Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 4 March 2016


Accepted Name:

Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24 (5-6): 654 (1975)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847 [25 Nov. 1847]) ["4. A. Biebersteinii ... β Boissieri"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Stapf in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915, 6: 291 (1915) (Stapf, 1915: 290; Rix & Webb, 1972: 294; Gilli, 1982: 2; view IPNI entry)

Phelypaea coccinea var. boissieri (Reut.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 43 (1930)

Diphelypaea coccinea var. boissieri (Reut.) Uhlich in Kochia 9: 83 (2015)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 494 (1879 [Apr.-May 1879]) ["A. coccineus γ nigrovittatus"]. Syn. = Phelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Stapf in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915, 6: 291 (1915) (Stapf, 1915: 290, 293). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in graminosis montis Pir Omar Gudrum [Chiya-i Piromar / Chiyā-i Pīrōmar / Jabal Biru Mar / Jabal Bīrū Mār / Pīr `Umar, Bīrūmā / Piromar / Pīrōmar, Iraqi Kurdistan, Iraq] 5-6000' (Haussk ! )"; "was discovered in 1867 by Haussknecht on the mountain Pir Omar Gudrum, north of Sulimanieh in S.E. Kurdistan" (cf. Stapf, 1915: 293). Obs. "Corolla vittâ latâ nigra obsita" (Boissier, 1879: 494). Type: "No. 711 Haussknecht, It. Orient, Pir Omar Gudrum, Juin 1867" (Stapf, 1915: 293)

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= Phelypaea coccinea var. boissieri f. septemfida Gilli in Feddes Repert. 46: 47 (1939) ["8. Phelypaea coccinea Poiret var. Boissieri (Reuter) G. Beck f. septemfida Gilli nov. f. — Calyx irregulariter septemfidus"]. Ind. loc.: "Nord-Iran [Iran / ایران‎ / Irán / Persia]: Nördlich vom Kendewan-Paß [Kendavan Pass / Gardaneh-ye Kandovān, N 36° 9' 0'' E 51° 18' 0'', Māzandarān, Alborz / Alburz / Elburz / Elborz Mountains] an einem Abhang unweit des Tunnelbaues, 1800 m; 8.VII.1936."

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Misapplied names:

– Phelypaea coccinea auct. [saltem p.p.], non Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir., Encycl. 5: 268 (1804 [9 Jan 1804])

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Ind. loc.: "In argilosis montis Cadmi ad orientem Denisleh [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı / Baba Dagh, east of Denizli, Aydın Province, Aegean Region, Caria / Karia, region of western Anatolia, Turkey] (E. Boissier!), in Cariâ (Pinard!) ad radices Centaureae sp. adhaerens." (Reuter, 1847: 42); "Discovered by Boissier and Pinard on Mt. Cadmus (Baba Dagh [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı]) near Denislu [Denizli] in S.W. Asia Minor in 1842" (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub P. Boissieri).

Typi / Types: "Cadmus (Baba Da.), Boiss. & Pinard (type of P. boissieri Stapf)" (sec. Gilli, 1982: 2); "Syntypes: [Turkey] Caria, Pinard (G-BOIS; photo K!); [Turkey] in argillosis prope montis Cadmi (Baba Dag) prope Denislu [Denizli], 1842, Boissier (G-BOIS; photo K!)" (Cullen, 2010: 385, sub Phelypaea boissieri); Syntypes Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. / Cadmus supra Denisleh [Denizli], ad Centaurea / Boissier, [6 Jun 1842] (JE 00000021; G 00150150 in Jstor 2013); Syntypes Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. / Caria / Karia, Pinard, 1843 (G 00150149; G 00096074 in Jstor 2013); "Herb. E. Boissier / Anoplanthus Biebersteinii Reut. / β Boissieri Reut. / Mesogis [Messogis / Μεσωγίς / Μεσσωγίς / Akdağ / Kıraç Tepe / White Mountain, Taurus Mountains / Toros Dağları, Çameli district, Denizli Province] et Cadmus [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı / Baba Dagh, Aydın Province, Aegean Region, Caria / Karia, Anatolia, Turkey] / Jun. 1842" (P 02970934 - Boissier 1842, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the five specimens on the lower right corner close to Boissier's label]); idem (P 02970938 - Boissier 1842; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the two specimens on the upper left corner close to Boissier's label]).

