Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 12 April 2018


Accepted Name:

Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895) (Beck, 1930: 36; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 22[27])

Basionymum / Basionym:

Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey. in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 461 (1830) ["Phelipaea"] (Beck, 1930: 36; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 22[27])

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) (Beck, 1930: 36; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 22[27])

Orobanche salsa var. normalis Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) ["α normalis O. Ktze."], nom. illeg.

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 633 (1837-1838) ["Fisch. in litt."], pro syn (Steudel, 1841: 318, sub Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey.; Walpers, 1844: 462, sub Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey., "Fisch. mss."). Ind. loc.: "H. Native of the Kirghisean Steppe [Kazakh Steppe / Kirghiz Steppe, Kazakhstan and Russia], in saltish, argillaceous soil, beyond the Kurtschum [East Kazakhstan / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Восточно-Казахстанская область], towards the east"

= Phelypaea gigantea Karel. in Bull. Soc. Natur. Mosc.1839: 165[no. 638] (1839) (Ledebour, 1849: 314, sub P. flava C. A. Meyer Ind. cauc. p. 104, "Karel. Enum. pl. Turkomann. in Bullet. de la  Soc. des Natur. d. Mosc. p. a. 1839, p. 165, No. 638"; Beck, 1930: 36; Schlauer & al., 2003). Ind. loc.: "Siberia uralensi in insula Ogurtschik [Turkmenistan / Türkmenistan / Turkmenia / Туркмения / Turkmenien / Turcomannia, Insel Ogurtschinsk] m. caspii [Caspian Sea]! (Karel)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314, sub P. flava)

= Amblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 12 (1847) ["Amblatum Tataricum Fisch. mss."], pro syn.

= Orobanche squamaria Fisch. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849 [Jun 1849]) ["in herb. reg. berol."], pro syn. (Ledebour, 1849: 314; IK, view IPNI entry)

= Orobanche rhizopus Wallr. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849 [Jun 1849]) ["in herb. reg. berol."], pro syn. (Ledebour, 1849: 314)

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849 [Jun 1849]) ["in litt."], pro syn. (Ledebour, 1849: 314). Ind. loc.: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in deserto / Kirgisorum [lacum Inderiensem deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio, Kazakhstan]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn, 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer". Herbarium Specimen: P 02983461

? = Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851). Syn.: Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887); = Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287); = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28])

? = Phelypaea incana Paine in Palestine Explor. Soc. Third Statem: 116 (1875 [Jan 1875]) (Post, 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"; Beck, 1930: 36; IK, view IPNI entry). Ind. loc.: Transjordania; "Palestina trans Jordanum [Transjordan / Lordship of Oultrejordain / Oultrejourdain] (Payme!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa)

? = Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877). Syn.: Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287). Ind. loc.: "In Turkomania [Turkmenistan], prope Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su]" et in insula Tscheleken (B. [Becker])". Obs. see C. fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck

? = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896) (view IPNI entry; Beck, 1930: 37). Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877); = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287)

? = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877)

= Orobanche rhizopea Wallr. ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 36 (1930) ["in Herb. Petrop."], pro syn.

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 36 (1930) ["in litt. f. Ledebour"], pro syn. (Meyer, 1830: 462;  Ledebour, 1849: 314; Beck, 1930: 36; P 02983461)

? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851)

? = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936). Syn.: = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287-288, 290). Ind. loc.: Persia

= Cistanche jodostoma Butkov & Vved., Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 508, 640 (1961). Ind. loc.: Tajikistan / Таджикистан (view IPNI entry; Schlauer & al., 2003). Herbarium Specimen: VII.1970 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Памир и Памиро-Алай [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Pamir and Pamir-Alai] (MW 0877625)

= Cistanche speciosa Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 509, 641 (1961). Ind. loc.: Uzbekistan / Узбекистан (view IPNI entry; Schlauer & al., 2003)

= Cistanche stenostachya Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 508, 641 (1961). Ind. loc.: Uzbekistan / Узбекистан (view IPNI entry; Schlauer & al., 2003)

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? = Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) ["δ ambigua O. Ktze."]. Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851)

= Cistanche salsa var. longidens Gilli in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 383 (1971) (view IPNI entry). Holotype: 1. "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memleh- /asi nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on / Kochia (?) 18700. Fl. pale lilac / with yellow throat. / Anthers / cream. / 8 June 1852. Davis 18709 & Dodds.". 2. "... Cistanche salsa (C.A.Meyer) G. Beck / var. longidens Gilli var. nov. / 1966 det. A. Gilli". 3. "Holotype / of Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck var. longidens Gilli / in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 383. (1971)." (E 00028880). Paratype: "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memlehasi / nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on Kochia [Chenopodiaceae] / 18700. / 8 June 1952. Davis 18719 & Dodds." (E 00028881)

= Cistanche salsa var. albiflora (P.F. Tu & Z.C. Lou) in Bull. Bot. Res. NE Forest. Univ. 14(1): 32 (1994) (Schlauer & al., 2003). Ind. loc.: Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region: "China: Ningxia: Yanchi in Salsola passerina Bunge [Chenopodiaceae] parasitica. 23 May 1992" (CVH, accessed Oct 2013). Ic.: "Цветущее растение-альбинос в глинистой пустыне. Казахстан, Кызылординская обл. 27.04.2011 [Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda region. 27.04.2011]" (photo 91603 by Юрий Пирогов, 2011 in Plantarium; accessed Sep 2012)

