Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 11 October 2017


Accepted Name:

Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24 (5-6): 654 (1975)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche coccinea M. Bieb., Tabl. Prov. Casp.: 58 (1798) [O. coccinea M. Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 84 (1808)] (Poiret, 1804: 268; Don, 1838: 633). Ic.: Reichenbach, Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: t. 699 f. 937-938 (1829) (Reichenbach, 1829: 49, "937. 938. e Caucaso ill. Ledebour."). Obs. "L'Orobanche écarlate; espčce qui au bout de sa tige porte une seule grande fleur du plus beau et du plus vif écarlate (Orobanche coccinea)" (Marschall von Bieberstein, 1798: 58); "Color sanguineus" (Reichenbach, 1829: 49).

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche coccinea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 354 (1800) [nom. superfl.]. Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Siberia versus Mare Caspium" (Poiret, 1804: 268; Persoon, 1806: 181; Steudel, 1841: 318; Ledebour, 1849: 324)

Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir., Encycl. 5: 268 (1804 [9 Jan 1804]). Ind. loc.: "Cette plante croît en Sibérie, sur les bords de la mer Caspienne". Obs. "feuilles alternes ... trois ou quatre ... calice est campanulé profondément, divise en cinq découpures lancéolées ... corolla est d'un rouge pourpre..." (Poiret, 1804: 268; Walpers, 1844: 481; Grossheim, 1934: 8; Grossheim, 1949: 352)

Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Pers., Syn. Pl.: 181 (1806 [Nov 1806]), nom. superfl. Syn.:  Anoplanthus coccineus (M. Bieb.) Walp. (Walpers, 1844: 481); = Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey. (Don, 1838: 633); = Phelypaea foliata Lamb. (Steudel, 1841: 318); = Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut. (Ledebour, 1849: 324). Ind. loc.: "Habit. prope mare Caspium"

Aeginetia coccinea (M. Bieb.) Juss. ex Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844) ["Aeginetia coccinea Juss. mss."], pro syn. (Reichenbach, 1829: 49; Steudel, 1841: 318; Walpers, 1844: 481)

Anoplanthus coccineus (M. Bieb.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844 [12-14 Sep 1844]) (Stapf, 1915: 288)

Anoplon coccineum (M. Bieb.) K. Koch, Linnaea 22: 670 (1849) ["29. A. coccineum (Phelipaea) Pers., syn. pl. II. p. 181"]

Anoplon coccineum (M. Bieb.) Riedl & Schiman-Czeika in Rechinger, Fl. Iranica 5: 2 (1964), nom. superfl.

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef., Corollarium: 48 (1703) [pre-Linnaean name, not validly published]. Syn.: ? Lathraea anblatum L. (1753); ? = Phelypaea foliata Lamb. (1811) (Endlicher, 1839: 727); ? = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

? = Lathraea anblatum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 606 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Syn.: ? Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef., Corollarium: 48 (1703) (Linnaeus, 1753: 606; Don, 1838: 635; Walpers, 1844: 481); ?  Anblatum tournefortii G. Don (Walpers, 1844: 481); ? = Phelypaea foliata Lamb. (1811) (Walpers, 1844: 481); ? = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Oriente" (Linnaeus, 1753: 606); "H. Native of the Levant" (Don, 1838: 635; Lathraea anblatum in the Linnaean Typification Project, accessed Mar 2012). Obs. According to Endlicher (1839: 727), Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef., Corollarium: 48 (1703) is conspecific with Phelypaea foliata Lamb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 260 t. 7 (1811). According to Reuter (1847: 43), Anblatum tournefortii G. Don [Gen. Hist. 4: 635 (1837-1838)] is conspecific with Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. in Ann. Mus. Par. 10: 298. t. 21 (1807). According to Index Synonymique de la Flore de France, Flora iberica and The Plant List, Anblatum tournefortii G. Don is conspecific with Lathraea squamaria L. (1753) [this synonym seems correct on the base of Don's description]

= Orobanche phelypaea M. Bieb., Beschreib. Land Casp.: 179 (1800) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche phelypaea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 352 (1800) [nom. illeg.], nec Orobanche phelypaea Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 70 (1825) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.:  Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey. (1831); Phelypaea biebersteinii Fisch. ex Walp. (1844); Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut. (1847) (Steudel, 1841: 318; Walpers, 1844: 481; Stapf, 1915: 292). Ind. loc.: "In Tauriâ (Bieb.) [Tauria / Taurica / Chersonesus Taurica / Tauric Chersonese / Crimea / Krym, Ukraine / Russia]" (Reuter, 1847: 42)

= Phelypaea foliata Lamb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 260 t. 7 (1811). Syn.:  Lathraea phelypaea Pall. ex Lamb. (1811), non Lathraea phelypaea L. (1753); = Orobanche coccinea M. Bieb. (Sprengel, 1825: 818). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in monte Caucaso et Tauriâ. Pall. MSS." [Pallasina collection] [Caucasus Mountains et Crimea / Krym, Ukraine / Russia] (Sprengel, 1825: 818; Don, 1838: 633; Steudel, 1841: 318; Ledebour, 1849: 324, = Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut.); "Discovered by Güldenstedt in Kachetia [Kakheti / Kaxeti, Caucasus Mountains, Georgia] (Stapf, 1915: 294)

= Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov-Dec 1831]) (Don, 1837-1838: 633; Steudel, 1841: 318; Walpers, 1844: 481; Stapf, 1915: 288). Syn.:  Orobanche phelypaea M. Bieb., Beschreib. Land Casp.: 179 (1800) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche phelypaea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 352 (1800) [nom. illeg.], nec Orobanche phelypaea Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 70 (1825) [nom. illeg.]; Phelypaea biebersteinii Fisch. ex Walp. (1844), pro syn.