Designated by: Cullen, J. in Curtis's Botanical Magazine 26(4): 385 (2010).

Host: Parasitic exclusively on Centaurea species (Compositae), e. g., Centaurea macrocephala Willd. (Cullen, 2010: 385; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed 24 Aug 2009).

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: "without full basionym ref." view IPNI entry (searchpage IK). The reference to the place of publication of the basionym in "References"! (Nicolson, 1975). Diphelypaea coccinea, D. boissieri and D. helenae seem to be very closely related to one another and the present treatment is provisional (D. helenae are included in D. coccinea) and D. boissieri is considered by us to be an independent species ["scapo crasso breviore ... squamis amplis ovato-cucullatis approximatis" (Reuter, 1847: 42. sub Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri). A yellowish-orange variant form of D. boissieri seems to have been photographed in Turkish Kurdistan by Karen Nichols (photo [corolla-lobes orbicular, overlapping], accessed 20 Jul 2010) [see "This plant has an orange flower and a morphology different than the species above. This could be a new species! Turkish Kurdistan." (SIUC (Parasitic Plant Connection), accessed 6 Feb 2006)]. According to Roskov & al. (2015) D. boissieri is a synonym of D. coccinea and D. helenae is here considered to be an independent species.

Morphological and taxonomic observations: according to (Stapf, 1915: 290, sub Ph. boissieri and Ph. foliata; Rix & Webb, 1972: 294, sub Ph. boissieri and Ph. coccinea; Cullen, 2010, sub Ph. boissieri and Ph. coccinea), D. boissieri ("corolla-lobes orbicular, overlapping; anthers hairy") is a different species to D. coccinea ("corolla-lobes obovate-orbicular, not overlapping, anthers glabrous")]. Key to these species (Stapf, 1915: 290; Cullen, 2010: 383-384).

Phylogenetic observation: Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57 [x = 19, sub Phelypaea (syn. Diphelypaea)], 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships", sub Phelypaea], 63 (2005).

Chromosomatic number: n = 19[?], 2n = 38[?] (Schneeweiss & al., 2004 f. 1f, g, sub Diphelypaea [D. coccinea]; Carlón & al., 2005: 57, sub Phelypaea [Ph. coccinea; Georgia, Garejis, between Lambalo and Udabno]).

Ic.: a, Anoplanthus Biebersteinii Reut. / β Boissieri Reut. / Mesogis et Cadmus (P 02970934 - Boissier 1842, syntypes); b, Cullen in Curtis Bot. Mag. 264: 381 t. 662, 386 f. P. boissieri (2010); c, "Iran, Azarbayjan-e-Gharbi [Āzārbāyjān-e Gharbī / West Azerbaijan], near Pasveh 1700 m, 25 km NE of Piranshahr [Khaneh / Khāneh / Piran Shahr] (25)" (photos by Marijn van den Brink, sub Ph. tournefortii [these photos seem to correspond to Phelypaea boissieri (= Diphelypaea boissieri) and they were taken near loc. class. Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus (Stapf, 1915: 290, 293)], accessed 6 Dec 2010); d, sheet (Demirkuş, 2007, sub Ph. coccinea); e, "Turkish Kurdistan. Photo by Karen Nichols" [unconfirmed, it seems to correspond to yellow variant form of D. boissieri, accessed 20 Jul 2010]; f, "Phelypaea coccinea ... only living on Centaurea sp. Seed was sown on and shown growing on Centaurea mixta DC. [C. raphanina subsp. mixta (DC.) Runemark; C. hellenica Boiss. & Spruner, nom. illeg.] by Neil Hubbard [cultivated in pots]" (1, 2, 3 photos by The Alpine Garden Society, accessed 6 Dec 2010); g, D. tournefortii vs. D. coccinea vs. D. boissieri (P02970941 vs. P 02970928 vs. P 02985753, habits and calyces); h, Europe (Jugoslavija).