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= Orobanche salsa var. normalis f. breviloba Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225[-226] (1887) [Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaniceskago Sada. Acta horti petropolitani]. Ind loc.: "Turkmenen-Steppe". Holotype: "Orobanche Salsa (C.A. Mey.) m. [Kuntze] / normalis / f. breviloba m. [Kuntze] / 371 Turkmenien V 86 [May 1886] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze." (NY 00312481 - Kuntze 371)

= Cistanche salsa f. luxurians Novopokr. [in sched.]. Herbarium Specimen: 1. "...1930 ... Nº 13115 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Сырдарьинские пустыни и Кызылкумы [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, the Syr Darya Desert and the Kyzyl Kum]." 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / f. luxurians m. / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (MW 0877630)

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Misapplied names:

Phelypaea violacea auct., non Phelypaea violacea Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 60[-61], t. 145 (1798)

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Ind. loc.: "Hab. in locis argilloso-salsis deserti soongoro [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] - kirghisici trans fl. [fluvium / river] Kurtschum [East Kazakhstan Province / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Şığıs Qazaqstan oblısı, Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Kazajistán] orientem versus (M.) — Fl. Majo.".

Typus / Type: Type in LE (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22; Gilli, 1982: 3, holotype LE); Collections of C.F.Ledebour from Siberia (LE); "Altai" (PH 00029577, Type ["Collection date  Not on sheet"]; Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (PH) in Jstor). See "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / m. Ledebour 1831" (P 02983459 - herb. A. Jussieu 1857; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)" (P 02983459 - herb. A. Jussieu 1857) et "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / Ledebour 1836" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Designated by: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, Flora SSSR 23: 23[28] (1958).

Host: Mainly parasitic on Chenopodiaceae family (e.g., Anabasis sp. [A. salsa (C.A. Mey.) Volkens, A. cretacea Pall.], Atriplex sp. [A. cana C.A. Mey., A. verrucifera M. Beb.], Kalidium caspicum Ung.-Sternb. [Salicornia caspica L], K. foliatum (Pall.) Moq. [Salicornia foliata Pall.]), Kalidium gracile Fenzl; K. cuspidatum (Ung.-Sternb.) Grubov [K. arabicum var. cuspidatum], Salsola passerina Bunge) and, perhaps, on other families too (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]); FRPS, accessed Oct 2013; CVH [FRPS 69: 87, 89]; CVH [4: 354]; CVH [5: 317-318]; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

Comments:

Morphological and taxonomic observations:

Cistanche violacea can be confused with Cistanche salsa [which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles (woolly C. salsa in L. Boulos, 2002: 94, key).

"[Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.] Flowers yellowish white, tipped with reddish chocolate, or maroon, each flower being subtended by a large bract, which is fringed with a line of short white hairs. An extremely handsome parasite, differing from C. Salsae in being wholly glabrous except the margins of the bracts" (Aitchison, 1888: 93-94).

"Note. The distincitions between this species [C. ambigua (Bge.) Beck (see Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 30[37]), t. 3 f. 1)] and the preceding species [Cistanche salsa] are not always clearly expressed" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 24[29]).

Related Species:

Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851); Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887); = Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287); = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]). Ind. loc.: "Hab. Lehmsteppe in der Wüste Kisil-kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм, Balkan, Turkmenistan] 20. April 1842." (Bunge, 1851: 429); "In desertis argillosis prope Kisil Kum in Turkestan [Turkistan] (Lehmann!)" (Beck, 1930: 40); "Described from Kyzyl Kum desert. Type in Paris (?), topotype in Leningrad [LE]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]). Ic.: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 30[37] t. 3 f. 1; "Часть соцветия. Западный Казахстан, плато Аккерегешин [West Kazakhstan, plateau of Akkeregeshin] 45 км NO п. Кульсары. 03.05.2013." (photos 186559 and 186558 by Евгений Комаров, 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук in Plantarium [sub Cistanche ambigua]; accessed Jan 2015). Host-plants: "Parasitic on species of saxaul (Haloxylon Bge.), possibly also on other Chenopodiaceae" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]); "Calligonum (Polygonaceae)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 97). Obs. "Speciinen unicum, planta tamen distinctissima inter Trionychia et Cistanches intermedia et Ph. fissae C. A. Mey. proxima, ab hac vero calyce integro distincta; a simillima Ph. salsa differt calyce, corollis angustioribus longioribus, et antheris apiculatis; cum caeteris haud confundenda." (Bunge, 1851: 429); "Nec Boissier neque autor specimen huius plantae vidit, quae Cistanchi fissae proxima vel identica esse videtur" (Beck, 1930: 40); "corolla ... more or less hairy ... often along edges of lobes too" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]); conspecific (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); see Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck and Cistanche deserticola Ma. Obs. "Parasitic on species of saxaul (Haloxylon Bge.), possibly also on other Chenopodiaceae" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]); see FRPS, C. fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck and C. deserticola Ma. Herbarium Specimen: "Phelypaea ambigua / Alexandri Lehmann / reliquiae botanicae. / ... / Kisil-Kum / Al. Bunge" (P 02970944 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2015, type of Phelypaea ambigua); Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Каракумы (Туркмения) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, the Karakum (Turkmenia)] (MW 0877613; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018 [cf. Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm.]).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Ledebour, Icon. Pl. 4: t. 376 (1833) (Meyer in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 462. 1830); b, Tajikistan, Tigrovaja Balka Nature Reserve (photo by Eugene A. Davkaev in Montarano Nature Photography); c, Baikonur, Kazakhstan [Окрестности города Байконур, Казахстан], photo 01 and 02 by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky] in Photos of plants in Kazakhstan by Yuriy75, accessed Mar 2012]; d, f. 256-8, Cistanche salsa in Flora of China; e, P 02983467 (Tengi Charam, Plantes du Turkestan); f, NY 00312481 (Orobanche salsa f. breviloba, holotype); g. Regel, Iter turkest. n. 369 (COI 00056960); g, CVH [FRPS 69: 88 t. 23 f. 7], accessed Oct. 2013; h, CVH [4: 355 t. 140 f. 1-6], accessed Oct. 2013; CVH [5: 316 t. 128 f. 1-6], accessed Oct. 2013; i, 855525, 855526, 855524 in www.plantphoto.cn - FRPS (accessed Oct 2013); j, CVH: PE 01542448, PE 01542444, PE 01542445, PE 01542446, PE 01542447, IFP 13299999w0004 (on Kalidium); BJM 169808, ... (accessed Oct 2013).