? = Anblatum tournefortii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 635 (1837-1838) ["A. Tournefórtii"]. Syn.: Lathraea anblatum L. (1753); Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807) (Don, 1837-1838: 633). Obs. According to Reuter (1847: 43), Anblatum tournefortii G. Don is conspecific with Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. in Ann. Mus. Par. 10: 298. t. 21 (1807). Ind. loc.: "Native of Armenia". According to Index Synonymique de la Flore de France, Flora iberica and The Plant List, Anblatum tournefortii G. Don is conspecific with Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

= Phelypaea biebersteinii Fisch. ex Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844), pro syn. ["Phelipaea ... Biebersteinii Fisch. mss."]. Syn.:  Orobanche phelypaea M. Bieb., Beschreib. Land Casp.: 179 (1800) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche phelypaea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 352 (1800) [nom. illeg.], nec Orobanche phelypaea Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 70 (1825) [nom. illeg.]; Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey. (1831). Herbarium Specimens: Types: Caucasus region, Russian Federation (Russia), L. Schweinitz, s.n. (PH 00029572; PH 00029571 in, accessed Jstor 2013; Phelypaea Biebersteinii / M. Caucasus / F.E.L. Fischer (PH 00042478 in Jstor, accessed Oct 2017); 1. "1. Phelypaea Biebersteinii mihi / Orobanche coccinea BB. excl. syn. / Tournef. / M. Caucasus [Caucasus Mountains] [leg. M. Steven, 1819]". 2. "1. Mt. Caucasus. D? Fischer. 1811. / 2. Caucasus Chev? de Steven 1819.". 3. "Phelypaea coccinea. / Sm. in Reess Cyclop. n. l." (LINN-HS 1088.1.1 - Herb. Smith, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [the sheet contains four specimens, the numbers "1" collected by Fischer and the numbers "2" by Steven "a learned naturalist in the service of Russia" (Smith, 1827); "frequent excursions to the Caucasian Mountains" (Hooker, 1835)]); "Phelypaea Biebersteinii m. / Orobanche coccinea Willd. / excl. Synon. Tournef. / M. Caucase [Caucasus Mountains] / M. Steven" (P 02970931 [Herbier donné par M. Bonpland en 1833"], rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [three specimens, well preserved]); idem (P 02970925 - hb. Richaux, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [only one specimen, bad preserved, just a stem with leaves distributed along of this]). Obs. "Iberia! [Caucasian Iberia / Iveria] (Steven pl. exs.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Tauria et Caucasus (M.B., Stev.)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, sub Anoplanthus coccineus)

= Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.:  Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey. (1831); Phelypaea biebersteinii Fisch. ex Walp. (1844) (Ledebour, 1849: 324). Ind. loc.: "In Tauriâ (Bieb.) [Tauria / Taurica / Chersonesus Taurica / Tauric Chersonese / Crimea / Krym, Ukraine / Russia]" (Reuter, 1847: 42)

? = Phelypaea helenae Popl., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR.: 385 (1928) (Rix & Webb, 1972: 294). Syn.:  Anoplanthus helenae (Popl.) Stankov in Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ.: 825 (1949); Diphelypaea helenae (Popl.) Tzvelev in Fedorov, An.A. (Ed. Ch.). Fl. Evropeĭskoĭ Chasti SSSR 5: 319 (1981)

? = Anoplanthus helenae (Popl.) Stankov in Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ.: 825 (1949) [Stankov in Stankov & Taliev, Opred. Vysš. Rast. Evr. Časti SSSR: 825 (1949)] (view IPNI entry). Syn.:  Diphelypaea helenae (Popl.) Tzvelev in Fedorov, An.A. (Ed. Ch.). Fl. Evropeĭskoĭ Chasti SSSR 5: 319 (1981)

? = Phelypaea bayerni Novopokr. in Grossh., Opred. Rast. Kavk.: 730 (1949). Ind. loc.: "southern Transcaucasia" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 33-34). Obs. "their origen as a result of hybridization of Ph. coccinea and Ph. Tournefortii is not ruled out" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 29[27])

? = Diphelypaea helenae (Popl.) Tzvelev in Fedorov, An.A. (Ed. Ch.). Fl. Evropeĭskoĭ Chasti SSSR 5: 319 (1981). Syn.:  Phelypaea helenae Popl., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR.: 385 (1928) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 319[438]); Anoplanthus helenae (Popl.) Stankov in Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ.: 825 (1949); ? = Phelypaea coccinea f. aurantiaca Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 43 (1930); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 438, «a "color" variant"»; Rix & Webb, 1972: 294); = Phelypaea coccinea f. aurantiaca Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 43 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Type: Described from the Crimean reserve [Crimean Natural Reserve, Crimea / Krym, Ukraine / Russia] (iso-LE); [type apparently lost]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 28[29]); «Crimea [Krym, Ukraine] ("Alushta District, Crimean State Preserve, southern dry slope of hill") ... parasitizing Centaurea declinata Bieb.» (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 319[438]); "Parasite on Psephellus declinatus (M. Bieb.) K. Koch [Centaurea declinata M. Bieb.] ... European part: Crimea. Endemic" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 28[29]). Obs. Tzvelev, N.N. in Fedorov, An.A. (Ed. Ch.). Flora of Russia... 5: 438 (1981 [2001]) ["Comb. nov."]; (IK) view IPNI entry. According to Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 28[29]), D. helenae ("corolla orange-yellow") is a different species to D. coccinea ("corolla bright-red") ... "Parasite on Psephellus declinatus (M. Bieb.) K. Koch [Centaurea declinata M. Bieb.] ... European part: Crimea. Endemic ... Both yellow and red forms are encountered together on stony slopes of mountains of the Crimean reserve on the same host-plant". "Studies by T.G. Saturyan (1974, loc. cit.) seemingly confirm the independent status of this species. However, it is not ruled out that it is all but a "color" variant of the previous species" (Tzvelev (1981[2001]: 438)

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? = Phelypaea coccinea f. aurantiaca Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 43 (1930). Ind. loc.: "[Georgia-Dagestan] ... f. Radde" ?]. Syn.: = Diphelypaea helenae (Popl.) Tzvelev in Fedorov, An.A. (Ed. Ch.). Fl. Evropeĭskoĭ Chasti SSSR 5: 319 (1981) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 29[27])

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Misapplied names:

Lathraea phelipaea sensu Gueldenst., Reisen 1: 422 (1787) ["Itin. I"], non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.: = Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey. (1831) (Don, 1838: 633; Walpers, 1844: 481) = Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut. (Steudel, 1841: 318; Ledebour, 1849: 324; Stapf, 1915: 286; view IPNI entry)

Lathraea phelipaea sensu Georgi, Beschreib. Russ. Reiches 3(5): 1102 (1800), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753) (Stapf, 1915: 286)

Orobanche purpurea sensu Böb. in Georgi, Beschreib. Russ. Reiches 3(5): 1178 (1800), non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (Ledebour, 1849: 325)

Lathraea phelypaea sensu Pall. ex Lamb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 260 (1811) ["Pall. MSS."], pro syn., non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753) (Steudel, 1841: 318)