Distribution: Eurasian distribution [Greece (West Macedonia), Iran (Persia), Iraq, Lebanon (unconfirmed); Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia); Syria (unconfirmed), Turkey (Anatolia)] (Cullen, 2010: 387).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Greece / Ελλάδα / Hellas / Grecia / Griechenland

West Macedonia: "Greece, Macedonia, Nomos and Eparchia of Florina [Florina Prefecture, West Macedonia]: Prespa National Park, hill slope above Lake Megali Prespa, alt. 1000-1400 m, Crivelli obs. (photo G. Katsadorakis, ATH; det. Kit Tan)" (Tan, Sfikas & Stevanovič, 1998: 168, sub Phelypaea boissieri); "Diphelypaea boissieri are known from only two locations in all of Europe [near in northern Greece]" (photos [img_3230, p5222774-001, img_3211, p5222783, p5222771, img_3238, p5222752, p5222762, img_3250] by June 13, 2012 by Julian Hoffman in Wildflowers (Notes from Near and Far); accessed Feb 2013); "Diphelypaea (Phelypaea) boissieri (Reuter) Stapf (Figure 1), an endemic of the Central Balkans found in in 1990 (F. Thornin-Lund & A.J. Crivelli, pers. comm.)" (cf. Crivelli & Catsadorakis., 2012: 36); "Diphelypaea boissieri, in Macedonia and Greece" (Gevezova & al., 2012: 91, 93); "investigate the plant and insect mystery at a site on Mt. Dévas [N 40° 48′ E 21° 02′, near Psarádes, near ]. After arriving at the site, it didn’t take us long to find the plant, Phelypaea (Diphelypaea) coccinea Poir., a parasitic member of the Orobanchaceae, distributed in SE-Europe, only living on Centaurea sp ... Flowers of Phelypaea coccinea with an as yet unidentified chafer beetle. Photo: Stephen Venn" (Venn & Kratochwil, 2012: 22-23 [accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 (the photo seems to correspond to D. boissieri)]); "Phelypaea coccinea / Owe Nilsson / 2013-05-11 / Mt Devas, Florina, West Macedonia, Greece / PhotoID: 69455 [069403, 069404, 069405 (on Centaurea sp.),]" (Owe Nilsson in http://www.igoterra.com/ [accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 (the photos seem to correspond to D. boissieri)]).

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Iran / ایران‎ / Irán [Persia]

East Azarbaijan Province: "... Probe Ateschbeg inter Takhti Soleiman [Takht-e Soleymān] et Maraga [Marāghé / Marāgha]. (Die Angabe "Bababaghi [Bāba Bāgh / Āsāyeshgāh-e Bābā Bāghī] prope Tebris [Tabriz] [Tauris]" in Bull. de l'Herb. Boiss. 1904 l. c. beruht nach brieflicher Mitteilung [12. X. 1906] des Herrn Strauss auf einem Irrtum un ist zu streichen.)" (Bornmüller, 1907: 116, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Bornmüller in Bull. Herb. Boiss. sér. 2. iv. (1904) 687 ... "P. coccinea" ... Babadagh [Bāba Bāgh / Āsāyeshgāh-e Bābā Bāghī] near Tabriz [Tabriz], and Ateschbeg between Maraga [Marāghé / Marāgha] and Tak-i-Soleiman, both in Azerbeidjan [Iranian Azerbaijan], Persia" (Stapf, 1915: 294, sub Phelypaea foliata); "Persien; (Bode!); bei Azerbeidjan, Tebris [Tabriz], Bababagh im Mai 1892 (Th. Strauss in Herb. Haussknecht!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); "Kurdistan: zwischen Maruga [Marāghé / Marāgha] und Tukkteri-Soleiman bei Ateschbeg im März (Strauss)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "W: Kurd.: W centr. Kurdistan [Iranian Kurdistan], 35º 30' N, 46º 38' E, 1600-1900 m, Jacobs 6573!; Azerb.: Bobodagh, Tabriz, Str.! Ateshbeg, inter Takht-i Soleiman et Maragheh, Str.!" (cf. Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); "52 km a Siah Chaman versus Maragheh [Marāghé / Marāgha], 1600-1750 m, Rech. [K.H. Rechinger ] 56753." (Gilli, 1979: 290, sub Anoplon coccineum).