Distribution: "Songaria, Sibiria Uralensis" (Boissier, 1879: 501); "Asia Minor, Armenia-Kurdistan, Iran, Dzhungaria-Kasgharia, Tibet, Mongolia (southern part)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]); "Gansu, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Xinjiang [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia]" (C. salsa in Flora of China); distribution (Greuter & al., 1989: 255; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien [unconfirmed, see Cistanche armena (Koch, 1844: 291, loc. class. of P. armena; Aghababyan, 2013: 133-35, "To the best of my knowledge, Cistanche salsa proper has never been found in Armenia, nor is it likely to grow in nearby Nahičevan.")].

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Afghanistan /  افغانستان / Afġānistān / Afganistán

Balkh: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan: circa lacum Inderiensem deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn, 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "N: Mazar-e Sarif [Mazār-i-Sharīf / Mazār-e Sharīf]: in desertis inter Mazar-i Sharif et Tashkurghan, Rech. 34226" (Gilli, 1979: 291, sub C. salsa [E 00028878; C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl., rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013]).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso / Caucas / Caucase [see Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck]

"Herb. Acad. Petrop. / N.º 898 / Phelipaea fissa C. A. M. / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1930 // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970922; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016, type of P. fissa?).

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China (Beck, 1930: 37; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, "Sina", sub C. salsa; Gilli, 1982: 3, "Sinkiang, Tibet"; C. salsa in Flora of China; map in eFlora, accessed Oct 2013)

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region: "China: Ningxia: Yanchi in Salsola passerina Bunge parasitica. 23 May 1992" (CVH, accessed Oct 2013).

Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) / Tibet / Xizang / Xizang Autonomous Region: "China: bei Tangut [Tibet] am Hange des Joches Ballkun bei 10000' Seehöhe (Przewalski n. 198)" (Beck, 1930: 37); "Tibet" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]); "Tibet" (Gilli, 1982: 3).

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: "Sinkiang" (Gilli, 1982: 3).

"China: ... Zentralchina: im Flußtale des Hwang-ho [Yellow River / Huang He / Hwang Ho] (Przewalski); Kan-su [Gansu]: südlich des Hwang-ho (Piasecki nach. Maximowicz)" (Beck, 1930: 37); "Gansu, Nei Mongol [Inner Mongolia / Öbür Monggol / Övör Mongol / Nèi Měnggǔ], Qinghai, Xinjiang" (Cistanche salsa in Flora of China).

CVH: PE 01542448, PE 01542444, PE 01542445, PE 01542446, PE 01542447, IFP 13299999w0004 (on Kalidium); BJM 169808, BJM 169807  ... (accessed Oct 2013).

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Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria: Xinjiang (China), western Mongolia and eastern Kazakhstan]! (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa; Beck, 1930: 37; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. salsa, Dshungaria)

"Herbar. Th. Bienert / Phelipaea salsa / Inter Itgagur e Semipam [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria, Kazakhstan / Kazakstan?]..." Schrenk, Alexander Gustav von (COI 00056961).

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Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten (Tackholm, 1974; Boulos 2002: 95-96) [unconfirmed, Cistanche violacea can be confused with C. salsa, which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles]

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Reuter, 1847: 12, sub P. salsa; Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa; Bornmüller, 1904: 686; Beck, 1930: 36; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. salsa; Gilli, 1979: 291; Gilli, 1982: 3, "W. & C. Iran"; Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99 sub C. salsa)

Ardabil Province: 1. "Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5078 (C". 2. "Herb. Mus. Paris / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Meyer / Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / Perse" (P 02983460; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5078 (C [Perse]" (P 02970910 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Phelipaea salsa C.A. Meyer / (Perse) alp. Savalan [Mount Sabalan, Ardabil Province, extreme north west of Iran] / Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5079 [leg. Aucher]" (P 02983462; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov. 2013 [the sheet contains three specimens, the right-hand specimen seems to correspond to C. ridgewayana, the others need to be confirmed]); idem (P 03811168; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018 [specimen is not typical, it needs be confirmed]).