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Ind. loc.: "west coast of the Caspian Sea" [Caucasus] (Nicolson, 1975: 654). "Phelypaea coccinea (Bieb.) Poiret (syn. Anoplanthus coccineus (Bieb.) Walp.; Diphelypaea coccinea (Bieb.) Nicolson,) was first described as Orobanche coccinea by von Bieberstein (1797, 1808) on the basis of specimens (currently in the Leningrad herbarium) collected by Güldenstedt north of Tiflis (Tbilisi) in the Republic of Georgia" (Cullen,  2010: 384)

Typus / Type: "Type in Leningrad" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 29[27]); "Type: Described from Caucasus (LE)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 29[27]); "Typus: In berbidis Caucasi, M. B. LE!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2); "to typify Orobanche coccinea on Marschall von Bieberstein's Caucasian materials (Leningrad)" (Nicolson, 1975: 654); "holo. LE" (Gilli, 1982: 2); Type Specimens: Mt. Caucasus [Caucasus Mountains], Anon. [Anonymous], s.n. (LINN-HS 1088-1-1; LINN-HS 1088-1-2 in jstor 2013); Type Specimens: Caucasus region, Russian Federation (Russia), L. Schweinitz, s.n. (PH 00029572; PH 00029571 in Jstor 2013).

Designated by: H. Schiman-Czeika. Orobanchaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.). FLora Iranica: 2. 1964.

Host: Parasitic exclusively on Centaurea [Psephellus] species (Compositae). "Centaurea dealbata Willd." (Stapf, 1915: 295; Cullen,  2010: 384); "Ad radices Centaurearum (C. dealbata Willd. [Psephellus dealbatus (Willd.) K. Koch] et aliarum" (Beck, 1930: 42); "parasitizing Centaurea declinata Bieb. [Psephellus declinatus (M. Bieb.) K. Koch]" (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 437, t. 41 f.1, 438); "Parasitica in Centaureis diversis" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2); Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed 24 Aug 2009).

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: "without full basionym ref." view IPNI entry. The reference to the place of publication of the basionym in "References"! (Nicolson, 1975). Diphelypaea coccinea, D. boissieri and D. helenae seem to be very closely related to one another and the present treatment is provisional (D. helenae are included in D. coccinea) and D. boissieri is considered by us to be an independent species ["scapo crasso breviore ... squamis amplis ovato-cucullatis approximatis" (Reuter, 1847: 42. sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri). Phelypaea Hill in Owen, Dict. Arts Sci. 3: 2416 (1755 [1 Mar 1755]) (Reveal, 1991: 228, "The Hill genus name is now the oldest one available").

Morphological and taxonomic observations: according to (Stapf, 1915: 290, sub Ph. boissieri and Ph. foliata; Rix & Webb, 1972: 294, sub Ph. boissieri and Ph. coccinea and Cullen, 2010, sub Ph. boissieri and Ph. coccinea), D. boissieri ("corolla-lobes orbicular, overlapping; anthers hairy") is a different species to D. coccinea ("corolla-lobes obovate-orbicular, not overlapping, anthers glabrous")]. Key to these species (Stapf, 1915: 290; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 28[26]; Cullen, 2010: 383-384).

Phylogenetic observations: Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57 [x = 19, sub Phelypaea (syn. Diphelypaea)], 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships", sub Phelypaea], 63. 2005; "Recent molecular phylogenetic studies suggest two major lineages, informally called the Orobanche-group and the Phelipanche-group (Schneeweiss et al., 2004a). The first includes Orobanche sect. Orobanche and the small SW Asian genus Phelypaea (listed as Diphelypaea in Schneeweiss et al., 2004a), while the second includes the remaining sections of Orobanche (sects. Gymnocaulis, Myzorrhiza, and Trionychon). The circumscription of these groups is well supported by the distribution of chromosome base numbers, these being x = 19 in the Orobanche-group and x = 12 in the Phelipanche-group (Schneeweiss et al., 2004b)" Weiss-Schneeweiss & al., 2006; Schneider, 2016: f. 1.

Chromosomatic number: n = 19, 2n = 38 (Schneeweiss & al., 2004 f. 1f, g, sub Diphelypaea [D. coccinea]; Carlón & al., 2005: 57, sub Phelypaea [Ph. coccinea; Georgia, Garejis, between Lambalo and Udabno]).

Ic.: a, Reichenbach, Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 49 "937. 938. e Caucaso ill. Ledebour.", t. 699 f. 937-938 (1829); b, Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 43 f. 9 (1930); c, Lambert in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 260 t. 7 (1811); d, sub Ph. foliata (Stapf, 1915: 292; Stapf, 1915: t. 8615); e, Tzvelev in Flora of Russia... 5: 437, t. 41 f.1 (1981 [2001]); f, habit ["plant growing on Psephellus... southern Georgia... July 2002 by G. Schneeweiss"]; g, Georgia... G. Schneeweiss & al. 8196 (WU 27642, WU 27643); h, flower ["The Atsunta Pass near boundary between Tusheti and Khevsureti. High valleys in the central and eastern Caucasus, the Republic of Georgia, Michael J.B. Almond"]; i, photos in Plantarium.ru and photos in www.molbiol.ru (accessed Dec 2010); j, D. tournefortii vs. D. coccinea vs. D. boissieri (P, habits and calyces).

Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece? [see D. boissieri], Russia, Turkey? [see D. tournefortii and D. boissieri], Ukraine, Krim. "The species occurs in the Caucasus (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan), the Ukraine (Crimea) and possibly also in northern Iran" (Cullen,  2010: 384); Eurasian distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub Phelypaea coccinea, accessed 20 Jul 2010); Eurasian distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub Phelypaea helenae, accessed 20 Jul 2012).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения ("Diphelypaea coccinea. In Tsaturyan T.G., Grigoryan S. B. (1987), Flora Armenii, t. 8 [tab. CLVI]" et "Diphelypaea coccinea (as Phelypaea coccinea). In Тахтаджян А.Л., Федоров Ан.А. (1972), Флора Еревана [tab. 76]" by Vahe Martirosyan in Flora of Armenia's Check List, accessed Jan 2015); Zaturjan & Grigorjan, 1987: 367, "Tanacetum" sp. is the host-plant of D. tournefortii, the host-plants of D. coccinea are only Centaurea [Psephellus] species

Gegharkunik Province: "Diphelypaea coccinea, Gegharquniq, 2011.06.23" (photo by Vahe Martirosyan in Flora of Armenia's Check List, accessed Jan 2015); "Цветущее растение. Армения, окр. дер. Гегаркуник [Armenia, env. der. Gegharkunik]. 23.06.2011." (photo 107496 by Ваэ Мартиросян [Vahe Martirosyan], 2011 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017).