Gerrus Province - Kermanshah Province: "Inter Gerrus et Haftkhaneh, dist. Kizyl, Str.!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum).

Kurdistan Province: "seed collected in 2000 in northern Iran, prov. Kordestan [Kurdistan Province], ESE of Sanandaj, where it was common on rocky slopes with diverse steppe vegetation at 2000 m. The seed was collected by Jim Archibald and distributed by him as seed number JJA 0764800, (see www.jjaseeds.com) and by Norman Stevens ... Centaurea macrocephala Puschk." (Cullen, 2010: 385, sub Phelypaea boissieri).

Markazi Province: "Sultanabad [Arāk / Soltan-abad] prope Qazvin [Qazvin / Qazwin / Ghazvin], 1700 m, Linds. 108!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum).

Māzandarān / Mazandaran Province: "Nord-Iran: Nördlich vom Kendewan-Paß [Kendavan Pass / Gardaneh-ye Kandovān, N 36° 9' 0'' E 51° 18' 0'', Alborz / Alburz / Elburz / Elborz Mountains] an einem Abhang unweit des Tunnelbaues, 1800 m; 8. VII. 1936." (Gilli 1939: 47, loc. class. of Ph. coccinea var. boissieri f. septemfida); "Elburs: Kandavan-Gebiet, bei Pole Zangulé, im Buschwald, 2250 m (14.VI.1937; no. 1669)" (Bornmüller & Gauba, 1942: 220); "Persia: N. Maz.: Kandavan [Kandovan / Candovan], Elburz, 1800 m, Gilli. Pol-e Zanguleh, 2250 m, Gauba 1669! ... Maz.: In valle Haraz supra Panjab, 3000 m, WDB. 1579" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum).

Qazvin Province: "C: Qazv. [Qazvin Province]: 24 km N. Karaj [Karaj, Alborz], 2000 m, Stutz! 1132!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum).

Tehran Province / Ostān-e Tehrān: "Persia: N. Maz. [Māzandarān / Mazandaran]: in faucibus vallis Chalus supra Valiabad [Tehran Province / Ostān-e Tehrān], 2100 m, Rech. 48337." (Gilli, 1979: 290, sub Anoplon coccineum).