East Azerbaijan Province: 1. "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani. / "Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Persia bor.  Szovits". 2. "Herb. Musei Hist. Natur. Vindob. / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) G. Beck / 1966  rev. A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) G. Beck, rev. Najibeh Ataei May 2014" (E 00028879; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov. 2013 [poorly preserved specimens, see C. salsa var. longidens Gilli]); "prov. Aderbidjan [Iranian Azerbaijan] (Szov. [Szovits]!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "Persien!: im nördlichen Persien zwischen Schachhauli und Tutorbula (Szovits n. 177) ... in der Provinz Aderbidjan [Iranian Azerbaijan] (Szovits nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36); "W: Azerbaijan, Szov." (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. salsa); "Azerbaijan: Jolfa-Aras, 790 m, Foroughi 5701." (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99 sub C. salsa).

Isfahan / Esfahan Province: "Phelipaea salsa Mey? / Ispahan [Sepahan / Esfahan / Hispahan, Isfahan County] / Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5080 [leg. Aucher]" (P 02970911; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "prope Ispahan (Auch.! n. 5080!)" (Reuter, 1847: 12, sub P. salsa); "ad Ssou inter Ispahan [Isfahan] et Kaschan [Kashan] (Buhse!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "Ispahan et Teheran [Tehran Province] (Bge.!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "am Ssou zwischen Ispahan und Kaschan (Buhse nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36); "um Ispahan (Aucher n. 5079, 5080 und Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36); " Esf.: Prope Espahan [Sepahan / Esfahan / Hispahan], Auch. 5080. Inter Espahan et Kashan [Kāshān / Kachan, Kashan County], Buhse 1427." (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22); "Esf. [Isfahan Province]: 24 km N.E. Murcheh Khvort, 1750 m, Rech. [K.H. Rechinger] 46653 [B 10 0264818, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]. Kolah Ghazi Protected Region [Kolah Ghazi National Park-Esfahan, Isfahan Province]: 25 km N.E. Esfahan, 1700-2000 m, Rech. 46697" (Gilli, 1979: 291); "Kashan [Kashan County]: in montibus N. Muteh, 1950-2000 m, Rech. 46857" (Gilli, 1979: 291, sub C. salsa, E 00028877; C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl., rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013); "Persia prope Ispahan (Auch. 5080!)" (Gilli, 1979: 291); "Esfahan: between Faridan & Esfahan, Ghahreman, Sheikholeslmi & Aghustin 8825 (TUH)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99 sub C. salsa).

Kerman Province / Ostān-e Kermān: "inter Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County] et Yezd [Yezd / Jezd, Yazd County]" (cf. Boissier, 1879: 501, sub Ph. salsa); "zwischen Kerman und Jezd ... (Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36); "C: Yazd: Inter Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County] et Yazd [Yezd / Jezd, Yazd County]" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22); "Kermansh.: Kuh-e Bimar [mountain] prope Deh-e Hukani [Hukani-ye Sofla], 1400 m, Wdb & Assadi 16750." (Gilli, 1979: 291).

Semnan Province / Ostān-e Semnān: "H. Freitag: Herbarium Iranicum / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Semnan prov. [Semnan Province / Ostān-e Semnān] / 38 km E of Shahrud at road to Mayamei / ... on Astragalus squarrosus [?] / 1280 m  19. 5.1978 / Leg. Freitag 15538 / Det. Freitag" (B 10 0264813; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Azerb. [Iranian Azerbaijan]: Moghan [Moghān, Howmeh Rural District, Shahrud County] prope fines rossicas, Aubert in Pabot AM 14" (Gilli, 1979: 291); "C: Damgh.-Semn: in deserto supra Sorkheh [Surkheh, Sorkheh District, Semnan County] prope Semnan, 1300-1400 m, Rech. 52165 [B 10 0264819, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]. Kavir Protected Region [Kavir National Park, Dasht-e Kavir / Kavir-e Namak / Great Salt Desert, Iranian plateau]: 60 km S.E. Karavan-Sarai Shah Abbas [Karavan-Saray Shah Abbas], 900 m, Rech. 50176" (Gilli, 1979: 291); "Semnan: Shahru, Ahmad Abad, to Darb Ahangh, Iranshahr 32300 (IRAN)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99 sub C. salsa).

Tehran Province: "Ispahan et Teheran (Bge.!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "sowie bei Teheran (Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "Espahan et Teheran, Bge." (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22); "Kavir Protected Region [Kavir National Park, Dasht-e Kavir / Kavir-e Namak / Great Salt Desert, Iranian plateau]: 60 km S.E. Karavan-Sarai Shah Abbas [Karavan-Saray Shah Abbas], 900 m, Rech. 50176." (Gilli, 1979: 291); "Tehran: Kvir region, 80 km NW Shah Abbasi Karvansaraye, 900 m, Wendelbo, Alla & Cobham 10847; Kavir protected regions in Ghom lake, 750-800 m, Runemark, Foroughi & Assadi 19548" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99 sub C. salsa).

 Yazd Province: "...Yezd [Yezd / Jezd, Yazd County]" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "zwischen Kerman und Jezd ... (Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "C: Yazd: Inter Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County, Kerman Province / Ostān-e Kermān] et Yazd [Yezd / Jezd, Yazd County, Yazd Province]" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22).

