliaca L.: Phelipanche camphorosmae Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [usually on Camphorosma monspeliaca L., mentioned also on Kochia]

Cannabis (Cannabaceae)

Cannabis sativa L.: Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874) [locally extinct in some countries because the cultivation of the Cannabis sativa have been abandoned, usually on cultivated species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families]

Capsicum (Solanaceae)

Capsicum annuum L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 61; Hershenhorn & al. 1996] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Caragana (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Caragana jubata Poir.: Mannagettaea hummelii H. Smith (1933) [PE 01463669; E 00477632; S07-886; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 139; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998] [parasitic on species of Caragana Fabr. and Salix L.]

Carduus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Carduus acanthoides L.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [Beck 1890: 221, f. pallidiflora et f. procera; Uhlich & al. 1995: 200, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Kreutz 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora; Zázvorka 2000: 498-499] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus argemone Pourret ex Lam. [vide Carduus defloratus subsp. argemone (Pourr. ex Lam.) Ces.]

Carduus armatus Boiss. & Heldr., non (Banks & Sol.) Steudel (1821) [vide Carduus tmoleus Boiss.]

Carduus carlinifolius Lam. [vide Carduus defloratus subsp. carlinifolius (Lam.) Ces.]

Carduus carlinoides Gouan: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus chrysacanthus Ten.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [P 04384623 - Plantae Neapolitanae; P 04384627 - Plantae Neapolitanae (Italy)] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus crispus L.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [Beck 1890: 221, f. pallidiflora; Uhlich & al. 1995: 200, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Kreutz 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora; Zázvorka 2000: 498-499] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus defloratus L.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [Reichenbach fil. 1862: 92, sub O. Cardui, 96 sub O. platystigma; Saint-Lager 1883: 609, sub O. scabioshaerens; Kreutz 1995: 136; P 00598746 - hb. L. Rotereau] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus defloratus subsp. argemone (Pourr. ex Lam.) Ces. [≡ Carduus argemone Pourret ex Lam.; ≡ Carduus defloratus L. subsp. argemone (Pourr. ex Lam.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus defloratus subsp. carlinifolius (Lam.) Ces. [≡ Carduus carlinifolius Lam.]: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [P 04384626 - Plantae Neapolitanae (Italy)] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus marianus L. [vide Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.]

Carduus nutans L. [s.l.]: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carduus syriacus L. [vide Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass.]

Carduus tmoleus Boiss. [= Carduus armatus Boiss. & Heldr., non (Banks & Sol.) Steudel (1821); = Carduus tmoleus subsp. armatus Franco, nom. nov.]: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [Strid & Tan 1991: 271] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Carlina (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Carlina corymbosa L. [s.l.]: Orobanche balsensis (J.A. Guim.) Carlón, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor. & Ó. Sánchez (2015) [only on Carlina species]

Carpinus (Corylaceae)

Carpinus L. sp.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Azerbaijan (Piwowarczyk & Tatanov 2013: 27)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Carpinus betulus L. [= Carpinus caucasica Grossh.]: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77, sub O. laxissima); Russia, Adygea (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 196, sub O. laxissima)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]; Orobanche transcaucasica Tzvelev  (1958) [Georgia (Schneeweiss & al. 2004, sub O. transcaucasica; Carlón & al. 2005: 65, sub O. transcaucasica; Weiss-Schneeweiss & al. 2006: 153, 156, sub O. transcaucasica; WU: S&T 7890, WU: S&T7877, WU: S&T 7860)] [parasitic on shrubs (Anacardiaceae) and trees (Corylaceae)]

Carpinus caucasica Grossh. [vide Carpinus betulus L.]

Carpinus orientalis Mill.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Russia, Adygea (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 196, sub O. laxissima); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 1008938)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Castanopsis (Fagaceae)

Castanopsis sp.: Phacellanthus tubiflorus Siebold & Zucc. (1846) [CDBI 0130041, Sichuan (China)] [hostplant not well known, mentioned as parasite of various unrelated families (e.g., Araliaceae, Cornaceae,Fagaceae, Lauraceae, Hydrangeaceae, Magnoliaceae, Malvaceae [Tiliaceae], Moraceae, Oleaceae,Simaroubaceae, Solanaceae, Ulmaceae), but these would need to be verified again]

Caucalis (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Caucalis L.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Krim (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 103[98], sub O. versicolor)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Caucalis daucoides L. [vide Orlaya daucoides (L.) Greuter]

Caucalis grandiflora L. [vide Orlaya grandiflora (L.) Hoffm.]

Caucalis platycarpos L. [= Caucalis platycarpos subsp. muricata (Bisch.) Holub]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Romania (Matis Attila & al. 2014)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Caucalis pumila L. [vide Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande]

Caucalis platycarpos subsp. muricata (Bisch.) Holub [vide Caucalis platycarpos L.]

Centaurea (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Centaurea alpina L. [vide Rhaponticoides alpina (L.) M. V. Agab. & Greuter]

Centaurea aspera L. [aggr.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [France (Cosson 1848: 9; P 04385331; P 04384972 - Hb. E. Cosson; Pouzolz 1862: 149, sub O. major L.; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12593), Italy (Beck 1930: 248, sub O. major L.; Charpin & Salanon, 1985: 256, sub O. elatior)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]; Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]; Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea axillaris Willd., nom. illeg. [vide Centaurea triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Stef. & T. Georgiev]

Centaurea badensis Tratt. [vide Centaurea scabiosa subsp. badensis (Tratt.) Gugler]

Centaurea bimorpha Viv. [Centaurea dimorpha Viv.]: Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [Maire & Weiller 1938 (MPU - Maire); Jafri 1978] [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea cana Sm. [vide Centaurea triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Stef. & T. Georgiev]

Centaurea chrysocephala Phitos & T. Georgiadis: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Greece (Herb. Gutermann 35220)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea chrysolepis Vis. [≡ Centaurea orientalis subsp. chrysolepis (Vis.) Stoj. & Acht.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Beck 1930: 248] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea dealbata Willd. [vide Psephellus dealbatus (Willd.) K. Koch]

Centaurea declinata M. Bieb. [vide Psephellus declinatus (M. Bieb.) K. Koch]

Centaurea dimorpha Viv. [vide Centaurea bimorpha Viv.]

Centaurea eriocephala Boiss. [vide Centaurea bimorpha Viv.]

Centaurea fontanesii Durieu [vide C. sphaerocephala L.]

Centaurea fragilis Durieu: Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [Algeria (MPU 004860, P 04363860)] [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]

Centaurea glehnii Trautv. [vide Centaurea pseudoscabiosa subsp. glehnii (Trautv.) Wagenitz]

Centaurea hyssopifolia Vahl: Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]; Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea intybacea Lam. (vide Cheirolophus intybaceus (Lam.) Dostál)

Centaurea jacea L.: Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) [Czech Republic, Bohemia (Zázvorka 2010: 85), France (CLF 170200)] [usually on Centaurea scabiosa L., more rarely on other Centaurea species]; Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Zázvorka 2010: 83] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea kunkelii N. García: Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [Ivorra, pers. comm., 22 May 2010] [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea linaresii Lázaro Ibiza [vide Rhaponticoides linaresii (Lázaro Ibiza) M.V. Agab. & Greuter]

Centaurea macrocephala Willd.: Phelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Stapf (1915) [cultivated, casual? (Cullen 2010: 385)] [parasitic exclusively on Centaurea species (Compositae)]

Centaurea melitensis L.: Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea montana L. [≡ Cyanus montanus (L.) Hill]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Austria (Zázvorka 2010: 83)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea montana subsp. axillaris Čelak. [vide Centaurea triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Stef. & T. Georgiev]

Centaurea nigra L.: Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) [Britain (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 267)] [usually on Centaurea scabiosa L., more rarely on other Centaurea species]

Centaurea orientalis L. [≡ Colymbada orientalis (L.) Holub; = Centaurea rubescens DC.]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Krim (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/525148.html by Валентина Фатерыга [Valentina Fateryga])] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.] 

Centaurea orientalis subsp. chrysolepis (Vis.) Stoj. & Acht. [vide Centaurea chrysolepis Vis.]

Centaurea ornata Willd.: Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]; Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea paniculata L. [aggr.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Italy (P 04405595; Bertoloni 1846: 430, sub O. centaurina)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea pseudoscabiosa Boiss. & Buhse subsp. pseudoscabiosa [≡ Centaurea scabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa (Boiss. & Buhse) Mikheev]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 15)] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Centaurea pseudoscabiosa subsp. glehnii (Trautv.) Wagenitz [≡ Centaurea glehnii Trautv.; ≡ Colymbada glehnii (Trautv.) Holub]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [ Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 15)] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Centaurea pullata L.: Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]

Centaurea reflexa subsp. salonitana (Vis.) Mikheev [vide Centaurea salonitana Vis.]

Centaurea rubescens DC. [vide Centaurea orientalis L.]

Centaurea ruthenica Lam. [vide Rhaponticoides ruthenica (Lam.) M.V. Agab. & Greuter]

Centaurea sadleriana Janka [vide Centaurea scabiosa subsp. sadleriana (Janka) Asch. & Graebn.]

Centaurea salonitana Vis. [≡ Centaurea reflexa subsp. salonitana (Vis.) Mikheev]: Phelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Stapf (1915) [Greece (Kostas Zervos 2015)] [parasitic exclusively on Centaurea species (Compositae)]; Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) [Krim (Alexander Fateryga in Plantarium May 2016)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea scabiosa L.: Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) [usually on Centaurea scabiosa L., more rarely on other Centaurea species]; Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Austria (CLF 209731), Czech Republic (P 04405888; SLA 048413 - hb. Coste; Zázvorka 2010: 83), France (CLF 170270; P 04419092 - hb. Grenier), Romania (P 04384976.jpg - hb. E. Cosson; Schur 1866: 505, sub O. comosa Schur, non Wallr.)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]; Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Krim? (Stapf 1915: 294, sub P. foliata)] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Centaurea scabiosa subsp. badensis (Tratt.) Gugler  [≡ Centaurea badensis Tratt.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Beck 1930: 248] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea scabiosa subsp. grinensis (Reut.) Nyman [= Centaurea tenuifolia (Gaudin) Hayek]: Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) [Hess & al. 1972: 257 (Switzerland); Zázvorka 2010: 85] [usually on Centaurea scabiosa L., more rarely on other Centaurea species]

Centaurea scabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa (Boiss. & Buhse) Mikheev [vide Centaurea pseudoscabiosa Boiss. & Buhse subsp. pseudoscabiosa]

Centaurea scabiosa subsp. sadleriana (Janka) Asch. & Graebn. [≡ Centaurea sadleriana Janka]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Degen in Beck 1930: 248; Slovakia, Hungary (Zázvorka 2010: 83)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea scabiosa subsp. spinulosa (Spreng.) Arcang. [≡ Centaurea spinulosa Spreng.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [P 04406082 (Romania); Pančić in Beck 1930: 248] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea seridis L.: Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea sibirica L. [vide Psephellus sibiricus (L.) Wagenitz]

Centaurea sphaerocephala L. [= C. fontanesii Durieu]: Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]

Centaurea spinulosa Spreng. [vide Centaurea scabiosa subsp. spinulosa (Spreng.) Arcang.]

Centaurea stoebe L.: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Slovakia (Zázvorka 2010: 83)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea strictissima Boiss. & Buhse [vide Klasea coriacea (DC.) Holub]

Centaurea  ×subdecurrens Pau nothosubsp. albuferae (M.J. Costa) M.J. Costa, M.B. Crespo & Mateo [C. aspera L. subsp. stenophylla (Dufour) Nyman × C. seridis L.]: Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [Spain (Pujadas & Crespo 2004: 99)] [only on Centaurea species]

Centaurea tenuifolia (Gaudin) Hayek [vide Centaurea scabiosa subsp. grinensis (Reut.) Nyman]

Centaurea trinervia Willd. [vide Psephellus trinervius (Willd.) Wagenitz]

Centaurea triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Stef. & T. Georgiev [≡ Centaurea montana subsp. axillaris Čelak.; ≡ Centaurea axillaris Willd., nom. illeg.; ≡ Cyanus triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Štěpánek; = Centaurea cana Sm.; = Centaurea variegata Lam., nom. illeg.]: Phelipanche portoilicitana (A. Pujadas & M.B. Crespo) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [Bornmüller 1890, unconfirmed] [only on Centaurea species (s.l.)]; Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Beck 1930: 248; Bohemia, Moravia (Zázvorka 2010: 83)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centaurea variegata Lam., nom. illeg. [vide Centaurea triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Stef. & T. Georgiev]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Hayek in Beck 1930: 248] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Centranthus (Valerianaceae)

Centranthus calcitrapae (L.) Dufresne: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [very rarely; mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Cephalaria (Dipsacaceae)

Cephalaria gigantea (Ledeb.) Bobrov [≡ Scabiosa gigantea Ledeb.; = Cephalaria tatarica Roem. & Schult.]: Orobanche grossheimii Novopokr. (1949) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 75); Russia (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 107; Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 203; https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/526164.html by Dmitriy Bochkov 2017)] [exclusively on Cephalaria sp. (Asteraceae)]

Cephalaria tchihatchewii Boiss.: Orobanche grossheimii Novopokr. (1949) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 75)] [exclusively on Cephalaria sp. (Asteraceae)]

Cephalorrhynchus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cephalorrhynchus takhtadzhianii (Sosn.) Kirp. [vide Lactuca takhtadzhianii Sosn.]

Cervaria (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Cervaria rivini Gaertn. [vide Peucedanum cervaria Lapeyr. (1813)]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Chamaecytisus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Chamaecytisus austriacus (L.) Link [vide Cytisus austriacus L.]

Chamaecytisus hirsutus (L.) Link [vide Cytisus hirsutus L.]

Chamaemelum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Chamaemelum scariosum (Ball) Benedí [vide Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt]

Chamaespartium (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Chamaespartium sagittale (L.) P. E. Gibbs [≡ Genista sagittalis L.; Pterospartum sagittale (L.) Willk.; = Genista delphinensis Verl.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Vaucher 1827: 40; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 92; Beck 1890: 199] [only on Leguminosae species]

Cheirolophus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cheirolophus intybaceus (Lam.) Dostál (≡ Centaurea intybacea Lam.): Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [Tison & Foucault 2014 (France)] [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea s.l. (incl. Rhaponticoides and Cheirolophus) species]

Chenoleoides (Chenopodiaceae)

Chenoleoides tomentosa (Lowe) Botsch.: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]

Chenopodium (Chenopodiaceae)

Chenopodium fruticosum auct., non L. [vide Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel.]

Chrysanthemum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Chrysanthemum coronarium L. [vide Glebionis coronaria (L.) Spach]

Chrysanthemum myconis L. [vide Coleostephus myconis (L.) Rchb. fil.]

Chrysanthemum segetum L. [vide Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr.]

Chrysocoma (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Chrysocoma sericea L. fil. [vide Schizogyne sericea (L. fil.) Sch. Bip.]

Chrysopogon (Gramineae [Poaceae])

Chrysopogon hackelii (Hook. f.) C.E.C. Fisch. [Andropogon hackelii Hook. f.]: Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844) [Shivamurthy & Rajanna 1994; Ray & Dasgupta 2009, sub A. pedunculata] [on Poaceaespecies]

Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty [Andropogon muricatus Retz.; Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash]: Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844) [Roxburgh 1814; Ray & Dasgupta 2009, sub A. pedunculata] [on Poaceae species]

Cicer (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Cicer arietinum L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [f. Coutinho, 1913: 568; Feliachi & Aouali, 2005] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [cf. Román & al., 2007] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Cicerbita (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cicerbita cacaliifolia auct. [vide Prenanthes petiolata (K. Koch) Sennikov]

Cicerbita petiolata (K. Koch) Gagnidze [vide Prenanthes petiolata (K. Koch) Sennikov]

Cineraria (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cineraria maritima (L.) L. [vide Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden]

Cirsium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cirsium armatum Velen. [vide Cirsium ligulare subsp. armatum (Velen.) Petr.]

Cirsium arvense ( L. ) Scop.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [f. Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94, sub O. pallidiflora; Arvet-Touvet, 1871: 54, sub O. cirsii; Beck, 1890: 221, f. pallidiflora et f. procera; Tzvelev, 1981; Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 265; Uhlich & al., 1995: 201, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Kreutz, 1995: 124, sub O. pallidiflora; Zázvorka, 2000] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Cirsium chrysacanthum (Ball) Jahand. [≡ Cnicus chrysacanthus Ball; = Cnicus ornatus Ball]: Orobanche chrysacanthi Maire (1924) [usually on Cirsium chrysacanthum, more rarely on other Cirsium species]

Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop. [s.l.]: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Cirsium ligulare subsp. armatum (Velen.) Petr. [ Cirsium armatum Velen.]: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [f. Velenovský ex Beck, 1890: 221] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [f. Reichenbach fil., 1862: 95, sub O. Cirsii; Beck, 1890: 221 (Sendtner, Caspary); Uhlich & al., 1995: 201, sub O. reticulata subsp. pallidiflora; Zázvorka, 2000: 498] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & C.I. Blanche: Orobanche palaestina Reut. [Israel and Palestinian territories (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1; L 2817594); Lebanon (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78952657)] [only on Compositae species]

Citrullus (Cucurbitaceae)

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai [= Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.]: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [China (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998), Russia (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 61; MW 0514022)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. [vide Citrullus lanatus]

Cladanthus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt [≡ Santolina scariosa Ball; ≡ Chamaemelum scariosum (Ball) Benedí]: Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii (Maire) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Maire 1930]

Cleonia (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Cleonia lusitanica (L.) L. [≡ Prunella lusitanica L.]: Phelipanche lainzii J. Gómez Navarro, R. Roselló, J.B. Peris, A. Valdés & E. Sanchis (2012) [only on Cleonia lusitanica (L.) L.]

Clinopodium (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Clinopodium vulgare L. [≡ Acinos vulgaris (L.) Pers.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Europe (Pusch 2009: 41, sub O. alba)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Cnicus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cnicus chrysacanthus Ball [vide Cirsium chrysacanthum (Ball) Jahand.]

Cnicus ornatus Ball [vide Cirsium chrysacanthum (Ball) Jahand.]

Coleostephus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Coleostephus myconis (L.) Rchb. fil. [≡ Chrysanthemum myconis L.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France, Corsica (P 04384926 - hb. E. Cosson; P 04419102; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 45, 47, 73-74)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Spain (SALA 73249, unconfirmed)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Colobium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Colobium hispidum Roth [vide Leontodon saxatilis subsp. rothii Maire]

Colymbada (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Colymbada glehnii (Trautv.) Holub [vide Centaurea pseudoscabiosa subsp. glehnii (Trautv.) Wagenitz]

Colymbada orientalis (L.) Holub [vide Centaurea orientalis L.]

Conium (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Conium maculatum L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Algeria (MPU 191717 - hb. Battandier - hb. Maire; P 02986957 - hb. E.G. Camus, Battandier; Battandier 1890: 658), Corsica, France (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae)

Convolvulus tricolor L.: Orobanche mauretanica Beck (1890) [Coutinho 1913: 569] [mostly on Compositae, more rarely on other families (e.g., Convolvulaceae)]

Cornus (Cornaceae)

Cornus mas L.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Russia, Adygea (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 196)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Coronilla (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Coronilla emerus L. [vide Emerus major Mill.]

Coronilla juncea L.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Uhlich & al. 1995: 191; Spain (Serra Laliga 2007: 787)] [only on Leguminosae species]

Coronilla minima L.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Coronilla scorpioides (L.) Koch: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [France (P 04385008 - hb. E. Cosson); Spain (herb. Patallo; MA 882987, ALBA 7955, J. Gómez 3097)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Cotinus (Anacardiaceae)

Cotinus coggygria Scop.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Russia, Krasnodar Krai (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/613030.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2019)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)] 

Cremnophyton (Chenopodiaceae)

Cremnophyton canum (C.A.Mey.) G.L. Chu [vide Atriplex cana C.A. Mey.]

Crepis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Crepis andryaloides Lowe [vide Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides (Lowe) Babc.]