Tavush: Idjevan [Ijevan / Istibulagh / Karavansara, Tavush] 30 May 2012 (photo [89067] by Vahe Martirosyan in Flora of Armenia's Check List - iNaturalist.org, accessed Jan 2015).

Vayots Dzor: "Armenia, prov. Vayots Dzor, pr. Ger-Ger, 39°47'09" N 45°32'15" E, Herrero, A. & al. 2811, 2005-06-24" ([ex herb. MA] W 2007-0011904, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Yerevan: "Gouv. Eriwan [Erywan / Yerevan / Jerewan] «Armenia Rossica,» Szowitz in Herb. Besser at Kew. Ararat [Ağrı Dağı] and Alagos, 1300-1525 m, Wagner (acc. to Tchichatcheff)." (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata).

Unknown locations: "Armenia" (Walpers, 1844: 481, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Armenia" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); "Velmi výraznými prvky jsou zástupci zárazovitých (Orobanchaceae), např. nepřehlédnutelná rostlina s jediným červeným květem Phelypaea coccinea (obr. 10), která parazituje na chrpách (Centaurea)." (Ekrtová & Ekrt, 2012: 70, 72, photo 10; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 [the photo seems to correspond to D. tournefortii]).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan

Elisabethpol Governorate / Elizavetpol Governorate / Елизаветпольская губерния: "territor. Elisabethpol ... (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Jelisabetpol ..." (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea)

Goygol District: "near Helenendorf [Goygol / Khanlar], Hohenacker! ..." (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata).

Ismailli District: "... bei Chatoi am Aigun [Agan / Ahan / Akhan / Əhən, İsmayıllı?] bei 6000' (Bayern!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Азербайджан, Исмаиллинский р-н, окр. с. Ивановка. 20.04.2010" [İvanovka, İsmayıllı / Ismailli / Ismailly] (photos 72541, 72540 by Юрий Пирогов [Y. Pirogov] in Plantarium, accessed Dec 2010).

Qusar District: "Mount Sariah [Mount Shahdagh?], Hohenacker ..." (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata).

Shirvan / Şirvan: "Shirwan, without precise localities, between 1400 and 2100 m, Marschall" (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata).

Nagorno-Karabakh / Republic of Artsakh: "... provinc Karabagh [Nagorno-Karabakh] (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Gouv. Karabagh [Nagorno-Karabakh], Lisogorsk, west of Schuscha; Thomin l.c. [in Acta Hort. Tifl.] iii. (1899) 65)" (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus); "... Karabagh, without precise locality, Hohenacker." (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata); "... Karabagh [Nagorno-Karabakh]: ... Lysogorsk [Lisogorsk Sovxozu / Lysogorskiy, Şuşa / Shusha / Shushi] (A. Lomakin!), zwischen Daralogaz, Schuscha [Şuşa / Shusha / Shushi] (Bayern!) ..." (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso [Type Specimens: Mt. Caucasus [Caucasus Mountains], Anon. [Anonymous], s.n. (LINN-HS 1088-1-1; LINN-HS 1088-1-2 in Jstor 2013); Type Specimens: Caucasus region, Russian Federation (Russia), L. Schweinitz, s.n. (PH 00029572; PH 00029571 in Jstor 2013)]

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia [North Caucasian Federal District]).

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie

"Habitat in monte Caucaso [Caucasus] et Tauriâ [Crimea / Krym]. Pall. MSS." [Pallasina collection] (Lambert, 1811: 260 t. 7, terra class. of Phelypaea foliata); "Anoplanthus Biebersteinii Reut. in Dec. XI. 42 / Phelypaea foliata. Lamb. / (Orobanche coccinea. Bbrst. [Bieberstein]) / In pratis montosis umbrosis Georgiae cauca- / sicae / Unio itiner. T. Fr. Hohenaker. Mai. 1831 / Herbarium Steudel" (P 02970928 - hb. E. Drake, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [twoo specimen well preserved]); "Phelypaea foliata. Lamb. / (Orobanche coccinea. Bbrst. [Bieberstein]) / In pratis montosis umbrosis Georgiae cauca- / sicae / Unio itiner. T. Fr. Hohenaker. Mai. 1831" (L 2821540, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); idem (L 2821542, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); idem (P 02970935 - hb. M.J. Hennecart, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Phelypaea foliata Lamb. / Anoplanthus coccineus (Marschall) / in pratis montosis umbrosis / Unio itiner 1834 Georgiae caucasicae / May / T. Fr. Hohenaker." (P 02970926 - hb. E. Drake, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [only one specimen well preserved]); "Phelypaea foliata Lamb. / in pratis montosis umbrosis / Unio itiner 1834 Georgia caucasica / May / T. Fr. Hohenaker. / Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut." (P 02970927 - hb. E. Drake, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [only one entire specimen, well preserved, and one flower]); 1. "1. Phelypaea Biebersteinii mihi / Orobanche coccinea BB. excl. syn. / Tournef. / M. Caucasus [Caucasus Mountains] [leg. M. Steven, 1819]". 2. "1. Mt. Caucasus. D? Fischer. 1811. / 2. Caucasus Chev? de Steven 1819.". 3. "Phelypaea coccinea. / Sm. in Reess Cyclop. n. l." (LINN-HS 1088.1.1 - Herb. Smith, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [the sheet contains four specimens, the numbers "1" collected by Fischer and the numbers "2" by Steven "a learned naturalist in the service of Russia" (Smith, 1827); "frequent excursions to the Caucasian Mountains" (Hooker, 1835)]); "Phelypaea Biebersteinii m. / Orobanche coccinea Willd. / excl. Synon. Tournef. / M. Caucase [Caucasus Mountains] / M. Steven" (P 02970931 [Herbier donné par M. Bonpland en 1833"], rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [three specimens, well preserved]); idem (P 02970925 - hb. Richaux, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [only one specimen, bad preserved, just a stem with leaves distributed along of this]); "Orobanche coccinea / Cauc. [Caucasus] Wilhelms / comm. Prescott" (P 02970933 [Herbier donné par M. le Dr. Grenier, en 1875]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [only one specimen well preserved]); "pratis montosis umbrosis Georgiae [Georgia] caucasicae (Hohenaker!)" (Reuter, 1847: 42, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Iberia! [Caucasian Iberia / Iveria] (Steven pl. exs.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Tauria et Caucasus (M.B., Stev.)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Phelypaea (Anoplanthus) foliata Lamb. / Caucasus In pratis montosin umbrosii / Georgiae / Mai 1908" (L 2821539, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Am Flusse Schuk in Abasechien (Kolenati n. 223!); in Somchetien (Kolenati n. 2308!, C.A. Meyer!); in Grusien [Gruzija / Georgia]!, Iberien [Caucasian Iberia / Iveria] (Steven nach Ledebour, Wilhelms!), Kachetien [Kakheti / Kaxeti] (Güldenstaedt) ... Georgien [Georgia]!: (Hohenacker 1831), um Borshom [Borzhomi / Borjomi, Samtskhe-Javakheti] (Radde!), bei Utsch tapaljar in 6500' Seehöhe, südlich von Gorktschai (Radde!), um Elisabethtal (Kolenati!) um Uzchet im Mai (Rodionow!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Georgien ... (Radde!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, terra class. of Phelypaea coccinea f. aurantiaca?); "Georgia, Minor Caucasus, surroundins of the village of Azavreti (Tetrobi), 2050-2170 m a.s.l. N 41° 36' 23'' E 43° 23' 12'' WU: S&T 8196 (15.VII.2002: G. Schneeweiss, AT, MS & PS)" (Schneeweiss & al., 2004 sub D. coccinea ["Photo of plant growing on Psephellus (= Centaurea) spp. (Asteraceae); southern Georgia; July 2002 . Photo July 2002 by Gerald Schneeweiss."] SIUC (Parasitic Plant Connection), accessed 6 Feb 2006); "Samtskhe-Javakheti, western part of the moutain range of Trialeti: surroundings of the village Azavreti; 2170 m. 43°23'12'' E, 41°36'23'' N [on (?) Psephellus karduchorum (Boiss.) Wagenitz (Centaurea karduchorum Boiss.)], G. Schneeweiß et al. 8196, 2002-07-15" (WU 27642, WU 27643) (Schneeweiss & al., 2004 sub D. coccinea); "The Atsunta Pass near boundary between Tusheti and Khevsureti. High valleys in the central and eastern Caucasus, the Republic of Georgia, Michael J.B. Almond" [flower].