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Israel / Palestine / Palaestina [unconfirmed, Cistanche violacea can be confused with C. salsa, which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles]

South: Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck, East of Jordan, J.A. Paine, Collection Number: Com10/ 74. Palestine Exploration Society (K 000283208, n.v.); "Palestina trans Jordanum [Transjordan / Lordship of Oultrejordain / Oultrejourdain] (Payme!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "Eastern Moab; Syrian Desert" (Post, 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"); "Palaestina" (Bornmüller, 1904: 686); "Palaestina, jenseits des Jordan (Payne nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "C. Negev [Negev desert]; Dead Sea area; E. Gilead [Galaad / Transjordan]" (Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 210, t. 355 C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck [apparently, in this drawing the bracts are glabrous like in the case of C. violacea]); "Израиль, г. Ашкелон, дюны. 24.02.2010. [Israel ciudad de Ashkelon ... 24.02.2010]" (photo 104270 by Татьяна Мальчинская, 2011 [apparently, in this photo the bracts are glabrous like in the case of C. violacea] in Plantarium; accessed Aug 2012); "Israel. Midbar Negev (Negev Desert). Broomrape (Cistanche salsa)" (photo 87163191 by [id. C. violacea]; accessed Oct. 2013); Israel desert, Dead Sea (photos 252930 and 43777 by Ori Fragman Sapir in www.treknature.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea]); "Fig. 3. Cistanche salsa, at Shunra Sands, Western Negev Desert, S Israel. – Photograph by O. Fragman-Sapir" (Aghababyan, 2013: 136 f. 3, sub C. salsa; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea]); "Negev desert" (photos by Oron Peri; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea]); "Parasite on roots of Haloxylon negevensis, Arava Valley, Paran, photos 319/31954 and 319/31955 by Avinoam Danin", "Flower, Western Negev, Halutza sands, photos 271/27126 and 271/27127 by Eli Livne" (sub Cistanche salsa in Flora of Israel Online; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea, apparently, in these photos the bracts are glabrous]); "Western Negev, near Nitsana, photo 10638 by Avinoam Danin" (Cistanche salsa in Flora of Israel Online; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. tubulosa]); "Samarian desert, Judean desert and Dead Sea valley, Negev hills and Eilat, Aravah, Valley" (photos 2045 sub C. salsa in Wildflowers of Israel [apparently, in these photos the bracts are glabrous like in the case of C. violacea]; accessed Oct 2013).

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Jordan / اَلأُرْدُنّ / Al-'Urdunn / Jordanie / Jordania / Jordanien [unconfirmed, Cistanche violacea can be confused with C. salsa, which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles (e.g., photos 72157621770110871 by Tim Melling, sub C. salsa, in Jordan, accessed Mar 2012; photos by Chris Gardner, accessed Oct 2013)]

Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck, East of Jordan, J.A. Paine, Collection Number: Com10/ 74. Palestine Exploration Society (K 000283208, n.v.); "Palestina trans Jordanum [Transjordan / Lordship of Oultrejordain / Oultrejourdain] (Payme!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "Eastern Moab; Syrian Desert" (Post, 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"); "E. Gilead [Galaad / Transjordan]" (Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 210, t. 355 C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán (Ledebour, 1849: 314; Beck, 1930: 36; Gilli, 1982: 3 "Soviet C. Asia")

Aktobe / Ақтөбе облысы / Aqtöbe oblısı: "Казахстан, юг Актюбинской обл., полупустыня южнее р. Иргиз. 24.04.2006 [Kazakhstan, south of Aktobe region, Semi south p. Yrgyz. 24.04.2006.]" (photo 4732 by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] 2008 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012); Цветущее растение. Казахстан, Приаралье [Priaralye], метеоритный кратер Жаманшин [Zhamanshin crater, near Yrgyz]. 2014 год, 1 половина мая" (photo 548719 by Алексей Распопов [Alexey Raspopov] 2018; растение определил(а) Юрий Данилевский [Yuri Danilevsky] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018).

Almaty / Алматы / Almatı: "In deserto Kirghisico vel in montibus / Taibagatar aut Ala-Tau [Trans-Ili Alatau / Заилийский Алатау / Zailiysky Alatau / Іле Алатауы, Tian Shan Mountains] / Cl. Schrenk, 1840 / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970910 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Phelipaea salsa / Flora Altaica / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970914 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / m. Ledebour 1831" (P 02983459 - herb. A. Jussieu 1857; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / Ledebour 1836" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Bongard et Meyer Suppl. Fl. alt. No. 218. Karel. et Kiril. Enum. pl. Fl. alt. No. 676" (Ledebour, 1849: 314); 1. "Vernoïe [Almaty (P 02163631)] 603" – 2. "Herb. Mus. Paris / Cistanche salsa C. A. Mey. / Plantes de l'Asie Centrale. 7 M. Chaffanjon, 1895-1896." (P 02983458; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016 [one specimen bad preserved]); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, южные отроги Джунгарского Алатау [Dzungarian Alatau] к зап. от с. Коктал [Koktal], наносы щебня на гипсоносных глинах и песках. 21 апреля 2016 г." (photo 478432 by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2016 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018).