Crepis barbata L. [vide Tolpis barbata (L.) Gaertn]

Crepis bellidifolia Loisel.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis bourgeaui Babc. [vide Crepis erythia Pau]

Crepis canariensis (Sch. Bip.) Babc.: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr. [= C. virens L., nom. illeg.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271); Spain (P 00072211 - hb. E. Bourgeau; Laínz 1955: 125); Wales (Hipkin 1992: 116, sub O. minor)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis erythia Pau [≡ C. vesicaria subsp. erythia (Pau) Maire; = C. bourgeaui Babc.; = C. fontiana Maire]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13481; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13486)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis fontiana Maire [vide Crepis erythia Pau]

Crepis leontodontoides All.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis sulphurea Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France (P 04405899)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis taraxacifolia Thuill. [vide Crepis vesicaria subsp. taraxacifolia (Thuill.) Thell. ex Schinz & R. Keller]

Crepis vesicaria L. [aggr.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides (Lowe) Babc. [Crepis andryaloides Lowe]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Madeira (G. Moreno Moral, 10.07.2014)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crepis vesicaria subsp. erythia (Pau) Maire [vide Crepis erythia Pau]

Crepis vesicaria subsp. taraxacifolia (Thuill.) Thell. ex Schinz & R. Keller [= Crepis vesicaria L. subsp. haenseleri (Boiss. ex DC.) P.D. Sell]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12573; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13656; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13423)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [LEB 12187, unconfirmed] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Crepis virens L., nom. illeg. [vide Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.]

Crepis virgata Desf. [vide Tolpis virgata (Desf.) Bertol.]

Crithmum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Crithmum maritimum L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France (Vaucher 1827: 59; P 04406375; Loret 1875: 49; Greuter & al. 1989: 261; Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 45, 48, 100); Italy (Vaucher 1827: 59); Spain (J.M. Rodríguez Berdasco 2013)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Crithmum pyrenaicum L. (1753) [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Crucianella (Rubiaceae)

Crucianella glomerata M. Bieb. [vide Asperula glomerata (M. Bieb.) Griseb.]

Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae)

Cucumis melo L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Afghanistan (WAG 1141130), China (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub O. aegyptiaca), Egypt (Walpers 1844-45: 459, sub O. Delilii), Iran (WAG 1141129), Uzbekistan (P 02982347 - hb. Al. de Bunge; Bunge 1851: 429, sub Phelypaea indica G. Don)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Cucumis sativus L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [China (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub O. aegyptiaca), Iran (K 000061348 - Haussknecht. Iter orientale 1867; P 02982298 - Haussknecht. Iter orientale 1867; P 02982345 - Haussknecht. Iter orientale 1867), Russia (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 61; MW 0514022), Turkey (SAV 0003276 - Nábělek 746)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Cyanus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Cyanus montanus (L.) Hill [vide Centaurea montana L.]]

Cyanus triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Štěpánek [vide Centaurea triumfettii subsp. axillaris (Čelak.) Stef. & T. Georgiev]

Cytisanthus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Cytisanthus aetnensis (Biv.) Cristof. & Feoli [vide Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC.]

Cytisus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Cytisus albus (Lam.) Link, nom. illeg. [vide Cytisus multiflorus L.]

Cytisus arboreus subsp. catalaunicus (Webb) Maire [= Sarothamnus catalaunicus Webb]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Cadevall 1932: 301; Cadevall ex A. Bolňs 1950: 488; Montserrat 1957: 349; Pujadas 2002: 428] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus argenteus L. [vide Argyrolobium zanonii (Turra) P.W. Ball

Cytisus austriacus L. [≡ Chamaecytisus austriacus (L.) Link; = Cytisus danubialis Velen.; = Cytisus pindicola Halácsy]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 199, "sec. A. Kerner"; Beck 1930: 280] [only on Leguminosae species]

Cytisus balansae var. europaeus G. López & C.E. Jarvis [vidi Cytisus oromediterraneus Rivas Mart., T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas]

Cytisus candicans (L.) Lam. [vide Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch]

Cytisus danubialis Velen. [vide Cytisus austriacus L.]

Cytisus grandiflorus (Brot.) DC. subsp. grandiflorus (Brot.) DC. [= Sarothamnus grandiflorus (Brot.) Webb]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [R. da Cunha ex Guimarăes 1904: 99; R. da Cunha ex Beck, 1930: 281] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [J. Henriques ex Guimarăes 1904: 91] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus hirsutus L. [≡ Chamaecytisus hirsutus (L.) Link]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 199, "sec. Maly"; Beck 1930: 280] [only on Leguminosae species]

Cytisus infestus (C. Presl) Guss. [vide Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss.]

Cytisus infestus subsp. intermedius (C. Presl) Cristof. & Troěa [vide Calicotome intermedia C. Presl]

Cytisus lanigerus (Desf.) DC. [vide Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link]

Cytisus linifolius (L.) Lam. [vide Genista linifolia L.]

Cytisus monspessulanus L. [vide Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch]

Cytisus multiflorus (L' Hér.) Sweet [≡ Spartium multiflorum L' Hér.; = Cytisus albus (Lam.) Link, nom. illeg.]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus oromediterraneus Rivas Mart., T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus pindicola Halácsy [vide Cytisus austriacus L.]

Cytisus purgans (L.) Boiss. [vide Genista scorpius (L.) DC.]

Cytisus purgans var. grandiflorus Debeaux & É. Rev. (in sched., nom. nud.) [vidi Cytisus oromediterraneus Rivas Mart., T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas]

Cytisus radiatus Koch [vide Genista radiata (L.) Scop.]

Cytisus reverchonii (Degen & Hervier) Bean [vide Cytisus scoparius subsp.reverchonii (Degen & Hervier) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.]

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link subsp. scoparius [≡ Spartium scoparium L.; ≡ Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) W.D.J. Koch; ≡ Genista scoparia (L.) Lam.; = Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm.]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Bertoloni 1846: 427, sub O. major ("Etruria [Italy]"); hb. García Martínez 8447 (Spain)] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]; Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Beck, 1890: 203] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus scoparius subsp. maritimus (Rouy) Heywood [≡ Genista scoparia var. maritima Rouy; ≡ Sarothamnus scoparius subsp. maritimus (Rouy) Ulbr.]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Rumsey & Jury 1991: 263] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus scoparius subsp. reverchonii (Degen & Hervier) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart. [= Cytisus reverchonii (Degen & Hervier) Bean]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Pujadas 2002: 428] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus segonnei (Maire) Maire [vide Genista segonnei (Maire) P.E. Gibbs]

Cytisus striatus (Hill) Rothm. [= Sarothamnus welwitschii Boiss. & Reut.]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Merino ex Beck 1930: 275; hb. García Martínez 17.04.1981] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus tinctoria (L.) Vis. [vide Genista tinctoria L.]

Cytisus triflorus L'Hér [vide Cytisus villosus Pourr.]

Cytisus villosus Pourr. [= Cytisus triflorus L'Hér.; = Genista triflora Rouy]: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [. MPU 002986 - hb. Maire (Algeria)] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Maire 1935: 220; Battandier 1890: 661] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]; Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Gussone 1828-32: 183; WU 34312 - Kerner 00042; Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Cytisus zanonii Turra [vide Argyrolobium zanonii (Turra) P.W. Ball]

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Datura (Solanaceae)

Datura metel L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [ India (Dagar 1980: 626, sub O. aegyptiaca)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Daucus (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Daucus brachylobus Boiss. [vide Daucus setifolius Desf.]

Daucus carota L. [s.l.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Daucus carota subsp. gummifer (Syme) Hook. fil.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Daucus carota subsp. hispanicus (Gouan) Thell.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Daucus gummifer Lam., nom. illeg. [vide Daucus carota subsp. hispanicus (Gouan) Thell.]

Daucus hispanicus Gouan [vide Daucus carota subsp. hispanicus (Gouan) Thell.]

Daucus minusculus Pau [vide Pseudorlaya minuscula (Pau ex Font Quer) M. Laínz]

Daucus muricatus (L.) L. [≡ Artedia muricata L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Morocco (MPU 191710 - hb. Maire); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11750)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Daucus pumilus (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link [vide Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande]

Daucus setifolius Desf. [= Daucus brachylobus Boiss.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Boissier 1841: 475] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Digitalis (Scrophulariaceae)

Digitalis purpurea L.: Orobanche castellana Reut. (1847) [on Digitalis species and perhaps other genera as well]

Digitalis thapsi L.: Orobanche castellana Reut. (1847) [on Digitalis species and perhaps other genera as well]

Dipsacus (Dipsacaceae)

Dipsacus fullonum L. [= Dipsacus sylvestris Huds.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France (P 04384916; Chantelat 1844)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Dipsacus fullonum subsp. sylvestris (Huds.) P. Fourn. [vide Dipsacus fullonum L.]

Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. [vide Dipsacus fullonum L.]

Distichoselinum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Distichoselinum tenuifolium (Lag.) García Martín & Silvestre [≡ Thapsia tenuifola Lag.]: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja herb 14060)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Dorycnium (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Dorycnium pentaphyllum Scop.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. herbaceum (Vill.) Bonnier & Layens: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Reichenbach 1829: 36; Uhlich & al. 1995: 191] [only on Leguminosae species]

Dorycnium herbaceum Vill. [vide Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. herbaceum (Vill.) Bonnier & Layens]

Draba (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Draba spinosa (L.) Lam. [vide Hormathophylla spinosa (L.) P. Küpfer]

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Echinophora (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Echinophora spinosa L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France (P 04406376)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Echinops (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Echinops ritro L. subsp. ritro: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [France (CLF 170273; MPU 339619; Companyo 1864: 514, sub O. ritro; P 04406078), Italy (FI; CLU n. 13256); Russia (PE 01476038), Krim (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/119576.html by Павел Евсеенков [Pavel Evseenkov]), Serbia (Neilreich 1867: 97)] [exclusively on Centaurea and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus (M. Bieb.) Nyman [≡ Echinops ruthenicus M. Bieb.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [exclusively on Centaurea and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Echinops ruthenicus M. Bieb. [vide Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus (M. Bieb.) Nyman]

Echinospartum (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Echinospartum boissieri (Spach) Rothm.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Echium (Boraginaceae)

Echium plantagineum L.: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [exceptionally] [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Elaeoselinum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Elaeoselinum asclepium subsp. asclepium (L.) Bertol. [= Elaeoselinum meoides var. hispanicum Lange]: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Spain (Serra Laliga 2007: 793)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Elaeoselinum asclepium subsp. meoides (Desf.) Fiori [≡ Elaeoselinum meoides (Desf.) DC.; ≡ Laserpitium meoides Desf.]: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Algeria (Battandier - MPU 090186)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Elaeoselinum tenuifolium (Lag.) Lange [vide Distichoselinum tenuifolium (Lag.) García Martín & Silvestre]

Eleutherococcus (Araliaceae)

Eleutherococcus wardii (W.W. Sm.) S.Y. Hu [≡ Acanthopanax wardii W.W. Sm.]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Garden weed. Europe: Botan. Garten Dresden (Uhlich & al. 1995: 116)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Emerus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Emerus major Mill. [≡ Coronilla emerus L.; Hippocrepis emerus (L.) Lassen subsp. emerus]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Erinacea (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Erinacea anthyllis Link: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Spain (Serra Laliga 2007: 787)] [only on Leguminosae species]

Erinacea pungens Boiss., nom. illeg. [vide Erinacea anthyllis Link]

Eriodictyon (Boraginaceae)

Eriodictyon crassifolium Benth.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848) [ARIZ 228487 - SEINet] [usually on Artemisia species, sometimes on other species]

Eriophyllum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Eriophyllum staechadifolium Lag.: Aphyllon robbinsii (Heckard ex Colwell & Yatsk.) A.C. Schneid. (2016) [Colwell & Yatskievych 2016] [only on Eriophyllum staechadifolium, but it was sometime mentioned on other host-plants]

Erodium (Geraniaceae)

Erodium malacoides (L.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium malacoides L.]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13847)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Erophaca (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Erophaca baetica (L.) Boiss. [≡ Phaca baetica L.; = Astragalus lusitanicus Lam.]: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Ervilia (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Ervilia sativa Link [vide Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.]

Ervum (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Ervum ervilia L. [vide Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.]

Ervum lens L. [vide Lens culinaris Medik.]

Eryngium (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Eryngium billardierei F. Delaroche [= Eryngium nigromontanum Boiss. & Buhse]: Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 35); Israel (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73329832 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3124509390 by Ron Frumkin, accessed Sep 2022)] [only on Eryngium sp.]

Eryngium bourgatii Gouan: Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799) [usually on Eryngium campestre L., sometimes on other Eryngium species]

Eryngium campestre L.: Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799) [usually on Eryngium campestre L., sometimes on other Eryngium species]; Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (LE, ERE, ERCB, Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 35); Azerbaijan (Rätzel & al. 2013: 243); Turkey (P. Coulot's sheet; habit; Coulot & al. 2008: 221 photo 13, 226, sub P. heldreichii; Coulot & al. 2013: 277, sub P. heldreichii)] [only on Eryngium sp.]

Eryngium maritimum L.: Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799) [usually on Eryngium campestre L., sometimes on other Eryngium species]; Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [England (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 231, BM 013848256); France (P 04243564, P 04441474); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12543, 12544, 12545, 12576)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Eryngium nigromontanum Boiss. & Buhse [vide Eryngium billardierei F. Delaroche]

Eryngium variifolium Coss. [= E. tricuspidatum L., aggr.]: Orobanche amethystea Thuill. (1799) [Morocco (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 698)] [usually on Eryngium campestre L., sometimes on other Eryngium species]

Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)

Euphorbia biglandulosa Desf. (1808) [vide E. rigida M. Bieb. (1808)]

Euphorbia cyparissias L.: Orobanche esulae Pančić (1884) [Stoyanov 2009: 354-355] ["The reported hosts are Euphorbia" (Stoyanov 2009: 355)]

Euphorbia esula L.: Orobanche esulae Pančić (1884) [Beck 1890: 237; Beck 1930: 182; Stojanov & Stefanov 1948; Stojanov & al. 1967; Stoyanov 2009: 354-355] ["The reported hosts are Euphorbia" (Stoyanov 2009: 354-355)]

Euphorbia esuloides Ten.: Orobanche esulae Pančić (1884) [Stojanov & Stefanov 1948; Stojanov & al. 1967; Stoyanov 2009: 354-355] ["The reported hosts are Euphorbia" (Stoyanov 2009: 354-355)]

Euphorbia myrsinites L.: Orobanche esulae Pančić (1884) [Stoyanov 2009: 354-355] ["The reported hosts are Euphorbia" (Stoyanov 2009: 355)]

Euphorbia niciciana Borbás ex Novák: Orobanche esulae Pančić (1884) [Stoyanov 2009: 354-355] ["The reported hosts are Euphorbia" (Stoyanov 2009: 355)]

Euphorbia rigida M. Bieb. (1808) [= E. biglandulosa Desf. (1808)]: Phelipanche schultzioides M.J.Y. Foley (2008) [only on Urticaceae (Urtica dioica L.) and Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbia rigida M. Bieb. [= E. biglandulosa Desf.]) sec. M.J.Y. Foley. Natural History (online)]

Euphorbia seguierana Neck: Orobanche esulae Pančić (1884) [Stoyanov 2009: 354-355] ["The reported hosts are Euphorbia" (Stoyanov 2009: 355)]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Faba (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Faba sativa Bernh. [vide Vicia faba L.]

Faba vulgaris Moench [vide Vicia faba L.]

Fagus (Fagaceae)

Fagus L. sp.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Russia, Dagestan (MW 1005596)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.: Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818) [Schneider & al. 2016] [only on Fagus grandifolia]

Fagus orientalis Lipsky (Fagaceae): Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Caucasus (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)] 

Fatsia (Araliaceae)

Fatsia japonica (Thunb.) Decne. & Planch. [≡ Aralia japonica Thunb.]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Garden weed (Coutinho 1913: 569; Beck 1930: 220; P 00598694; NY 02680309)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Fatsia papyrifera (Hook.) Miq. ex Witte [vide Tetrapanax papyrifer (Hook.) K. Koch]

Ferula (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Ferula aitchisonii Koso-Pol. [vide Ferula karatavica Regel & Schmalh.]

Ferula communis L.: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Algeria (MPU 090173; MPU 090175; P 04363445, P 04409193); Italy, Sicily (TSB 77160); Morocco (MPU 090189); Spain (Ivorra comm. pers. 2009, herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13691)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula kaschkarovii Korovin [vide Ferula penninervis Regel & Schmalh.]

Ferula karatavica Regel & Schmalh. [= Ferula aitchisonii Koso-Pol.]: Orobanche gigantea (Beck) Gontsch. (1933) [Kazakhstan (MW 0878101)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula kopetdagensis Korovin [vide Ferula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss.]

Ferula linkii Webb: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Spain, Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12806, 12809, 12814, 12816, 12817)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula nodiflora L.: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Italy, Sardinia (Moris 1840, P 04384655 - hb. E. Cosson)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula olgae Regel & Schmalh. [vide Ferula penninervis Regel & Schmalh.]

Ferula orientalis L. [≡ Peucedanum orientale (L.) Boiss.; = Ferula schlechtendalii Boiss.]: Orobanche kotschyi Reut. (1847) [Iran (Beck 1910: 159)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss. [≡ Peucedanum ovinum (Boiss.) Boiss.; = Ferula kopetdagensis Korovin]: Orobanche gigantea (Beck) Gontsch. (1933) [Kyrgyzstan (C 543612)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula penninervis Regel & Schmalh. [= Ferula kaschkarovii Korovin; = Ferula olgae Regel & Schmalh.]: Orobanche gigantea (Beck) Gontsch. (1933) [Kazakhstan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/651867.html by Александр Эбель [Aleksandr L. Ebel] 2020)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula schair I.G. Borshch. [vide Ferula varia (Schrenk) Trautv.]

Ferula schlechtendalii Boiss. [vide Ferula orientalis L.]

Ferula tenuisecta Korovin ex Pavlov: Orobanche gigantea (Beck) Gontsch. (1933) [Kazakhstan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/448595.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2016)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula tingitana L.: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Schultz 1844; Algeria (P 02970658)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Ferula varia (Schrenk) Trautv. [= Ferula schair I.G. Borshch.; Peucedanum shair (I.G. Borshch.) Baill.]: Orobanche kotschyi Reut. (1847) [Kazakhstan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/445731.html and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/630713.htmll by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2019)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Fraxinus (Oleaceae)

Fraxinus excelsior L. (Oleaceae): Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Azerbaijan (Rätzel & al. 2013: 242-243); Russia, Adygea (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 196)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Fraxinus pallisiae Wilmott. (Oleaceae): Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2020)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Galactites (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Galactites tomentosa Moench [= Galactites elegans (All.) Soldano]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Algeria (Pomel 1874: 109, Battandier 1890: 662); France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12546, herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12549)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Italy (Domina, Marino & Castellano 2011: 227)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Galactites elegans (All.) Soldano [vide Galactites tomentosa Moench]

Galium (Rubiaceae)

Galium album Mill. [≡ Galium mollugo subsp. album (Mill.) Tzvelev; = G. erectum Huds. (1762) non (1778); = G. mollugo subsp. erectum Syme]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Bulgaria (SOM 15856 (Stoyanov 2020: 87, sub O. caryophyllacea)); France (Vaucher 1827: 55, sub O. du Galium Mollugo; Grenier 1853: 632, sub O. galii [Vaucher ex] Gren.; Cosson & Germain 1861: 380, sub O. Galii; Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea, s. Martin; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea; MPU 507077)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium aparine L.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [France (Cosson & Germain 1861: 380, sub O. Galii); Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Corsica Island, France (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 102); Portugal (Guimarăes 1904; Beck 1930: 71)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Galium aristatum auct. [vide G. schultesii Vest]

Galium bolanderi A. Gray: Aphyllon epigalium Colwell & A.C.Schneid. (2017) [only on Galium species]

Galium boreale L.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Germany (Sendtner 1854: 836, sec. Caflisch, sub O. Galii; Beck 1890: 160, "s. Caflisch", sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, "f. Caflisch", sub O. caryophyllacea)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium corrudaefolium Vill. [≡ G. lucidum subsp. corrudifolium (Vill.) Bonnier]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium elatum Thuill. [vide Galium mollugo L.]

Galium erectum Huds. (1762) non (1778) [vide G. album Mill.]