Guria: "AY209284: Georgia, Garejis, between Lambalo and Udabno [Chokhatauri], 800-900 m, on Centaurea sp. (Asteraceae), G. Schneeweiss (WU: S&T 7817)" (Schneeweiss & al., 2004 sub D. coccinea; Carlón & al., 2005: 63 sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Kakheti: "Kachetia [Kakheti / Kaxeti] (Güldenst.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Kachetia" Güldenstedt; without precise locality, Steven! Wilhelms! Hohenacker!" (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata); "3. P. foliata. Discovered by Güldenstedt in Kachetia [Kakheti / Kaxeti, Caucasus Mountains]" (Stapf, 1915: 294, terra class. of Phelypaea foliata).

Tbilisi: "Anoplon Biebersteinii / In montibus Somchetiae [prope urbem Tiflis] / C.A. Meyer // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970937 - hb. E. Cosson, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [four specimens, terra class. of D. coccinea]); "Gouv. Tiflis: Mzchet, Thomin" (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata); "Tiflis, in 1911 ... the host-plant was Centaurea dealbata" (Stapf, 1915: 295, sub Ph. foliata; Stapf, 1915: t. 8615); "Phelypaea coccinea (Bieb.) Poiret (syn. Anoplanthus coccineus (Bieb.) Walp.; Diphelypaea coccinea (Bieb.) Nicolson,) was first described as Orobanche coccinea by von Bieberstein (1797, 1808) on the basis of specimens (currently in the Leningrad herbarium) collected by Güldenstedt north of Tiflis (Tbilisi) in the Republic of Georgia" (Cullen,  2010: 384, terra class. of Phelypaea coccinea); "Растения окрестностей Сагурамского заповедника. Дорога Цхваричамиа - Тбилиси [Saguramskogo Reserve. Road Tshvarichamia - Tbilisi]" (krasn-cvetok.jpg by David Bokuchava [Давид Бокучава], accessed Dec 2010).

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Greece / Ελλάδα / Hellas / Grecia / Griechenland [unconfrmed, see D. boissieri]

West Macedonia: "investigate the plant and insect mystery at a site on Mt. Dévas [N 40° 48′ E 21° 02′, near Psarádes]. After arriving at the site, it didn’t take us long to find the plant, Phelypaea (Diphelypaea) coccinea Poir., a parasitic member of the Orobanchaceae, distributed in SE-Europe, only living on Centaurea sp ... Flowers of Phelypaea coccinea with an as yet unidentified chafer beetle. Photo: Stephen Venn" (Venn & Kratochwil, 2012: 22-23 [accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 (the photo seems to correspond to D. boissieri]).

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Russia / Россия / Rusia / Russland / Russie