Atyrau Oblast / Атырау облысы / Atıraw oblısı: "Phelipaea salsa C.A.M. / Claus desert ... // Regio Caspica / Claus. / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970910 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "lit. septentr. m. caspii [Caspian Sea] (Claus)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314, "Claus Ind. des. in Göbel It. II, p. 296"); "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan, Atyrau Oblast: circa lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder] deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn, 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Uralsk: am nördlichen Ufer des Caspi Sees [northeast of the Caspian Sea] (Claus und Fischer nach Ledebour, Pl. aralo-casp. n. 238!); und am See Inderskoj (Fischer nach Ledebour); zwischen Kisilkum [Kyzylkum Desert] und Jandorja (Eversmann)" (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa).

East Kazakhstan / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Восточно-Казахстанская область: "Hab. in locis argilloso-salsis deserti soongoro [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] - kirghisici trans fl. Kurtschum [East Kazakhstan Province] orientem versus (M.) — Fl. Majo." (Meyer, 1830: 461, loc. class. of Phelipaea salsa; Ledebour, 1833: t. 376); "In locis argilloso-salsis deserti Soongarico [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] - Kirghisici trans fl. Kurtschum [East Kazakhstan Province / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Şığıs Qazaqstan oblısı], in littore orientali maris Caspii (C.A. Mey.!)" (Reuter, 1847: 12); "Eor. Enum. pl. Soongor. No. 627. ... altaica in deserto soongoro-kirghisico! (Fl. Alt., Bong. et Meyer, Karel. et Kiril.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314); "Herbar. Th. Bienert / Phelipaea salsa / Inter Itgagur e Semipam [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria, Kazakhstan / Kazakstan?]..." Schrenk, Alexander Gustav von (COI 00056961); "Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria]!" (Beck, 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Цветущее растение. Восточный Казахстан, Зайсанская котловина [Zaisan Basin], р-н ур. Кеин-Кериш [Gora Kein-Kershi], галечник в солончаковой пустыне. 11 мая 2013 г." (photo 252203 by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018).

Karaganda Region / Қарағанды облысы / Карагандинская область: "6.V.1939  N.º 175 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Муюнкумы, Прибалхашье и Бетпак-Дала (Казахстан) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Muyunkum, Pribalkhash and Betpak-Dala (Kazakhstan)]" (MW 0877633; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); 1. "20.V.1951  N.º 273 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Муюнкумы, Прибалхашье и Бетпак-Дала (Казахстан) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Muyunkum, Pribalkhash and Betpak-Dala (Kazakhstan)]". 2. "Cistanche ambigua (Bge.) G. Beck / 22 XI 1974 / Determ. ..." (MW 0877614; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Муюнкумы, Прибалхашье и Бетпак-Дала (Казахстан) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Muyunkum, Pribalkhash and Betpak-Dala (Kazakhstan)]", Прибалхашье [Pribalkhash] 1957 (MW 0877638; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, Карагандинская обл. [Karaganda region], солончак. Начало мая 2014 г." (photo 404825 by Мария Жукова [Maria Zhukova]; растение определил(а) Георгий Лазьков [Georgiy Lazkov] in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016).

Kostanay Province / Қостанай облысы / Qostanay oblısı: "386 Phelipea salsa C.A.M. / In salsis deserti Soongoro-Kirghisici inter Arkalyk [Kostanay Province] et Dschartasch [Kazakhstan] / leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1840 / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu.)" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); 1. "N.º 386". 2. "leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1840 / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu.". 3. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (MW 0877637; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018).

Kyzylorda Province / Қызылорда облысы / Qızılorda oblısı / Кызылординская область / Kyzylordinskaya oblast: Baikonur, Kazakhstan [Окрестности города Байконур, Казахстан], photo 01 and 02 by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky] in Photos of plants in Kazakhstan by Yuriy75, accessed March 2012; "Цветущее растение-альбинос в глинистой пустыне. Казахстан, Кызылординская обл. 27.04.2011 [Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda region. 27.04.2011]" (photo 91603, Cistanche salsa var. albiflora, by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] 2011 in Plantarium; accessed Sep 2012); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, Кызыл-Ординская обл., г. Байконур, левый берег р. Сыр-Дарьи в [Baikonur, the left bank of the river Syr Darya] 3 км южнее понтонной переправы; склон бессточного понижения. 25.04.2010" (photo 401038 in by Юрий Данилевский [Yuri Danilevsky] in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016).

Mangystau Province / Маңғыстау облысы / Mañğıstaw oblısı: "10.V.1931 N.º 66a Leg. E. Serowa ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Прикаспийский Устюрт и Северное Приаралье (Казахстан) [the Caspian Sea Ustyurt and the Northern Prearalie (Aral Sea / Приара́лье / Аральскому морю) (Kazakhstan)]" (MW 0877632; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Казахстан, плато Устюрт, окр. с. Шетпе. Май 1999 г. [Kazakhstan, Ustyurt [Ustjurt-Plateau / Ust-Urt-Plateau] ... May 1999]" (photo 7455 by Максим Кучеров, 2009 in Plantarium; accessed Sep 2012); "Цветущее растение. Западный Казахстан, окр. пос. Бейнеу [Beyneu]. 05.05.2013." (photo 186560 by Евгений Комаров [Evgeny Komarov] 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018).