Galium fruticescens Cav. [vide Galium lucidum subsp. fruticescens (Cav.) O. Bolňs & J. Vigo]

Galium galioides (M. Bieb.) Soó [vide Asperula galioides M. Bieb.]

Galium glaucum L. [= Asperula galioides M. Bieb.; = Asperula glauca (L.) Bess.]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Czech Republic (Beck 1930: 227, "f. Missbach", sub O. caryophyllacea; Uhlich & al. 1995: 196; Zázvorka 2000: 502; Pusch 2009: 65, sub O. caryophyllacea); France (Noulet 1837: 483, sub O. major Poll.)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium intermedium Schult. [= Galium schultesii Vest]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Carpathian Mountains (Beck 1930: 227, "(f. Sagorski, Fl. carp. II. [1891] 424)", sub O. caryophyllacea)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium lucidum All.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea; Italy (Domina & Colombo 2005: 100, sub O. caryophyllacea)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium lucidum subsp. fruticescens (Cav.) O. Bolňs & J. Vigo [= G. fruticescens Cav.]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12141)] [only on Rubiaceae species]; Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [Spain (Gómez & al. 2017)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium mollugo L. [aggr.]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 266, sub O. caryophyllacea; https://www.brc.ac.uk/plantatlas/plant/orobanche-caryophyllacea); France (Vaucher 1827: 55, sub O. du Galium Mollugo; Duby 1828: 350, sub O. Galii; Schultz 1830: 505; Noulet 1837: 483, sub O. major Poll.; Cosson & Germain 1861: 380, sub O. Galii; Beck 1930: 227, "G. molle Gilib. (f. A. Lendner in Bull. herb. Boissier 2. ser. II. [1902] 652)", sub O. caryophyllacea; PE 01463727); Germany (Sendtner 1854: 836, sub O. Galii); Romania (Wierzbicki 1845: 324, sub O. alba Rchb.; Wierzbicki 1845: 324, sub O. pallidiflora W. et Gr.)] [only on Rubiaceae species]; Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium mollugo subsp. album (Mill.) Tzvelev [vide G. album Mill.]

Galium mollugo subsp. erectum Syme [vide G. album Mill.]

Galium mollugo subsp. fruticescens (Cav.) A. Bolňs & O. Bolňs [vide Galium lucidum subsp. fruticescens (Cav.) O. Bolňs & J. Vigo]

Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. [≡ Asperula odorata L.]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Uhlich & al. 1995: 196; Zázvorka 2000: 502; Pusch 2009: 65, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium pumilum Murr. [= G. silvestre Pollich]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [France (Cosson & Germain 1861: 380, sub O. Galii)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium purpureum L. [≡ Asperula purpurea (L.) Ehrend.]

Galium schultesii Vest [= G. aristatum auct.]: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Uhlich & al. 1995: 196; Zázvorka 2000: 502] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium silvestre Pollich [vide Gallium pumilum Murr.]

Galium sylvaticum L.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea; Uhlich & al. 1995: 196; Zázvorka 2000: 502; Pusch 2009: 65, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium sylvaticum subsp. aristatum (L.) Rouy [vide Galium aristatum L.]

Galium tunetanum Lam.: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [Battandier 1890: 661; P 04363842; P 03428453] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium verrucosum Huds.: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [Spain (Sagredo 1987: 421 f. 2161)] [only on Rubiaceae species]

Galium verum L.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Armenia (MW 0723433); Bulgaria ((KS) SOA 56351 (Stoyanov 2020: 87, sub O. caryophyllacea)); England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 266, sub O. caryophyllacea; https://www.brc.ac.uk/plantatlas/plant/orobanche-caryophyllacea); France (Schultz 1830: 505, O. bipontina; Cosson & Germain 1861: 380, sub O. Galii; Bentham 1926: 109, sub O. incurva); Germany (Schultz 1830: 505, sub O. bipontina; Dietrich 1835: t. 147, sub O. tubiflora; Sendtner 1854: 836, sub O. Galii; Iran (Bornmüller 1904: 681, sub O. caryophyllacea); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 05699; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10612; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12264); Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]; Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [only on Rubiaceae species]

Genista (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Genista acanthoclada DC.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 199] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC. [≡ Spartium aetnense Biv.; Cytisanthus aetnensis (Biv.) Cristof. & Feoli]: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 128, Sardegna / Cerdeńa] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Genista cinerea (Vill.) DC. [≡ Spartium cinereum Vill.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Vaucher 1827: 41; Beck 1890: 199, "sec. Vaucher"] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC.: Orobanche rigens Loisel. (1807) [Moris ex Beck 1930: 275; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101] [only on Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC. et Genista salzmannii DC.]

Genista decumbens (Durande) Willd. [vide Genista pilosa L.]

Genista delphinensis Verl. [vide Chamaespartium sagittale (L.) P. E. Gibbs]

Genista falcata Brot.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [R. da Cunha ex Guimarăes 1904: 99; Domingues de Almeida 2003: 62] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista florida L.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Genista germanica L. [= Genista spinosa Gilib.; = Genista heterocantha Schloss. & Vuk.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. Vaucher, 1827: 39; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 92] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista hispanica L. subsp. occidentalis Rouy: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista infesta (C. Presl) G. Don [vide Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss.]

Genista juncea (L.) Scop. [vide Spartium junceum L.]

Genista legionensis (Pau) M. Laínz: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista linifolia L. [≡ Cytisus linifolius (L.) Lam.; ≡ Teline linifolia (L.) Webb & Berthel.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. P 02983081; P 02983082] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista monspessulana (L.) L.A.S. Johnson [vide Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch]

Genista ovata Waldst. & Kit. [vide Genista tinctoria L.]

Genista pilosa L. [≡ Spartium pilosum (L.) Roth; = Genista repens Lam.; = Genista decumbens (Durande) Willd.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. Beck, 1890: 199] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista purgans L. [vide Genista scorpius (L.) DC.]

Genista purgans var. brachycarpa Rouy [vidi Cytisus oromediterraneus Rivas Mart., T.E. Díaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas]

Genista radiata (L.) Scop. [≡ Spartium radiatum L.; = Cytisus radiatus Koch]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. Pančić ex Beck, 1890: 199] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista repens Lam. [vide Genista pilosa L.]

Genista sagittalis L. [vide Chamaespartium sagittale (L.) P. E. Gibbs]

Genista salzmannii DC.: Orobanche rigens Loisel. (1807) [sec. C. Habashi & D. Jeanmonod, 2008: 101 (Corse)] [only on Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC. et Genista salzmannii DC.]

Genista scoparia (L.) Lam. [vide Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link]

Genista scoparia var. maritima Rouy [vide Cytisus scoparius subsp. maritimus (Rouy) Heywood]

Genista scorpius (L.) DC. [≡ Spartium scorpius L.; = Cytisus purgans (L.) Boiss.; = Sarothamnus purgans (L.) Fourr.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [f. Cosson & Germain, 1845: 308; Grenier, 1852-1853: 629; Beck, 1890: 190; Pujadas, 2002: 428] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Genista segonnei (Maire) P.E. Gibbs [≡ Cytisus segonnei (Maire) Maire; Adenocarpus segonnei Maire]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. P 04363850] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista spinosa Gilib. [vide Genista germanica L.]

Genista sulcitana Vals.: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [f. Domina & Arrigoni, 2007: 128, Sardegna / Cerdeńa] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Genista terniflora Lag. [vide Anthyllis terniflora (Lag.) Pau]

Genista tinctoria L. [≡ Cytisus tinctoria (L.) Vis.; = Genista ovata Waldst. & Kit.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. Vaucher, 1827: 37; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 92; Pančić ex Beck, 1890: 199] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [f. Reichenbach, 1831-32: 355, sub O. major; Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 263 "Stevens, BM"] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Genista triacanthos Brot. [= Genista scorpioides Spach; = Genista winkleri Lange]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. Beck, 1890: 199; R. da Cunha, Welwitsch, Daveau et J. Brandeiro ex Guimarăes, 1904: 98, 100, 101; Domingues de Almeida, 2003: 62] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista tridentata L. [≡ Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [R. da Cunha ex Guimarăes 1904: 99] [only on Leguminosae species]

Genista triflora Rouy [vide Cytisus villosus Pourr.]

Genista valsecchiae Brullo & G. De Marco: Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Geranium (Geraniaceae)

Geranium grandiflorum Andrews [vide Pelargonium grandiflorum (Andrews) Willd.]

Geranium graveolens Thunb. [vide Pelargonium graveolens (Thunb.) L'Hér.]

Geranium gymnocaulon DC.: Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847) [Russia, Karachay-Cherkessia (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/526163.html by Дмитрий Бочков [Dmitriy Bochkov] 2017); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 0723477)] [apparently parasitic exclusively on species of Geranium L. (Geraniaceae), but it has also been mentioned as a parasite of Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn (Lamiaceae)]

Geranium ibericum Cav.: Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847) [Georgia, South Ossetia (W 1941 0003773); Turkey (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 193, sub O. gamosepala)] [apparently parasitic exclusively on species of Geranium L. (Geraniaceae), but it has also been mentioned as a parasite of Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn (Lamiaceae)]

Geranium inquinans L. [vide Pelargonium inquinans (L.) L'Hér.]

Geranium lucidum L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Greece, Rhodes (Rätzel & al. 2017: 674, 675, Abb. 24); Portugal (Guimarăes 1904); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12538)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Geranium malacoides L. [vide Erodium malacoides (L.) L'Hér.]

Geranium rotundifolium L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [France (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13305); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12535, 12537 et 12538), unconfirmed] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Geranium sanguineum L.: Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847) [Russia, Karachay-Cherkessia (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/189730.html by Сергей Банкетов [Sergey Banquetov] 2013; MW 0723482)] [apparently parasitic exclusively on species of Geranium L. (Geraniaceae), but it has also been mentioned as a parasite of Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn (Lamiaceae)]

Geranium sylvaticum L.: Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847) [Russia, Adygea (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 193, sub O. gamosepala)] [apparently parasitic exclusively on species of Geranium L. (Geraniaceae), but it has also been mentioned as a parasite of Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn (Lamiaceae)]

Geranium sp. [of garden origen]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [sec. Gillot in Beck 1890: 227; Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Geranium zonale L. [vide Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér.]

Glebionis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Glebionis coronaria (L.) Spach [≡ Chrysanthemum coronarium L.; ≡ Pinardia coronaria (L.) Less.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Cyprus (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/648786.html and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/648787.html by Роланд Цандекидис [Roland Tsantekidis] 2020); Greece (Beck 1930: 184 "Rhodos [Rhodes]: auf Pinardia coronaria Less. (Pichler!)"); Italy (Bertoloni 1846: 442, sub O. canescens, "Sicilia"; Reuter 1847: 27, sub O. pubescens); Malta (sec. S. Mifsud, pers. comm., 28 Apr 2010)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr. [≡ Chrysanthemum segetum L.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [France (Jauzein 1995 "vignobles des Albčres"; V. Noble, pers. comm., "16.04.2006 ... Cap Béart"); Spain (Pavon & Buisson 2017: 49, sub O. pubescens)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Glechoma (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Glechoma trautvetteri (Boiss. & Buhse) Kuntze [vide Nepeta trautvetteri Boiss. & Buhse]

Glycyrrhiza (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Glycyrrhiza glabra L. [≡ Glycyrrhiza glandulifera Waldst. & Kit.]: Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888) [Iran (B 10 0264821; B 10 0264816; Bornmüller 1904: 686)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.) and Fabaceae]

Glycyrrhiza glandulifera Waldst. & Kit. [vide Glycyrrhiza glabra L.]

Gnaphalium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Gnaphalium angustifolium Lam. [vide Helichrysum litoreum Guss.]

Gnaphalium barrelieri Ten. [vide Helichrysum stoechas subsp. barrelieri (Ten.) Nyman]

Gnaphalium conglobatum Viv. [vide Helichrysum stoechas subsp. barrelieri (Ten.) Nyman]

Gnaphalium microphyllum Willd. [vide Helichrysum italicum subsp. microphyllum (Willd.) Nym.]

Gnaphalium pendulum C. Presl [vide Helichrysum pendulum (C. Presl) C. Presl]

Gnaphalium stoechas L. [vide Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench]

Gossypium (Malvaceae)

Gossypium herbaceum L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Iraq (P 02982292 - Haussknecht Iter Syriaco - Armeniacum 1868), Turkmenistan (P 02982858 - P. Sintenis: Iter transcaspico - persicum 1900; Beck 1930: 83, sub O. aegyptiaca)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Grindelia (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Grindelia hirsutula Hook. & Arn. [Grindelia stricta DC.]: Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray (1876) [f. Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016] [only on Grindelia species]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Halimione (Chenopodiaceae)

Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen [≡ Atriplex portulacoides L.; ≡ Obione portulacoides (L.) Moq.]: Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. subsp. phelypaea (1913) [f. (Guimarăes; J. Brandeiro ex) Guimarăes, 1904: 192; Laínz, 1968: 24] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Halimione verrucifera (M. Bieb.) Aellen [≡ Atriplex verrucifera M. Bieb.]: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [f. Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Halostachys (Chenopodiaceae)

Halostachys belangeriana (Moq.) Botsch. [≡ Arthrocnemum belangerianum Moq.; Salicornia caspica Pall.]: Cistanche armena (K. Koch) M.V. Agab. (2013) [f. Aghababyan, 2013: 137] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae shrubs, in Armenia observed on Alhagi maurorum Medik. (Fabaceae)]

Haloxylon (Chenopodiaceae)

Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge [≡ Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.]: Cistanche deserticola Ma (1960) [cf. CVH (69: 87), accessed Oct 2013] [only on Haloxylon species]

Haloxylon articulatum (Moq.) Bunge [vide Hammada articulata (Moq.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]

Haloxylon negevensis (Iljin & Zohary) Boulos [vide Hammada negevensis Iljin & Zohary]

Haloxylon persicum Bunge ex Boiss. & Buhse [= Arthrophytum acutifolium (Minkwitz) Minkwitz]: Cistanche deserticola Ma (1960) [cf. CVH (69: 87), accessed Oct 2013] [only on Haloxylon species]

Haloxylon scoparium Pomel [vide Hammada scoparia (Pomel) Iljin]

Haloxylon tamariscifolium (L.) Pau [vide Hammada articulata (Moq.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]

Hammada (Chenopodiaceae)

Hammada articulata (Moq.) O. Bolňs & Vigo [≡ Caroxylon articulatum Moq.; ≡ Haloxylon articulatum (Moq.) Bunge; = Anabasis tamariscifolia L.; = Haloxylon tamariscifolium (L.) Pau; = Hammada scoparia (Pomel) Iljin; = Haloxylon scoparium Pomel]: Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Israel (Ben-Natan & Fragman-Sapir 2020)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Asteraceae (Artemisia sp.)]; Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Pujadas 2002: 448] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]; Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Algeria, Libya and Morocco (P 04363434 - hb. Maire; E 00029736; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 693, sub C. violacea; Jafri 1978: 5, sub C. violacea)] [parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, as well as on other Plumbaginaceae and Zygophyllaceae species]

Hammada elegans (Bunge) Botsch.: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Fahmy & al. 1996 (cf.)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]

Hammada negevensis Iljin & Zohary [≡ Haloxylon negevensis (Iljin & Zohary) Boulos]: Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Israel (photo 319/31954 by Avinoam Danin, sub C. salsa, in Flora of Israel Online)] [parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, as well as on other Plumbaginaceae and Zygophyllaceae species]

Hammada scoparia (Pomel) Iljin [vide Hammada articulata (Moq.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]

Hedera (Araliaceae)

Hedera algeriensis Hibberd [Hedera canariensis f. variegata (Paul) Verhaeghe]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Tunisia (El Mokni & al. 2015: 8, sub O. hederae)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedera canariensis Willd. [≡ Hedera helix var. canariensis (Willd.) DC.]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Canary Islands and Morocco (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 699, sub O. Hederae Duby)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedera canariensis f. variegata (Paul) Verhaeghe [vide Hedera algeriensis Hibberd]

Hedera colchica (K. Koch) K. Koch [≡ Hedera helix var. colchica K. Koch]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Caucasus (Beck 1930: 220, "f. Woronow et Bolle"; Piwowarczyk & Tatanov 2013: 26)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedera helix L. [aggr.]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedera helix L.: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedera helix var. canariensis (Willd.) DC. [vide Hedera canariensis Willd.]

Hedera helix var. colchica K. Koch [vide Hedera colchica (K. Koch) K. Koch]

Hedera helix var. hibernica (Poit.) G. Kirchn. [vide Hedera hibernica (Poit.) G. Kirchn.) Bean]

Hedera helix var. taurica Hibberd [vide Hedera taurica (Hibberd) Carričre]

Hedera hibernica Poit. [≡ Hedera helix var. hibernica (Poit.) G. Kirchn.]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Atlantic Europe (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedera taurica (Hibberd) Carričre [≡ Hedera helix var. taurica Hibberd]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Krim (Tsymbalyuk & Mosyakin 2013: 724)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Hedypnois (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Hedypnois arenaria (Schousb.) DC. [≡ Hyoseris arenaria Schousb.; ≡ Rhagadiolus arenarius (Schousb.) B. D. Jacks.]: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Hedypnois polymorpha DC., nom. illeg. [vide Hedypnois rhagadioloides (L.) F.W. Schmidt] [Boissier (1841)]

Hedypnois rhagadioloides (L.) F.W. Schmidt [≡ Hedypnois polymorpha DC., nom. illeg.; ≡ Hyoseris rhagadioloides L.; = Hyoseris cretica L.]: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [unconfirmed; mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Helianthus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Helianthus annus L.: Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray [United States, Nebraska, Kimball County (Harveson & al 2015)] ["This species blooms from June through August and is known to parasitize a number of different genera in the sunflower family (Asteraceae), including ragweed, (Ambrosia) cocklebur (Xanthium), and sagebrush (Artemisia) (McGregor and Barkley 1986)" (Harveson & al 2015)]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Bangladesh, Bulgaria, France, Greece, Hungary, Israel and Palestinian territories, Italy (unconfirmed), Moldova, Morocco, North Macedonia, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Tajikistan, Tunisa, Turkey, Ukranie] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Helichrysum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Helichrysum angustifolium (Lam.) DC. (1815), non Pers. (1807) [vide Helichrysum litoreum Guss.]

Helichrysum conglobatum (Viv.) Steud. [vide Helichrysum stoechas subsp. barrelieri (Ten.) Nyman]

Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Croatia (Beck 1930: 206, sub "f. pumila"); Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Helichrysum italicum subsp. angustifolium (Lam.) P. Fourn. [vide Helichrysum litoreum Guss.]

Helichrysum italicum subsp. microphyllum (Willd.) Nym. [≡ Gnaphalium microphyllum Willd.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Franco [≡ Helichrysum picardii Boiss. & Reut.; ≡ Helichrysum serotinum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Galbany, L. Sáez & Benedí]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14099)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Helichrysum litoreum Guss. [≡ Gnaphalium angustifolium Lam., repl. syn.; ≡ Helichrysum italicum subsp. angustifolium (Lam.) P. Fourn.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Dalmatia-Croatia (Visiani 1847: 179, sub O. minor Sutton = O. pumila Noe herb.!, Dalmatia; Reichenbach fil. 1861: 103 sub O. minor, 104 sub O. pumila; Beck 1930: 206] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Helichrysum pendulum (C. Presl) C. Presl [≡ Gnaphalium pendulum C. Presl; = Helichrysum rupestre DC., nom. illeg.]: Phelipanche olbiensis (Coss.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Ibiza, Spain (Sáez & al. 2011: 43)] [usually on Helichrysum species, more rarely on Phagnalon species]

Helichrysum picardii Boiss. & Reut. [vide Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Franco]

Helichrysum rupestre DC., nom. illeg. [vide Helichrysum pendulum (C. Presl) C. Presl]

Helichrysum serotinum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Galbany, L. Sáez & Benedí [vide Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Franco]

Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench [≡ Gnaphalium stoechas L.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Croatia (K 000759345); France (G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral 2006; G. Moreno Moral 2009); Italy, mote Pisano, Toscana (Bertoloni 1846: 447, sub O. loricata); Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13839); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11922; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12519)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche olbiensis (Coss.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [usually on Helichrysum species, more rarely on Phagnalon species]

Helichrysum stoechas subsp. barrelieri (Ten.) Nyman [≡ Gnaphalium barrelieri Ten.; = Gnaphalium conglobatum Viv.; = Helichrysum conglobatum (Viv.) Steud.]: Phelipanche olbiensis (Coss.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [usually on Helichrysum species, more rarely on Phagnalon species]

Helleborus (Ranunculaceae)

Helleborus foetidus L.: Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (1847) [frequently; only on Labiatae and Ranunculaceae species]

Helleborus viridis subsp. occidentalis (Reut.) Schiffn.: Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (1847) [rarely; only on Labiatae and Ranunculaceae species]

Heracleum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Heracleum trachyloma Fischer & Meyer: Phelipanche sevanensis Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. (2017) [only on this species which is endemic to the Caucasus]

Hibiscus (Malvaceae)

Hibiscus cannabinus L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Israel (Lati & al. 2013)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Hieracium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Hieracium pilosella L. [vide Pilosella officinarum Vaill.]