Āzārbāyjān-e Gharbī / West Azerbaijan: "Prope Takhti-Soleiman ("Ecbatana secunda") inter Zendschan et Hamadan; VI. 1898 ..." (cf. Bornmüller, 1907: 116, sub Phelypaea coccinea); " Ham. [Hamedan]: Takht-i Soleiman, inter Zanjan [Zanjan] et Hamadan [Hamadan], Str.!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); "W: Azerb. [West Azerbaijan]: Ghogeh Dagh prope Bazorgan [Khoy-Makou-Bazorgan (Turkish frontier), Āzārbāyjān-e Gharbī], 2200.2250 m, Lamond 5000." (Gilli, 1979: 290, sub Anoplon coccineum); "Iran, Azarbayjan-e-Gharbi, near Pasveh 1700 m, 25 km NE of Piranshahr [Khaneh / Khāneh / Piran Shahr] (25)" (photos by Marijn van den Brink in keesjan.smugmug.com, sub Ph. tournefortii [these photos seem to correspond to Phelypaea boissieri (= Diphelypaea boissieri) and they were taken near loc. class. of Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus (Stapf, 1915: 290, 293)]; accessed Dec 2010); "Diphelypaea boissieri (syn. Phelypaea boissieri) parasitic on Centaurea spec. (Iran, Azarbayjan-e-Gharbi, near Pasveh 1700 m, 25 km NE of Piranshahr (25)" (photos [980 / 1351, 981 / 1351, 982 / 1351, 983 / 1351, 984 / 1351, ..., 987 / 1351, ..., 992 / 1351, ..., 999 / 1351, 1000 / 1351, ..., 1004 / 1351, 1005 / 1351, ...]; "Diphelypaea boissieri (syn. Phelypaea boissieri) parasitic on Centaurea spec. (Iran, Azarbayjan-e-Gharbi, 5 km SW of Shahin Dezh 1700-1800 m (29)" (photos [1097 / 1351, 1098 / 1351, 1099 / 1351, 1100 / 1351, 1101 / 1351] by Marijn van den Brink, sub D. boissieri in Iran, Elburz mountains, Western part and Northwestern Iranian mountains, accessed Jan 2015).

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Iraq / العراق‎  / al-‘Irāq / Irak

Iraqi Kurdistan /  Kurdistan Region / هه‌رێمی کوردستان: "Hab. in graminosis montis Pir Omar Gudrum [Chiya-i Piromar / Chiyā-i Pīrōmar / Jabal Biru Mar / Jabal Bīrū Mār / Pīr `Umar, Bīrūmā / Piromar / Pīrōmar] 5-6000' (Haussk!)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, loc. class. of Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus; Beck, 1930: 44, sub A. coccineus var. nigrovittatus); "No. 711 Haussknecht, It. Orient, Pir Omar Gudrum, Juin 1867" (Stapf, 1915: 293, type of Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus); "Kurd.: M. Pir Omar Gudrum 1700-2000 m, Hausskn." (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); "N. Iraq" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Phelypaea coccinea (Orobanchaceae) to be published in Volume 7 of the Flora of Iraq (Image: Saman Abdulrahman)" (rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja; accessed Feb 2013 [corolla-lobes orbicular, overlapping]).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Libanon / Liban [unconfirmed]

Checklist of Lebanon Plants (pdf, accessed 6 Dec 2010).

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Macedonia / Македонија / Mazedonien / Macédoine [former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Yugoslavia / Jugoslavia, postage stamp)]

"Durch gütige Vermittlung von Herrn Geheimrat Professor Dr. K. Müllenhoff erhielt das Botanische Museum kürzlich eine Pflanze, die als ein interessanter Zuwachs für die Flora der Balkanhalbinsel erkannt wurde. Ihre nähere Untersuchung ergab, daß sie zu Phelipaea Boissieri Stapf (Anoplanthus Biebersteinii var. Boissieri Reut. in DC. Prodr. XI [1847] 42) gehört. Sie wurde von Herrn Leutnant Adolf  Müllenhoff gefunden in Macedonien bei Gradsko am Wardar (etwa 60 km nördlich der griechischen Grenze). Er sammelte sie dort in Vollblüte am 12. April 1916, und noch einmal in verblühtem Zustande in den ersten Tagen des Mai 1916, auf den Wurzelstöcken einer Centaurea-Art schmarotzend." (Diels, 1916: 416); "in Mazedonien bei Gradsko am Vardar, 60 kilom. nördlich von der griechischen Grenze (Adolf Müllenhoff im April und Mai 1916 nach L. Diels im Notizbl. des k. bot. Gart. Berlin n. 61 [1916] 416); ferner bei Galicung [Galičica / Galichitza Planina / Galicica Petrina / Galiçicë / Mali i Thatë] im August (Vandas in Herb. Velenovsky!)" (Beck, 1930: 44, sub Phelypaea coccinea var. boissieri); "C. Makedonija, around Gradsko" (Rix & Webb, 1972: 294, sub Phelypaea boissieri); "in central F.Y.R. Makedonija the species has its main distribution between Gradsko/Vardar and Prilep. It also occurs on Mt Galičica just E of Lake Ohrid" (Tan, Sfikas & Stevanovič, 1998: 168, sub Phelypaea boissieri); "Diphelypaea boissieri, in Macedonia and Greece" (Gevezova & al., 2012: 91, 93).