"Cette plante croît en Sibérie, sur les bords de la mer Caspienne [Caspian sea]" (Poiret, 1804: 268); "Habit. prope mare Caspium" (Persoon, 1806: 181); "937. 938. e Caucaso [Caucasus] ill. Ledebour." (Reichenbach, 1829: 49, sub Orobanche coccinea M. Bieb.); "Native of Tauria [Crimea / Krym] and Caucasus, in alpine regions, at the elevation of 800 to 1200 hexapods, also of Siberia, towards the Caspian sea" (Don, 1838: 633, sub Anoplon biebersteinii); "Caucasia et in Sibiria versus mare Caspicum [Caspian sea]" (Walpers, 1844: 481, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "... et in regione subalpinâ Caucasi occidentalis (C.A. Meyer), in Siberiâ versus mare Caspium [Caspian sea] (Walp.)" (Reuter, 1847: 42, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasus / Fore-Caucasus, North Caucasus]" (Koch, 1843: 290, sub Anoplon biebersteinii); "... aus Grusien von Wilhelms, aus der Umgegend der kaukasischen Bäder von Konradi erhalten" (Koch, 1849: 670, sub Anoplon coccineum); "Rossia australi? (Böber, Georgi), Tauria [Crimea / Krym]! (Pall. in Willd. herb., M. a. Bieb.) et provincis caucasicis (M. a. Bieb.) [in regione ciscaucasica! (C. Koch), pr. Pätigorsk [Pjatigorsk]! (Höfft pl. exs.), Karass! [Kars Oblast / Karsskaya Oblast, Transcaucasian governorate?] (Hohenack.) ... region subalpina Cauc. orient., alt. 800-1200 hexap. (C.A. Meyer)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Caucasus: Gouv. Stawropol [Stavropol Krai, North Caucasus], between Moskowskoje and Alexandrowsk, Marschall; near Stawropol, Akinfiew. Terek Territory [Terek, North Caucasus], near Pjätigorsk, Hofft; Constantinogorsk [Konstantinogorskaya, Pjatigorsk, Stavropol Krai, North Caucasus], C.A. Meyer; "Caucasian baths," Conradi, (acc. to C. Koch); Beshtau Mountain [Beshtau, near Pyatigorsk], Hofft; on Centaurea dealbata, Peroffsky ["collected by Count L. Peroffsky on Beshtau proved the perennial character of the plant" (F.E.L. Fischer. Notice sur les Anoplanthus de l'ancien monde. Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1852: 105-108)], Hohenacker [collected by Hohenacker on Beshtau]; "Kuban-Gebiet [North Caucasus]. Ciscaucasien [Ciscaucasia, North Caucasus]! (C. Koch n. 2574, 5804! u. a.). — Terek-Gebiet! [Terek, North Caucasus]: um Kislowodsk [Kislovodsk, Stavropol Krai, North Caucasus] (Fedtschenko) ... im Distrikt Pjatigorsk [Stavropol Krai, North Caucasus] (Höfft nach Ledebour), auf dem Joche Burgustau bei 3500' (Th. Alexeenko), bei Marschueh bei 2410' im Juni (A. Lilius), bei Pjatigorsk (Sergatscheff!, F.N. [C.A.] Meyer im Mai!), um Karas (Hohenacker!), bei Konstantinogorsk [Konstantinogorskaya, Pjatigorsk, Stavropol Krai, North Caucasus] (C.A. Meyer), auf d. Beschtau-Gebirge [Beshtau, Stavropol Krai, North Caucasian Federal District] (Höfft nach Ledebour im Mai, Hohenacker!, Akimfiew!). ... und bei Derbent [Дербент] bei 800' (Th. Alexeenko!), bei Pirkent [Tekipirkent] (Radde) ... auf Voralpen [Caucasus Mountains] im östlichen Kaukasus bei 800-1200' (C.A. Meyer) (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Caucasus: all regions" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 29[27], sub Phelypaea coccinea); "southern Transcaucasia" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 29[27], terra class. of Phelypaea bayerni Novopokr.); "Caucasus" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum).

North Caucasian Federal District / Се́веро-Кавка́зский федера́льный о́круг

Dagestan Republic / Респу́блика Дагеста́н (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea): "In südlichen Daghestan [Dagestan] von 30-1000' Höhe ..." (Koch, 1849: 670, sub Anoplon coccineum); Daghestan [Dagestan, North Caucasian Federal District] ..." (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata); "Dagestan!: bei Gussib [Gunzib / Darabale / Darbaly / Garbutli / Гунзиб; Bezhtinskiy Uchastok Rayon] 4000-5000' im Juli (Th. Alexeenko!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Цветущее растение. Дагестан, Ахтынский р-н, окр. с. Ахты [Dagestan, Ahtynsky rn, env. from. Oh you]. 19.06.2016." (photo 457981 by Юсиф Саркаров [Yousif Sarkarov], 2016; растение определил(а) Леонид Непоменко in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017).

Chechen Republic / Чече́нская Респу́блика: "2. Вединский р-н. с.с. Азизкенд х Дайнаг, левый берег р. Веди [Vedinsky district ss Azizkend x Dainag, the left bank of the Vedi River], можжевеловое редколесье 1200-2000 м н.р.м. 27 V 1960. В. Манакян [V. Manakyan], А. Бобров [A. Bobrov] (КW)." (Леонідович [Leonidovich], 2016: 106, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Stavropol Krai / Ставропо́льский край (Reuter, 1847: 42, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii): "circa Thermas constantino-montanas [Konstantinogorskaya, Pjatigorsk] ..." (Reuter, 1847: 42, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Konstantinogorsk [Konstantinogorskaya, Pjatigorsk] (C.A. Meyer) ... in m. Beschtau! [Beshtau, near Pyatigorsk] (Höfft pl. exs.) ... " (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "1. Терская обл., Пятигорск. 27 V 1891. В. Липский [Terek region, Pyatigorsk. 27 V 1891. V. Lipsky] (КW)." (Леонідович [Leonidovich], 2016: 106, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Цветущие растения на травянистом склоне. Северный Кавказ, Кавминводы, г. Бештау [North Caucasus, the Caucasian Mineral Waters, of Beshtau]. 10.07.2007." (photos 24507, 24508, 24509 by Александр Иванов [Alexander Ivanov], 2009 in Plantarium, accessed Dec 2010; photos t212453 in www.molbiol.ru, accessed Dec 2010); "Северный Кавказ, Кавминводы, г. Бештау [North Caucasus, the Caucasian Mineral Waters, of Beshtau]. 10.07.2007" (photos 13363 by M. Sokolova [Марина Соколова] in Plantarium, accessed Dec 2010); "Цветущее растение, паразитирующее на Psephellus dealbatus (соцветие и листья справа). Ставропольский край, Пятигорск, гора Машук [Stavropol, Pjatigorsk, Mount Mashuk]. 22.04.2008." (photo 123267 by Сергей Банкетов [Sergey Banquet], 2012 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "бештау, дифелипея красная, лето, пятигорск" [Beshtau] (photos 160424, 160423 by Сергей, Альбом «Бештау», accessed Dec 2010); "Цветущие экземпляры и растение-хозяин - Psephellus dealbatus. Северный Кавказ, Ставрополь, Волчьи Ворота [North Caucasus, Stavropol, Wolf's Gate (near Pyatigorsk)]. 06.06.2009." (photos 19818, 19819 by Александр Иванов [Alexander Ivanov], 2009 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "Цветок. Ставропольский кр., рн. Кавказских Минеральных Вод, предгорья у горы Бык [Ph. Caucasian Mineral Waters, the foothills of Mount Taurus]. 16.05.2010" (photo 176749 by Владимир Иноземцев [Vladimir Inozemtsew] in Plantarium, accessed Sep 2017); "Цветок. Окр. Кисловодска [Okr. Kislovodsk], луг по склону горы Большое Седло, около 1300 м н.у.м. 19 июня 2011 г." (photo 118044 by Владимир Савельев [Vladimir Saveliev], 2012 (фото импортировано с molbiol.ru) in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "Цветки. Ставропольский край, окр. г. Ставрополь [Stavropol, env. Stavropol], лесостепь. 25.05.2015." (photo 489675 by Ирина Уханова [Irina Ukhanova]; растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко 2017 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017).