Hippocrepis (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Hippocrepis comosa L.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Hippocrepis emerus (L.) Lassen subsp. emerus [vide Emerus major Mill.]

Hormathophylla (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Hormathophylla spinosa (L.) P. Küpfer [≡ Alyssum spinosum L.; ≡ Draba spinosa (L.) Lam.]: Phelipanche georgii-reuteri Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [unconfirmed] [only on Cruciferae species, usually Lepidium subulatum L., more rarely on Lepidium cardamines L. and, perhaps, on other Cruciferae species (Hormathophylla spinosa (L.) P. Küpfer and Vella spinosa Boiss.)]

Hydrocotyle (Araliaceae)

Hydrocotyle moschata G. Forst. [= Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Colenso, nom. illeg.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [New Zealand (Colenso 1889: 42, sub O. hydrocotylei; Beck 1930: 214, sub O. minor var. genuina f. hydrocotylei)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Colenso, nom. illeg. [vide Hydrocotyle moschata G. Forst.]

Hyoseris (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Hyoseris arenaria Schousb. [vide Hedypnois arenaria (Schousb.) DC.]

Hyoseris cretica L. [vide Hedypnois rhagadioloides (L.) F.W. Schmidt]

Hyoseris radiata L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Algeria (Reuter 1847: 24, sub O. bovei); Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 100)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]; Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Tunisia (El Mokni & al. 2015: 9, sub O. pubescens)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Hypochaeris [Hypochoeris] (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Hypochaeris achyrophorus L. [Hypochaeris aethnensis Ball, nom. illeg.; Seriola aethnensis L., nom. illeg.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [f. C. Habashi & D. Jeanmonod, 2008: 100; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13518 (Canary Islands)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Hypochaeris aethnensis Ball, nom. illeg. [vide Hypochaeris achyrophorus L.]

Hypochaeris glabra L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Hypochaeris platylepis Boiss. [vide Hypochaeris radicata subsp. platylepis (Boiss.) Jahand. & Maire]

Hypochaeris radicata L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [England (Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor Sutton; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271, sub O. minor var. compositarum; Rumsey 2007: 476, sub O. minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis); Jersey (Druce 1907: 425; Rumsey 2007: 476, sub O. minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis); Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11449); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11347; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11892 et 11892B; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14102)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Hypochaeris radicata subsp. platylepis (Boiss.) Jahand. & Maire: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [f. Boissier (1841: 475)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Inula (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Inula aspera Poir. [= Inula cordata Boiss.]: Orobanche inulae Novopokr. & Abramov (1950) [Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958] [parasitzes on species of the genus Inula L. (I. grandiflora Willd., I. cordata Boiss., I. magnifica Lipky and others)]

Inula cordata Boiss. [vide Inula aspera Poir.]

Inula glandulosa Puschk. ex Willd., non Inula glandulosa Lam. [vide Inula orientalis Lam.]

Inula grandiflora Willd., [vide Inula orientalis Lam.]

Inula orientalis Lam. [Inula glandulosa Puschk. ex Willd., non I. glandulosa Lam.; = Inula grandiflora Willd.]: Orobanche inulae Novopokr. & Abramov (1950) [LE s.n. - lectotype!; LE s.n. - syntype!; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev, 1958; Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 133] [parasitzes on species of the genus Inula L. (I. grandiflora Willd., I. cordata Boiss., I. magnifica Lipky and others)]

Inula magnifica Lipsky: Orobanche inulae Novopokr. & Abramov (1950) [f. Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev, 1958] [parasitzes on species of the genus Inula L. (I. grandiflora Willd., I. cordata Boiss., I. magnifica Lipky and others)]

Inula salicina subsp. aspera (Poir.) Hayek [≡ Inula aspera Poir.]

Inula schizogyne Masf., nom. nov. [vide Schizogyne sericea (L. fil.) Sch. Bip]

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Jacobaea (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden [≡ Cineraria maritima (L.) L.; ≡ Othonna maritima L.; ≡ Senecio cineraria DC., nom. nov.]: Orobanche fuliginosa Reuter ex Jord. (1846) [France (Jordan 1846: 226; J.M. Tison, comm. pers., 27 May 2006 ("Commune sur les côtes rocheuses des Albčres: Collioure, Port-Vendres, etc.")]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn. [Senecio jacobaea L.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Hipkin 1992] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

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Kalidium (Chenopodiaceae)

Kalidium arabicum var. cuspidatum Ung.-Sternb. [vide Kalidium cuspidatum (Ung.-Sternb.) Grubov]

Kalidium caspicum (L.) Ung.-Sternb. [≡ Salicornia caspica L.]: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 23[28]] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Kalidium cuspidatum (Ung.-Sternb.) Grubov [≡ Kalidium arabicum var. cuspidatum]: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [China (FRPS, accessed Oct 2013)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Kalidium foliatum (Pall.) Moq. [≡ Salicornia foliata Pall.]: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [China (FRPS, accessed Oct 2013)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Kalidium gracile Fenzl: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [China (FRPS, accessed Oct 2013)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Kalopanax (Araliaceae)

Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz. [≡ Acanthopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz. ex Rehder]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Garden weed. Europe: Botan. Garten Dresden (Uhlich & al. 1995: 116)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Kaviria (Chenopodiaceae)

Kaviria aucheri (Moq.) Akhani [vide Salsola aucheri (Moq.) Iljin]

Klasea (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Klasea coriacea (DC.) Holub  [≡ Serratula coriacea DC; = Centaurea strictissima Boiss. & Buhse]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 15)] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Klasea quinquefolia (Willd.) Greuter & Wagenitz [≡ Serratula quinquefolia Willd.]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Russia, Dagestan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/703125.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2021] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Knautia (Dipsacaceae)

Knautia arvensis (L.) Coult.: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Knautia dinarica Maly: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Knautia dipsacifolia (Host) Kreutzer [≡ Scabiosa dipsacifolia Host]: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Knautia drymeia Heuff.: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Knautia fleischmanni Beck: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Knautia longifolia (Waldst. & Kit.) W.D.J. Koch: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Kochia (Chenopodiaceae)

Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad. [vide Bassia prostrata (L.) Beck]

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Lactuca (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Lactuca chondrilliflora Boreau [vide Lactuca viminea subsp. chondrilliflora (Boreau) St.-Lag.]

Lactuca perennis L.: Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz (1845) [France (Schultz 1845: 739; Schultz 1846: 97; Arvet-Touvet 1871: 55)] [only on Lactuca species]

Lactuca sativa L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Spain, Córdoba Province (Landa & al. 2006)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Palestine (MA 511448 - Musselman 10351)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Lactuca sativa cv. Iceberg [vide Lactuca sativa L.]

Lactuca takhtadzhianii Sosn. [≡ Cephalorrhynchus takhtadzhianii (Sosn.) Kirp.]: Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz (1845) [Armenia (Rätzel & al. 2017: 92, 93 f. 1, sub O. grenieri)] [usually; only on Lactuca species]

Lactuca tatarica (L.) C. A. Mey. [≡ Sonchus tataricus L.]: Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz (1845) [Russia, Volgograd Oblast (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/464823.html by Дмитрий Бочков [Dmitriy Bochkov] 2016; Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri)] [usually; only on Lactuca species]

Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl [≡ Prenanthes viminea L.; ≡ Scariola viminea (L.) F.W. Schmidt; incl. Prenanthes ramosissima All.]: Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz (1845) [France (J.M. Tison, Jul 1992); Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2015: 413); Krim (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958: 74[95], sub O. cernua; MW 0626310; http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/240324.html by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2014); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 0723902; Fateryga & Popovich 2017: 300-301 f. 4, sub O. grenieri); Spain (herb. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 11918; Carlón & al. 2005: 29, 31 f.1, 35 t. 12, sub O. grenieri); Turkey (Carlón & al. 2005-2016, sub O. grenieri; Rabaute & al. 2007, sub O. grenieri; Rätzel & al. 2015: 456, sub O. grenieri)] [usually; only on Lactuca species]; Phelipanche cernua Pomel (1874) [usually; only on Lactuca species]

Lactuca viminea subsp. chondrilliflora (Boreau) St.-Lag. [≡ Lactuca chondrilliflora Boreau]: Orobanche grenieri F.W. Schultz (1845) [France (Martin 1877 (MPU-Bernardin Martin))] [only on Lactuca species]

Lactuca virosa L.: Phelipanche cernua Pomel (1874) [rarely; only on Lactuca species]

Laserpitium (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Laserpitium gallicum L.: Orobanche beauverdii Uhlich & Rätzel (2021) [France (Beauverd 1931; Uhlich & Rätzel 2021: 73)] [only on Laserpitium species]

Laserpitium halleri Crantz [= Laserpitium panax Gouan]: Orobanche beauverdii Uhlich & Rätzel (2021) [Italy and Switzerland (Uhlich & Rätzel 2021: 73)] [only on Laserpitium species]

Laserpitium latifolium L.: Orobanche beauverdii Uhlich & Rätzel (2021) [France and Switzerland (Uhlich & Rätzel 2021: 73)] [only on Laserpitium species]; Orobanche mayeri (Suess. & Ronniger) Bertsch & F. Batsch (1948) [Kreutz 1995: 56; Pujadas & Gómez 2000: 275 (Zollern-Alb, M s/n; Zollernhorn, STU s/n); Piwowarczyk (KTC)] [exclusively]; Orobanche montserratii A. Pujadas & D. Gómez (2000) [Spain (Pujadas & Gómez 2000: 269)] [only on Umbelliferae species (probably on Laserpitium species and, perhaps, also on Angelica razulii Gouan)]

Laserpitium nestleri subsp. flabellatum P. Mont.: Orobanche montserratii A. Pujadas & D. Gómez (2000) [only on Umbelliferae species (probably on Laserpitium species and, perhaps, also on Angelica razulii Gouan)]

Laserpitium panax Gouan [vide Laserpitium halleri Crantz]

Laserpitium siler L.: Orobanche laserpitii-sileris Reut. ex Jord. (1846) [only on Laserpitium siler L.]

Lathyrus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Lathyrus asiaticus (Zalkind) Kudr. [vide Lathyrus sativus L.]

Lathyrus bithynicus L. [vide Vicia bithynica (L.) L.]

Lathyrus cicera L: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Lathyrus digitatus (M. Bieb.) Fiori [≡ Orobus digitatus M. Bieb.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Schultz 1843: 130] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Lathyrus hirsutus L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [P 04410505 - hb. Faurel (Algeria)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Lathyrus inconspicuus L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Beck 1890: 227; Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Lathyrus sativus L. [= Lathyrus asiaticus (Zalkind) Kudr.]: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Amri & al. 2009 (Tunisia)] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Lathyrus setifolius L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Launaea (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb. [≡ Zollikoferia arborescens Batt.]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12511); Spain, Canary Islands (Uhlich & al. 1995: 87; Andriy Kovalchuk 2010)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Phelipanche aedoi Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [only on Compositae species (Launaea arborescens and Sonchus tenerrimus)]; Phelipanche gratiosa (Webb) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [habitually (at least 90 %) on Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb. More rarely on other Compositae species [Reichardia tingitana (L.) Roth; Urospermum picroides (L.) F.W.Schmidt]; Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Launaea lanifera Pau: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12218); Pujadas & Velasco 2000: 516, sub O. cernua L.] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Launaea nudicaulis (L.) Hook. fil.: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (herb. Sánchez  Pedraja 11731); Spain, Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12460, 12467, 12468, 12487)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Lens (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Lens culinaris Medik. [= Ervum lens L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [France (P 04419732 - hb. Drake); Beck 1890: 227; Fernández Aparicio & al. 2008] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Tunisia (Amri & al. 2009)] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Palaestina (MA 511447 - Musselman 10395)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Lens culinaris Medik. subsp. culinaris [= Lens esculenta Moench]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Lens esculenta Moench [vide Lens culinaris Medik. subsp. culinaris]

Leontodon (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Leontodon saxatilis subsp. hispidus (Roth) Castroviejo & M. Laínz [vide L. saxatilis subsp. rothii Maire]

Leontodon saxatilis subsp. rothii Maire (1934) [≡ Colobium hispidum Roth; ≡ Thrincia hispida (Roth) Roth; = L. taraxacoides subsp. longirostris Fich & P.D. Sell]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Leontodon saxatilis Lam. subsp. saxatilis [= Thrincia hirta sensu Willkomm & Lange (1865) et auct.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Leontodon taraxacoides subsp. longirostris Fich & P. D. Sell [vide L. saxatilis subsp. rothii Maire]

Lepidium (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Lepidium cardamines L.: Phelipanche georgii-reuteri Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Cruciferae species, usually Lepidium subulatum L., more rarely on Lepidium cardamines L. and, perhaps, on other Cruciferae species (Hormathophylla spinosa (L.) P. Küpfer and Vella spinosa Boiss.)]

Lepidium subulatum L.: Phelipanche georgii-reuteri Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [only on Cruciferae species, usually Lepidium subulatum L., more rarely on Lepidium cardamines L. and, perhaps, on other Cruciferae species (Hormathophylla spinosa (L.) P. Küpfer and Vella spinosa Boiss.)]

Libanotis (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Libanotis athamantica G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Libanotis athamantina Roehl. [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Libanotis dolichostyla Schischk. [vide Seseli mucronatum (Schrenk) Pimenov & Sdobnina]

Libanotis montana Crantz [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Libanotis pyrenaica (L.) O. Schwarz (1949) [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Libanotis pyrenaica (Jacq.) Nyman [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Libanotis schrenkiana C.A.Mey. ex Schischk. [≡ Seseli schrenkianum (C.A. Mey. ex Schischk.) Pimenov & Sdobnina]

Libanotis sibirica W.D.J. Koch [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Libanotis vulgaris DC. (1830) [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Ligusticum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Ligusticum sibiricum (L.) Spreng. [vide Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824)]

Ligustrum (Oleaceae)

Ligustrum L. sp.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Azerbaijan (Piwowarczyk & Tatanov 2013: 27); Russia, Adygea (Rätzel & Uhlich 2004: 196); Russia, Dagestan (Piwowarczyk & Tatanov 2013: 27)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Limoniastrum (Plumbaginaceae)

Limoniastrum guyonianum Boiss. [= Limoniastrum ouarglense Pomel]: Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Algeria (P 04363435 - hb. Maire)] [parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, as well as on other Plumbaginaceae and Zygophyllaceae species]

Limoniastrum monopetalum (L.) Boiss. [≡ Statice monopetala L.]: Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Tunisia (P 04608139, P 02985969 et P 02985973; Cosson & Kralik 1857: 409, "Kralik, Plant. Tunetanae, n. 291", sub P. violacea, Beck 1930: 29, sub C. violacea)].

Limoniastrum ouarglense Pomel [vide Limoniastrum guyonianum Boiss.]

Lomelosia (Dipsacaceae)

Lomelosia caucasica (M. Bieb.) Greuter & Burdet [≡ Scabiosa caucasica M. Bieb.]: Orobanche javakhetica Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. (2018) [exclusively Lomelosia caucasica and Stachys macrantha]

Lotus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Lotus allionii Desv. [vide Lotus cytisoides L.]

Lotus commutatus Guss. (vide Lotus creticus L.)

Lotus corniculatus L. [aggr.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Hipkin 1992] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Lotus corniculatus L. subsp. delortii (Timb.-Lagr.) O. Bolňs & Vigo [≡ Lotus delortii Timb.-Lagr.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Lotus creticus L. [= Lotus commutatus Guss.; = Lotus salzmannii Boiss. & Reut.]: Orobanche densiflora Salzm. ex Bertol. (1846) [usually on Lotus creticus L., more rarely on other Leguminosae species (e.g., Ononis variegata L.)]

Lotus creticus subsp. cytisoides (L.) Arcang. [vide Lotus cytisoides L.]

Lotus cytisoides L. [≡ Lotus creticus subsp. cytisoides (L.) Arcang.; = Lotus allionii Desv.]: Orobanche sanguinea C. Presl (1822) [only on Lotus cytisoides]

Lotus delortii Timb.-Lagr. [vide Lotus corniculatus L. subsp. delortii (Timb.-Lagr.) O. Bolňs & Vigo]

Lotus ornithopodioides L.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Cyprus (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/648804.html by Роланд Цандекидис [Roland Tsantekidis] 2020)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Lotus pedunculatus Cav.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Lotus salzmannii Boiss. & Reut. (vide Lotus creticus L.)

Lycium (Solanaceae)

Lycium arabicum Boiss.: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Egypt (K 000061366)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Lycium europaeum L.: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Iran (P 02968096 - Haussknecht 1868, unconfirmed)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Lycopersicon (Solanaceae)

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. [≡ Solanum lycopersicum L.]: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Bangladesh (Shaha & Mian 2013, sub O. cernua); Israel and Palestinian territories (Paran & al. 1997: 69, sub O. cernua); Jordan (Musselman 1994: 29, sub O. cernua); Russia (Beck 1930: 123-124, sub O. cernua var. cumana; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 80[75])] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]; Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [China (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub O. aegyptiaca), Cyprus (P 04608137), Iran (US 2637056), Israel and Palestinian territories (SAV 0003266 - Nábělek 738; Hershenhorn & al. 2009, sub P. aegyptiaca; Cohen & al. 2017, sub P. aegyptiaca), United States of America (MO-2443000 6589548; UCR 0073894; Miyao 2017, sub O. aegyptiaca), Uzbekistan (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 61; Hershenhorn & al. 1997; Plantarium.ru/page/image/id/172805, accessed May 2016)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]; Phelipanche brassicae (Novopokr.) Soják (1972) [former European USSR (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 63[59], sub O. brassicae (Novopokr.) Novopokr.); Ukraine (https://ukrbin.com/show_image.php?imageid=191062 by Nikolai Yunakov, det. Zenovii Sych [Dnipro raion, 48°31'27.9"N 35°13'34.8"E, sub P. ramosa)] [usually on cultivated species of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), but it was sometime mentioned on other families]; Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874) [Romania, Oltenia (MA 294135); Beck 1890; Stout 1938; Chile (Kogan 1994)] [frequently, usually on cultivated species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families]

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Magydaris (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Magydaris pastinacea (Lam.) Paol. & Bég. [≡ Cachrys pastinacea Lam.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Tunisia (El Mokni & al. 2015: 9, sub O. pubescens)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Malva (Malvaceae)

Malva microcarpa Pers. [vide Malva parviflora L.]

Malva parviflora L. [= Malva microcarpa Pers.]: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Jordan (MA 7314879)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Mahonia (Berberidaceae)

Mahonia Nutt. sp.: Orobanche lucorum A. Braun ex F.W. Schultz (1830) [England (Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 108)] [only on shrub species of Berberidaceae, usually on Berberis sp., rarely on Mahonia sp.]

Medicago (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13588)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Medicago falcata L.: Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816) [Austria (Hausmann 1852: 649, P 04446051 - Kerner); Belarus (Uhlich & Rätzel 2020); Czech Republic (CLF 209748 - Lodny); Germany (Reichenbach 1829: 37; Dietrich 1835: 145)] [only on Labiatae (Fabaceae) species (usually on Medicago sp., more rarely on other host-plants)]; Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Krim (P 04385001)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Medicago falcata L. × Medicago sativa L. [= Medicago varia Martyn, pro sp.; = M. media Pers., pro sp.; = Medicago sativa subsp. varia (Martyn) Arcang.]: Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816) [Schultz 1830: 503] [only on Labiatae (Fabaceae) species (usually on Medicago sp., more rarely on other host-plants)]

Medicago lupulina L: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Croatia (Visiani 1847: 179); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11791)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Medicago maculata Willd. [vide Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.]