South Kazakhstan Province / Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы / Oñtüstik Qazaqstan oblısı: "1804. Phelipaea salsa C.A.M. / In salsis Songoriae hinc inde. [Sayram / Сайрам] / leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1841. / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu. // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970914 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); 1. "N.º 1804". 2. "[Sayram / Сайрам] leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1841 / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu.". 3. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (MW 0877635; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria]!: Snidun bei Kuldscha (Regel); am Ufer des lli nordwestlich von Kuldscha sowie in der Almaty Schlucht bei Wjernyi bei 3000' Seehöhe (Regel); am Sairam [Sayram / Сайрам] Nor (Karelin und Kiriloff n. 1804), am Alakul (Graf Waldburg-Zeil n. 140); in der soong. kirg. Steppe (nach Ledebour, Bongard und Meyer)" (Beck, 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Цветущее растение в полынной пустыне. Казахстан, Южно-Казахстанская обл., окр. с. Шакпак. 01.05.2011. [Kazakhstan, South Kazakhstan, env. Shakpak. 01.05.2011]" (photos 91767, 91766 and 91764 by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] 2011 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012); 1. "Западный Тянь-Шань и Каратау [Western Tien Shan y Karatau]" 4.V.1935. 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (MW 0877626; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, вост. предгорья хр. Каратау, сев. кромка котловины оз. Кызылколь, галечниковые наносы на пестроцветах на склоне юго-зап. экспозиции. 25 апреля 2017 г. [Flowering plant. Kazakhstan, East. foothills of the Karatau ridge, ... Kyzylkol [Sozak District / Созақ ауданы?], ... April 25, 2017]" (photo 507668 by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2017 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018).

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Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан / Киргизстан / Kirguistán / Kirgisistan / Kirgiziya (Cistanche salsa in Flora of China)

"Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan, Atyrau Oblast: circa lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero] deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn, 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

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Mongolia / Монгол улc / Mongolei (Beck, 1930: 37; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22; Gilli, 1982: 3; Cistanche salsa in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia)

"Mongolei!: in der Wüste Gobi zwischen Altai [Govi-Altai Province] und Batyk (Przewalski!), um Kaidari am See Uliungur [Ulungur Hu / Lac Ouloungour, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, China] (Potanin)" (Beck, 1930: 37); "East Gobi, Gobi-Altai, Dzungarian Gobi, Transaltai Gobi, Alashan Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (C. salsa in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Aug 2012).

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Russia / Rusia / Россия (Ledebour, 1849: 314; Reuter, 1847: 12; Boissier, 1879: 501; Gilli, 1982: 3, "S. Russia")

Siberian Federal District / Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг

"in Sibiria uralensi ad lacun Indersk! [Western Siberia, near the mouth of Ural River, in Lake Indersk]" (Ledebour, 1849: 314); "Anoplanthus / Amblatum Tataricum ... Sibiria / Schl." (P 02970910 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Sibiriâ (Bunge)" (Reuter, 1847: 12).

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien [unconfirmed]

Hama Governorate: "mons Gebel Abiad [Jabal Abyad] deserti Syriaci ad Palmyram (Bl!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "Eastern Moab; Syrian Desert" (Post, 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"); "Syrien: auf dem Gebel Abiad bei Palmyra in der syrischen Wüste (Blanche nach Boissier)" (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "Syria" (Bornmüller, 1904: 686).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan

"Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae. / Phelipaea salsa C.A.M. / ... Terekli / 24 Juni 1841 / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970911; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); "227430. Scrophulariaceae. Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Tajikistan, Tigrovaja Balka Nature Reserve" (photos by Eugene A. Davkaev in Montarano Nature Photography, accessed Aug 2012); "Таджикистан, заповедник "Тигровая балка", северная часть. 17.04.2011 [Tajikistan, Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve]" (photo 44582 by Евгений Давкаев [Eugene Davkaev] 2011; растение определил(а) [det.] Юрий Пирогов [Y. Pirogov] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía

Anatolia

Central Anatolia

Konya Province: 1. "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memleh- / asi nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on / Kochia (?) 18700. Fl. pale lilac / with yellow throat. / Anthers / cream. / 8 June 1852. Davis 18709 & Dodds." – 2. "... Cistanche salsa (C.A.Meyer) G. Beck / var. longidens Gilli var. nov. / 1966 det. A. Gilli" – 3. "Holotype / of Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck var. longidens Gilli / in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 383. (1971)." (E 00028880; holotype of C. salsa var. longidens Gilli); "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memlehasi / nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on Kochia / 18700. / 8 June 1952. Davis 18719 & Dodds." (E 00028881; paratype of C. salsa var. longidens Gilli); "Inner Anatolia. B4 Konya [Konya / Iconio]: Yavsan Memlehasi, D. [Davis] 18709!" (Gilli, 1982: 3, sub C. salsa).

Kayseri Province: "B5 Kayseri: Erciyas Da., 1100 m, vi 1902, Penther & Zederbauer!" (Gilli, 1982: 3, sub C. salsa); "Turkey, B5 Kayseri: Sultan Marshes, Oztekin 1491" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99).

Eastern Anatolia Region

Kars Province: "B10 Kars: Aras valley, 1837, C. Koch" (Gilli, 1982: 3, sub C. salsa).