Southern Federal District / Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг

Krasnodar Krai / Краснода́рский край: "Цветки. Краснодарский край, Новороссийск, хр. Маркотх, гора Квашин Бугор [Novorossiysk, xp. Markoth mountain Kvashnin hill], горная степь. 31.05.2009" (photos 124876, 124877, 124878 by Антон Попович [Anton Popovich], 2012 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "Краснодарский край, Черноморское побережье, Геленджик, Маркотхский хребет [Krasnodar, Black Sea, Krasnodar Krai / Kuban, Gelendzhik, Markotkhsky], выс. 600 м н.у.м. 08.06.2009." (photos 52867 and 52836 by Марина Соколова [M. Sokolova]; растение определил(а) Дмитрий Орешкин and Alexander Ivanov [Александр Иванов] in Plantarium, accessed Dec 2010); "Цветок. Краснодарский край, Новороссийск, окр. хут. Семигорский [Novorossiysk, env. Huth. Semigorsky], остепнённый склон. 23.05.2010." (photo 122875 by Антон Попович [Anton Popovich], 2012 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "Цветущие растения (на Centaurea declinata). Краснодарский край, Абинский р-н, хр. Грузинка, гора Шизе [Abinsky rn, hr. Georgian mountain Shize]. 10.05.2014 (photos 237002, 237001, 237000, 236999, 236998 and 236997 by Татьяна Винокурова [Tatiana Vinokurova] in Plantarium, accessed Sep 2017); "Цветущие растения на Psephellus declinatus. Краснодарский край, м/о г. Геленджик, хр. Маркотх, гора Мухины Поляны, выс. ≈ 630 м н.у.м., горный луг [Gelendzhik, xp. Markoth mountain Mukhin Polyana height. ≈ 630 m above sea level, the mountain meadow]. 21.05.2015" (photos 452605, 452603 and 452598 by Татьяна Винокурова [Tatiana Vinokurova] in Plantarium, accessed Sep 2017); "Верхушка цветущего растения. Краснодарский край, м.о. г. Новороссийск, северные склоны горы Большой Маркотх [Krasnodar region, MO Novorossiysk, the northern slopes of the mountain Large Markoth], выс. 560 м н.у.м., луг. 30.05.2015" (photo by Елена Алешичева [Elena Aleshicheva], 2016 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "Дифелипея красная (Diphelypaea coccinea) Кавказский заповедник [Caucasus Nature Reserve, Mostovsky District] (photos 434040, 434041 and 434042 by Перевозов Александрin [Alexander Perevozov] in Флора Кавказского заповедника, Россия [Flora of the Caucasian Reserve] - GeoPhoto / BioPhoto / Перевозов Александр, accessed Oct 2017).

Krim / Crimea / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів (see Ukraine / Russia)

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Turkey / Türkiye / Tuquía / Turkije (Distribution of The Taxon Over Turkey in Turkish Plants Data Service (TÜBİVES) Version 2.0 BETA; accessed Sep 2017) [unconfirmed, see D. tournefortii and D. boissieri]

"An" (Greuter & al., 1989: 265, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Tu(A) Asiatic Turkey" (Domina, & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "N.E., Inner & S. Anatolia ... (Gilli, 1971: 383; Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea [incl. P. boissieri]; Demirkuş [latest update: 21.07.2007], sub Phelypaea coccinea [accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 [corolla-lobes orbicular, overlapping]) the photos 1 [on Tanacetum sp.], 2 [on Tanacetum sp.], 3 seem to correspond to D. tournefortii and the 4 to D. boissieri]).

Note: "This continues the old confusions ... Beck-Managetta’s (1930) ... Gilli (1982), in his account for Davis’s Flora of Turkey, follows Beck and cites Boissier and Pinard specimens (see below) which he acknowledges are the ‘type of P. boissieri Stapf’ under P. coccinea. Most of the specimens he cites under coccinea are boissieri, though a few (which I have not seen) may be tournefortii. ... but most photos available there under the name P. coccinea are, in fact, P. tournefortii (especially those known to have been taken in Turkey, where P. coccinea does not occur)" (Cullen, 2010: 383-384).

Aegean Region [see D. boissieri]

Afyonkarahisar Province: "B3 Afyon [Afyon / Afyonkarahisar Province]: 32 km S. of Sandikli, 1000 m, Sorger 62-26-1!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Denizli Province: "C2 Denizli [Denizli Province]: Cadmus (Baba Da.), Boiss. & Pinard (type of P. boissieri Stapf)" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Black Sea Region

Artvin Province: "A8 Çoruh [Artvin Province]: nr Melo above Artvin, 2000 m, Apold et al. 159!" (Gilli, 1971: 383; Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Gümüşhane Province: "A7 Gümüşane: Stavri, 2600 m, Balls 523!" (Gilli, 1971: 383; Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Eastern Anatolia Region

Erzurum Province: "B8 Erzurum [Erzurum Province]: Karaağil to Erzurum, Hamur-pet Da., Mitchell 2778(!)" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Hakkâri Province: "C10 Hakkari [Hakkâri Province]: Yüksekova, 1950 m, 23 v 1966, Eiselt!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Kars Province / Kars ili [unconfirmed]: "Karass! [Kars Oblast / Karsskaya Oblast, Transcaucasian governorate?] (Hohenack.) ..." (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "A9 Kars [Kars Province]: Kağizman, above Pazli, 1800 m, T. Baytop (ISTE 19972)!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Van Province: "B9 Van [Van Province]: Darnis Aşağı, 2700 m, Frödin 1936: 184" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Mediterranean Region / Akdeniz Bölgesi [see D. boissieri]

Adana Province: "C5 Adana [Adana Province]: Hasanoğlu nr Gürümze [Gürümze, Cilicia now known as Çukurova], 1300 m, Kotschy 1859: 44! [see D. boissieri]" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Isparta Province: "C3 Isparta [Isparta Province]: Çiçekdağ, 1500 m, Sorger 67-5-105!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province: "C6 Maraş [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province]: Ahir Da., B. Post." (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

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Ukraine / Україна / Ukrayina / Украи́на / Ukraina / Ucrania (D. coccinea map according to Вульф, 1969; ЧКУ, 1996 in Nature.kr.ua, 2009-2012. Все права защищены; D. coccinea in Червона книга України [The Red book of Ukraine], accessed Dec 2016)

Odessa Oblast: "... Balka [Holodnaya Balka?, south-east of Ukraine] im Juni (Doppelmayr!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Unknown locations: "bei Kobardinskaja und Balka [Holodnaya Balka, south-east of Ukraine] im Juni (Doppelmayr!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