Medicago marina L.: Orobanche densiflora Salzm. ex Reut. (1847) [usually on Lotus creticus L., more rarely on other Leguminosae species (e.g., Ononis variegata L.)]; Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Greece (P 04384995 - hb. Reverchon)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Medicago media Pers., pro sp. [vide Medicago falcata L. × Medicago sativa L.]

Medicago polymorpha L: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Medicago polymorpha var. arabica L. [vide Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.]

Medicago sativa L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Feliachi & Aouali, 2005] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816) [Croatia (P 04419595 - Noë); Germany (Schultz 1830: 505; Dietrich 1835: 148)] [only on Labiatae (Fabaceae) species (usually on Medicago sp., more rarely on other host-plants)]

Medicago sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. (1882) [vide Medicago falcata L.]

Medicago sativa subsp. microcarpa Urb. [Medicago caerulea Ledeb.]: Orobanche lutea Baumg. (1816) [Russia (MW 0723512 - Novopokrovsky)] [only on Labiatae (Fabaceae) species (usually on Medicago sp., more rarely on other host-plants)]

Medicago sativa subsp. varia (Martyn) Arcang. [vide Medicago falcata L. × Medicago sativa L.]

Medicago varia Martyn, pro sp. [vide Medicago falcata L. × Medicago sativa L.]

Melilotus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Melilotus indica (L.) All.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Miscanthus (Gramineae [Poaceae])

Miscanthus sinensis Andersson [= Eulalia japonica Trin.; = Saccharum japonicum Thunb.]: Aeginetia indica L. (1753) [f. Suwa & al., 1995] [mainly parasitic on Miscanthus species and Saccharum species]

Moricandia (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Moricandia nitens (Viv.) E.A. Durand & Barrate: Orobanche daninii Domina & Raimondo [Domina & Raimondo 2009: 186]

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Nepeta (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Nepeta trautvetteri Boiss. & Buhse [≡ Glechoma trautvetteri (Boiss. & Buhse) Kuntze]: Phelipanche hajastanica Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. (2017) [exclusively on Nepeta trautvetteri]

Nicotiana (Solanaceae)

Nicotiana glauca L.: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain, Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez  Pedraja 12456)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [India (Dagar 1980: 626, sub O. aegyptiaca)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Nicotiana rugosa Mill. [vide Nicotiana rustica L.]

Nicotiana rustica L. [= Nicotiana rugosa Mill.]: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Russia, Volgograd Oblast (P 04410446 - Becker 105)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]; Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Beck 1930: 83, "s. Hohenacker", sub O. aegyptiaca] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Nicotiana tabacum L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [India (Roxburgh 1832: 28, sub O. indica Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.; P 02968081 - Wallich 205; P 02968085 - Wallich 205)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]; Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874) [frequently, usually on cultivated species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Bangladesh (Shaha & Mian 2013, sub O. cernua); China (Wu & al. 2013: 57, sub O. cumana); India (Wight 1850: 178, sub O. nicotianae Wight; Hooker 1884: 326; Musselman 1994: 29, sub O. cernua; Dhanapal 1996: 13, sub O. cernua); Nepal (Dhanapal 1996: 14, sub O. cernua); Pakistan (Jafri, sub O. cernua); Russia (COI 00056874 - herb. Willkommii; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 80[75])] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Noaea (Chenopodiaceae)

Noaea aucheri Moq. [vide Salsola aucheri (Moq.) Iljin]

Notobasis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass. [≡ Carduus syriacus L.; = Cirsium bracteatum Link]: Orobanche palaestina Reut. [Israel and Palestinian territories (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1)] [only on Compositae species]

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Obione (Chenopodiaceae)

Obione portulacoides (L.) Moq. [vide Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen]

Odontarrhena (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Odontarrhena troodi (Boiss.) Španiel, Al-Shehbaz, D.A.German & Marhold [≡ Alyssum troodi Boiss.]: Phelipanche chionistrae Ratzel, Hand, Christodoulou & Uhlich in Candollea 76(1): 78 (2021) [Cyprus (Ratzel & al. 2021: 78)] [only on Odontarrhena troodi]

Odontolophus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Odontolophus trinervius (Willd.) Dobrocz. [vide Psephellus trinervius (Willd.) Wagenitz]

Onobrychis (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Onobrychis reuteri Leresche: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]

Ononis (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Ononis difusa Ten.: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Ononis maritima Dumort. [vide Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Briq.]

Ononis natrix L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Beck 1890: 205] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Ononis natrix subsp. ramosissima (Desf.) Batt. [vide Ononis ramosissima Desf.]

Ononis proccurens Wallr. [vide Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Briq.]

Ononis ramosissima Desf.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Beck 1890: 205] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Ononis repens L. [vide Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Briq.]

Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Briq. [Ononis repens L.; Ononis proccurens Wallr.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Hipkin 1992] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Ononis variegata L.: Orobanche densiflora Salzm. ex Bertol. (1846) [usually on Lotus creticus L., more rarely on other Leguminosae species (e.g., Ononis variegata L.)]

Origanum (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Origanum onites L.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Turkey (Balansa 1855)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Origanum vulgare L.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Austria (Schultz 1830: 505); Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2006); Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000); Germany (Uhlich & al. 1995; Pusch 2009: 41, sub O. alba)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Orlaya (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Orlaya Hoffm.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Krim (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 103[98], sub O. versicolor)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Orlaya daucoides (L.) Greuter [≡ Caucalis daucoides L.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2009: 356, sub O. pubescens)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Orlaya grandiflora (L.) Hoffm. [≡ Caucalis grandiflora L.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Bulgaria (Stoyanov 2009: 356, sub O. pubescens)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Orlaya maritima Gouan ex W.D.J. Koch, nom. illeg. [vide Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande]

Ormenis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Ormenis scariosa (Ball) Litard. & Maire [vide Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt]

Ornithopus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Ornithopus compressus L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [f. Guimarăes (1904: 113 "A. Guimarăes, José Lorenço!, Bourgeau!", 114 "A. Guimarăes", 115 "Welwitsh en 1845 ... R. da Cunha!", t. 12 f. 3); Beck (1930: 292)] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [f. hb. García Martínez, 11/06/1983] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Orobus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Orobus digitatus M. Bieb. [vide Lathyrus digitatus (M. Bieb.) Fiori]

Oryza (Gramineae [Poaceae])

Oryza sativa L.: Aeginetia indica L. (1753) [Kusano 1903; Kusano 1908; Suwa & al. 1995] [parasitic onmany species of monocotyledons (mainly on Poaceae and Zingiberaceae, but also on Cannaceae andCyperaceae)]

Oxalis (Oxalidaceae)

Oxalis pes-caprae L. [= O. cernua Thunb.]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

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Pallenis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Pallenis maritima (L.) Greuter [≡ Asteriscus maritimus (L.) Less.; ≡ Buphthalmum maritimum L.]: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Panicum (Gramineae [Poaceae])

Panicum frumentaceum Salisb. [vide Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]

Panicum miliaceum L.: Aeginetia indica L. (1753) [Kusano 1903; Kusano 1908] [parasitic on many speciesof monocotyledons (mainly on Poaceae and Zingiberaceae, but also on Cannaceae and Cyperaceae)]

Pelargonium (Geraniaceae)

Pelargonium sp. [of garden origen]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [sec. Gillot in Beck 1890: 227; Rechinger in Beck 1930: 138; Maire 1938 (MPU 004199); Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 34 "occasionellement", 102] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Israel (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/107753075 by Yuval [banksiacoccinea])] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Corsica, France (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 92 "Corse", 102); Portugal (MPU - E.J. Neyraut, Daveau 1889)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Pelargonium grandiflorum (Andrews) Willd. [≡ Geranium grandiflorum Andrews]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Algeria (P 04243511 - hb. H. Gillet, Maire 1946; P 04409244.jpg - hb. Retz 25635, Maire 1946)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Pelargonium graveolens (Thunb.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium graveolens Thunb.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Germany (Wallroth 1822: 310, sub O. apiculata)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Pelargonium inquinans (L.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium inquinans L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [sec. Stein in Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium zonale L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [sec. Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Pericallis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Pericallis murrayi (Bornm.) B. Nord. [vide Senecio murrayi Bornm.]

Petasites (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn. [≡ Tussilago alba L.]: Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829) [mainly on Petasites paradoxus, rarely on other Petasites species. More rarely, also on other Compositae species]

Petasites albus var. glabratus Maly [vide Petasites kablikianus Bercht.]

Petasites glabratus (Maly) Borbás [vide Petasites kablikianus Bercht.]

Petasites hybridus (L.) G. Gaertn. & al. [≡ Tussilago hybrida L.; = Tussilago petasites L.]: Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829) [f. Wierzbicki, 1845: 324 "Auf Tussilago Petasites häufig bei Csudanovetz (Banat, Caraş-Severin, Romania)]"; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 100 "Bannat: auf Tussilago Petasites häufig bei Csudanovicz 8. Juni 1843. Wierzbicki!"; Beck, 1930: 262; J. Zázvorka, 2000: 510, Czech Republic] [mainly on Petasites paradoxus, rarely on other Petasites species. More rarely, also on other Compositae species]

Petasites kablikianus Bercht. [= Petasites albus var. glabratus Maly; = Petasites glabratus (Maly) Borbás]: Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829) [f. Zázvorka, 2000: 510, Czech Republic; Piwowarczyk (KTC), Poland and Slovakia] [mainly on Petasites paradoxus, rarely on other Petasites species. More rarely, also on other Compositae species]

Petasites niveus (Vill.) Baumg. [vide Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.]

Petasites officinalis Moench, nom. illeg. [vide Petasites hybridus (L.) G. Gaertn. & al.]

Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. [= Petasites niveus (Vill.) Baumg.; = Tussilago nivea Vill.]: Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829) [mainly on Petasites paradoxus, rarely on other Petasites species. More rarely, also on other Compositae species]

Petasites sabaudus Gand. [vide Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.]

Petroselinum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss [≡ Apium crispum Mill.]: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [f. Goldwasser, 2003] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]; Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [f. Goldwasser, 2003] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Petrosimonia (Chenopodiaceae)

Petrosimonia squarrosa (Schrenk) Bunge: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Kazakhstan, Dzungarian Alatau (Plantarium.ru id/253449 by Vladimir Kolbintsev 2014)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Peucedanum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Peucedanum alsaticum L. [≡ Xanthoselinum alsaticum (L.) Schur]: Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836) [Beck 1930: 256; Kreutz 1995; Pujadas & Gómez 2000: 272] [parasitic mostly on Peucedanum species, rarely on other Umbelliferae [Apiaceae] species (e.g., Seseli sp.)]

Peucedanum cervaria (L.) Lapeyr. [= Selinum cervaria L.; = Athamanta cervaria L.; = Cervaria rivini Gaertn.]: Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836) [Kirschleger 1836; Suard 1843; Schultz 1844] [parasitic mostly on Peucedanum species, rarely on other Umbelliferae [Apiaceae] species (e.g., Seseli sp.)]

Peucedanum orientale (L.) Boiss. [vide Ferula orientalis L.]

Peucedanum ovinum (Boiss.) Boiss. [vide Ferula ovina (Boiss.) Boiss.]

Peucedanum shair (I.G. Borshch.) Baill. [vide Ferula varia (Schrenk) Trautv.]

Phaca (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Phaca baetica L. [vide Erophaca baetica (L.) Boiss.]

Phagnalon (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Phagnalon graecum Boiss. & Heldr. [vide Phagnalon rupestre subsp. graecum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Batt.]

Phagnalon rupestre (L.) DC.: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10388, 13048)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]; Phelipanche olbiensis (Coss.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Rhodes (Rätzel & al. 2016)] [usually on Helichrysum species, more rarely on Phagnalon species]

Phagnalon rupestre subsp. graecum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Batt. [≡ Phagnalon graecum Boiss. & Heldr.]: Phelipanche olbiensis (Coss.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Greece (Michaud 2015)] [usually on Helichrysum species, more rarely on Phagnalon species]

Phagnalon saxatile Cass.: Phelipanche olbiensis (Coss.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [France (Crouzet & al. 2009: 61, unconfirmed)] [usually on Helichrysum species, more rarely on Phagnalon species]

Phlomis (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Phlomis armeniaca Willd.: Phelipanche cilicica (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Turkey (herb. P. Coulot)] [on Lamiaceae sp., mainly parasitic on Stachys inflata Benth., rarely Phlomis sp.]

Phlomis caucasica Rech. f. [vide Phlomis orientalis Mill.]

Phlomis crinita L: Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (1847) [rarely; only on Labiatae and Ranunculaceae species]

Phlomis orientalis Mill. [= Phlomis caucasica Rech. f.]: Phelipanche cilicica (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 33)] [on Lamiaceae sp., mainly parasitic on Stachys inflata Benth., rarely Phlomis sp.]

Picris (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Picris hieracioides L.: Orobanche picridis F.W. Schultz (1830) [usually on Picris hieracioides L., rarely on Pilosella officinarum Vaill.]

Picris hieracioides subsp. spinulosa (Guss.) Arcang.: Orobanche picridis F.W. Schultz (1830) [France (Gautier 1897: 337)] [usually on Picris hieracioides L., rarely on Pilosella officinarum Vaill.]

Picris spinulosa Guss. [vide Picris hieracioides subsp. spinulosa (Guss.) Arcang.]

Picris stricta Jord. [vide Picris hieracioides subsp. spinulosa (Guss.) Arcang.]

Pilosella (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Pilosella officinarum Vaill. (1754) [≡ Hieracium pilosella L.]: Orobanche picridis F.W. Schultz (1830) [Italy (Vaucher 1827: 64); Southeast England, "St Margarets, Kent" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 268)] [usually on Picris hieracioides L., rarely on Pilosella officinarum Vaill.]

Pinardia (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Pinardia coronaria (L.) Less. [vide Glebionis coronaria (L.) Spach]

Pistacia (Anacardiaceae)

Pistacia lentiscus L.: Orobanche cyrenaica Beck in Durand & Barratte, Fl. Libyc. Prodr.: 183 (1910) [Lybia (Durand & Barratte 1910: 183)]

Pisum (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Pisum sativum L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [f., e. g., P 02977886 - Noë 1839, Croatia; Willkomm, 1870: 623; Beck, 1890: 227; Maire, 1938 (MPU 004564); Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 274, England; D. Rubiales & al., 2009] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Plantago (Plantaginaceae)

Plantago albicans L.: Phelipanche reuteriana (Rchb. fil.) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [usually]

Plantago boissieri Hausskn. & Bornm.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Nábělek n. 738] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Plantago coronopus L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [hb. García Martínez, 11/06/1983] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Spain!; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 102 "Corse"] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Plantago lanceolata L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Hipkin 1992: 117; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 49, 102] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Podospermum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Podospermum laciniatum (L.) DC. [≡ Scorzonera laciniata L.]: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12840)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Polygonum (Polygonaceae)

Polygonum coriarium Grigorj.: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879) [Junussov 1986: 454] [parasitic exclusively on Polygonaceae species]

Polygonum libani Boiss.: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879) [P 02985743] [parasitic exclusively on Polygonaceae species]

Polygonum maritimum L.: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879) [Boissier, 1879: 516] [parasitic exclusively on Polygonaceae species]

Polygonum paronychioides C.A. Mey. ex Hohen.: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879) [Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 78[100]] [parasitic exclusively on Polygonaceae species]

Prangos (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Prangos biebersteinii Karjagin [vide Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl.]

Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl. [≡ Laserpitium ferulaceum L.; ≡ Cachrys ferulacea (L.) Calestani; = Cachrys prangoides Boiss.; = Prangos biebersteinii Karjagin; = Thapsia laserpitii Spreng.]: Orobanche kurdica Boiss. & Hausskn. (1879) [Nábĕlek 1926: 38, No. 726; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 105-106; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 88] [parasitic exclusively on Umbelliferae species (Prangos sp. and Cachrys sp.)]

Prangos lophoptera Boiss. [vide Prangos pabularia Lindl.]

Prangos pabularia Lindl. [= Prangos lophoptera Boiss.]: Orobanche gigantea (Beck) Gontsch. (1933) [Kazakhstan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/593168.html by Александр Эбель [Alexander Ebel] 2018)] [only on Umbelliferae species]; Orobanche kurdica Boiss. & Hausskn. (1879) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 88)] [parasitic exclusively on Umbelliferae species (Prangos sp. and Cachrys sp.)]

Prenanthes (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Prenanthes bulbosa DC. [vide Sonchus bulbosus (L.) N. Kilian & Greuter]

Prenanthes petiolata (K. Koch) Sennikov [≡ Cicerbita petiolata (K. Koch) Gagnidze; ≡ Mulgedium petiolatum K. Koch]: Orobanche cicerbitae (Uhlich & Rätzel) Tzvelev (2015)

Prenanthes ramosissima All. [vide Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl]

Prenanthes viminea L. [vide Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl]

Prunella (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Prunella lusitanica L. [vide Cleonia lusitanica (L.) L.]

Prunus (Rosaceae)

Prunus armeniaca L. [≡ Amygdalus armeniaca (L.) Dum.; ≡ Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.]: Phelipanche libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják (= Phelipanche orientalis (Beck) Soják (1972)) [Iran (Moosavi & al. 2021: 466, sub P. pouyanii); Iraq (Al-Khazarji & al. 1989, sub O. ramosa); Turkey (Aksoy & al. 2013, sub P. aegyptiaca] [parasitic on the Amygdalus L. species (Prunus sp.)]

Prunus bucharica (Korsh.) B. Fedtsch. ex Rehder [≡ Amygdalus bucharica Korsh.]: Phelipanche libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják (= Phelipanche orientalis (Beck) Soják (1972)) [Pamir-Alay (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 68[62], sub O. sogdiana).] [parasitic on the Amygdalus L. species (Prunus sp.)]

Prunus communis (L.) Arcang., non Huds. [vide Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb]

Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb [= Amygdalus communis L.; = P. communis (L.) Arcang., non Huds.]: Phelipanche libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják (= Phelipanche orientalis (Beck) Soják (1972)) [Iran (Baghestani & al. 2009, sub O. nana); Iraq (ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm...id=16815 by P. Schafran); Jordan (Qasem 2009, sub O. schultzii)] [parasitic on the Amygdalus L. species (Prunus sp.)]

Prunus fenzliana Fritsch [≡ Amygdalus fenzliana (Fritsch) Lipsky]: Phelipanche libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják (= Phelipanche orientalis (Beck) Soják (1972)) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 44, sub P. libanotica); Caucasus (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 65[61], sub O. orientalis)] [parasitic on the Amygdalus L. species (Prunus sp.)]

Prunus webbii (Spach) Vierh. [≡ Amygdalus webbii Spach; = A. salicifolia Boiss. & Balansa]: Phelipanche libanotica (Schweinf. ex Boiss.) Soják (= Phelipanche orientalis (Beck) Soják (1972) [Greece (Rätzel & al. 2018, sub P. orientalis)] [parasitic on the Amygdalus L. species (Prunus sp.)]

Psephellus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Psephellus dealbatus (Willd.) K. Koch [≡ Centaurea dealbata Willd.]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Fischer 1852: 106 (Stavropol Krai, Russia), sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii; Stapf 1915: 294, sub P. foliata; Beck 1930: 42, sub P. coccinea; Cullen 2010: 384, sub P. coccinea; MW 0723286 (Krasnodar Krai, Russia); Stavropol Krai (Russia) according to Александр Иванов [Alexander Ivanov], 2009 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Psephellus declinatus (M. Bieb.) K. Koch [≡ Centaurea declinata M. Bieb.]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 29[28], Krim, sub P. helenae; Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 437, t. 41 f.1, 438, Krim, sub D. helenae; Krasnodar Krai (Russia) according to Татьяна Винокурова [Tatiana Vinokurova] et Анна Малыхина [Anna Malychina] in Plantarium, accessed Sep 2017 et Jan 2019] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Psephellus karduchorum (Boiss.) Wagenitz [≡ Centaurea karduchorum Boiss.]: Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Georgia? (Schneeweiss & al. 2004, G. Schneeweiß et al. 8196 in WU 27642, WU 27643, sub D. coccinea)] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Psephellus sibiricus (L.) Wagenitz [≡ Centaurea sibirica L.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [see photo by Михаил Князев in Plantarium, accessed Jun 2011] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Psephellus trinervius (Willd.) Wagenitz [≡ Centaurea trinervia Willd.; ≡ Odontolophus trinervius (Willd.) Dobrocz.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Ukraine (Victoria Trotner in https://ukrbin.com/showimages.php?id=127351)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]; Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. (1804) [Krim according to Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov] and Валентина Фатерыга [Valentina Fateryga] in Plantarium, accessed Mar 2012 et Oct 2017] [only on Compositae [Asteraceae] species, usually on Centaurea (incl. Psephellus) sp., more rarely on Klasea sp.]