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Syria / Siria / Syrien / Syrie [unconfirmed, see Turkey]

"Anoplanthus biebersteinii / Reut. / Syria Cassii cacumen  Jun. 1846 / E. Boissier" (P 02970934 - Boissier 1846; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the two specimens on the lower left corner close to Boissier's label]); "montis Cassii Syriae borealis regio superior (Boiss!)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Mountains to alpine regions; Cassius [Jebel Akra / Kilic Dagi / Kılıç Dağı / Mount Cassius, Hatay Province, Turkey] to Akherdagh [Akher Dagh / Ahır Dağı, Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province, Mediterranean Region / Akdeniz Bölgesi, Turkey]" (Post, 1896: 601, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Syria: On the summit of Djebel Akra (Mons Cassius) [Keldağ / Jabal al Aqra‘ / Jebel al Akra / Casius, Nusairy Chain, Latakia (Jebel Akra / Kilic Dagi / Kılıç Dağı / Mount Cassius, Hatay Province, Turkey)], 1769 m, Boissier" (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub P. boissieri); "Nördliches Syrien: (Boissier); in der oberen Alpenregion des Cassius gegen Akherdagh [Akher Dagh (The Chains of Cassius and Amanus by G.E. Post, 1886)], nach G.E. Post, Fl. of Syria, Palest. (1896) 601" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Syria" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, sub Anoplon coccineum); "N.º 14 / Herbier Gombault / Plantes des Etats de Syrie, du Liban / de Lattaquié et du Djebe-Druze / Orobanchaceae / Phelypaea coccinea (M.B.) Poir. / = Anoplanthus coccineus Walp. / 11 Mai 1932 / Jebel Agra [Cassius (Jebel Akra / Kilic Dagi / Kılıç Dağı / Mount Cassius, Hatay Province, Turkey)] (Syrie du Nord) / R. Gombault" (P 02985753; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [three specimens very well preserved]); "N. Syria" (cf. Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Tuquía / Turkije

Anatolia (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 2, "N.E., Inner & S. Anatolia. A7", sub Anoplon coccineum)