Ukraine / Russia

Krim / Crimea / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів ["Охраняют в Крымском и Ялтинском горно-лесном ПЗ. Источник [Protected in the Crimean and Yalta mountain-forest PZ.]: Вульф, 1969; ККУ, 1996." (Diphelypaea coccinea in Красная книга Украины [The Red Book of Ukraine]; accessed Oct 2017)]

"Habitat in monte Caucaso [Caucasus] et Tauriâ [Crimea / Krym]. Pall. MSS." [Pallasina collection] (Lambert, 1811: 260 t. 7, terra class. of Phelypaea foliata); "Native of Tauria [Tauriâ / Taurica / Chersonesus Taurica / Tauric Chersonese / Crimea / Krym]" (Don, 1838: 633, sub Anoplon biebersteinii); "Tauria" (Walpers, 1844: 481, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "In Tauriâ (Bieb.)" (Reuter, 1847: 42, terra class. of Orobanche phelypaea M. Bieb. [ Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut.]); "Orobanche coccinea / in Tauria leg. & det. / Cl. Ledeb. / 22 // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970939 - E. Cosson, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [only one specimen, bad preserved]); "Tauria! (Pall. in Willd. herb., M. a. Bieb.) et provincis caucasicis (M. a. Bieb.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 325, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii); "Phelipaea foliata Lamb. ... / Phelipaea Biebersteinii Fisch. / Orobanche coccinea Biebers. / Willd. / Herbier A.N. Desvaux / Crescit in Tauria et Caucasia   4" (P 04392345 - A.N. Desvaux, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Tauria et Caucasus (M.B., Stev.)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Rossia mer. (Tauria)" (Nyman, C. F. 1854-1855: 134, sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut.); "Crimea: in the subalpine region (Tchichatcheff) "Sobla" Estate, on the Alma River, Marschall; sources of the Salgir River [Salhyr River, Chatyr-Dah / Çatır Dağ / Чатир-Даг / Чатыр-Даг (Crimean Mountains)], near Yenisala [Yeni-Sala], on Centaurea Scabiosa, Steven; without precise locality, Pallas, Arnoldi" (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata); "Halbinsel Krim!: an der Südküste (nach W. Arnoldi), zwischen Akmescht und Kurtz (Pallas!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Crimea" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 29[27], sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Crimea. Endemic ... Type: Described from the Crimean reserve [Crimean Natural Reserve] (iso-LE); [type apparently lost]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 28[29], terra class. of Phelypaea helenae Popl.); "Tauria" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); «Crimea [Krym] ("Alushta District [Алуштинська міська рада / Алуштинский горсовет], Crimean State Preserve, southern dry slope of hill") ... parasitizing Centaurea declinata Bieb.» (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 319[438], terra class. of Phelypaea helenae Popl.); "New localities of the Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson, a species listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, were found in the eastern part of the southern macroslope of the Crimean Mountains and in Kerch Peninsula ... Distribution of D. coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson in the Crimea: 1* — slope to the valley of the Alma river in Crimean Reserve; 2* — Mt. Chernaya; 3* — near the Kosmodemyanovskyi Monastery; 4* — Inzher-Syrt Ridge; 5* — Nikitskaya Yaila Ridge; 6* — Shtangeevskaya path in front of Mt. Stavri-Kaya; 7* — Mt. Shan-Kaya, eastern spures of Demerdzhi-Yaila; 8 — Tatar-Khaburga Ridge near Koktebel'; 9 — Opuk Mt. ... D. coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson on the maritime slopes of Mt. Opuk: a — the locality (a sandy spit of the Koyashskoje salt Lake on the background)" (Vasylenko, S.M. [Василенко, С.М.], 2009); "Цветущее растение. Крым [Crimea], горный луг, начало июня" (photo 4628 by Валентин Нужденко [Valentin Nuzhdenko] in Plantarium, accessed Dec 2010); "Ай-Петри 04.06.2010" [Ai-Petri / Ай-Петрі, Crimean Mountains, Yalta municipality] (photos 212453 in www.molbiol.ru, accessed Dec 2010); "Плодоносящие растения (на Centaurea trinervia [Psephellus trinervius (Willd.) Wagenitz]). ЮВ Крым, окр. Коктебеля. 10 июня 2011 г. Павел Евсеенков,  2011 [SW Crimea, vicinity Koktebel (Theodosia municipality), June 10, 2011]" (photo 112756 [of dry plants] by Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov], 2011 in Plantarium, accessed Mar 2012); "Цветущие растения, паразитирующие на Psephellus trinervius [Centaurea trinervia Willd.]. Крым, окр. Феодосии, Армутлукская долина, луговая степь [Crimea, env. Feodosia, Armutlukskaya valley, meadow steppe]. 17 мая 2017 г." and "паразитирующее на Centaurea sp. Крым, окр. Феодосии, Армутлукская долина, луговая степь. 17 мая 2017 г." (photos 525151, 525150, 525149, 525148 and 525144 by Валентина Фатерыга [Valentina Fateryga], 2017 in Plantarium, accessed Oct 2017); "Встречается редко, на каменистых склонах мыса Толстый на Меганоме [It is rare, on stony slopes of Cape Tolstoy on Meganom], а также в среднем и верхнем поясе Горного Крыма [as well as in the middle and upper zone of the Mountainous Crimea]. Фелипея - охраняемое растение." (photo 0513 in felipeya-krasnaya - Растения и Цветы, accessed Oct 2017).

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Unknown localions: "Anoplon Tournefortii // in fallor inter plantas polantinas Boiss frherchla amifra[?]" // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970936 - E. Cosson, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the two specimens on the lower right corner close to Bunge's label]); "Or. coccinea / ["Unknown or unspecified Asia"] 229 W" (BW 11607020, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2015); "Or. coccinea / ["Unknown or unspecified Asia"] 230 W" (BW 11607030, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2015); "Or. coccinea / ["Unknown or unspecified Asia"] 231 W" (BW 11607040, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2015); "Phelipaea foliata Lamb. / Phelipaea Biebersteinii / Orobanche coccinea W. / excl. syn. ... / Caucasus / ..." (L 2821541, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Phelypaea coccinea / Cazypamckuú xpedem [?] / 1923-V-3 / [leg.?] S Delaunay / [det.?] H. Ubereb" [?] (L 2821534, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Дифелипея киноварно-красная (Diphelypaea coccinea)." (photo 6_UIA_20150525 by Ирина Уханова in mycoweb.ru, accessed Oct 2017).

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