Pseudocytisus (Cruciferae)

Pseudocytisus spinosus (Boiss.) Rehder [vide Vella spinosa Boiss.]

Pseudorlaya (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Pseudorlaya minuscula (Pau ex Font Quer) M. Laínz [≡ Daucus minusculus Pau]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12529)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande [≡ Caucalis pumila L.; ≡ Daucus pumilus (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link; = Orlaya maritima Gouan ex W.D.J. Koch, nom. illeg.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Greece (P 04384997 - hb. E. Cosson); Libya (P 03428454 - hb. E. Cosson; P 02977774)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Algeria (P 02977824 - hb. Drake; Reichenbach f. 1862: 118)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Psoralea (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Psoralea bituminosa L. [vide Aspalthium bituminosum (L.) Fourr.]

Psoralea palaestina Gouan (1773) [vide Aspalthium bituminosum (L.) Fourr.]

Pterocephalus (Dipsacaceae)

Pterocephalus cyprius Boiss. [vide Pterocephalus multiflorus Poech]

Pterocephalus multiflorus Poech [Pterocephalus cyprius Boiss.]: Orobanche cypria Reuter ex Kotschy (1865) [Kotschy, exss. 854; Boissier 1875; Y. Christofides in Günther, accessed Jan 2017] [mostly on Pterocephalus species, more rarely on Lamiaceae species (e. g., Scutellaria cypria Rech. f.)]

Pterocephalus perennis Coulter [= Scabiosa pterocephala L.]: Orobanche baumanniorum Greuter (1987) [Greuter 1987; Uhlich 1994] [only on Pterocephalus perennis]

Pterocephalus strictus Boiss. & Hohen.: Orobanche cypria Reuter ex Kotschy (1865) [Bornmüller, Iter Persico-turcicum 1892-93, n. 1646] [mostly on Pterocephalus species, more rarely on Lamiaceae species (e. g., Scutellaria cypria Rech. f.)]

Pterospartum (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Pterospartum sagittale (L.) Willk. [vide Chamaespartium sagittale (L.) P. E. Gibbs]

Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk. (vide Genista tridentata L.)

Punica (Lythraceae)

Punica granatum L.: Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2021)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Pyrethrum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Pyrethrum canescens (DC.) Boiss. [vide Tanacetum canescens DC.]

Pyrethrum chiliophyllum DC. [vide Tanacetum aureum (Lam.) Greuter, M. V. Agab. & Wagenitz]

Pyrethrum duderanum Boiss. [vide Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. duderanum (Boiss.) Podlech]

Pyrethrum myriophyllum auct. plur. [vide Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. argyrophyllum (K. Koch) Podlech]

Pyrethrum myriophyllum sensu C.A. Mey., non Tanacetum myriophyllum Willd., nom. illeg. [vide Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. duderanum (Boiss.) Podlech]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Reichardia (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Reichardia ligulata (Vent.) G. Kunkel & Sunding: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [unconfirmed; mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Reichardia picroides (L.) Roth [Scorzonera picroides L.; Picridium vulgare Desf., nom. illeg.]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [cf. P 04404647, sub Ph. lavandulacea, France; Uhlich, 1995: 202, sub O. lavandulacea] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Reichardia tingitana (L.) Roth: Phelipanche gratiosa (Webb) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [habitually (at least 90 %) on Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb. More rarely on other Compositae species [Reichardia tingitana (L.) Roth; Urospermum picroides ( L. ) F.W.Schmidt]

Reseda (Resedaceae)

Reseda alba var. undata (L.) DC. [vide Reseda undata L.]

Reseda lutea L.: Phelipanche resedarum Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Spain (Gómez Navarro & al. 2011: 317; Gómez Navarro & al. 2013: 84, 88; Gómez & al. 2021: 37)] [only on Reseda species]

Reseda phyteuma L.: Phelipanche resedarum Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Spain (Carlón & al. 2008; Gómez & al. 2021: 37)] [only on Reseda species]

Reseda stricta Pers.: Phelipanche resedarum Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Spain (Carlón & al. 2008)] [only on Reseda species]

Reseda suffruticosa Loefl. ex Koelp.: Phelipanche resedarum Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Spain (Carlón & al. 2008; Quiles Hoyo 2013)] [only on Reseda species]

Reseda undata L. [≡ Reseda alba var. undata (L.) DC.]: Phelipanche resedarum Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [Spain (Gómez Navarro & al. 2013: 84, 88; Gómez & al. 2021: 37)] [only on Reseda species]

Retama (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Retama sphaerocarpa (L.) Boiss.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [f. Guimarăes, 1904: 90] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Rhagadiolus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Rhagadiolus arenarius (Schousb.) B. D. Jacks. [vide Hedypnois arenaria (Schousb.) DC.]

Rhanterium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Rhanterium epapposum Oliv. [= Asteriscus arabicus Velen.]: Phelipanche muteliformis (M.J.Y. Foley) M.J.Y. Foley (2007) [exclusively]; Phelipanche umqasrensis Al-Mayah & Al-Asadi (2016) [exclusively]

Rhaponticoides (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Rhaponticoides alpina (L.) M.V. Agab. & Greuter  [≡ Centaurea alpina L.; = Rhaponticoides linaresii (Lázaro Ibiza) M.V. Agab. & Greuter; = Centaurea linaresii Lázaro Ibiza]: Orobanche leptantha Pomel (1874) [f. Gutiérrez Martín, 1908: 110; Carlón & al., 2003: 30] [usually on Centaurea aspera, sometimes on other Centaurea (incl. Rhaponticoides) species]

Rhaponticoides ruthenica (Lam.) M.V. Agab. & Greuter [≡ Centaurea ruthenica Lam.]: Orobanche kochii F.W. Schultz (1847) (= Orobanche centaurina Bertol. (1846)) [Russia (Zázvorka 2010: 83; MW 0513891)] [exclusively on Centaurea s. l. (incl. Cyanus, Psephellus, Rhaponticoides) and Echinops species, Compositae (Asteraceae)]

Rhododendron (Ericaceae)

Rhododendron arboreum Sm.: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [L 2825032; E 00229088; E 00229219] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron artosquameum I.B. Balf. & Forrest [vide Rhododendron oreotrephes W.W. Sm.]

Rhododendron campanulatum D. Don.: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [CHR 537394; CHR 498631; Aitcheson in Morris & al. 1973; Semwal & Gaur 1981; Bürzle & al. 2017] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron campylocarpum Hook. f.: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [Ozenda & Capdepon 1978; Kuijt & Toth 1985] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron croceum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm. [vide Rhododendron wardii W.W. Sm.]

Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl.: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [Chien-I Huang 1396 in HAST 096847] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron lepidotum Wall. [≡ Azalea lepidota (Wall.) Kuntze; = Rhododendron sinolepidotum I.B. Balf.]: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [E 00392108; E 00392188] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron litiense I.B. Balf. & Forrest [vide Rhododendron wardii W.W. Sm.]

Rhododendron nankotaisanense Hayata [vide Rhododendron pseudochrysanthum Hayata]

Rhododendron oreotrephes W.W. Sm. [= Rhododendron artosquameum I.B. Balf. & Forrest; = Rhododendron timeteum I.B. Balf. & Forrest]: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [G. Yatskievych in MO 5561131] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron phaeochrysum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm.: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [G. Yatskievych in MO 5561151, MO 5561152 et phytoimages.siu.edu 87914] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhododendron pseudochrysanthum Hayata [= Rhododendron nankotaisanense Hayata; = Rhododendronpseudochrysanthum var. nankotaisanense (Hayata) T. Yamazaki]: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [Wai-Chao Leong 3125 in HAST 096556] [only on Rhododendronspecies]

Rhododendron pseudochrysanthum var. nankotaisanense (Hayata) T. Yamazaki [vide Rhododendronpseudochrysanthum Hayata]

Rhododendron sinolepidotum I.B. Balf. [vide Rhododendron lepidotum Wall.]

Rhododendron timeteum I.B. Balf. & Forrest [vide Rhododendron oreotrephes W.W. Sm.]

Rhododendron wardii W.W. Sm. [= Rhododendron croceum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm.; = Rhododendron litienseI.B. Balf. & Forrest]: Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck (1890) [G. Yatskievychin MO 5561131] [only on Rhododendron species]

Rhus (Anacardiaceae)

Rhus coriaria L.: Orobanche transcaucasica Tzvelev (1958) [Turkey (Schneeweiss & al. 2004, sub O. transcaucasica; Carlón & al. 2005: 65, sub O. transcaucasica; Weiss-Schneeweiss & al. 2006: 153, sub O. transcaucasica)] [parasitic on shrubs (Anacardiaceae) and trees (Corylaceae)]; Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Russia, Krasnodar (Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 0723460; MW 1008906; https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/106260.html and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/106261.html); Turkey (L 2817134 - Iter Leydense 1959)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Robinia (Fabaceae [Leguminosae])

Robinia pseudoacacia L.Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2021)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Rosmarinus (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Rosmarinus eriocalyx Jordan & Fourr. [incl. R. tournefortii (Murb.) Jahandiez & Maire and R. tomentosus Huber-Morath & Maire]: Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848) [only on Rosmarinus species]

Rosmarinus officinalis L.: Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848) [only on Rosmarinus species]; Phelipanche rosmarina ([Welw. ex] Beck [1921]) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano (2005) [exclusively]

Rubia (Rubiaceae)

Rubia peregrina L.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [France (G. Moreno Moral MM0073/2010 in herb. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 13573)] [only on Rubiaceae species]; Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874) [only on Rubiaceae species]

Inicio / Top of page // Index of Orobanchaceae // References

Saccharum (Gramineae [Poaceae])

Saccharum japonicum Thunb. [vide Miscanthus sinensis Andersson]

Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. [Erianthus arundinaceus (Retz.) Jeswiet; Imperata exaltata (Roxb.) Brongn.]: Aeginetia indica L. (1753) [Ricaud & al. 2012] [parasitic on many species of monocotyledons (mainly on Poaceae and Zingiberaceae, but also on Cannaceae and Cyperaceae)]

Saccharum cylindricum (L.) Lam. [vide Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.]

Saccharum japonicum Thunb. [vide Miscanthus sinensis Andersson]

Saccharum officinarum L.: Aeginetia indica L. (1753) [Kusano 1903; Kusano 1908; Ricaud & al. 2012] [parasitic on many species of monocotyledons (mainly on Poaceae and Zingiberaceae, but also on Cannaceae and Cyperaceae)]; Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844) [Ray & Dasgupta 2003; Ricaud & al. 2012] [on Poaceae species]

Saccharum × sinense Roxb.: Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844) [Roxburgh 1814; Ray & Dasgupta 2009, sub A. pedunculata] [on Poaceae species]

Saccharum spontaneum L. [Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv.]: Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844) [Ray & Dasgupta 2009, sub A. pedunculata] [on Poaceae species]

Salicornia (Chenopodiaceae)

Salicornia caspica L. [vide Kalidium caspicum (L.) Ung.-Sternb.]

Salicornia foliata Pall. [vide Kalidium foliatum (Pall.) Moq.]

Salicornia fruticosa (L.) L. [vide Sarcocornia fruticosa (L.) A.J. Scott]

Salicornia macrostachya Moric. [vide Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moric.) Moris]

Salicornia perennis Mill. [vide Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A.J. Scott]

Salsola (Chenopodiaceae)

Salsola articulata Forssk. [vide Anabasis articulata (Forssk.) Moq.]

Salsola aucheri (Moq.) Iljin [≡ Kaviria aucheri (Moq.) Akhani; ≡ Noaea aucheri Moq.]: Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [Turkmenistan (LE s.n. - Piwowarczyk DSC09403; LE s.n. - Piwowarczyk DSC09404)] [parasitic on small shrubs of the families Chenopodiaceae and Compositae]; Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888) [Turkmenistan (Plantarium 433844)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.) and Fabaceae]

Salsola dendroides Pall. [≡ Caroxylon dendroides (Pall.) Tzvel.]: Cistanche armena (K. Koch) M.V. Agab. (2013) [Armenia (Aghababyan 2013: 137)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae shrubs, but in Armenia also observed on Alhagi maurorum Medik. (Fabaceae)]

Salsola genistoides Juss. ex Poir.: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]

Salsola oppositifolia Desf.: Cistanche mauritanica (Coss. & Durieu) Beck (1930) [Algeria (MPU 238442 - hb. Rayneval) and Spain [Chafarinas Islands] (SEV 153237; Mateos & Ojeda 1999: 188)] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Jahandiez & Maire 1934; Marchal & al. 2000] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]

Salsola passerina Bunge: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) [FRPS, accessed Oct 2013] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Salsola prostrata L. [vide Bassia prostrata (L.) Beck]

Salsola vermiculata L.: Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [Welwitsch, R. da Cunha, Guimarăes ex Guimarăes 1904: 192] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Salvia (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Salvia acetabulosa Vahl, non L. [vide Salvia multicaulis Vahl]

Salvia cedronella Boiss.: Orobanche anatolica Boiss. & Reut. ex Reut. in DC. (1847) [Turkey (Reuter 1847: 17, sec. Heldreich 1845; Boissier 1879: 504, sec. Heldreich; Beck 1930: 276, sec. Heldreich)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia glutinosa L.: Orobanche salviae F.W. Schultz (1830) [Schultz 1830; WU: S&T 3825]; Orobanche colorata K. Koch. (1843) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 96, sub O. colorata), Caucasus (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 113[107]), Georgia (Beck 1930: 260, sec. Woronin, sub O. kurdica [rev. Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub O. colorata])] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia grandiflora Etl. [vide Salvia tomentosa Mill.]

Salvia hypoleuca Benth.: Orobanche anatolica Boiss. & Reut. ex Reut. in DC. (1847) [Iran (Beck 1930: 276, sec. Bornmüller; Beck 1930: 277, sub O. anatolica)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia limbata C.A. Mey. [= Salvia polyadenia Boiss. & Heldr.]: Orobanche anatolica Boiss. & Reut. ex Reut. in DC. (1847) [Iran (Beck 1930: 276, sec. Bornmüller; Beck 1930: 277, sec. Bornmüller, sub O. anatolica)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia multicaulis Vahl [= Salvia szovitsiana Bunge; – Salvia acetabulosa Vahl, non L.]: Orobanche anatolica Boiss. & Reut. ex Reut. in DC. (1847) [Iraq (Beck 1930: 276, sec. Bornmüller; Beck 1930: 277, sec. Bornmüller, sub O. anatolica), Turkey (Beck 1930: 276, sec. Sintenis, sub O. anatolica)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia nemorosa L. [≡ Salvia sylvestris var. nemorosa (L.) Nyman; – Salvia sylvestris auct. plur., non L.]: Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000) [Czech Republic (Čelakovsky 1864: 110; Čelakovsky 1871; Zázvorka 2000; Pusch 2009: 42, sub O. alba subsp. major); Krim (A. Callier: Iter Tauricum tertium anni 1900 No. 691 (P 02982372; P 02982332; P 04410448)); Russia, Lipetsk Oblast (Beck 1930: 148, sub O. alba)] [only on Salvia species]

Salvia nemorosa subsp. pseudosylvestris (Stapf) Bornm. [= S. nemorosa subsp. tesquicola (Klokov & Pobed.) Soó; = S. tesquicola Klokov & Pobed.]: Orobanche colorata K. Koch. (1843) [Russia (MW 0723451 - А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov], sub O. colorata)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia nemorosa subsp. tesquicola (Klokov & Pobed.) Soó [vide Salvia nemorosa subsp. pseudosylvestris (Stapf) Bornm.]

Salvia nutans L.: Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000) [Russia, Belgorod Oblast (Plantarium id/457451); Russia, Krasnodar Krai (Plantarium id/18435 and id/134608); Ukraine, Luhansk Oblast (Plantarium id/454391)] [only on Salvia species]

Salvia polyadenia Boiss. & Heldr. [vide Salvia limbata C.A. Mey.]

Salvia pratensis L: Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000) [Czech Republic (Čelakovsky 1871; Zázvorka 2000: 502; Pusch 2009: 42, sub O. alba subsp. major); Russia, Lipetsk Oblast (Chitrow ex Beck 1930: 148, sub O. alba)] [only on Salvia species]

Salvia sylvestris auct. plur. non L. [vide Salvia nemorosa L.]

Salvia sylvestris var. nemorosa (L.) Nyman [vide Salvia nemorosa L.]

Salvia szovitsiana Bunge (vide Salvia multicaulis Vahl)

Salvia tesquicola Klokov & Pobed. [vide Salvia nemorosa subsp. pseudosylvestris (Stapf) Bornm.]

Salvia tomentosa Mill. [= Salvia grandiflora Etl.]: Orobanche anatolica Boiss. & Reut. ex Reut. in DC. (1847) [Balansa, Pl. d'Orient. 1855 (P 02982383)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Salvia verticillata L: Orobanche alba subsp. major (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000) [Zázvorka 2000; Pusch 2009: 42, sub O. alba subsp. major; Piwowarczyk (KTC)] [only on Salvia species]; Orobanche colorata K. Koch. (1843) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 96, sub O. colorata), Russia (MW 0723444.jpg - А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov], sub O. colorata)] [parasitic exclusively on Salvia sp.]

Sambucus (Viburnaceae Raf.)

Sambucus ebulus L.: Orobanche ebuli Huter & Rigo (1907) [f. Beck, 1930; Corazzi, 2003; Domina & al., 2018] [only on Sambucus ebulus]

Santolina (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Santolina canescens Lag. [≡ Santolina rosmarinifolia subsp. canescens (Lag.) Nyman; = Santolina rosmarinifolia var. heterophylla Willk.] (S. rosmarinifolia aggr.): Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [Pujadas 2002: 400] [only on Santolina species]

Santolina chamaecyparissus aggr.: Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [only on Santolina species]

Santolina chamaecyparissus auct., non L. [vide Santolina ericoides Poir.]

Santolina chamaecyparissus subsp. magonica O. Bolňs, Molin. & P. Monts. [vide Santolina magonica (O. Bolňs, Molinier & P. Monts.) Romo]

Santolina chamaecyparissus var. magonica (O. Bolňs, Molin. & P. Monts.) O. Bolňs & Vigo [vide Santolina magonica (O. Bolňs, Molinier & P. Monts.) Romo]

Santolina chamaecyparissus subsp. squarrosa (DC.) Nyman [vide Santolina ericoides Poir.]

Santolina corsica Jord. & Fourr. (S. chamaecyparissus aggr.): Orobanche cyrnea Jeanm., Habashi & Manen (2005) [exclusively (Corse)] [Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 37]

Santolina ericoides Poir. [= Santolina chamaecyparissus subsp. squarrosa (DC.) Nyman (1879); Santolina decumbens auct., non Mill.; Santolina villosa auct., non Mill.] (S. chamaecyparissus aggr.): Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [only on Santolina species]

Santolina decumbens auct., non Mill. (1768) [vide Santolina ericoides Poir.]

Santolina leucantha Bertol. [vide Santolina pinnata Viv.]

Santolina magonica (O. Bolňs, Molinier & P. Monts.) Romo [≡ Santolina chamaecyparissus subsp. magonica O. Bolňs, Molin. & P. Monts.]: Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [only on Santolina species]

Santolina pinnata Viv. [= Santolina leucantha Bertol.]: Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [Orobanche apuana Domina & Soldano (2015), Italy] [only on Santolina species]

Santolina rosmarinifolia aggr.: Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [only on Santolina species]

Santolina rosmarinifolia subsp. canescens (Lag.) Nyman [vide Santolina canescens Lag.]