Aegean Region: "Herb. E. Boissier / Anoplanthus Biebersteinii Reut. / β Boissieri Reut. / Mesogis [Messogis Mountains / Mesogis Mountains, Aydın Dağları (ancient Lydia), near Aydın / Güzelhisar / Tralles, Aydın Province] et Cadmus [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı / Baba Dagh, Aydın Province] / Jun. 1842" (P 02970934 - Boissier 1842; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the tree specimens (syntypes) on the lower right corner close to Boissier's label], loc. class. of Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut.); idem (P 02970938 - E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the two specimens (syntypes) on the upper left corner close to Boissier's label]); Cadmus supra Denisleh [Denizli], ad Centaurea / [6 Jun 1842] (JE 00000021; G 00150150; syntypes Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. in jstor 2013); Caria / Karia, Pinard, 1843 (G 00150149; G 00096074; syntypes Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. in Jstor 2013); "In argilosis montis Cadmi ad orientem Denisleh [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı / Baba Dagh, Aydın Province, Caria / Karia, region of western Anatolia] (E. Boissier!), in Cariâ (Pinard!) ad radices Centaureae sp. adhaerens." (Reuter, 1847: 42, terra class. of Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut.); "Hab in regione montanâ et alpinâ ad radices Centaurearum plurium parasitica, mons Cadmus Cariae [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı / Baba Dagh, Aydın Province] supra Denisleh [Denizli, Denizli Province] (Boiss! Pinard!)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Discovered by Boissier and Pinard on Mt. Cadmus (Baba Dagh [Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı]) near Denislu [Denizli] in S.W. Asia Minor in 1842" (Stapf, 1915: 293, loc. class. of P. Boissieri); "Asia Minor: Vill. Aidin, Baba Dagh [Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı], above Denislu [Denizli], Boissier, Pinard." (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub P. Boissieri); "Carien [Caria / Karia]: auf dem Cadmus ober Denisleh (Pinard und Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Anatolien: auf lehmigen Stellen des Berges Cadmus [Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı] in Carien am Osthange gegen Denisleh [Denizli] (Boissier nach Reuter) auf Centaurea" (Beck, 1930: 44, sub Phelypaea coccinea var. boissieri); "B3 Afyon [Afyon / Afyonkarahisar Province]: 32 km S. of Sandikli, 1000 m, Sorger 62-26-1! ... C2 Denizli [Denizli Province]: Cadmus (Baba Da.), Boiss. & Pinard (type of  P. boissieri Stapf)" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea); "Syntypes: [Turkey] Caria, Pinard (G - BOIS; photo K!); [Turkey] in argillosis prope montis Cadmi (Baba Dag [Mount Cadmus / Topçambaba Dağı / Baba Dağı / Baba Dagh, Aydın Province]) prope Denislu [Denizli, Denizli Province], 1842, Boissier (G - BOIS; photo K!)" (Cullen, 2010: 385, sub Phelypaea boissieri).

Black Sea Region

Artvin Province: "A8 Çoruh: nr Melo above Artvin [Artvin Province], 2000 m, Apold et al. 159!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea).

Gümüşhane Province: "A7 Gümüşane: Stavri, 2600 m, Balls 523!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea).

Eastern Anatolia Region:

Erzurum Province: 1. "P. Sintenis: Iter orientale 1889. / No. 406 / Armenia turcica [Western Armenia, Erzurum Province?]. / det. Dr. O. Stapf.". – 2. "Herbarium orientale / Dr. O. Stapf, purchased 1891". – 3. "Phelypaea Boissieri, Stapf / Determinavit O.S.". – 4. "anth. bearded" (K 000999862 - Hookerianum 1867 - 665294; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 [two specimens relatively well-preserved]); "Turkish Armenia: without precise locality, Sintenis (1899) No. 406!" (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub P. Boissieri); "... B8 Erzurum: Karaağil to Erzurum, Hamur-pet Da., Mitchell 2778(!)" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea).

Hakkâri Province: "C10 Hakkari: Yüksekova, 1950 m, 23 v 1966, Eiselt!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea).

Kars Province: "A9 Kars: Kağizman, above Pazli, 1800 m, T. Baytop (ISTE 19972)!" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea).

Van Province: "North of Van, Maunsell! Norduz District, Maunsell!" (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub P. Boissieri); "B9 Van: Darnis Aşağı, 2700 m, Frödin 1936: 184" (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea); "Muradiye [Van Province], Babacan village, Hüseyin Kom stream, steppe, 2100 m, 28 v 2002, OK 3038. Hk. Ir.-Tur." (Karabacak & Behcet, 2007: 520, sub Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir [the host-plant has not been reported, but this record seems to correspond to D. boissieri or to D. tournefortii]); "Turkish Kurdistan. Photo by Karen Nichols" [unconfirmed, it seems to correspond to yellow variant form of D. boissieri, accessed Jul 2010].