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Turkmenistan / Türkmenistan / Turkmenia / Туркмения / Turkmenien / Turcomannia (Ledebour, 1849: 314; Beck, 1930: 37, sub C. salsa; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22)

"Phelipea salsa / Turcoman. / Acad. Imp. St. Petersb. 1836" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "in Turcomannia! (Karel. pl. exs.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314); "Siberia uralensi in insula Ogurtschik [Turkmenien / Turcomannia, Insel Ogurtschinsk] m. caspii [Caspian Sea]! (Karel)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314, sub P. flava); "Turcomanniâ ad mare Caspium (Karel!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "1026. Cistanche salsa Franchet / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Tengi Charam / M. Capus. Plantes du Turkestan. 1881. / Reçu le 27 Octobre 1881" (P 02983467; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Nov 2011); "Transcaspia: Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su], in arenosis ad Ufra [N 40° 0' 29'' E 53° 3' 26'']; 21. IV. 1901 (leg. Sintenis, iter Transcaspico-turcicum, n. 1541)" (Bornmüller, 1904: 686, sub C. fissa; P 02983474, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa, this can be distinguished for their bracts and bracteoles which are densely woolly-hairy on throughout the surface (not only along edges) and corolla-lobes glabrous at edges and inner side]); "Ufra [N 40° 0' 29'' E 53° 3' 26''] (Sintenis n. 1541 ! [P 02983474, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa])" (Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa); "Turkmenien: (Karelin nach Ledebour); in der Kirgisen-Steppe am Irtysch bei Ajagas (Schrenk, Poliloff!); bei Dschartasch und Arkalyk (Karelin und Kiriloff n. 386), bei Kisilarwat (Becker n. 71); auf der Insel Ogurtschinsk am Caspi See (Karelin als. Ph. giganteal)" (Beck, 1930: 37); "Turcomania: Kizyl-Arvat [Serdar / Kyzyl-Arvat / Gyzylarbat, Balkan Province / Balkan welaýaty], Becker" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22); "Orobanche salsa (C. A. Mey.) m. / normalis / f. breviloba m. / 371. Turkmenien V. 86 [May 1886] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze." (NY 00312481, holotype; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012, sub C. salsa); "Phelypaea ambigua / Alexandri Lehmann / reliquiae botanicae. / ... / Kisil-Kum / Al. Bunge" (P 02970944 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2015, type of Phelypaea ambigua); "Hab. Lehmsteppe in der Wüste Kisil-kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм, Balkan] 20. April 1842." (Bunge, 1851: 429); "In desertis argillosis prope Kisil Kum in Turkestan [Turkistan] (Lehmann!)" (Beck, 1930: 40, loc. class. of  Phelypaea ambigua Bunge); Туркменской CCP ... 17.4.1962 (MW 0877612; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018).

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Turkistan / Turkestan / Turquestán / Turkestán / Туркестан / "Land of the Turks" [Central Asia / Middle Asia / "the stans": Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan] (Beck, 1930: 37, sub C. salsa)

"Turkestan!: "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae / No. / Phelipaea salsa / Al. Bunge / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970914 - herb. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Turkestaniâ (Lehm!)" (Boissier, 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); 1. "N. 89 / Ex herbario horti Petropolitani / Phelipaea Salsa C.A. Mey. / Turkestan A. Regel". 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. 17.VII.1949 I. Novopokrovsky" (MW 0877636; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Lehmann und Bunge nach Boissier; bei Kurgantypa (Regel); im Tale des Syr Darja [Syr Darya / Сирдарё / Сырдария / Sirdaryo / Syrdarya / Sirdaryo / Jaxartes / Yaxartes] (Pitra de Charkow), am Syr Darja bei Taschnab (Regel), zwischen Baschtschi und Ainabulak [Aina-bulak, Almaty / Алматы облысы / Almatı oblısı / Алматинская область, Kazakhstan] (Regel, Iter turkest. n. 369! [369 / A. Regel, Iter Turkestanicum 18767 / Phelipaea salsa / Inter Baschtschi et Ainabulak. / ... (COI 00056960)])" (Beck, 1930: 37, sub C. salsa).

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Uzbekistan / Usbekistan / O'zbekiston / Uzbekistán / Узбекистанn (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa; Butkov & Vvedensky, 1961: 508, 640, loc. class. of C. jodostoma; Cistanche speciosa Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 509, 641 (1961); C. salsa in Flora of China)

Xorazm Province / Xorazm viloyati / Хоразм вилояти / Khorezm Province: "Chiva [Chiwa / Khiva / Xiva / Хива / Хива / Khorasam / Khoresm / Khwarezm / Chorezm, Xorazm Province / Xorazm viloyati / Хоразм вилояти / Khorezm Province]: bei Kapakr Asna (Karolkow und Krause)." (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa).

Buxoro Province / Bukhara Province / Buxoro viloyati / Бухоро вилояти: "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae / (Boukharie) [Bukhara] / No. / Phelipaea salsa / ...1859 [Iter Persicum, Al. de Bunge 1858-1859] Al. Bunge / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02983461; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); Östliches Bochara [Eastern Bukhara / Buxoro / Бухара]!: oberhalb des Zusammenflusses des Pändsch, Kysylssu Aussu südlich von Kulab bei 12-13000' Seehöhe (Regel!), in der Provinz Kulab am Flusse Schkul und Wachsch bei 9000' Seehöhe (Regel)" (Beck, 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "P. ..., 1906 / N.º 229 Cistanche salsa / Chirabad: Sables Patta-Koum. / 11 avril  Roshewitz, Plantae bucharicae 1906." (P 02983457; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016 [glabrous!, it does not seem to be C. salsa (Beck, 1930: 33, sub C. tubulosa (Schenk) R. Wight)]).

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