Santolina rosmarinifolia subsp. semidentata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Valdés Berm. [vide Santolina semidentata Hoffmanns. & Link]

Santolina rosmarinifolia var. heterophylla Willk. [vide Santolina canescens Lag.]

Santolina scariosa Ball [vide Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt]

Santolina semidentata Hoffmanns. & Link [≡ Santolina rosmarinifolia subsp. semidentata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Valdés Berm.; = Santolina zamorana Losa] (S. rosmarinifolia aggr.): Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [only on Santolina species]

Santolina villosa auct., non Mill. (1768) [vide Santolina ericoides Poir.]

Santolina viscosa Lag.: Orobanche santolinae Loscos & J. Pardo (1863) [Pujadas 2002: 400] [only on Santolina species]

Santolina zamorana Losa [vide Santolina semidentata Hoffmanns. & Link]

Sarcocornia (Chenopodiaceae)

Sarcocornia fruticosa (L.) A.J. Scott [≡ Salicornia fruticosa (L.) L.; ≡ Arthrocnemum fruticosum (L.) Moq.]: Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [Jahandiez & Maire 1934; A. Pujadas] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Sarcocornia perennis (Mill.) A.J. Scott [≡ Salicornia perennis Mill.; ≡ Arthrocnemum perenne (Mill.) Moss]: Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [Laínz 1968: 24] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]

Sarothamnus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Sarothamnus catalaunicus Webb [vide Cytisus arboreus subsp. catalaunicus (Webb) Maire]

Sarothamnus grandiflorus (Brot.) Webb [vide Cytisus grandiflorus (Brot.) DC. subsp. grandiflorus (Brot.) DC.]

Sarothamnus purgans (L.) Fourr. [vide Genista scorpius (L.) DC.]

Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) W.D.J. Koch [vide Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link subsp. scoparius]

Sarothamnus scoparius subsp. maritimus (Rouy) Ulbr. [vide Cytisus scoparius subsp. maritimus (Rouy) Heywood]

Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm. [vide Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link]

Sarothamnus welwitschii Boiss. & Reut. [vide Cytisus striatus (Hill) Rothm.]

Satureja (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Satureja capitata L. [vide Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav.]

Satureja intricata Lange: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12925 et 12940)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Satureja montana L.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [France (Vaucher 1827: 54); Greece (Hartvig 1995: 270)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Satureja thymbra L.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Turkey (G 00330045 - Balansa 1855 n. 765) ] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Scabiosa (Dipsacaceae)

Scabiosa caucasica M. Bieb. [vide Lomelosia caucasica (M. Bieb.) Greuter & Burdet]

Scabiosa cinerea Lapeyr. ex Lam. [= S. leucophylla Borbás]: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Scabiosa columbaria L.: Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825) [Reichenbach fil. 1862: 96, sub O. platystigma; Saint-Lager 1883: 609, sub O. scabioshaerens; Beck 1890: 221; Uhlich & al. 1995: 199] [usually on Carduus species and Cirsium species, more rarely on Dipsacaceae (e.g., Scabiosa)]

Scabiosa dipsacifolia Host [vide Knautia dipsacifolia (Host) Kreutzer]: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Scabiosa gigantea Ledeb. [vide Cephalaria gigantea (Ledeb.) Bobrov]

Scabiosa lucida Vill.: Orobanche pancicii Beck (1887) [only on Dipsacaceae species]

Scabiosa pterocephala L. [vide Pterocephalus perennis Coulter]

Scandix (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Scandix pecten-veneris L.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Libya (MPU 008117 - Maire & Weiller 1180)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [herb. Barbadillo 3389, unconfirmed] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Scariola (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Scariola viminea (L.) F. W. Schmidt [vide Lactuca viminea (L.) J. & C. Presl]

Schizogyne (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Schizogyne sericea (L. fil.) Sch. Bip. [≡ Chrysocoma sericea L. fil.; = Inula schizogyne Masf., nom. nov.]: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) [Spain, Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13506, 13507, 13529B)] [mainly on Artemisia species, also on other Compositae species and, more rarely, on other families such as Solanaceae]

Scolymus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Scolymus grandiflorus Desf. [≡ Scolymus hispanicus subsp. grandiflorus (Desf.) P. Fourn.]: Orobanche scolymi Pomel (1874) [Algeria (Pomel 1874: 108)] [apparently only parasitic on Scolymus sp.]

Scolymus hispanicus subsp. grandiflorus (Desf.) P. Fourn. [vide Scolymus grandiflorus Desf.]

Scolymus maculatus L. [≡ Scolymus paniculatus Ucria]: Orobanche scolymi Pomel (1874) [Algeria (Pomel 1874; Battandier 1890)] [apparently only parasitic on Scolymus sp.]

Scolymus paniculatus Ucria [vide Scolymus maculatus L.]

Scorpiurus (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Scorpiurus muricatus L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Beck 1890: 205; Guimarăes 1904: 112 "Welwitsch!, A. Guimarăes!", 114 "J. Daveau!"] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Scorpiurus muricatus subsp. subvillosus (L.) Thell. [vide Scorpiurus subvillosus L.]

Scorpiurus subvillosus L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Beck 1890: 205; Guimarăes 1904: 112 "Welwitsch!", 114 "A. Guimarăes ... R. da Cunha!", 115 "J. Deveau!"] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Scorpiurus sulcatus L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Portugal (Guimarăes 1904: 114 "A. Guimarăes")] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Scorpiurus vermiculatus L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Beck 1890: 205; Guimarăes 1904: 113 "Daveau!", 114 "A. Guimarăes"] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]

Scorzonera (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Scorzonera laciniata L. [vide Podospermum laciniatum (L.) DC.]

Scorzonera picroides L. [vide Reichardia picroides (L.) Roth]

Scorzonera tingitana L. [vide Reichardia tingitana (L.) Roth]

Scutellaria (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Scutellaria cypria Rech. f. [Scutellaria hirta auct.]: Orobanche cypria Reuter ex Kotschy (1865) [Kotschy 1865; Boissier 1875; Piwowarczyk 2015; Y. Christofides in Günther, accessed Jan 2017] [mostly on Pterocephalus species, more rarely on Lamiaceae species (e. g., Scutellaria cypria Rech. f.)]

Scutellaria orientalis L.: Phelipanche bungeana (Beck) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29)] [apparently only parasitic on Lamiaceae sp., such as Teucrium sp.]

Scutellaria sosnowskyi Takht.: Orobanche zajaciorum Piwow. (2015) [Piwowarczyk 2015] [exclusively on Scutellaria sosnowskyi]

Selinum (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Selinum cervaria L. [vide Peucedanum cervaria Lapeyr. (1813)]

Senecio (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Senecio cineraria DC., nom. nov. [vide Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden]

Senecio greyi Hook. f. [vide Brachyglottis greyi (Hook. f.) B. Nord.]

Senecio jacobaea L. [vide Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn.]

Senecio murrayi Bornm. [≡ Pericallis murrayi (Bornm.) B. Nord.]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Canary Islands] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Seriola (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Seriola aethnensis L., nom. illeg. [vide Hypochaeris achyrophorus L.]

Seriphidium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Seriphidium barrelieri (Besser) Soják [vide Artemisia barrelieri Besser]

Seriphidium lercheanum var. astrachanicum (Kazak.) Y. R. Ling [vide Artemisia lercheana Weber ex Stechm.]

Seriphidium ramosum (Buch) Dobignard [vide Artemisia ramosa Buch]

Seriphidium santonicum (L.) Soják [vide Artemisia santonicum L.]

Seriphidium monogynum (Waldst. & Kit.) Poljakovm [vide Artemisia santonicum L.]

Seriphidium sublessingianum (B. Keller) Poljakov [vide Artemisia sublessingiana (B. Keller) Krasch. ex Poljakov]

Seriphidium tauricum (Willd.) Poljakov [vide Artemisia taurica Willd.]

Serratula (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Serratula coriacea DC [vide Klasea coriacea (DC.) Holub]

Serratula quinquefolia Willd. [vide Klasea quinquefolia (Willd.) Greuter & Wagenitz]

Sesamum [Pedaliaceae]

Sesamum indicum L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Iran (Teimoury & al. 2012), Uzbekistan (MW 0878051)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Seseli (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Seseli austriacum (Beck) Wohlf. [vide Seseli elatum subsp. austriacum (Beck) P.W. Ball.]

Seseli elatum subsp. austriacum (Beck) P.W. Ball. [≡ Seseli austriacum (Beck) Wohlf.]: Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844) [Austria (Pujadas & Gómez 2000: 274, Thalheim W 10256; Niederwölz W 11117)] [only on Seseli species (usually on Seseli libanotis, more rarely on other Apiaceae sp.)]

Seseli elatum subsp. heterophyllum (Janka) Holub [vide Seseli osseum Crantz]

Seseli heterophyllum Janka [vide Seseli osseum Crantz]

Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (1824) [≡ Athamanta libanotis L. (1753); Libanotis vulgaris DC. (1830); = Libanotis pyrenaica (L.) O. Schwarz (1949)]: ? Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836) [Beck 1890: 177; 1930: 256; Pujadas & Gómez 2000: 272 (Steir, LI 841428; Martinsroda, LZ 32308; Madetilschausen, M s/n; Bŕrye, B s/n)] [parasitic mostly on Peucedanum species, rarely on other Umbelliferae [Apiaceae] species (e.g., Seseli sp.)]; Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844) [only on Seseli species (usually on Seseli libanotis, more rarely on other Apiaceae sp.)]

Seseli mucronatum (Schrenk) Pimenov & Sdobnina [= Libanotis dolichostyla Schischk.]: Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844) [Kyrgyzstan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/524615.html by Георгий Лазьков [Georgii Anatoljevoch Lazkov] 2017, sub O. alsatica)] [only on Seseli species (usually on Seseli libanotis, more rarely on other Apiaceae sp.)]

Seseli osseum Crantz [= Seseli elatum subsp. heterophyllum (Janka) Holub]: Orobanche alsatica Kirschl. (1836) [Austria (Weber 1976: 304); Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 508 t. 82 f. 2)] [parasitic mostly on Peucedanum species, rarely on other Umbelliferae [Apiaceae] species (e.g., Seseli sp.)]

Seseli pallasii Besser [= Seseli varium Trevir.]: Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844) [Russia (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78373376 by Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич (Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich))] [only on Seseli species (usually on Seseli libanotis, more rarely on other Apiaceae sp.)]

Seseli schrenkianum (C.A. Mey. ex Schischk.) Pimenov & Sdobnina [≡ Libanotis schrenkiana C.A.Mey. ex Schischk.]: Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844) [Kazakhstan (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/648945.html, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/648947 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/648948 by Александр Эбель [Aleksandr L. Ebel] 2020, sub O. alsatica)] [only on Seseli species (usually on Seseli libanotis, more rarely on other Apiaceae sp.)]

Seseli tortuosum L. [Seseli arenarium M. Bieb; Seseli glaucum M. Bieb., non Jacq.]: Orobanche bartlingii Griseb. (1844) [Russia (MW 1008914; MW 0723410)] [only on Seseli species (usually on Seseli libanotis, more rarely on other Apiaceae sp.)]

Seseli varium Trevir. [vide Seseli pallasii Besser]

Sherardia (Rubiaceae)

Sherardia arvensis L.: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798) [Beck 1890: 160, sub O. caryophyllacea; Beck 1930: 227, sub O. caryophyllacea] [only on Rubiaceae species]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [France (P 04242439); Corsica Island, France (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 102); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11865 et 13478; MA 882988, VAL 222905, J. Gómez 2838)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Sideritis (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Sideritis hyssopifolia L. [aggr.]: Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (1847) [frequently; only on Labiatae and Ranunculaceae species]

Silene (Caryophyllaceae)

Silene iberica M. Bieb.: Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 28)] [apparently only parasitic on Rubiaceae and Caryophyllaceae species]

Silene spergulifolia (Willd.) M. Bieb. [= Silene supina M. Bieb.]: Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 28)] [apparently only parasitic on Rubiaceae and Caryophyllaceae species]

Silene supina M. Bieb. [vide Silene spergulifolia (Willd.) M. Bieb.]

Silybum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. [≡ Carduus marianus L.]: Orobanche palaestina Reut. (1847) [Israel and Palestinian territories (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+)] [only on Compositae species]

Sinapis (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Sinapis alba L. [≡ Brassica alba (L.) Boiss.]: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Cyprus (O-V 2254838)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Solanaceae, etc.]; Phelipanche brassicae (Novopokr.) Soják (1972) [former European USSR (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 63[59], sub O. brassicae (Novopokr.) Novopokr.)] [usually on cultivated species of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), but it was sometime mentioned on other families]

Smyrnium (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Smyrnium olusatrum L.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Malta (sec. S. Mifsud, pers. comm., 28 Apr 2010)] [only on Compositae and Umbelliferae species]

Solanum (Solanaceae)

Solanum bonariense L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Solanum lycopersicum L. [vide Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.]

Solanum melongena L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Egypt (Decaisne 1835: 201, sub O. Delilii; L 2814871), Iran (P 02982297; K 000061346; K 000061347), Iraq (L 2814870 - Herbarium Noëanum; P 02982851; K 000061350)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]; Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [(unconfirmed). Formerly USSR (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 80[75]); India (Musselman 1994: 29, sub O. cernua)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Solanum nigrum L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Iran (Bornmüller 1910: 158, sub O. aegyptiaca Pers.)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Solanum tuberosum L.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Cyprus (O-V 2254836); Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958; Goldwasser & al. 2001] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]; Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874) [Germany (Schultz 1830: 504, sub O. cannabios); Chile (Kogan 1994)] [usually on cultivated species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families]

Solenanthus (Boraginaceae)

Solenanthus Ldb.: Orobanche solenanthi Novopok (1950) [Tajikistan (Novopokrovskij 1950: 284; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 78[73])] [exclusively]

Sonchus (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill [≡ Sonchus oleraceus var. asper L.; = Sonchus spinosus Lam.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Sonchus bulbosus (L.) N. Kilian & Greuter [≡ Aetheorhiza bulbosa (L.) Cass.; ≡ Crepis bulbosa (L.) Tausch; ≡ Leontodon bulbosus L.; ≡ Prenanthes bulbosa DC.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [France (Jordan 1846: 226 "Marseille"; Reuter 1847: 27; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 101; P 04385071 - hb. Grenier; P 04410979 - hb. Léveillé - ex Hb. Univ. Caen; Beck 1930: 184 "sec. Jordan"; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 59 "d’hôtes soient quasi toujours", 100; Crouzet & al. 2009: 60; Marseille sur l’île de Maďre, habit by Virgile Noble)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Sonchus oleraceus L.: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Sonchus oleraceus var. asper L. [vide Sonchus asper (L.) Hill]

Sonchus pectinatus DC. [vide Sonchus tenerrimus L.]

Sonchus spinosus Lam. [vide Sonchus asper (L.) Hill]

Sonchus tataricus L. [vide Lactuca tatarica (L.) C. A. Mey.]

Sonchus tenerrimus L.: Phelipanche aedoi Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [only on Compositae species (Launaea arborescens and Sonchus tenerrimus)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Sonchus tuberifer Svent.: Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874) [unconfirmed; mainly on Compositae (Asteraceae) species (Asteriscus sp., Calendula sp., Crepis sp., Hedypnois sp., Lactuca sp., Launaea sp., Leontodon sp., Reichardia sp., Sonchus sp., etc.), more rarely on Leguminosae species (Ononis sp., etc.); sometimes on cultivated and wild species of other families]

Spartium (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Spartium aetnense Biv. [vide Genista aetnensis (Biv.) DC.]

Spartium cinereum Vill. [vide Genista cinerea (Vill.) DC.]

Spartium infestum C. Presl [vide Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss.]

Spartium junceum L. [≡ Genista juncea (L.) Scop.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [f. F.W. Noë ex Reichenbach fil., 1862: 92; Beck, 1890: 199; Beck, 1930: 281] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) [f. Gussone, 1828-32: 183; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 93; Beck, 1890: 208; Foley, 2001: 72; Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 227] [only on shrub species of Leguminosae]

Spartium lanigerum Desf. [vide Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link]

Spartium multiflorum L' Hér. [vide Cytisus multiflorus (L' Hér.) Sweet]

Spartium pilosum (L.) Roth [vide Genista pilosa L.]

Spartium radiatum L. [vide Genista radiata (L.) Scop.]

Spartium scoparium L. [vide Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link]

Spartium scorpius L. [vide Genista scorpius (L.) DC.]

Spartium spinosum L. [vide Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]

Spartium villosum Poir. [vide Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link]

Spinacia (Chenopodiaceae)

Spinacia oleracea L. [s.l.]: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Goldwasser & al. 1995] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Stachys (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Stachys inflata Benth.: Phelipanche cilicica (Reut.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 33)] [on Lamiaceae sp., mainly parasitic on Stachys inflata Benth., rarely Phlomis sp.]

Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn [≡ Betonica macrantha K. Koch]: Orobanche javakhetica Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. (2018) [exclusively Lomelosia caucasica and Stachys macrantha]

Staehelina (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Staehelina dubia L.: Orobanche staehelinae D. Pav., Michaud, Véla & J.-M.Tison (2015) [France (Pavon & al. 2015)] [exclusively]

Statice (Plumbaginaceae)

Statice monopetala L. [vide Limoniastrum monopetalum (L.) Boiss.]

Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae)

Suaeda fruticosa auct. [vide Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel.]

Suaeda fruticosa subsp. vera (Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel.) Maire & Weiller [vide Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel.]

Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel. [≡ Suaeda fruticosa subsp. vera (Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel.) Maire & Weiller; – Suaeda fruticosa auct.; – Chenopodium fruticosum auct., non L.]: Cistanche mauritanica (Coss. & Durieu) Beck (1930) [Algeria (P 02985971 - M. Durieu 1840-1844; P 00214516 - hb. Drake; E 00029743; E 00029751; Cosson & Durieu 1857: 410, "Balansa pl. Alger. exsicc. n. 413 sub nomine P. violacea", sub P. mauritanica; Moreno Moral & al. 2018: 24) and Morocco (Mimoun Bachiri); López Jiménez & Mola Caballero de Rodas 2002] [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913) [only on Chenopodiaceae species]; Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]; Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Morocco (sec. Mimoun Bachiri)] [parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, as well as on other Plumbaginaceae and Zygophyllaceae species]

Sukhorukovia (Chenopodiaceae)

Sukhorukovia cana (C.A. Mey.) Vasjukov [vide Atriplex cana C.A. Mey.]

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Tamarix (Tamaricaceae)

Tamarix sp.: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Draa valley, Morocco (Jan Koeman, pers. comm. [photo!], Mar 2012)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]; Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Beck 1930: 32; Boulos 2002: 95; Wang & al. 2009] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]; Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888) [Afghanistan (Aitchison 1888: 94; Bornmüller 1904: 686; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26])] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.) and Fabaceae]

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. [= Tamarix articulata Vahl]: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Morocco (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 693)] [mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, also mentioned on Tamaricaceae (Tamarix sp.)]; Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Jafri 1978: 5; Fahmy & al. 1996] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Tamarix chinensis Lour.: Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Boulos 2002: 95; Wang & al. 2009] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Tamarix hispida Willd.: Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Boulos 2002: 95; Wang & al. 2009] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Tamarix indica Willd.: Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Ilahi & al. 2009] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

Tanacetum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Tanacetum argyrophyllum (C. Koch) Tzvel. [vide Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. argyrophyllum (K. Koch) Podlech]

Tanacetum aureum (Lam.) Greuter, M.V. Agab. & Wagenitz [≡ Achillea aurea Lam.; = Tanacetum chiliophyllum (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Sch. Bip.; = Pyrethrum chiliophyllum DC.]: Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 19, sub D. tournefortii)] [parasitic exclusively on Tanacetum species]

Tanacetum balsamitoides Sch. Bip.: Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019 : 22)] [usually on Achillea species (in particular on Achillea millefolium), more rarely on Artemisia species]

Tanacetum canescens DC. [≡ Pyrethrum canescens (DC.) Boiss.]: Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 19, sub D. tournefortii)] [parasitic exclusively on Tanacetum species]

Tanacetum chiliophyllum (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Sch. Bip. [vide Tanacetum aureum (Lam.) Greuter, M. V. Agab. & Wagenitz]

Tanacetum myriophyllum Willd., nom. illeg. [vide Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. argyrophyllum (K. Koch) Podlech]

Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. argyrophyllum (K. Koch) Podlech [≡ Tanacetum argyrophyllum (C. Koch) Tzvel.; = Tanacetum myriophyllum Willd., nom. illeg.; = Achillea bipinnata L.; = Pyrethrum myriophyllum auct. plur.]: Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 19, sub D. tournefortii)] [parasitic exclusively on Tanacetum species]

Tanacetum polycephalum subsp. duderanum (Boiss.) Podlech [≡ Pyrethrum duderanum Boiss.; = Pyrethrum myriophyllum sensu C.A. Mey., non Tanacetum myriophyllum Willd., nom. illeg.]: Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807) [Bushe ex Fischer 1852: 107 (Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan), sub Anoplanthus Tournefortii; Bushe ex Stapf 1915: 293 (Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan), sub P. tournefortii; Beck 1930: 44, sub P. tournefortii; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 30[28]] [parasitic exclusively on Tanacetum species]

Teline (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Teline linifolia (L.) Webb & Berthel. [vide Genista linifolia L.]

Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch [≡ Cytisus monspessulanus L.; ≡ Genista monspessulana (L.) L.A.S. Johnson; = Cytisus candicans (L.) Lam.]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101] [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Tetraena (Zygophyllaceae)

Tetraena alba (L. f.) Beier & Thulin [≡ Zygophyllum album L. f.]: Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [Libya and Tunisia (P 04608139, P 02985969 et P 02985973; Cosson & Kralik 1857: 409, "Kralik, Plant. Tunetanae, n. 291", sub P. violacea; Jafri 1978: 5, sub C. violacea, Libya)] [parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species, as well as on other Plumbaginaceae and Zygophyllaceae species]

Tetraena qatarensis (Hadidi) Beier & Thulin [vide Zygophyllum qatarense Hadidi]

Tetrapanax (Araliaceae)

Tetrapanax papyrifer (Hook.) K. Koch [≡ Araliae papyrifera Hook.; Fatsia papyrifera (Hook.) Miq. ex Witte]: Orobanche hederae Vaucher ex Duby (1828) [Garden weed (Meissner 1866: 17, sub O. aralioctona; Beck 1890: 261; Beck 1930: 219; Beck 1930: 220)] [only on Araliaceae species (usually on Hedera sp., more rarely on other genera Fatsia, × Fatshedera and Kalopanax)]

Teucrium (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Teucrium aureum Schreb.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) ["Vauvenargues, sur les crętes de Sainte-Victoire (France)" (Crouzet & al. 2009: 60)] [only on Teucrium species]

Teucrium capitatum L.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 80, 102, 114 t. 4); Bulgaria (Stoyanov [Стоянов] 2012: 301)] [only on Teucrium species]

Teucrium chamaedrys L.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [only on Teucrium species]; Phelipanche bungeana (Beck) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29)] [apparently only parasitic on Lamiaceae sp., such as Teucrium sp.]

Teucrium expassum Pau: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [Spain, León (Egido & al. 2007: 374)] [only on Teucrium species]

Teucrium marum L.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 80, 102, 114 t. 4)] [only on Teucrium species]

Teucrium montanum L.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [Schultz 1840: 128; hb. Tourlet 0931.02; Zázvorka 2000: 505] [only on Teucrium species]

Teucrium polium L., aggr.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [only on Teucrium species]; Phelipanche bungeana (Beck) Soják (1972) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 29)] [apparently only parasitic on Lamiaceae sp., such as Teucrium sp.]

Teucrium polium subsp. capitatum (L.) Arcang. [vide Teucrium capitatum L.]

Teucrium polium subsp. expassum (Pau) Rivas Goday & Borja [vide Teucrium expassum Pau]

Teucrium pyrenaicum L.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [only on Teucrium species]

Teucrium scordium L.: Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829) [Bulgaria (Stoyanov [Стоянов] 2012: 301)] [only on Teucrium species]

Thalictrum (Ranunculaceae)

Thalictrum minus L.: Orobanche krylowii Beck (1881) [Krylov 1939: 2545; Tzvelev 1981: 334[458]; Frajman & al. 2013] [only on Thalictrum minus L., s.l.]

Thapsia (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Thapsia garganica L.: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Schultz 1844, Algeria (P 02970656; P 02970661; P 02985960; P 02985954), Tunisia (P 02985963; P 02985966)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Thapsia maxima Mill. [vide Thapsia villosa L.]

Thapsia tenuifola Lag. [vide Distichoselinum tenuifolium (Lag.) García Martín & Silvestre]

Thapsia villosa L.: Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) [Pujadas 1996; Spain (Oltra 2014: 85)] [only on Umbelliferae species]

Thrincia (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Thrincia hirta sensu Willkomm & Lange (1865) et auct. [vide Leontodon saxatilis Lam. subsp. saxatilis]

Thrincia hispida Roth [vide Leontodon saxatilis subsp. rothii Maire]

Thymbra (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. [≡ Satureja capitata L.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Greece (Gutermann & al. 2014)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Thymus ×arenarius Bernh. ex Rchb. [≡ Thymus serpyllum var. arenarius (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Nyman]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Germany (Beck 1930: 146)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus britannicus Ronniger [vide Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus (Ronniger) Holub]

Thymus callieri Borbás ex Velen. [vide Thymus roegneri K. Koch]

Thymus chamaedrys Fr. [vide Thymus pulegioides L. subsp. pulegioides]

Thymus comosus Heuff. ex Griseb. & Schenk [≡ Thymus serpyllum subsp. comosus (Heuff. ex Griseb. & Schenk) Lyka]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Romania (Beck 1930: 146)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus conspersus Čelak. [vide Thymus spinulosus Ten.]

Thymus dalmaticus (Rchb. f.) Freyn [vide Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis]

Thymus drucei Ronniger [vide Thymus praecox subsp. ligusticus (Briq.) Paiva & Salgueiro]

Thymus glabrescens Willd. [vide Thymus odoratissimus Mill.]

Thymus helendzhicus Klokov & Des.-Shost.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Russia (MW 1008928)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus humifusus Bernh. ex Link [vide Thymus praecox subsp. praecox]

Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis [= Thymus dalmaticus (Rchb. f.) Freyn]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus marschallianus Willd. [vide Thymus pulegioides subsp. pannonicus (All.) Kerguélen]

Thymus mastichina L.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [herb. Laínz; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12922, unconfirmed] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus montanus Waldst. & Kit., nom. illeg. [vide Thymus pulegioides subsp. montanus (Benth.) Ronniger]

Thymus odoratissimus Mill. [= Thymus glabrescens Willd.; = Thymus serpyllum subsp. glabrescens (Willd.) Lyka] [Romania (PE 01463699)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus pannonicus All. [vide Thymus pulegioides subsp. pannonicus (All.) Kerguélen]

Thymus polytrichus. A. Kern ex Borbás [vide Thymus praecox subsp. polytrichus (A. Kern. ex Borbás) Jalas]

Thymus praecox Opiz [aggr.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus (Ronniger) Holub: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 05898; 07993 and 07877)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus praecox subsp. ligusticus (Briq.) Paiva & Salgueiro [= Thymus drucei Ronniger]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [England (Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 108)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus praecox subsp. polytrichus (A. Kern. ex Borbás) Jalas: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12918)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus praecox subsp. praecox [= Thymus humifusus Bernh. ex Link]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus pulegioides L. [aggr.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus pulegioides subsp. montanus (Benth.) Ronniger [= Thymus montanus Waldst. & Kit., nom. illeg.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus pulegioides subsp. pannonicus (All.) Kerguélen [≡ Thymus pannonicus All.; = Thymus marschallianus Willd.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1930: 146; Kreutz 1995; Russia (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/432075.html)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus pulegioides L. subsp. pulegioides [= Thymus chamaedrys Fr.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Austria (MW 0790993, PE 01463704, PE 01463703); Germany (Holl & Heynhold 1842: 480)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus roegneri K. Koch [= Thymus callieri Borbás ex Velen.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Russia (MW 1008927)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus serpyllum L. [aggr.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Czech Republic (Čelakovsky 1864: 110); France (Vaucher 1827: 53, P 04384487); Germany (Dietrich 1835: 252; Holl & Heynhold 1842: 480; P 04384480 - hb. E. Drake); Italy (Vaucher 1827: 53); Spain (Guardiola & al. 2009: 35); Switzerland (Vaucher 1827: 53); Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus serpyllum subsp. britannicus (Ronniger) P. Fourn. [vide Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus (Ronniger) Holub]

Thymus serpyllum subsp. comosus (Heuff. ex Griseb. & Schenk) Lyka [vide Thymus comosus Heuff. ex Griseb. & Schenk]

Thymus serpyllum subsp. glabrescens (Willd.) Lyka [vide Thymus odoratissimus Mill.]

Thymus serpyllum subsp. praecox (Opiz) Vollmann [vide Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus (Ronniger) Holub]

Thymus serpyllum var. arenarius (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Nyman [vide Thymus × arenarius Bernh. ex Rchb.]

Thymus serpyllum L. subsp. serpyllum [= Thymus subcitratus Schreb.; – Thymus angustifolius Pers., nom. illeg.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus spinulosus Ten. [= Thymus conspersus Čelak.]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Italy (Beck 1930: 146)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus subcitratus Schreb. [vide Thymus serpyllum L. subsp. serpyllum]

Thymus teucrioides Boiss. & Spruner: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Greece (Hartvig 1995: 270)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus vulgaris L. [France (Vaucher 1827: 53); Spain (ARAN 34753); Beck 1930: 146] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Thymus zygis Loefl. ex L.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Italia (P 04384478; P 04384484); Spain (herb. Laínz; herb. Patallo 00233; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 07769, 11884 et 12148)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Tolpis (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Tolpis barbata (L.) Gaertn. [≡ Crepis barbata L.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Tolpis virgata (Desf.) Bertol. [≡ Crepis virgata Desf.]: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Tunisia (El Mokni & al. 2015: 9, sub O. pubescens)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Tordylium (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Tordylium apulum L.: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Greece (https://www.parasiticplants.siu.edu...OrobancheVersicolor2.jpg by Andreas S. Fleischmann (Parasitic Plant Connection by D.L. Nickrent; accessed Feb 2013))] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Torilis (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae])

Torilis Adans: Orobanche pubescens d’Urv. (1822) [Krim (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 103[98], sub O. versicolor)] [usually on Compositae (Ateraceae) and Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) species and perhaps on others families too]

Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [WG - herb. Gutermann 34174, unconfirmed] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Tragopogon (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Tragopogon dalechampii L. [vide Urospermum dalechampii (L.) F. W. Schmidt]

Tragopogon picroides L. [vide Urospermum picroides ( L. ) F.W.Schmidt]

Tragopogon nachitschevanicus Kuth. [vide Tragopogon pterocarpus DC.]

Tragopogon pterocarpus DC. [= Tragopogon nachitschevanicus Kuth.]: Phelipanche zangezuri Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. (2017) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 31)] [exclusively]

Trifolium (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Trifolium alexandrinum L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Tunisia (Amri & al 2013, sub P. ramosa)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Trifolium angustifolium L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Spain (SALA 14791, unconfirmed)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Trifolium canescens Willd.: Orobanche owerinii (Beck) Beck (1922) [Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77); South Ossetia (MW 0723356)] [mostly on Fabaceae, usually on species of Trifolium L. and Vicia L.]

Trifolium glomeratum L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium hybridum L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Hipkin 1992] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium maritimum Huds. [vide Trifolium squamosum L.]

Trifolium occidentale Coombe: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Thorogood & al. 2009] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Trifolium nigrescens Viv. [= Trifolium nigrescens var. intermedium Rouy; Trifolium polyanthemum Ten. ex Ser.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium nigrescens var. intermedium Rouy [vide Trifolium nigrescens Viv.]

Trifolium polyanthemum Ten. ex Ser. [vide Trifolium nigrescens Viv.]

Trifolium pratense L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Beck 1890: 137; Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101); Spain (Pujadas 2002: 392)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [England (Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor Sutton; Beck 1930: 211); France (P 04384928; P 04411819); Germany (P 04384917); Netherlands (Kreutz 1995); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12229; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11343; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13106; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14109)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium repens L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [f. "n.ş 1084 a, Perira Coutinho!" (Guimarăes 1904: 114; Beck 1930: 292; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e. g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium scabrum L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Trifolium squamosum L. [= Trifolium maritimum Huds.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium stellatum L.: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium subterraneum L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Greece (herb. Gutermann 34176 (Carlón & al. 2005: 64))] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [Guimarăes 1904: 170, sub "subsp. neglecta"; Beck 1930: 212, sub "f. neglecta" [sec. "Welwitsch f."]; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Trifolium trichocephalum M. Bieb.: Orobanche owerinii (Beck) Beck (1922) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77)] [mostly on Fabaceae, usually on species of Trifolium L. and Vicia L.]

Trigonella (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Tunisia (Amri & al. 2009)] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [France (P 04384567 - hb. E. Drake)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Trigonella gladiata Steven ex M. Bieb. [= Trigonella prostrata DC.]: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [France (Jordan ex Beck 1930: 99, sub O. mutelii)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Trigonella prostrata DC. [vide Trigonella gladiata Steven ex M. Bieb.]

Tropaeolum (Tropaeolaceae)

Tropaeolum majus L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Battandier 1890: 661; Beck 1930: 137; Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 34 "aujourd'hui son hôte privilégié", 102, 114 t. 4); Malta (Malta Wild Plants); Portugal (Jörn Germer)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 102); Mascarene Islands, Mauritius (P 03004173), Portugal (Thorogood 2008)] [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]

Tussilago (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Tussilago alba L. [vide Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.]

Tussilago farfara L.: Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. (1829) [needs be confirmed. Beck 1890: 182; "AY209255: Georgia, Great Caucasus" (Carlón & al. 2005: 54)] [mainly on Petasites paradoxus, rarely on other Petasites species. More rarely, also on other Compositae species]

Tussilago hybrida L. [vide Petasites hybridus (L.) G. Gaertn. & al.]

Tussilago nivea Vill. [vide Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.]

Tussilago paradoxa Retz. [vide Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.]

Tussilago petasites L. [vide Petasites hybridus (L.) G. Gaertn. & al.]

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Ulex (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Ulex baeticus Boiss.: Orobanche austrohispanica M.J.Y. Foley (2001) [mostly on Ulex species]

Ulex europaeus L.: Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [Rumsey & Jury 1991: 263; BIO 497, unconfirmed] [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Ulex galli Planch.: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [only on Leguminosae species]; Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799) [only on woody species of Leguminosae]

Ulex minor Roth [= Ulex nanus T.F. Forst. ex Symons]: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798) [Mutel 1835: 347, unconfirmed; Beck 1890: 199] [only on Leguminosae species]

Ulex nanus T.F. Forst. ex Symons [vide Ulex minor Roth]

Ulex parviflorus Pourr.: Orobanche austrohispanica M.J.Y. Foley (2001) [mostly on Ulex species]

Ulmus (Ulmaceae)

Ulmus glabra Huds. (Ulmaceae): Orobanche laxissima Rätzel & Uhlich (2004) [Russia, Krasnodar Krai (MW 1008909)] [parasitic on roots of trees and shrubs of differents families (e.g., Aceraceae, Anacardiaceae, Betulaceae, Cornaceae, Fagaceae and Oleaceae)]

Urospermum (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Urospermum dalechampii (L.) F. W. Schmidt [≡ Tragopogon dalechampii L.]: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) [mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae)]; Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 94] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Urospermum picroides (L.) F.W.Schmidt: Phelipanche gratiosa (Webb) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2008) [habitually (at least 90 %) on Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb. More rarely on other Compositae species [Reichardia tingitana (L.) Roth; Urospermum picroides (L.) F.W.Schmidt]

Urtica (Urticaceae)

Urtica dioica L.: Phelipanche schultzioides M.J.Y. Foley in Bot. Chron. 19: 7 [5-12, f. 1-3] (2008) [only on Urticaceae (Urtica dioica L.) and Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbia rigida M. Bieb. [= E. biglandulosa Desf.]) sec. M.J.Y. Foley. Natural History (online)]

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Valantia (Rubiaceae)

Valantia muralis L.: Phelipanche nana (Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972) [Balearic Islands, Spain (MPU 202264 - Knoche)] [mostly on Compositae, Geraniaceae, Leguminosae, Oxalidaceae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Solanaceae)]

Vella (Cruciferae [Brassicaceae])

Vella spinosa Boiss. [≡ Pseudocytisus spinosus (Boiss.) Rehder]: Phelipanche georgii-reuteri Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. (2005) [unconfirmed] [only on Cruciferae species, usually Lepidium subulatum L., more rarely on Lepidium cardamines L. and, perhaps, on other Cruciferae species (Hormathophylla spinosa (L.) P. Küpfer and Vella spinosa Boiss.)]

Vicia (Leguminosae [Fabaceae])

Vicia atropurpurea Desf. [vide Vicia benghalensis L.]

Vicia benghalensis L.: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Vicia bithynica (L.) L. [≡ Lathyrus bithynicus L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [France (P 04419719 - hb. Cosson); Spain (Montserrat 1957: 350); England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. [≡ Ervum ervilia L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Beck 1890: 227; Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Vicia faba L. [= Faba sativa Bernh.; = Faba vulgaris Moench]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]; Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [f. Abbes & al. 2006; Román & al. 2007; Amri & al. 2009] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. (Tunisia and Morocco)]; Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874) [Israel and Palestinian territories (MA 511446 - Musselman 10164)] [usually on cultivated species of Cucurbitaceae, Cruciferae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, etc.]

Vicia hirsuta (L.) Gray [≡ Ervum hirsutum L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274; Clement & Foster 1994: 283)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Vicia iberica Grossh. [≡ Vicia tenuifolia subsp. iberica (Grossh.) Radzhi]: Orobanche owerinii (Beck) Beck (1922) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77)] [mostly on Fabaceae, usually on species of Trifolium L. and Vicia L.]

Vicia melanops Sibth. & Sm. [= Vicia pichleri Huter]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [Beck 1890: 227; Beck 1930: 137] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

Vicia sativa L.: Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) [Tunisia and Morocco (Amri & al. 2009 ()] [exclusively on Leguminosae species. Usually on wild hosts, but sometimes also on cultivated plants (e.g., Vicia faba L., Cicer arietinum L. [Tunisia and Morocco])]

Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. [≡ Ervum tetraspermum L.]: Orobanche crenata Forssk. (1775) [England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274; Clement & Foster 1994: 283, Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 96)] [usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae (e.g., Daucus carota L.)]

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Xanthium (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Xanthium spinosum L.: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Russia (Beck 1930: 123-124)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

Xanthium strumarium L.: Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825) [Russia (P 02968103 - hb. E. Cosson; P 02968104 - Hb. E. Cosson; P 02968106 - hb. E. Cosson; L 2817612; WAG 1141225; Reichenbach 1862: 107)] [parasitic on Compositae (Asteraceae) and Solanaceae species. In Europe and other parts of the world is parasitic on various cultivated plants (e.g., Helianthus annus L.)]

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Ziziphora (Labiatae [Lamiaceae])

Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam.: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 67)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Ziziphora clinopodioides subsp. rigida (Boiss.) Rech. f. [= Ziziphora rigida (Boiss.) Heinr. Braun]: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800) [Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 67)] [only on Labiatae species (usually, on Thymus and, more rarely on others, e.g., Clinopodium, Origanum, Salvia, Satureja and Ziziphora)]

Ziziphora rigida (Boiss.) Heinr. Braun [vide Ziziphora clinopodioides subsp. rigida (Boiss.) Rech. f.]

Zollikoferia (Compositae [Asteraceae])

Zollikoferia arborescens Batt. [vide Launaea arborescens (Batt.) Murb.]

Zygophyllum (Zygophyllaceae)

Zygophyllum album L. f. [vide Tetraena alba (L. f.) Beier & Thulin] 

Zygophyllum hamiense var. qatarense (Hadidi) Jac.Thomas & Chaudhary [vide Zygophyllum qatarense Hadidi]

Zygophyllum qatarense Hadidi [≡ Tetraena qatarensis (Hadidi) Beier & Thulin; Z. hamiense var. qatarense (Hadidi) Jac.Thomas & Chaudhary]: Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) [Beck 1930: 32; Boulos 2002: 95; Wang & al. 2009] [parasitic especially on Tamaricaceae. Also on Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae, Zygophyllaceae]

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