Mediterranean Region / Akdeniz Bölgesi: "Anoplanthus biebersteinii / Reut. / Syria Cassii cacumen [Jebel Akra / Kilic Dagi / Kılıç Dağı / Mount Cassius, Hatay Province] Jun. 1846 / E. Boissier" (P 02970934 - Boissier 1846; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the two specimens on the lower left corner close to Boissier's label]); "Theodor Kotschy. Iter cilicico-kurdicum 1859. / Plantae in montibus Kassan Oghlu ad pagum Gorumse [Cilicia now known as Çukurova, Adana Province] lectae. / 44. Anoplanthus Biebersteinii Reuter / β Boissieri — Boiss. / Planta formosissima Quercetorum fruticeta incolit alt. 4000'. Die 12. Maii." (P 02970932 - Kotschy 1859, no 44; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 02970934 - Kotschy 1859, no. 44; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the five specimens on the upper right corner close to Kotschy's label]); idem (P 02970938 - E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the nine specimens on the right-hand close to Kotschy's label]); idem (P 02970939 - E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the five specimens on the right corner close to Kotschy's label]); 1. "Theodor Kotschy. Iter cilicico-kurdicum 1859. / Plantae in montibus Kassan Oghlu ad pagum Gorumse [Cilicia now known as Çukurova, Adana Province] lectae. / 44. Anoplanthus Biebersteinii Reuter / β Boissieri — Boiss. / Planta formosissima Quercetorum fruticeta incolit alt. 4000'. Die 12. Maii.". – 2. "Phelypaea Boissieri, Stapf / Determinavit O.S." (K 000999863 - Hookerianum 1867 - 665294; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 [four specimens relatively well-preserved]); "Ciliciae [Cilicia now known as Çukurova, Adana Province] ditio Kassan Oghlu 4000' in quercetis (Ky. 44!)" (Boissier, 1879: 494, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Mountains to alpine regions; Cassius [Jebel Akra / Kilic Dagi / Kılıç Dağı / Mount Cassius, Hatay Province] to Akherdagh [Akher Dagh / Ahır Dağı, Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province]" (Post, 1896: 601, sub Anoplanthus coccineus); "Vil. Adana, in oakwoods in the "Kassan Oglu" Mts. near Gorumse [Cilicia now known as Çukurova, Adana Province], north of Si, 1200 m, Kotschy 44!... " (Stapf, 1915: 293, sub P. Boissieri); "Cilicien [Cilicia now known as Çukurova, Adana Province]: Im Gebiete Kassan Oghlu beim Dorfe Gorumse (Kotschy, Iter cilic. kurd. n. 44!)" (Beck, 1930: 43, sub Phelypaea coccinea) "C3 Isparta [Isparta Province]: Çiçekdağ, 1500 m, Sorger 67-5-105! C5 Adana [Adana Province]: Hasanoğlu nr Gürümze, 1300 m, Kotschy 1859: 44! C6 Maraş [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province]: Ahir Da., B. Post." (Gilli, 1982: 2, sub Ph. coccinea); "Kilavuzlu [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province] to Kertel, landslide places, 500-600 m, 27.04.1995, K. 672" (Tatli & al., 2002: 270, sub Phelypaea coccinea); "Antalya Province, Bakirli Daği [Western Taurus Mountains], "Phelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Poir. – 1c [1: Bakirli D. above Saklikent 1850-2200 m, limestone. 1c: thorn-cushion, dwarf shrub communities]: 25.4.1998, E 6697. – Pa / IT." (Eren & al., 2004: 483). [N.B. Hatay Province vide Syria].

Southeastern Anatolia Region

Gaziantep Province: "Around Sofalici village [Gaziantep Province], waste places, 1000-1100 m, 06.05.2000, E.Ö. 1162. - Ir-tur." (Özuslu & al., 2005: 201, sub Phelypaea coccinea).

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Unknown location: "Or. coccinea // Phelipaea Biebersteinii [Unknown or unspecified Asia] / Dr. G. Beck" (BW 11607010; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2015).

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